The Wolfpack: documentary about six brothers locked in NY apartment

Six brothers, who were kept locked in a New York apartment for decades and constructed their lives from the movies they watched, are the subject of a new documentary. Channel 4 News went to meet them.

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I didn't have movies life would be pretty boring and there wouldn't be any point to go on so movies opened up another world deep in the thronging city their isolation was absolute we were taught by our father not to talk to strangers you know until five years ago the Anglo brothers had spent nearly their whole lives inside their 16th floor apartment on the Lower East Side with their sister and mother locked away by their father dad was the only one that had the keys to the front door no one else not even our mother it's scaring having to want to break out of that that box trapped inside that box the boys created a vivid imaginative world hang out with homemade props mr. pink scenes from the thousands of films they watch during their years of seclusion pulp fiction has a lot of characters that all of us can play in after meeting the family on a rare outing in the neighborhood five years ago the filmmaker Crystal Moselle befriended and began to film them it is through her lens that their movies appear this outfit is made out of cereal boxes and yoga mats and why do you want to kill me I'm gonna kill you Batman must take his mask off and turn himself in and everything he doesn't people will die without revealing too much these days the brothers are able to live their lives with the freedom they were so long denied there must be so much expectation of what the world would be like I said disappointed or has it absolutely not it's delivered and more everything is sort of similar to the movie world the only difference is it's not structured like the movie world it's not told as the movie world three-act story no it is not Mukunda is now 20 although one of the middle brothers he played a leading role in their productions we always say lines from some of our favorite films we kind of thought why don't we do those he says it was his curiosity about the world outside that led him to be the first to break away so tell me what made you make the decision to make a break from the apartment I feel like it just sparked naturally it wasn't a plan that I'm gonna get out of here on this day at this time where the specific thing do this symbolize it wasn't anything like that was a real spur-of-the-moment thing I just woke up and I was like today hey I'm gonna go out what how would you describe your relationship with your dad um now it's not so bad we don't talk but we wish each other the best although the voice father appears only briefly in the documentary their mother Suzanne is a constant presence perfect her son's value her transformation as much as their own we owe everything to her one of the greatest receptions we have is how taken people are with us they say like we're very well-spoken and nice and we owe that all to our mom it's ironic these boys who were so deliberately kept from the world have now found themselves propelled into it by the film that revealed their isolation it was a very strong way of living and it was like a coat that and it's completely backfired so now it's one extreme to another from listing their favorite films oh let's agree that the Godfather 1 & 2 is number one number two for me it's JFK I agree they're now involved in the craft of filmmaking working on sets in New York but there's much about the outside world to learn can I ask a personal question about relationships maybe relationships with girls I don't know sure how's that going it's going it's going dot okay let's see what happens yeah Monday's Valentine's Day right no I don't I wish I did though it's interesting as well it's like making a new discovery a new feeling in yourself I believe what makes you human is feelings if you don't have any of those this it's kind of pointless really there's no it's not clear yet how their next scene unfolds but for the anglo brothers that is what makes life so much better than any movie saluté Kylie Morris Channel 4 News New York you

Woodstock, Snoopy's devoted bird friend

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The Charles M. Schulz Museum, in Santa Rosa, Calif., is celebrating one of the most popular “Peanuts” characters with an exhibition devoted to Woodstock, the little “hippie bird” who became a valued friend of Snoopy’s. Luke Burbank talks with the comic strip artist’s widow, Jean Schulz, exhibition curator Benjamin Clark, and cartoonist Paige Braddock, about the important role Woodstock played in the Peanuts universe.

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How do some animals glow? — Speaking of Chemistry

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What’s the difference between fluorescence and bioluminescence? We illuminate the biochemical distinctions. ↓↓More info and references below↓↓ Special …


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This video consists of SIMPLIFICATION TRICKS which is a part of MATHS . A very helpful and must watch video for all competitive exams as it contains the …

The real reason the El Paso Walmart shooting is Donald Trump’s fault

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भारतीय वैज्ञानिकों ने खोजे 28 नए तारे|Indian scientist discovered new stars|ISRO

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भारतीय वैज्ञानिकों ने खोजे 28 नए तारे|Indian scientist discovered new stars|ISRO #isro #drdo #kautilyaproject #emisatsatellites #isromissi…

The History of Ice Cream | Food: Now and Then | NowThis

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Early ice cream flavors included asparagus, cheese, and bread crumbs.
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The first scoop of ice cream is over 2,500 years old.

People didn’t have freezers back then, so the first scoops of ice cream were made with snow and ice. Alexander the Great reportedly loved to pour honey and nectar on snow, but emperors of the Tang dynasty are credited as the first people to eat frozen, milk-like concoctions.

Eventually people learned that the combination of ice and salt could be used to freeze things, so they started to experiment. They first messed around with wine slushies, which eventually gave way to sorbet in Italy. Milk was eventually added to the mix, but only the wealthy were allowed to taste it.

But in 1660, the recipe was set free to the public and people went crazy — including our first president. George Washington apparently spent a total of $200 on ice cream one summer. In the late 1800s, ice cream soda at fountains became popular as technology made the treat more accessible.

Ice cream in cones became popular at the 1904 St Louis World’s Fair, where some people say the waffle cone was invented. Prepackaged ice cream was available at supermarkets in the 1970s, but there still have been plenty of specialty ice cream shops created since then that make the most interesting and indulgent flavors.

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The very first ice cream flavors were The first scoop of ice cream is more
than 2,500 years old. Back then, people didn't have freezers, so frozen treats
were made with snow and ice. Stuff that comes from the ground. Alexander the
Great loved to pour honey and nectar on his
snow, but emperors of the Tang Dynasty are believed to be the first people to
eat a frozen milk like confection. Eventually, people learned that the combo
of ice and salt could be used to freeze things. So people started experimenting.
First, with frozen drinks like wine slushies. That's right, frose has been
around for 500 years before you started drinking it at brunch. But in the Middle
East, people were making frozen drinks with sugar, rosewater, lemon juice, and
flowers. It was all served over ice or snow in large gold bowls. How fancy! That recipe made its way to Italy and it evolved into sorbet. One day someone
decided to add milk to the mix. It was called cream ice, but recipes were
heavily guarded. Only the wealthy had the privilege of tasting it. Ice cream was
set free and available to the public in 1660 and people started going crazy with
the flavors. You think today's ice cream is creative? Try foie gras, grated cheese,
asparagus, or bread crumbs in your sundae. The first record of ice cream in America
was in 1744. George Washington spent $200 on ice cream in one summer. I can relate to that. As technology got better, ice cream became more accessible. The ice cream
soda became a staple at soda fountain shops in America in 1874. Of course,
America up to the ice cream ante by inventing the sundae in the 1800s.
Some historians say the sundae was created in response to strict religious
laws called blue laws. These laws prohibited any leisure activities on
Sundays, which means the ice cream soda was too indulgent for Sundays.
What? But a reverend and church treasurer in Ithaca, New York found a way to get
around that law. So people could still get their ice cream fix. Sneaky, right?
They created a bowl of vanilla ice cream topped with cherry syrup and a candied
cherry. The cherry sundae was born. It was named after the day it was created and
was the first documented ice cream sundae in the U.S. And then there's the
ice cream cone. Eating ice cream from a cone became popular at the 1904 St.
Louis World's Fair, where some people say the waffle cone was invented. A cone was
sometimes called a hokey-pokey and a cup of ice cream was known as a toot.
I'll get two toots a hokey-pokey, then I guess I'll turn myself around. People started selling ice cream from trucks in
the 1950s. Prepackaged ice cream was available at supermarkets and ice cream
parlors started to disappear, but don't worry. Today, there are still plenty of
specialty ice cream shops around and tons of variety. Americans enjoy about 48
pints of ice cream a year, because who can say no to sweet, sweet ice cream? Where's my scoop?

13 Reasons Why Season 3: Everything the Cast Has Said!

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Dylan Minnette, Aisha Boe, Justin Prentice, Miles Heizer and more ’13 Reasons Why’ stars reveal their thoughts and hopes on season three of the hit Netflix …

AP analysis: What's next after the INF treat ends?

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A landmark arms control treaty between the U.S. and Russia expired Friday after months in which neither side made serious efforts to preserve a Cold War-era …

How London's Crossrail project is helping boost wildlife in the capital – BBC London

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The London Crossrail project may not be running to budget or schedule, but it is having a surprisingly positive impact on wildlife.

The millions of tonnes of earth and other materials excavated in London was shipped to Wallasea Island, instead of going to landfill.

The sea had been washing away the coastline, but now a new nature reserve has been built with London soil and it’s been a massive boost for wild birds and seals.

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Most INSANE Historical Discoveries Ever Documented!

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It seems that every passing year, we find more and more evidence of intelligent life way before what we thought was possible! Today, we will be looking at some of the most insane historical discoveries ever documented!

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it seems that every passing year we find more and more evidence of intelligent life way before what we even thought was possible we have no idea when the first humans were here and we don't know about so many different civilizations that were here before us in today's video we'll look at what could be the world's oldest bridge and other fascinating ancient historical finds ready to join the finest squad then make sure to subscribe with notifications on so you don't miss any of our interesting videos ever again that being said let's begin a love story while there's no known source for the bridge all we have to go on our ancient history books and what historians deem as accurate the story kind of goes like this there was a Hindu god by the name of Rama he had the love of his life but she was trapped and serving for an evil demon king by the name of Ravana he wanted to get to her but he didn't have a way to cross the vent treacherous mountains that make up the journey to Sri Lanka so he assembled an army and had them build a bridge all the way to Sri Lanka from India so that he could go and rescue his lovely many people say this is simply a fairy tale and that no Hindu god actually existed nor was there any kind of demon king holding someone hostage in Sri Lanka it's still a lovely story though of true love and where a massive bridge is built so that a king can rescue his significant other there wasn't water in this area back 1.7 million years ago it was dangerous terrain and mountains that couldn't be walked upon without a natural path for an army to travel on the world's oldest bridge experts now claim that they've found the world's oldest bridge and it's baffling a lot of historians as to how it was made the really fascinating discovery isn't so much the bridge or how it was made but it's the fact that it's supposedly nearly 2 million years old this means that humans have been on earth far longer than we thought however is this really the world's oldest bridge or is this formation just a pure coincidence of conveniently placed rocks to make it look like a bridge was here when experts examine to the bridge they determined that it was a ratio of 10 to 1 10 to 1 is the ratio in which bridges are built today and we have to wonder if this was where the formation of bridges started this would shake the core of our foundation and everything we know about ancient civilizations because if this is true it suggests that people could erect working structures long before we initially thought they could science claims that humans have only been on earth for about 200,000 years so this bridge would throw science into a frenzy and we have to re-examine everything we thought we knew the bridge stretches all the way from India to Sri Lanka and if you go into space you can even see the bridge from there the authenticity of the bridge so what exactly do we know about this bridge and who said it was a legit bridge we have no definitive proof that this was actually a man-made bridge but there are a couple of odd things about it that stick out to scientists from the Geological Survey of India a man by the name of dr. s Padrino Ryan on has gone to the bridge site and has studied some examples from the bridge and materials taken from the site he says that there's no way this was made by a natural formation of rocks and that there had to be more to it than that the doctor was the one who claims that this bridge was made over a million years ago nearly 2 million years ago and a lot of people are speculating that his claim is way off however when they started digging into the bridge some of their discoveries were just startling they dug six meters below the surface of the bridge and they found calcareous sandstone boulders corals and then when they kept digging even further there was loose sand this was starting to not make any sense whatsoever and went against everything that archaeologists thought was possible how do you think a bunch of loose sand got underneath all those rocks divers investigate needing more information about this bizarre formation and to prove that it was actually man-made a team of divers set off to physically examine the bridge what they found was that there was no way the bridge was made in a natural formation over time they examined some of the boulders that were underneath the surface and claimed that the boulders were not in a path that would suggest that they were composed in a typical marine formation they identified the boulders and said that they had to have come from either of the causeways digging deeper down into the bridge there was strong evidence of a quarry that was once operated here as well upon the final conclusion the doctor stated that the materials had to be placed from either Shore on the bottom of the sand to help build the causeway for this bridge the fact that loose sand was conveniently placed underneath the boulders coral and other rock formations mean that it wasn't natural at all and those materials had to be manually placed there for that to have happened at all this isn't definitive proof that the bridge was built two million years ago but it's definitely proof that there's more than meets the eye here and it's definitely part of an ancient civilization a natural formation however not everyone shared this point of view and some people claim that the discovering doctor is Justice teracle one of those people is a geologist by the name of Surat care care is a geologist who specifically specializes in marine formations and studies ancient architecture underwater to determine whether it was man-made or whether it was naturally formed over time Kerr believes this isn't man-made at all and there's more than ample evidence to suggest that it's simply an formation dr. Kara believes that when the Ice Age was happening the earth was radically changing once the glacial build-up was starting to melt this made the sea level rise by an astonishing 10 meters in some areas and tens of meters in others this covered up what is known about the bridge today and he firmly believes that there's nothing more than mother nature taken its toll he says that coral buildup suggest that the ice cap melted rather slowly and that for a brief period of time during the Ice Age you could actually walk to Sri Lanka from India on this formation towards the end of the Ice Age the sea levels rose even more Pompey this is one of the most famous archeologist discoveries of all time finding Pompeii was like striking literal gold for a lot of archaeologists and it set off a new era of discovery for the field the story goes like this in 79 AD there was an ancient Roman city called Pompeii which was ruled with an ironclad fist well during this time it's believed that the gods were angry so they erupted a massive volcano and covered the entire city in ashes buried underneath all of this ash and destruction was an entire civilization full of people and not only that but there was a lot of treasure to be discovered as well there were a lot of objects buildings and treasure just waiting to be discovered underneath all the molten material that had long been dissipated how did everything remain so well preserved underneath all the ash this means that no air no moisture no rain no harmful chemicals could get underneath to ruin the integrity of everything buried rosetta stone believe it or not rosetta stone is more than a learning program to teach people a new language rosetta stone was a very complex language that was carved into a rock as far as we can tell the dates of the language go way back all the way to 196 BC researchers believe that there are three different languages inscribed into the rock and those languages are demotic script ancient Greek and ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs this might be where the idea of the rosetta stone software comes from because the original rosetta stone had three different languages on the fascinating thing about hieroglyphs is that they can be used to translate just about any language and they were pretty universal back during this time period almost any civilization or nation could understand what they were trying to say or at least what they meant Richards the third Richard the third was one of the last known kings of England at least in the Plantagenet sense he didn't particularly have a very good reputation either because he was known as a very nasty and very brutal King people knew him as someone who would kill princes someone who was a bit of a crook and not trustworthy whatsoever it also doesn't help that he had a reputation for taking power any way he could obtain it let's just say he wasn't really missed among his people however some historians wonder how much truth there is to all of that it wasn't until 2012 that his remains were found because supposedly no one wanted to know where he was buried back then some people believed that the dead could rise again and they wanted him nowhere near where they were it made sense at the time he also had a curvature of the spine which Richard the third was known to have as well Altamira cave the Alta Mira cave is incredibly fascinating this isn't just some hole in the ground with a long passage of tunnels this is one of those stories that brings not only archaeologists together but anthropologists together as well because of what happened in here inside of the cave there are a lot of stories being told all at once a lot of people used to come here to paint things such as mammals and human hands the cave wasn't discovered until 1880 when the cave was initially discovered it was one of the first known caves to contain such drawings at least then we had found at the current point in time it offered a lot of insight into prehistoric humans the animals that used to exist during their time as well the best guess is that this cave stores artifacts and drawings back all the way to 20 2,000 years ago Maui Island one of the greatest mysteries of all time is the statues on the Maui Island so many people debate what they were used for why they exist and what exact purpose they're trying to serve there are approximately 887 statues on this island and all of them are insanely massive one of the biggest mysteries yet to be solved is just how they even got there these statues are so huge and the dating goes back all the way to 1250 so how exactly did the people transport all of these statues there in the first place was there an army of slaves at a king's disposal that put all these statues here the best theory people have is that they believed people of power could command the statues to wall can do their fighting for them what do you think the most fascinating find is do you really think the world will end just because of a two million year old doll also check out our other cool stuff showing up on screen right now see you next time you

