Views:758274|Rating:4.67|View Time:21:Minutes|Likes:3109|Dislikes:219 In this epic adventure taking place on two coasts, Jonathan investigates the world’s largest octopus, the Giant Pacific Octopus! He begins by meeting Sy, one of the octopuses at the New England Aquarium in Boston with cold water aquarist Bill Murphy. Then Jonathan and Bill travel to the Seattle Aquarium to two of their octopuses Lucy and Odie with Seattle Aquarium aquarist Kathryn Kegel. Bill and Jonathan join Kathryn and her team on some dives in Puget Sound to survey wild octopus populations. Along the way, Jonathan witnesses an incredible octopus fight and gets a small glimpse into the social lives of the Giant Pacific Octopus! Get ready for an incredible Blue World adventure!
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I thought the buongiorno said no pretty content rattle inkatha's phenomena Venus I'm assuming moto de subvención up of packages on November the 2nd 2007 police in Perugia receive a phone call there's been a break-in when police arrive they discover a young woman has been stabbed to death she's Meredith Kercher a British student a girl with everything to live for for seven years her American flatmate Amanda Knox was the center of a media and judicial storm accused at Meredith's murder in 2015 the murder convictions of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito were overturned once and for all it's she deserved so much in this life huh I I'm lucky the family of Meredith Kercher feels let down by the Italian judiciary for the contradictory verdicts it has produced over nearly eight years Meredith Kercher grew up in Croydon South London in August 2007 a new University year is about to start Meredith now 21 prepares to leave for the ancient and peaceful hilltop city of Perugia Italy it was very excited about coming to Italy looking forward to learning more about Italian culture and seeing the city of Perugia and making new friends and she really fought to come here she she really wanted to be here mez as everyone calls her is studying European politics and Italian at Leeds now she has an exchange year in Italy a country she's been in love with since the school trip but saying goodbye to her sister Stephanie isn't easy we were just talking on the sofa and having a little cuddle goodbye and then I just remember her suddenly crying and saying that she was going to be sad to go but she was excited to come and I'm being quite taken aback since thought don't make me sad oh I'll miss you but you're going to have fun she leaves on September the 1st and quickly afterwards moves into the upstairs flat of this cottage with three housemates two young Italian trainee lawyers and a student on exchange from the United States 20 year-old Amanda Knox Amanda has traveled almost 6,000 miles from Seattle on the northwest coast to study Italian in Perugia photogenic outgoing and describing herself as quirky Amanda Knox loves the Beatles and Harry Potter she's been studying at University and has worked three jobs to pay for her Italian adventure she is very different from the quiet and studious Meredith while housemates there is said to be tension over Amanda's supposedly casual attitude to sex money and housework within weeks Amanda Knox lands a job in Perugia working as a waitress at loo chic a pub owned by a popular musician from the Congo Patrick Lumumba both on a limb place you she gave me the impression of a good personal bike if she wasn't a good person she wouldn't have worked here that doesn't mean that her relationship with clients pleased me because she often talked to the clients and I had to tell her to get back to work I said please lead our ballet Alex I think we only did Kalle on October the 25th Amanda and Meredith go to a classical music concert together where Amanda meets Italian student Raphael s all a cheater he looks like her favorite Harry Potter and the two begin a whirlwind romance described by friends as intelligent and sensitive the handsome Raphael II has come to Perugia to study information technology a week later October the 31st it is Halloween and in Perugia like every other university town it's party time it is one of Meredith's favorite nights out and she is dressed as a vampire these will turn out to be among the last photographs of her alive happy full of life and completely at home with her new friends what happens on the night of November the 1st 2007 has been the subject of three trials three Appeals and three Supreme Court rulings the story has more twists and turns than the medieval streets of Perugia itself the story starts at nine o'clock in the morning on the 2nd of November when a local woman finds two mobile phones in her garden she takes them to the postal police which handles crimes involving communication devices they quickly discover one of the phones is registered to Via della pergolas 7 a small cottage just 500 meters away when police arrive here they see two students in the driveway Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito they tell the police the front door is open and one room has been ransacked police go into the house one bedrooms a mess clothes are all over the floor and a large rock is lying near the window shortly after the postal police arrive around 1251 Raphael is alleged or calls the elite police force the Carabinieri he doesn't mention that the postal police are already there and says nothing's been stolen details prosecutors would later claim are significant I thought the one Jameson no retardant rattle inkatha's phenomena Venus listening not to disobey Chernov of Tanisha Nina said the latter cossutius home to heritage Fiona know where children chief Forester meanwhile amanda says she's worried about her friend Meredith her doors locked she's not answering the phone when the door is broken down they discover a beige duvet on the floor beneath it the battered and bloody body of Meredith Kercher prosecutor Giuliana Ming Nene arrives just after 2:00 p.m. he finds Meredith is partially naked her bras being cut off and her t-shirt rolled up above her breasts it looks like a sexual assault when you start an investigation you don't know what hell is yes yes – slowly reconstruct the situation – eat it forensics teams work inside and outside the cottage right away they think it's a staged break-in glass shards are on top rather than underneath the scattered clothes the large rock seems too heavy to be thrown from the ground to the first floor window and too big to go through the small crack between the shutters a handbag jewelry case camera and laptop computer are lying in full view there's a line of bloody shoe prints from Meredith's room to the front door and in the bathroom a bloody bear footprint is on the bath mat over four days investigators collect more than 400 items from the apartment photographing and filming their work Meredith's bra has been sliced off but when police bag it for evidence they noticed something is missing she's awesome Parliament go about it again yes this casino Roberta a masculine demography never compared to the country s e+ v to any other entries or exam when you solve a linear momentum with somehow the investigators leave without it a critical error that will haunt the prosecution case the autopsy shows Meredith has been strangled and stabbed on two sides of the neck possibly with two different knives the second fatal stab severed her thyroid artery there are 40 wounds too many police believe for one assailant to have inflicted alone the prosecution's view of what happened later disputed by the defense is shown in this reconstruction Meredith was trained in karate and must have encountered overwhelming force unas Tessa persona non booty back on tiempo en Ament a tener a one person couldn't all at the same time hold Meredith still and hold back her hands because there are very few defensive ways inflict those wounds with a smaller knife and then give her the fatal blow with the larger knife it is impossible not even Superman could do it Champa see Benecke super mentally she did the behavior of Amanda Knox and her boyfriend attracts attention Meredith's friends tell police that far from appearing distraught Amanda and Rafaela have been seen laughing and joking a vigil is held for Meredith but Amanda and Raffaella don't attend they go for dinner at a friend's instead and the prosecutor recalls why he was concerned by Amanda's behavior quando foo-foo la portada quest ella garcia Vader a nickel telling Sharon Ella when the girls were brought to see the knives that were in the kitchen reaction of Amanda it was a reaction she put her hands on her ears as if you were trying to block out a terrible sound she was hearing their ears it was like she was having a nervous breakdown he probably won't chedi Minto nervosa and then there was this one of the defining images of the case Amanda and Raffaella kissing outside the cottage where Meredith was murdered her supporters say this was only natural did they come for each other we've seen that famous footage of the two of them together they did what's wrong with any of that nothing it did appear to be wrong to some authorities November the fifth four days after the murder but a fayliss solicitor is called in for questioning Amanda goes with him and once again her behavior seems odd she does yoga and splits in the waiting room at this point the couple's alibi appears to fall apart Amanda had told police she'd spent the night of the murder at the rafail his apartment they cooked watched a film made love smoked marijuana and went to bed but separately but a famous story begins to change he's no longer sure if amanda was with him all night Amanda's called in for more questioning as she is only a witness at this stage an interpreter is present but she has no legal representation what happens next is crucial and one of the most controversial twists in the story police ask Amanda Knox about text messages on her phones in particular a message from her boss Patrick Lumumba of Empire don't come to work tonight because there aren't enough clients asked it's like Sunday I sent that message not to come for both in year Amanda had texted back see you later she says she just meant to see you around but police now want to know had Amanda arranged to meet Lumumba later that evening and taken him to her house at 1:45 in the morning Amanda breaks down this Agera and she says she had entered the house with him because he was attracted to Meredith and wanted to be with Meredith and she stayed in the kitchen and heard Meredith screams and he was the assassin that's what she says I think I mean did he sit police believed Amanda Knox's story they raid Patrick Lumumba home and take him in within hours his photo flashes around the world as one of the murder suspects but for the police Amanda Knox has now gone from witness to suspect if she's taken remember to Meredith she must have been at the house lay see a pasta Nellore del delito she put herself at the scene of the crime she admitted to accompanying Liz Moomba as if she were an accomplice in his project she was in the room next door when the crime happened in her version and this fact pushed the police to suspend the audition in order to protect her rights as pintura policia para jus Nina Garcia a suspender la adición a November 6 2007 Amanda Knox and Raffaele Isola Tito are arrested waiting to be taken to jail Amanda makes another attempt to tell police what happened with Lumumba by writing out an explanation in English she tells the police it's a present in my mind I saw Patrick in flashes of blurred images I saw him near the basketball court I saw him at my front door I saw myself cowering in the kitchen with my hands over my ears because in my head I could hear Meredith screaming but I've said this many times so as to make myself clear these things seem unreal to me like a dream I want to make it clear that I'm very doubtful of the Verity of my statements because they were made under the pressure of stress shock and extreme exhaustion but despite her uncertainty she doesn't retract her accusation Lumumba remains in jail pleading his innocence in the city square members of the African community protest his arrest Helen why you – Julie all say video Society Diwali the black man is always the thief and the assassin oh yes she wanted them to believe what she was saying it was just because I was black she was looking for someone in society who was credible there was a moment when she should have actually retracted that story there's a moment when she should have said no this is the wrong thing to do I am he was thrown into jail for two weeks so just over two weeks for something he did not do and he lost his livelihood at this point another African immigrant enters the story 20 year old Rudy Grady from the Ivory Coast is living in Perugia detectives find his bloody thumbprint on a pillowcase that was underneath Meredith's dead body because he's an immigrant they have his prints on file police raid his tiny bedsit apartment and test his toothbrush for DNA it matches traces found on Meredith's bra strap on her body and on the left sleeve of her pale blue sweatshirt Rudy gray day has fled the country he's arrested in Germany Perugia attorney Voltaire biscotti volunteers to defend him in Contra Costa God so I met this young man in his prison in shipping stop Germany and he seemed to me like a guy who was scared someone who was in the middle of a story that was bigger than him he was surprised to see a lawyer who arrived from Italy for him wound evoke Otto garavato Alitalia pet lui extradited back to Italy Rudy Grady confirms to police that he's lived in the country since the age of five a keen basketball player he'd met Amanda and Meredith after shooting hoops with students who lived in the apartment below there's they partied and smoked dope together meanwhile the case against Patrick Lumumba as outlined by Amanda Knox collapses a customer at the bar has given him an alibi and he's freed how did Amanda Knox come to mention Lumumba's name to police for the first time we can hear an audio tape of her explanation to the prosecutor a transcript of this was presented in court but not the audio accompanied by three lawyers and an interpreter on December the 17th 2007 Knox is asked why she told police Lumumba committed the crime whiskey silhouette are you mad you know why I read I was here it was after long hours in the middle of the night I was innocent they were telling me that I would feel because led shave a la policia telling me we know your house he knows you went out and was those know it before I sent Patrick name they were put some with shown on the message that I was telephone que cosa traditional male hey sister a policia pala Papa I wish I could understand what they were telling me that I was fine but it has some new year I've FSG machi booty boy premature death too otra vez de review means in that home that I had said happily I not included so what's the extent of the police evidence at this point it includes the knife found after a failure so legit apartment that they believe could be the murder weapon but they need more so return to the crime scene 46 days after the murder they find Meredith's bra clasp under a mat using rubber gloves they pick it up and inspect it it will become the most controversial piece of evidence in the investigation the defense will claim the delay in collecting it could have resulted in contamination investigators also for the first time use luminol to look for invisible bloodstains three clear footprints appear plus other small bloodstains more new evidence but it will be controversial in Seattle the campaign to prove Amanda is innocent is underway her family turned to a crisis communications firm and a group called Friends of Amanda it was just this kind of small group of people they were called the Americans and our offense I think there was one quote that the Americans was said in the Marines to get Amanda Knox I love Italy up in Italy and I have great respect for the courts I do think we have a rogue prosecutor in Italy it could speak against the prosecution you can be prosecuted so nobody can speak and it's a perfect storm of a potentially very unfair prosecution Amanda Knox's DNA has been found mixed together with Meredith Kercher's in five bloodstains in the flat Plus tests show the bear footprints made in blood matched the size and shape of Amanda's and her boyfriends feet and the kitchen knife from Raphael's apartment shows Amanda's DNA on the handle and a tiny trace of Meredith's DNA on the blade the clock spins forward almost one year to September 2008 Amanda Knox Raffaella Silesia Tov and Rudy Grady appear before a judge in Perugia with so much publicity now surrounding Knox grade-a OFT's to be tried quickly and separately me Sano convento a service if I was convinced that if he had been tried with the others that with all the international media clamour and the international pressure that would have been surrounding this trial they would have dumped all the blame on Rudy aviary burrows terracotta – – Zhu Li so you have to see the role that money plays if it be the USA or even here in your situation as a citizen or as a as a person as a suspect right you're not the justice system is not fair no matter where you are because money's gonna play a role the prosecution's case is a tabloid editors dream they say Amanda Knox Raffaele Sollecito and Rudy grade-a killed Meredith Kercher in a sex game gone wrong gray day denies this and pleads not guilty his defense is that he wasn't in the room when Meredith was murdered he was in the bathroom Meredith had invited him over he said when he got there Meredith was furious because money was missing and she was blaming Amanda he says he comforted Meredith and things got physical but they didn't have full sex he went to the toilet then says he heard Amanda into the apartment Lewis in Tito love or cherry Amanda he heard Amanda's voice as she came in he was in the bathroom or just about to go into the bathroom when then he really did put on his headphone didn't listen to music rap I think at full volume and then heard a scream he came out and came up against a male figure I encourage shot in gusto corridor una figure amass Kela Rudy grade-a says this man lunged at him with a knife cutting his hand the attacker then yelled black man found black man condemned and ran away Grady found Meredith bleeding in the other room he tried to stem the blood flow with towels and left a bloody thumbprint on the pillowcase but the bleeding didn't stop and Grady says he panicked louia jacket oh yeah you darlin he tried to help her he took her in his arms and should have called for help but he was scared and ran away and he feels guilty for this queenly louie berquist oh she sent a call Paola Rudy Guede a is found guilty of Meredith's murder and sentenced to 30 years the judges verdict says Rudy gray day did not act alone he's led away to prison Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito will now stand trial for the murder and sexual assault of Meredith Kercher January the 16th 2009 the trial begins the world's media is focused on Amanda Knox her face fills the front pages could this attractive bubbly all-american girl be capable of murder as they did at Rudy gray days trial the prosecution again suggests the murder was the result of a sex game gone wrong again this is strongly denied Amanda and Raffaella claimed they weren't in the house that night to support their case the prosecution produces evidence they claim places the couple at the scene of the murder first there's the DNA found in the bathroom the prosecution says it shows the mixed blood of Amanda Knox and Meredith Kercher in the b-day drain the sink drain and on a cotton bud box there is also a large drop of Amanda's blood on the bathroom tap according to the prosecutor this shows Amanda and Meredith were bleeding at the same time strong evidence there was a fight LaBrie principally saw no tragedy sanguinista the principal evidence was mixed blood traces from which were extracted mixed DNA of a Mandan Merida lead Equus a Mistura the only explanation for that mix is that Amanda was bleeding and touched objects that were covered in Meredith's blood your JD del baño Colima there's no other explanation determine Cheney's finale alternatiba but Amanda's lawyers say this proves nothing two young students living together means it's perfectly normal to find mixed blood and DNA in the bathroom they say it's possible Amanda's DNA isn't from her blood at all but from her saliva Sara Geno is the forensic biologist on Amanda Knox's defense team questo contests very sanguine in this case the test was done for blood but was the test done for saliva no so we can't know if inside that mixed race there was blood because it had been demonstrated or just saliva or maybe there was blood from both of those but what does that mean maybe someone had a bloody nose one time and then in another moment someone cut their finger and put it down and their blood got misawa say Miss Corrado then there was the kitchen knife found in a Refaeli selita's flat this say the prosecutors is the murder weapon which has been cleaned but they have found DNA of Amanda knocks on the handle and a miniscule amount of Meredith Kercher's DNA on the blade but the words too low are written on the DNA reports for the knife the test should never have been carried out say defense there's not enough reliable DNA when questioned by journalists the prosecution stands by its forensic evidence it is not too little the genetic profile is low but it is absolutely reliable in fact we were able to get it which means there is no uncertainty about the attribution of that profile to the victim more DNA evidence is presented this time on Meredith's bra clasp police say Rafaela silletti toes DNA is on one of the hooks this is the only evidence placing him in her bedroom there is no DNA evidence that puts Amanda in the room david balding a DNA statistician at university college london is recognized as one of the world's leading analysts in 2012 he is asked by the italian forensic association to study Meredith Kercher's bra clasp and to give an independent view on whether silletti toes DNA is present his findings are not part of the court case when you just look at the evidence by eye you can see very strongly all of Rafaela solicitors DNA types there and that can't be explained by any kind of just environmental contamination and I calculate how likely is the evidence under the prosecution assertion that that DNA is there from Rafaela solid suit oh and again how likely it is without him being present and the former is much greater than the latter so that's when I say that's extremely strong evidence but forensic experts representing the defense remain adamant that the bra clasp had been contaminated and is unreliable Luke wanted wada elegant a Totoro Jason okay cozy suitcases which as as far as the bra clasp is concerned what happened this bra clasp was collected 46 days after the first crime scene inspection and a mixture of biological material was found there was a profile tribute able to the victim which is normal and other material that was attributable to Raphael a solid sheet oh there were other traces but they were not attributed to anyone to contribute or even saw such a prezzie Nizami of course the history of that bra clasp is a bit unusual because it lay in the room for many days without being collected and so people are worried about the possibility of contamination arising from that I can't say anything directly because I wasn't there and I don't know the circumstances about the risk of contamination but what I can say is that contamination of DNA from passers-by is not an issue I've taken that into account in my the chance of at matching solicitor's DNA is extremely unlikely the defense also uses the crime scene video to