The Achievers Documentary Trailer


First there was a movie from the Coen brothers called The Big Lebowski then, there was an Explosion of the bizarre
What could have spawned a media frenzy over the course of 5 years, driving over 300,000 hits on the Lebowski Fest website alone and selling out over 17 events from Louisville to London giving birth to a sub culture correctly labeled as Achievers?
What could gather such an eclectic crowd together relegating the best time with one could have with a stranger in a bowling extravaganza?
With interviews from Jeff Bridges and Jim James of “My Morning Jacket”, Director Eddie Chung decided to take a shot on answering this question by creating this amazing documentary with the help of producers Agi Orsi and Cecy Rangel from Riding Giants and Dogtown and Z-Boys.

this thing is the biggest thing I've ever been involved in and it's big and it's huge it's just becoming real you know we have these fests where all these fans get together just like us and we all just like kind of create this strange world of lebowski with nihilus running around and people running around in bathrobes and giant Creedence tape and severed toes the last three years of my life had just been unbelievable housekeepers cured my cancer I am the real Lebowski Chicago trivia championships are coming true I just think it's a weird dream I'm having

The Philosophy of Kreia: A Critical Examination of Star Wars



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The character Kreia from the game Knights of the Old Republic 2 is arguably one of the greatest female characters in gaming. However, despite her fame, much of her philosophy has been misunderstood due to the puzzling manner in which the game presents her backstory and motives. This video will serve both as an examination of Kreia’s philosophy and her criticisms of the Star Wars universe as a whole.

Chris Avellone famously said in an interview that Knights of the Old Republic 2 was meant to question everything there had to be questioned about Star Wars. This video will be answering those questions.

This video has been five months in the making.

On set for the final chapter of 'Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2'



Go on set with Daniel Radcliffe, Emma Watson, and Rupert Grint as Harry Potter gets ready for his final battle.

Watch more at

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The Trireme Dreadnought of the Ancient Mediterranean



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A trireme (from Latin triremis, literally “three-oarer”) was a type of galley, a Hellenistic-era warship that was used by the ancient maritime civilizations of the …

I Never Really Understood the Scientific Method



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I Never Really Understood the Scientific Method · Getter!

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℗ 2006 Getter!

Released on: 2006-01-01

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The Ice Breakers: Worlds Toughest Ship New Documentary Film



The Ice Breakers: Worlds Toughest Ship – Documentary Film An icebreaker is a special-purpose ship or boat designed to navigate and relocate through .

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Click here to enjoy more videos: The Ice Breakers: Worlds Toughest Ship Documentary – Documentary Film An icebreaker is .

The Ice Breakers: Worlds Toughest Ship – Documentary Film An icebreaker is a special-purpose ship or boat designed to navigate and relocate through.