MIFF 2014:Press Conference of IDPA (Indian Documentary Producers' Association)

IDPA is a non-profit organisation that came into being in 1956. It is registered as a public trust under the Bombay Public Trust Act 1950. Today IDPA is India ‘s single largest association of producers of documentaries, animation films, advertisement films and TV programmes.

In its over 50 years of existence, IDPA has worked in the interest of documentary and short film makers by providing a forum for like-minded professionals. It has facilitated their working life by providing them with regular updates, standardised rate cards and by settling disputes.

IDPA has organised film festivals and instituted awards to recognise and reward the talents of Indian short film makers. IDPA is also involved with educational institutions that offer courses in media and communications and would like to reach out to young people entering the profession.

Together with Films Division, IDPA has been co-organiser of the Mumbai International Film Festival (MIFF) since its inception in 1988 (when it was known as the Bombay International Film Festival (BIFF).

How a woman's next-door neighbor turned out to be her biological sister

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New neighbors in a small Wisconsin town started off as complete strangers. But after learning nothing more than a name, the two women ended up closer than …

Beautiful Victim Or Killer Wife? Mystery And Murder: Analysis by Dr. Phil

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Amber Hilberling talks with her grandmother in a police interrogation room. For more information: Subscribe …

Bird Watch Ireland Limerick

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Birdwatch Ireland Limerick Secretary Maura Turner speaks to the Limerick Post about the organisations role in Limerick as well as the events they hold to educate people on Limerick’s wildlife.

Video: Soham Ghosh

most people when they look into the river when they see that the cold seagulls there aren't really any seagulls there are actually varieties of calls mainly the black-headed gull among those get Mediterranean girls which are kind of not so much rare but are unusual and you get an Icelandic oh and it gets him the other Caspian girls so the main port Ireland that's faced in Wicklow little cocoon they're the largest charge for conservation body in the country and so their work will be just the preservation of wildlife of the habitats and to keep an eye on the biodiversity of all the areas and they run some preserves around the country they they sort of fund them and they've got different projects then on we say boards the like in danger like there was a turn Davison Island welcome to my the moment but it's just awful the coast of Dublin and they've set up kind of a group there during the nesting season and they've been ring these words then they'll monitor them and schoolchildren from the mainland from scurries area have made bird boxes for these and they're put on the island these returns have been there haven't been nesting here for a question of many number of years so they're back now that's mothership bite that they say will during the summer you know somebody worth two three months of this island and so that's the kind of work they do we try and keep an eye or mean we receive reports of him any breaches of that and we report to the council other national parks in my life because if this boring are cutting at the wrong time of the year especially with birds are nesting that's going to destroy you know the future of those kind of birds and people might say I was only one Bush sure whatever were recording but as you know that the whole of the whole of why does the world of food reduced by 60% do to me the climate change but somebody's just due to bad manage people now taking care of the magician in the wrong time support we look at the walls of the river or especially near Southfield bridge there's a lot of sound Martin's there they're like a swallow and they nest in those walls now if they're if they're maintained too much if say the councillor whoever's in charge of those fill those in geology might wall that that's coming a little bit decrepit if they're filled these nesting areas will be gone for the board so we make the council aware we do surface and we make the council aware of these areas that it operate the boards will nest so now um you talk this awareness that you don't do it out so that's a problem overcome but it's just that somebody's looking at these walls I said gosh those nests there make sure nothing happens that you know that they're not interfered with too much we actually run talks every month for about six months we go small grant from the County Council's do this and so it's really to make people aware of what's involved in nature and what is out there because as you know you said to go outside your front door every morning and you know what the copy boards around people don't even see them at the prett everything down to a rock or a crow so this this gentleman Jim he will be talking about the boards that around the countryside the background to it do we have a bit of music we will also be having someone eats after some in spice um whatever so if anybody likes to come along you more than welcome yes every every County almost has a branch like ourselves you know which is a voluntary group and we organize these outings so if people weren't too sure about something though they can Co along and the color and something they're gonna learn there's a lotta life there for everything they're they're looking to substantive space the way before it's moving so it's quite an interesting area there

Ancient Magnetism, New Planets, Quasars | S0 News Aug.1.2019

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Climate Scientist Jason Box: “Our Economic System Is Crashing With Reality”

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A heat wave is causing unprecedented melting of the Greenland ice sheet. Meanwhile, the World Meteorological Organization just declared July 2019 the hottest month ever recorded. We speak with Jason Box, professor and ice climatologist at the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, about the intensifying climate crisis. He says humanity must move toward living in balance with the environment. “If we don’t reduce greenhouse gas emissions and ultimately stabilize CO2 … there’s no real prospect for a stable society or even a governable society,” Box says. “Perpetual growth on a finite planet is, by definition, impossible.”


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this is democracy now the war and peace report I'm Amy Goodman as we bring you part two of our discussion of the climate crisis its effect on Greenland in the world the massive heat dome that shattered all time temperature records across much of Europe last week has settled in over Greenland driving temperatures across the vast region to as much as 30 degrees Fahrenheit above normal in July Greenland's ice sheet lost almost 200 billion tons of ice the equivalent of around 80 million Olympic swimming pools this comes as the World Meteorological Organization said Thursday that July was the warmest month in recorded human history that followed the hottest June on record as atmospheric carbon dioxide levels climbed to a record high of 415 parts per million earlier this year we're continuing our discussion in Copenhagen Denmark with Jason box professor and ice climatologist at the geologic survey of Denmark and Greenland Jason thanks so much for continuing with us explain why you have worked on Greenland for so long why Greenland is so significant in the world and for people who are watching this from the tip of Latin America to Asia to Africa why should we pay attention to Greenland what is so unique about it and what does the surge in temperature hot temperature mean I've been working studying Greenland starting with my studies in the u.s. at the University of Colorado working with some excellent people and for 15 years we worked on Greenland I then took a job in Copenhagen doing a lot of the same work we are running a monitoring system at the surface where we get hard numbers to check models and satellites and Greenland is is iconic because of its large size it's like three times the area of Texas it has a huge potential for sea-level rise until now larger smaller ice bodies in Arctic Canada Alaska and the Alps have actually been contributing more relative to their area than Greenland has now Greenland has taken the lead position for the last 20 years in its sea-level contribution so it's kind of stealing the show but meanwhile like just this month last month alpine glaciers in the Alps setting all-time loss records Arctic Canada Alaska so this is a global pattern it is the result of elevated natural greenhouse effect we've almost increased co2 by 50 percent above pre-industrial levels it's unequivocal that the observed climate warming is the direct result of this excess co2 in the atmosphere and so we shouldn't be surprised to see record warm temperatures records being set year after year going forward and it's actually intensifying I think it's no longer a subtle signal and so we you know the land ice it definitely tells a story and it reacts to to warming but much more immediate consequences come from the continents which are warming up twice as fast as the rest of the world and and that is a direct directly undermines the food systems and water security and what does Greenland look like in summer you have a seasonal snow cover that builds up this year is actually really thin snow cover winter snow and then that melts off exposing a really dark bear ice surface it kind of looks like concrete but it has a lot of water coursing over the surface a huge amount of water production at the surface over areas and that water then drains in actually heats the ice internally warmer ice is softer it flows faster the same water then lubricates the ice of the bed speeding it towards the sea the same water then ejects out into the marine and and actually drives more heat exchange with a warming ocean so there's lots of connections that we've established in looking at large ice bodies like Greenland and we see a lot of interconnection the story of course doesn't end when the icebergs break off Greenland or melt into the sea that extra fresh water is disrupting ocean circulation in the North Atlantic one of the key parts of the global ocean circulation system that is being disrupted heavily now it's probably going to increase storminess in the northwestern Europe we've seen some conspicuous examples of that this enhanced greenhouse effect is got putting a lot more moisture into the atmosphere so actually the Arctic is getting wetter the continents drier we have a profound shifts in the hydrologic system globally and they're really starting to be not so subtle anymore and and we're gonna see this year after year as various records are said not just dry and hot but sometimes wet and even cold because the extremes are increasing as our jet stream gets a lot less steady it's normally the jet stream should go flowing more east-west but now we have these big dips in the jet stream and that that's how you can get really warm air to the north really cold air to the south and then along those boundaries sometimes severe weather storms and that's going to make it really hard for farming to predict how to you know for irrigation farmers used to be able to depend on on weather being a certain way and knowing when to plant and harvest and that reliability and climate is is we're starting to lose that can you talk about the major report that you did about the Arctic that you helped write an April concluding the Arctic biophysical system is now clearly trending away from its 20th century state and into an unprecedented state with implications not only within but beyond the Arctic explained I was part of a study where we looked across multiple disciplines and we kind of zoomed out because we tend to you know focus on our favorite region but this was a pan Arctic study also interdisciplinary we were looking at the bio biological system at the surface the the ocean system and when you zoom out you you actually start to see more of the connections and how profoundly the Arctic system is changing the Arctic is warming it twice the rate of the rest of the world because of a number of feedback processes like the removal of a reflective cover of snow or sea ice leading to the large increase in the absorption of sunlight the increase in rainfall and precipitation actually leading to more plant growth the so called a shrub af– ocation of the Arctic increasing lightning ignition is now clearly linked with the increasing temperature and precipitation there's more lightning that provides the trigger mechanism for the the increasing wildfires that we're seeing this interconnected system because it's warming so fast it makes the signal that much easier to see then this study looked forward into the future and and there's no real prospect under the most likely climate scenarios either business-as-usual or some kind of Paris climate agreement type scenario we we we see even in the the Paris climate scenario a permanently transformed biophysical system of the Arctic with with effects that radiate outside of the Arctic like sea level rise like the disruption of weather patterns that that is now being already felt in the mid-latitudes so the the Arctic plays an important role in hemispheric climate and the signal is very clear a new study finds even modest shifts and government subsidies away from so fuels and toward renewables could lead to a dramatic drop in greenhouse gas emissions the International Institute for sustainable development says governments spend some three hundred seventy two billion dollars each year subsidizing coal oil and gas if as little as 10 percent of that money was invested in wind solar and other renewables countries could see a nearly 20% drop in carbon dioxide pollution Jason box can you explain the significance of this many people may not understand for example in the United States and that's where you train were educated that we continue to subsidize the coal the oil the gas industry in this country gasoline is so affordable in the u.s. because it's heavily subsidized and that enables the US economy to to rev up like it does and and it's it's not surprising that they're proponents who who want to continue subsidizing petroleum to keep the existing economic system running however the externalities of that economic system are producing radical environmental impacts like climate change it to a point that we can't really ignore them anymore it's good news that studies are showing that that by reducing carbon emissions and putting investments into lower carbon energy systems that that we can we can achieve the needed reductions in in greenhouse gas emissions if we don't reduce greenhouse gas emissions and ultimately stabilize co2 and we also have to draw down a lot of carbon out of the atmosphere if we don't achieve that there's no real prospect for a stable society or even a governor bowl society going forward on on a perpetual growth on a finite planet is by definition impossible so we have to confront the reality that we need an economic system that recognizes the important services that that that the atmosphere provides to us for free and and so where our economic system is is is crashing with reality and so reports that are detailing the the sustainability prospects of shifting investments into cleaner energy are not only welcome there they're necessary if we want a stable global society finally the significance of President Trump being a climate change denier what this means with the United States the historically greatest greenhouse gas emitter how this affects the rest of your world as an American you are now looking at the u.s. through a vantage point outside of the United States how this kind of climate change denial affects policy in the world the effect recently with the European elections has been the so-called Green Wave there's been a progressive I think it might be a reaction to the publicity that the climate change has been getting and and so we see a more rational more kind of humanitarian approach to environment and climate emerging in Europe because the facts are very clear and and there's there's less of there's less denial of this of science and and and the environmental crisis that we face in Europe for one I think a lot of the world that like here in Denmark there watching the u.s. very carefully but but not really falling into the the the lies that are being spread by the the Trump administration which clearly want to maintain a status quo because it's extremely profitable for a lot of people that that are supporting they just to perpetuate and I think to be able to exploit petroleum while while they still can I think those days are numbered uh hopefully you know the truth prevails and the world realizes that we need to not only leave fossil fuels in the ground we need to protect existing forests and re-establish forests in in some attempt to stabilize and the this increase in atmospheric carbon that threatens global society Jason box wanna thank you so much for being with us professor a nice climatologist at the geologic survey of Denmark and Greenland speaking to us from Copenhagen to see part one of our discussion go to Democracy Now org I'm Amy Goodman thanks so much for joining us

Annadata: The scientific method to cultivate pigeon pea

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ETV in its farming related show Annadata focuses on scientific methods to cultivate pigeon pea in this episode.