question the DNA evidence presented by the prosecution I have it at the crime scene the videos bloody shoe prints cleaned up cleaned up not saved a bra strap I'm collected weeks and weeks and weeks after the initial collection that now supposedly connects Amanda raffaeli and Meredith but the prosecution keeps producing evidence they say connects Amanda Knox and Raffaele Isola Tito to the crime scene in Prague days as dad Amanda's footprints at the which were revealed by the luminol show DNA attributed to Mara which means Amanda was walking in bare feet covered in blood sparkly sandwich they argue this is proof the couple came back during the night to clean up and staged the break-in leaving blood-stained footprints in the bathroom and corridor the defense says there is no proof the prints actually were bloodstains the luminol may have revealed another substance such as bleach the prosecution also presents evidence to challenge the couple's story of what they did that night and the next morning they show Raphael s cellphone was turned on at 6:02 a.m. despite their claim they slept until 10:00 then there was the telephone call to the Carabinieri when Salette Ito knew nothing had been stolen and failed to mention the postal police were at the scene they also questioned Raphael Isola to toes changing alibi and present eyewitnesses who contradict Knox and Salah to tell stories in court the prosecution accuses Amanda Knox of being the leader of a sexual attack on Meredith they say this was payback for Meredith's disapproval of Amanda's lifestyle discussion in John Ferraro di Guerra comprised of Internet's V American was always part of the case I think that night Amanda wanted to make Meredith pay for judging her but she found offensive ah Meredith Ted una Judy Tok Lai Evert Iroquois offensive on a soy confront girl from Seattle the work three jobs to get to Italy to study abroad an honor student from Seattle prep doesn't overnight in my experience turn in to a depraved murderous overnight the colds claims make difficult hearing for the Knox family obviously listening to those types of things were you know it's horrible and I mean it was all-out attack on her character by individuals that have no idea who she truly is as a person one of the things that we have tried to do this entire time is is obviously support him and by always having somebody over here somebody to visit her and stuff like that and we have to stay strong in order for her to stay strong June the 12th 2009 Amanda Knox spends two days on the stand to tell her version of the story millions worldwide watch her explanation of why she put the pub owner Patrick Lumumba in the frame wasn't trying to protect anyone – our brother John Dory suno and it continued to put so much emphasis continue on amigo Siddhanta and fuzzy on this message I had received from massage Joe Garagiola Patrick and so it windy I almost was your crazy killer even control her case is this she was at Raphael s house when the murder happened watching a movie and reading her emails they stopped watching the film at 9:30 she can't prove it because two of their three computers were damaged when police tried to search the hard drives throughout the year long trial Meredith's family fly in from London to testify and witness the key hearings they try to keep the focus on Meredith and their quest for justice the 3rd of December 2009 the eve of the verdict Amanda's family arrives to hear her plea for freedom she knows that she's innocent and has had nothing to do with this and we're just very hopeful that the court will see and be able to see that in the evidence that's been presented Amanda is now almost fluent in Italian yo non sono Calma questa journée escrito son folio davontea make a veto power depend Ramos Tessa HOA Opa Opa hora dia very own amass courage asesina for Tata Sonia tell em the fourth of December 2009 three hundred and twenty three days since the trial started the verdict is broadcast around the world in order ice cream please guilty of murder 25 years for Raffaele Sollecito and 26 for Amanda Knox the extra year for slandering Patrick Lumumba the Kircher's Italian lawyer is satisfied Jollibee felitti ilk important the failed alibis the behavior of selector and Knox's statements the slander of Patrick Lumumba Union I confronted a Lumumba so not too deep these are all elements that once put together allow the determination of guilt Chopra a quest a unity Karachi own ad culpable Itza but Knox's family keeps tight-lipped as they leave the courtroom this lack push back when they return to Seattle they immediately start preparing her appeal there's not one piece of physical evidence to link this girl to his crime they draft legal forensic and political consultants from the US and Italy to strengthen the defense team it takes a year to get to the appeal November the 24th 2010 by now Knox and Sollecito have been in jail for three years this time there is a new judge and a new prosecutor Giancarlo Costa Yola available a new booster on la elección despite the fact that there had already been a conviction the deputy judge said at the beginning of the hearing that the only thing that was certain was that a girl was dead pratik a metal única cosa chica era ki Montone evidence Amanda Knox and Raffaele Isola Tito's defense teams decide to focus on Rudy Guede a they call prison inmates convicted criminals to testify that Wei de has confessed to them in prison June the 27th 2011 Rudy Grady takes the stand by now after an appeal his sentence has been cut from 30 to 16 years he denies he made a jailhouse confession and is asked about a letter he has written claiming Amanda Knox and Raffaele s alleged O killed Meredith the key focus of the appeal is on the DNA knocks and Kircher's DNA on the knife silletti toes on the bra clasp is it enough to place the defendants at the crime scene or not the court appoints independent experts karla vacati and stefano Conti from the University of Sapienza Rome to review the science their report is scathing about prosecution forensic methods they cite us manuals and standards highlighting errors made when the evidence was collected they do find a new trace of DNA on the knife from Sallee Tito's kitchen that hasn't been tested however they argue it's too small to be of use this report helps the judge focus his decision on whether there is reasonable doubt about the DNA samples for Meredith's mother and the rest of her family the hearings are agonizing that like everything she went through the fear and and the tear out and not marry with one and she didn't carry one there October the 3rd 2011 Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito await their fate for the second time in Omid a pop or italiano' la corte di acedia pelo de Perugia a solvent rambly patottie de ávila screech a copy a beachy ad Donna Virgo mr. Sarto not guilty there is sufficient doubt for Amanda Knox and Raffaele is alleged Oh to be released immediately I'm Deanna Knox Amanda Knox's sister and I serve a few words on behalf of our family we're thankful that Amanda's nightmare is over she's suffered for four years for a crime that she did not commit but Rafael I had nothing to do with the murder of that poor girl Meredith Kercher who remains in our hearts some in the gathering crowd become increasingly agitated about the verdict there were people out on the stairs in front of the courthouse and for a long time they yelled shame on you a dark sedan ferries Amanda Knox away to a safe house deep in the Italian countryside for an emotional reunion with relatives after almost four years in jail while Meredith's family is left stunned and pained by the acquittal and there's not a lot about what actually happened we were beginning very difficult from keep her memory and I agree with it the media's photos will be of Amanda Knox arriving home at Seattle Airport and I'm really overwhelmed right now um I was looking down from the airplane and it seemed like everything wasn't real um what's important for me to say is just thank you to everyone who's believed in me who's defended me who's supported my family um Amanda finds a home in Seattle's international district and returns to the University of Washington to study creative writing she starts writing a book about her experience reportedly receiving a full million dollar advance although claims that all of the money goes on legal expenses back in Italy Rudy Grady is still in prison where he has been beaten up by inmates he has begun studying to build himself a future and will soon be eligible for parole for a while this seems like the end of the story but fate or the Italian justice system has another couple of twists in store now it's the turn of the prosecution to appeal and on the 26th of March 2013 Italy's highest court known as the Court of Cassation orders a new trial overturning Amanda Knox and Raffaele Isola Tito's acquittals they say the first appeal did not debate many of the 10,000 pages from the first trial focusing too much on the DNA evidence September the 30th 2013 the second appeal begins this time the drama switches to the birthplace of the Renaissance Florence Amanda Knox isn't in the courtroom she refuses to travel from America and defends her decision on television only Raphael Isola to toe is present in court he makes a plea to the judge and jury yo quiero mi mente D Porter Gwadar a large Alta Naruto do to talk with avi Chanda Eddie consider RL Brazos Valley okay Sato photo unlike in the appeals court this judge orders a police forensics lab in room to test the new trace of DNA found on the kitchen knife it's a miniscule amount from where the blade meets the handle the new test finds that the DNA matches Amanda Knox prosecutors say it further proves her involvement in the murder but the defense says the most likely explanation is that Amanda used the knife when staying at Raphael his apartment the 30th of January 2014 six years and two months after Meredith Kercher's murder the second appeal of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Isola to toe is coming to a close the judgment watched by the world Salette Ito doesn't wait to hear the verdict speeding off in a taxi Amanda Knox stays in the United States plagued by the same fear she shared on television shortly after 9:30 p.m. local time after deliberating for more than 12 hours the judge and jury enter the hall de Leon Hotel cæsar pero difference in El Presidente finale contra Knox Amanda Marie Celeste Raphael a digital Manalapan F written exam and American president in an event om Isis ad reclusion confirm a nervous tone in pinatas intense this time an even longer sentence 28 years and six months for Amanda Knox 25 years for Rafael Sollecito the lawyers give their verdict fresh way mediatic when this trial has been media driven everything has been amplified these kids were taken to prison four days after the body was found they were the first suspect and never lost that image she sees faka dealer will imagine a system closure some idiotic if it was a media driven a trial it's not due to the Khurshid family who have been absolutely sizing so if we're talking about a media circus we need to look at the behavior of the suspects and their followers of the load off into logic in court the victim of Amanda Knox's original slander Patrick Lumumba is relieved he's been awarded 40,000 euros compensation Ella VTech I'm getting most of my life has changed a lot but when you have tane justice like this evening you feel more encouraged to start all over again Rafaela silletti toe has disappeared but the next day police find him 250 miles away at a hotel near the Austrian border they confiscate his passport his lawyers say he wasn't trying to flee the country he remained free until his final appeal anybody losing anyone close to them is hard losing somebody so young and the way that we did is obviously a hundred times worse and then on top of that to have all the the media attention that has gone on for so long just makes it very very difficult to cope with I think we all definitely want some form of closure I'll even just having it almost an end of the Italian justice system and knowing that that's the final decision and then we can all start to remember just Meredeth rather than focusing on who did it or what happened the day of the final appeal came yet another year later on the 25th of March 2015 seven and a half years from when Meredith was brutally murdered in the hillside cottage in Perugia Italy's Supreme Court of Cassation was called upon to decide whether or not to uphold the guilty verdict with no cameras allowed in court the media camped out on the stairs of the imposing Palace of the Supreme Court interviewing lawyers as they came and went Amanda Knox's lawyers argued her Florence conviction was a grave judicial error while Rafaela Silesia tous lawyers likened him to Forrest Gump there's familiar with the story of fire that Gump innocent – l'm gigantic a crazy thing esophagus after a day and a half of final arguments the panel of five judges retired to deliberate journalists and legal observers reflected on the possible outcomes Amanda Knox and her family awaited the decision in Seattle while Rafaela silletti toe went back home to Bari after ten hours of deliberation shortly before 11 p.m. the final verdict was pronounced the guilty verdict was sensationally overturned Amanda Knox and Raffaele Isola Tito were cleared of all charges except for Amanda's slander of Patrick Lumumba I'm incredibly grateful for what has happened for justice I've received we must no longer suggest any possible involvement of Rafael is so legit Oh enough enough enough Francesco Morasca the Kercher's lawyer was stunned as well lapa dalla fini jung-min is fed Dallas the final word came with Friday's verdict that declared the innocence of the two accused although it did refer to the second Clause of Article five three zero which relates to insufficient evidence agenda then the little Shia landowner Sufi Chen said achhamma Fuji della paura support Darya no soul open for Toronto City Guard Sharon Bock efficacy most attorney dr. Monica so was that they were acquitted without a retrial so this is where it ends young queen that Meredith's memory has touched many over the years has been some solace to her family we know Meredith is remembered but as law said it's actually almost there the horrific circumstances that have been forgotten of how she was actually taken from us seven and a half years have passed since the death of Meredith Kercher Amanda Knox and Raffaele Isola Tito have been found not guilty of her murder for which Rudy Grady alone is in jail the very same Court of Cassation ruled he did not act alone no attempt is being made to find other culprits leaving many unanswered questions for the Kircher family who may never know what happened to Meredith that tragic night of the first of November 2007 I you
Views:1741|Rating:5.00|View Time:10:17Minutes|Likes:4|Dislikes:0 Lake Union, Seattle’s urban gem, is ringed by familiar structures which have been repurposed but have vibrant stories from the past. Three of them—Gas Works Park, the Ford Motor Assembly Plant (now Shurgard Storage) and the Naval Reserve Armory (now MOHAI) —represent Seattle’s industrious past. We’ll learn the stories behind these three landmarks, and how their transformations are part of Seattle’s innovative present day. Learn more at:
>> Narrator: At the north end of lake union, one man had a vision to reclaim the past. ¶¶ It was the project of a lifetime. >> I call it new eyes for all. Just taking a different look at our past and saying, hey, wait a minute, this has value. >> Narrator: To imagine a new purpose for an industrial relic on lake union by designing a park that keeps it for future generations. >> Look at that tower. That iconic tower, the one out there on the point. ¶¶ I got to say that. And see if we can hang a park on the skeleton of these old industrial buildings. >> Narrator: Gasworks park is a place on the lake where there have always been competing visions. It was once called browns point. >> So we're looking back to a layer of settlement homesteading really, where the north end of the lake was really quite bucolic. >> Reporter: In 1903, the Olmstead brothers, designers of New York's central park, said browns point should be a industry park, but a competing industrial vision won out. And in 1906, the Seattle gas and lighting company was built to make gas from coal. >> So by 1930, we find this gas used for heating, for lighting, and for cooking, being piped through more than 1,000 miles of gas line pipe from lake forest park all the way to Kent. >> Narrator: But the refinery was dirty and became an unwelcome neighbor on the lake. By the 1950s, the arrival of cheap natural gas made it obsolete. >> The plant had closed in 1956. It really was just left alone for years and there's lots of chatter about these rusting, ugly, dangerous nuisances. ¶¶ ¶ everybody's talking about the big world's fair in Seattle ¶¶ >> Narrator: The 1962 world's fair and its focus on the future brought new eyes and new ideas for Seattle's urban lake. >> 10 million people came to that fair. And Seattleites were really encouraged to revision their city. ¶¶ >> Narrator: After over 50 years, the idea of a grand park resurfaced. >> I call it iron Gothic at one time. >> Reporter: The city turned to Richard Hague to create an urban park. His idea? Integrate the industrial past and clean it up. >> The site was so poison, it was sterile. >> Reporter: Hague mounted up the worst of the soil, covered it with bioremediating layers, to create new contours that include kite hill. >> This is a game changer in landscape architecture. >> Narrator: It was the first park in north America to preserve industrial structures on such a scale. Over 100 years since the park was first proposed at browns point, gasworks park has become Seattle's gathering place. >> It's the place to look at the fireworks from, it's the place to propose to people at, it's our central place at the north end of the lake. >> Narrator: New eyes for old. >> I just love this place. It's my imagination, the centerpiece of my life. >> Narrator: At the other end of lake union, another story of innovation began 100 years ago. In June 1909, a transcontinental car race ended in Seattle at the world's fair. Thousands of people gathered to see who would win. ¶¶ >> And the first car across the finish line was a model T of the of. This was Henry Ford himself to greet the winner. And it was the biggest publicity stunt ever. >> Narrator: The model T was the car everyone wanted. Ford met the huge demand in 1913 with an innovative moving assembly line in Detroit. >> And just a few months later, he built his first plant outside Detroit, here in Seattle, on fairview avenue. He decided that he was going to reach a national market by putting the source of production close to where the market was. ¶¶ >> Narrator: The sleek Ford assembly plant at the southeast corner of lake union was a dramatic change from nearby boat yards and saw mills. >> The Ford motor assembly plant is high technology. Bringing what was called knock-down parts from Detroit by rail, fenders and other body parts, chassises, engines, up on the fourth floor, the frames were assembled to an assembly line that moved six feet a minute. >> Foot by foot, it would move through the building, workers were lined up and each worker would add one specific element. By the time you got to the first floor, the key was turned in the ignition and the car literally drove out the door. And in some cases, it was driven directly to the customers who had ordered the cars. ¶¶ >> Narrator: In the northwest, driving was new adventure. Drivers took their model Ts everywhere and used them for everything. Ford employed hundreds of people. And in 1914, paid them at least $5 a day, doubling the prevailing wage of Seattle's traditional factories. On special occasions, the plant would hold an open house. 1927 was a banner year because the new model A was introduced. >> 50,000 people lined up outside that plant, snaking for blocks, all afternoon, to view the model As. And there were eight models there, a roadster, a coupe, a sedan. ¶¶ >> Narrator: The model A's popularity meant the end of the line for assembly at lake union. In 1932, the plant closed, and Ford built a new larger plant in south Seattle on the Duwamish river. >> Problem was it got into production in 1932, right at the depths of the depression, only stayed in business for about six months, only turned out a few hundred cars. It was a big bust. And the plants closed down by '33, and that was the end of Seattle as being a car manufacturing center. >> Narrator: Henry Ford's assembly plant, now a Seattle city landmark, stands today next to a new generation of innovators at south lake union. ¶¶ Within sight of the old forth plant is the lake's oldest story and latest transformation. ¶¶ South lake union was home to Duwamish camps, where native people fished and hunted. When settlers came, it was a place for their industries. >> The first significant industry at the south end of the lake is 1882, that's when the western mill opened. >> Narrator: Industry, saw mills, power plants, shipping and boat yards, defined the area for decades. >> It was a pretty well-used part of the city. Lake union is where we rolled up our sleeves and got to work. ¶¶ >> Narrator: When the great depression closed the big mill at south lake union, the government built a naval reserve armory on the site. It opened on December 7th, 1942. >> So not only train folks to serve in the navy, it actually gave them a building that replicated a ship. So there is a replicated bridge where guys learned how to navigate and essentially steer battleships. So just about everything you would need to be a fully functioning member of a battleship, you could be trained on here at this building on dry land in Seattle. >> Narrator: After World War II, the naval reserve center kept officers ready for call-ups, from the Korean war into the Vietnam era. They were planning platforms for reservists and attractions for Seattle residents. >> I think the best known is the bow fin, the submarine that many, many Seattle school kids remember visiting and being toured around on board the ship. >> Narrator: In 2000, the navy deeded the armory and the land to the city, asking that it remain in public use. >> And then in 2005, the city approached MOHAI, and said, what if we were to take this great building with all its history and all its beautiful character, and make it a museum that shares the Seattle story for everybody? And we at MOHAI said absolutely, that's what needs to be. And for the last few years, we've been working hard. And today, the naval center is now the museum of history and industry. And it comes to life here. Building whats a whole new purpose but the residence of the building is here just as it was when it first opened in 1942. >> Narrator: The lake is a story of many places and many visions with many transformations to come. Lake union will always be a mirror that reflects Seattle's character. 00:09:41.406, ¶¶
Views:|Rating:|View Time:Minutes|Likes:[vid_likes]|Dislikes:[vid_dislikes] When it comes to power couples, Sue Bird and Megan Rapinoe might be Seattle’s biggest. The Seattle Storm and Reign FC superstars have been dating for …
Views:69570|Rating:4.74|View Time:3:7Minutes|Likes:721|Dislikes:40 USWNT co-captain and NWSL Seattle Reign FC star striker, Megan Rapinoe (“Pinoe”) and her girlfriend WNBA Seattle Storm star point guard, Sue Bird are welcomed home to rousing applause by fans and the mayor alike after Pinoe and Team USA won the 2019 Women’s World Cup (“WWC”) in France. The basketball game where Pinoe was honored for her achievements in Europe was held at the University of Washington’s Alaska Airlines Arena where the Seattle Storm defeated the Dallas Wings 95-81 on July 12th, 2019.