they are the toughest chips in the water plowing headlong into one of nature's hardest obstacles they call the most desolate places on earth home as they keep ships safe and open the frozen reaches of the planet to scientific study now icebreaker is on modern marvels ice one of nature's most formidable barriers in the channels and shipping routes of the world it can bring transportation to a dead stop this is the adversary of the icebreaker specially designed chips with reinforced hulls and massive power to shatter winters frozen domain wherever ice gets in the way of maritime commerce or scientific research ice breaking ships are called on to open the way they do this by grooming channels creating lanes through which ships follow other times they get up close and personal by winching the bow of a beset vessel into a specially designed had it not and using the power of both ships to force through the frozen hard pack it is late January on the Great Lakes a smooth undisturbed layer of white covers the entire landscape at this time of year it is difficult to tell where the shore ends and the water begins unlike Huron the ice is usually only two feet thick but the wind can cause the ice to pile up on itself forming a pressure ridge many times thicker shipped goods are imperative for the Great Lakes communities in ships carrying these Goods must make their way through this ice Detroit alone needs 65,000 tons of fuel oil every day much of which will be transported by barge the 290 foot US Coast Guard Cutter Mackinac has been charged with keeping these supply lines open with her reinforced hull spoon-shaped bow and mighty 10,000 horsepower diesel electric engines the Mackinaw has been designed for one purpose ice-breaking the US Coast Guard Cutter Mackinac is a unique one-of-a-kind icebreaker it was built in 1944 during the war and it was built in a response to essentially help move the iron ore that was needed to do the ship construction for the war effort as the oldest icebreaker on the Great Lakes her tenure has made her one of the most famous ships in these waters in nearly 60 years of service the Mackinaw has seen many renovations on the bridge ornate 1940s original equipment share space with modern radar and navigation instruments but what makes her truly remarkable as an icebreaker is her combination of strength and power well the Mackinaw like all icebreakers have special features that allow them to take on the massive forces of the ice one is the hull form which most of the ships now have a kind of a spoon bow and they look sort of like a football cut in half if you were to pull them out of the water the unique hull shape allows the ship to ride up on top of an ice sheet using the weight of the vessel to break through along with that hull form they also need very thick hull plating where it meets the ice and they also need a lot of structure behind the plating to reinforce against the ice an intricate array of steel girders form the ribs of the Mackinaw placed 16 inches apart they support and reinforce the 2 inch steel hull plating which is nearly twice the thickness of normal ships the additional strength comes with a price the Mackinaw displaces over five thousand tonnes fully loaded moving a ship this size through the ice requires an enormous amount of power I'm far back now there are three main Antrim this is one of them it is the hard salt of the vessel we have six made these legends fairbanks-morse post piston and they are coupled to a generator the generators provide electricity for both of the 5,000 horsepower propulsion motors which in turn spin the 210 points seven ton aft propellers the VESA electric engine has been used on board icebreakers for quite a while and it's the preferred powerplant primarily because when the propeller goes through the ice it hits a large piece there's a shock down that propeller is transmitted back through the shaft the propeller shafts are spun by the powerful electric motors which utilize magnetic fields for propulsion as opposed to being directly attached to the diesel power plant which would require additional gears and mechanical linkages more to damage if a propeller were suddenly jammed in the ice the Mackinaw has other traits that make her at home in the ice on board tanks and pumps comprise a heel and trim system in 30 seconds over 100,000 gallons of water can be pumped from one side of the boat to the other the rapid shift in ballast causes the over seventy four foot wide ship to rock crushing the surrounding ice an additional propeller at the bow can also be employed by turning the water ahead of the vessel the propeller destabilizes the ice while washing the broken pieces from its path but the years of ice breaking have taken their toll and the mighty Mackinac is beginning to show her age because of her age is costing a lot of money to keep the Mackinac operational and it also takes a lot of people on board to do the maintenance plans right now are to replace the ship with a new icebreaker that'll be multi mission in nature but until the replacement is built the Mackinac remains on patrol as long as there is ice in the water there is plenty of work to be done up to sixteen merchant ships navigate the frozen waters of the Great Lakes and the Mackinac cannot protect them all the ten additional icebreakers share the duty to Canadian vessels three buoy tenders and five Bay clasp ice breaking tugs work as a team to keep all the Great Lakes open to shipping the US Coast Guard also looks to the skies for help because when breaking ice a straight line is not always the best route the age 65 dolphin helicopters lift ice advisors from the ships one salon may relay course information back to the captain's when you're on the bridge of the cutter you can only see so far being able to climb to a thousand of two thousand feet we can give them a better idea where they should go to hit the open water that would be a much less arduous task than breaking through all the hard stuff they are eyes in the sky if we're working in a lake environment such as this we could be working a mile or two miles away from a great open water lien on Nellie but today the air crew has spotted an enormous ice sheet blocking the route under the Mackinac Bridge at the northern tip of Lake Huron the ice-breaking tug Katmai Bay has been called on to clear the potentially dangerous flow the ship was traveling through that area and happened to get stuck it is possible that that sheep could break loose and start carrying the ship with it anywhere it goes if the ship is stuck it's at the mercy of nature and the wind's blowing it could blow it onto a shoal or into some other hazard of navigation the bay class tugs are the most technologically sophisticated icebreakers on the Great Lakes but for this task force and an experienced crew are all that is necessary sometimes we find a pressure Ridge a large wind row that we are unable to just break through on the first time we have to employ a backing and ramming maneuver and we'll we'll take the ship and we'll back up in the track that we just established anywhere from two to three ship links and then we'll come ahead again and we'll use the backing ability of the ship to keep it in a straight as long as possible backing up in the ice can pose a problem for normal non ice breaking ships if a fragment were to jam the rudder the ship would turn out of control icebreakers like the Katmai Bay have rudders which are braced at both the top and bottom an underwater protrusion called an ice horn shields the rudder and helps the ship break ice when moving backwards windblown ice like that found under the Mackinac Bridge can stack and fold over on itself creating pressure ridges up to 20 feet thick the ship will have to back and RAM many times to get through this extremely tough ice fortunately the bake last ships have other weapons at their disposal Oh lubrication or bubbler systems helps clear the ice from around the ship's air is expelled through holes below the waterline the bubbles which are generated force their way up through the ice causing it to weaken once the ship has broken through the pack ice especially designed bow and powerful propwash create wave action in the surrounding water the ripple effect causes the ice to flex and break apart the coast guard needs these technological tricks by the end of the season that has spent over 4,600 hours assisting more than 500 trapped ships any one of which could have become a financial disaster or worse a human tragedy but the icebreakers and their crews keep the waters safe one of the things that makes this such a great ship is the crew they're the ones that do all the hard work without a doubt they're there they're a bunch of can-do coasties more icebreakers the Great Lakes are a microcosm the same scenario plays out with hundreds of ships all over the world where people in cold climates depend on shipping icebreakers are there to clear the way next the combination of economics and polar exploration post early shipbuilders and Mariners to push the boundaries and risk their lives the cutter Mackinac stroll and the Great Lakes was considered to be so important that she was designed to never leave she was purposely built too large to pass through the existing locks leading to the ocean ice breakers will return the ice breaker has changed the way ships navigate the waterways of the world modernized breakers can smash through 10-foot thick ice sheets without stopping but for early wooden wind powered ships the best way to deal with ice was not to be in the water prior ties breakers the countries that had major ice problems would have to just stop all operations in that area they would have to move their shipping out of the area just because they would be caught and crushed any ice lightly built wind powered ships were no match for a frozen waterway that would begin to change with the perfection of the steam engine by James Watt in the late 1700s and the subsequent creation of steam-powered ships but there were still problems in the 1830s and 40s when you begin to have steam powered vessels even they were too underpowered to punch their way through ice most of these vessels still had sail and even the combination of both we were too underpowered captain's who blundered into heavy ice had few options depending on the atmospheric conditions the ships could be trapped until the fall or mercilessly crushed the crews would toil to free their ships with sledgehammers or anything else they could find to stave off the encroaching freeze the other things they could do was put a anchor out on that ice and then using the ship's captain winch yourselves forward so there really wasn't much you could do and probably the best illustration of this is what happened to Ernest Shackleton and the Antarctic his ship was trapped drifted for many miles eventually the ice crushed it still many Mariners remained undaunted particularly those who stood to make a great deal of money hunting whales and seals near the frozen poles in the 1870s or 1880s whaling and sealing became a fairly good business therefore we had to start getting more strengthen ships for this and they started to put better framing and the ships and strengthened them on the outside of the ship also the united states first real foray into ice breaking came with the purchase of the alaska territory in 1867 the federal government charged the Revenue Cutter service later to become the US Coast Guard with regular missions to the region the ships of the Bering Sea patrol would set sail in the spring from Seattle heading north as the ice melted they would stop in native villages along the way the captains of those early cutters were the only government representatives in the territory part diplomat and part law enforcement they were both loved and feared by local inhabitants and they had a doctor and a dentist aboard they would take care of your ills and also the captain was usually appointed a federal judge and he would sit down and hold trials hanging from the yardarm or whatever go to the next town the captains and crews would also be responsible for enforcing some of America's earliest environmental laws there was a lot of over harvesting of seals at this point from from not only United States but from other nations and they would send the cutters up there to help regulate this and protect the seals one of the cutters in particular was the rush that was up there she went up there for a number of years and the old saying get there to avoid the rush comes from that people that were gonna do anything illegal had to get there before the rush arrived other ships would become renowned for their work in the Alaskan waters two of the vessels that the Revenue Cutter service eventually gets the bear and the theists were both built as whalers and of course whalers are designed to work in light ice because they can capture whales and kill them both of these vessels were built with heavy hulls and were reinforced to work in ice known as the Coast Guard's Old Ironsides the 198 foot bear was constructed in Dundee Scotland built in 1874 the ship was sold to the US ten years later and would see decades of service with her tightly spaced reinforcing beams made of iron wood and metal bow plating she was far stronger than most ships in the water still she was not an ice breaker like the ship's before her at best the bear was ice resistant having neither the power nor strength to plow through ice the world would have to wait another 25 years for a ship that strong in 1899 the first true icebreaker was built the British ship her Mac purchased by the Russian government boasted engines powerful enough to produce 10,000 horsepower but better engines were only part of the equation the next major step for these mighty ships was in hole design the kickapoo was a unique vessel she was built in 1921 and she was altered in 1926 what the Coast Guard did was to increase the length of the vessel and cut back the very bottom part of her bow which is called the forefoot and this particular design feature allows her to ride up over the ice and use the weight of the vessel to break the ice this is a very important advance in icebreaker technology because it is really a a design feature that allows the vessel not only to push its way through ice but actually to break ice the Northland commissioned in 1927 replaced the bear in the waters off Alaska despite having sails for emergency use the Northland incorporated the latest design features as well as a new power plant the recently developed diesel engine the United States was now producing strong and powerful ice breaking ships but their ability and importance would not be immediately recognized as is often the case the technology would have to wait for the world to catch up next the outbreak of World War two gives icebreakers a new global purpose in 1906 the famed polar explorer Roald Amundsen completed a three-year journey to become the first captain to sail through the elusive Northwest Passage modern icebreakers can traverse that same waterway connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans above Canada in less than three weeks icebreakers will return on modern marvels today icebreakers from around the world are regular visitors to the frozen poles the men ofit's these ships offer to science and commerce are immeasurable but that has not always been recognized by the late 1920s shipbuilders were making icebreakers that combined strength power and design features but they were expensive the US Coast Guard still ran the Bering Sea patrols with turn-of-the-century ships there seemed no reason for the newer more costly vessels but that would soon change in the 1930s several things happen that require the Coast Guard to begin ice breaking the first major thing that happens is that in the Northeast people start heating their homes with fuel before this time they had been heating it with coal and coal was brought by rail but heating oil was brought by barges up the rivers the shift in consumer habits prompted a second major change in 1936 President Roosevelt ordered the US Coast Guard into the ice breaking business the 1936 executive order by President Roosevelt that stated that the Coast Guard should try to keep the navigable waters open during winter months basically caught the Coast Guard unprepared they're turn-of-the-century fleet would no longer suffice the Coast Guard began an intensive study of icebreaker technology leading the research was lieutenant Edward Thiel who immediately turned to European designers for help because harsh Scandinavian winters would freeze harbors solid countries such as Denmark and Sweden built some of the best icebreakers in the world Thiel found that many of the European ships utilized bow propellers to clear the way in front of them while powerful diesel electric engines battered the unrelenting ice when he was over in Europe and looking at the ice breakers of the northern European countries one of the things that feel realized was that some of the technology was already in use in the United States and other vessels for example the the bow thrusters were being used on Great Lakes car ferries what he was surprised is that nobody had put all this technology together to create or to build an ice breaker the culmination of fievel's efforts was the 110 foot Raritan class icebreaker tugs four of these vessels would be built in 1939 they're relatively short lengths allowed the ships to follow the winding leads and cracks in the ice but they still had plenty of power to punch through when necessary pytheas greatest contribution to icebreakers would come as the world spiraled into war with the outbreak of world war ii the icebreakers reached would become global a new breed of ship would become vital in the frozen north atlantic to remain for long periods of time in ice fields above the Polar Circle these ships needed to be both phenomenally strong and large enough to carry the necessary supplies the 269 foot wind class icebreakers were contracted in November of 1941 some of the world's first true polar ice breakers the ships were strengthened by their close spacing of internal frames and carefully designed trusses combined with a 1 and 5/8 inch welded steel hull plating these ships could resist 3000 pounds of pressure per square inch along the waterline to begin in the war we based our designs on the breakers that they had in Europe they were much smaller icebreakers and about 75% of them had a bow screw we figured that the Europeans never left the fjords over there because as soon as we went into hard Arctic ice we broke screws and consequently they were built that way but we took them off within a couple years once they were redesigned the wind class breakers became the best the world had ever seen so good that none caught for the US the north wind the south wind and the west wind were loaned the Russians for the duration award to help keep their ports open which were very important for supplying the Russian war machine but there were other fronts with its best ice breaking ship serving in Russian waters the United States called on the breakers of the Bering Sea patrol to help in the strategically important waters of the North Atlantic these ships as well as others would form the Greenland patrol on patrol in the Arctic off Greenland the United States Coast Guard Cutter moves through bleak iceberg infested waters she is one of four cutters on a two-month mission to smash German fortified radio bases on the remote Greenland closes one of the most important fronts during World War two for the United States was the Greenland theater of operations many people don't realize how important that was Greenland was being used by the Germans to predict the weather of the European theater they were sending weather teams there to send out the weather of course the other strategic need for Greenland was the cryolite mines Anna cryolite is a very important mineral that is used in the production of aluminum throughout the war the ships and crews of the Greenland patrol would attack and destroy German fortifications boarding their enemy's best efforts to acquire vital information and resources at the end of the war it seemed the ships like the sailors room anthem would return to the peacetime business of clearing shipping lanes but that was not to be next new global tensions leave the battle-tested American icebreakers in the coldest part of the Cold War while the Soviet Union unleashes the power of the atom to build the strongest icebreakers the world has ever seen after serving over 20 years as an icebreaker the two hundred and sixteen foot Cutter Northland was sold to the Israeli Navy making her the largest warship in their fleet icebreakers will return on modern marvels in December of 1946 operation Highjump became the first post-war US military mission to the South Pole commanded by Admiral Richard II bird twelve ships including the US Coast Guard's north wind and the Navy icebreaker Burton Island were to make way to Antarctica the convoys mission was to build the outpost little America for near the Bay of whales unfortunately the 269 port Burton island which was similar in design to the Northwind was not built in time to join the convoy this left the north wind in charge of all ice breaking duties and would have nearly disastrous consequences at different times during the mission all eleven vessels became trapped in ice the first ship to become beset was the USS Mount Olympus the north wind made use of it's towing rigs at the rear of the ship to pull the Navy frigate closed and drag it from the clutching ice another ship in the convoy the USS Yancey had her 3/4 inch thick steel hull pierced by a windblown ice mass she also had to be towed to safety equally unlucky the submarine Senate was so severely damaged after colliding with the ice she was forced to abandon the mission completely the remaining ships pushed forward following the North wind's lead as it opened the Bay of whales to be used as a port and staging area we first went to Antarctica course in 1946 and then and that kind of slacked off until the early 50s and they started what they called Operation deep freeze every year since 1955 operation deep freeze has sent a convoy of ships to the South Pole for base resupply and other military purposes and every year an icebreaker contingent has led the way but the North Pole due to its close proximity to the Soviet Union would become far more strategically important fearing a Russian sneak attack the United States built multiple distant early warning radar sites in northern Canada and Greenland known as the dew line these sites would need constant resupply again the icebreakers would lead the way the Soviet Union also found the frozen polar waters extremely important Mariners had long dreamed of opening northern shipping lanes like the Northwest Passage connecting the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean above Canada or the Russians the great northern sea route was the goal in hopes of finding a way through the treacherous ice fields above northern Europe and Asia Russian ice breakers were sent on missions in the early 1950s researchers and scientists would study atmospheric water and ice conditions the information gathered would help them push icebreaker design to a new level in 1959 the Icebreaker Lenin was built she would be the first surface vessel powered by nuclear reactors on her first trial run in May of 1960 a contingent of shipbuilders and scientists were on hand to test everything from my strength – radioactive hazards the Lenin would become so successful in the waters off northern Siberia that she would be called on when other icebreakers were beset the Soviet Union with its abundance of untapped northern resources would organize the greatest icebreaker missions the world has ever seen transportation of or oil and countless other materials would continue year-round to achieve this in the frozen northern waters the Soviets would continue to build nuclear icebreakers through the 60s and 70s they would become the fastest and strongest ice breakers of all time able to force through eight feet of ice at 10 knots per hour for the United States the ships and missions would also begin to change in the late 1960s the Coast Guard took over several Navy icebreakers and we became the sole operators of u.s. polar ice breakers the Commission began to change as well particularly the Arctic for meeting the needs of science but the aging wind class icebreakers with their space consuming deck guns were better suited for war and scientific exploration in the late 1960s partially due to the changing mission and partially due to superior Soviet ships the u.s. began research on a new class of icebreaker the polar class the polar class the Polar Sea in the Polar Star which were built in the mid 70s were a substantial performance improvement over the wind class predominately because of the much larger size and a much greater horsepower the polar class is able to run in to power ranges the economically efficient diesel electric mode can produce a total of eighteen thousand horsepower but if necessary the captain can employ the gas turbines able to create 75 thousand horsepower these engines are so forceful they can only be used for short bursts the 399 foot polar vessels became the most capable breakers in the US fleet by comparison usually in McMurdo based down in Antarctica to break through the ice to take the supply ships in you have a 150 maybe 300 miles of ice to break the old wind class used to take them two to three weeks the last I heard the record was by the polar class with 17 hours I mean when they go to break they prank other advancements were also included in the polar ships their bowels extend far out over the water this transfers additional weight onto the ice while at the back of the ship the propellers were built so their pitch could be controlled what the controllable pitch propellers allows you to do is to continually rotate the shaft in the same direction and yet change your thrust from a head and thrust to Anna Stern thrust by changing the pitch on the propeller blades this advantage allows the ship to change direction without first stopping than reversing the engines but even the new ships had room for improvements having been designed as both science ships and military supply vessels sacrifices have been made to accommodate both roles the Coast Guard realized that the ships had some shortcomings with regard to laboratory space and over the side equipment such as oceanographic winches so in the 80s we design a number of very significant ship alterations to the polar class which added a much more robust scientific capability the end of the Cold War saw an almost complete change in the US icebreaker fleet they were more than just ships that could break ice they had become high-latitude research vessels Russia would also see a change in their ships but not for the better the crumbling post Cold War economy would offer little financial support for the ones Grande nuclear fleet today a handful of the ships continue to operate but many questions regarding safety and stability reverberate through the international maritime community no it's measuring going up to a thousand that's very dangerous of primary concern the radioactive hearts of these vessels and storage of spent fuel leaving some to believe the ships are nuclear disaster is waiting to happen next the quest for polar science advances as the US Coast Guard unveils the newest icebreaker in its fleet on August 17th 1977 the nuclear-powered Soviet icebreaker Arctica became the first surface vessel to break through to the North Pole icebreakers will return on modern marvels the newest member of the Coast Guard icebreaker fleet was commissioned in 1999 the US Coast Guard Cutter Healy as the largest non-nuclear icebreaker ever built instructed by Avondale Industries Incorporated in New Orleans the 420 foot 16,000 tonne Healy boasts engines capable of producing 30,000 horsepower they're less powerful than her peers in the Poehler class the Healey has been designed to do far more with fewer resources sophisticated computer control systems mean if necessary the entire ship can be sailed by as few as four people to on the bridge attending to navigation and to in the engine control center monitoring and maintaining the enormous power plant and drive systems but a much larger grow is needed for polar missions the Healy can accommodate 75 sailors and 50 science specialists from barbershop to onboard Medical Center the Healey must provide for every need during the long months at sea the Healy also houses some very special passengers to Dolphin h-65 helicopters can be hangared on the mid-deck and used for reconnaissance and transportation in addition to the onboard equipment the Healy has other attributes that make her remarkable the Healy has a much more squared-off haul form than the polar class icebreakers in general have a reputation for rolling very badly in a Seaway because of the football shape of the hull Kili on the other hand has proven to be a very nice sea boat and rides very well in a sea way the Healy is at home in the water as was her namesake captain Michael Healey gained notoriety as the hard-working hard drinking captain of the US Revenue Cutter bear during the early years of the Bering Sea Patrol captain Healy was a very capable seaman very very renowned for his knowledge of the ice and ice handling but a very tough disciplinarian captain Haley's nickname was hell roar and Mike he was certainly not a shy or shrinking person but probably the most experienced Revenue Cutter captain as if to proclaim her wild heritage during her launching ceremony the Healey dropped into the water and raised a 30-foot wave which washed over spectators and dignitaries in the grandstand like the captain she was named after she seemed a little too eager to leave the comforts of the warm southern waters and head for the frozen polar north her first encounter with ice was during an eight month trial period in the waters between Canada and Greenland the Healy's performance pleasantly surprised the captain and crew during the ice trials we wanted to test the ship first of all in level wise we did that in several thicknesses and we found that while the design criteria specified that the ship must break at least four and a half feet of ice continuously at three knots we found that we were able to break five and a half feet just under three knots so we felt that the ship really not only met the design criteria but exceeded them as well the levelized test was a resounding success but it was important to see how well the new ship would handle the tough polar pressure ridges which most ice breaker crews do their best to avoid well I think we broke the pressure during the test that was was approximately 28 feet high but it was considerably thicker than that down below the waterline where you can't see it the Healy's incredible strength is tempered by her sophisticated scientific capabilities well Healy is very well-suited for a wide range of science disciplines we have lots of over the side capability where we can take samples from the ocean bottom we can take samples from the water column we also have a number of electronic and acoustic systems we have a bottom mapping sonar where we can actually map the topography of the ocean bottom we also have things like a ballot Tower so we can do meteorological research Atmospheric Research pretty much anything in biology geology oceanography all those things are capabilities of the vessel in years past captains used to look out at the ice in front of their ship and see a barrier that could not be crossed today they see a door to discovery to which the ice breaker is the key the future of these magnificent ships will involve a complicated marriage between shipbuilders and polar scientists making icebreaker is not only the toughest ships on the water but also some of the smartest let's and they had a doctor and a dentist aboard they would take care of your ills and also the captain was usually appointed a federal judge and he would sit down and hold trials hanging from the yardarm or whatever go to the next town the captains and crews would also be responsible for enforcing some of America's earliest environmental laws there was a lot of over harvesting of seals at this point from from not only the United States but from other nations and they would send the cutters up there too to help regulate this and protect the seals one of the cutters in particular was the rush that was up there she went up there for a number of years and the old saying get there to avoid the rush comes from that people that were gonna do anything illegal had to get there before the rush arrived other ships will become renowned for their work in the Alaskan waters two of the vessels that the Revenue Cutter service eventually gets the bear in the Thetis were both built as whalers and of course whalers are designed to work in light ice because they can capture whales and kill them both of these vessels were built with heavy hulls and were reinforced to work in ice known as the Coast Guard's Old Ironsides the 198 foot bear was constructed in Dundee Scotland built in 1874 the ship was sold to the US ten years later and would see decades of service with her tightly spaced reinforcing beams made of iron wood and metal bow plating she was far stronger than most ships in the water still she was not an ice breaker like the ship's before her at best the bear was ice resistant having neither the power nor strength to plow through ice the world would have to wait another 25 years for a ship that strong in 1899 the first true icebreaker was built the British ship her Mac purchased by the Russian government hosted engines powerful enough to produce 10,000 horsepower what better engines were only part of the equation the next major step for these mighty ships was in whole design the Kickapoo was a unique vessel she was built in 1921 and she was altered in 1926 what the Coast Guard did was to increase the length of the vessel and cut back the very bottom part of her bow which is called the forefoot and this particular design feature allows her to ride up over the ice and use the weight of the vessel to break the ice this is a very important advance in icebreaker technology because it is really a a design feature that allows the vessel not only to push its way through ice but actually to break ice the Northland commissioned in 1927 replaced the bear in the waters off Alaska despite having sails for emergency use the Northland incorporated the latest design features as well as a new power plant the recently developed diesel engine the United States was now producing strong and powerful ice breaking ships but their ability and importance would not be immediately recognized as is often the case the technology would have to wait for the world to catch up next the outbreak of World War two gives icebreakers a new global purpose in 1906 the famed polar explorer Roald Amundsen completed a three-year journey to become the first captain to sail through the elusive Northwest Passage modern icebreakers can traverse that same waterway connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans above Canada in less than three weeks icebreakers will return on modern marvels today icebreakers from around the world are regular visitors to the frozen poles the men of its these work as a team to keep all the Great Lakes open to shipping the US Coast Guard also looks to the skies for help because when breaking ice a straight line is not always the best route the age 65 dolphin helicopters lift ice advisors from the ships once aloft they relay course information back to the captains when they were on the bridge of the cutter you can only see so far being able to climb to a thousand of 2,000 feet we can give them a better idea where they should go to hit the open water it would be a much less arduous task than breaking through all the hard stuff they are eyes in the sky if we're working in a lake environment such as this we could be working a mile or two miles away from a great open water lien on Nellie but today the air crew has spotted an enormous ice sheet blocking the route under the Mackinac Bridge at the northern tip of Lake Huron the ice-breaking tug Katmai Bay has been called on to clear the potentially dangerous flow the ship was traveling through that area and happened to get stuck it is possible that that sheep could break loose and start carrying the ship with it anywhere it goes if the ship is stuck it's at the mercy of nature and the wind's blowing it to blow it onto a shoal or into some other hazard of navigation the bay class tugs are the most technologically sophisticated icebreakers on the Great Lakes but for this task brutal force and an experienced group or all that is necessary sometimes we find a pressure Ridge a large wind row that we are unable to just break through on the first time we have to employee a backing and ramming maneuver and we'll we'll take the ship and we'll back up in the track that we just established anywhere from two to three ship links and then we'll come ahead again and we'll use the backing ability of the ship to keep it in a straight as long as possible backing up in the ice can pose a problem for normal non ice breaking ships if a fragment were to jam the rudder the ship would turn out of control icebreakers like the Katmai Bay have rudders which are braced at both the top and bottom an underwater protrusion called an ice horn shields the rudder and helps the ship break ice when moving backwards windblown ice like that found under the Mackinac Bridge can stack and fold over on itself creating pressure ridges up to 20 feet thick the ship will have to back and RAM many times to get through this extremely tough ice fortunately the bake last ships have other weapons at their disposal whole lubrication or bubbler systems helps clear the ice from around the ships air is expelled through holes below the waterline the bubbles which are generated forced their way up through the ice causing it to weaken once the ship is broken through the pack ice especially designed bow and powerful propwash create wave action in the surrounding water the ripple effect causes the ice to flex and break apart the coast guard needs these technological tricks by the end of the season that is spent over 4,600 hours assisting more than 500 trapped ships any one of which could have become a financial disaster or worse a human tragedy but the icebreakers and their crews keep the waters safe one of the things that makes this such a they are the toughest chips in the water plowing headlong into one of nature's hardest obstacles they call the most desolate places on earth home as they keep ships safe and open the frozen reaches of the planet to scientific study now ice breakers on modern marvels ice one of nature's most formidable barriers in the channels and shipping routes of the world it can bring transportation to a dead stop this is the adversary of the ice breaker specially designed chips with reinforced hulls and massive power to shatter winters frozen domain wherever ice gets in the way of maritime commerce or scientific research ice breaking ships are called on to open the way they do this by grooming channels creating lanes through which ships follow other times they get up close and personal by winching the bow of a beset vessel into a specially designed had it not and using the power of both ships to force through the frozen hard pack it is late January on the Great Lakes a smooth undisturbed layer of white covers the entire landscape at this time of year it is difficult to tell where the shore ends and the water begins on Lake Huron the ice is usually only two feet thick but the wind can cause the ice to pile up on itself forming a pressure ridge many times thicker shipped goods are imperative for the Great Lakes communities and ships carrying these Goods must make their way through this ice Detroit alone needs 65,000 tonnes of fuel oil every day much of which will be transported by barge the 290 foot US Coast Guard Cutter Mackinac has been charged with keeping these supply lines open with her reinforced hull spoon-shaped bow and mighty 10,000 horsepower diesel electric engines the Mackinaw has been designed for one purpose ice-breaking the US Coast Guard Cutter Mackinac is a unique one-of-a-kind icebreaker it was built in 1944 during the war and it was built in a response to essentially help move the iron ore that was needed to do the ship construction for the war effort as the oldest icebreaker on the Great Lakes her tenure has made her one of the most famous ships in these waters in nearly 60 years of service the Mackinaw has seen many renovations great ship is the crew they're the ones that do all the hard work without a doubt they're there they're a bunch of can-do coasties for icebreakers the Great Lakes are a microcosm the same scenario plays out with hundreds of ships all over the world where people in cold climates depend on shipping icebreakers are there to clear the way next the combination of economics and polar exploration force early shipbuilders and Mariners to push the boundaries and risk their lives the cutter Mackinac stroll on the Great Lakes was considered to be so important that she was designed to never leave she was purposely built too large to pass through the existing locks leading to the ocean ice breakers will return the ice breaker has changed the way ships navigate the waterways of the world modern ice breakers can smash through 10-foot thick ice sheets without stopping but for early wooden wind powered ships the best way to deal with ice was not to be in the water prioritized breakers the countries that had major ice problems would have to just stop all operations in that area they would have to move their shipping out of the area just because they would be caught and crushed in the ice lightly built wind powered ships were no match for a frozen waterway that would begin to change with the perfection of the steam engine by James Watt in the late 1700s and the subsequent creation of steam-powered ships but they were still problems in the 1830s and 40s when you begin to have steam powered vessels even they were too underpowered to punch their way through ice most of these vessels still had sail and even the combination of both were too underpowered captains who blundered into heavy ice had few options depending on the atmospheric conditions the ships could be trapped until a fall or mercilessly crushed the crews would toil to free their ships with sledgehammers or anything else they could find to stave off the encroaching freeze the other things they could do was put a anchor out on that ice and then using the ship's captain winch ourselves forward so there really wasn't much you could do and probably the best illustration of this is what happened to Ernest Shackleton and the Antarctic his ship was Trapp drifted for many miles eventually the ice crushed it still many Mariners remained undaunted particularly those who stood to make a great deal of money hunting whales and seals near the frozen polls in 1870s or 1880s whaling and sealing became a fairly good business therefore we had to start getting more strengthen ships for this and they started to put better framing and the ships and strengthen them on outside of the ship also the united states first real foray into ice breaking came with the purchase of the alaska territory in 1867 the federal government charged the Revenue Cutter service later to become the US Coast Guard with regular missions to the region the ships of the Bering Sea patrol would set sail in the spring from Seattle heading north as the ice melted they would stop in native villages along the way the captains of those early cutters were the only government representatives in the territory part diplomat and part law enforcement they were both loved and feared by local inhabitants on the bridge ornate 1940s original equipment share space with modern radar and navigation instruments but what makes her truly remarkable as an icebreaker is a combination of strength and power well the Mackinaw like all icebreakers have special features that allow them to take on the the the massive forces of the ice one is the hull form which most of the ships now have a kind of a spoon bow and they look sort of like a football cut in half if you were to pull them out of the water the unique hull shape allows the ship to ride up on top of an ice sheet using the weight of the vessel to break through along with that hull form they also need very thick hull plating where it meets the ice and they also need a lot of structure behind the plating to reinforce against the ice an intricate array of steel girders form the ribs of the Mackinaw placed 16 inches apart they support and reinforce the 2 inch steel hull plating which is nearly twice the thickness of normal ships the additional strength comes with a price the Mackinaw displaces over five thousand tonnes fully loading moving a ship this size through the ice requires an enormous amount of power I'm far back now there are three main Headroom this is one of them it is the heart soul of the vessel we have six main diesel engines fairbanks-morse opposed-piston and they are coupled to a generator the generators provide electricity for both of the 5,000 horsepower propulsion motors which in turn spin the to ten point seven ton aft propellers the theis electric engine has been used on board icebreakers for quite a while and it's the preferred powerplant primarily because when the propeller goes through the ice it hits a large piece there's a shock down that propeller is transmitted back through the shaft the propeller shafts are spun by the powerful electric motors which utilize magnetic fields for propulsion as opposed to being directly attached to the diesel power plan which would require additional gears and mechanical linkages more to damage if a propeller were suddenly jammed in the ice the Mackinaw has other traits that make her at home in the ice on board tanks and pumps comprise a heel and trim system in 30 seconds over 100,000 gallons of water can be pumped from one side of the boat to the other the rapid shift in ballast causes the over seventy four foot wide ship to rock crushing the surrounding ice an additional propeller at the bow can also be employed by turning the water ahead of the vessel the propeller destabilizes the ice while washing the broken pieces from its path but the years of ice breaking have taken their toll and the mighty Mackinac is beginning to show her age because of her age is costing a lot of money to keep the Mackinac operational it also takes a lot of people on board to do the maintenance plans right now are to replace the ship with a new icebreaker that'll be multi mission in nature but until the replacement is built the Mackinac remains on patrol as long as there is ice in the water there is plenty of work to be done up to 16 merchant ships navigate the frozen waters of the Great Lakes and the Mackinaw cannot protect them all ten additional icebreakers share the duty to Canadian vessels three buoy tenders and five Bay clasp ice-breaking tugs

Manna – psilocybin mushroom inspired documentary – by Simon G. Powell



My latest psilocybin documentary:

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Nightcore – You Are The Reason (Switching Vocals) – (Lyrics)



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Subscribe: ✪ Discord: ✪ Song: You Are The Reason ✪ Original Artist(s): Calum Scott ✪ Cover Artist(s): Alicia Moffet, …

Dr Quantum – Double Slit Experiment



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Dr Quantum – Double Slit Experiment This clip is from: “What The Bleep Do We Know!?: Down The Rabbit Hole” and is used for educational purposes.