Science in a Golden Age – Astronomy: The Science of the Stars

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Science in a Golden Age – Astronomy: The Science of the Stars Imagine trying to make sense of the universe before telescopes were even invented.

Are You Ready To Science?! – This Week in Science Podcast (TWIS) – Episode 732

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Are You Ready To Science?! – Episode 732 of the This Week in Science news Podcast (TWIS) with hosts Dr. Kiki, Blair Bazdarich and Justin Jackson discusses …

Historical peace deal brings an end to continuous conflict in Kerio Valley

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Communities living in Kerio Valley have signed a historical peace deal, effectively bringing an end to perennial deadly conflicts among them. The ceremony, presided over by Deputy President William Ruto on Wednesday, brought together communities from Elgeyo-Marakwet, West Pokot and Baringo Counties. Dr Ruto appealed to residents in the three counties to embrace peace, and give the Government a chance to turn around the region.
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banditry activities catcher rustling in perennial conflict characterizes the day-to-day activities among communities living in Korea Valley but this might be a thing of the past if the historical peace deal signed Wednesday by warring communities in the region is anything to go by the peace deal that brought together communities from LG Amaru quad was Pokot in barangay counties and was presided over by deputy president William Ruto he's expected to bring an end to deadly conflicts among them dr. root is saying the newly found stability would enable the government to focus on education healthcare infrastructure and commerce during the he asked residents in the region to condemn cattle rustling explaining that those who glorify the criminal act when misleading the community leaders who spoke at communities living in the the peace deal was interred chesa Golan was Pocatello Morocco at border where the deputy president also opened the local market that has been closed for more than seven years due to insecurity

How BTS Became A Major Moneymaker For South Korea

Meet BTS, a seven-member South Korean boy band from Seoul. The band has sold millions of albums and is one of the most-watched artists on YouTube. Not to mention their stadium shows around the globe have quickly sold out. Should BTS maintain their popularity, they could generate $37 billion in economic value for South Korea over the next 10 years.

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How BTS Became A Major Moneymaker For South Korea

In 1964 an English boy band called The Beatles made its television debut and changed the face of the music industry forever. More than 50 years later another foreign import is doing it again. Meet BTS a seven member South Korean boy band from Seoul. The band has sold millions of albums and is one of the most watched artists on YouTube. Not to mention their stadium shows around the globe have quickly sold out. It's estimated that BTS is worth about 3.6 billion dollars per year to the economy of South Korea and more than 1 billion dollars in consumer exports. The idols as South Koreans call its megastars were the reason that 1 in every 13 foreign tourists visited the country in 2017. BTS even partnered with visit Seoul on a tourism campaign. which were featured in videos for the campaign have become hot spots for tourists. Should beaches maintain their popularity they could generate 37 billion dollars in economic value for South Korea over the next 10 years. So how did BTS break the mold in South Korea and jump to the top of the charts in the U.S.. BTS wasn't an overnight sensation debuting in 2013 the K-pop group took its name from a Korean expression "Bangtan Sonyeondan" which translates to "Bullet Proof Boy Scouts." Although the acronym has since morphed to stand for beyond the scene a nod to how connected the band is to its loyal fans known as "Army.". So what is K-pop anyway. K-pop is short for Korean pop or Korean popular music. It's a music genre that blends together electronic, hip-hop, pop, rock, R&B, and even rap. The genre can be traced back to the early 90s but rose to popularity in the 2000s. It has since grown into a 5 billion dollar global industry. Typically K-pop groups have gained a foothold in South Korea and throughout Asia before trying to expand to a global audience. But when they did travel abroad these trips were actually detrimental to many of their careers because it ripped them out of the spotlight in their home country. So previous generations of K-pop idols Korea very much depended on TV as a platform whereas BTS used social media to really kind of make themselves available and visible and that can be done anywhere in the world. But BTS did things a little differently. The boys of BTS were signed to South Korean entertainment company Big Hit Entertainment who had conducted the auditions that brought them together. The group spent several years refining their dance moves and sound before debuting in 2013. Two band members Jimin and V hailed from the Korean Arts High School in Seoul a private educational institution that has many K-pop idols as alumni. The school closed in February 2019 however as it was unable to keep up with new and strict laws and decided to stop taking students. Other performing arts high schools sometimes called K-pop schools remain. Here young South Korean students practice their dance moves and polish their vocal skills. The boys hail from cities and towns from all over South Korea and were brought together through a series of auditions in 2010 and 2011. Big Hit Entertainment was on the brink of bankruptcy in 2007. However it wasn't until BTS's launched that Big Hits' financials really turned around. By 2018 the company's profit soared 97 percent from the year prior hauling in around 57 million dollars. Revenue rose 132 percent from 2017 to 2018 and the company's net income rose 105 percent year over year. Much of this growth was due to how Big Hit first marketed betas to the public. Yes kind of circumvented traditional model of the viewing on TV music shows and gaining visibility and rather they took a route of reaching out to global fandom through social media directly. So it is a band that gained fame and popularity overseas even before they became superstars in Korea itself. The band was given full control of their social media presence and we're encouraged to live blog their practices and daily lives. Social media has been playing a tremendous role not only into Korean Wave but also in exchange and propagation of culture. In fact Korean Wave including K-pop, K-beauty, K-food, movies, and games is a worldwide trend now because of the social media and a U.S. market is no exception. In recent years the millennials have spent enormous time on social media and a massive cultural content has been consumed especially the expansion of Korean Wave on YouTube is the most powerful driving force. Notably, none of the band members have their own individual accounts on social media. There's just one band account meaning the group's fan following is concentrated on one account per platform. On Twitter the band has more than 20 million followers on Instagram more than 19 million. And YouTube has just over 20 million as of July 2019. This massive fan base isn't concentrated in one country or region; it's global. And that has been a major factor in BTS's success. Their record label even gave the boys latitude to create their own solo music. BTS first arrived in America in 2014, to be part of a South Korean reality TV show called "BTS American Hustle Life" which aired on a South Korean network. The show centered around the band living in L.A. while learning more about Western culture and rap music from industry veterans Warren G and Coolio. Later that year BTS became the youngest artist to play L.A. K-con on an annual festival that features the biggest K-pop superstars. This performance garnered the group a lot of attention. In 2017, BTS received its first billboard music awards for top social artist. Nominees are artists that fans engage with the most on social media. The first one at the Billboard Music Awards in 2017 was a total shock to the majority of U.S. media because BTS captured the top social artist overtaking superstars such as Justin Bieber and Selena Gomez. The Beatles were from Liverpool not from a rich background. BTS is very similar. Their daily lives it would be in the delivery room with friends every day. They show that their lives are not much different from ours. They are the same as us, they are real. Otherwise they would never be able to gain this level of popularity. The band also gained notoriety for their show stopping choreography and highly stylized music videos. In May 2019, at MetLife Stadium in New Jersey nearly 100,000 people showed up to watch the band perform shelling out between 55 and 250 dollars per ticket. Sales from the two shows reach more than 14 million dollars. Earlier that month in Chicago attendance was around 88,000 at Soldier Field over the two performances. The band hauled in 13.3 million dollars in ticket sales. For comparison, Taylor Swift also played at Soldier Field earning 14.5 million dollars for two performances in front of one hundred and 5000 fans each night. Swift also played at MetLife Stadium, earning 22 dollars for three performances playing to crowds of over 165,000 thousand. In 2018, BTS has earned its first platinum certification for its song "mic drop" and its first gold album for "Love Yourself: Answer." Answer debuted number one on the Billboard 200 chart and was recognized as the best selling album ever on South Korea's Goan Chart. There are so sung not about love or broken hearts. It's about identity, confidence, and loving oneself. It is socially conscious message that's why we pull their music the music of this generation. This messaging is especially important as the K-pop industry has become mired in scandal in recent years. In early 2019 a number of prominent K-pop idols were named as being part of an online group that shared sexually explicit videos of women filmed without their knowledge or consent. Many K-pop fans in Korea are discontent with labelling bikinis as K-pop acts because they think BTS is more than K-pop and beyond K-pop. Particularly at this moment when K-pop world in general is mired in very severe scandal involving sex trade, rape allegations, and illegal drug sales and what not. BTS has partnered with UNICEF to stage campaigns against violence towards children and teens around the world. Last November, BTS launched the Love Myself campaign with UNICEF building on our belief that true love first begins with loving myself. We've been partnering with UNICEF's End Violence program to protect children and young people all over the world from violence. And our fans have become a major part of this campaign. With their action and with their enthusiasm. We truly have the best fans in the world. In 2019 BTS continue to break records. The group was the first K-pop band ever to perform on Saturday Night Live. The band's most recent album "Map of the Soul: Persona" had more than 3 million preorders internationally and upon release went to number one on iTunes album charts in 89 different countries. Unlike other K-pop stars who mainly target Southeast Asia or Chinese fans, BTS has targeted the U.S. market directly. The boy band has collaborated with a number of music heavyweights that are popular in America. Including Nicki Minaj, Ed Sheeran, and Halsey and BTS isn't just taking the music industry by storm. Toys, apparel, and cosmetic companies are all benefiting from the band's global fame. BTS has partnered with Converse, Coca-Cola, Puma, and Hyundai in the form of clothing lines and advertisements. Not to mention BTS has collaborated with Funko on a set of seven Funko Pops. All the social media engagement we've had with any property this year, BTS is number one and that's ahead of Game of Thrones ahead of Avengers: Endgame. So that's a surprise to us and it's a it's a huge win and we got a little bit of how powerful the BTS brand could be at New York Toy Fair when we start to see that was our number one instagrammed, tweeted, facebooked item for that for that for the show. So we're seeing diversity across who and what the K-pop fans are and I think that's one of the reasons why the products are resonating at different retailers. I mean you can't get any more diverse from Barnes and Noble to Hot Topic to Amazon. Three very diverse retailers in all three are doing exceedingly well with the BTS brand It's clear however that BTS isn't just a passing fad. The Love Yourself, Speak Yourself tour has reportedly made more than 100 million dollars in ticket sales averaging about 4.5 million dollars per show. The group has been prolific about releasing new music. Since 2014, BTS has released six studio albums and six EPs. For comparison, the Beatles released 12 studio albums and 13 EPs between 1962 and 1970. Not to mention Beatles is the first band since The Beatles to have three albums hit the number one spot in America in less than a year.

New documentary explores world’s first movie maker

Thomas Edison and the Lumiere Brothers have been hailed the pioneers of film and cinema, but what if they weren’t actually the first to capture moving images? What if an unknown Frenchman working in England actually beat them to it? Jonathan Vigliotti tells us the little known story of Louis Le Prince, a filmmaker and inventor, whose mysterious disappearance in Paris meant the world never got to see his vision for the future.

Govt launches initiative to resolve human-wildlife conflict around Amboseli

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The government in partnership with the International Funds for Animal Welfare has launched an initiative that seeks to resolve the perennial problem of human-wildlife conflict around Amboseli National park. The partnership has seen the establishment of Kitenden Conservancy with members of the local community integrated into its management.
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in the vast Abu Saline National Park popularly known as the home of the elephants wild animals roam freely with a community and their livestock coexisting with remarkable harmony the international finds for animal welfare which works with over 40 countries in the world to conserve wild animals now partnering with the government and the community around the park to address emerging issues well in the recent past conservationists have had to face lots of hurdles in terms of human encroachment and human wildlife conflict well these are some of the ways in which they've had to overcome some of these challenges we've worked with the Maasai community to set up the contending corridor and what is that when I say a corridor I mean that it's a space that animals use to go from one place to another the development coming amid a raging debate of a possible lifting of abundant wildlife trophies in parts of Africa it's always contentious it's always a difficult discussion to have outside ease and everywhere else here's my fundamental message about this in that the elephants are already dead they're already dead so why do we talk about ivory we should talk about elephants we know we have challenges with population but we restricting ourselves because we want these animals to have room as well to roam around the establishment of Chittenden Conservancy has seen the neighbouring Marseille community actively participate in the conservation of wildlife and coexist perfectly with wild animals well you can visit the Amboseli National Park and have first-hand experience of the wildlife beauty for Channel One News I'm Serafina Roby

The Trumps host the White House Historical Association Dinner

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President Trump and First Lady Melania Trump host the White House Historical Association Dinner. Trump delivers brief remarks. #FoxNews

FOX News operates the FOX News Channel (FNC), FOX Business Network (FBN), FOX News Radio, FOX News Headlines 24/7, and the direct-to-consumer streaming service, FOX Nation. FOX News also produces FOX News Sunday on FOX Broadcasting Company and FOX News Edge. A top five-cable network, FNC has been the most watched news channel in the country for 17 consecutive years. According to a 2018 Research Intelligencer study by Brand Keys, FOX News ranks as the second most trusted television brand in the country. Additionally, a Suffolk University/USA Today survey states Fox News is the most trusted source for television news or commentary in the country, while a 2017 Gallup/Knight Foundation survey found that among Americans who could name an objective news source, FOX News is the top-cited outlet. FNC is available in nearly 90 million homes and dominates the cable news landscape while routinely notching the top ten programs in the genre.

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Scientists Discover a Way to Turn Light Into Matter

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In 1905, the famous physicist Albert Einstein theorized that light was actually a particle, which helped explain the photoelectric effect. Now, scientists at the Imperial College London in England are working to develop a photon-photon collider that might be able to turn light into matter, which is a process that also takes place during the largest explosions in the universe called gamma-ray bursts.