The USWNT won the WWC for the second consecutive time and fourth overall in franchise history by defeating the Netherlands 2-0 in the July 7th, 2019 final held at Stade de Lyon in France. Pinoe captured the golden ball as mvp and best player of the tournament (she was also named player of the match) and took home the golden boot as the top scorer having been equal on points with co-captain and NWSL Orlando Pride star striker, Alex Morgan with six goals and three assists but having played less minutes (the tiebreaker).
#MeganRapinoe #SueBird #SeattleStorm
to me you'll let me hold your hand let me hold you I wanna hole being back in Seattle is so lovely flying in last night going over the city seeing the sound be able to sleep in my own bed it was like well I have a game on was it Friday a game and I'm like well alright let's go this is normal life here so yeah I was lovely today I received a great reception got to say was doing over here oh here so yeah it was good day overall [Applause] she definitely wins a lot more but I definitely talk a lot more so I think together were for the perfect well look who has graced us with her presence is there any more recognizable young lady on the right Megan Rapinoe world cup superstar mayor of Seattle there Jimmy Durkin and of course his scooper as well and there's the pause that suppose we were away before my god well look who has graced us with her presence is there any more recognizable once or twice Megan Rapinoe world cup superstar and there's the pause there's the polls we were waiting for
Views:720|Rating:5.00|View Time:2:37Minutes|Likes:24|Dislikes:0 (12 Dec 2018) Washington state is finishing construction on its largest wildlife bridge. The structure will form two arches above busy Interstate 90 east of Seattle to allow elk, bear, wolverines, deer and other migrating animals to safely cross the highway. (Dec. 12)
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Views:|Rating:|View Time:Minutes|Likes:[vid_likes]|Dislikes:[vid_dislikes] Kenny Sherr, Associate Professor in Global Health at the University of Washington School of Public Health, explains what implementation science is and how it …
Views:3637408|Rating:4.61|View Time:1:36Minutes|Likes:65229|Dislikes:5507 KOMO’s Eric Johnson explores the impact the drug and homelessness problem is having on our city and possible solutions in “Seattle is Dying.”
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let me ask you something what if Seattle is dying and we don't even know it this story is about a seething simmering anger that is now boiling over into outrage it is about people who have felt compassion yes but who no longer feel safe no longer feel like they are heard no longer feel protected it is about lost souls who wonder our streets untethered to home or family or reality chasing a drug which in turn chases them it is about the damage they inflict on themselves to be sure but also on the fabric of this place where we live this story is about a beautiful jewel that has been violated and a crisis of faith amongst a generation of Seattle i'ts falling out of love with their home there is another part of this story – it's about a solution an idea for a city that has run out of them and I ask again what if Seattle is dying and we don't even know it I Drive my 12 year olds carpool through Yesler when we do carpool and it's a good talking point about you know what they're seeing what we can do to help you know how we can make a difference and honestly at this point I don't have a good answer for how we can make a difference the last five to ten years it's not the place that I grew up in and it's been really sad Matt Campbell lives and works in Seattle he's raising a family and like many others he's mad it's it's gotten to a point where I'm embarrassed of it I don't want to have my friends and family come here anymore people didn't use to use the word embarassing about Seattle but if you listen closely you'll hear it a lot now you know it's embarrassing this is this is one of the most beautiful regions in the entire world and right now with lack of a better word it looks like and it's embarrassing this is Mehrdad Derek Shaun day he runs an upholstery shop in ballard near the burke gilman trail see if you can't feel his frustration this is not right out his window he looks at this oh they're human yes I'm human beings you customers coming to his shop see the same thing I have known cops from Compton Watts South Central you have some power in their hand here you should want your twinkle toes running around here what the heck because they're on the city like that they're having problems they are having problems they're not having enough authority there were fires set outside his shop this past summer and mr. Derek Shaun day does not blame police he believes their power has been stripped away city mayor doesn't give the cops authority that's the problem we need somebody with some weights and tell them it's not legal living on sidewalk it's city ordinance it's not legal living here why can't we enforce the law last May 2nd at a town-hall meeting in Bali simmering anger boiled over into all-out rage so why do we see so many people living outdoors will you manage these camps and will you enforce the law there is evolved a profound disconnect and rarely has it been more vividly laid out than in this exchange poverty crime is candid violence is committed you need to call 911 you've lost all credibility when you say you said two words you said call 9-1-1 you understand that the police have told us to vote you all out so that they could do their jobs the way we're living in beautiful Siena people are angry furious about the way we are living let's look for a moment at property crimes for the 20 biggest cities in the country New York City in 2017 had 1448 property crimes per 100,000 residents Los Angeles was just over 2,500 Chicago 3263 and look at Seattle 5258 the only major city with a worse number is San Francisco which is dealing with the same problems for the same reasons that we are they topped the 6000 mark it's not your imagination the crime here the burglaries the theft the stealing of cars is worse than in other big cities and in most cases it's way worse and then you walk down the street and you see a wretched soul like this consumed by demons maybe madness maybe drugs maybe both this is what suffering looks like this is pain ranting and raving screaming silently coming completely unraveled before our eyes and then tomorrow he'll wake up and relive the nightmare all over again starving eating trash from a garbage can look at the people walked by of course they're not shocked how could they be they see it every day how can this be who we are how can this be what we allow how did the word compassion get twisted into this sickening reality the Puget Sound Business Journal estimates that Seattle in its outlying areas spend 1 billion dollars addressing and responding to the homeless situation every year and they say that number is almost certainly underestimated nonprofits city and county budgets police calls to homeless camps hospital services building tiny houses drug treatment and outreach picking up needles clearing out camps garbage details chain-link fencing and the more money we throw at the problem the worse it gets but of course what is happening in King County and on the streets of Seattle isn't about dollars it's about human lives how can this be the right thing to do how can watching human beings live and die in filth and degradation and madness be right the cost isn't a billion dollars a year the cost is quality of life the cost is people not wanting to take their families downtown anymore families not feeling safe in their own neighborhoods the cost is people no longer feeling like they are her no longer feeling protected the cost is people dying in the streets and the rest of us getting used to seeing it numb to the suffering the cost is incalculable how did we get to this point this is a list of familiar faces repeat offenders people who break the laws get caught get released and break the laws again and again and again there are a hundred names on the list Scott Lindsey is the man who dived into public records and researched the list take somebody into the jail don't give him meaningful help and then put him right back out on the streets we know they're going to commit the same crimes in the same places and our public records our criminal justice records really show that that's exactly what's happening look at the sheer volume of criminal cases Calvin a 68 criminal cases since 2002 repeated random assaults on random individuals drainin b54 criminal cases since 2016 michelle see 72 cases since 2000 and the list goes on and on Seattle's mayor says this it is wrong to conflate homelessness with a rising crime for at least 100 people it would at the very least appear to be a factor of the 100 that you looked at what percentage of them were homeless now from our criminal justice records one-hundred percent had indicators that they were currently homeless and what percent showed signs of addiction yeah 100 percent also showed signs of a substance use disorder and what percent were mentally ill yeah a little less than half had been evaluated by the courts formally for mental health conditions serious severe mental health conditions on average the people on the list had 36 criminal cases each in the state of Washington and seven jail bookings in the last year what this report also shows is that the police are working hard they're making contacts they're making arrests for criminal behaviors of again the same people in the same places over and over and over what I think we need to focus on is what is our criminal justice system doing to support those police officers the 100 names had between them more than 3600 criminal cases for the most part few have done serious time they are out in our community walking our streets the drain on the system the drain on resources and manpower is incalculably the fact that this system could go on with in effect a hundred percent failure rate for so long without anybody raising questions without city council at hosting hearings without any action being taken is something that it's hard for me to explain Richard Patton is 55 years old born and raised in Seattle he works for the county he looks around at Seattle's post-apocalyptic landscape and is amazed but this is this borders on the same I mean we're allowing ourselves to participate in an insane practice that that is affording people it's heartbreaking it's heartbreaking Richard started a Facebook page called Seattle looks like it's not meant to be funny it's meant to be sad pictures speak for themselves I started grabbing a few photographs in the area posting those and and that the name of the site as I Drive around look I just say to myself so yeah it looks like we're fed up with it I was fed up with it that's why I started the page day after day one after another the pictures on the page from every corner of the Emerald City being a picture of rots and filth that is being allowed to fester on the streets and in the lots and under the overpasses of a once proud City it looks like a third-world it looks you know junkyard I'm not heartless but I don't see I don't see that what we're doing now is helping anybody and it hasn't gotten better Seattle police are afraid to speak out for two years we've tried to get cops to talk about what they see every day about what's really happening on the streets and behind the scenes more than once the word terrified was used cops are terrified of losing their jobs and pensions terrified of retaliation and so we put out some generic questionnaires which were filled out by completely anonymous police officers their responses are i opening frightening and at i'm sad one officer wrote simply yes I am frustrated because I'm a law enforcement officer that is told not to enforce the law another wrote it's simple start keeping criminals in jail judges need to stop giving them ridiculously low sentences and prosecutors need to stop accepting cheesy plea deals and actually lock people up when they commit a crime that's all it would take to drastically lower Seattle's crime rate another officer said people come here because it's called free adil and they believe if they come here they will get free food free medical treatment free mental health treatment a free tent free clothes and will be free of prosecution for just about everything and they're right it didn't used to be that way law enforcement officers used to be able to enforce the laws this officer continues in the last five years there has been a culture shift and it started with the legislature decriminalizing felonies and dumping convicts onto the streets and then there is this an officer says even if quality warrant arrests are made the judicial system sees fit to let them out of jail within a couple of days often the next day why are we risking our lives take felony level fugitives into custody if they're just going to be released prosecutor's office and judges alike seem to be drinking all the kool-aid causing a huge disconnect and a broken system absolutely no teeth that is Travis Bergy stretching out before we interviewed him he came from Reno four years ago he's a musician a big personality and he has problems you're a user right what um what's your drug of choice um I use methamphetamines yeah and I try to at least use it once a day but I don't really consider myself a drug abuser the shit is amazing you like the man I love it remember that list of familiar faces Travis is on it thirty-four criminal cases in four years things like assault attempted rape trespassing you're on a list you know nice there's a list of the the 100 they came out with the hunt 100 frequent flyer brilliantly faces everything of all these where which one am I which number on the list yeah oh you're up there nice you're up there I was just saying like I've definitely been the most in Seattle guaranteed Travis put the bike down Travis this is body cam footage of an incident on 1st and pike a little more than a year ago Travis put the bike down it started with property destruction and escalated into assaulting police officer a bunch of cops were deployed where you spit on that pop them hey no biting it lasted hours well I'm actually not even high right now Travis is outrageously unapologetic about his life and his world he could care less about yours do you steal for your habit I actually just started stealing last Monday I started stealing and f oh my god dude that was one of the hardest sacrifices is to like do unrighteous things in front of my dudes Travis just relax Travis do you want a smoke Travis you want a smoke or a candy bar oh but um will you continue to do that oh I'm having a blast now it is so much fun what should the system do with a guy like you um I think that this system has has done what any viable legitimate system would and they've really like exalted me and like some deference and and love towards me like I don't feel like I'll ever be arrested again I haven't been in jail for like a year and three months or so you know so a change like that responded to big change definitely shows that I have conquered the criminal justice system want to know the sad part the truly frustrating part he's probably right there was a police officer named Todd web key he prided himself on getting his boots dirty on meeting the people on the fringes in the camps he tried to find common ground as human beings and he tried to police he wrote a blog for a long time first-person musings about patrolling what happens in the dark shadows of West Seattle not long ago he wrote this this week I dealt with crisis with narcotics with heartache and with Liars sometimes all at once sometimes one at a time I am helpless to unlock the doors when dealing with a person trapped in a horror inside of their own mind lord I try but I am a limited man with just a little skill I still love coming to work we have an awesome city with the ability to adapt and overcome the only way to lose is to not try we are trying to solve this crisis and we will not lose and then one day this past October Todd Webb he was told by one superior to impound an RV and clean up the spot and when he did it's another superior scolded him for doing so because of new protocol he had a belly full and he walked into HR and he quit retired just like that I feel like I abandoned the ship that I walked away that and I did because I couldn't do it anymore it was just the bureaucracy built up to the point where I felt like I was no longer necessary as a police officer that the system had a different idea of how they wanted to handle it and I was in appendix I needed to be gone so I'm gone ask anyone they'll tell you this was a good cop the kind we won out there the kind we need but I will tell you that there is no morale there's a love for the job he says the drugs the camps the theft the rot and the disgrace of it all don't have to destroy Seattle they're being allowed to everybody's trying to do the right thing it's just coming out wrong listen to these next words carefully let them sink in you know I've said it before and I'll say it again that the only thing I can equate it to is we're running a concentration camp without barbed wire up to and including the medical that experiment of poisoning these people with drugs I I don't know how else to put it and it's infuriating every camp I walk into there was a weapon multiple weapons I found modified weapons I was constantly on the side of the road talking to people that were swinging machetes holding an axe armed with knives our city has even gone so far as to say well this much of narcotics on your person's okay three grams yeah hey that's okay so that's user quantity so you know when you start you know that process and people feel secure and okay having their drugs on them what's to stop them from doing it how do you now you're pretty much okaying narcotics and the same officers that used to go out there and arrest them are now rendered impotent and can't do anything about it and it's just a matter of political will on the part of our city to go out there and say hey you can't park your motor home in this driveway with no engine in it with all this filth around it you can't do it it's wrong and stop them I gotta say man this is really now I am in heaven he's in Hobart now he bought a horse ranch and shares it with his family and these friends so this is Griff here the white guy all right they're little nervous of the camera so horses are amazing they they are 900 pound chickens and before we left this good cop who is now an ex-cop there was one more question for him and if you live in the city that Tod we be used to Patrol if the people you love and take care of our here with you trying to live a good life then his answer should send shivers down your spine let me ask you this knowing what you know having seen what you've seen if you had a young family would you raise them in Seattle right now absolutely not if it no no there is a cemetery in Seattle a Jewish cemetery campers and RVs parked next to it and stay this man Arie Hoffman this shouldn't be happening in civilized society says the cemetery has been violated repeatedly prostitutes were working the woods drug addicts were working the woods our grounds keepers come in on Monday morning and they find everything from a weekend of fun which is needles on the ground crystal meth on the tombstones other drugs garbage they leave their garbage outside they see feces on the tombstones that's left over from whatever happened the night before by the way the name of the cemetery is beaker Halim it means helping those who are sick you're mad aren't you I'm furious I'm beyond furious this has pushed me to a whole new limit let's get the sandbags off this one we're gonna pull the whole thing forward ari has a company that sets up bouncy houses at concerts and festivals he says it's not just the Jewish cemetery that's being desecrated it's everywhere and I used to say this place is great because the streets are so clean it's so beautiful you walk down the streets now they smell like urine the cemeteries are being desecrated people can't go to parks with their kids because there's needles everywhere my office bullets come flying through the windows at us it's out of control it's non-stop and this we we deserve better and it's all preventable it's all avoidable it's all fixable it didn't have to get like this I wish I had faith in my government but after two meetings with council members and nothing's changed I don't really expect anything to change we're gonna have to do this ourselves thanks for coming down guys a couple of months after that interview was done ari Hoffman who was thrust into the spotlight because he voiced his outrage who had no political aspirations of any kind and who was urged by friends and frustrated citizens decided to run for City Council and he has no future political aspirations beyond the council the other day he said I want to fix Seattle and then go back to work a report received is when police file a report of a case requesting that the City Attorney's office file charges on behalf of the city back in 2006 for every 100 reports received 25 of them didn't get filed how times have changed in 2016 the latest data we have for every 100 police reports 46 of them almost twice as many didn't get filed nothing happened at all they were completely ignored of the remaining 54 of the original 100 one third of them were then outright dismissed thrown out another third were listed as other with no resolution so only 18 of the original 100 reports filed by police actually result in convictions 18 and of those 18 convictions after plea deals and lenient sentences very few cases end up with anyone really being held accountable those are 2016 numbers we have no reason to believe the trends haven't continued since then the real homeless you don't see out-of-work truckers or construction workers who've run into bad luck don't live like this in tents on mud patches this is something different this is drugs heroin meth citizens know it this is also a drug problem I've only heard it being mentioned as a housing problem this is a drug problem the quote-unquote homeless know it too I have not met anyone else on the street who's not in some phase of addiction I mean of use of serious use then I think that that's the starting point you just have to address that you have to figure out that out so I want to make sure I got that correct I would say a hundred percent of the people that I have met out here are in some level of addiction a hundred percent yeah every single person every single person on that out of here but listen closely we constantly refer to it as a homeless crisis not a drug crisis the fractured siloed of homelessness in our region help combat the homelessness epidemic homelessness crisis you have a crisis around housing and homelessness if we won't even name the thing that is destroying Seattle what hope do we have of fixing it Matt Markovic is a reporter for Como he's out in the camps amongst the homeless and the addicted almost every day that's a woman I've been talking with right over there she's running they're trying to make this a park and she's leading the spearheaded effort that woman lives right there right what will it take for you to get off the street Matt is responsible for Como's projects Seattle stories his is a unique perspective a frequent witness to the underbelly of the Emerald City with the eye of a reporter it's a miserable life it really is you have no place to go to the bathroom fires are prohibited most places your biggest thing is theft everybody complains about theft there's no safe spot here at all he's seen it all the rats the human waste the cold the torment you wouldn't wish this life on your worst enemy no right no but it's remarkable that people are choosing this even though you hear the statistics from the city that all people don't want to do this that they're it's miserable there's a compassion for people the people you see and I see in camps many of them are choosing to stay this way because of all the drug habits they have that's all driven by the drug yeah well drugs drives drives everything we see here right I would pretty much say that substance abuse heroin meth even marijuana to some extent is the driving factor why they stay out here you sat down with the City Attorney you've asked him about repeat offenders who get arrested 6070 times the thrown back on the streets what does he say you can't you you you can't arrest your way out of this problem that's a firm belief of his why is the question should we hammer him now when the entire criminal record that you're citing is proof that what we've been doing hasn't worked do you ever hear about actual meaningful intervention taking place I really haven't I can't say a one case I've been covering for the last year and a half that I know of somebody who's gotten treatment and has gotten off the streets police say that on July 20th of 2017 this man Luis RB the 3rd 41 years old removed the screen from a woman's window at an assisted living facility in SeaTac and crawled in the woman inside was brutalized for an hour she was raped and beaten and choked and robbed police say Lewis RB also urinated on the floor afterwards police say he left through the same window he'd entered through the victim was treated for bleeding on the brain a broken nose and other injuries she was 71 years old it was a shocking and