Windows 7 Wildlife Full Version….



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Windows 7 Wildlife Full Version. The sound track was the hardest to find, but we found it in the end. Your comments are most welcome .

Diana: Conspiracy Theories (FULL DOCUMENTARY)



Since the tragic death of Princess Diana, it has been claimed that there was an orchestrated criminal conspiracy to end the life of Diana, Princess of Wales. But could the British Royal family really be behind the murder of a lady who became an international icon? As Diana was thrust into the Monarch and the public spotlight, she helped change the public perception of the Royal family. She often struggled with a turbulent private life, which was made public to the world. We take an in depth look into the life and death of Lady Diana and ask questions as to why the ambulance took between 1 hour and 15 minutes and 1 hour and 40 minutes to get to the hospital in the middle of the night when normally it should take 11 minutes during rush hour. Why was the Mercedes s280 the only available car that night, which had previously been stolen and was found to have been missing the onboard computer chip which controls the acceleration, steering, speed and breaking of the car? With interviews and exclusive footage we delve into the conspiracy that has left the world wanting answers for years. This is Princess Diana…Conspiracy Theories.

Giant turtles vs vultures – BBC wildlife



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Want more natural history and wildlife videos? Visit the official BBC Earth channel:

BBC Earth
The BBC Earth YouTube channel is home to over 50 years-worth of the best animal videos from the BBC archive. With three new videos released every week there’s something for all nature loves from astounding animal behaviour to beautiful imagery. Click here to find our more:

See these amazing Amazon rainforest animals: turtles invaded by vultures. A chance to see footage of the largest fresh-water turtles in the world as they bury their eggs in the sand and are attacked by hungry Black-Headed Vultures. From the BBC.

for millions of years giant river turtles have been coming here to breed with their shells over one metre across they are the largest freshwater turtles in the world when the river is at its lowest thousands arrive on the beach to lay their eggs on the exposed sand banks and black vultures gather for this annual event the turtles have to time it to a tee before the waters rise again and cover the banks when they've finished the scavengers move in but enough eggs will stay hidden they'll hatch far quicker than any other species of turtle because before long the river will rise again and Flum the nest site waves are already breaking on the white sandy riverbanks the Amazon here is tidal the Atlantic starts to make its mark

Lynne McTaggart – Biology of Transformation – The Field



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Lynne McTaggart – is an award winning journalist and researcher. She was born in New Jersey, USA, and she graduated from Beninton college with a BA in …

The Chemical Brothers – Under Neon Lights (Official Audio)



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Explore more music from The Chemical Brothers The new album ‘Born In The Echoes’ is out now. Get it on iTunes …

The Chemical Brothers – Elektrobank (Official Music Video)



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Music video by The Chemical Brothers performing Elektrobank (2003 Digital Remaster).

Whitney Houston: The Greatest Love of All (FULL DOCUMENTARY)



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In this film we pay tribute to one of the most gripping rags to riches stories ever told. Whitney Elizabeth Houston first showed the vocal range and star quality that would soon make her a legend in music. We talk to those who were close to her, retrace her steps to stardom and revisit some of her most stunning performances. Whitney Houston was so much more than a performer she was blessing for all who were touched by her sound, gentle soul and kind spirit. She was truly the Greatest Love of All.

Freemasonry: Tracking the Code (FULL DOCUMENTARY)



Mention Freemasonry, the world over, and images of secret handshakes, ancient rituals and mysterious ceremonies will spring to most people’s minds. Left to the vivid imagination, fuelled by modern literary best- sellers like Dan Brown’s “The Da Vinci Code”, we all now look for hidden meanings in the documents of history, and Freemasonry with its fascinating symbolic imagery is a natural choice for the inquiring mind.

There was a time, and not so long ago, when it was almost impossible to find out anything about the Freemasons, unless of course you became one, but with advancing technology it’s possible to now successfully investigate the past of this elusive secret society. If unravelling a good mystery appeals, this program, literally follows the progress of Freemasonry from its earliest beginnings right up to the present day, will definitely be for you!

So, let the journey commence in a place and time when the stonemasons of the great Cathedrals of Europe held all the secrets. Discover how the mysteries of the Great Temple of Solomon from the Bible influenced growing interest in Freemasonry and then join the Founding Fathers of America to see the craft of the Mason evolve in a New World for a New Age. You’ll even get to enter the Inner Temple of one of the most magnificent Masonic Lodges in the world, and although you may not uncover every secret of the Freemasons, you can guarantee you’ll end up knowing a great deal more than when you started “Tracking the Code”.

Unity (FULL DOCUMENTARY)



100 celebrities narrate this enlightening documentary that re-examines the interconnectedness of all life on Earth, ponders our place in the universe, while taking viewers on an epic journey through the history of civilization and beyond. In this compassionate and inspiring film, your heart and mind are taken on a rollercoaster ride that is inspiring, horrifying and enlightening all at once, the perfect balance between light and shadow. UNITY is a powerful and unique film about being kind to each other, to ourselves and to all the beings on this beautiful planet.

[Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Laughter] think of now what the universe is space and outerspace a coagulation that becomes a nebula and out of the nebula millions of galaxies and out of this constellation of galaxies comes forth our home galaxy the Milky Way a group of some 400 billion stars orbiting a galactic center and authors 400 billion stars the one orbiting star that is closest to us is the Sun and planets orbit around it and among those planets is our which like the Sun and all the galaxies also came out of that nebula and our particular planet was not too far from this Sun and not too close not too hard or too cold so then out of this earth of ours have come for nur and flora and bacteria and fish and lions and lamps and if this girl have come as the eyes in the years and a consciousness and the breathing of the earth itself as its children and since the earth came out of space is it any wonder that the laws of space live in as when Galileo recognized that the law of ballistics on this earth operates on other planets he began something that came to fulfillment in fruition in our moon walks because when the astronauts were asked after going around the moon who navigated they answered Newton how is it that we can ascertain something here with absolute certainty something that pertains over there the laws of time and space were precisely known to man as are the laws within our own heads they are already in us because we all come from the same galaxy the same nebula the same universe okay so we reached the point why do we see opposites and one another why is there any division whatsoever we all exist in the same atmosphere why event to receptor a and distinguished [Applause] in Maine we are earthly for we are human animal three not the same but equal just consider the root of the word universe uni equals one as in Unite union unanimous and verse equals turn or change as in reverse or versatile therefore the word universe quite literally means Oh turn as Carl Sagan and Andrew Ian wrote the creatures with which we are concerned namely us were not so long ago noisy quarrelsome clever tool-using with prolonged childhoods and tender regard for their young one thing led to another and in a twinkling their descendants had multiplied all over the planet killed off all their rivals devised the world transforming technologies imposed a mortal danger to themselves and to many other beings with whom they share their small it is a common trait we primitive organisms seem to share a weakness for territoriality which not only prevents man's understanding of their fellow Earthlings their fellow beings but of the cosmos which we are only a fraction of a part it's easy to think of us as isolated from the cosmos a self-sufficient world minding its own business but all cannot be understood if we imagine the earth hermetically sealed from the rest of the universe with only a little sunlight trickling in from the outside out there and down here are not separate compartments the sky and the earth are one each of us is a tiny being permitted to ride on the out on the skin of one of the small planets in this solar system and only for a few dozen trips around our local star which means we each inhabit of frightening the shadows of environmental clemency however because we are such primitive organisms always striving against each other for power and supremacy we conquer in order to maintain a few more inches on which to stand triumphant but in a universe beyond measure due to this territoriality we also streamline the destinies of weak Earthlings into extinction or ruin and then have the audacity to claim their chosen patch on the surface of the sphere as our own if only for a brief period of time the longest-lived organisms on earth endure for about a millionth of the age of our planet we blood we are fleeting transitional characters and our tiny fragile world is lost in a cosmic ocean vastly beyond our most courageous imaginings so despite all our posturing or our imagined self-importance self-congratulatory chauvinism clearly we as human beings have not been given the lead in this rather epic cosmic drama perhaps someone else has perhaps no one else has in either case we have a good reason for Humanity if we were randomly inserted into the cosmos the chance that we would find ourselves on or near a planet would be less than one in a billion trillion trillion that's a one followed by 33 zeroes in everyday life such odds are called compelling worlds of precious can we be trusted with our own future are we capable if need be a fundamental change are we wise enough to know what changes to make can we alter our character can we improve our societies and find another way to be alive or are we too entrenched in traditions for it is here and only here on this little patch of raw Mother Earth that we are in some pain and with no guarantees working out our destiny the whole universe is a manifestation of energy which we now know from our Adam we are such energy we are made up of atoms and the atom emerges as a complete replica of the energy structure in all forms of life cosmic planetary human minimum vegetable and that's such all living things are not just a chemical reaction but an energetic charge a collie sense of energy in a field of energy connected to every other thing in the world this is the totality of our human experience of being incarnate of life in the cosmos mind body heart and soul but because human beings are so preoccupied by an externalization of life by appearances by the material and the individual a sort of blindness perpetuates we are obscured by possession possession of the moment possession of the material and of the ego even though as Dante said what a mockery is made of this brief battle for possessions that makes her so short a life and the disagreements that arise only lead to our breakup and ultimately the rupture of humanity conclusion suffering so it is precisely because we are so preoccupied by this external ization it me shall begin from the outside and work our way in we are living in an age nietzsche called a period of comparisons they used to be horizons that kept people apart vast distances the technology has overcome all that so today we live in an age of comparisons the distances in a physical world have been replaced by distances in the mind the world is a projection of the ego and what we see as human tragedy is the effect of all those egos the consequences of which we experience collectively as society the great Hindu sage Sri Ramana called our persona the apparent act this persona is essentially the mask or appearance one projects to the world basically it's the ego whose function is to separate to divide into classes to create duality for the ego idea is to be a sole ideal it's all about me how can I win how can I dominate how can i impress how can I be the best but at the expense of what this is why everything we see is the result of our thoughts you think you think them and so you think you see them you know well then is the course of the outer world therefore in order to surrender lady come in find which way peace of mind we have to have neutral box [Applause] there are times when this world appears on the brink of degenerating into massacre somehow the population has adopted a great apathy we see an increased apathy towards suffering human and animal alike by definition apathy reflects a lack of interest in things one does not consider important but where did this apathy come free it's as if society is growing numb oblivious to any quality blinded by ego by gain and yet the gain of what the gain of objects the gain of lines on a map human beings are so selfish they will kill others for money of course for any kind of day that's a pretty common to value money over life in fact the ego often prizes this species we call money over humanity over all expressions of life how can we answer to our conscience time is so temporary so independent nothing material interiors because only a few years of existence separate birth from death so this is a reality that won't last therefore there's no such thing as fame and fortune and power over others selling out integrity for power over others is an error you're sacrificing it all for an illusion clearly there's within the human which is almost reptilian those who wanting Li kill others for the fun of killing that hasn't been eliminated and still expresses itself quite strongly in some people so it miss humankind in this state as pieces unto themselves is heartbreaking it's heartbreaking because their hearts are broken all strangers to the truth and yet ironically all strangers of the same blood human if humans in the physical sense are all strangers of the same blood then on the purely molecular level how tragically senseless or absurd and futile as war the war of being against being the idea of countries or superpowers willing to wipe out all human life at one point or another in history because of political differences and they do it all over the planet century after century each one the jealous rival of the next mankind has been at war for 95% of recorded history how many times do we have to die in war before we realize how absurd it is the sheer irony our political leaders on both sides were seriously prepared to incinerate millions of people which have some misguided sense of national interest when they were planning the mega bomb the idea was if they lost the war they would destroy all of human life actually mega is a fitting term because that's what we also call megalomania that's the sadistic nature of the super-ego power and money and control one succumbs to the glamour of all we're one of the great Sadducees is glam the glamour of success the glamour of prestige megalomaniacs have no common sense they do a maniacs don't care if their entire country gets wiped out that's the degree of insanity megalomania you might say is the extreme opposite of what divinity would be they almost hate humans heed humanity why hadn't we put our trust in such leaders such dictators the Wars being waged now will seem as meaningless to people a hundred years from now as the theological complex of the Middle Ages appear to us today but when will human beings grasp this concept what generation will come forth and mark the turning point of all civilizations by eliminating war from this planet this very notion of war must end if we are to evolve any closer to enlightenment awareness consciousness and unity for this reason Wars once and for all must become a thing of the past and only that for even their how they pockmark human history therefore our desires should be to never experience war again 19th century civilians couldn't possibly fathom the wars to come in the 20th century where in millions would die a very high price to pay but for us now in the 21st century we can only look back sombrely and acknowledge it has already been paid oh if only we could go back in time and somehow warn our 19th century ancestors of the wars ahead a terrible war to come which wars vegas against whom when speaking of human history we recount the rise and fall of Nations and ideas or as historians will and Ariel Durant surmised we tell sad stories of the death of kings is it possible that after all human history has no sense but it teaches us nothing and that the immense past was only the weary rehearsal of the mistakes that the future is destined to make on a larger stage in scale it's almost as if in our struggles for power you're actually confronted by the threat of peace why can't we seem to share power peacefully and get back to the basic things that matter sadly too often the only thing we do share is our distrust of one another during the mutiny on the bounty Fletcher Christian hoped to avert disaster beseeching his crew by saying we have only to persuade society of something they already know that inhumanity is its poorest servant what else is there to be served by war this wind of destruction her soldier and civilian alike the sight of war its bloodshed death and destruction is a shock from which we recover only slowly a federal war is not neutral and does not permit us to remain neutral whomever sees war quakes mysteriously shaken to the core war has been part of civilization for so long it's like a creature with some dark origin we cannot fathom it is as though the framework of war itself sees and here's the mechanism understands as its own will in the hideous nightmare it projects across the soul the awful apparition of war fuses with its terrible world war is the accomplice of the executioner it devours its flesh and drinks blood war is a sort of monster created by judges politicians generals and civilians a specter that seems to live with an unspeakable biology drawn from all the death it has rocked over the centuries those were Victor Hugo's words paraphrased when writing of the battle at Waterloo but they seem applicable to any war and also betray irrelevance years ahead of their time high with all our technology and wisdom are our religions our 12-step programs and self-help books why are we still such savages irena all earthlings each and every one of us energy bodies and as for the human race all connected by the same human blood and therefore all kin there is a level of consciousness which we all share in so much as we all share a human body and with the dogs and cats and mammals and vertebrae because we all share in Hanuma body [Applause] by then we will share the same impulses than animals to speak to reconnection the regression and winning through for they are also clinging to life beginning building nests sometimes life is monstrous and there's often a sense of horror what is it the light it does it has to kill any other life an eternal treadmill of living by killing the whole world is involved in slaughter in bloodshed and we have all been part of a vast interlocking murdering machine and the slain were left to rot and give their blood here in the mustard a son as Henry Miller stated it only indicates our persistence in the primitiveness of self-interest so what can we hope from this canon of life this killing of kin men still tear one another to pieces humanity against humanity for the sake of humanity what logic is there in this living by killing how can we care for power pleasure our own lives even when all these others kinsmen civilians unions and birthdays must perish how can we dare spill the blood that unites us the destruction of war impacts all life human animal train war is the ultimate collapse of unity for in our efforts to defend the rights of some we assault the rights of others this has been the formula throughout the history of man the arc of human history is long lamented dr. King but it bends towards justice indeed to look back the history of human rights is a long unbroken line here the most frightful vengeful massacres have been perpetrated again and again throughout the endless bloody past of man at first there were no rights human or otherwise if you were in with the right crowd he was safe but if you weren't then you weren't until a man named Cyrus the Great decided to change all that after conquering babylon he did something completely revolutionary he announced that all slaves were free to go he also said people had the freedom to choose their religion no matter what crowd they were a part of they documented these words on a clay tablet known as the Cyrus cylinder and that was the birth of human rights the idea spread quickly to Greece to India and eventually to Rome they noticed that people naturally follow certain laws even if they weren't told to they called this natural law but it kept getting trampled by those in power not until a thousand years later in England did a king agree that no one can over all the rights of the people but even the king people's rights were finally recognized and they were now safe from those in power almost still required a group of British rebels declaring their independence before the king realized that all men are created equal this isn't to say he liked the idea but he couldn't stop them thus America was born the fruit immediately fought with their own revolution for their own rights their list was even longer and they insisted that these rights weren't just made up they were natural the Roman concept of natural law had become natural rights unfortunately not everyone agreed in France a general named Napoleon decided to overthrow the new French democracy and crowned himself Emperor he almost succeeded but the countries of Europe joined forces and defeated him human rights were again recognized and they drew up international agreements broadly granting many rights across Europe but only across Europe somehow the rest of the world still didn't qualify instead they were invaded conquered and consumed by Europe's massive empires until like Cyrus the Great a young man from India decided to change all that – his name was Mahatma Gandhi and in the face of violence he insisted that all people of Earth had rights not just a mirror eventually even Europeans started to agree but this was not easy team World Wars or object Hitler exterminated half the Jewish population of Earth in horrifying Nazi death camps all told London new people died never had human rights being so terrifyingly close to extinction and never had the world been more desperate for change accordingly the countries of earth banded together and formed the United Nations their basic purpose was to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights in the dignity and worth of the human person but what were these human rights were they the proclamations of Cyrus the natural laws of Rome the declarations of France everyone seemed to have a slightly different idea of what human rights should be however under the supervision of Eleanor Roosevelt they finally agreed on a set of Rights that applied to absolutely everyone the Universal Declaration of Human Rights the French concept of natural rights had finally become human rights first only the fortunate ones had any rights until one person decided that other people should have rights as well except not everyone agreed and it took a few thousand years of fighting and declarations and war fighting until everyone who finally concluded that human rights should apply to all and one would think they all lived happily ever after except for one problem if people have the right to food and shelter why are 16,000 children dying of starvation every day one every five seconds if people have freedom of speech why are thousands in prison for speaking their minds the people have the right to education why are over a billion adults unable to read if slavery has truly been abolished why are 27 million people still enslaved today the fact is when it was signed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights did not have the force of law it was optional and despite many more documents conventions treaties and laws it's still a little more than words on a page so the question is who will make those words a reality when dr. King marched for racial equality he was marching for rights that had been guaranteed by the United Nations for almost two decades but still he marched when Nelson Mandela stood up for social justice in the 1990s his country had already agreed to abolish such discrimination for nearly 40 years but still he fought those who fight today Against Torture poverty and discrimination are not Giants or superheroes they're people kids mothers fathers and teachers they have free-thinking individuals who refused to be silent who realized that human rights are not a history lesson they're not words on a page as Eleanor Roosevelt said we're after all do universal human rights begin in small places close to home throughout human history whenever there's a growing concern about rights natural rights women's rights civil equal animal environmental the right to life the right to choose and so on it's because of a growing concern about oppression and Dominion adieu to the pridefulness viga which wants to be better than another but all that exists loves its life and just wants to be when you look in the eyes of another being you can see that it loves its life that it is that it knows that others are you can see that it loves its life to the same degree that you love yours so we may think of ourselves as Eagles on this planet but actually we are all just a part of this Universal process this Christmas of which we are all good morsels the earth is an energy system every drop has microscopic life in it except we who live on earth present and not provide with our own inner source of energy so we are energy dependent and have to constantly acquire each of us has built in a mysterious way a human body out of a couple of little cells in our mother's womb but this is not something we do consciously and these bodies have complex organs specifically directed towards certain aims and intentions yet none of these are designed by our reason our ego or our consciousness furthermore none of these organs even ask consciousness but they are functioning for a paint job of consciousness rather to discover what this body is all about consciousness as we know it typically comes much later in life and as other notions of how things ought to be what virtue is and so forth that is the meaning of being incarnate consciousness embodied in flesh so then how should we nourish these bodies encircling our consciousness well for starters we know that we are what we eat when it comes to nutrition we now know that everything you eat and drink has an effect on your mind and body to state the startling fact right off it is almost an accepted consequence of modern life that we will succumb to some type of degenerative illness sooner than we would expect that's the Karma of protoplasm everyone wants to have more energy of course but one particular function of the human body demands a great deal of energy and that is the digestion of food as Harvey Dimon outlines we need to understand the effect food has on the length and quality of one's life and inform people how to eliminate the cause of their health problems rather than constantly battle the effects of violating these natural laws that govern our bodies simply put any food the body can't use becomes toxic and becomes waste isn't it interesting that we eat in such a way as to not cleanse but pollute our bodies we actually in such a way as to clog them that's why there are so many heart bypass operations per year because people's arteries are so claw just consider all the moons have you ever seen a fat tiger or Impala in the wild have you ever seen animals in nature that have lost their teeth and used false teeth to eat will have hearing aids to hear all have glasses so they can see we're wearing toupees because they went bold or have pacemakers to make their hot spot or dialysis machines for their kidneys have you ever heard of a million animals in a year dying of heart disease or cancer or strokes or diabetes animals in nature are magnificently healthy in comparison to the health that we humans experience the bodies are not clocked and they're not overweight that is why they experience the state of physical health much superior ours since meat is generally thought to be the most ideal source of protein think of some of the strongest animals on the planet elephants oxen horses mules camels water buffalo and what do they beef you matter grass and fruit all nutritive material is formed in the plant kingdom that is why all the animals of strength particularly those whose strength we harness have all the protein they need and as such it's far more important for us to think in terms of how much fruit or vegetables you're going to eat during the day than how much protein but here's the real truth because we eat animals they end up killing us after we've killed them in essence the human loses he lose this when he wins he dies when he kills the heart is at the center of it all there for heart disease points to what food as the culprit food that cannot be eliminated so on one hand we have food industries and even government's claiming the benefits of eating meat and on the other we have our common sense finding that point of view very hard to swallow literally one could even argue as humans do all they can to actually make me look more like fruit we alter its texture change its shape sweeten it make it smoother rounder we even reintroduce smells of the earth back into the meat by seizing it with herbs all of which come from plants the same could even be said for the processing of dairy products all mammals take milk from their mothers during infancy but then they are weaned and spend the remainder of their lives sustained where other foods nature dictates that we are to be weaned at an early age humans however are the only species on earth who continue drinking milk after infancy and much stranger still is that we don't drink our own milk but rather the milk of another species we much prefer drinking cow's milk even though it's intended for baby cows like humans cows only produce milk when they have babies but to us the babies are byproducts millions and millions of them each year and we don't want all those babies so we take their mother's milk for ourselves and all the baby calves are killed if not used to make more milk this is how one affects the other [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] so what does compassion for animals have to do with being conscious or being loving such compassion actually crosses species lines that's because consciousness is when we feel the suffering of every creature in our own hearts that is our relationship to the harmony of being is awakening so this is why the question of consciousness is being raised in how we feed the body Joseph Campbell taught that the primal image of life is all too often this massive consuming monster which would not even be here if it were not consuming life or to put it another way relying on death living or killing if the definition of incarnate is consciousness embodied in flesh then as protoplasm are we not here to evolve beyond the primal functional Leonardo da Vinci stated the time will come when men shall look upon the murder of animals as they now know the murder of men that was 500 years ago henry david thoreau suggested that it is part of the destiny of the human race in its gradual improvement to live off eating animals as surely as the savage tribes have left off eating each other that was 150 years ago Martin Luther King jr. expressed that one day the absurdity of the almost universal belief and the slavery of other animals will be palpable we shall then have discovered our souls and become worthier for sharing this planet and that was less than 50 years ago and so we must reconcile consciousness to this rather monstrous self consuming thing not remain on the primitive level indefinitely this is what we call metamorphosis this is how we evolved beyond the ones primal image of life we're in livin by killing is transformed and to living by loving living by loving may be the ultimate solution to all of humankind's difficulties problems confusion in English Krishnamurthy discloses that most of us want the security of loving and being loved but what is love everybody talks of love every magazine and newspaper and every missionary talks of everlasting love I love my country I love my king I love some work I love that amount I love pleasure I love my wife I love God is love an idea the church has defined it in one way society in other adoring someone sleeping with someone the emotional exchange the companionship is that what we mean by love can love be divided into the sacred and the profane the human and the divine or is there only love is love of the one and not of the many if I say I love you does that exclude the love of anyone else is love personal or impersonal moral or immoral family or non family all these questions indicate don't they that we have ideas Avella ideas about what it should or shouldn't be a pattern or a co-developed by the culture in which we live one might ask why is it that obscenity is always connected to sex instead of to war or even bigotry the government says go and kill for the love of your country religions there's give up sex for the love of God is that love is love desire for most of us it is desire this pleasure the pleasure that is derived through the species this belonging to another being psychologically nourished by another depending on another in all this there must always be anxiety fear jealousy guilt and so long as there is fear there is no love and so it love is not to do with pleasure and desire don't you know now what it really means to love somebody to love without hate without jealousy without anger without wanting to interfere with what he or she is doing or thinking without condemning without comparing where there is love is the comparison when you love someone with your entire mind with all your body with your entire being is there comparison to something else no because there is nothing else when you totally abandon yourself to that love there is not the other its non-dual it's unity really to care misty care as you would fir tree or plant watering it studying its needs the best soil threat looking after it with gentleness and tenderness the world is an educational institution and every preacher in it is trying to learn the lesson now what is the lesson to be learned the lesson to be learned is egolessness to quench eager to cancel the noise of I and mine this is my body these are my photos these are my words this is my country etc my my family my baby my religion all that ugliness it is all inside you in this torn desert world there is no love because pleasure and desire play the greatest roles yet without love your daily life has no meaning and you cannot have love if there is no beauty beauty is not something you see not a beautiful tree a beautiful picture a beautiful building on a beautiful moment there is beauty harmony when your heart and mind know what love is you can see all this happening inside yourself if you watch it you can see in a moment the whole structure and nature of this shoddy little thing called me when you see it with your heart not with your mind when you see it from the very bottom of your heart then you have the key that will end sorry so when you ask what love is you may be too frightened to see the answer that fear is not love dependence is not love jealousy is that love possessiveness and domination barn agua responsibility and duty are not well so pity is not love the agony of not being loved is not so if you can eliminate all these not by forcing them but by washing away as the rain washes the dust of many days from the leaf then perhaps you will come upon this strange flower which man always home this after to find this extraordinary thing the man is not in asleep through sacrifice through worship through relationship through sex through every form of pleasure and pain is only possible when thought comes to understand itself and comes naturally to an end after all the first separation is within our thoughts but is that cart Thole row at the heart of consciousness lies the transcendence of thought the newfound ability of rising above thought of realizing a dimension within ourselves that is infinitely more vast in law then love has no opposite then love has no conflict it means that you are not seeking not wanting not personally there is no Center at all then there is love and that's how you find it Krishnamurthy concluded by saying you know intellectually that the unity of humankind is essential and that love is the only way this is the universal principle love compassion out of many one after all what is the meaning in life if not to elevate her level of consciousness was it only to have a family to list one's accomplishments or seek advancement was there some enterprise we had sought to master was it only being success in the eyes of the world was it all a pursuit of fame killing ourselves for recognition are we only addicted to attention glory pleasure seeking was progress our only obsession consuming things are defining quality more capital more companies it's not that these things are wrong but what is the real meaning of life to be inherent breathing what is the average mortality table of human beings anyway 80 85 years so with all that getting get understanding because the only achievement we take with us when we die is our level of consciousness nothing else what does this vast and mysterious universe of ours have to do with the human struggle our conflicts our wars what does war for that matter have to do with what we consume normally what this consumption have to do with unconditional love and what does love in fact what does any of this really have to do with energy estates of higher consciousness our unity are these not separate issues separates pieces separate compartments are they all interrelated within the fabric of mortal life across the cosmic horizon space is expanding faster than the speed of light and though we come out of space out of the universe our physical lives are fleeting how can this be reason demands a better answer and that answer is given a life on Earth has only one end and purpose to identify our physical bodies with our energy bodies the physical self with the eternal staff that part of us which will never cease to exist it's as if life is a collage of all the things that ever existed and when it's our turn to go into the afterlife all that remains is this question what is the purpose of this existence is it mystery is it meaninglessness and upon reflection of our experience in this life between ego and consciousness what of this have we abandoned and what have we deepened what beyond all these experiences have we come to discover about ourselves about one another and in light of all this what difference has it made the sky is still blue a second to stove a second what changes occurred babies all come into this world with nothing and exude pure joy and their nothingness their totals math it's as if the essence of every creature is eternal joy they have no guile their thoughts are only neutral and similarly in old age we leave this world with nothing but this time hardened cynical or bitter and yet the sky remains blue and a second is still a second so what really changes over a lifetime there are two incontrovertible facets of life that all of us must come to accept sooner or later first the integration of our consciousness to physical existence or in other words birth and second the withdrawing of our consciousness from physical existence that is to say death but even though all our knowledge and experience may be limited to this material existence and only these five senses we can still not believe that what we truly are or all that we are is limited in the same way why do we have this conception of ourselves or something deeper within us that is non-biological immortal even spiritual and if so then this true spiritual nature emphasizes the underlining unity of all forms of life in essence it's the Golden Rule to do unto others define others and the answer is any expressions of life why is it that there's so many people even spiritual people are not convinced that all beings deserve moral consideration he wants to save the whales and the dolphins and the harp seals for instance cows chickens and pigs not so much why is any group of beings left out there can be only one reason perceptions and how does this perception not mirror itself in society these being denied that have empathy for if these beings you don't consider important would have papacy for instead yet this emotion we call compassion is a recognition that you and the other are one not separate such compassion may as well be regarded as scientific evidence that we are indeed spiritual beings on a deeper level beyond these five senses beyond the laws of biology beyond protoplasm and the awakening of that compassion for all expressions of life you might say however that is the second one the first is that me millions of people already striving for peace for equality to be the environment for the trees owpain for the sea for the DOS begins well things are pessimists already waiting see you reduce insulin acting consciously positivity reconnecting themselves with nature for universal responsibility realizing and recognizing that all turn into one into one nation on earth for we only have one earth even though we are consuming the resources equivalent to four Earth's every day so now we must ask ourselves why do we fight for boil water food money man climate the house religion resources ripeness consciousness ensues from Goodwin for the genuine welfare and happiness focus as opposed to viewing the world at large as a game seeking transaction it is to take thousands of years for humankind to develop but millenniums became centuries and centuries are becoming the Kanes this gives us food we are the universe and the nebula the galaxy and the solar system and the planet and the being and the atom one so we can transcend all these positionality x' and that is homo spiritus which we call a being with an advanced with full spiritual awareness this is the evolution of consciousness from the earliest forms of man the cro-magnon the Neanderthal homo erectus and eventually homo sapiens which due to the emergence of a frontal cortex literally translates as man the wise next is the evolution of consciousness from an animal brain to an etheric brain allowing for greater empathy and understanding it's a new branch of human evolution wherein the dragon ego that has kept mass more fearful as separate flows away we begin processing things differently than any of our hominid predecessors finally crossing over that critical line from destruction into construction this is the emergence of Homo spiritus the awakened man the highest levels of consciousness achievable in physical form in short is compassion no duality and so there must be something up divinity but then each be something infinite and energy consciousness so then what are we really questing for beyond territoriality it is the fulfillment of what is potential in ourselves our true selves it is not an ego trip there is nothing you've been doing but just more info and be fulfilled you become a sign you become a signal and it has nothing to do with your persona or the mask that society puts upon him mortal life there is a metamorphosis the transition from the object to the angelic from the wretched to the divine therefore we show kindness and sympathy to all living things and all sentient beings each of us is a vehicle through which consciousness operates and not only are each of us such instruments but even the animals and trees are there is consciousness there there is sensitivity there you can see a plant turn towards the Sun all by itself that is a manifestation of consciousness and so how does one put one's mind into a state of identity with this consciousness we've simply got to evolve beyond any act that involves the destruction of no more War no more racism no more sexism no more speciesism no more opposite intensities what we really need is to gather all the different tribes and cross over into each other's realms and then do away with the tribes all together because when all of our as one there will no longer be a need for tribes no longer a need for organizations organizations for groups and groups create for us and parts are not unity because old causality old theology all science or religion Estela in the dualistic frame of mind if God is indeed infinite then spiritual reality means there is new holy land or promised land no geological favoritism no Bodhi tree or Mecca or Jerusalem or Vatican or thought lake city no group outside of which there is no salvation no special races cultures were chosen people this separation from wholeness is the only lab in this world of ours the universe is there here all around us it is in being it is in process and we in all our disequilibrium are learning to accord with this process to have compassion for all that lives to suffer the sorrow of every creature within our own hearts [Applause] harmonious relationships come from compassion with suffering and understanding of the other being in whatever form they have taken in this life the spectrum of life on this planet is mounted cuteness and so we must evolve beyond separation based on form be on perceiving offices beyond dualities and the primal image of life remember the very definition of universe means all turned into one that is why we call it metamorphosis the child becomes the parent pa corn becomes the my dear the caterpillar becomes the butterfly and the primal human being becomes enlightened so instead of a limited race a universal limitless all we must go beyond these pairs of opposites as we evolved closer and closer to home as spiritus we become attracted to that which has been 9 we increase in sensitivity we think a kind thought for all the world because unity is compassion for all things is the more powerful level of consciousness because one's conscious level is more consistent with every expression humanity is more than a unity it is a complete unit and combined with all conscious life all Earthlings all beings it is a great unit no one involved or one unit can be separated from a common human animal Oh tree not the same [Applause] you you

The History & Art of the Geisha (FULL DOCUMENTARY)



Mention Geisha and a hundred and one images of beautiful young Japanese women, dressed in the traditional Kimono, will immediately spring to mind. However, in western society the history and art of the Geisha is shrouded in mystery and fraught with controversy. Even well researched Hollywood movies on the subject have faced cultural obstacles, and the Geisha code of silence has proved to be equally as inscrutable as these remarkable women themselves. This fascinating exploration of the Geisha will take you on an enlightening journey of discovery into the secret world of Japanese society. Uncover the origins of the Geisha, who in the first instance were all male, and follow their evolution through to the 21st Century. Let the ancient traditions of Japan open your mind to a more elegant and genteel way of life, which values all the Arts, in every form, and the frequently overlooked skills of polite conversation. Step back in time to an age of tradition and culture, normally hidden from public view that has preserved the art of the Geisha for all eternity.

Cam Zink: Reach For The Sky (FULL DOCUMENTARY)



Danger. Reward. Adrenaline. Freeride mountain biking is synonymous with pushing the known boundaries of the sport. Cam Zink sits atop the Freeride world having won its most coveted titles, the Red Bull Rampage, Crankworx Slopestyle, and the Freeride World Tour, yet those accolades have not come without a physical price. He has transcended cycling media, and his super-human feats have become broadcast television and Internet sensations. “Reach For The Sky” takes a dramatic behind-the-scenes look into Cam Zink’s life, with the story bookended by 2013 and 2014 Red Bull Rampage campaigns in Virgin, Utah. Plus, features a one-of-a-kind portrayal of his world-record- breaking 100-foot backflip attempt at Mammoth Mountain—showcasing 100% never-before-seen footage. The movie explores the fascinating life story of one of the sport’s most beloved and diverse athletes, but also delves into the multi-layered psychological elements of physical punishment and self-doubt, to uncover why Zink perseveres through the adversity—even when all odds are against him.

"George Washington" Epic Historical 1984 Mini-Series – Part 1



Views:200234|Rating:4.66|View Time:2:31:20Minutes|Likes:1433|Dislikes:103
Part 1 of 6

This is the premiere episode which first aired on April 8th, 1984.

“George Washington” is a normally hard-to-find CBS TV-miniseries, which originally aired in three parts and starring Barry Bostwick, Patty Duck Astin, David Dukes, Lloyd Bridges and Jaclyn Smith.

This miniseries covers the life of George Washington, from the time he is a young man of 11, through his experiences in the French and Indian War and his rise to lead the Continental Army during the American Revolution. It concludes shortly after the end of the war, with Washington’s return to his home in Mount Vernon at the age of 51.