In 1905, the famous physicist Albert Einstein theorized that light was actually a particle, which helped explain the photoelectric effect.

Now, scientists at the Imperial College London in England are working to develop a photon-photon collider that might be able to turn light into matter, which is a process that also takes place during the largest explosions in the universe called gamma-ray bursts.

The idea is based on a theory from 1934, which claimed that when two photons, or light particles, smash together, it would create matter in the form of an electron and a positron.

Professor Steven Rose from the Department of Physics at the Imperial College London is quoted as saying: “What was so surprising to us was the discovery of how we can create matter directly from light using the technology that we have today in the UK. As we are theorists, we are now talking to others who can use our ideas to undertake this landmark experiment.”

There are reportedly at least three facilities that have the necessary technological equipment to make the process work, and the researchers from Imperial College London expect to start conducting their experiment in about a year.

in 1905 the famous physicist Albert Einstein theorized that light was actually a particle which helped explain the photoelectric effect now scientists at the Imperial College London in England are working to develop a photon photon collider that might be able to turn light into matter which is a process that also takes place during the largest explosions in the universe called gamma-ray bursts the idea is based on the theory from 1934 which claimed that when two photons or light particles smashed together it would create matter in the form of an electron and a positron professor Stephen rose from the Department of Physics of the Imperial College London is quoted as saying what was so surprising to us was the discovery of how we can create matter directly from light using the technology that we have today in the UK as we are theorists we are now talking to others who can use our ideas to undertake this landmark experiment there are reportedly at least three facilities that have the necessary technological equipment to make the process work and the researchers from Imperial College London expect to start conducting their experiment in about a year

Know scientific method of ginger cultivation

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In this segment of Etv’s show Annadata, watch scientific method of ginger cultivation.

Today in History for August 1st

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Highlights of this day in history: A shooting rampage takes place at the University of Texas clock tower; Germany declares war on Russia in World War I; Adolf …

Sex & Crypto | Cointelegraph Documentary

Censorship resistant, pseudo-anonymous, untraceable. These are the main characteristics that make cryptocurrency an enticing payment method for purchasing adult content. Pornsites, webcam platforms and online sex shops often struggle with traditional payment systems because of the high-risk industry in which these businesses operate. By leveraging the power of blockchain, a number of crypto startups have been emerging and are aiming to revolutionize the way people purchase and consume adult content.

Ginger is the first global market place with crypto payments for the paid sex industry. Check out Ginger:

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Warning: This film contains explicit content and scenes of sexuality. View discretion is advised.

Cointelegraph covers everything Bitcoin, bringing you the latest news, prices, breakthroughs, and analysis, with emphasis on expert opinion and commentary from the digital currency community.

Any kinky habit you wouldn't like your bank
to know about? Tired of the big transaction fees on your
favorite adult web sites? Or maybe you are struggling in setting up
your online sex toys shop because of payments service restrictions. Well, crypto currencies can help you out. Anonymous, decentralized, untraceable. These are the features making crypto a natural
match for the adult entertainment industry. The adult industry has been always playing
a pioneer role in the adoption of new technology from the VHS boom in the 80s VHS to the advent
of virtual reality. And now its blockchain turn. Whether we are talking about porn sites, Web
cam sites, escorting sites or adult online shops, all these businesses have been sharing
a complicated relation with financial institutions. Traditional payment services like Visa and
MasterCard consider the adult industry a high risk environment
because of the legal gray zone, which it often operates and the high amount of disputed transactions
happening on adult Web sites. That is why adult sites are charged with high
transaction fees ranging from 5 percent to 15 percent to process payments and at times
they are outright denied these services. Visa or MasterCard treats us as a very risky
industry, in part because somebody will buy something and then decide that they don't
want it on their credit card or they didn't really want to pay for it. They buy it in the moment and then they regret
it and they say, I don't want to pay for this. Or they see a statement on their bill that
says, you know, some company that they don't understand because it's a billing company. And so they do what are called chargebacks. And those chargebacks raise the fee for everybody. And so the fees are substantially higher with
adult content than they are with something like, you know, Amazon or a grocery store
or something like that. Consumers of adult content can also benefit
from the pseudo anonymity of crypto, which allows them to make purchases while avoiding
potentially awkward bank statements. What crypto allows is that the transaction
does not go through the bank. It's a direct transaction. You cannot reverse it. And so you don't have to deal with the fees
that are passed on by the billing companies and the credit card processors. You can do a direct transaction and you can
lower the fee for everybody. People who use crypto tend to spend a lot
more. So, you know, the average buy for somebody
who is using crypto to pay for something like a you know, a private chat with a cam model
on Xhamster Live is going to spend between 150 and 200 dollars. This is significantly more than what they
might spend if they were using a credit card. Having noticed the synergy of crypto and adult
entertainment, a number of crypto projects started developing at the intersection of
the two industries. Reuben Coppa is the CEO of Intimate, a blockchain
startup which aims to disrupt the adult entertainment industry. He believes that by denying their services
to adult entertainment businesses, financial institutions are illegitimately imposing their
moral standards on customers and merchants. And a lot of that's just institutional bias. It's down to sometimes what they call morality
clauses in the banks or in the card schemes. We've met with a lot of venture capital firms,
angel investors, crypto funds, and eventually most of them just have a mandate that sorry,
we can't touch a bunch of things. Often gambling, often adults, they just have
their mandate within their fund of what they can and can't do, which is largely driven
by more traditional investors. Who are banks to be the moral arbiters of
what we can and can't do. Intimate is, first and foremost, a crypto
payment gateway designed for adult industry businesses. It offers both merchants and consumers a cheaper
alternative to traditional credit card payments. The platform supports its native coin, plus
a number of other popular crypto currencies. Several adult Web sites have already partnered
with Intimate. Among them, Smile Makers is a retail company
selling sex toys and lubricants whose mission is normalizing the perception of female sexuality
by bringing it fully into the open. That is why Smile Makers items cannot be found
in sex shops, but only in health and beauty stores. We want to make buying a vibrator as normal
as buying a toothbrush or buying a tampon. It should be very commonplace and also just
a normal necessity. Even though our mission is to be very open
and very public about talking about sexual health, we are aware there are people who
are still very private about that and would feel shy about buying a vibrator in a drugstore
or a department store. And so that's why we wanted to be respective
of people's privacy and allow there to be crypto payments on our Web site. There are these women who really believe in
sexual empowerment, but also financial independence. And that's why they're using crypto to buy
a vibrator. And many of them are buying a vibrator as
the first time on their first crypto purchase. Even regular sex workers have embraced crypto,
given its potential to lessen their dependency from banks, which often freeze and block their
accounts without warning. A solution to these problems is provided by
Gingr, a Switzerland-based blockchain platform that provides an end-to-end booking service
for sex workers. The platform aims to build an ecosystem in
which sex workers and their customers can interact in a secure and confidential way
while bypassing middlemen. In the past, I run into many issues to find
and book a woman of my choice for a paid date. Issues which can be easily avoid with today's
technology. Besides, the clients experience is mostly
moderate. Also, the service providers face many problems
in the sector. This was the point when I created the concept
for the insta fuck feature. A feature where you simply open an app on
your smartphone and book your favorite person with only a few clicks. All of this in a secure and verified environment. For me, that was a revolutionizing idea to
follow up on. I was instantly hyped of the potential of
the market. Still, I'm fully convinced to provide a fair
and transparent solution for service providers in the prostitution industry. With the introduction of blockchain technology
the launch of our own payment currency, GGC and the business development in the past years,
we finally have reached matureness to achieve impact. The official currency of the Gingr ecosystem,
GG Coin, will be used to close the remaining gaps in the business model and provide an
alternative solution for payments all around the globe. The nature of the market is inviting to issue
a cryptocurrency to be able to offer worldwide payments without being dependent to mostly
conservative banks and institutions. Besides this, we can make use of technical
features as smart contracts for escrow, transparent distribution of commission, earnings and refunds. But I guess most important for the clients
is that there is no invoice for bookings. Also, our user base is verified. The client acts anonymously with the application
without being tracked in the real world. Buying and selling sex online became particularly
difficult in the US when last March, the anti-sex trafficking FOSTA – SESTA bill package came
into force. Since then, adult internet services became
liable for the content that users post on their sites and therefore are easy targets
for lawsuits for promoting online sex trafficking. Many in the adult industry claimed that the
FOSTA-SESTA was in fact an attack on free speech. As a consequence of the new legislation, the
ad Web site, also known as the world's biggest online brothel, was shut down
by the FBI. There was a big struggle after FOSTA and SESTA
bills were passed here in the US. The industry changed. We're no longer allowed to use Skype. The terms of service have changed on that. A lot of the payment apps were also not allowed
to use, and that was the biggest problem. Shortly after the new regulation came into
force, River Sunshine started performing on SpankChain, an Ethereum-based payment platform
allowing cam performers to bypass middlemen when receiving payments, thus increasing revenues
and control over their savings. And then I actually it changed my life completely. The site keeps only 5 percent, which that's
a major thing for us performers. All the other sites take at least 50 percent. I'm still fairly new. There's still things that I'm not completely
familiar with. After raising six million dollars in an ICO
in 2017, SpankChain recently launched a native dollar-pegged stable coin called Booty, which
can be used to tip performers on the SpankChain camsite. Performers on the site claim to earn much
more in SpankChain than on traditional cam sites. In the first six months since the launch of
the platform, 31 performers allegedly received over seventy thousand dollars in tips. The average person probably tips 10 to 20
Booty which would be 10 to 20 dollars equivalent in fiat. I've noticed the traffic fluctuates as the
price of crypto changes as well too. When it drops, there's less traffic, but when
it goes up, there's way more traffic. I am still making more through crypto than
I am on the other sites and I don't use them as much anymore. Given the small fees charged to the performers,
SpankChain plans to sustain itself in the long term by selling its crypto payment system
to other adult sites. Ameen Soleimani, CEO at SpankChain envisions
a future when individual performers will adopt Booty as a payment system on their personal
cam sites. When all of the performers have an Ethereum
address or a Bitcoin address listed on their Twitter profile that links to an account that
they control, then people will be able to pay them without any middlemen and intermediary. And that's what everybody is going to start
competing against. I think it's going to be a grassroots sort
of bottom up movement. A major breakthrough seemed to happen last
year when the world's most popular porn Web site, PornHub, started accepting crypto payment
with Verge, an anonymity-focused token. Back then, Litecoin CEO Charlie Lee welcomed
the opening of the porn industry to crypto and a number of other porn sites have been
following PornHub's examples since then. The future has finally come. However, crypto currencies are still far from
reaching mass adoption in the adult industry. As of 2018, only 470 adult websites, 50 webcam
platforms and 35 sex shops all around the world accept crypto, which is a tiny figure
compared to the multi-billion dollar size of the industry. Consumers are apathetic and lazy in general. And if I can tap my credit card to pay in
most of the world, then I don't really want to go through the somewhat difficult process
of acquiring crypto understanding, managing my own keys, understanding confirmation times. There's this whole educational barrier where
we have to like learn what this is, get an exchange account. There's a lot of stuff to figure out. And then eventually you're like, oh, you know
what? I don't want to get paid in something that
fluctuates. What you see in adult is that we will get
it to a certain level and then you'll see other mainstream companies start adding it
as well. And then it will explode for all of us. It was very scary at first. Crypto, big bad crypto seems like, oh, I don't
know about this. So it's a maze. And once you go through that maze once or
twice, you know how to do it. It's really not that scary. The adult industry proved itself to be an
excellent training ground for crypto, even though the high volatility affecting digital
currencies and the lack of knowledge of blockchain technology is still preventing it to reach
mass scale adoption. However, crypto adoption is a slow but steady
process and it seems just a matter of time until it will spark a revolution in the adult

Hong Kong protests: China condemns 'horrendous incidents' – BBC News

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China has condemned the recent anti-government protests in Hong Kong as “horrendous incidents” that have caused “serious damage to the rule of law”.
“We hope that… people will stand firm in defence of the rule of law,” a spokesman for the government’s Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office said.
Hong Kong has seen eight consecutive weekends of anti-government and pro-democracy protests.
There were violent clashes over the weekend between police and protesters.
In a rare statement the spokesman condemned “the evil and criminal acts committed by the radical elements” in Hong Kong.
“We call on the general public of Hong Kong to be aware of the grave nature of the current situation,” he said.

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The New Germans – Featured Documentary

Nearly one million ethnic Arabs fleeing war and violence back home have come to Germany since 2015.

This film follows one of them, newspaper editor and Syrian asylum seeker Ramy Alasheq, as he looks into historical patterns of Arab immigration and how the latest arrivals are being received in their new country.

For Ramy and many others, life has not been the same since young men said to be Arab were accused of robbing and attacking German women on New Year’s Eve 2015 in his new hometown, Cologne. It is a city that Ramy has come to love. But while he and fellow immigrants initially received a warm reception, there are now widespread calls to halt the entry of Arab refugees into Germany.

For hundreds of years, Germany has been a magnet for migrants and refugees from all over the world. But its specific focus on encouraging migration from countries in the Middle East like Egypt, Syria, Iraq and to a lesser extent Jordan, Palestine and North Africa, is not often discussed.

Through the human stories of second and third-generation migrants, as well as incoming new refugees, this film paints a picture of how the experience of Arab immigrants in Germany has changed over the decades.

We ask what it means to be a foreigner in Germany, and at the same time come to understand Germany itself and the reasoning behind its immigration policies. We also hear from German analysts and decision-makers about Germany’s dependency on migrant communities to re-populate its dwindling towns and keep its economy strong.