disturbing crime but perhaps we shouldn't have been all that surprised just four days before the rape just 96 hours before police say he scarred one woman's life forever Lewis RB the third was arrested here sitting next to the fountain right outside the King County Courthouse police say he was selling methamphetamine that's him in the back of the squad car after the arrest he was booked and then released almost immediately our criminal justice system decided that he shouldn't spend even 24 hours in jail but even a brief look at his record would have shown that Lewis RB had come from California murid spent 19 years in prison for kidnapping robbery and carjacking and had prosecutors looked a little more closely they'd have known that RB was the only suspect in a case three months prior in which a woman was taken hostage forcibly shot full of drugs and viciously raped and beaten for fifteen hours the King County Prosecutor's Office says in this case we had information that he had a 1995 California conviction for kidnap to commit robbery and other offenses the prosecutors assigned to the investigation had no knowledge of other pending investigation and so we are left with a question how is it that a man is arrested in front of a courthouse in possession of a deadly drug that destroys lives how is it that this man who has a long history of violence doesn't even spend 24 hours in jail how is it that he is sent right back onto the streets one Seattle police officer told us anonymously I would say all of the people living in sidewalk tents doorways and encampments suffer from drug addiction or more rarely a serious debilitating mental illness another officer put it this way intervention of some sort has to be made on the people who were involved if there is no intervention there's no solution it's that simple this officer continues I used to be proud of the hard work I did and actually thought I was doing something important I took pride in working hard and making good arrests while treating everyone with the respect they deserved now it's just about trading hours for dollars and it's frustrating to me knowing I am becoming more apathetic and caring less about doing a good job another cop said homelessness and drug use have become such politically charged issues politically charged in the facility administrator have ceased to be interested in policing this population in a misguided attempt to help this population the city has allowed the streets to be essentially taken over the city is falling apart and becoming more unsafe due to politics surrounding low-level criminal activity and homelessness we don't want to screw over the homeless population we just want the ability to police them and yet another officer told us this drug dealers selling crack meth and heroin are evil people preying on the weakest part of society and belong in prison we arrest them and nothing happens to them they are back out on the street immediately we need to acknowledge the disregard for human life inherent in selling life-ending drugs and lock the dealers up for serious time campers show up they eventually get moved they show up again they set up where they please in front of tourists next to businesses it doesn't matter and they know that a lack of political will or an overwhelming of resources or indifference disguised as compassion will allow them to stay and don't think for a moment that the visitors to our city don't notice oh it's kind of surprising I don't know why the city would let that happen I mean this is your touristy spot you know what I mean this family is from Tennessee they seem genuinely confused I just don't understand isn't it trespassing you know what I'm saying so so how can they they stay there why does this city put up with it why'd it I mean that's a public spot why does somebody get to stay there I don't understand that I I would be arrested I thought my town if I did that I mean right by our parking garage it's there's just trash and the sound was oh my god the smell is horrible in any stairwell you go into around here oh let me ask you something do you think they'll be back to visit again in the last three years you know it just has gone Danyelle Steve Danner Scheck has spent his whole life in Seattle he says when misdemeanors stopped being enforced it was the beginning of the end and at that point everyone got the message it's a free-for-all down here it's a Wild West no laws apply do whatever you want I could go down here and pee on the street or crap over there or smoke a joint I have no one's gonna get arrested for doing that because they're not doing that they're not arresting anyone if I was a city council member I might say well we're overwhelmed we've got this homeless up no no no no no the City Council is not overwhelmed by anything the City Council are idiots they know that there are solutions out there they simply have turned their back on the solutions we don't sweat the small stuff anymore in Seattle small acts of incivility are ignored and here's why if someone say urinates in front of the Nordstrom store they used to be issued a civil infraction a twenty seven dollar fine it used to be that a civility charge would become a criminal charge if you didn't pay the fine but the City Attorney's Office stopped filing civility cases they are dropped now almost without exception urinating or defecating in public sleeping in parks obstructing sidewalks failure to pay infractions all of it will get you nothing and so the police have stopped issuing the tickets altogether what's the use small acts of incivility things that communally affect all of us no longer have any consequences in Seattle the businesses of our city big and small are fit to be tied Bob Donegan is the president of Ivers the conditions being allowed around our businesses are one thing there's needles in rats and garbage and feces it's not acceptable in a major urban city to have those kind of problems where there are lots of people but then with online shopping already threatening their existence along came a hoard of shoplifters stealing every day to feed their addiction I would love to hear what the total is and if all the beings in the business and the downtown car would put their loss of theft millions and millions ago a year just kind of if they could compile that stat we would all just probably drop dead after we heard what the total was one of the officers who replied to the questionnaire we sent out agreed the amount of money lost due to thefts downtown he said is staggering unfortunately the businesses take the hit and the person caught stealing rarely has to deal with any consequences Denise Moriguchi is the CEO of Awadh jamya the grocery shopping hub of the International District the system's broken and I think that's creating the boldness Hadj Amaya called 900 599 times over a 19 month stretch their bold when they get caught they kind of just you know they don't really care and and they oftentimes that we you know will put in a police report and they'll get a trespassing notification but then they'll just walk right back in and they and it's kind of like oh well you have this trespassing okay what are you gonna do call the police and if you're wondering why that boldness she talks about exists of those 599 reports of shoplifting in her store in a 19 month stretch about eight of the cases ended in some form of prosecution most of those because they also involved assault it's huge and it costs these businesses small mom-and-pop businesses and large retailers alike it costs them millions and millions of dollars per year and you know what the businesses don't like to talk about it themselves because nobody wants to say how much they're losing but we know it is millions of dollars citizens and shop owners had waited for the people running our city to come up with something a plan and then one day last May a group of construction workers got tired of waiting and took action for this important discussion as you know I'm also a rank-and-file member of the labor movement on that day the tide turned against Seattle's proposed business head tax to pay for homeless services and affordable housing but if we fight against each other the bosses when the City Council which had passed the tax unanimously you can say exactly what do you think but rather than chanting against each other let's hear each other out was forced to repeal seventy five million dollars worth of business taxes and for a moment in time anyway it felt as though something had changed was this your dream the shop yeah it's hard I mean it's hard emotionally because I've been such a part of the neighborhood here you know Karen Dannenberg ran her boutique in Belltown for many years and then things changed it was a guy shooting heroin or whatever he was shooting on the sidewalk I was in flip-flops walking by there was urine all over the sidewalk mattresses a pile of trash that was overflowing and it was appalling she called the police she wrote letters things only got worse and I go to Bellevue and it's calm and it's quiet and there's none of this stuff going on and it's a joy being over there I I never thought I would say I'd be ready to leave Seattle but I am true to her word she left four stories in Bellevue now and it's thriving amongst the responses to our questionnaire one anonymous Seattle police officer said there has to be some sort of intervention to break the cycle or people will continue to do what they do the addict won't quit because it has become too easy for them to use and the dealer won't quit as the consequences of getting caught are minimal another said Seattle needs leaders who are willing to stand up for what is right and by doing so will ultimately help those who can't help themselves and hold accountable those who are hiding behind tents reading through the responses to things are crystal clear the level of frustration and the fact that in spite of it all they still care deeply one officer said crack cocaine heroin and especially meth use are on the rise unless someone contacted for low-level amounts of drug has a warrant they're not taking the jail they know this and have no problem using in open air drug dealers have caught on and have changed the amount they keep on them it is currently impossible to combat the open-air drug market in the city that officer was referring to the fact that in King County three grams of heroin or meth won't get you prosecuted or probably even arrested it's unofficial policy it's only the much larger quantity say 20 grams that get prosecuted and the dealers and the users know it three grams of heroin by the way is equal to thirty doses one officer summed it all up like this let's spend the millions of dollars on mandatory inpatient treatment programs instead of making excuses for their addiction and/or crimes the option should be treatment or jail the cycle has to be intervened on or it will never end and maybe you're wondering why didn't they show the positive responses to the police questionnaire the answer to that is simple there weren't any they use deadly drugs and they sell those drugs for 10 bucks a dose and over and over they steal us blind to get the 10 bucks and they pollute our streets and parks and neighborhoods and they live in filth and despair like animals and we allow it all the ways we used to talk about compassion and when the madness that is always patiently waiting off in the distance finally moves in and wraps its arms around them and in the end it always does the suffering escalates exponentially until the misery is a white-hot pain that never stops never rests this man in the downtown core of our city was suffering in distress once he fell down he couldn't get back on his feet again so he sat there for a long time at the exact same time just across the street there was another man also apparently in the middle of a drug crisis staggering out of it lost in some of the world you can see the same thing on a lot of corners every single day to leave them alone is a death sentence sooner or later they die on the streets or in tents or in low-barrier tiny houses to leave them alone is to shame ourselves and that's why they need help they don't need camps and injection sites and bags of free socks they need help the kind that takes courage that gives them and Seattle a fighting chance they need intervention and so the city of Seattle and King County seemed to be struggling mightily to find answers we came all the way to the state of Rhode Island looking for answers and we may have found some right behind those prison walls Providence is a medium-sized city in our tiniest State what they are working on here while not outwardly revolutionary or mind boggling at first blush is a bold step towards saving lives and cities and giving tortured souls who succumbed to the hell of heroin a fighting chance and in Providence is a man who will tell you about the program they have developed but first he will tell you his own story I didn't have to do what I did I wanted to be something that I couldn't be only to emulate to all the fellas in the neighborhood his name is Michael Manfredi he used heroin for 35 years I became addicted out of everyone at the age of 15 I was a full fledged I went at it this is his mugshot from the last time he came to the Rhode Island Department of Corrections 20 years of his life had been spent locked up well nothing seemed to work it was a life reeling out of control when I got the handcuffs put on me at my house that day when he kicked my door and I looked at the lady detective and I said thank you she looked at me like I was crazy should get punished this guy's nothing like she see well I said you just saved my life because if she didn't stop me via I won't be seen here today how would he be dead I'd be doing life the question facing Rhode Island is similar to the question facing much of the United States how do we protect our society while at the same time showing compassion towards those who are sick and struggling it may be the question of our time I've wanted this program basically since the day I started dr. Jennifer Clark is the head of what is referred to back east as the mat Grahame medication assisted treatment we can't just ignore our way out of this we can't arrest our way out of this people are dying and there's something we can do to stop that it starts out here really because the first thing that they do in Rhode Island is enforce their laws drug dealers and the people who steal and commit crime to get their drugs eventually end up in this place the Rhode Island Department of Corrections it's not a nice place it's a prison but inside the walls something amazing happens every day the inmates who are in the mat program line up and they take their medicine there are three opiate blockers that work methadone suboxone and vivitrol they are FDA approved they get people off heroin they save lives prisoners who enter the program choose which medicine they want to use Michael Manfredi chose vivitrol he remembers when he first started taking it near the end of his last stint behind bars and one night I got a call was about 6:30 come to the front desk I said oh hey but what I do know I know I didn't do no wrong but they said go see the nurse I tears in my eyes I know it was time to get that pill really this is the perfect setting because there isn't as there's not as much distraction actually Linda Hurley is the president of a nonprofit called Kodak it's been around for 50 years on the outside the state of Rhode Island hired Kodak to distribute medicine inside the walls of the prison all three medications you carry on your life it's no different than if you were utilizing lisinopril or something I don't know a blood pressure medication or insulin you have a family you have a job you build your life it what it does is it stabilizes it stabilizes us physically so that we can do the emotional work that we need to do to heal from the disease I started messing around with the pills and everything and then once I found opiates that was I was the end of it you know Ray Vincent has been behind bars for three years he was stealing to support his habit for a while then he upped the ante to robbery maybe if I didn't come in here I'd probably be dead so you think getting arrested was a good thing for you I think it saved my life ray takes suboxone he knows he may take it for the rest of his life you sound optimistic at yeah well you know I don't I don't want to continue to I don't want to continue come here the rest of my life you know and if this medication is a stepping stone I need I'll do it that's the bottom line inside the prison inside the mat program the inmates have counselors there are one-on-one meetings with recovery coaches and group meetings as well they hit addiction with every tool they can throw at it in the recovery coaches come in and meet with anyone who's willing and interested in meeting with them so that they can develop a relationship with them on the inside and then have that relationship sustained on the outside Kevon Tanguay says I wasn't arrested I was rescued no were you stealing – yeah that's that's my main thing what I do was i shoplift on the shoplifter he's been in prison eight of the last ten years he's on methadone we get it at 12 o'clock and we we're monitored like we get those evaluation is like the the doctors the counselors that we stay in touch so that they can know if we're on that as far as the dose is holding me keeping me like so that I'm not really feeling that bad the match system is a lifeline and these men are holding on for dear life I'm not afraid of a lot of things but I'm a little concerned about like I don't want to go back to it I don't want to go back to it because you don't even know what's real anymore and I'm just I'm a little afraid of that to die alone you know I want to kind of try to put things together my mother is still alive I want to kind of like make some kind of amends before something happens to one of us you know look at this place look at all the buildings the infrastructure what if this was a specialized facility where we could use all of our resources and knowledge to fight this thing that is happening what if it was a place where doctors and counselors and case workers were available along with the treatment drugs that we know work the ones we know save lives what if this was a very specific place where sick people learn how to live life again job training therapy treatment all of it in one place it would have to be a place where the patients couldn't simply get up and leave if they wanted because the sickness is such that that doesn't really work but eventually they would leave and have jobs and families and maybe continue to use methadone suboxone or vivitrol for the rest of their lives the way some people use insulin what you're looking at is McNeil Island completely abandoned for the most part you might call it an answer waiting for the right question it wouldn't have to be here it could be somewhere else but maybe that billion dollars that we spent last year could be spent on a tough compassionate concept that actually works that saves lives as Seattle and the rest of the West Coast wander in the darkness searching for answers it's important to understand that the genius of what they're doing in Rhode Island isn't just that there is full drug treatment inside the prison walls the genius is what happens when the inmates leave priority number one being how they going to continue their medication the minute someone shows up in a program in the community they have to be registered in that database so we know if they're showing up or now the numbers going up the figure that I saw yesterday was 93 percent of the people who leave here on MIT are following up in the community that's amazing 93 percent are following through michael Manfredi is one who stuck with the program after he was released he's alive to talk about it would I be where I am today if this program was implemented no I wouldn't be here today honest to god I'd be there this is a kodak center they are sprinkled throughout Rhode Island there are seven of them in Providence alone once you come into the Department of Corrections and are medicated under methadone or suboxone or vivitrol you become a kodak patient you have a patient ID number in our system and our agencies were throughout Rhode Island are all connected former inmates or anyone else in the program show up anytime any day take home bottles and they get their medication no red tape no questions asked no doctor's appointments no vouchers they're in the system they get their meds it's that simple Josh Broadfoot overdosed 12 times and somehow survived he got three years for selling drugs I'm grateful that I was arrested and taken out of the situation I was in because I mean it sounds retarded to say I'm grateful I was arrested I'm taking away from my family but I might not even be there to ever see my family again if that situation I had it happened I might be going completely analyst a josh is on methadone the mat program he says gives him hope you got to get out there and do different but at the same time you're we have a little bit of help the way we have this counseling we have something that we know is helping us to stay away from opiates and people that care and so that's an age of help on the outside those group meetings continue and so does the counseling that is so very important up to three times a week my psychiatrist my caseworker my man my case manager in my doctor that describes my pills all in one facility I don't have to go all over the state of Rhode Island facility you know with all the counseling and and all the support that I have it's like it's a very smooth transition you know I don't know how would be if I wasn't on medication because I don't know if somebody if the next day I get out I see a bag of heroin you know somebody I know just sees me on the street yeah yeah you gives me a high-five or something there's a bag of dope in his hand you know I don't wanna it's scary to think about but that's reality brave Vincent got out of prison 19 days after we spoke to him he's going to school to become a welder he gets his medicine at a Kodak Center every week it saves lives so I don't think of it as being soft or compassionate it is the right thing to do it is what we're obligated to do as healthcare providers it's the smart thing to do Patricia coin Fang who runs the entire Correctional Facility knows that one of the ways of measuring success is looking at the death rate for those leaving prison as I've seen it work when you see the numbers people who would be dead or not because of this program leaving the walls behind is dangerous because addicts who are clean will use the same amount of drugs they used before and then overdose the rate of that happening is way down in Rhode Island and what we found was a 65 percent decrease in mortality for people with a history of incarceration 65 percent and the program is still only about three years old and maybe it's just a coincidence that it's been a group of women who have spearheaded a program that is tough compassionate and innovative all at once maybe it's a coincidence maybe not michael Manfredi has a job now he goes to meetings he's reconnected with his family he's productive he's happy he's alive my biggest thing is my granddaughter she's two milks my mom she lost my heart man and absolutely I never been happier in my life because I've never lived a productive life like I am today my life's great man I can't I can't thank everybody enough man because it all was for this m80 program Michael wouldn't be here today I'm proud of myself part of my family and I'm part of everything I've done and that means so much to all of us me and the people who work in the program to do this work because the other reason we do it what they've done in Rhode Island's and in other places can be boiled down to two simple concepts enforcement and intervention Seattle and King County have retreated away from those things we've left sick tortured souls to wander the streets to rot in filth and die before us we've turned over our city to those who would steal from us and a dick to her children we've turned away from simple concepts that bind together society and keep it safe things like enforcement and intervention a city is a living thing it has a rhythm and heartbeats a kind of soul it is a collection of ideas that we protect and defend old ideas and new ones and over time the ideas blend into a collective living ever-changing dream and the dream is nothing more and nothing less than a better life for our children but behind the beauty and the ideals behind the bridges and the ballparks and the beautiful buildings the dirty work is the fight great dreams and great cities don't survive without a fight Seattle is dying maybe with all the wealth and growth we became so pleased with ourselves or so busy that we forgot about the hard part maybe good people who go to work every day and raise families and pay taxes the ones who built the city and dreamed the dream forgot about the dirty work maybe we forgot about the fight you you
Views:196636|Rating:4.75|View Time:51:10Minutes|Likes:1367|Dislikes:71 One of the world’s largest and most elusive predatory sharks, the sixgill, suddenly appears in Seattle’s waters. These creatures typically dwell in darkness several thousands of feet beneath the surface. Little is known about them. What would make them appear in the shallows of Puget Sound? And what does it say about our oceans? Researchers are hunting for answers.