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[Applause] hang on and saber lunge keep the hand on dissa and up come straight through the show again lunch yes ed fairy pollen a volt Mullin a because behind yes there's a word of advice for a little brother the time comes for you to fight for king and country you avoid the provincials like the plague China regulars pay fiddles even the boots are better I wish you're my brother and not my half-brother I say all of used my brother so I am George i Agustin Washington being of sound mind and body to assert this to be my true will and testament to my eldest son Lawrence the first part of my first marriage I do hereby will and bequeath the farm and properties called Hunting Creek together with all slaves and perquisite s– that belong there to to my son Lawrence I also bequeath the iron ore mine along with all laborers machinery etc that belong there to Lawrence gets Hunting Creek agustin gets Pope's Creek neelu's fairy farm to you to the best the sons of a first wife the poorest place to my son Orin san agustin of the spawn of a wife long dead I am the living widow where was this consideration of me what share is that George very farm huh your brother not only gets the choice property inherits the quality neighbor's well that's one inheritance that do not begrudge him I would not take ten steps out of my way to nod good morning to any Fairfax off they pretend to be gracious enough but I know what they really thought of us if I never see the other Washington's again it'll be too soon miles and miles of miserable roads and what have we gained the rest of our days thanks to the greatest goodness we'll be a father gone to the paternal wrist you are not I want all of you children straight in bed there was no fuss because I have the migraine you sure have to ration the provisions from now on Sarah we do not return this evening any richer than we left this morning bastard George your mother wants you right now George would you rather be severe or soldier yes a soldier soldier indeed at least as a surveyor you could earn for the family you've always been good at mathematics maybe I'll be both so too who can draw a perfect maps and get paid twice you're getting paid now for any job this family needs money enough said George should make new friends he is a Washington Ram he can move in society it's time you saw Williamsburg I should admire to take it I like that but we are poor relations it's almost work work work the live long day tasting the city life is for those who live at hunting Creek which I now call Mount Vernon man in honor of Admiral Vernon under whom I searched Cartagena how interesting but you didn't come all this distance to tell us that actually I came to visit with my flesh and blood your father's flesh and blood and to extend an invitation to yourself man and my father's flesh and blood an invitation to a wedding and Fairfax and I to be married [Applause] someday pets you'll have a wedding like this already has enough fancy notions in her head without you putting one more there can't we just enjoy the day well Oh Washington's it all in one great luck I congratulate your life put it before Laura it's being good you're my stepson yes what it's all family Emma all family how are you judge I do well mr. Fairfax thank you sir I hear great reports of your horsemanship your brother your half-brother Lawrence cannot sing your praises too loudly oh you ride the hounds at profile there's very little of that sort of thing mr. Fairfax we've no time to waste really well then you must agree to ride with us George have you seen our stables no well they're worth a visit now if you'll excuse us you must stop – sir sir service it's too formal call me George no George and George will be hearing echoes tell me what my sister calls me which is will as christened George William are you sure of course more than friends no relatives so I may make a bold presumption if you do come to ride with us can you manage the correct boots and breeches for the Hun yes yes I can't they're not as grand as they have in the mother country sir will will friend can be found in Virginia to the manor born take this for not know you know London is amazing or just to see it makes you proud to be a Freeborn Englishman purchase this in England just before I sail for home [Applause] let's not strike your fancy I think I'm was scratching the surface of hidden desires just by that but in any case we shall have the boots over your first hunt no I could no no you can't refuse their gift from a relative unless of course they don't fit sit down well I can't believe it's actually happening father remember George Washington we as cars are young giant first less than family diplomacy might be better if we let father and the mass for the Fox today you take a line tell you that much sir Isaac George where you going come back fathers good man George just a touch tapas he does know one thing though if you want to make your way in this world you must grab the coattails of an important man you think all this belongs to father doesn't belongs the Lord Thomas Fairfax a cousin my father is really his land Richard didn't know that the King bestowed about five million acres and what Thomas father sells off parcels to fatten his Lordships purse hoping praying that someday his lordship will bequeath us a million acres even this prized pound belongs to Uncle monarch you behave now you must make sure this arrogant gentle not terrorists chosen lady apart with it these Colonial Dames don't produce a litter with a nose for the Fox his lordship will have our heads you laugh welcome to Virginia lordship you brought glorious weather with you I trust the voyage over was not too terribly trying I despise the ocean William yes well everyone is anxious to be presented to you you remember George William a joy to see you again here sit and his good friend George Washington Your Lordship I am very pleased to be included in this and this is oh yes you'll want to refresh yourself before dining oh dear and and all the ladies are preparing as I understand it a feast fit for a king let them wait forgive me your lordship but if you insist in trying to please me William bring me my dogs these dogs the pack you bred for me I want to try them out now plants as well as you ride it might be best to let his lordship earn the masculine box a chorus father ladies forgive us ladies for our tardy arrival we stopped in the woods to bag your gift well all-in sundry Washington's well men well and working hard thank you well would you like a drink no thank you to food news go down judge for yourself my uncle true lord of the manor what's the survey of his property and organize an expedition of course I will and so are you he will thank me I'm specifically asked for that byung staliano rides like the wind to help Charlie's father's last expedition into the wilderness to the foot of the Shenandoah ma'am savage country no we shall meet savages you will do so without George mama it will be valuable experience for him men working with expert surveyors learning his trade in the field and sleeping in the field and freezing in the field far from the comforts of home or family risking life and limb to make free maps for milord Fairfax sir I would say no he will not go mrs. Washington nothing was said of free maps George will get paid for his work well paid how much a shilling a day [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] time to turn in lads first one the bed gets the softest straw will be along in a minute misting it is always exciting as you imagine anything I can get you a ring up reinforcements you had enough caleb quick oh yeah any bad who can stand and fight it's your last area you'll not find your way to where you want to go [Applause] [Applause] hey hey some of the dream on a Ledge fraud bottom and a warm heart that's better kingdom lift one with me but we don't know you sir Caleb quit guide and tracker at your shirt Ellen back well the Red Devils know that you've been and gone that's that's lightning in a glass I know I distill it myself we have to get out before dawn so it easier for creation hey Tamila that my heart's desire she said this your first ringerman come but you're seeing in the future to the future [Laughter] what did you do with yours as he did doubt I did one go one go what did you see in the future water ah I never knew it was so big so rich so green and untouched wherever we go I feel that we're the first to ever walk this land Indians are out here somewhere when will we see them best if we never do [Applause] well you all right it's my legs oh very good it is at below it's too late try smiling [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] sorry we'll start a new fashion in Williamsburg soft shoes the food makers will never forgive us [Applause] good hunting my friends until we meet again so many wonders I couldn't count them all and uh well of course there were the Indians Indians George saw Indians strange but impressive looking creatures with with bows and arrows and they really chop people's scalps off yes yeah can I try on your Indian shoes they're called moccasins Fairfax is that nature plays a trick on us it draws us further and further west by making it more and more beautiful I know that if ever I travel to the end of this land I'm sure I'll come to paradise and you'll know you're dead and buried you are all supposed to be in bed instead of listening to foolish notions about exploring the wilds and looking for paradise which no doubt also belongs to the Fairfax's tomorrow I want more work and less talk that goes for you too George so much for paradise [Applause] sir fellow member a damned singular honor or two of one family to be elected to the House of Burgesses will and Lawrence can't say I approve the politicians girl found them rather dull cheese in the House of Lords but from the looks of you two you can't do much harm see that you don't we can but riled it's a long ride will yes George goodbye Ethel you will take care of my two ladies only if you promise to take care of that car properly and George you must come and see us in Williamsburg okay boss my heart a letter every day I shall perish alone in it George when you marry you must choose a wife who has all the right answers huh coz I did I do implore the ob9 Caesar to spread the great cloak of a big big metate morning morning uncle what are you gonna show me this morning George well sir I thought we might ride due west to the foothills of the Blue Ridge it's a portion of your property that you've never seen lead on Oh your book oh and George no dancing practice next week my father and I go to Williamsburg to see Lawrence and Will's yes and to meet a young lady named Sally Carrie we just received wills letter and he does nothing but rave about her beauty her charm her everything I would be surprised if he intends to marry her har will ya our will marriage it'll ruin the poor lad for the hunt [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] this is my good friend George Washington this is Lawrence's little brother George I've been hearing all this talk about Lauren sister brother I never expected such a handsome Johnny I'm very pleased to make your acquaintance little George not you'll call me Sally about ten of the secret portals and you home welcome to Bella [Applause] [Applause] what's happened he's been coughing up blood Georgian we're all petrified whatever fine is not don't let my dearest wife alarm you George so I just you see I will not go you will or I shall become sicker but to leave you I insist that's who disappoint father brother and new sister I shall rest all the while you were gone so go my dear take George in my place and pass the night away me you I ordered I'm a superior officer and I order you face the music George the next dance is mine isn't it oh no no Miss Sally Oh eat and dance with me no no no I only meant that I own you only made you're not sure I can keep up with you with those long legs Oh George don't give me a chance no I only meant that I I'm I meant I'm I'm a very bad dancer I really can't let you do – mr. Washington sir sister Ann says you're her best [Laughter] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] you are not clubs in my opinion you're very good what I'm saying no no I mean you must pay attention many young women will fancy you and you must learn what they'll be sitting with your thing Fran oh it has a language all its own that means follow me in other words she wants to be alone with you oh right hand open right hand draws it across forehead and eyes mean we're being watched no no not really [Laughter] no if she draws it across her cheek it means I love you and if she puts the fan to her lips I'd like to be kissed yeah you're ready to converse my family any temptress I had no idea there was a language I've kept you from the other guests things you have to know you must be just I enjoy your company but I'm like oh you must learn to appreciate what you are handsome and ready to devastate the ladies devastate them I've neglected my wonderful husband at all I'm very glad you're gonna get oh my precious salary isn't she beautiful yes very you've been Baris George oh it's the last thing I want to do to my very best friends pleasure mania but the pleasure is mine dance with all the prettiest ladies George now that you know the language of the family who knows what adventures a night [Applause] [Applause] there's nothing more you can do you've been at that bedside day and night hope them George you need fresh air well you come down with a very malady that now tortures your poor brother I'd hate to leave him even for a moment he gave so much of himself to me under very difficult circumstances when I was growing up you love him you can't die George [Applause] I'm sorry to lose your brother services like what now what is this is a recommendation from Lord Thomas Fairfax that I'd be appointed to succeed Lord says adjutant Virginia I've been a surveyor on the frontier sir and with the money earned I've purchased lands in the wilderness I know this country as well as any man and I am sure my brothers brother well you're in luck young man as you know I have decided to divide the colony into four separate military districts I might find it possible to appoint you adjutant of district for the smallest the K is a stipend of one hundred pounds a year and the rank of Major would it be possible governor to appoint me to district two it includes my own County of Fairfax it is also the largest is it I must say you have enough gold for someone twice your age I have a great many candidates for these posts each one older and more experienced – each one decorated in military service your only advantages your connections so I suggest you content yourself with district form yes congratulations major now I should like to consult with you upon a matter of great import the King of France not satisfied with the vast province of Canada as the site of the maker and trespass on British soil he sent soldiers in our territory thus flunking British sovereignty established by God and King they built forts trade with our Indians and otherwise encroach upon our sacred rights I have received orders from his gracious Majesty to send an emissary demanding that they depart before you recommend somewhat sir I think you should know that the French are a treacherous people this emissary will be in considerable danger yes sir but which is why I need someone who can travel hundreds of miles through unknown mountains as experienced with the Indians and is possessed of a heart a constitution you were about to recommend someone sir your description fits only me sir pleasure pleasure sir charge this is your interpreter for the bench jacob böhme from a pleasure sir this is my guide Caleb Quinn you know each other yeah well we spent an interesting evening in mr. Quinn's company always at your service gentlemen always at your service I got a little souvenir warmest on our trip mr. Washington you should be well taken care of I must leave you here Sally will worry if I'm not home by dusk thank you my friend [Applause] now a how do they Eucharist smart like you they're carrying the Kings best all it's an honor sir fool's errand more like it what's that supposed to be and yeah yeah tell me why at French comment dad has agents living with a bloody seventies by a Natori whisper British scalps have been lifted all along the frontier you're a cheerful fellow aren't you mr. Quint keep your left with mr. Washington last breath [Laughter] how do they know we were coming huh we've been watched every step of the way since we cross the Alleghenies now the French have eyes everywhere hmm I've called Indians I have brought this medic with me from Canada I am a grateful measure that you provide the opportunity to drink it salty your health coming up super about the life I have not only read a letter but I have sent it to my superior we are ready for now and envoy with a reply as to the contents is the matter of royal sovereignty that my young friend is the impasse new English says the territory belong to R or secondary French say it is a property of Duty Cannes my King desires that the French do not encroach on any land south of Canada and if we refuse to obey the order of your king then my governor would be empowered to drive you out by force if I do not to make idle threats young man I thought you not make idle threats sir I know my king and I do not involve his name Brutus me there you see this is how it begins perhaps we are striking the first blow this very room major you and I could be starting a war that summer that spread cut Mouser to measure this messenger arrived last night he figures they just let you shiver the wind to these good ray patrasche Urantia me John the commander awaits you we are not enemies yet here is the reply we do not find ourselves obliged to obey your king we have here to stay this territory is French vous voyez measure [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] sure you look like an Indian I can't tell you how good it is to see you again alive and with your hair on your head come come come you're also worried about you but after he plied me with a fine French wine I found some Pierre charming for a Frenchman George you back how many weeks months I should say did you see any Indians or those terrible Frenchmen Sally look at George has been telling us about the expedition go on George would you sit down well actually I have more vital news we are to fight the French fight yes if diplomacy will not get them out of the Ohio Valley we must drive them out Oh the House of Burgesses will fund a regiment of 300 men we hope to enlist Catawba and Cherokee Indians from the Carolinas three companies of British regulars will be sent from the other colonies Colonel Joshua fry is commanding officer and I am to be second-in-command my boy how extraordinary that your dream come true how proud Lawrence would be with what rank I am lieutenant colonel yes I've never seen a left-handed colonel blush George George's home good to see you again mother and happy home for the family about time you took care of your own instead of watching over Malloy and sovereign Empire I trust you're home for good this time well I'm sorry mother I'm to form an army to defend us against the friendship I leave tomorrow you cannot [Laughter] I'm looking forward to this hairs grow hey pretty uniform mr. man relations Koerner washing thank you very much you look thirsty come in hard journey huh yeah I got something for you mr. Washington good good no our mission is to strengthen the garrison on the Monongahela River but our commanding officer Colonel Frey hasn't arrived yet and he won't sir the word is that he's either sick or just got no stomach to fight the French so what's our first job commander hmm well if we are to push further into the wilderness I need more horses food pay for the men I write to Williamsburg to complain and I get nothing but silence and I need more fighting men where can we find them Indians my scouts report the French are sending presents by the wagon loads to all the Indians I've got nothing to counter with well I think we know a few Indians are still hate the French [Applause] hit the down arrow to bring to miss only two sentries on duty bless them in those tents fast asleep Frankie likes to snooze after he eats na come on get down [Applause] [Applause] John Washington has murdered an ambassador we attacked the French on all sides and after an engagement of several minutes we killed 10 and took 20 prisoners no state of war exists between England and France as a hot-tempered young colonel assumed the authority to start such a war by shooting French ambassador's sir so we allowed travel Washington to speak for himself these officers pretended they were coming on an embassy mission but as you will see by these instructions Washington has enclosed captured French papers which established that the party he attacked was in fact sent to spy on us do you realize what that means governor no matter what your Washington says he did kill an ambassador an ambassador and a spy you have no propose we can debate here in this room far removed from a battlefield but one Colonel Washington for that pause to consider in the fury British regulars are arriving [Applause] in Washington Captain James McKay His Majesty's regular company afoot here at the request of your Virginia governor and Burgesses welcome to Fort Necessity captain Makai I believe the first order of business is to provide cover for the men and rum for the commander perhaps it's not the King's Own but it'll do indeed to His Majesty King George the second hi who is sovereign Majesty now sir may I have your muster roll so I may see how many effectives I have to oppose the French captain this is my command I will see your muster I think not any regular officer ranks any provincial officer and I have been in command here for six months and I have been an officer in His Majesty's regular service for 18 years my commission comes directly from governor Dinwiddie and mine from the king himself by God is my king too sir and I resent your assumption that His Majesty's is contemptuous of us provincials as you regulars are cut I was scouting about four miles north of here when I spotted the Frenchies heading this way it's a lot of they got savages with a Duke but we'll make our stand here get them into it they're coming first if you won't fight him to be captain the coyote be obliged to have you fight with me too many of them and too few of us making tons of her long animal stranger it's gonna be a trap [Applause] [Applause] looking around [Applause] cuz they're not gonna stop they want to end this right now or sundown or the spirits come out on the grades [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] stand by soldiers stand fast situation is hopeless I suggest the last four terms surrender that is for you to decide sir it's not command sir they might want to offer our side the terms and I go out on the white flag when prompted internal girl [Applause] yes talk to the mr. Vadra they're accusing you of actually assassinated Yuma field and inciting the surrender you agreed with that the terms of the surrender our generous governor the French protected us from the Indians and we gave up the fort with full military honors didn't you understand the damn preamble obviously you and captain Makai slide without reading it Landrum had to translate sir we we did insist on certain changes a hundred of my men were either dead or wounded one word from the French commander in the Indians would have fallen on us I had to decide colonel the French had trick you into signing a confession of murder which means that you you alone Colonel Washington have given them the legal right to break the peace of declare war on us my conscience is clear sir in dealing with you and on the field of battle you're quite sure of that you weren't there governor how can you know what it was like what a sermon sir I will not stand for it and I will not stand for being treated as an incompetent provincial average of hordes to me young man I did what I thought had to be done no man can do more mr. Washington I am reorganizing our military forces they will no longer be a single regiment but ten independent companies you can have one of them if you so choose with a demotion of drank from Colonel – captain you sir have helped the French tie a string of pike raksin from the tail of the British lion which will stir a commotion in the houses of parliament and there sire for many years to come good day – sir but did what is not the last word charge we Fairfax's are not without influence in the Tidewater you know oh well if the governor thinks that he can protect the frontier with empty resolutions and broken promises untracked no words can describe the feelings will what it's like to lead men against an overwhelming enemy to see them slaughtered before your very eyes all my life I'd heard of the thrill of battle the glory and when I first heard the bullets whistle I thought there was something charming in the south but in the end it's nothing but blood won't it crying out it I've done the will good day mr. Fairfax how good of you to call my boy but I've missed our little talks while you've been off fighting the French and their savages as well I've missed our little talks too sir oh well what are your plans now that you've put the army behind you ah well I'm afraid the Army has put me behind it I've been attending my mother's Affairs she's well actress as well as mother ever can be it's clear to me now that she'll not hand over my inherited property as long as she lives so I must find a place of my own oh yes yes quite well if there's anything I can do to help yes yes sir there is as your daughter has remarried and moved into a new husband's plantation I would like to lease Mount Vernon for man if you will prove a property is all anyone can be certain of sir the rest is wind in the trees well put young man and I certainly can understand your hunger for land hungry that I had when I was your age but does this talk of non Verdun mini tomb give it up your dream of serving in His Majesty's regular forces well my military career is over I'm a farmer now and glad to be quite certain are there never more so then the house is yours George and what comes with it in exchange for 15,000 pounds of tobacco to be paid to an each year agreed it's agreed sir and if the good Lord see fit to take an first then you shall have clear title thank you sir it's what your dear brother wanted where he is my inconstant friend and what do you have to say for yourself sorry I'm sorry you're known for almost a week and you've made no effort to call itself oh well I sir have you been avoiding us I demand an answer on pain of instant embarrassment well I didn't want you to see the house till I finish my plan but I should have known that you'd wait for no man so enter madam if you insist oh I do oh dear poor joy living all by yourself Furniture this emptiness how can you stand it I have to have beautiful things to surround me well there's so much to do and it takes so long when you don't know that much about architecture uh I have helped with this English builders manual knife developed a good eye oh that sounds a modest doesn't it terribly they don't sir you can't give me a tour of what is then you must show me what will be [Applause] your brother Lawrence would have loved your plans for the gun I don't want to see it as formal as before you must keep the roses in George you must plant everlastings you know there's November flowers that it can be dried after the frost and brighten our world until spring what a lovely thought you've just designed your dream house and guard what about a dream lady what would you like it to be whispering soft and fair perhaps tall and dark-haired like your Sally oh no no and I like you you're one of a kind then I never find another tear George well welcome home I can't tell you how delighted I am it will no longer have to travel half the day to reach our door you'll dine with us tonight oh no really I have of course you will we have much to talk of every town in Williamsburg is wagging about the arrival of a Major General Edward Braddock with two regiments of British regulars Braddock you sail into Hampton Roads last week I wanna say Forrest of sales both low that the boatload of real British regulars it's a perfectly trained and disciplined they're amazing it much is one man March where the general has orders from the king to take Fort Duquesne my god it's about time that fort controls the frontier and once taken we can drive the French right back to Canada now far so interested George I thought you'd turn your back on a military career I want you with me you've already tangled with the French in the wilderness so I value your experience and advice governor Dinwiddie and I and yes yes I know all about that but you wouldn't be someone that I would want in my military family if you hadn't also tangled with the governor we soldiers must stick together hey yes sir but even the governor admitted that you're someone who will fight and not just diddle away your time cooped up in some frontier fort but there is the matter of rank sir rank I shall make you a civilian aid without rank colonel you'll get your orders directly from me and that way no one in the regulars will outrank you how does that strike you sir are you with us I would be honored to serve in your family General Braddock good good and the last field must be seated by the end of the month get the Frenchman cooperate by turning tail and leaving the Ohio to us I should return well before first party if there is a harvest George this drought a little brother don't even say it we must produce 15,000 pounds of tobacco or lease my lease I'd certainly don't have to be announced to my own son thank you just like your brother running after Mount Vernon at every opportunity mother jack and you enticing him to take care of your property while mind lies parts in the hellish Sun but I need a jack to finish the planting and to look after the house cows so dry we must squeeze them like bagpipes for a pitcher of milk and all you can do is steal away my John Agustin and hitch him to your plow George can teach me agriculture how when these hundreds of miles away in some godforsaken wilderness and who knows if you'll ever come back except in a box that we must put in the ground mama that's a terrible thing to say well it's true George how ungrateful you are for all the sacrifices that I've made for you when your father died I know I am grateful you're welcome to stay at Mount Vernon while I'm away if you insist I do well but I'll lose the light if I don't leave now Justin they're calling you with any problem that he might have my boy I'd feel hurt if you hadn't we're we're really family you know yes thank you I must be on my way goodbye Godspeed doesn't look we'll take good care of him and say goodbye to sallekhana because I don't know why she said they went running upstairs if you could wait but no I can't I must go you both hate to see you leave thank you for all that you've been to me George William and you to me to all of us Godspeed George you'd go without saying goodbye somehow I know and couldn't bear to be there when you told the others I heard everything from the top of the stairs why George my heart is not in agriculture I realize that down the bearing of arms can be my only life great events are afoot I mean to be a witness you prepared that little speech didn't you haven't really answered why you know why I don't you're being rude when you say that I do I enjoy your company too much it's wrong it's not fun we're friends nothing wrong I can't stay here any longer giorgia my father gave it