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[Applause] my name is Roman Hashem I'm a newspaper editor and Syrian asylum seeker in Germany I arrived in this country in 2014 a new asylum law dictated that I should live in Cologne and that evil German city that I've come to love I'm one of million million ethnic Arabs who have come to Germany since 2015 fleeing war and violence back home initially we received a warm reception by the Germans but what happened here in this Square on New Year's Eve 2015 when young men said to be Arab were accused of robbing an attacking German women brought that welcome to an end German police encountered distraught women and girls or reported fights thefts and sexual assaults against women by groups of male immigrants life here has not been the same since that night there are widespread calls to halt the entry of Arab refugees and the party of Chancellor Angela Merkel who championed the cause of refugees is losing votes in the polls how do we stay here and how do we survive learning German is my first essential task Arabs began coming to Germany in the late 1950s they were nearly half a million Arabs already here when the most recent influx began why did they come here were they welcomed how did they survive what has become of them I'm preoccupied with understanding the historical relationship between Arabs and Germany Klaus leg away is a professor of cultural studies an advisor to the German government on Islamic Affairs the it seemed to rubbish in Veracruz Leonardo Hansen at fermentation of monoi cream bed doc Chandra I'm busy this land owner polishes over annotate and I've done for Zucco telepathy also conniption after his defeat in World War two Germany was occupied by foreign powers something many Arab countries have experienced throughout history i stands old as man fazool taught in suppose under oath in eruption red academia Batum suit if NASA and the world and I'd neighbor also politically bundesrepublik he kind of each their house impolitic may encounter in sofa invaders an unconditional a little bit zoom disk again macho named Kaiser I on the ends of and spirits and ghosts of our latest and the Chaka Demus all such teens of the woods in a rubbish invade their comrades esters found in Byzantine loyal to the air technician faker studio tom was allotted in ginger olive wood scam Finity endowment hurts the Teddy SH warden in 1960 the German academic exchange service opened its second Foreign Office of the post-war era in Cairo Egypt using the promise of free higher education Germany specifically courted Arab students for its universities with the aim of supplementing its ranks of white-collar workers and professionals who had been decimated in the war I met Hakam Abdullah died shortly after I arrived here he lives in the suburbs of Cologne and the scene as a mentor to young arab journalists in the country he came here to study economics in 1958 imaginal Manya couldn't see any uses for Italian food the country Arabic tea firm money could not see any removal of Mannix Otis a nice a very bhaji can see any talent Fallon we toured a lot of emotion y'know we cannot have my and he can see methylene mo him Manisha la Ora be in Vienna and more Judy so on a date Philistine al Qaeda al arab the Serrano chili chicken ashabi actor oh I'm not a sewer HIV examine changed any Arab Adam oh I didn't tell mr. Armani penis vagina I was using I said the Jamaat the animal might be rebel LF October Arab how they will have door but now there are a lot more of us here and most of the newcomers are not as well educated as those of hakam's generation animabus Tibet had done no moonkin interfere the war film Stockman is a sir Phil Salaam be Surya until devoted a story in Madrid in more hostile manda mammal said a numeral of leather baseman nahi okra finish Kilmainham Oh Judy aleem skillet a demography turn to cancer and mania equina Sunstein man mad and the food lotta business per element well II there could be behind in a Missouri where I can I shall be named the halloumi hakuna Muslim in methanol hello make uno or Oh be in a hurry at the turn of the twentieth century Germany was in colonial competition with France in England as a result it created alliances with countries wishing to end French or British colonial rule in 1905 the German Kaiser threw his support behind Morocco's bid for independence and to underscore that position the Kaiser made a state visit to Morocco that year Germany lost 8 million citizens to world war ii and faced the postwar years with a severe manpower shortage to rebuild Germany needed many and it negotiated guest worker agreements with countries across southern Europe and by the mid-1960s Morocco and Tunisia shift aha Sabri a German of Tunisian descent had been a spiritual guide to many Arabs who came from North Africa since the 1960s Hypatia led to this cluster mph in Mehsana random myth Larry Omaha mata aeru buna la ley Lanois najara near Laguna eleemosynary lol Ahmir : ae Mahara ahora esto el son Kanoa Coffea or our CSA or investor sarah j NF kappa-b Sabrina hasatan hemella Abner ah who ll ballad in Asli Ouattara community ed Russell from yattaman body delica bad Mahalo so Muhammad al-amin baccalaureus Balmoral Arabic where I can when I can inspire a battle Abner we have a billiard when Wahid oh and a black ribbon later the Sunnah Lafayette mutliple l'homme calfy al hurriya sunken Havana horribly organism young woman rocket body escalate valve viable still above it Arab alpha coffee Venezuela Delic Angela the inertia fee be a teleseminar kvie Bonilla Tatia moon cannon – Harvey Dada hell hell yeah you gotta bite davontea Louetta was Morocco Tunisia an option dessert chef he wasn't as outlandish about Nima but sighs Nate gasps Alberta besides was in tantrum state but as the classical village got this one under class on shoddy garbage to literate ate meat in Hoffman not 50 indie director Jeff to integration in then zip tae-yong artist is it nice yet we happen in Deutschland niched Mia Outlander about NEMA sewn onto inaudible the issue of large-scale immigration to Germany has become a national discussion even in the country's vast museums welcome the Dodgers distortion deal we're here now at the exhibition multicultural Germany a country of emigration we have in Germany a very emotional discussion about immigration since the beginning Germany was a country of immigration and here we want to show the immigrations from the 50s up to now you see a little bit how people were coming how they were received and what was the view of the from the German side as well on these guest workers we're coming already in the 60s Germany had the same tea cream and agreements with with Morocco and Tunisia like with Turkey so there came already as well Moroccan and from Tunisia as well but basically for Morocco guest workers it passed a little bit unnoticed the Arabic McCray nation impossible yeah I was somehow invisible but it's interesting for me also to see how people try here and the immigrant try to involve themselves in their political movement somehow to ask for that and that is what we wanted to show here as well that the migrants weren't here like then it's not something that you only can talk about but they have voiced – yeah so we show on this side we show we have here in opposition and that is one the voice of the my friends and here as well the voice of the discussion in the German society with all the fears and Prejudice and already in the 80s the ship is fool will and here we have a I found that fascinating a caricature that shows the Kerner dome the Cathedral in Cologne surrounded by minarets so representing the fear of a completely overwhelming Islamic movement in Germany and that is from 1986 despite Islamophobia dating back decades the overall attitude towards foreigners in Germany is still inclusive in dem mass in them yet still fledgling a must have Shinzon on his for fella here omens album in the West he gave him had this HTML gesture kept the Edition and a ghost would again that Viet in Corrigan on the good maryska the often amiable HIV dogs with zishe tag profits here in 2015 frank-walter Steinmeier Germany's foreign minister explained to government critics that with a shrinking workforce and an aging population the German economy needed the manpower refugees could provide German trains are a lifeline in my search for fellow Arabs across this vast country hello Maddy Allah we came to Cologne to study sociology in 1982 he's an activist trying to stop deportations of young Arabs in the aftermath of the Cologne New Year's Eve events close to 20 have already been deported and two arrested bulton leti an alleviation Athena boudin Yahoo maja Sabathia kuma dictatorial dollar armani at about mas'ud attila had a duel the world navami ativan Rafi deposit a debate at Masada Allah Assad veña veña Tatia the fabiolita queenly a Malaysia Terrebonne and Toby at Hadiya on demand and haqiqat hadeel and uma lattissima treatable Danny Shah Baba has what of cable Danny huh whatever Shah Baba had and illa illa illa illa leisure Mattie's words reflect my own belief that our exile may be rooted in our nation's lack of democratic rights and responsibilities in the small town of Coblenz just outside cologne a Syrian refugee couple have settled in the countryside I want to know how they are doing out there in the German woods and all sort of l'homme regime can you know we are facing a failure on them Yamashita I hate Montreal Korea absolutely huh how's Ella – Lucia and somehow on three gunas hi Nina hiatus DJ I'm plucking on with it so Maya spent several months in an apartment in Cologne and hated it Modena Canada and for he can honey Sumalee an American film on las ability among Azam tacky and money lies until the measurement our horn how does she get Fulani by an agency wicked an hour bellum and not cuneus or ei the subnets Eduardo below vaada raha hain I keep the Yadkin of money Abdullah and Somalia have differing views on raising their daughter and the possibility of returning to Syria boomkin effect could be mmm – Thomas Allen Benteen lottery or domicile on ho moon column beard muscle and normal to my still valid muster hailed miss Allen one in Canada not merciful death message Sri Lankan enamel dr. Gaby Weber is a German physician and one of the founders of cafe Palestina a cultural organization promoting Arab and Palestinian issues in the southern city of Heiberg when she found out about my newspaper she invited me to come and meet members of the Arab community there including her own family I'm glad Gabi speaks very good English because for me doing an interview in German is still very difficult so you see we have all different kinds of things people from the region they are selling their product and you know they work in the fields during the week and this is the occasion for them to to come and sell also to make some profit and people have to come here because the atmosphere is very special in Kappa Palestine we have been let's say there were times where we have been between five and ten women who were doing a lot of things in six years we did more than 120 events near attained she's hand this is Gabbie introduces me to a German Palestinian and an Egyptian friend over coffee in this fire bookmark at cafe the mystery of what happened to Germany's earlier Arab community is about to unravel before my eyes Amir Hadad was born in Germany to a Palestinian father and a German Colombian mother and in the comfort of Gabi Weber's garden he explains his relationship with his Arab heritage the nice thing about it is that my father was able to transmit through music his love and his appreciation to his own culture so it was really always living the Arabic culture very emotionally attached and with the food and with my this nice combination of sharing community food music art that was basically it you know I'm able to feel like an Arab feel like a South American or feel like a European like a German of course my name sometimes they would make a little bit fun because it like a mere Salim ya Salim you know the salami you know like some kids would say something like that but I was laughing at it too Amin made the best of his multi-ethnic heritage his experience gives me hope Gabi's daughter Mary McClure is also another half German half Arab child of an earlier Arab immigrant in German this bit of Boston mrs. – we are famished suzaku ich mich vie de fin de if you'll mix the world Palestine answers as they are upon me Palestina as a toy chipping here off the vaccine our for meine liebe missus Fermi steps – where Suzaku is him Guevara FAMAS – way by allah – haunting and understand as it often didn't imagine dizzy Martin Kahn on tape much of it was a unique and zombie food well I shall – instant of the anxiety me that sufficient vice – instant I'm my Palestina garbage Islam Dan towage unlike a mere Miriam faced considerable prejudiced at school Xena pan-arab is nominal diameter its bin eine all cylinders and I was Linda Smith he and expanding into the Kentish candidates – familiar I said a garbage on mana mama's it's not so Howser on Soviet artists beauty and Deutschland is own effort Muhammad and a tortured man livin gang asuka's arced at hello my name is Kerry Weaver Ben Epstein Danville Alison jon Hamm's image sv ala unknown 100 the difficulties Miriam faced growing up here gave me pause for thoughts I'm beginning to realize that the journey of Germany's Arabs has at times been a painful one how was it for you it was very difficult I think it started at that time already that this picture of Arabs being people who are not as precious and of Muslims being fanatics like today also what made it difficult for me was the environment and the fear of my parents and they are trying to manipulate and influence me and at a certain time they kicked me out of the house and said you're not our daughter anymore and it was very heavy I want to talk about two children now they have Arabs name I think they have Arab names first name and last name which was also a big problem for my parents they wanted them to be half the German last name at least and they asked me all the time why do you choose Arabic names they they are of names they they live in Germany they should consider being Germans it makes it not easy for them as well sometimes in school or even if they apply for jobs or so then they can have a disadvantage of course with Arab names Salem a clue came to Germany in 1982 trained as a psychotherapist his murids father and Gaby's ex-husband Tanith quasar – Ananya al-monitor viera oli Lehmkuhl otra vez Venezuela an eulerian a colonel in dimaggio most immoral Manisa him children America Tejada a llama el alma moun Commission Allah and for some el waterside B&E religious leader hit us up in Medina Kineton a smoked em Athena Muhammad our Rafaela journey I asked Selim how he perceives the identity of his children Allah he asserted Alma I saw rexella yeah and if george diehr knee and no kind of between boom a smile money how an arraylist me I mean I mean listen I electro me a national on money to get below male balloon the story of Gabby Salem and Miriam has made me more curious I want to know if other Arab German families have faced similar pressures and challenges there happens by sight and after our own via Havana website and yesterday Larabee is a friend of hint he came to Germany as a business student from Syria nearly six decades ago our neeterb it is linear model Juana Janna massage' had the you're Muslim Oh after Vespa celibacy on man one American so what know about the Helena do I fear Hispanics are taught over no more I asked yourself about how he raised his children who had attraction Janiak la who their food muslimeen was a little ribbon in the hosted in here maybe our four killer hability Kuno you have to a flawless Lamia to mark his 50th year in Germany yes at illallah be bought a four thousand euro advertisement in local newspapers thanking Germany for welcoming him five decades earlier and for granting him citizenship I miss her on the shore no Anna so visuals almani actor McCune sorry sometimes I feel each one of the half a million Arabs who came to Germany before us has had a different experience and nurtures different feelings towards their adopted homeland since the exodus from Syria and Iraq in particular the Arab population in Germany has tripled it's very difficult for for us to go back to our countries because our people there they haven't been this this long way with us Hindman Sewell was born to Egyptian and Lebanese parents and came here after marrying a German 45 years ago she grew up speaking French and is shy to express herself in Arabic I also kept the contact with with my culture with my people so they feel very at ease and and we say they say immediately I'm German but my mother comes from is just a very proud of it my goal was always to see the good show the good side of the Arabs so that I accepted the music the literature the good manner the hospitality we have so many nice things why only the show doesn't those ugly things hint believes the jab does not belong in Germany although I'm not pious I disagree with her my mother is Muslim and when I saw my mother sleeping for example in my place and they have friend on in my place and I see her hijab somehow like went out I cover her because this is how she wants to be it's her right to be as she liked to be in Egypt you will see one woman at the rest with jeans and the next her sister with the head shop I don't care thankfully there in that country they do what they want it's here which is why because the eye of the other the eye of the other scare me I say they will start putting to us they would say see how they are tagged like this and it's not who I don't like this and I don't want them to look at this like this I cannot teach the people how to be smart if they want to put all of us in one pocket in one stereotype that's their problem it's not mine I am different everyone is different she wants to be with the job you were talking about the German because you said no I the German who act like this also who don't think you know those are the people who go and vote for this right nothing and those people who don't think scare me on my way to the train station I find that my taxi driver is Araki Sameera has lived in Germany for 30 years he reluctantly agrees to an interview but only if we don't join his face can Angie Sadiq Parvati dr. David and it was a mechanic enjoy the awareness an Italian food semi award jealousy and Kali publishable a linear Sonia understand all of it we all know who was our new ex-army can solve our insaner Bahuguna is an allergen syrupy whatever man who wouldn't leave attacking Germany now has over 1.5 million Arabs living in its 16 federal states that's close to 2 percent of their population not a lot but enough to be noticed the older generation of immigrants appear to have assimilated their children for the most part also assimilated but those who haven't are suffering many Germans seem to be on the fence about how they feel about this if this is Miss India game 49 Jewish I was air and arable Fela that's an era before burstable as energy hindi moment war as Andy mentioned its wounds come or a de problema in an eruption and the dish melts Arabic volumes and as Islamic meet the Islamic Revolution in Iran on submarines Ipsy energy spirit Vida the size dimension redness minutes urabá or the cold or the token identification as Muslim – Muslim trash teen on Dan Paseo de Gracia intro Santa's Aspasia to an array Islam is Iran niched in an Islamic Amazon I'm here besides it's write it again a Nazi own Arabic Turkish in Bandra that awfully goes this is niche dear illegal deaf era where the feather happened I can even my sins secular allied sister Antonella goes for the yen files access code to all Muslim a birdie spider on the Ratigan a Nazi on the ear a let me see her often this came in even of font selection alone the right feed oximetry derelict your nagging a collective identity a daughter of the pizzoli he dented off the bone Germany's most prominent citizen of Arab heritage works for one of Germany's largest TV networks born here to to Iraqi physicians Dona hai le is a national celebrity and was voted Germany's journalist of the year in 2016 at suspense ATF Anglophone harbor da ba da split say I'm a seasoned team on the estimate MacLeod songs for iguanas debated openly a sleek Indian African cousin Tito Nick dr. MA above a married indeed Mighty Mite minding me and an Amish minor fine in fact at my bar which does damage as a client Baba it was Provost or that badass Nam I would have found that it has all comers sambusa I hope our house one was in earnest on par I had this Emma Alaska home by this asymmetry and us faced about and zones in vast open all I know phones he had to impose organ some kind of discrimination so shoots I did is criminal context as item if I'm setting F been on site image in focus pin I even succesfully mentioned and me random and mine up his own on a minor hi Tom that's about who you are and leave me on burdened so extreme that fires Dona made headlines when she responded to racist hate mail by correcting the German grammar and the letter and posting it on Facebook as a man kind of the anxiety meet Himalayan zoovie Cindy Megaton Harbor Abba as an evolution of massive ability come on patron Debye demon animus on an adept perverse design in Aramis assertion Deng in dismission Sue's am so blessed by manifest like this in InDesign let's version or establish my a man for't or inverted of I'm on Viet Berkeley users go by today under hobbies naturalist spy identity it's been even higher even though it only if in our all Yaakov and the sisters blue dust minor Adam fleeced estas blue minor Ayrton donea lives in a multicultural neighborhood with many established Arab citizens most of whom have built successful lives but now many Germans associate them with the new refugees on jets duty-free flinger pass yet foreigners of Z burden comas undercooked ox even discredit yet order yeah Viva an angle gangs even Bhushan on Dan and vacancy by Dame desirable Democrats on screw shifter happen I know vote klutzy afflicting arises and afflict lingam Hans alles kaputt Alice must be inaugurated on the air our that happen yet yet street is a disco soon kappahd command first Humvee random exit wound assets of Illinois turn our thoughts on come on does not really fast waste anchor Wow dust of me pasión the old immigrant turning against the new refugee dounia's right it shouldn't be happening but it is I've come to Dresden in the former East Germany for a meeting with anti-racist activists it's my first time in this part of the country I expected the gray sad city but found something very different Dresden was a center of German culture Germany's Revolutionary priests Martin Luther came from this part of Germany he was the founder of Protestantism which began as a protest movement for social equality my refugee solidarity meeting is in the technical school of the University of Dresden a blob is the first Arabic newspaper in Germany it's for the Arabic speakers here the newcomers and settled also we have a lot of followers on Facebook while we have 50,000 people we are group of Syrian and Arabs so we don't speak first unfortunately these activists are well-intentioned but dealing with Arab refugees is as new to them as dealing with German activists is for me and one side there was one of these stupid questions which came up always in the newspapers or during Paquita discussions how much money does a refugee get or refugee a refugee gets more money than than than a hot sphere dedicated person hurts for receivers our welfare recipients pegida claims that the German government spends more money on a refugee than on a poor German the fact is refugees and hurts for recipients both get 400 euros per person per month he still the globalist is this mannequin Avedon either state versus the English Novikov [Applause] it's Monday night in Dresden near the beautiful square showcasing the cultural glory of Germany's past each week pegida the growing right-wing movement claims a spot to protest against the government of Angela Merkel who they regard as the principal enabler for the ystem ization of Germany Peggy the supporters are renowned for their hatred of the press and the police presence is partly to protect the journalists but Heinz you're him was willing to explain what was going on at Y s vidiots Manhattan Gazette station vague long does the shallow aquifer opción a the wolf Lisa qualification midpoints of Ashley adds the Osirian he named Agana as is so you send first and declare Silicon Alley politician part-time the first in the Dom Mia calm Cynthia file amended I was common angles for payments or design fantastically user probably in the uncle court or as in so noisy film fluency percent Muslim is a mansion on the program and for hands Dusty's inventions need in also court or so until clearances our dust midfield mentioning our via centers pistol yeah dimension DC he happened to this rave amazing bond our thermostats on the same kinda neo-nazis the cigars de Malabo was alarmed first an iron factors also gazelka plots in Canada does he also gesellschaft instant rata collision corner the torture had some Byzantine islands on what he can't [Applause] vorrei delivered swag open be ready ever mention the Dana Diamond deluxe possess the mass nine Lenovo's Nisha clear partners in her magazine here comte's and fletchling's I'm him on the CCS parent table Derek Schmidt in Sri liqu almost half the people in this neighborhood it's been this way for decades Abdul Aziz came to Germany to look for work via Italy where his family lives he says Muslims face discrimination across Europe home layer sabe a lake a Muslim an acacia monument of in sorrow I go to a newly-opened Syrian restaurant to see how hard it is for newcomers its municipal election season in Berlin and all the major parties except the right-wing AFD have come to the Zaytuna mosque in oaken to woo Arab voters which might have been here kitchen or other really choosing in mind this West Ham really [Applause] Invisible Man Arab man me hasta la fille mal esepcially Nisbet Moshe rectum flinty Hobart var Ilic then tiket Akuma duma we have a robe memory and laser another coffin Teja be a wrestler a Casillas here we open in litter attained a minute this promotional in Tibet to either make our home severe recession the UNAM Lamia or bad weather hot water to a hermit in Tibet Venice patella home de Lima stock Bellingham Ayanami economist Emunah V entire colony no invade her abroad muchas gracias the Islamophobia is a college student the craft in Holland in van crash in in Nederland in Sweden in Denmark or dust conditions and a gossan ideologue the vegan and vicuna medium anti-semitism 1904 glides by so men disperse eat and guarantee leash for garnish and can endure and Alice Medici pasion and conditioned Islam a Muslim for fourthly and this is one of Germany's famous welcome parties held in Berlin as a way to get Germans and refugees together the Merkel government while seeing they needed manpower for the workforce were also aware of their humanitarian responsibilities something reflected in the actions of many ordinary German citizens to come this is so bad my trip across Germany has been an emotional rollercoaster a meeting early Arab immigrants who have found their peace as well as those still searching to balance their multiple identities I met Germans who have welcomed us others who fear us and those who study us and perhaps by coincidence I wrap up my journey at the German celebration of their own history and Germany is full of surprises [Applause] it is here from this musician that I learned how Arabs and Germans have been linked for over a thousand years once he is put the admit in court suit immediately yeah yeah ooh naughty Madhavan distinct example of a patient music I began whoosh boom boom nervously ticking clock now that scum an emphasis on I once heard for the Cure against Antelope affording earth not Saint Yahoo not in down after hop music fans inter-ethnic re-enter gains or not like if a poon only gliding on s doses of my ID meeting white student Austin and Austin after oppa Vedic sewage dr. kacica values that come off the guns instrumental I'm left cautiously optimistic that one day Germans will see Arabs as a positive thread in the fabric of German society and that we new immigrants will find more than a refugee that for those of us who wish to remain Germany will one day become a home you