Written, directed and produced by Michael Werner
HERE'S A SHARK RIGHT HERE GUYS! WE GOT IT, WE GOT IT. Narrator: IN THE LATE 1990s. BENEATH SEATTLE'S SKYLINE… PRETTY MUCH OUT OF NOWHERE, THIS INFLUX OF SHARKS APPEARED AND WE KNEW NOTHING ABOUT THEM. Narrator: ONE OF THE WORLD'S LARGEST AND MOST ELUSIVE SHARKS UNEXPECTEDLY APPEARED. YOU'RE BASICALLY LOOKING AT A LIVING DINOSAUR. THERE WAS NO KNOWLEDGE OF THESE ANIMALS WHATSOEVER, OTHER THAN THAT THEY EXISTED. Narrator: WHAT COULD THEIR SUDDEN ARRIVAL MEAN? AND HOW WOULD IT ALTER THE ECOSYSTEM? SCIENTISTS BEGAN TO INVESTIGATE. BUT THEY HAD TO ACT FAST. SHARKS THROUGHOUT THE SYSTEM WERE DISAPPEARING. Narrator: VANISHED. AS SUDDENLY AS THEY HAD APPEARED. UNDERSTANDING WHAT HAPPENED TO THEM COULD BE CRITICAL TO SHARK CONSERVATION EFFORTS WORLDWIDE. TO FIND ANSWERS, RESEARCHERS VENTURED INTO THE DEPTHS TO UNRAVEL THE MYSTERY BEHIND THE SHARKS OF SEATTLE. Narrator: THE JAGGED NORTHWEST CORNER OF THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES, WHERE THE MIGHTY PACIFIC WAGES WAR AGAINST A RUGGED AND FORBIDDING COASTLINE. AN ARM OF THIS UNTAMED FORCE REACHES INTO THE STATE OF WASHINGTON. THIS IS PUGET SOUND, ONE OF THE WORLD'S RICHEST INLAND SEAS. AS A BIOLOGIST FOR THE SEATTLE AQUARIUM, JEFF CHRISTIANSEN KNOWS THESE WATERS BETTER THAN ALMOST ANYONE. I'VE BEEN DIVING WITH PACIFIC NORTHWEST ANIMALS ALL MY LIFE. >> Narrator: HE'S LOGGED THOUSANDS OF HOURS BELOW THE SURFACE AND ENCOUNTERED A VAST ARRAY OF EXOTIC CREATURES. BUT NOTHING COULD PREPARE HIM FOR THE STRANGERS WHO APPEARED ON THE SCENE IN THE LATE 1990s. ONE OF THE LARGEST OCEAN PREDATORS, THE SIXGILL SHARK, BEGAN HAUNTING THE SHALLOWS OF PUGET SOUND. THEY CALL THEM CHARISMATIC MEGAFAUNA AND FOR A GOOD REASON. THAT WAS ONE OF THE REAL EXCITING THINGS WAS TO COME UP AFTER A SCUBA DIVE, HAVING ENCOUNTERED THIS RARE ANIMAL FOUND IN THE DEEP OCEAN AND BE RIGHT HERE ON SEATTLE'S CENTRAL WATERFRONT . >> Narrator: HAD SEATTLE, A PULSING METROPOLIS OF MORE THAN 3.5 MILLION, BECOME A MECCA FOR SIXGILL SHARKS? THE VERY IDEA SEEMED IMPOSSIBLE. >> RIGHT HERE ON SEATTLE'S CENTRAL WATERFRONT, PEOPLE VISITING THE AQUARIUM COULD BE STANDING ON THE END OF THE PIERS AND HAVE A 12-FOOT SHARK STANDING UNDERNEATH THEM WITHOUT THEM EVEN KNOWING IT. >> Narrator: WHAT MADE THE ARRIVAL OF THESE CREATURES EVEN MORE ASTONISHING WAS THE FACT THAT LARGE PREDATORS THROUGHOUT THE OCEANS WERE VANISHING. HUMANS KILL AS MANY AS 270 MILLION SHARKS EACH YEAR. THAT'S ALMOST EQUAL TO THE ENTIRE POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES. BECAUSE THEY GROW SLOWLY AND HAVE RELATIVELY FEW OFFSPRING, THEY CAN'T KEEP PACE WITH THE DEMAND. AS A RESULT, SOME SHARK POPULATIONS HAVE FALLEN BY UP TO 70 PERCENT. BUT IN PUGET SOUND, THESE MASSIVE ANIMALS HAD EMERGED SEEMINGLY OUT OF NOWHERE. AND IN BIG NUMBERS. >> WE KNEW THERE WERE MORE SHARK SIGHTINGS GOING ON, BUT WE DIDN'T KNOW WHAT WAS DRIVING IT. SPECULATION WAS ALL OVER THE PLACE. SOME OF THE GUESSES WERE THAT THE SHARKS WERE FOLLOWING THE SALMON. CHANGING OCEAN CONDITIONS HAVE BROUGHT THE SHARKS TO US. POLLUTION HAS DONE SOMETHING WITH THE SHARKS. >> TODAYS DIVE CAPTAIN. KATIE IS GOING TO BE THE CAPTAIN. AND THAT'S THE DIVE TEAM. >> Narrator: CHRISTIANSEN AND HIS TEAM AT THE SEATTLE AQUARIUM WOULD SPEND THE NEXT 15 YEARS SEARCHING FOR ANSWERS. THEY WOULD BECOME SOME OF THE WORLD'S LEADING SIXGILL EXPERTS. >> BASED ON WHERE YO U ARE. >> Narrator: ONE THING WAS CERTAIN: LARGE PREDATORS HAVE OUTSIZE IMPACTS ON FOOD WEBS AND WHATEVER THE TEAM LEARNED ABOUT THESE SHARKS WOULD HAVE IMPLICATIONS FOR THE GREATER ECOSYSTEM, AND PERHAPS MORE IMPORTANTLY, IT COULD INFORM SHARK CONSERVATION EFFORTS WORLDWIDE. BUT SCIENTISTS WEREN'T THE FIRST TO DISCOVER THE SIXGILLS OF PUGET SOUND. THE INITIAL SIGHTINGS WERE MADE BY A DIFFERENT GROUP OF UNDERWATER EXPLORERS. >> THE DIVE COMMUNITY HAS BEEN ESSENTIAL FOR THIS RESEARCH FROM THE VERY GET-GO. THEY ARE OUR EYES AND EARS, AND THEY ARE BECOMING CITIZEN SCIENTISTS. >> Narrator: THE NORTHWEST HAS SOME OF THE FINEST SCUBA DIVING ON THE PLANET WITH ONE OF THE GREATEST CONCENTRATION OF YEAR-ROUND DIVERS. COLD PACIFIC CURRENTS FEED THIS LUSH UNDERWATER WORLD. >> EVERY TIME WE WENT O UT, WE WOUND TO GO A LITTLE BIT FURTHER, LITTLE BIT FURTHER, LITTLE BIT FURTHER. AND SEE WHAT THERE WAS TO SEE. ## >> EVERYTHING JUST JUST INCREDIBLY RICHLY COLORFUL AND COVERED WITH LIFE. ## >> YOU NEVER KNOW WHAT YOU'RE GOING TO SEE. >> WE DROPPED DOWN TO ABOUT 120 FEET. ALL OF A SUDDEN, WE SAW THIS HUGE GIANT PACIFIC OCTOPUS COMING TOWARDS US. HE LOOKE D ODD. WHEN WE GOT UP CLOSER TO HIM, WE REALIZED HE WAS MISSING ALL EIGHT OF HIS EGGS . WHEN I SAW A SHADOW COMING FROM THE SHALLOW SIDE. MY HEART STARTED THUMPING. I HEARD MY BUDDY GOING UH, UH, UH. I TURNED TO SEE WHAT WAS THE MATTER WITH HIM AND THERE WAS A SHARK RIGHT HERE, COMING RIGHT THROUGH THE CENTER OF US. >> IT LOOKED LIKE WATCHING A TRUCK GO UNDERNEATH ME. THEY ARE THE SIZE OF A GREAT WHITE. AND I REALIZED I 'M SEEING MY FIRST SIXGILL SHARK. >> THEY'RE BIG! THEY'RE BIG SHARKS. >> YOU'RE WITH AN ANIMAL THAT IN SOME CASES IS TWICE THE SIZE OF YOU. THAT IF IT CHOSE TO DO SO, COULD TAKE YOU OUT IN A SECOND AND HAVE YOU FOR LUNCH. >> IF I TELL SOMEONE ABOUT INTERACTING WITH SHARKS RIGHT THERE IN ELLIOTT BAY, PEOPLE ARE LIKE NO, THAT DOESN'T EXIST. YES, IT DOES. >> Narrator: WORD OF SEATTLE'S SIXGILL PHENOMENON SOON SPREAD, WITH DIVERS AND PHOTOGRAPHERS TRAVELING FROM AROUND THE WORLD FOR A GLIMPSE OF THESE RARE CREATURES. >> WHENEVER A DIVER REPORTS THAT I SAW A SIXGILL, SUDDENLY, THERE'S AN INFLUX OF DIVERS HEADING OUT THAT WAY BECAUSE EVERYBODY WANTS TO SEE THEM. >> IT SEEMED LIKE EVERY NIGHT, THERE WAS A SIGHTING OF A SIXGILL. IT SEEMED LIKE YOU COULDN'T GET IN THE WATER AND NOT SEE THEM. >> YOU WOULD JUST RUN INTO PEOPLE, JUST SITTING THERE STARING OUT INTO THE WATER BECAUSE WE'RE ALL LOOKING FOR THE SAME THING, RIGHT? [LAUGHTER] >> SUDDENLY, THERE'S THIS HUGE MEAT-EATING THING COMING TOWARDS YOU AND THE ADRENALINE JUST COURSES THROUGH YOUR WHOLE BODY. >> I COULD HEAR MY HEART BEATING OUT OF ITS CHEST. YOU WANT TO SEE IT, BUT YOU'RE AFRAID TO SEE IT. AND THEN ONCE YOU SEE THEM AND YOU JUST BECOME FASCINATED WITH THE WAY THEY'RE SWIMMING AND THAT FEAR JUST GOES AWAY. NOW ALL OF A SUDDEN, IT'S JUST BLISSFUL, YOU'RE JUST THERE WITH A BEAUTIFUL SHARK WATCHING THEM SWIM. >> EVERY ONCE IN A WHILE, YOU'LL SEE THE EYE, AND IT'LL JUST TURN AND STARE RIGHT AT THE CAMERA AS IF THEY'RE SAYING, WHY ARE YOU HERE? WHAT ARE YOU DOING? YOU K NOW, KIND OF A CURIOUS EXPRESSION. IT WOULD JUST GIVE ME THAT LOOK LIKE, WHAT? >> Narrator: AS SHARK SIGHTINGS INCREASED, GOVERNMENT AND UNIVERSITY RESEARCHERS BEGAN THEIR OWN INVESTIGATIONS. >> PRETTY MUCH OUT OF NOWHERE, THIS INFLUX OF SHARKS APPEARED AND WE KNEW NOTHING ABOUT THEM. WHAT DO THEY EAT? WE DON'T KNOW. HOW LONG DO THEY LIVE? WE DON'T KNOW. HOW FAST DO THEY GROW? COULDN'T TELL YOU. DO THEY STAY IN ONE PLACE OR DO THEY MOVE ALL OVER THE PLACE? WHO KNOWS. THIS IS NOT LIKE A TINY ANIMAL. THIS IS A BIG ANIMAL AND I COULDN'T EVEN TELL YOU ANYTHING ABOUT THE BASIC BIOLOGY. >> Narrator: WHAT IS KNOWN ABOUT SIXGILLS IS THAT THEY CAN REACH UP TO 16 FEET IN LENGTH AND WEIGH MORE THAN 1,000 POUNDS. THEY TAKE THEIR NAME FROM THE SIX GILL SLITS ON EACH SIDE OF THEIR HEAD, A CHARACTERISTIC OF PREHISTORIC SHARKS. THESE LARGE PREDATORS ROAM THE DEEP OCEAN, SPENDING THEIR LIVES IN DARKNESS THOUSANDS OF FEET BELOW THE SURFACE. >> THEIR ENTIRE LIFE HISTORY IN THE DEEP OCEAN IS PRETTY UNDOCUMENTED. >> Narrator: ALTHOUGH THEY'VE BEEN FOUND IN OCEANS AROUND THE WORLD, ENCOUNTERING THEM IN SHALLOW WATER IS EXTREMELY RARE. >> THERE'S ONLY A HANDFUL OF LOCATIONS AROUND THE WORLD WHERE THEY'RE SEEN IN SHALLOWER LOCATIONS. >> EARLY ON, THERE WAS SO LITTLE KNOWN THAT WE WANTED TO START WITH JUST BASIC WORK. WE WERE JUST TRYING TO FIGURE OUT WHY THEY WERE THERE AND WHAT THEY WERE DOING. >> Narrator: JUST AS SCIENTISTS BEGAN DRAWING UP RESEARCH PLANS, A NEW THREAT EMERGED FISHERS BEGAN CATCHING SIXGILLS FROM THE PIERS AROUND SEATTLE. >> SOMEBODY PUT A LIGHT ON HIM. I HAD HEARD AS PART OF MY WEEKLY FISHING REPORT THAT THERE WAS AN ANGLER DOWN ON THE SEACREST PIER IN WEST SEATTLE, RIGHT DOWNTOWN SEATTLE BASICALLY, THAT HAD LEARNED HOW TO CATCH SIXGILL SHARKS. BIG ONES! WE KNEW THAT THEY EXISTED AND WERE OUT THERE, BUT THEY WERE KIND OF THIS MYSTERIOUS FISH THAT NO ONE EVER CAUGHT OR ENCOUNTERED. SO WHEN HE STARTED CATCHING THEM, IT WAS LIKE, WOW! THIS IS INTERESTING! >> WE WROTE A VERY SHORT STORY. SAYING THIS GUY WAS CATCHING SHARKS OFF THE S EACREST PIER. >> THIS IS THE FIRST TIME SIXGILLS SHARKS REALLY CAME TO ALMOST EVERYONE'S PUBLIC ATTENTION HERE IN THE NORTHWEST. >> THE NEXT MORNING, I RETURNED TO WORK AND MY INBOX WAS LOADED WITH KIND OF NASTY EMAILS FROM DIVERS. TURNS OUT SCUBA DIVERS HAD BEEN SWIMMING WITH THESE SHARKS IN THE AREA AND THEY WERE UPSET THAT THIS G UY WAS CATCHING AND KILLING THESE SHARKS. >> HE WAS VERY SUCCESSFUL AT CATCHING A NUMBER OF SHARKS IN A VERY SHORT PERIOD OF TIME. AND AT THAT VERY SAME TIME, SHARK SIGHTINGS AT THAT DIVE SIGHT DROPPED OFF TO ZERO. >> VERY LITTLE AS IT TURNS OUT WAS KNOWN ABOUT THE POPULATION OF SIXGILL SHARKS IN PUGET SOUND. AND THEY WERE WORRIED THAT IT MIGHT LEAD TO AN OVERHARVEST SITUATION OR MIGHT HARM THE POPULATION. AND THEY WERE ANGRY AT ME FOR PUBLICIZING IT. >> AT THE TIME, IT WAS PERFECTLY LEGAL. THERE WERE NO FISHERIES PROTECTIONS OR REGULATIONS ON THE SIXGILL SHARKS AT ALL IN PLACE. IT WAS PRETTY MUCH OPEN SEASON ON THEM. >> Narrator: SCIENTISTS WORRIED THE SHARKS WOULD BE FISHED OUT BEFORE THEY HAD A CHANCE TO STUDY THEM. AND DIVERS FEARED FISHING WOULD WIPE THEM OUT COMPLETELY. ON THE WATERFRONT, RELATIONS BETWEEN DIVERS AND FISHERS GREW HOSTILE. >> IT WAS PRETTY TENSE. THERE WAS A LOT OF NAME CALLING, IT WAS VERY CONFRONTATIONAL. >> WHEN THE FISHING OCCURRED, WE DRAFTED A LETTER TO THE WASHINGTON DEPARTMENT OF FISH AND WILDLIFE ASKING FOR THE CLOSURE TO THE FISHERY ON SIXGILL SHARKS . >> THE DIVE COMMUNITY CAME OUT IN FULL FORCE, AND HUNDREDS, IF NOT THOUSANDS, OF PEOPLE CALLED AND SAID, HEY, YOU NEED TO CLOSE THIS FISHERY, THIS ISN'T RIGHT. >> Narrator: IN THE SUMMER OF 2000, STATE OFFICIALS SUSPENDED ALL SIXGILL FISHING IN PUGET SOUND. WITH PROTECTIONS IN PLACE, THE AQUARIUM COULD BEGIN ITS RESEARCH. BUT ANSWERING EVEN SIMPLE QUESTIONS WOULD PROVE DIFFICULT. FOR STARTERS, SCIENTISTS WOULD