to me now I give it to you I can't take it it won't bring you good fortune I know it will please keep it to that much very different the howitzers six ships cannon 14 six pounders to move all of this so we've been promised by the colonial governors 200 wagons and 2,500 horses has anyone to comment on our proposed tactics Colonel Washington you're top-heavy in ordnance sir transferring such heavy loads over 300 rugged miles across rivers and mountains could prove to be more difficult than any of us could imagine we thrive on difficulties don't we gentlemen yes sir I'm sure you're doing but to achieve victory here you may have to alter your tactics and what prey must we do well sir you and your officers are new to this country your success has been won on European battlefields in the time-honored way a frontal assault on an enemy Army in an open field siege of a French fort but sir in this campaign you'll be fighting Canadian French not continental one says the difference the Canadians General Braddock not only use Indians to fight but they've also learned Indian battle tactics such as harassment by small raiding parties forest skirmishes by men disguises to be almost invisible they strikin and they run invisible men who strike and run oh really sir British field tactics and firepower chase your invisible men into eternity precision and discipline young man that's how wars are won this could be a war like no other in history sir the Indians can be a fearful presence since they engage in such barbarity as lifting scalp wild talk is dangerous sir you will build these savages into so great a bogeyman that the common soldier will quicken his boots to face them yeah yeah very grateful to our Virginian friend for his opinions whether or not they prove instructive you have your orders gentlemen crawling with maggots we've received not a fraction of the surprise now half the wagons promises for those damnable Virginians I'd like to strangle that pack of scoundrels now sending is rotten beef Colonel Washington you kindly explain to me two of your ax men sir slain by Indians sex you know you don't want to see they've been scalped and why the bloody hell did you bring them here as if I haven't seen enough horror for one day but your orders were to last my orders you provincials either totally neglect you obey my orders all you obey them when I don't want them abate take them into the woods and bury them before my men start seeing hobgoblins behind every bush and Colonel Washington report to me the four officers mess I want to talk to you yes sir Oh sir I'm sorry to invade your privacy the Sentry said don't let this barren field embarrass you candle it'll soon be lawful groom again that wasn't angry to you to take a little bit at your Virginia politicians whose promises I admit you warned me my proof is elusive as your bloody French savages damn them all British soldiers ambushed and scalped but his horse his stolen promises broken and so I turned to my Seneca and as always find comfort fire is the test of gold adversity of strong men ever since we left Fort Cumberland this army has moved like tar in December at the rate we push our rolled every day we shan't reach for Duquesne before our bones be bleached by your damnable Virginia Sun yes sir no you have to say yes sir speak your mind I'd divide my army sir divide an army the French know where we are we're being watched every mile by their Indians I'd leave the bulk of my supplies wagons horses artillery behind to protect the road while a smaller unit of chosen men moves ahead to surprise the enemy albeit act itself dangerous policy can but wish you'll see when this campaign is over and we've driven the French back to Canada I propose to find a place for you and His Majesty's service which is agreeable to hear wishes thank you sir and there's something I'd like you to do now I want you to ride posthaste to the governor's palace and bring back 4000 pound sterling right pretty much to him yes sir the army [Applause] we'll Williamsburg to take solver to the dr. Benjamin Hill is it it's Colonel Washington man oh there's no need to come down mrs. Fairfax I'm on a mission for General Braddock but my horse could go no further Childers a bomb but I wrote it Belvoir hoping to borrow a mount from this day by I had no idea he'd been taken to a doctor which is exactly where you'll end up if you don't get out of those wet clothes your shaky I don't know why late already on casters yes you can in German Colonel I'll have no time well I'll write to Alexandria there's a public stable there you'll did no such thing sorry I can't stay dear a voice of command it's the first time I've heard it you should have duke our sturdiest horse Benjamin get me a cloak please John please I'll do just that he hasn't been ridden since I took him out on a weekend sir we should be well-rested which is what you should be before you ride on if you rest most of the day the storm will be over by the tiny awake I'm sure the general wouldn't mind he expects me as soon as possible a few new generals you know I have no choice but to ride now you must inform us of your safe arrival at camp yes if you wish you can write to me not directly of course but through my sister in Alexandria salia is it distance must be maintained between a married woman and a gentleman who is after all only a different that's what you like for me to bring it out colonel No thank you thank you John I'll take him out myself I tried not to come back I'm sorry you'll catch a chill I have a fire – warming you [Applause] I'm grateful for the horse bailout send it back as soon as I can keep him please until you return from the campaign I began to fear the savages have removed your top-notch brains washed out the bridges I got back as soon as I could hey they may be just what the man needs a touch of the fever banging headaches agony in the belly that sort of thing yes sir then you've earned the rest use my bed rest on a nip of herb tea the only cure Express rider just produce it thank you see that the paymaster gets teased for those damn pills I can rest in a wagon on the mark sir and have here bones rattled like dice but you need your bet sir colonel you're under orders sergeant this tent in this bed and not to be moved until this young man is nothing about now sleep in them auxiliary gym to the next incumbent I see that you've tracked down my friend Caleb Quinn with his help you'll be able to reach for to Cana not much more than a week I must be with you when you meet the French sir let me go with you now you can hardly stand sergeant help him off with his toes now if you do what you're told now I promise that you'll be brought to the front in a litter if necessary you'll have your friends wonders are you not to move so you get better are you are supposed to be up ahead on the March with the general I can make it without a wet no you can't ride that horse the way you aren't off see there Oh Colonel tell me up you got a fever sir I promise a general I take proper care you then help me up dammit general you're right you Virginians Aras practices mules no he's gotta go he's gotta have your own way [Applause] Oh chop you General Washington you are an old man if a man athelas you is back in the saddle who can stand the poorest the French of not struck here at the crossing where we are most vulnerable until mr. this jazz it's a sight to warm the blood troops who come out to the dark the hobgoblin of their fierce trains before them Seneca new rough road delete separate this forward how far now less than five miles sir our advance party should be close to the enemy by now well rush the fort colonel and when you glory for old England sir I don't think a frontal attack is our best tactic can we obstruct them already ambasa advance party under major cage [Applause] [Applause] savages will fight like a disciplined army I don't like a rebel of cowards hiding behind trees it's not can you hurt me [Applause] stand your ground stand [Applause] my age Oh God you can't get them out you get them away quickly [Applause] [Applause] there are no condition to ride general any hostile to us come keep up on this man keep up with us my god Virginians are protecting our rear the French will become a French we'll be delayed by their own Indians will be scalping the dead and wounded [Applause] get rid of our supplies and baguette captain the wagons are moving much too slowly let's move faster general Oh [Applause] water is gone the savages have never find his grave and definers body come with me you know a brave man in the wrong war gentlemen the only hope you have of survival is to protect yourselves the French can easily send their Indians across the mountains to scout us in our beds Susie you must be ready this means a new Virginia regiment doubly strong even a draft to provide sufficient threat troops above all complete reorganization under a new command governor did what if that is so surely we have a new commander and who might that be mr. Fairfax who else but George Washington would you agree he proved himself after General Braddock was mortally wounded is it a wise policy to reward defeated officers with new positions of responsibility he knows next to nothing of the science of warfare is not received adequate training and indeed he's little more than a boy well take him sir but he possesses a quality which any of us aging military experts would would be happy to trade for all our science and our schooling he can lead men in battle yeah yeah ladies and gentlemen may I present you Colonel George Washington commander of the Virginia regiment raised in defense of his Majesty's colony [Applause] [Applause] I'm grateful governor for your willingness to accommodate only after much travels on both our parts levies a wager colonel enjoy your season in the Sun oh you're captured by this are may have beauties I'd appreciate it if you'd keep Sammy company while I take courtesan constituents it will be my pleasure as always a better way to start my campaign if you've made as much progress with your soldiering dancing you will succeed no matter what the odds well I certainly know where to come for encouragement what progress have you made in that other important matter what matters that your search for mistress of Mount Vernon of course I'm afraid there's been a little time this evening is the perfect opportunity with Ally and the hero of the Amur could claim any lady in the room good evening kind of Washington this is perhaps Betsy BOTS but lovely golden hair she has foliat with her there's Sarah Buffington sighs watching and very available of course she's been very available for quite a number of years ago to celli you'll have me terrified at the prospect of marriage is that what I'm doing besides I can't imagine dancing with other charmers when I have the loveliest of all right now how you change used a stammer compliment now you know just what I'm worried please forgive us madam if we steal the kernel from you some distinguished landowners are anxious to meet their new commander if I might also capture you for this next dance kind baby I would be challenging I see you've taught your aides well good it would be my pleasure captain girl Washington may I present mr. John Blair and his wife Mary congratulations on your appointment I am honored the other is mine men and mr. Daniel Parke Custis and his wife Martha it's a pleasure sir Colonel were fortunate to have you in our service but you have your job cut out for you but we hear from the Shenandoah Valley is most dismaying the Indians incited by the French are terrorizing the whole country dear let the colonel enjoys evening he did say eleven yes sir yes you're late colonel his lordship will see you now gentlemen whip out your aides I had hoped your lordship that you might grant us preferment preferment sir you want your provincial regiments made regulars in the British are and come now well I should know your lordship if General Braddock had survived I would now have rank suitable to my wishes and what are your wishes I'm a full colonel in the Virginia regiment sir and you consider that preferment for a colonel see in the regular army I do sir I have fought the French and Indians for four years I have more knowledge and experience of road-building tracking Indian lore and wilderness combat than any other man in the colonies experience yes but with what will stop your watch if you let your very feet force to defeat the Fort Necessity you will with Braddock on that disastrous March you have commanded your own regiment for almost two years and the Indian slaughters go on they hit and run sir and you started this glorious career by assassinating the fridge and it was not assassination sir was it no and what is it to do with my regiments right to permanent establishment right sir bill Jove writes you a colonial I cannot conceive your lordship that being colonist should deprive us of the benefits of British subjects for two years we Virginians have protected the frontier with our blood we have fought to keep this land for our King we are as loyal to His Majesty as the strongest of generals and it is wrong that we should be treated as ill-favored stepchildren you are a subject colony mr. Washington and you have no rights to any preferment in His Majesty's regular forces but your lordship have you read plans and treaties on military discipline no sir of course you know Fawcett's the Prussian short exercise no I'm sorry sir any green Coronet in his Majesty's of regulars was weaned on the great Frederick strategic concepts yet you sir a provincial who pretends to military competence don't even know of the existence of such books just because I have not read the proper book sir does not mean man your arrogance defies me sir perhaps you should concern yourself more with your provincial responsibilities and less with your uniform and rank but your lordship we are at war with France as well as the Austrian and Prussian empires and you serve with a man who fired the shots but started this war I ask you colonel does that call for rights but your lordship I believe we've said all that needs be sent mr. Washington I bet you a safe journey back to your fort and the duties that await you there good day sir yes today's y'all my god that is the last time I let some British Lord look down as aristocratic nose at me how dare he call me arrogant damn him damn Jimenez Reagan sir you must not let yourself get so angry you're still a touch of the paper alright I'm alright sir you must rest away from the rigors of the RV the favor can be dipped it's already carried off men like Jonathan Wilkes and Daniel Park custom Squire Custis hard to believe so the little Custis woman is a widow shall not long walk for suitors [Applause] good afternoon sir can I help you yes I'm here to offer my condolences to mrs. Costas and who may I say is calling I only just now heard of your loss I hope you don't mind my stopping by unannounced I've been on my wit in Philadelphia and I wanted to express my sympathy it's very kind of you sir my sister Nancy is here with her husband and a gentleman friend won't you join us oh no I wouldn't think of entry Oh will be honored oh no I really must be on my way at least 18 well if I may be frank ma'am I'm a bit indisposed stomach miseries I have something that might give you relief company of Canary wine and a dram of polarized hearts now see it is joining one to the other that works the magic but you must drink it all down once excellent colonel you don't think youth faster children do mind I cannot guarantee a cure well I feel better already thank you I must be on my way there we go I've kept you from your guests long enough gentlemen is mr. Josiah doom was more the latest matrimonial prospect my sister is brought to my inspection I'll see you to your voice it's agreeable to you man I should like to call on you again you're not otherwise up I okay got Riku thank you ma'am you may go sir Stuart Stuart I thought they'd Shaunie's have done in a lot of you just look a few days longer to find the French colonel and few more to escape from their main body it's good to see you will hi I just hope that wagon with the gifts isn't played because our friends here are gonna be wanting a little reward like it or not they've brought you a gift huh show the colonel one Shawny one French Corps closer I'm not going to faint are you come no no it's just a touch of the fever again and I've run out of my medicine maybe you ought to know I don't think it would be wise for our friends to see their white chief with a griping belly brothers this mark of your friendship I will forever cherish I think I'll send these to governor did he see the NATO campaign yes sir [Applause] I've ordered that carousing with lively wenches will put you in an early grave was wrong of you to wait so long before sending word you were here and in such a state I didn't expect you to come I just wanted to borrow your recipe books and some ingredients my brother John Agustin left to covered almost bare when he is passionate had left us you've tried to talk when you should be listening to your new doctor yes I suppose I do need a new one since the other side seem to be able to cure me dr. Craig prescribed jellies and such kinds of foods yes preachy told me and here we are already prepared and the other things you ask canary wine and rubberized heart torn yes thank you perhaps I'll have some of that concoction now how am I to prepare it a dram of Hearts horn and a modest cup of wine dr. prang prescribe no no a friend I hadn't heard of it any my uncle is a physician hmm let me help you are you quite sure this helps or is it your imagination oh well I was sorry to miss will before he left for England mm-hmm just had to get away after his father passed on hmm he had to go eventually to see to his inheritance so I arched him to do so now George we're gonna make you well and soon I will nurse you and only return to both why tonight oh sorry even then I want you to feel I'm here with you when you look across dog run and see the candle in my window you'll know I'm thinking of you and perhaps you won't feel so alone you shouldn't have I want to very much I'm determined to see you become your old self again I'm I must go when I return I'll bring Mike yours see how they measure up to your heart sign y-you remember look for the candle so at least you're not dead that was the rumor circulating in Williamsburg probably started by the governor well Mercer will be glad to hear you are still with us the temporary command is about to ruin his health and his good sense the men are very bare of winter clothes snow is up to our eyeballs yes I've written to Williamsburg on that I'm sure you've heard the resupply will show up on the hottest day in July I'd best be off we all feel terrible sir about your having had to be cooped up here in the lonely winter gloom with nothing to do except write letters telling us what to do I'm sorry Ricci didn't tell me someone was here mrs. Fairfax you remember captain Stewart my adjutant captain enchanted madam you have to be commended colonel you have discovered the perfect antidote to lonely winter gloom this is perfect if he means these dried flowers they means you Sally you're a beautiful woman aye sir a compliment yes I'm sorry but I love complement George let me see where should we put these here right here where can you see them the best you really like them George what are you doing I'm feeling better I must get up but you can hardly stand no I'm better much stronger Sally I am grateful for your visits but now you needn't come anymore you don't mean that I do I do Jorge it's alright that I care for you when you're sick well would want that and you tell you so if you weren't on the high seas now sailing for home but it's not right you know your winter has gone to a sick man you just said you were getting your strength back I am I am see [Applause] I'm afraid I could but you call breach II he could help me let me help you put your around my shoulder you're charged he's called preaching krejci please take a dare what do you do must exercise my legs fill my lungs with the out-of-doors I've been a sick man long enough preaching I have a life to get on with you must stay the night is our honored guest this time I won't say no the children are ready man where are we can my four children be hurt a lot and this is our little Martha but we call it patsy w pay respects what a pleasure it is to be in the company of such a charming young lady and gentleman your children got cheap you family is always meant a great deal to me and I'm a dutiful and attentive son though I must confess there are times when my mother inspires more than a portion of exasperation seeing a pleasure that you take in Jacky and Patsy reminds me also how much I anticipate children of my own they are indeed sir a blessing from God though sometimes and I borrow your word in exasperation you may wonder madam it's may indeed wonder why I feel called upon to recite to you this roll call of my obligations though I have carefully omitted mention of my lesser qualities such as a temper when sufficiently provoked know sometimes insufficiently the reason is that I feel war on it peace here in your deep breath forgive me I don't know why I've been talking so much upon such early acquaintance I'm usually more reserved ladies it's just that I I'm not sure what I intended to say I too feel safe and at peace in your company sir that is all I need to know at this point Oh George we grow so weary of your leaving this goodbye can become a very unpleasant word he's only doing what Duty tells him must be done Jemma Forbes assures me that he is going to enlarge our Virginia regiment to 1200 men join with Forbes us regulars we should present an army three times Braddock's huh how long will you be gone well the Braddock campaign convinced me of the folly of seeing into the future mm-hmm well I have a great personal favor to ask of you ask away before I knew I was going to be joining Forbes as army I had made plans to enlarge Mount Vernon I would be deeply grateful if you would supervise a construction in my absence of course it is important that it be completed before I return why the haste I may be bringing home a bride that's wonderful anyone we know it'll be ungentlemanly of me to mention her name before I have won her hand but I feel that you'll find her as charming as I do in that case that wish you victory my apologies madam for the impulsiveness of this visit but the advance on Fort Duquesne could take me away from months and I had to talk to you first I couldn't speak in front of your guests please don't apologize colonel I would have been hard sick if you failed to say goodbye but this is not goodbye dear madam I know it's unfair of me to ask this of you now when I know that I'll be facing battle but when I return I am determined to make you my wife if that would be agreeable you take my press away I don't mean to be so abrupt and you need not answer now I only had to at least make my declaration before I left I'm so glad you did will you believe me when I tell you that I have never felt this way before in my life and you need not wait for my head sir yes oh yes I will marry you my dear Colonel vosch Edith I know how difficult and discouraging a military campaign must be in the mean time George you must take care of yourself and come safely home to us Sally has also written you a message which I enclose here with congratulations colonel not only have you been elected to the birches of Winchester but now you enjoy the prospect of possessing mrs. Custis I hope you know how happy I am for you my dear for it you look weary to the bone sir I already have one mother Ricci I emphatically do not need another forgive me sir now forgive me I'm not in the best of moods these damnable delays we must attack for two came before the French who reinforced it will lose the chance wasn't for all to drive them out I shall be fine now good night raging good night sir [Applause] [Applause] dear madam tonight I was honored with your short but very agreeable favor I feel the force of your beauties as I remember a thousand tender moments but experience us sadly reminds me how impossible this is but there is a destiny that controls our actions not to be resisted and so becomes a time to say farewell the last portman for the northern border and they've abandoned I can't secure the fort prepare an encampment yes my career in the military is over Vineet etc but you and I have dreamed of getting revenge on the French by taking that forth and now it's fallen without a shot seems in every enterprise in my life and sense of disappointment sir you can't leave the army I've had enough of the arrogance of British regulars to last a lifetime the French know they're defeated here in North America and now Virginia no filters definitely and now finally I can live the life I want [Applause] [Applause] thank you mama thank you we shall miss you sir but I can see now while you will not miss the army my friend is he right George you will not miss your command my future is to be a farmer and a husband there'll be no British general telling me how to plow my field or love my wife mr. and mrs. washing will God bless thank you you'll be there [Applause] I know it I do Godspeed thank you both for everything Ricci is this mrs. Washington how do you gather yourselves together here this is Jackie Salem George it is beautiful come on sir mrs. Washington with my estate manager John old Cheryl my husband is spoken so highly of you mrs. Washington welcome to Mount Vernon we've enjoyed preparing for your ride my dear I can't wait to see if Mountain Vernon meets with your approval it is beyond my expectations well said since it could mean anything this way I meant Jackie child child you must watch where you run I want you to stay with Jane can be sure you keep little sister on mister forgive my sharp telling I must remember to defer to you and the disciplining of your children our children and I meant it when I said that you are to treat them as your own when they require correction my old comrades and arms would be amused to see how I handle discipline in my own home come you must see the better just what I would have wanted soft warm colors and Dimity curtains light enough to wake us at dawn and a cradle I will do my best to fill it very soon my dearest husband and I will do my best dearest wife indeed you will if our honeymoon is any measure I would put the latch on the door now were it not for the children I promise Oh George I love Nocturne they do so want to make you happy mrs. Washington very [Applause] give us a grand run today gentlemen feet of water yourselves in the fire it's hard to believe those dogs the defenders that daredevil pack we've been for Lord Fairfax so many years ago every time I ride these hills I think of Lawrence I still feel his loss so deeply Nandi rain has followed him still I think they'd both be happy to know that Mount Vernon is yours now still part of the Washington family do believe we've lost George Mason all the ladies will be along Mason are you all right I'm next order death George thanks to this wicked chase you've just lit me I thought you kept up rather well my horse kept up I was left miles behind comes as no surprise to me that I still find the chase as disagreeable as ever yeah now since it's a good neighbor I've subjected my posterior to this nonsense you owe me a favor anything my friend don't speak too quickly since you were elected to the House of Burgesses you haven't a tenth of that many meetings I asked you to attend the next one with me your influence will be felt without me I've heard from Benjamin Franklin Pennsylvania's agent had loved him but Lord Grenville intensive our scene with his stamp tax you imagine they'd lay such an economic burden on us without even asking our opinion never the attempts at the next parliament that fat will be in the fire to a fairly whiny war was expected work how can you defend a mother country the Rotax a colonies without the voice of their Parliament we are also Englishmen a few short years ago we fought together against the French we were brothers brothers yes well they need us but now I'm afraid they prefer we be their obedient children still there's the rub we'll continue this conversation later there's refreshments in the pollak very well George Jackie Jackie come down they cook about it but you and hunting sir why can't I is there anything wrong and liking guns and horses and dogs mother says I'm much like you and that respect yes well I too would have rather been in the woods at your age but books permit you to plunder the wisdom of the ages mathematics will help you to to survey the vast land that you're one day on can't I pay someone to do it down quick give me the gun stop it on your own skills Jackie where you become as helpless as so many sons of the gentry top company all right Oh why'd you run off this way mama my headaches I can't read anymore today may I rest my room till I feel better here let's just get him back to his books I'd know more about I really feel quite awful mama now very long then thank you dear mama let's see he spent the forenoon resting in a tree the afternoon his room pray madam how will he spend the night you think I spoil Frank but I promise not to say any more on that subject and I must hold to my word George Washington wait for me don't walk so fast George each time I try to be strong but each time I fail I am sorry please don't walk so fast we have strayed too far from our purpose gentlemen which is the introduction of new legislation now does anybody else wish to chair recognizes the gentleman from Fairfax County mr. Washington honourable members I beg your indulgence to introduce a bill of some consequence to our community's well-being I proposed to prohibit on pain of a fine of 15 shillings all pigs from wandering free so that they drink and even bathe in our springs or horse trough pigs George pigs when you should be concerned with British blindness and arrogance and I felt it was in my walls while Prime Minister the force passage of it diabolical Stamp Act all fire ages to be tried in courts of the and without juries but I understand that the proceeds than to be used for the protection of the colonies at all George we can protect ourselves and tax ourselves besides it's the principle of the thing George they wouldn't allow us a seat in their Parliament so they have no right to taxes however they disguise it as a bloody Stamp well what can we do George we must learn to defend ourselves it's your duty to help ignite resistance to this tax Nathan I have fought from my country and my king and I do not need you to remind me of my duty George it strikes even at the freedom of the press all of our newspapers all of our legal documents if not playing cards must be on stamped paper how could you ignore what's happening to us if I choose to not I fuel to the fire that's my right but men like you must learn for I have done my service sir I leave this fight to others any attempt to best such power in any other Parliament destroys British as well as American freedom I tended the speaker or my fellow burgesses I ask your pardon as a junior member I would show my loyalty to His Majesty to the last drop of my blood but this assembly has the sole right to lay taxes upon the inhabitants of this colony [Applause] and Julius Caesar had his Brutus Charles the first his Cromwell may George the plan [Applause] puppets by their example if this speech reason makes a moose [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] thanks for watching if you'd like to help us produce more compelling historical content like this please like comment below and share this video with fellow history buffs and of course be sure to subscribe to help keep history happening