Farrah: Beyonce Covered Up Real Reason I Quit Destiny's Child

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– In 2000, former Destiny’s Child member, Farrah Franklin exited then famous girl group after working with Beyonce, Kelly and Michelle for …

The Real Reason We Buy Diamonds

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Most of us presume proposing with a diamond engagement ring is just part and parcel of getting married, but this tradition hasn’t actually been around all that …

Find Out About Cole Swindell's 'Reason To Drink' Tour (EXCLUSIVE)

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Cole Swindell talks about his upcoming ‘Reason To Drink’ tour in this EXCLUSIVE interview. ▻ READ more! — ▻ WANT more … ? – ▻ FOLLOW …

Nature: Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge

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“Sunday Morning” takes you to a refuge for migratory birds and a breeding ground for other wildlife in Georgia. Videographer: Charles Schultz.

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Scientists Just Discovered Fresh Water Under the Ocean, and It’s HUGE

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Scientists found a freshwater aquifer under the ocean. And get this — there’s enough water to fill 1.1 billion Olympic-sized swimming pools.

Oceanographic teams have known for a while that there are pockets of fresh water below the seafloor. They would run into them occasionally when drilling offshore for oil but when geologists and geophysicists explored how big these pockets actually were, they were floored.

Two different marine electromagnetic methods were used to pulse the seafloor. One involved deploying ten broadband electromagnetic receivers onto the actual seafloor, and the other involved towing an antennae that was broadcasting a certain frequency behind a ship with electromagnetic receivers at four different depth levels.

Both of these techniques rely on the fact that salt water is a much better conductor of electromagnetic waves than fresh water, therefore allowing us to probe things we can’t usually see… like the composition of the Earth below the seafloor.

While scientists believe the fresh water has probably been there a pretty long time, the team also believes that these undersea aquifers are being supplied with new freshwater from subterranean systems.

Rising and falling ocean tides provide alternating pressure to deep onshore sediments, acting a bit like an absorbent sponge, pulling underground water toward the ocean. This means that the hydrologic systems under the land, many of which we already use, might be connected to undersea aquifers in ways we didn’t previously know about. But can we actually use this water? Drink it even?

Several countries across the globe, like India, are already experiencing major water shortages, and while these newly discovered undersea aquifers could be an unexpected solution, we still need to think about how we can access them and the need to desalinate them. And if we do, what will the effects be?

A New State of Water Reveals a Hidden Ocean in Earth’s Mantle

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Aquifer systems extending far offshore on the U.S. Atlantic margin

“Our data suggest a continuous submarine aquifer system spans at least 350 km of the U.S. Atlantic coast and contains about 2800 km3 of low-salinity groundwater.”

The Hunt for Earth’s Deep Hidden Oceans

“If the transition zone could store 1 percent of its weight in water — a moderate estimate, Jacobsen said — it would contain twice the world’s oceans. The lower mantle is much drier but also voluminous. It could amount to all the world’s oceans (again). There’s water in the crust, too.”

A Massive Freshwater Sea Is Buried Beneath the Atlantic Ocean

“To investigate these areas, the researchers dropped instruments to the seafloor to measure the electromagnetic fields below. In addition, a tool towed behind the ship emitted artificial electromagnetic pulses and measured the reactions from the subseafloor”


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Okay, we already know that there are water-bearing minerals within the Earth’s mantle that are essentially deconstructed water. But this time when we say there are giant reservoirs of water hiding deep under the ocean? We mean fresh water, as you and I would recognize it. That we could drink. Like, water-water. About 2,800 cubic kilometers of it. Just to emphasize how freaking big that is, that’s enough to fill over a billion Olympic swimming pools. Or to put another way: it stretches not only the length of New Jersey’s coastline, but also that of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and most of New York. Casual. Oceanographic teams have known for a while that there are pockets of fresh water below the seafloor — they would run into them occasionally when drilling offshore for oil. But when geologists and geophysicists started to explore how big these pockets actually are? They were floored. A collaborative team from Columbia University and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution used two different marine electromagnetic methods to pulse the seafloor. One method involved deploying ten broadband electromagnetic receivers onto the actual seafloor, which then ‘looked’ down to detect what lurks below. The second method was to tow an antennae broadcasting a certain frequency behind a ship, with electromagnetic receivers at four different depth levels. These techniques rely on the fact that salt water is a much better conductor of electromagnetic waves than fresh water is, allowing us to probe things that we can’t see visually, like the composition of the Earth below the seafloor. Scientists believe the water’s probably been there for a pretty long time. When everything was frozen in the last Ice Age, the sea levels were lower, so what is now this ocean floor was actually exposed, and when the glaciers melted, freshwater melt-off formed watersheds on the exposed ocean floor sediments, eventually getting trapped there in huge pockets as sea levels rose again. The water’s origin story may mean that aquifers like this could provide us with clues about the glaciers and sea levels of the past. But the team also believes that these undersea aquifers are being supplied with new freshwater from subterranean systems. Rising and falling ocean tides provide alternating pressure to deep onshore sediments, acting a bit like an absorbent sponge, pulling underground water toward the ocean. This means that the hydrologic systems under the land, many of which we already use, may be connected to undersea aquifers in ways we didn’t previously know about. Researchers hope that this discovery means this particular aquifer is not the only one of its kind, and that they can use similar methods to find more. And at this point you may be wondering: can we actually use this water? The UN estimates there will be 9.7 billion people living on Earth by 2050, and several countries, like India, are already suffering major water shortages. As early as 2025, about half of the world’s population may lack as much fresh water as they need, and maybe these newly discovered undersea aquifers could provide us with an unexpected solution. But if we ever wanted to use this water for drinking, we would have to desalinate it, as it does get a little salty — especially the farther out into the aquifer you go. It is much less salty than ocean water, though, making it less expensive and difficult to desalinate — and potentially giving us some hope when staring down an impending water crisis. There’s cause for pause also, because new simulations have shown that because of the connection between onshore hydrologic systems and undersea aquifers, pulling water from under the ocean may then pull more water from under the land, and could cause the ground to literally sink. So before we can think of these surprisingly massive aquifers as usable resources, a lot of thought — and probably a lot of computer modeling — is going to need to be put into how we could access them and if we do, what the effects will be. Are there other deep-Earth projects that would like us to cover? Let us know in the comments. And for more exciting discoveries, make sure to tune into Shark Week, to dive into a whole week of shark content, starting July 28th on Discovery. As always, thanks for watching, and we'll see you next time.