HAVE TO FIND THIS LARGE, FREE-RANGING SHARK IN A WATER BODY THE SIZE OF RHODE ISLAND. WHERE DO YOU BEGIN THE SEARCH IN AN AREA THAT BIG? >> WE HAD DIVED UNDER THE SEATTLE AQUARIUM FOR MANY, MANY MANY YEARS AND NEVER SEEN A SIXGILL SHARK. [RADIO CHATTER] >> Narrator: BUT IF FISHERS COULD CATCH THEM WITH BAIT, MAYBE SCIENTISTS COULD TOO. THE AQUARIUM RESEARCHERS DECIDED TO PLACE BAIT IN THE WATER BENEATH THE AQUARIUM IN HOPES OF ATTRACTING SHARKS. IN THE FALL OF 2001, THEY MADE THEIR FIRST ATTEMPT. >> WE'VE GOT ABOUT A SEVEN-FOOT SHARK. >> SEVEN-FOOT, COPY THAT. >> SIXGILL SHARK JUST HIT ME IN THE FINS. SWAM AROUND TO MY LEFT. >> HAVE THEY LEFT THE AREA? >> SHARKS ARE HERE. >> THE SHARKS ARE FEEDING, IS THAT WHAT YOU SAID? >> HERE'S A SHARK RIGHT HERE GUYS. >> WE GOT IT, WE GOT IT. WE GOT GREAT FOOTAGE. >> BEFORE THE END OF THE DIVE, ABOUT 30 MINUTES INTO IT, WE ALREADY HAD A SIXGILL. THAT'S HOW MANY THERE WERE HERE. >> IT'S JUST DIFFICULT TO EXPLAIN THE AWE YOU FEEL WHEN YOU'RE UNDERWATER FACING THESE LARGE ANIMALS SWIMMING IN FRONT OF YOU. >> IT'S A HEART-THUMPING MOMENT. >> THAT WAS SO FUN. >> JEFF THAT WAS AMAZING! >> SOMETHING WHACKS ME IN THE BACK OF THE FINS. LOOK OFF TO THE LEFT AND THERE'S THIS BIG TAIL GOING BY. >> I THINK WE PROVED THE CONCEPT. >> Narrator: THE BAITINGS WERE SUCH A SUCCESS, THAT THEY BECAME THE CORNERSTONE OF THE AQUARIUM'S RESEARCH. >> LET'S DO OUR LUNG HOSE. >> CHECK. >> YOU DON'T HAVE TO PUT IT ON UNTIL WE GET OUT THERE, JUST SO YOU'LL BE ABLE TO BREATHE. BUT I WANT YOU TO MAKE SURE THAT IT'S BREATHING OKAY. >> CHECK. >> Narrator: THEY BEGAN PLACING BAIT IN THE WATER BELOW THE AQUARIUM AND HOPING THAT THE SHARKS WOULD PICK UP THE SCENT. >> THIS WAS A CHANCE TO STUDY A SHARK RIGHT ON OUR DOORSTEP. WE DIDN'T HAVE TO GO OUT IN THE FIELD, WE DIDN'T HAVE TO GO TO THE BOTTOM OF THE OCEAN, THE SHARKS WOULD COME TO US. >> LIGHT THREE MAY BE SLIGHTLY ABOVE BOTTOM. >> ROGER THAT. GO AHEAD AND DEPLOY BAIT. >> Narrator: ATTRACTING SIXGILLS REQUIRED LOADS OF FOOD. >> THE A CTION IS REALLY GOING TO PICK UP WHEN THEY PUT THAT INSITE THE BASKETS. >> FRESH SALMON CARCASSES. SALMON, HALIBUT, MAYBE EVEN DOGFISH. >> Narrator: AND SOMETIMES THAT BROUGHT UNINVITED GUESTS. ## VISITORS TO THE AQUARIUM TOOK NOTICE. >> PEOPLE WOULD SIT THERE IN FRONT OF THAT SCREEN FOR UP TO AN HOUR JUST IN HOPES THAT A SHARK WOULD SWIM BY. AND THAT'S WHEN THE LIGHTBULB WENT OFF THAT WE REALLY NEED TO SHOWCASE THIS WORK FOR OUR GUESTS AT THE AQUARIUM. >> Narrator: THE EXHIBIT WORKED TO DISPEL THE MYTH THAT SHARKS ARE MAN-EATING MONSTERS. DESPITE THE SIXGILLS' IMPRESSIVE SIZE, THEY POSE LITTLE THREAT TO HUMANS. NO UNPROVOKED ATTACKS HAVE EVER BEEN RECORDED. >> AT THE PEAK OF OUR SHARK RESEARCH, WE HAD UP TO 40 DIFFERENT ANIMALS PRESENT ON A SINGLE EVENING EVENT. THIS WAS THE EQUIVALENT OF HAVING SHARKS DRIVE DOWN THE STREET TO YOUR LAB AND JUST GO INTO THE TANKS ON THEIR OWN. IT WAS GREAT! >> Narrator: IT SEEMED LIKE THIS UNPRECEDENTED OPPORTUNITY WOULD GO ON FOREVER. SCIENTISTS HAD NO WAY OF KNOWING THAT THEY WERE WERE IN A RACE AGAINST TIME. WHILE THE AQUARIUM WAS CONDUCTING ITS FIRST-OF-A-KIND RESEARCH, A GROUP OF RECREATIONAL DIVERS OUT IN PUGET SOUND BEGAN THEIR OWN INFORMAL STUDIES OF SIXGILLS. ROB HOLMAN HAS BEEN DIVING THESE WATERS FOR DECADES. >> I'VE ALWAYS LOVED SHARKS. I REMEMBER AS A CHILD READING A BOOK CALLED SHARK LADY BY EUGENIA CLARK. SHE WAS A MARINE BIOLOGIST. READ IT PROBABLY 100 TIMES. >> Narrator: WHEN HE HEARD OF THE SIGHTINGS, HE HAD TO SEE FOR HIMSELF. >> THE OPPORTUNITY TO SEE SUCH A LARGE CREATURE IS JUST AMAZING. >> Narrator: AND FOR A FEW GLORIOUS MONTHS IN 2007, THEY WERE AMAZED. >> IN THE BEGINNING, WE MIGHT SEE ONE SHARK IN AN EVENING. PRETTY SOON WITHIN 20 MINUTES OF DROPPING IT, WE MIGHT SEE THREE OR FOUR OR FIVE DIFFERENT SIXGILLS COMING IN. ONE TIME, IT WAS JUST CRAZY. WE HAD THEM EVERYWHERE. >> Narrator: AND THEY DISCOVERED SOMETHING UNEXPECTED THEY COULD IDENTIFY INDIVIDUAL SHARKS BY THEIR UNIQUE PERSONALITIES. >> WE STARTED RECOGNIZING THE SAME SHARKS COMING BACK OVER AND OVER AGAIN. WE NAMED THEM BECAUSE WE COULD TELL WHICH WAS WHICH BECAUSE THEY HAD DIFFERENT PERSONALITIES AND DIFFERENT MARKS ON THEM. WE HAD ONE THAT HAD A REALLY LONG SCAR ON HER SIDE AND TWO WHITE SPOTS ON HER HEAD. WE CALLED HER SPOTTY. SHE WAS VERY DOCILE, VERY AGREEABLE. WE ALWAYS LIKED TO SEE SPOTTY. SPOTTY WAS A GOOD SHARK. WE HAD ANOTHER ONE THAT WE CALLED FLUFFY THAT HAD THESE KIND OF FLUFFY SPOTS. HER ATTITUDE WAS ANYTHING BUT FLUFFY. WE CALLED HER THE DEVIL SHARK. AND WHENEVER SHE CAME BY, WE DID THE DEVIL SHARK SIGN AND THEN WE KNEW IT WAS FLUFFY WAS COMING. FLUFFY WAS NOT A SHARK TO BE MESSED WITH. >> SHE DID A 360 ALL THE WAY AROUND ME AND THEN SHE TURNED IN REAL HARD AND I GAVE HER A TAP ON THE NOSE WITH THE POLE, JUST A LITTLE BUMP. USUALLY, THAT'S ENOUGH TO SEND THE SHARK OFF. AND THEY'RE ALMOST LIKE, OH, EXCUSE ME. AND THEY'LL SWIM OFF IN ANOTHER DIRECTION. ## YOU KNOW YOU HAVE A BIG SHARK WHEN YOU PUT YOUR STICK UP AGAINST THE SHARK TO PUSH IT AWAY AND THE SHARK DOESN'T MOVE, BUT YOU PUSH YOURSELF AWAY. THAT'S WHEN YOU KNOW YOU HAVE A BIG ONE. >> Narrator: AND THE BIGGEST SIXGILL OF THEM ALL WOULD BECOME THE FISH OF LEGEND. >> SHE'S ABOUT 14 FEET LONG. SHE'S THE GIRTH OF A COUCH. WE STARTED TO REFER TO HER AS BLONDE BECAUSE OF HOW PRETTY HER SKIN WAS, SHE WASN'T SCRATCHED UP, SHE WAS A SHARK OF MYTHICAL PROPORTIONS. IF SHE WAS NEAR YOU, YOU KNEW THERE WAS SOMETHING IN THE WATER WITH YOU. >> SHE WAS A LOCAL ICON THAT YOU SAY THE WORD BLONDIE TO A DIVER WHO'S BEEN DIVING FOR 10 OR 15 YEARS AND THEY'LL KNOW EXACTLY WHAT YOU'RE TALKING ABOUT. >> Narrator: BLONDIE PATROLLED THE BAY LIKE SHE WAS IN CHARGE. >> I HAD ONE EXPERIENCE WITH BLONDIE WHERE SHE SWAM OUT OF THE DARKNESS, OUT OF THE DEPTHS. AND SHE MADE THREE OR FOUR PASSES AND ONE OF THEM WAS QUITE CLOSE. SHE WAS JUST LETTING EVERYBODY KNOW THAT IF YOU WANT TO DIVE HERE IN WEST SEATTLE, YOU CAN, BUT YOU ANSWER TO ME. >> WHEN BLONDIE WAS IN THE WATER, SHE WAS THE APEX PREDATOR. [RADIO CHATTER] >> Narrator: LITTLE DID ANYONE SUSPECT THAT BLONDIE MIGHT ONE DAY BE KEY TO UNRAVELING THE MYSTERY OF THE SIXGILL'S SUDDEN APPEARANCE IN PUGET SOUND. AS DIVERS CAME TO RECOGNIZE THE PROMINENT SHARKS, RESEARCHERS AT THE AQUARIUM WANTED TO IDENTIFY ALL THE LOCAL SIXGILLS. >> TWO MONTHS OR TWO YEARS LATER, IF THIS SHARK COMES BACK, I NEED TO BE ABLE TO SAY, "THIS IS THE SAME SHARK." WE CAN'T COUNT THEM IF WE CAN'T IDENTIFY THEM. SO WE'RE TAKING THAT STANDARD FISHERIES TAG AND ADDING GEOMETRIC SHAPES TO IT, SO THAT WE CAN IDENTIFY THE INDIVIDUAL SHARK. >> WHAT I DID WAS A TRIANGLE, TRIANGLE, TRIANGLE, RECTANGLE. >> IT LETS US RECOGNIZE INDIVIDUAL SHARKS QUICKLY AND FROM A DISTANCE. THIS GETS PLACED UNDER THE SHARK'S SKIN AND STREAMS AWAY LIKE THAT. ## >> THE FIRST TAG IS TRIANGLE, TRIANGLE, TRIANGLE, RECTANGLE. >> COPY THAT . TRIANGLE, TRIANGLE, RECTANGLE. >> Narrator: THE TAGS COULD HELP SCIENTISTS FIGURE OUT THE POPULATION SIZE AND HOW IT CHANGED OVER TIME. >> HERE SHARKY, SHARKY, SHARKY, SHARKY. >> Narrator: DIVERS WAITED FOR SHARKS TO SWIM CLOSE. THEN TAGGED THEM AND TOOK TISSUE SAMPLES FOR ANALYSIS. >> OUR GOAL WAS TO TAG AS MANY SHARKS AS POSSIBLE, BUT IT WAS REALLY UP TO THE SHARKS WHETHER THEY G OT TAGGED OR NOT. THEY HAVE VERY TOUGH SKIN. BUT I REALLY HAD TO OVERCOME MY CAUTION FOR NOT WANTING TO DAMAGE THE SHARK. YOU HAD TO HIT THEM PRETTY HARD IN ORDER TO GET THE TAG TO BE ABLE TO PIERCE THE SKIN AND >> WE GOT TISSUE ON CIRCLE, CIRCLE, CIRCLE. >> COPY THAT. VERY NICE. >> Narrator: WITH TAGS IN PLACE, THEY BEGAN TO NOTICE SURPRISING BEHAVIORS. >> WE SAW THAT MANY OF THESE SHARKS WERE TRAVELING IN SMALL PERSISTENT GROUPS. TWO OR THREE SHARKS THAT LOOKED LIKE THEY WERE TRAVELING TOGETHER AT THE SAME TIME. SHARKS THAT WE SAW IN FEBRUARY, THAT LOOKED LIKE THEY MAY BE THE SAME SHARKS WE SAW IN JUNE. >> Narrator: SOME SHARK SPECIES HUNT IN PACKS. COULD THAT BE WHAT JEFF AND THE TEAM WERE SEEING? OUT IN THE SOUND, ANOTHER TEAM OF INVESTIGATORS BEGAN GATHERING CLUES ABOUT THE SIXGILL'S MOVEMENTS. >> WE COULD GO OVER RIGHT BY SALTY'S AND DROP IN WHERE THEY SAW THEM LAST NIGHT. >> Narrator: BIOLOGISTS PHIL LEVIN AND KELLY ANDREWS ARE EXPERTS IN ANIMAL MOVEMENT. THEY'D TRACKED SALMON AND OTHER FISH, BUT NOTHING AS LARGE OR COMPLEX AS A SHARK. >> THIS WILL GO DOWN ABOUT 15 FEET. AND LISTEN IN ON THE BOTTOM THERE. >> THESE SHARKS WERE NOT EVEN ON OUR RADAR AS AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF THE PUGET SOUND FOOD WEB. BUT ONCE FISHERMEN STARTED CATCHING THEM FROM PIERS AND DIVERS STARTED SEEING THEM IN 60 FEET OF WATER, IT BECAME PRETTY CLEAR THAT THEY WERE PRETTY COMMON AND COULD BE IMPORTANT. >> RIGHT OVER THERE, OKAY? >> Narrator: THEY WANTED TO UNCOVER WHERE THESE SHARKS LIVED AND WHAT ROLE THEY PLAYED IN THE PUGET SOUND ECOSYSTEM. THEY TEAMED UP WITH STATE FISH AND WILDLIFE AND UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON RESEARCHERS. >> SHARK COMING, ONE IN THE WAITING ROOM. >> Narrator: THIS WAS THE FIRST TIME SCIENTISTS IN PUGET SOUND TRIED TO CATCH AND RELEASE SIXGILLS. >> WE DIDN'T KNOW WHETHER WE WERE GOING TO HAVE A HARD TIME FINDING THESE SHARKS. AND THEN TO OUR SURPRISE, I MEAN, WE WERE ABLE TO CATCH THESE SHARKS PRETTY EASILY. >> GOT ANOTHER SHARK COMING. >> SOMETIMES WE WOULD CATCH FOUR OR FIVE. >> THERE WAS ONE DAY WHERE I REMEMBER WE CAUGHT NINE. AND THOSE WERE ALL IN DOWNTOWN SEATTLE. >> TO BRING UP THIS ANIMAL AND TO SEE HOW COMMON THEY WERE AND TO REALIZE THAT WE KNEW NOTHING ABOUT THEM WAS JUST AN INCREDIBLE EXPERIENCE. >> OKAY. LET'S GET A WEIGHT. IS THIS A FEMALE, WE DECIDED? AND ISN'T SHE A BEAUTY? >> I KNOW. >> EVERY TIME WE CAPTURE A SHARK TO TAG IT, WE TOOK ALL SORTS OF SAMPLES. WE WOULD MEASURE THE FISH AND TRY TO GET SOME GENETIC INFORMATION AND SEE MALES AND FEMALES. >> MOST, IF NOT ALL, OF THESE SHARKS WERE JUVENILES OR SUB-ADULT SHARKS. ALTHOUGH THEY WERE STILL EIGHT TO 10 FEET LONG. I MEAN THESE WERE BIG ANIMALS! >> WE'RE READY. DR. KATZ, DR. KATZ, HANDSOME CHIEF OF SURGERY AT THE HOSPITAL REACHES FORWARD. >> Narrator: THEY IMPLANTED RADIO TRANSMITTERS SO RESEARCHERS COULD TRACK THE ANIMALS. ## >> YOU'RE A DETECTIVE TRYING TO PIECE TOGETHER LITTLE BITS OF INFORMATION TO TELL THE STORY OF THIS ANIMAL'S LIFE. >> THAT'S GOOD. DOWN PLEASE. >> Narrator: SHARKS ARE RESILIENT CREATURES THAT HEAL QUICKLY. AND THESE SIXGILLS WOULD SOON RETURN TO THEIR OLD