The Chemical Brothers – Galvanize (Official Music Video)



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Music video by The Chemical Brothers performing Galvanize. (P) 2005 The copyright in this audiovisual recording is owned by Virgin Records Ltd

The Story of Queen: Mercury Rising (FULL DOCUMENTARY)



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This is the story of one of the worlds greatest rock bands of all time, known for their constant record breaking, sell out tours, chart-topping records and eternal worldwide success. 20 years after the death of frontman Freddie Mercury, the band still remain immensley popular. Queen’s album sales have topped 300 million sales worldwide and their Westend stage show is shown in almost 20 cities accross the globe. Formed in 1971, Queen embarked on their journey to fame in the UK with their first two albums Queen (1973) and Queen II (1974). But it wasn’t until the release of Sheer Heart Attack (1974) and A Night at the Opera (featuring Bohemian Rhapsody) in 1975, that they went to achieve global success. By the late 1970’s Queen had gone on to release ‘We Will Rock You’ and ‘We Are the Champions’, two of the greatest Rock anthems to be released which cemented their status as one of the worlds greatest rock bands. This is the story of one of the most iconic rock bands in the world, from the very beginning through to the sad demise of Freddie Mercury in 1991. Through classic archive footage and some of their greatest hits and interviews with Brian May and the likes of Paul Gambaccini, their incredible and unique story is told. This is the story of Queen.

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William Shakespeare: The Life and Times Of (FULL DOCUMENTARY)



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There’s no name better known in the world of Literature than William Shakespeare, and whatever your feelings about such dramatic offerings as “Romeo and Juliet”, “Twelfth Night”, “King Lear”, “Othello”, “Hamlet”, “Julius Caesar”, “Taming of the Shrew” or “Macbeth”, Shakespeare is impossible to ignore. Thousands of books have been written about Shakespeare and even though he lived over four hundred years ago, biographers and literary critics are still inspired to wax lyrical upon the subject in the 21st Century. What’s more there are as few facts as ever to go on, and by the very nature of history, it’s unlikely that any new and dramatic evidence regarding the life and times of William Shakespeare will be revealed. So what exactly is it that makes Shakespeare such a fascinating subject for speculation by each new generation to discover him? After all, the image we all recognize of Shakespeare is the perfect picture of Elizabethan respectability and far from being anything out of the ordinary. However, like all good stories, dig a little deeper and your efforts will be rewarded. Shakespeare’s meteoric rise from the humblest of beginnings to worldwide fame tells a tale of tenacity that is inspirational to this day and as we follow in the Great Bard of Avon’s footsteps, where there’s a will, when you’re talking about William Shakespeare, there’s most definitely a way.

Mary Queen of Scots: The Red Queen (FULL DOCUMENTARY)



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There are few women in history to have truly stood the test of time but the romance surrounding the ill-fated Mary Queen of Scots has ensured that her story lives on to intrigue and fascinate each new generation. However, who this 16th Century lady actually was and what role she played in the history of Great Britain can often be something of a mystery. Both of these questions and many more will be answered through the course of this film, while we take you on a journey of discovery across the majestic landscapes of Scotland, England and France to find the femme fatale behind the legend. The Castles of Scotland are synonymous with this Queen, who was crowned at Sterling when she was just nine months old. Follow in her footsteps to Linlithgow, Edinburgh and Lochleven Castles and see for yourself the Palaces where Mary lived, loved and lost in spectacular style. Piece together the Queen of Scots’ turbulent relationship with her cousin Elizabeth I of England, which ultimately proved to be Mary’s downfall. In different circumstances the two women might well have been friends but when the Queen of England signed Mary’s death warrant the Queen of Scots, dressed in blood red, played out her final act under the executioner’s axe. The story of Mary Queen of Scots is as alive with passion, drama and political intrigue as any 21st Century blockbuster movie, so take the highroad to Scotland and let the adventure begin.

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The Real Reason We Buy Diamonds



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Most of us presume proposing with a diamond engagement ring is just part and parcel of getting married, but this tradition hasn’t actually been around all that …

Ep. 4: Maths – Let's Make Flappy Bird



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David Attenborough on the World's Deserts



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to see why does its lie where they do we can look at the Sahara from the West the equator runs away from us across the width of Africa it's along this line that the sun's rays strike from directly overhead and therefore with the greatest strength the heated air rises along the equator and flows away north and south to cooler parts of the world because it's warm it carries with it a lot of moisture but as it rises and cools the moisture condenses first to form clouds and then to fall as rain by the time the air comes down again over the Sahara to the left and the Kalahari to the right it's lost most of its moisture and creates very few clouds so the Sahara with few clouds the shielded from the Sun becomes roasting Li hot during the day and at night with no blanket of clouds to keep in its warmth it gets desperately cold deserts are not placed symmetrically around the world because the continents themselves are distributed in a very irregular way they are ridged with great mountain ranges which interfere with the even flow of air and the spin of the planet itself creates vast Eddie's in the atmosphere which further complicates things but even so deserts do lie in two broad zones on either side of the equator the pattern in Africa with the Sahara in the north and the Kalahari in the Namib in the South has its equivalent in the Americas south of the lush equatorial jungles of the Amazon beyond the great range of the Andes lies the Atacama Desert on the other side of the equator beyond the drenched tropical rainforests of Panama stretched the deserts of Mexico and Arizona across the Pacific the greatest expanse of water on the globe lies south of the equator Australia most of which is covered by desert its northern tip gets close enough to the equator to collect some rain farther north still beyond the jungle that blankets Indonesia and Malaysia Thailand and Burma across the great snow-covered range of the Himalayas stretched the vast deserts of Central Asia Mongolia and the Gobi and beyond them as we complete the circuit of the globe the huge desert of the Middle East that covers Iran Iraq and Jordan Syria and Israel the vast sandy emptiness of Arabia and runs on to join the Sahara