The Immigration History of the United States of America

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This mini documentary explains the history of settlement in the United States of America: from the “Natives” who first populated the land to the Mexican migrants who arrive today.

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Immigration. It’s been the defining characteristic of
America since before our country even began, so it’s important to remind ourselves of
our rich history…of where we all came from to create this one-of-a-kind melting pot of
people that is the United States in the 21st century. The first successful colony in America was
established in 1607 in Jamestown, Virginia by English settlers. But, these first europeans arrived in a land
that was already home to other people. To indigenous, Native Americans who thousands
of years before had crossed over a land bridge from Siberia into what’s now the state of
Alaska. They were the first explorers of this beautiful
land, and they would spread throughout the entire continent and throughout central and
southern America too. Native Americans thrived by harnessing the
power of nature, and over time, they formed into many distinct groups, each with their
own languages and cultures. Then, in 1492, as legend has it, Christopher
Columbus sailed the ocean blue and arrived in the Bahamas and immediately encountered
a group of these indigenous people called the Arawak. The Arawak were curious and friendly, but
Columbus was filled with greed, and took some of them prisoner, demanding they show him
where the gold they were wearing came from. Now, the Native Americans were so easy going
and poorly armed compared to these Europeans – who had modern weaponry like metal-forged
swords and armor, and even guns – that Columbus said “I could conquer the whole of them
with 50 men, and govern them as I pleased.” And that’s exactly what he, and other Spanish
conquistadors who came after him, did. They vanquished indigenous group after indigenous
group with cunning and sheer brutality, and got a lot of help from diseases like smallpox
that moved ahead of them and just wiped the natives out. “When smallpox was taken to the new world
nobody in the new world had every seen a disease like this before. So the number of people who were susceptible
was much greater. There was no natural immunity, so the number
of people who could contract the disease and then spread, and the number of people to receive
it once it’s been spread, was much higher.” “Some scholars think there may have been
a population of 20 million native americans and the vast majority, perhaps 95%, were killed
by old world diseases. A continent virtually emptied of its people. Once word of the discovery of the New World
spread throughout the Old World – the kingdoms and empires of Europe – many people began
to plan journeys of their own across the Atlantic Ocean. Starting around 1620, tens of thousands of
British, German and Dutch – but mostly British Puritans – came to North America to escape
religious persecution, or to search for better opportunity, or simply for an adventure. The Puritans spread throughout New England
in the northeast, the Dutch settled along the Hudson River in New York and established
rich, successful trading posts and cities like New Amsterdam (which we now call New
York City). English Quakers established the Pennsylvania
colony and its commercial center, Philadelphia. More than 90% of these early colonists became
farmers. And, because they were living in small, widespread
villages, disease didn’t spread as easily as it could back in Europe, which kept the
death rate among settlers in America low. All these farmers needed large families to
help them farm, which caused the population to boom, especially in the New England colonies. As land became harder to come by along the
coasts, the roughly 350,000 Scottish and Northern Irish who arrived throughout the 1700’s
settled inland in western Pennsylvania and along the Appalachians deep into the south. The British sent 60,000 prisoners across the
ocean to Georgia, although the only thing many of these men were guilty of was being
poor and out of work. Tobacco was a highly profitable cash crop
in the southern colonies, so many British settled there and began to take advantage
of the thriving slave trade. “Those of us who study immigration history
think in terms of why people leave their homelands and why they come here. And those are generally encapsulated in two
words: push and pull. Something pushes them out of their homeland
and something pulls them to the United States. Now obviously in the earliest cases of slavery
they were not necessarily pushed from their homeland, but they were taken from their homeland. But the reason why they were taken was because
there was labor to be done here in the United States. It was a global force, the slave trade was
fairly global – at least in the Atlantic – and later Asia would become involved in it as
well. So here you have a forced migration.” Hundreds of thousands of Africans were mercilessly
captured and taken prisoner in their own lands, then put on ships bound for America, where
they were sold into a life of hard labor for no pay, and no chance at freedom. [Graph] This is the population breakdown of
the country around 1790, shortly after the colonies’ hard-won war of independence with
the British and the adoption of the American constitution, which made the country of the
United States official. The Native American population was so decimated
by disease, war, and migration to the west, that only about 100,000 were left inside the
territorial United States. Out west, many Spaniards moved north from
Mexico across the Rio Grande to settle in California, Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. Not all of these settlers were of European
descent. They all could speak spanish, but ethnically,
they were a melting pot of whites, Indians and mestizos, or people of mixed race. French settlers established footholds mainly
along the Saint Lawrence River and the Great Lakes, along the Mississippi River, and along
the Gulf Coast, establishing the city of New Orleans. Their descendants are known as Cajuns. These French and Spanish populations would
be incorporated into the United States in the coming decades through the Louisiana Purchase
and the granting of statehood to the western territories. After more than four decades of relatively
little immigration into America after its founding, in the 1830’s, tens of thousands
of immigrants began arriving on her eastern shores, again, mainly from Britain, Ireland
and Germany. Some were attracted to the cheap farmland
that was made available by westward expansion, while others took advantage of the manufacturing
boom in the cities sparked by the industrial revolution. The Irish were mainly unskilled laborers who
built most of the railroads and canals, took jobs in the emerging textile mill towns in
the Northeast, or worked in the ports. About half of the Germans became farmers,
mainly in the midwest, and the other half became craftsman in urban areas. Asian immigrants – mainly from China – began
crossing the Pacific to work as laborers, particularly on the transcontinental railroad
or in the mines. [History Professor Scott Wong] “Immigration
also during the 19th century was usually male dominated—males in their prime working years
between the years of 18-25. The Irish being the one exception. Eventually there would be more Irish women
who immigrated than Irish men. Immigrants to this day often follow established
patterns. They leave on village or one city and go to
another city in the United States because someone has already established that pattern
for them. People go to where they know people. And those people here can often arrange for
jobs and places to live and so on. It was often said that your first job coming
off the boat was whoever picked you up at the docks. Now people say your first job is whoever picked
you up at the airport. [Show graph]
After tripling from the decade before, in just two more decades, from the 1830s to the
1850s, the amount of immigrants arriving in the US each year tripled again, to about 170,000. By the 1850s, when the total population of
the country passed 20 million and things began to get a bit crowded, America’s first measurable
anti-immigrant feelings began to take root, mainly targeting Irish-catholic immigrants
who were arriving in large numbers to escape the poverty and death of the potato famine
that was hitting them hard at home. But with a huge boom on the horizon, this
early xenophobia was nothing compared to what would come later. Large, steam-powered ships took to the seas
after 1880, replacing the older, slower sailing ships, which meant it was suddenly much faster
– and cheaper – to cross the ocean, making the dream of a journey to America more accessible
to many around the world. “Processed and ticketed, they waited for
their ship. They boarded in many parts of Europe and in
many kinds of vessels. Most to New York and some to other ports. But they had one thing in common—they were
traveling steerage, and the steamship companies understood the profit in numbers.” [Chart]
Before long, millions of immigrants were arriving on America’s shores. They passed through immigration processing
stations like Ellis Island in New York and Angel Island in San Francisco Bay. This wave was much more diverse than before. Coming mainly from Southern Europe, it was
led by Italians, Poles, Greeks, Swedes, Norwegians, Hungarians, Jews, Lebanese, and Syrians. “It was as if god’s great promise had
been fulfilled. I’m going into a free land. I don’t think I ever can explain the feeling
I had that time. It’s not my native land, but it means more
to me than my native land—it means more to me than my native land…Any country on
earth this never happen. And become a human being again–it’s a miracle…everybody
had hopes. And one thing I was sure, and thousands like
me: that the degradation, and the abuse, and the piration that we had in Europe, we wouldn’t
have here.” This group was young, most were under 30 years
old, mainly because an entire generation of the children of farmers and factory workers
in Europe and the Russian empire couldn’t find work because the owners of the farms
and factories preferred to have an efficient machine – that they didn’t have to pay – do
the work instead of a human being. Well, this was fine by America, whose steel,
coal, automobile, textile, and garment production industries were booming. It happily took in this pool of eager, hard
workers and put them to work in its growing industrial cities. “As mills and factories sprouted across
the land, cities grew up around them. In turn, the cities beckoned to workers by
the millions from the American countryside and from overseas to fuel the burgeoning industrialization. What was once a rural nation was rapidly becoming
an urban state. From 1860 to 1910, the urban population grew
from over 6 million to over 44 million.” The United States also took full advantage
of Europe’s paralyzation during the first World War. With millions dying in the midst of the bloodiest
struggle the European continent had ever seen, every country there had to completely focus
its industries on producing all the supplies – the guns, the uniforms, the tanks, the boats,
the bullets – all the stuff needed to carry on and win the fight. But with many of its working-aged men on the
front lines, in hospitals or at home after horrific injuries – or dead – the factories
of Europe couldn’t meet all the demand, so US factories made up for the shortfall
in production. Before long, the United States had leapt to
the front ranks of the world’s economic giants. And when the Americans entered the conflict
themselves in 1917, US industry was now tasked with supplying its own soldiers too. It was during this 50-year immigration wave,
from about 1870-1920, when many well-off, white, native-born Americans began to consider
mass immigration a danger to the health and security of the country. They started actively organizing to exert
political power to slow it down. The first immigration law in American history
was known as the Asian Exclusion Act. It was passed in 1875 and – you guessed it
– outlawed Asians, specifically Asian contract laborers, from stepping foot on American soil,
plus any other people considered convicts in their own countries. In 1921, Congress pushed through a law that
marked a turning-point in American immigration policy–a law that passed the Senate 78-1. The Emergency Quota Act set strict limits
on the amount of immigrants who would be allowed into the country each year. It was very effective. The number of new immigrants let in fell from
over 800,000 in 1920 to just over 300,000 admitted in 1921. [CHART]
If the pace of immigration had been like a raging river, this law acted like a dam. But that drop off in the flow of persons into
America still didn’t satisfy the anti-immigration crowd who, just three years later in 1924,
forced congress to tighten the quota even more, established the border patrol, and stated
that any undocumented immigrants who entered the country were subject to deportation. It’s during this time that the definition
of “illegal alien” was born, a term that would be used to stigmatize the next group
the anti-immigration community’s crosshairs became fixed on: latin-american migrants living
and working in the US Southwest. After the quota laws passed by the US Congress
in the 1920’s, immigration was capped for the first time in American history. One of the exceptions to the strict quotas
were documented contract workers from the western hemisphere who could come into and
out of the US freely. The other major exception were the hundreds
of thousands of refugees who were allowed in, mainly Jews escaping the horrors of the
Holocaust during and after World War II, and the roughly 400,000 families who fled Cuba
after the Castro-led revolution of 1959. The US entrance into World War II also meant
many more Mexican workers were needed to fill in for all the young American men who were
off fighting the Germans in Europe and the Japanese in the Pacific. At the end of this period, between 1944 and
1954, the number of immigrants coming from Mexico increased by 6,000 percent, as many
Latin American workers were offered low wage agricultural jobs in the American Southwest
as part of the bracero program. But large numbers of Mexicans without the
necessary paperwork came in search of the American dream too, and what followed is one
of the ugliest periods in US immigration history. With pressure mounting to do something about
the thousands of immigrants easily crossing the southern border each year, President Eisenhower
turned to Gen. Joseph Swing, who launched “Operation Wetback” in 1954. That derogatory name reveals the insensitivity
of the policy, which directed hundreds of federal officials to lead thousands of local
police officers on sweeps through neighborhoods throughout the American southwest, stopping
any “Mexican looking” person and demanding to see their papers. If they didn’t have their papers, they were
arrested and deported. Some estimates put the amount of illegal immigrants
thrown out of the country above one million, leading to countless families being torn apart. In some cases, their American-born children
were even sent away. Obviously, this program angered many Mexican-American
citizens, and anyone else who saw it as a blatant violation of human rights on a massive
scale. [History professor Miguel Levario] “What
we have here is an aggressive and sort of paramilitary approach to deportation and mass
deportation and of course the use of propaganda to address the issue of unauthorized Mexican
workers in the United States. Because the Border Patrol agency was so small
– I mean, they’re using local law enforcement – so while they’re out there trying to look
for undocumented immigrants what aren’t they doing? Their own basic responsibilities of keeping
neighborhoods safe, addressing burglaries, murders, whatever it could be. Operation Wetback was terminated in large
part because of cost, in large part because it just became too taxing on local resources. We also found out that regardless of how far
you sent them into the interior, within days, sometimes weeks, they were right back in there. The final era of immigration to America is
the one we’re still currently in, which began in 1965 with the passage of the Hart-Celler
Act. This law finally replaced the unfair quota
system with a policy that gives preference to immigrants who have relatives already in
the United States, or people with job skills that are highly sought after. All other past restrictions targeting specific
groups were thrown out. This was one of the crown jewels in President
Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society program and it fundamentally shifted who was allowed in. [CHART] In 1970, 60% of immigrants came from Europe,
this number just fell off a cliff by the year 2000, when only 15% were from Europe. The one thing that didn’t change were the
many undocumented immigrants from Latin America who continued to come across the border in
search of a better life. So, in an effort to address this, in 1986,
President Ronald Reagan signed the Immigration Reform and Control Act, which gave green cards
to about 2.7 million immigrants. It was the largest single moment of legalization
in American history. As a conservative from the anti-immigration
party in modern America, the Republican Reagan compromised in exchange for more restrictions
on employers who hire illegal immigrants, and tighter border security. But it was a flawed law in a number of ways,
mainly, it didn’t effectively fix the broken system that was allowing businesses to hire
illegal immigrants in the first place. So since the businesses could still break
the rules, many low paying jobs remained for the millions of undocumented immigrants in
America that the law didn’t legalize. The bill also didn’t adequately fund and
equip the border patrol, which meant there was still a fairly consistent flow of people
coming across the border. To fix some of these problems, Sen. Ted Kennedy
introduced, and Congress passed, the Immigration Act of 1990, which President George H.W. Bush
signed into law. This increased the number of legal immigrants
entering the United States from around 500,000 per year to 700,000–an increase of 40%. This bill is also noteworthy because it was
bipartisan, with a democratically-controlled congress working with a Republican president
to pass major, common-sense immigration reform. Since the passage of that 1990 bill, about
1,000,000 immigrants on average legally achieve residence in the United States each year. These are the top ten countries ranked by
the number of legal immigrants from these countries who came to the United States in
2013 according to the Department of Homeland Security. [Chart] According to the 2010 Census, these are the
countries from which all immigrants currently in the United States came from, ranked by
the total number of people in America who say they were born in each country. Today, 14.3 percent of the total American
population is foreign born. That’s more than 45,000,000 people. The United States is home to nearly 20% of
all the immigrants in the world. It’s estimated that more than 10 million
of the immigrants in the United States are here illegally, living in the shadows. Thank you for watching, I hope you gained
a greater appreciation for who we are as a nation and how immigration has allowed us
to attract people from all over the rest of the world, how that is the single-most important
factor in binding us together and making us such a dynamic country. This video was proudly created by the two-brother
team that is the daily conversation, the video editor Brendan Plank and myself. Until next time, for TDC, I’m Bryce Plank. Click on the screen to watch our full documentary
on the most fascinating mega-projects under development around the world, the ten most
promising energy sources of the future, our ranking of the ten best presidents in American
history, or our latest video.