HAUNTS. TO GET A MORE DETAILED PICTURE OF WHERE THE ANIMALS WERE HANGING OUT, PHIL AND KELLY USED A SPECIALIZED UNDERWATER MICR OPHONE TO LISTEN FOR THE SHARKS. SOME LARGE SHARKS ARE KNOWN TO TRAVEL DOZENS OF MILES A DAY. SO THE RESEARCHERS WERE PREPARED FOR A LONG SEARCH. >> ONCE ONE OF THOSE TRANSMITTERS IS DETECTED, YOU'LL HEAR THIS TRAIN OF PINGS. IT'LL GO PING, PING, PING, PING, PING, PING. >> Narrator: WHAT THEY FOUND DEFIED ALL EXPECTATIONS. >> WE WERE SURPRISED AT HOW EASY IT WAS TO FIND A SHARK. >> WE WOULD PUT OUR BOAT IN THE WATER, AND WITHIN 15, 20 MINUTES, WE WOULD HEAR THE PINGING OF A SHARK. >> Narrator: RESEARCHERS SOON DISCOVERED SOMETHING STRANGE THE SHARKS WERE CLUSTERED IN AREAS ABOUT THE SIZE OF A GOLF COURSE. >> WE SORT OF EXPECTED WHEN WE FIRST STARTED THIS WORK TO BE TRACKING A SHARK THROUGH THE CHANNEL OF PUGET SOUND BUT AS IT TURNED OUT, THEY JUST DID NO T GO ANYWHERE. >> RIGHT HERE IN DOWNTOWN SEATTLE, IN ELLIOTT BAY, THIS WAS THE CENTER OF THE SIXGILL SHARK ABUNDANCE. >> I MEAN RIGHT HERE, RIGHT DOWNTOWN. BIG SHARKS AND A LOT OF THEM. WHY ARE THEY HERE? >> WE WOULD TRACK THESE SHARKS AND THEY WOULD BASICALLY STAY WHERE WE FOUND THEM. THEY WOULD KIND OF MOVE AROUND THE WATERFRONT OF SEATTLE, BUT THEY WOULDN'T LEAVE. AND SOMETIMES THAT GOT MA NON-NESS FOR US JUST DRIVING BACK AND FORTH. >> Narrator: RESEARCHERS BELIEVED THAT PUGET SOUND'S RICH ECOSYSTEM PLAYED A ROLE IN WHAT THEY WERE SEEING. >> THERE WAS PROBABLY PLENTY OF FOOD FOR IT TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF. IT DIDN'T NEED TO GO LONG DISTANCES TO FIND FOOD. >> Narrator: BUT A SEDENTARY SHARK IS ALSO A VULNERABLE ONE. >> IT WOULD BE VERY EASY TO WIPE OUT A SMALL POPULATION. AND WHEN YOU WIPED IT OUT, YOU'RE WIPING THE FUTURE REPRODUCTIVE CAPACITY OF AN AREA. >> Narrator: COULD THIS BE WHY THE SHARKS AROUND THE FISHING PIER VANISHED? >> I THINK PART OF THE LESSON FROM THE SIXGILLS IS THAT MARINE CONSERVATION IS NOT IN SOME REMOTE AREA IN THE MIDDLE OF THE TROPICS. WE NEED TO THINK ABOUT CONSERVATION EVERYWHERE. >> Narrator: WORLDWIDE CONSUMPTION OF SHARKS HAS BEEN ON A STEADY INCLINE SINCE THE 1950s AND HAS INCREASED MORE THAN 150 PERCENT SINCE 2000. ASIA'S APPETITE FOR SHARK FINS IS ONE OF THE BIGGEST DRIVERS OF GLOBAL DEMAND. SHARK FIN SOUP IS A PRIZED DELICACY. A BOWL CAN COST UPWARDS OF $100 THIS HAS LED TO UNSUSTAINABLE LEVELS OF FISHING AND WIDESPREAD POACHING. MILLIONS OF SHARKS HAVE THEIR FINS CUT OFF WHILE THEY'RE STILL ALIVE AND ARE THEN DISCARDED AND LEFT TO DIE. SHARKS SIT ATOP THE FOOD WEB. WHEN THEY DISAPPEAR, THEIR PREY CAN GROW OUT OF CONTROL. AND IN TURN, THE ANIMALS THEY EAT BECOME SCARCE. A DROP IN SHARK POPULATIONS CAN DESTABILIZE WHOLE ECOSYSTEMS, CAUSING FISHERIES TO SHUT DOWN. ONE-QUARTER OF THE OCEANS' SHARK AND RAY SPECIES ARE CURRENTLY THREATENED WITH EXTINCTION. SIXGILLS ARE NEAR THREATENED. BUT BECAUSE THEY'RE SO RARELY SEEN AND LITTLE STUDIED, NO ONE KNOWS HOW MANY ACTUALLY EXIST. SHAWN LARSON HAS MADE IT HER MISSION TO FIND OUT. LARSON IS A SCIENTIST AT THE SEATTLE AQUARIUM AND STUDIES THE GENETICS OF MARINE ANIMALS. >> I JUST HAD A COMPLETELY OPEN MIND BECAUSE I REALLY DIDN'T KNOW WHAT I WAS GOING TO FIND. >> Narrator: HUMANS HAVE MORE THAN 20,000 GENES. SIXGILLS ARE BELIEVED TO BE EQUALLY COMPLEX. BUT UNLIKE THE HUMAN GENOME, WHICH HAS BEEN STUDIED EXTENSIVELY, LITTLE IS KNOWN ABOUT THIS SHARK'S GENETIC MAKEUP. >> NOBODY HAS SEQUENCED THE SIXGILL GENOME, SO WE DON'T KNOW EXACTLY HOW LARGE IT IS. >> Narrator: SHAWN WAS THE FIRST TO ATTEMPT TO CRACK THE SIXGILL'S GENETIC CODE. INFORMATION THAT COULD BE USED TO ESTIMATE SIXGILL POPULATIONS WORLDWIDE. >> I JUST HAD A COMPLETELY OPEN MIND BECAUSE I REALLY DIDN'T KNOW WHAT I WAS GOING TO FIND. >> Narrator: IN COLD STORAGE IN SHAWN'S LAB ARE ALL THE TISSUE SAMPLES THE TEAM GATHERED OVER THE YEARS. THE HUNDREDS OF SAMPLES ARE THE KEYS TO UNLOCKING THE SHARK'S BIOLOGY. >> WITHIN EACH SHARK, WE GET A UNIQUE GENETIC SIGNATURE CALLED THEIR GENETIC FINGERPRINT, WHICH IS AS UNIQUE AS A HUMAN FINGERPRINT OR A HUMAN EYE OR ANYTHING THAT DISTINGUISHES INDIVIDUALS FROM EACH OTHER. ## >> Narrator: BY LOOKING CLOSELY AT THE GENETIC FINGERPRINTS, SHAWN NOTICED AN ASTONISHING PATTERN: MOST OF THE PUGET SOUND SIXGILLS WERE RELATED. >> THEY WERE BROTHERS AND SISTERS OR HALF BROTHERS AND HALF SISTERS. BASED ON THE LITTLE PIECES OF THE GENOME WE LOOKED AT, THAT'S WHAT IT'S TELLING US. >> THEY'RE SIBLINGS, THEY'RE JUST HANGING OUT TOGETHER, WHICH IS JUST BIZARRE. >> Narrator: SCIENTISTS HAD ALREADY FIGURED OUT THAT MOST OF THE SHARKS WERE JUVENILES. AND NOW, THEY'D DISCOVERED THEY WERE RELATED. IT ALL POINTED TO ONE THING. >> OUR REGION MIGHT BE AN IMPORTANT NURSERY FOR THE SIXGILL SHARK. ## >> Narrator: NURSERY AREAS ARE CRITICAL TO SHARK SURVIVAL. AND THESE YOUNG SIXGILLS SEEMED TO BE THRIVING. PUGET SOUND PROVIDED A SAFE HAVEN WITH AN ABUNDANT FOOD SUPPLY. >> THEY PROBABLY STAY IN A RELATED GROUP BECAUSE THAT'S WHERE THEY WERE BORN. BUT THEN OVER TIME, WE WOULD THINK THAT THEY WOULD MOVE AWAY FROM EACH OTHER. >> Narrator: SOME RESEARCHERS GUESSED THESE JUVENILES WERE LEARNING HOW TO FIND FOOD AND SURVIVE FROM EACH OTHER. >> A LOT OF ANIMALS THAT STAY TOGETHER GET BENEFITS. IF THEY'RE IN A GROUP, THEY GET BENEFITS FROM GROUP PROTECTION. A GROUP OF ANIMALS WITH MULTIPLE EYES AND MULTIPLE SENSES IS ABLE TO FIND FOOD BETTER THAN AN INDIVIDUAL. SO MAYBE THEY'RE BENEFITING THAT WAY BY STAYING IN A GROUP TOGETHER. >> Narrator: OR SHARKS MAY SIMPLY ENJOY SPENDING TIME TOGETHER. SHARKS HAVE LONG BEEN THOUGHT OF AS SOLITARY KILLING MACHINES, BUT NEW RESEARCH HAS REVEALED THAT WHEN CERTAIN SPECIES OF SHARK CLUSTER IN LARGE GROUPS. THEY DO SO NOT ONLY FOR SURVIVAL, BUT BECAUSE THEY'RE SOCIAL CREATURES SEEKING COMPANIONSHIP. ONE THING STILL PUZZLED THE RESEARCHERS. IF THE SIXGILLS WERE BORN HERE, WHY HADN'T ANYONE SEEN BABIES OR PREGNANT FEMALES? THEN IN THE SPRING OF 2007, THEY GOT ANOTHER CLUE. A BIG ONE. >> THIS 14-FOOT-LONG SHARK WAS ON THE BEACH. AND THAT'S WHEN YOU REALLY UNDERSTAND, OH WOW, THOSE WERE JUST BABIES THAT WE WERE TAGGING AND NOW HERE'S THIS 14-FOOT LONG SHARK ON THE BEACH, THAT'S WHAT AN ADULT LOOKS LIKE. >> THAT WAS THE FIRST THING THAT POPPED INTO MY MIND, I HOPE THAT'S NOT BLONDIE. >> Narrator: THE SHARK'S SIZE AND COLORING LED SOME DIVERS TO CONCLUDE IT WAS BLONDIE. >> AS SOON AS I SAW THE NEWS FOOTAGE, I KNEW IT WAS HER YOU COULD TELL. >> Narrator: CLOSER EXAMINATION REVEALED AN EVEN BIGGER SECRET. >> AND THERE WAS 82, I THINK, THREE-FOOT LONG PUPS IN IT. JUST STACKED LIKE SARDINES. AMAZING! >> THIS WAS OBVIOUSLY A VERY PREGNANT FEMALE, ABOUT READY TO GIVE BIRTH. THERE WERE SEVERAL PUPS ON THE BEACH NEXT TO HER. >> WE THINK SHE PROBABLY HAD EXPENDED A LOT OF ENERGY, SHE WAS READY TO GIVE BIRTH, AND THEN THE TIDE JUST WENT OUT AND SHE GOT STUCK ON THE BEACH AND DIED. >> Narrator: NONE OF THE PUPS SURVIVED. THEY WERE BROUGHT TO THE BURKE MUSEUM AT THE UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON TO BE STUDIED. >> SO THE FIRST THING WE'RE GOING TO DO IS GET A GOOD LENGTH MEASUREMENT. >> 660 MILLIMETERS. >> Narrator: MOST SHARK SPECIES HAVE ONLY A HANDFUL OF BABIES. BUT SIXGILLS ARE THE EXCEPTION. >> SO THE COOL THING ABOUT THESE GUYS IS THE NUMBER OF PUPS A FEMALE CAN HAVE. UP TO 108 PUPS PER LITTER. WHICH IS JUST INCREDIBLE! >> Narrator: TISSUE SAMPLES INDICATED THAT THE MOTHER HAD LIKELY COME FROM SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA OR MEXICO. >> THE FACT THAT THERE WAS AN ADULT COMING INTO PUGET SOUND AND THAT SHE WAS PREGNANT, JUST SHOWED US THAT, YES, THIS IS A NURSERY GROUND. >> IF A COUPLE OF FEMALES CAME IN, EACH OF THEM HAD 80 OR 100 PUPS, WE COULD'VE HAD SEVERAL HUNDRED SHARKS JUST FROM THOSE COUPLE OF FEMALES. >> Narrator: IT WAS A REMARKABLE DISCOVERY THAT SEEMED TO CONFIRM SCIENTISTS' SUSPICIONS. PREGNANT SIXGILLS WERE COMING IN FROM THE OPEN OCEAN TO GIVE BIRTH. THIS MEANT PUGET SOUND COULD BE THE WORLD'S FIRST KNOWN BIRTHING GROUNDS AND NURSERY FOR SIXGILLS. SCIENTISTS DON'T KNOW HOW MANY MORE OF THESE NURSERIES MIGHT EXIST. BUT THEY SAY IDENTIFYING AND PROTECTING THEM IS ESSENTIAL TO THE SURVIVAL OF SHARK SPECIES WORLDWIDE. THE PRESENCE OF SO MANY JUVENILE SHARKS WAS A BOON FOR RESEARCH. THE ANIMALS SEEMED READY TO YIELD EVEN MORE OF THEIR LONG-HELD SECRETS. AND THEN IN THE SPRING OF 2008, EVERYTHING CHANGED. >> WE COULD NOT CATCH A SINGLE SHARK. WE WERE QUITE SURPRISED. WE WENT FROM SEEING 40 SHARKS AT A SHARK RESEARCH EVENT TO MAYBE SEEING THREE SHARKS, OR TWO SHARKS, OR EVEN ONE OR ZERO SHARKS. THIS WAS A CHANGE. A BIG CHANGE. WE WERE STILL EXPECTING TO BE UP TO OUR ARMPITS IN SHARKS. >> THIS WAS WORRYING. >> AT THE SAME TIME THAT WE SAW A DECLINE, THE SAME THING WAS HAPPENING IN THE DIVING COMMUNITY. SO SHARKS THROUGHOUT THE SYSTEM WERE DISAPPEARING. >> IT WAS PRETTY QUICK, IT WAS SUDDEN. THERE WAS JUST A DROP OFF OF SIGHTINGS. OR REPORTED SIGHTINGS. >> Narrator: WHAT HAD CAUSED THE SHARKS TO SUDDENLY VANISH? IN FACT, THIS WASN'T THE FIRST TIME LARGE NUMBERS OF SIXGILLS HAD GONE MISSING. JUST A FEW YEARS BEFORE THE SEATTLE DISAPPEARANCE, A POPULATION OF SIXGILLS AROUND VANCOUVER ISLAND VANISHED IN SIMILAR FASHION. THE COASTAL WATERS OF BRITISH COLUMBIA ARE SOME OF THE RICHEST AND MOST BIODIVERSE IN THE WORLD. FEW PEOPLE KNOW THAT BETTER THAN ROB ZIELINSKI AND HIS WIFE AMANDA. THEY RUN A DIVE BUSINESS OFF THE EAST COAST OF VANCOUVER ISLAND. ROB'S FAMILY PIONEERED DIVING IN THESE PARTS. >> I STARTED DIVING WHEN I WAS ABOUT SEVEN OR EIGHT YEARS OLD. I GREW UP IN A DIVING FAMILY AND AS SOON AS I WAS ABLE TO HANDLE THE EQUIPMENT, I STARTED DIVING AND OPERATING BOATS, AND I'VE BEEN DOING THAT MY WHOLE LIFE. >> Narrator: IN THE 1970s, THE ZIELINSKIS WERE AMONG THE FIRST TO DISCOVER THAT SIXGILLS WERE FREQUENTING THESE WATERS. ## ## >> THIS IS FLORA ISLET, WHERE HE HAD THE MAJORITY OF OUR SIXGILL SIGHTINGS OVER THE YEARS. I PERSONALLY GOT TO SEE MANY DOZENS, IF NOT HUNDREDS OF SHARKS HERE OVER THE YEARS. >> ON MY FIRST DIVE, I SAW THREE. AND THE NEXT DIVE, I SAW SEVEN. AND IT WAS JUST LIKE THAT, ALL THE TIME. IT WAS COMMON AND EASY TO DO. YOU WOULD PUT ON YOUR STUFF AND DROP DOWN TO 70 FEET AND THEY WOULD BE THERE. THIS IS IT. THE SHARKS WOULD HAVE BEEN RIGHT UNDER THE BOAT. >> Narrator: THIS IS ONE OF THE FEW PLACES OUTSIDE OF PUGET SOUND WHERE DIVERS COULD ENCOUNTER SIXGILLS. THE SHARKS, WHICH WERE ALSO MOSTLY JUVENILES, BECAME A CELEBRATED