THE ANCIENT MAGUS' BRIDE Ep. 1 | DUBLADO



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pros atletas que o sol catástofre das castanholas botacin com [Música] o cara tirou o nenê eike longe aqui [Música] moreira se lavar amorim [Música] com não sei quê abandonar ó da boca aberta ae [Música] sim [Música] assim [Música] a creche a cocô [Música] não vai se arrepender disso depois não é não com isso o contrato está completo de serrador e você está conseguindo respirar bem muito bem vamos lá ouviu o olho mas houve uma vez há coisas que não são nenhuma anos nem em animadas são diferentes das coisas que eu sempre vejo eu não sabia que coisas assim existiu [Música] não me importa é o que eu quero agora um lar esse é o produto pelo qual todos esperavam o item raro mesmo entre os oferecidos atualmente começaremos em 500 mil e um milhão e cem mil e quinhentas um milhão e oitocentos 2 milhões olha aquilo enfim rítmicos dois milhões e duzentos e cinquenta e dois milhões duzentos e cinquenta e dois milhões duzentos e cinquenta alguém mais senhor algo que os filhos estão fazendo ali 5 milhões está decidido você ser a minha aprendizagem mas que droga qual é o problema daquele doido pois é preparar uma sala de recepção pela nós receberemos 5 milhões de libras quem é ele e por ele ser a escrava estar tanto dinheiro em mim ela é dócil então deve ser fácil de disciplinar eu não pensei que veria nesse leilão mas devemos pedir para você seguir as regras eu peço por gentileza que não subia no palco você entendeu não quero lição de moral nesse tipo de conversa você venha você não precisa baixar a cabeça eu quero que olhe para frente com confiança entendido entendido vou pegar sua sala emprestada tudo bem o que ele é um monstro ele vai te ouvir por favor fique quieto ele não é um golpista nem o feiticeiro ele é bem honesto porque é bem raro hoje em dia [Música] a amm não acredito deixamos ele ficar com ela aquela slate berg sledge berg [Música] então você consegue vê los não é você está falando comigo sim eu estou sim você é a única que comigo qual é o seu nome que se que ser ator e meu nome é elias elias a semsur muito prazer meu filhote junho parece que você realmente possui a visão que sortuda sortuda eu a resta a menina vai dar muito na padaria que há dez anos a um orfanato e nem esquecer ela mesmo o retorno de rocha muito rápida disse não há nada na minha vida foi então até a glória então vamos nos assegurar que você se sinta sortuda um dia nós você não pode ser tão frágil assim meu filho tinha eu aprecio bonecas nós paguei bastante dinheiro com você você precisa ser digna de olhares mas agora chefe seus olhos e fique perto de mim e isso vai te deixar tonta a irritação nas sombras [Música] o anel sagrado serve todos os galhos tal qual uma teia de aranha na lista com espinhos agora abra os olhos como esperado chegamos em um só pulo essa é a minha casa ela também a sua casa a partir de hoje mas espera aí onde nós estamos e como nós saímos daquele prédio aqui oeste de londres uma área rural na ponta da inglaterra na inglaterra eu só aprendi que a isso aqui você não precisa mais disso você virou agora uma aprendiz de mago uma aprendiz de mago nós somos uma espécie em extinção que remonta de antiga tradição eu dou as boas vindas a você como minha aprendiz leite pegue o melhor que se não não pareceu me sinto sozinho fica mãe não sabe como tomar banho não é além disso está fedendo eu vou levar você a uma trama tem que molhar os ombros e não nunca vai esquentar ele viu tudo saia quando estiver quente eu acho que nunca mais vou conseguir tomar banho direito na vida se você está pensando em desistir da vida porque não tenta dar a sua vida para alguém que realmente quer olha nem que eu achei que tinha sentido cheiro de algo delicioso beijam é uma linda humana são fadas [Música] eu acho que somos conhecidas como fadas em termos humanos mas é melhor não usar palavras tão sem classe para definir a gerência não sabem de vizinho ou suas bota me fez escuta você é slate berg né o mago dos espinhos é muito louco de pegar mais leite beck para ser surpreendido disse hino de mel mais valioso do que qualquer moeda de ouro do mundo antigo mais do que qualquer flur fofa nota robin então se você vai virar uma vaga nós podemos ajudar o quanto você precisar amor amor não está tudo bem você não precisa entrar tudo bem mesmo elas sumiram como alguma coisa e beba para relaxar um pouco parece que sou mesmo bem vindo aqui você pode ter muitas perguntas eu vou tentar responder suas perguntas como se fosse uma história para dormir escuta eu vi fadas a aas oriel se elas devem ter dado as boas-vindas elas adoram qualquer tipo de novidade entendi uma coisa quer dizer então que é verdade que você é um mago sim é verdade [Música] e quando você diz aprendiz quero dizer aprendiz meu filhote vinho slate berg são raros eu tive muita sorte hoje o que você acabou de dizer leite berg se eu tivesse que escolher uma palavra seria uma abelha rainha você ou pessoas como vocês leite bergues são capazes de atrair moldar todos os tipos de coisas especificamente fadas e mistérios são abelhas trabalhadoras atraídas para você a abelha rainha vendas ou não mesmo sem conseguir delas parece que você consegue vê las isso não é comum entre o seu povo elas trazem sorte e má sorte para a abelha rainha má sorte eficiente e sua gentileza e favores não necessariamente beneficia humanos mas ser amado por eles quer dizer que nunca ficará desamparada você precisa da ajuda delas para fazer magia é uma habilidade importante de se ter você certamente se tornará uma grande mágoa mas isso claro não quer dizer que eu te darei ordens mas acho que eu não tenho direito de recusar não é mesmo bom não mas você pode reconsiderar virar o mago é apenas um caminho de vários você é como família para mim agora você está sob a proteção da família [Música] esta é uma pedra de víbora o buraco foi formado naturalmente no fundo de um rio ela te proteger a sua silk você deve estar cansada então deve dormir por hoje pode mostrar o quarto para ela [Música] eu tenho até um lugar bom pra dormir família que cheiro estranho esse cheiro de grama e te á a você a vizinha de hoje mais cedo né então por que não damos uma caminhada agora de noite tem uma floresta incrível aqui perto mas eu nem vai dar tudo certo anda de uma caminhada e relaxe e durma bem vamos logo [Música] mas que criança inocente bom vai ser uma boa lição [Música] está tão claro é trilhos vivenciamos depois que passamos você consegue ver isso também é que ser como é a sua família eu não tenho família fui criada por muitos parentes diferentes e essas pessoas chamavam de t eu não estaria aqui hoje se eu tivesse recebido amor de verdade deles a é puxa nós andamos bastante e isso não tem problema nós temos que ir ainda mais longe até porque você não precisa mais voltar nós finalmente enganamos o mago dos espinhos mas como assim agora precisa levá la para a nossa terra vós outras ficaram muito salgadas eu aposto que será muito mais fácil do que viver no mundo humano não se preocupe parece que está aberta o reino das fadas que está além disso em um mundo muito divertido só pra você e pra nós a uma espera [Aplausos] vamos voltar voltar e pra onde você não tem uma família te esperando é bem melhor você viver uma vida feliz e frívola desse lado você está certo eu não tenho ninguém o que houve que ser eu não vou eu preciso ir pra casa e porque não há razão alguma para você voltar para aquela casa sabia ninguém nunca na minha vida me recebeu assim tão bem mas aquele homem me recebeu e mesmo que seja só um brinquedo que ele jogue fora quando estiver entediado ele me chamou de família mesmo que só uma vez mas me chamou de família então parece que meu filho o time já aprendeu onde é o seu lar na verdade eles você maldição como sabiam que estávamos ela tem uma coleira contínuo sua mão eu vou perdoá las dessa vez no próximo verão comida de salamandra vamos ver se um fracassado como você consegue proteger a nossa hobby disso não tenho a menor dúvida é bom também não deu certo foi uma boa experiência né muitas delas têm o hábito de nos seduzir com palavras gentis estranho cuidado de agora em diante por favor eu sinto muito não eu que devia ter falado desde o começo essa é minha obrigação você me aprendiz você está sob minha proteção não esqueça disso ele é tão quentinha mas me parece que ele está tão tenso o que você está fazendo é fácil se perder na floresta noite vou carregar você para a nossa casa [Música] vamos dar um jeito no seu braço quando chegarmos não quero que minha futura esposa fique com cicatrizes a esposa como senhas ah eu não te falei ainda eu comprei você para ser minha prendes é claro mas eu também espero fazer de você a minha noiva o quê [Música] ó [Música] não [Música] devemos nos preparar para a nossa lua de mel há uma menina se mudando para londres com o mago cidades e pessoas desconhecidas é enfim o mundo oferece uma chance a menina solitária

the reason Why Israel can't withdraw to its pre '67 borders line



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The Logical Song, Written & Composed by Roger Hodgson of Supertramp



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Roger Hodgson, co-founder of Supertramp, wrote and composed this classic, The Logical Song, which is just as relevant today as it was when it was released.

The Science of Doomsday 2012



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NASA Scientist David Morrison discusses the rumors of a doomsday in December 2012 and shows how these claims are not supported by science. This updates …

Great Pyramid Mystery Solved? | National Geographic



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How were the blocks raised to the top of the 489ft Great Pyramid? An architect develops a theory about a snaking internal ramp that’s been hidden inside the pyramid for 4500 years.
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Great Pyramid Mystery Solved? | National Geographic

National Geographic

jean-pierre approached the mystery of the Great Pyramid with an architect's eye working from the most detailed architectural plans ever drawn of the Great Pyramid slowly his theory began to evolve as the years passed unnoticed by Egyptologists he came to know the my new details of the pyramid like no one else on earth the $64,000 question is how do you raise blocks all the way to the top of a four hundred and eighty foot pyramid we saw that there were real problems with either a single ramp or a spiral ramp and lifting cranes certainly don't do the job so how do you do it that's the problem John Pierre has been tackling for all these years his solution still has around but it's inside the pyramid and incredibly according to Jean Pierre it's been hidden there for 4,500 years he calculated that the slope of this ramp had to be about 7% so the men could hole the blocks up it he also figured the ramp would have to start at the base of the pyramid and go upwards as the pyramid grew it's not as easy as it sounds remember the pyramid is not solid inside the Great Pyramid are three large chambers the lowest one is called the Queen's Chamber above it is a mysterious room called the Grand Gallery and on top of all that is the Kings burial chamber all three chambers are connected by passageways is it possible to have a ramp snaking up through the pyramid that doesn't run into one of these chambers or passageways as he began building his computer model he could see the ramp just ten feet inside the smooth outer surface of the pyramid turning level after level all the way to the top of the pyramid kind of like a ramp in a parking garage amazingly jean-pierre ramp never hit any of the chambers of passageways inside the Great Pyramid for the first time in history a structural 3d model of the Great Pyramid had been built to test a theory jean-pierre knew the internal ramp was a real possibility but he still had problems to solve how to turn the blocks around the corners of the ramp you see the men hauling the blocks need a place to stand in front of the blocks when they reached the end of the straightaway on the ramp where can they stand to pull the block jean-pierre solution is to leave the corners open at the end of each length of the ramp a notch about 30 feet square would have been left open this notch let in light and fresh air but it had an even more important function stationed at each corner was a crane that would lift and position the block so it could travel up the next flight of the ramp these cranes could be the machines that Herodotus was talking about but like any good detective story we've been saving the best for last if jean-pierre is right about the internal ramp the French team should have detected it in their 1980s hi-tech survey in the French team's published report there is no diagram of an internal ramp it looks like jean-pierre is wrong surely a study this sophisticated would have found evidence of something as large as an internal ramp but 15 years after the study jean-pierre was asked to meet a member of the French team who said he had some very good news for him dr. bleep had heard about John PS theory and wanted to show him something a diagram that the French didn't fully understand so they never published it Wow see Takayama this computer print death shows a low-density spiral shape inside the Great Pyramid it's amazingly close to Jean Pia's drawing of the internal ramp so years before Jean Pierre's theory the French may have found evidence of an internal ramp inside the Great Pyramid

ANCIENT EGYPT MUMMY MYSTERY! / Roblox: Time Travel Adventures



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In this video, we are playing Time Travel Adventures on Roblox. Doctor Time has sent us back to the year 1798 to Egypt to retrieve the fifth time gem stone. Can we solve the mystery of the mummy and retrieve the time gem stone before it’s too late?!

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welcome back to now roblox video doing playing time travel adventures in Georgia my screen and today we're gonna be doing the math next one looks like the Wild West okay so we never played this before oh it says warning this map is hard and only has one life probably guys we never played this before yeah although the certificates are artifacts are you kind of like certificate let's take a cram up here let's go Tim although there's Tim Tims here 1719 Egypt said Morgan says nablas Hardin only has one life rose only also the artifacts are very hard to find this is spit out oh look at grappling hook forever I hate seeing the thin line now I pick staff weapon welcome to Egypt this is the first time exploring this period Jenna the artifacts are very hard to find in Ozark my reader is detecting and power gem signal this way which way before we leave take a weapon okay this is our little Singh shine mm-hmm follow me bubby we're in this mission is very high I'm gonna go look for artifacts and you only have one life okay I'm not gonna look for artifacts Kate if we only have one life and my touch something like a Venus flytrap from the jungle I'm scared oh ship to run again and says I forgot a zag why myself up here is a pyramid oh my reader saying that the gym is somewhere inside don't touch the doggie thing he's casting we should go inside and expand I think our watchdogs this is amazing oh my it looked like Tim said that though I've never seen anything like it oh I hold your slingshot I'm scared they're watching us now looks like we need a key look around the way they're open the pyramid I'm going to the very top guys this is the very top here come here I just need make sure I got it run into it now you got it okay okay I'm looking back here looking for like guys I may have fun find a fountain but no I thought I did find one but look at that hole that would be a good spot to find today I found a key where is it oh there it is it's right here guys oh my gosh where's how you okay he's up there okay gonna collect it oh good we have found the key wow that was amazing oh my me thanks to me I'm gonna open the pyramid and you see my minion oh my game is a big danger if I don't have my minion where's my minion okay good okay I am open the door stay back stay back maybe you didn't clip the I did three two one is actually turning um maybe let's go inside uh you go first nothing mmm okay good so now I encrypted it in the beginning let it do in the lobby oh no I'm getting on here Justin Gil okay don't is Steph air at their Pharos tone acetone giving my power reader is off the charts they think is up I think this is the most average in yet what does happening oh my kill it let me kill you – to enter my dough Tom it is Manny I've already been awakened this week I'm scared and en a newfound power I have consumed more ha ha ha ha ha okay look McManus this place is collapsing yeah okay let the floor open up I think it has been open I don't know I think she said that was a close one yeah that was a close call oh gosh up we are lucky this secret room opened up don't step on anything I think I know why you suppose you're supposed to push the box you cannot be here just in case something bad happens this is how do we get out quick how do we get out through out that woops around baby push it a block to the right color and you only allowed to get on the dre top the grade dimmer Bert's yellow first I'll test dang it I don't you then I'll do blue gene I'll do green wait where's the green oh it's over there it's slippery yeah dad go dad go I'm not gonna step in here while doing it is it Wow well done you figure it out let's continue on okay that's a hard time easy oh gosh it's parkour grappling hook grappling hook we could have grabbed a hook over but know what we got this guy's I'm going on the other no I can't go long as I exist ready here we go yes just don't die that's the only ever okay I'm gonna go down gonna jump backwards oh gosh oh gosh go backwards no this is so scary I died dang it no that's again going back up there where you had to jump backwards oh my gosh I died again ten how you soul I died maybe one of those has to make it I made it I'm gonna do a pressure plate guys wait wait I did it I didn't think you would survive now I will take the most important to you touch my heart no leave me do the best kill a man outside how do you run outside I will I will hold dance often oh wait oh okay well we got town for Tim for Jim he's our guide tensed where are we this is Tim Pat think Oh Tim Norton legit map me artifacts member its power was all on it was unreal I am getting a call my international radio I don't think I should get in the water tides in the water or at ISA earth are oh yeah his name is dr. time that dude good I have made contact with you all right Tim has set off his earth splint distress beacon down here fine and okay Tim bomb on the panic we're past this path of the year Oh Battle of me you guys wait let's hold wait for 10 that artifact we just collected with like a staff I know that's that's a favor one that was my favorite cuz it looks so cool yep I bet you already missed two at least one not two I don't think it's you and this why is there a trail going over here who's that that's Jake oh no there are some guards how are we gonna get past them over here maybe hello Jake I can help you get past really okay let me just do a different voice that was dr. James but first you need to you need to do something for me go back to the vs. and find my monkey I lost it when I was having a bath oasis oh go back to the Oasis and find my monkey I think I see it it's by the water I see it now huh you could stay I'm saying not running my legs are weak can I kill the monkey no no can't get pass and Onam I'll just go back for you guys oh great we have found it let's get back to Jake oh my gosh he returned the monkey to Jake okay tell the guards I sent you then they they will open their gates for you my guard can I read the guard okay we all good okay we're here I'm detecting Tim's distressed face peeking oh it's coming from inside that temple we teleported we need to find the key Rory don't worry we'll make it will teleport you it's it I feel like this is a 20-pack my wreck my record show that the teens inside the a period with a boom cutter over here Lou door key I'm sorry blue need order okay hopefully there's like a tell um the gate is closed snitch other don't die Ted there's a teleporting pad well that's what it looks like isn't this one there's a cave over there black screen black screen there is the key to the temple oh my gosh there's a ladder quickly someone click it to pick it up got it I don't want to touch that one it's filling up with sand oh my god it's parkour quickly get to the top of the line I'm already on the truck well that's the parkour guys kateri easy yes yes I can see you guys already up cute about that let's go out it's like what escape but like I said we get it we survived oh really now let's go to the temple and find that gem talking about tress beacon is fading quickly get to the temple entrance there's parkour here we shouldn't go there in there there's an artifact over there I think actually you're supposed to go here later because me the temples right there this is a huge temple guys I don't think it's not line that's not that one is it I feel like if this happens this one I think it's this one cuz this is the area that we were in and Teddy got locked out this teleport me there I'm just gonna look up top of this nothing I thought there was kind of awesome things okay oh it's turning okay know what know what dr. time quiet Shh I know it's maze let's stick together Ted's a leader I guess up I don't care what kind of picture this one hopefully it is not that dead-end this right okay yes okay be careful be careful I thought this was very poor just go just go oh no oh no are we gonna water slingshots huh oh no it's more parkour we'll just quickly do it hopefully I'm going this way yeah this is wait there's two ways maybe there's an artifact over there it's not worth it not worth it it's not worth but I'll just help what you guys like I think we had to fight now what's in here there's Tim Tims in there look your precious guide Tim can we just carry around cuz he is dead no you're not dead I'm looking at some fun face and we killed him who's we you killed him yeah you killed them by dancing to death who is oh my gosh Jana she said that how can I speak us except yeah you can speak us and Tim well that's yeah Jim how could you Jim I told you I would be back the Ottomans monster I have created oh I'm sorry I have combined a gem with Manny oh no the gems that we need is probably green yes thanks to Jim Jim they're mean Jim I never felt more alive I think we need kill both of them obviously now I will kill you oh I want to go Jim can i mini that sounds like it sorry wha-ha-ha-ha-ha oh my gosh I'm standing up here out oh my gosh stay distance away from him don't get too close oh gosh oh gosh run run run run speed run you're almost dead I know I am I didn't how he could actually do that so you know he teleported oh my gosh he's not even going down this he is he is but not my way he did it it took more but you just got more Hammond hearts here my gosh oh you don't know when he's teleporting how about we split up so he doesn't go up on us I like in a group so let's go in circle guys like this and then if he goes the opposite way then we go the opposite way yeah sure like that ow you know no well he only a 75 hearts left and I'm about to die again young like hard these 25 points 25 hard study bellows okay the cute him I got a bag got a badge me for killing me yeah it's a jam you hack the Germans it wave saved him oh that's a diamond whatever the jam it's the Jim he's used to power usage gems on him use the gem power on him maybe he'll bring him back to life oh oh my gosh oh we saved you thank you all for saving me but what about the gems what about Jim look Manny is dead yeah I don't see em now Kevin for you we need to get out before we hear before anything happens objectives leave to Temple what if it's the other way this one I think it's their spy if we're leaving the handle yeah probably is because you probably got exited and then each other just go but the maze don't know let's head follow us to I don't remember which way so if I'm going the wrong way I'm so sorry they all look the same to me I don't think it was a spiky I think it was C oh I feel weird Oh Rosie the gem is rushing through my veins let's get out of here uh-oh I didn't like the sound of that you guys are almost dead it was Ted oh there's Tim we got a gym right what do you mean Jim Jim we got the jam the parish I used it on him then he has the gem and it rains I think it's us right you go in it don't go in yet there you do wind up oh you actually have to you win a badge I kind of want to see what's over there in the cave they do the BART going to the artifact ball well I'm going in we got to but I think we'll because I've got three if you know I have to because Billy should I get I feel only saw four I don't know I feel like one is that the maze I'm gonna get in you see this one at the top right here yeah it looks like one of those wolves I feel like if you touch one of those wolves the easy would die because you're gorgeous [Applause]