Delaware Cuts State Funding To Historical Society Over Confederate Flag, Monument At Group's Museum

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Delaware has cut more than $14,000 in state funding to the Georgetown Historical Society over the Confederate flag and monument at the group’s museum. Katie Johnston reports.

Corporate chemistry

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Helen Fisher, of, explains how personality data can change the way you work, at The Economist’s Ideas Economy: Information 2012 event in San …

Indiana Historical Society honors Living Legends in Indianapolis

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News 8 at 10 p.m.


Why Jaguar And Land Rover Face Uncertain Futures

Jaguar and Land Rover are two iconic automotive brands with rich heritages. They also have rocky histories of being passed between owners, with BMW owning Land Rover and Ford owning Jaguar in the 1980s. On the verge of bankruptcy, Tata Motors bought the two British sister brands in 2008 and turned them into money makers. Unfortunately, things are getting gloomy for Jaguar and Land Rover once again.

This was a risky move for Tata, which bought two luxury brands with reputations for unreliability on the cusp of the financial crisis. In the following years, Tata was able to turn the brands into moneymakers with models like the Land Rover Discovery, Land Rover Defender, and Jaguar XF.

Just as Jaguar and Land Rover found their footing they’re again in trouble due to a drastically shrinking market in China and trouble in Europe. In turn, Tata Motor’s credit rating has also taken a hit. Will Tata be able to turn around Jaguar and Land Rover or will it cut its losses?

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Why Jaguar And Land Rover Face Uncertain Futures

Jaguar Land Rover are two iconic
brands in the automotive world. Rich with heritage an excellent style
and performance but each have also suffered Rocky histories. And for years each were passed between
new owners in Europe and the U.S. including BMW and Ford. With BMW owning Land Rover and
Ford owning Jaguar in the 80s. Then just when they were on the
verge of bankruptcy the two thoroughly British sister brands were bought
by the Indian, Tata Motors. Part of the vast Tata Group
empire that makes up everything from software to food products. When Tata acquired them in 2008, both
Jaguar Land Rover had their fair share of financial struggles and
had fought to overcome reputations for unreliability. If you were going to say drive
across the country in a given vehicle and hope that everything went well. Pre-Tata, Jaguar Land Rover would have been
one of the last brands I would have picked to do that in. I just didn't have
faith in their vehicles. Worse, Tata had bought these brands
and perhaps one the worst possible times in recent history. Right on the cusp
of the financial crisis. However in the years that followed,
Tata Motors did something many owners had failed to do
before turning them into moneymakers. But things are getting gloomy
for jail are once again. Just as these two legends have
finally found some footing a drastically shrinking market in China for
JLR and trouble in Europe are threatening them once again. The S&P lowered the credit ratings of
both JLR and Tata Motors in early 2019 and they are
now deep in junk status. The question now? Will Tata Motors be able to turn around
JLR once more or is looking to cut its losses? Jaguar was founded in 1922 as the
Swallows Side Car company by William Lyons, a motorcycle
enthusiast and engineer. Back then the company initially made
side cars, those little pods that sit on the side of motorcycles. But in 1935, Lyons built the S.S. Jaguar. It was the first car
to bear the Jaguar name. Over the years the company has
made sleek aerodynamic sports cars and became known for racing. Number 20 is the winning Jaguar
which eventually finish nine laps ahead of the next car. Having traveled at an
average speed of 93.5 miles an hour. Perhaps the most famous example was
the E-type which Jaguar started making in the 1960s. Land Rover had an entirely
different history making off-road vehicles used by the military and bucolic
customers in Europe and around the world starting in 1947. Over the years Land Rover developed
a reputation for making rugged trucks an SUV with
a distinct British touch. Models such as the defender,
developed reputations for ruggedness and capability rivaled perhaps only by few
vehicles such as the Jeep Wrangler. Though also extremely capable, the
brand's Range Rover was perhaps what anticipated the trend in
high end luxury sports utility vehicles. And has even been the target
of scorn for its popularity with well-heeled buyers who never drive
the thing off pavement. The two companies were rejoined under
one roof beginning with Ford buying Jaguar in the late 1980s. But in terms of fully exploiting the
brand name of strength that we were building up in the company there's
no question we should be able to do a better job with the
resources that Ford Motor Company will make available. And then in 2000,
Ford bought Land Rover. Ford under went its own
troubles in the following years. It had to sell off many of
the premium names they had acquired including Jaguar and Land Rover. And another high-end British
automaker Aston Martin. Just eight years after Ford bought Land
Rover, Ford sold it and Jaguar to Tata Motors for about 2.7 billion dollars. Tata Motors did exactly what many fans
and enthusiasts say is the best thing an owner can do for
car companies as legendary as these. And it paid off. Jaguar Land Rover didn't really start
to become a powerful and competitive group of brands in the
modern automotive world until Tata took over. And when Tata inherited both brands
and invested the kind of money that they had long needed invested. That's when you saw everything from
the design to the engineering to most importantly the quality, reach a
level that made them comparable to things like a BMW or
an Audi or a Mercedes. Up until 2017, it looked like
Tata Motors had engineered a lasting turnaround for the
legendary brands. But things took a turn
for the worse in 2018. JLR posting a loss of about 4.3 billion dollars in
fiscal year 2019. Its biggest loss in
the last 10 years. That loss resulted in a large part
from a nearly 4 billion dollar one time write down. However even taking that into account
the company still would have lost money. The company said in January of 2019
that it's cutting 4,500 jobs about 10 percent of its workforce. Jaguar Land Rovers troubles have
hurt parent company Tata motors. JLR's recent troubles have been one
of the factors contributing to recent declines. In April 2019, reports surfaced that
Tata Motors is considering a sale of the brands to
French car manufacturer PSA. Reports that Tata Motors denies. Out of the two brands
Land Rovers and the strongest. But it has struggled as well. A big part of the problem, Jaguar
Land Rover sales in China fell about 26 percent in May and
46 percent in April. In March 2019, the company said sales
in China had fallen 34 percent for the fiscal 2018 to 2019 year. It is also facing
headwinds in Europe. Brexit threatens to raise costs. More than 40 percent materials used
travels from the European Union to the United Kingdom. And it must contend with
increasingly stringent emissions laws in Europe following the so-called diesel
gate scandal that rocked Volkswagen and other companies
in the automotive world. In a comment to CNBC, Jaguar
CEO Ralph space said that: But the U.S. may hold the keys
for JLR's recovery. Land Rover's strongest markets in North
America where it's in the fortunate position of being a premium
sports utility maker in a time where U.S. customers are hungry for SUVs. JLR sold about 10 times as many
SUV as the United States as did traditional passenger cars in 2018. Despite the fact that jaguars portfolio
is still heavy on sedans and sports cars. But Jaguar is leaning
into utility vehicles too. It sold almost twice as many SUVs
in 2018 as its famous sports cars and sedans. And unlike brands such as Porsche,
it's brushing aside the usual criticism that moving towards utility
vehicles is straying away from its race car roots. The Jaguar Land Rover
CEO also said: Jaguar is also stepping forcefully into
electric cars with its I-Pace crossover which has been
praised by critics. The car swept the world car awards
at the New York International Auto Show in 2019. But North America's continued appetite for
its vehicles might not be enough to engineer a full
recovery for the two brands. Industry analysts worry about a larger
downturn in new car sales is looming. The easier path is just sell
Land Rovers people know them by Land Rovers. But they are taking a longer path
by of keeping both Jaguar Land Rover together because there are a couple
of restrictions which are coming in terms of fleet norms and all
those things which they need to meet and hence they can work out. In the meantime Tata Motors has
fended off reports that it's considering selling the division
to PSA group,. The very same French automaker that
bought Opel and Vauxhall car brands from General Motors
and turn them around. Jaguar Land Rover have history
and heritage on their side. But the global automotive industry
is changing rapidly and it's unknown how much of that history
and heritage will count in a business increasingly obsessed
with the future.

Today in History for July 24th

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Highlights of this day in history: A key ruling during the Watergate scandal; Nixon and Khrushchev hold a ‘kitchen debate’ during the Cold War; Brigham Young and Mormon followers arrive in present-day Utah; Apollo 11’s crew returns home. (July 24)

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Paul McCartney Talks Hits And History With Al Roker | TODAY

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The Beatles legend Sir Paul McCartney sits down with Al Roker for a wide-ranging chat about his new picture book titled “Hey Grandude!”, his songwriting process, and why he’s just not ready to take his final bow.
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Paul McCartney Talks Hits And History With Al Roker | TODAY

I've got a feeling we're gonna have a little bit of fun here tonight at 77 years old Sir Paul McCartney is still rockin and rollin as part of the Beatles and wings and as a solo act McCartney's been performing to sold-out crowds for nearly six decades over the course of his career he's written around a thousand songs but now he's tackling another kind of writing when I think children's authors I wouldn't have thought Paul McCartney no I mean it was the one of my grandchildren one day said gran dude I thought I got me thinking so I wrote down some real the stories hey gran dude is about a grind that those grandkids called him grounded and he calls them Chile's so they have adventures as my kids and the grandkids were growing up I always loved reading to them at bedtime I just loved being part of that experience so it'd be nice to have a book do your grandkids when they were younger did they have an idea that grand dude was this world famous musician no no they didn't you know how to say people come to see me people pay to come and see me I'm famous yeah whatever yeah watching TV they gradually get the fame thing they get things like people always wanted a photo of me but they're very very cool with it McCartney is no stranger to fame just 21 years old when the Beatles took America by storm on The Ed Sullivan Show 55 years later his latest studio album Egypt station is his first solo record to debut at number one and honor not lost on the rock legend I mean here you are making music for 60 years is it as much fun now are you enjoying it as much as you did then yeah it's completely different as well cuz I'm a grown up you know I think back to when we were kids doing our first session and you were kids we were kids I mean we're early twenties so we were wide-eyed so it was that kind of wonder recording studio now you know after 60 years it's not that it's a different kind of thrill writing the music still a thrill goes out of nowhere you produce a rabbit you know and if you get one you like it's a great feeling but it's a completely different vibe for the kids knocking out a record is this true that sometimes you have to relearn the older stuff yeah I can relearn everything I've written an awful lot so it you can't retain them all we go into rehearsal and I've learned them you know oh yeah that's how it goes well sometimes when you're relearning them you kind of look and go you know this is pretty good I do I really do you know if that's one of the joys of doing some of the old songs it's a lot of people would say you know it's time to slow down a little bit what is it that keep you doing and mainly because of the audiences does that one of the best parts of this yeah I think just as you come on on it's like wow they likely and it's a thrill it's a big thing come on you've got to know people love you Wow I mean hey listen it doesn't go yeah you know if people love you people love you yes and that's that's a great feeling that is recent concert Angeles Beatles fans got an unexpected blast from the past when he was joined on stage by a surprise and very special guest it's really exciting to think that that still works we thought we had five ten years maximum really yeah I mean you know we were little rock and roll group for Liverpool a map that was beyond the expectations but then five years came ten years came and we were still walking and then it just kind of kept going sits so perpetuated after a lifetime filled with music and memories he says he's still not ready to take that final bow more studio music hopefully I'm going to think of it first I'm thinking right now are there more adventures of the branded people like it and people want it damn it I'm sure I could think of some more dope so thank you out I'm going to meet you I'll be – I gotta tell you and what was wonderful in the through point between him and Ringo is that they are such generous people with their time with their emotion it was it was really a terrific moment he actually doesn't have to think too hard about new music because you know he famously ad-libs when he's in the studio of him in the van will just make up all these songs and over the years apparently they've collected thousands of what could be new songs that he's thinking about putting in they've written or co-written at least a thousands now which is kind of incredible seems like it excites him just as much really and coming up on the third hour Paul McCartney tells us what legendary Beatles song came to him in a dream dream great by the way we should also point out that his book a children's book hey gran dude yep is available in the United States and of course in the United Kingdom as well on September 5th looking you

Your biological clock doesn't give a #@$! about your career

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For the first time in U.S. history, women are more likely to have a college degree than men. At the same time, these women are delaying motherhood longer and …

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Source : Back in the early 2000s, Josh Hartnett’s handsome face was stuck up in teenagers’ lockers, his movie posters were plastered …