ATTRACTION. >> FOR THE BUSINESS, IT WAS A BI G DRAW. I MEAN, IT WAS A VERY SPECIAL THING TO BE ABLE TO COME AND SWIM WITH A SIXGILL. >> WE WOULD USUALLY SAY TO OUR GROUPS THAT ON ANY GIVEN DAY, ON ANY GIVEN DIVE, SOMEONE WOULD HAVE A VERY GOOD CHANCE OF SEEING ONE. >> APRIL 1999, SIXGILL SHARK GET AWAY. >> Narrator: PEOPLE WOULD TRAVEL FROM AROUND THE WORLD FOR A GLIMPSE OF THESE SHARKS. BUT BY THE MID-2000s, THE ODDS WERE NO LONGER IN THE DIVERS' FAVOR. >> OUR SIGHTINGS JUST STARTED DECLINING. SORT OF A SLOW, STEADY DECLINE. AND THEN QUITE ABRUPTLY, OUR SIGHTINGS JUST DROPPED RIGHT OFF. WE STILL SEE THE ODD ANIMAL, BUT IT'S NOT CLOSE TO THE ABUNDANCE THAT WE DID BEFORE. >> Narrator: SOME SPECULATE THE SHARKS WERE A CASUALTY OF COMMERCIAL FISHING, OTHERS THINK CHANGES TO THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT MAY BE TO BLAME. BUT NO ONE KNOWS FOR CERTAIN. >> IT WOULD BE WONDERFUL TO START SEEING THEM AS DIVERS AGAIN, BUT MY BIGGEST HOPE WOULD BE THAT THEY'RE ACTUALLY STILL ALIVE. AS A SPECIES IN THIS AREA, THAT WE HAVEN'T JUST COMPLETELY WIPED THEM OUT OF THIS AREA AND THEY'VE CEASED TO EXIST. >> Narrator: WHAT HAPPENED TO THE SIXGILLS OF THE NORTHWEST? THEIR DISAPPEARANCE REMAINED A MYSTERY. BACK IN SEATTLE, RESEARCHERS PHIL LEVIN AND KELLY ANDREWS SCOURED THE TRACKING DATA FOR ANSWERS. >> AND EVERY TIME WE'D LAUNCH THE BOAT, WE'D PUT OUR RECEIVERS IN AND WE'D GET PINGS FROM THE SHARKS IN THIS AREA. PRETTY MUCH EVERY SINGLE ONE OF OUR TRACKS IS GOING RIGHT ALONG THE WATERFRONT AND BACK. RIGHT ALONG THE WATERFRONT AND BACK. >> NOT SO MUCH ACROSS, RIGHT? >> YEAH, NOTHING THROUGH THE MIDDLE. IT'S ALWAYS RIGHT ALONG THE EDGES OF THE BAY. >> Narrator: THEY TRACED THE PATH OF THE ANIMALS THAT GATHERED AROUND SEATTLE'S WATERFRONT. AND NOTICED A SUDDEN AND DRAMATIC CHANGE IN BEHAVIOR IN THE MID-2000s . >> AT FIRST, WE'RE SEEING MOVEMENTS FROM HERE TO HERE, AND NOW, WE'RE TALKING ABOUT IN THE SPACE OF JUST A FEW WEEKS REALLY, WE'RE TALKING ABOUT GOING FROM HERE ALL THE WAY OUT. TO THE STRAITS, WHICH ENDS UP LEADING TO THE OCEAN. >> YEAH. THEY WERE CLEARLY GOING FASTER THAN BEFORE. AND IN MUCH MORE OF A STRAIGHT LINE. THEY WEREN'T JUST MEANDERING, THEY WERE SWIMMING SOMEPLACE. >> YOU KNOW, THAT WAS SORT OF OUR FIRST HINT THAT, WHOA, SOMETHING JUST HAPPENED WITH THESE SHARKS. >> Narrator: THE SHARKS STARTED SWIMMING GREATER DISTANCES. IT WAS AS IF THEY WERE BUILDING UP FOR A LONG JOURNEY. THEN, ONE BY ONE, THEY HEADED NORTH OUT OF SEATTLE AND AWAY FROM CENTRAL PUGET SOUND, TO THE STRAIT OF JUAN DE FUCA AND THEN OUT TO THE OCEAN. >> SOME TURNED LEFT AND WENT DOWN TO CALIFORNIA. SOME TURNED RIGHT AND WENT UP TO BRITISH COLUMBIA. BUT IT WAS CLEAR THAT THEY WERE OFF ONTO THEIR ADULT LIFE IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN. >> Narrator: THE EXODUS CONTINUED FOR SEVERAL MONTHS UNTIL ALL THE TAGGED SHARKS WERE GONE. >> WE SORT OF ENDED OUR RESEARCH BECAUSE THERE WERE NO ANIMALS TO CATCH AND EASILY DO THIS WORK ON. >> Narrator: PHIL AND KELLY BELIEVE THAT WHEN THE YOUNG SIXGILLS REACHED A CERTAIN SIZE, SOMETHING TRIGGERED THEM TO LEAVE PUGET SOUND AND VENTURE INTO THE OPEN OCEAN. >> BASICALLY, THEY GO OFF THE CONTINENTAL SHELF AND GO INTO DEEP WATERS, A THOUSAND, 2,000, 3,000 METERS DEEP. AND WE THINK THIS GROUP OF BABIES WERE GROWING UP IN PUGET SOUND, AND AS THEY LEFT PUGET SOUND, THERE WEREN'T MORE TO REPLACE THEM. >> Narrator: THE DISCOVERY PROVIDED A POSSIBLE EXPLANATION FOR WHY SHARKS DISAPPEARED, NOT JUST FROM PUGET SOUND, BUT FROM VANCOUVER ISLAND A S WELL. >> THIS MAY BE A TOTALLY NATURAL PATTERN WHERE THE ADULTS COME IN AND GIVE BIRTH IN LARGE NUMBERS AND THEN DON'T RETURN FOR SEVERAL YEARS. >> Narrator: THERE'S COMPELLING EVIDENCE THAT THIS IS THE CASE. BUT UNTIL SHARKS RETURN, QUESTIONS WILL REMAIN. >> IT'S REALLY A QUESTION AS TO WHETHER THESE ANIMALS WILL BE COMING BACK TO THE SAME WATERS THAT THEY GREW UP IN TO GIVE BIRTH. THAT WOULD BE A FANTASTIC PIECE TO ADD TO THE PUZZLE. >> THEY WILL COME BACK. I JUST DON'T KNOW WHEN. >> Narrator: IT'S BEEN NEARLY A DECADE SINCE DIVERS REGULARLY ENCOUNTERED SIXGILLS IN THESE WATERS, BUT PEOPLE LIKE ROB HOLMAN CONTINUE TO SEARCH. >> IT WILL BE A CHILLY ONE. [BOAT ENGINE] >> WHICH WAY ARE WE DRIFTING? KIND OF DRIFTED IN, AREN'T WE? >> IT'S THE WIND THAT WE'VE G OT TO BE CONCERNED WITH >> YEAH, SO I NEED TO GET OUT A LITTLE BIT. THERE HAVE BEEN A FEW SIXGILL SIGHTINGS AT ONE OF THE DIVE SITES IN THE NEARBY AREA. SO WE ARE A LITTLE BIT DOWN CURRENT OF THAT, SO WE'RE HOPING TO DRAW SOME IN. >> WHAT DO YOU THINK THE CHANCES ARE OF SEEING A SIXGILL TONIGHT. I GIVE IT ABOUT 50/50, YEAH. ## >> OUT OF THE CORNER OF MY EYE, I SAW A LIGHT FLASHING, AND I BELIEVE IT WAS MY BUDDY JEFF KIND OF POINTING OUT THAT THERE WAS A SHARK COMING IN. YOU COULD SEE GAINED KIND OF A GHOSTLY SHAPE COMING IN AND WORKING ITS WAY TOWARD THE CHUM PILE. ## IT WASN'T ONE OF THE BIG HEALTHY GA GOLIATHS, BUT IT WAS A REAL HEALTHY SHARK. AND IT JUST CAME IN, CIRCLED, AND IT LEFT. I THINK WE HAD LIKE THREE OR FOUR SIGHTINGS OVER THE COURSE OF THE EVENING. AND IT MAY HAVE BEEN TWO OR THREE DIFFERENT SHARKS. ## IT'S JUST LIKE, WOW, IT WORKED. IT STILL WORKS. ## >> AWESOME. >> THAT LITTLE GUY WAS CUTE. >> Narrator: DIVERS HAVE BEEN REPORTING NEW SIGHTINGS AROUND PUGET SOUND. >> IT'S NICE TO SEE THEM AGAIN. IT'S BEEN SUCH A DRY PERIOD FOR SO LONG. PEOPLE WEREN'T SEEING THEM THAT MUCH. AND IT'S JUST, IT WAS ENCOURAGING TO SEE THEM COME BACK IN. ## >> Narrator: IT'S TOO SOON TO SAY IF A NEW GENERATION OF SIXGILLS HAS EMERGED. BUT RECENT SIGHTINGS HAVE STIRRED HOPE. >> IT'S INCREDIBLY ENCOURAGING. THERE WERE A COUPLE SIGHTINGS AND EVERYBODY'S GETTING THEIR GEAR TOGETHER AND HEADING BACK OUT. I DID. ## >> ARE WE JUST STARTING TO SEE THE EARLY PHASE OF ANOTHER BATCH OF SHARKS MOVING IN? I'M HOPEFUL, BUT I'M SKEPTICAL UNTIL THE NUMBERS SUPPORT IT. >> Narrator: THE STORY OF THE SIXGILLS IS THE STORY OF THE OCEANS THEMSELVES AND HOW MUCH WE HAVE LEFT TO LEARN. FOR IF A SHARK THIS LARGE CAN HIDE IN THE HEART OF A MAJOR CITY, WHAT OTHER WONDERS LIE BENEATH THE SURFACE? WITH SHARKS AND OTHER CREATURES RAPIDLY DISAPPEARING, WILL WE DISCOVER THEIR SECRETS BEFORE IT'S TOO LATE? ## ## ## ## ת')@ Captions by:ת Regis Realtime, [email protected] Olympia, Washingtonת [email protected] תתת' % # % >> THIS IS "BBC WORLD NEWS." % >> FUNDING OF THIS PRESENTATION % IS MADE POSSIBLE BY THE FREEMAN % FOUNDATION, % NEWMAN''S OWN FOUNDATION, GIVING%ALL PROFITS FROM NEWMAN''S OWN TO%CHARITY AND PURSUING THE COMMON%GOOD, % KOVLER FOUNDATION — % PURSUING SOLUTIONS FOR AMERICA''S % NEGLECTED NEEDS, % AND THE ARUBA TOURISM AUTHORITY. % >> PLANNING A VACATION ESCAPE % THAT IS RELAXING, INVITING, AND % EXCITING IS A LOT EASIER THAN % YOU THINK. % YOU CAN FIND IT HERE, IN ARUBA. % FAMILIES, COUPLES, AND FRIENDS % CAN ALL FIND THEIR ESCAPE ON THE % ISLAND WITH WARM SUNNY DAYS, % COOLING TRADEWINDS, AND THE % CRYSTAL BLUE CARIBBEAN SEA. % NONSTOP FLIGHTS ARE AVAILABLE % FROM MOST MAJOR AIRPORTS. % MORE INFORMATION FOR YOUR % VACATION PLANNING IS AVAILABLE % AT ARUBA.COM. % >> AND NOW, "BBC WORLD NEWS % AMERICA." % >> THIS IS "BBC WORLD NEWS% AMERICA ."% I AM LAURA TREVELYAN.% CHILLING WORDS FROM THE ORLANDO% NIGHTCLUB SHOOTER.% OFFICIALS RELEASED THE% TRANSCRIPTS OF EMERGENCY CALLS%HE MADE WHILE CA
Views:18584|Rating:4.94|View Time:3:41Minutes|Likes:87|Dislikes:1 In 1995, Brent McElroy began building acoustic guitars. Today he is a full-time luthier who builds exquisite instruments from his West Seattle workshop. The Fretboard Journal magazine pays a visit to McElroy to hear how he became a luthier and to chronicle a typical day in his workshop.
Filmed by Ryan Richter and Jason Verlinde. Edited by Ryan Richter.
For more information on Brent McElroy’s instruments: mcelroyguitars.com/
Music by Bill Mize, played on his personal McElroy guitar: billmize.com
Go to the FJ’s website – fretboardjournal.com – to see even more exclusive interviews, podcasts, performance videos and more. The Fretboard Journal is the guitarist’s bible, featuring in-depth interviews with legendary players and builders, photo essays and more. Every three months, subscribers receive a new, 128 page keepsake issue of the magazine in the mail.
I'm Brent McIlroy I'm a guitar maker I live in Seattle Washington well I've been involved in music almost all my life and I actually was a drummer since I've been in bands since I was in junior high and I was more interested in my friends guitars especially when the mystic guitars came out and I couldn't play drums because I was too loud I eventually got my own acoustic guitar so I could play along and so I learned a little guitar and was intrigued with the instrument more so than the drums they're fun but not a tree and through the years I ran into the guy at work and I was a carpenter and I ran into this guy that said he made guitars okay what didn't know anybody could do that but I found that very intriguing and means I was a carpenter and my hobby was woodworking I found that you know just fascinating and I kind of forgot about it and then a few years later I had opened a little coffee house and I had music on the weekends and this guy came in to play and he made his own guitar now now and that was even closer because I could see the guitar and the guy who made it and found it extremely intriguing and I said hey you know I don't see how you could do something like that it's just what amazes me and he was looking at all the woodwork I did in our little coffee house and he said well if you could do this kind of work you know you could make a guitar and I said well I doubt it but that's stuck in my head and that's just it a couple of years later I moved here to Seattle and I saw a third guitar maker in down at Seattle Center it was some event and there was a guy at a table that had some half-made guitars and now I was just I had to figure it out and after that I was hooked totally hooked I was really starting just as a hobby I thought it'd be fun to do after I finished the first one I is already buying wood for the second one and planning it out and it just went from there it was already look today there it's almost 100 guitars later now I still enjoy it so I don't know you know it's just it's kind of like a job now study you just you're just doing a job that you enjoy most of the time except for when some frustrating happens and that's when I start cussing you