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In the new episode of our animated historical documentary series on the Korean War, we will cover the counter-attack of the UN forces led by the USA in what was later called the Drive North. This video also features the battle of Inchon of 1950
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إنه سبتمبر عام 1950 قوات الأمم المتحدة التي تقودها الولايات المتحدة تدافع عن جزء من شبه الجزيرة الكورية يسمى محيط بوسان ضد القوات الكورية الشمالية. ومع ذلك ، فإن الحرب الكورية بدأت للتو و الأميركيون يركزون قواتهم حولها شبه الجزيرة للرد. مرحبا بكم في الثانية حلقة في سلسلة لدينا على الحرب الكورية! إذا أنت مهتم بتاريخ هذا عصر ، لا تنسى للتحقق من الثانية لدينا قناة – الحرب الباردة – الرابط في الزاوية اليسرى في الأعلى . الراعي لهذا الفيديو – War Thunder! اللعب على الانترنت مجانا لعبة القتال متاحة على أجهزة الكمبيوتر ، PS4 و Xbox ، وفي اللعب المتبادل بين المنصات مع عدم وجود شراء ضروري – مجرد تحميل واللعب! حرب الرعد لديه ترسانة لا تضاهى أكثر من 1200 دبابة دقيقة تاريخيا ، الطائرات والمروحيات والسفن من 1930s إلى في التسعينيات ، يمكن لعبها عبر 80 ميدان معركة كبير الحرب العالمية الثانية والحرب الباردة. عظيم الرسومات والموسيقى والمؤثرات الصوتية وواقعية نماذج الفيزياء والأضرار تزج تماما أكثر من 20 مليون لاعب في جميع أنحاء العالم في معارك ضخمة. ثلاثة أوضاع مختلفة تسمح الجميع لتحديد مستوى الواقعية المناسبة بالنسبة لهم. المطورين نشطة للغاية و باستمرار تقديم تحديثات رئيسية مجانية ل لعبة وإضافة ميزات جديدة ، والمركبات ، والخرائط! فما تنتظرون؟ العب حرب الرعد مجاني على PS و Playstation 4 و Xbox One! ادعم قناتنا والحصول على طائرة متميزة ، دبابة أو سفينة ، وحساب لمدة ثلاثة أيام ترقية باعتبارها BONUS عن طريق الضغط على الرابط في الوصف! قوات الأمم المتحدة كانت قادرة على صد هجوم القوات الكورية الشمالية على بوسان محيط بحلول سبتمبر 1950. هدف الجيش الشعبي الكوري كان لإنهاء الحرب في أقرب وقت ممكن ، وكانت الخطة لمواصلة مهاجمة دفاعات الأمم المتحدة في الباقي فقط الأراضي التي لا تسيطر عليها الجيش الشعبي الكوري – بوسان محيط. من أجل تخفيف وضع المدافعين محيط بوسان ، الجنرال ماك آرثر والقيادة العسكرية للأمم المتحدة تعتزم مفاجأة الكوريين الشماليين بهبوط وراء خطوطهم. بصرف النظر عن تقليل الضغط على محيط بوسان ، هذه الخطوة تهدف إلى خفض العرض والاتصالات خطوط الجيش الشعبي الكوري ، تسبب الذعر بينهم ، إجبار قوات الجيش الشعبي الكوري على القتال على عدد من الجبهات ، واستعادة عاصمة الجنوب كوريا في أقرب وقت ممكن. نوقش عدد من مواقع الهبوط. في مرحلة ما كان ميناء كونسان يجري ناقش كخيار أكثر تفضيلا ، ولكن يعتقد ماك آرثر أن بقعة الهبوط ينبغي أن يكون غير متوقع من قبل الكوريين. في النهاية، تم اختيار ميناء إنتشون الخطير والصعب كمكان هبوط. كان في إنتشون ممران بحريان فقط للدخول الميناء الخاص به ، والذي كان من الممكن حمايته بسهولة عن طريق البحر الألغام. لكن ماك آرثر حسبت ذلك لن يتوقع الكوريون الشماليون الهبوط في مثل هذا المكان الصعب. علاوة على ذلك ، كان سيول قريبة جدا من إنتشون ، وهبوط ناجح سوف تسمح فرصة لتحرير سيول من قبل قوات الجيش الشعبي الكوري تعافت من صدمة الهبوط. وبالتالي ، فإن عملية الكروميت كان أطلقت. قبل الهبوط في إنتشون ، القوات الأمريكية استخدمت أساليب الخداع لإرباك الشمال الكوريين. قصف الأمريكيون البعض الآخر بقع الهبوط المحتملة ونجحت في تحويل انتباه الجيش الشعبي الكوري إلى حد ما. في 13 سبتمبر ، الأمريكية و بدأت القوات البحرية البريطانية قصف الشمال الدفاعات الكورية في إنتشون وولميدو. بعد يومين ، في 15 سبتمبر ، الأمم المتحدة بدأت القوات تهبط على ما يسمى الأخضر ، الشواطئ الزرقاء والحمراء في وقرب إنتشون. وكان الهبوط الأول على الشاطئ الأخضر – الجانب الشمالي من جزيرة Wolmido. ال تتألف قوة الهبوط من الكتيبة الثالثة ، مشاة البحرية الخامسة ، بقيادة المقدم روبرت Taplett وتسعة M26 بيرشينج الدبابات من USMC 1st دبابة الكتيبة. قوات الجيش الشعبي الكوري كانت فاق عددهم بشكل كبير وخسر أكثر من 200 رجل مقابل 14 ضحية بين الأمم المتحدة القوات. تم أخذ Wolmido بالكامل من قبلهم في غضون ساعات قليلة. حتى بعد هزيمتهم في الشاطئ الأخضر ، القيادة الكورية الشمالية تعتقد ذلك كان هذا الهجوم تسريبًا وهبوطًا رئيسيًا كان يجري في كونسان. قليل جدا قوات الجيش الشعبي الكوري كانت تدافع عن انشيون، و كان الهبوط في الأمم المتحدة في الشواطئ الحمراء والزرقاء ناجحًا دون الكثير من الضحايا. الجيش الشعبي الكوري في 22 فوج المشاة ، الذي أحضر في البداية للدفاع عن إنتشون ، وكان أمر بالانسحاب إلى سيول. كان الهدف التالي من قوات الأمم المتحدة هو مسيرة في سيول واستعادتها في أقرب وقت ممكن. في اليوم التالي ، التقسيمات البحرية الأولى والخامسة بدأت مسيرة نحو سيول. 17 سبتمبر كان حتى نجاحا أكبر لقوات الأمم المتحدة. كانوا قادرين على هزيمة قوة الجيش الشعبي الكوري مقاومة مسيرتهم نحو سيول ، وتدمير ستة دبابات تي 34 وقتل 200 رجل. بعد ذلك كانت الفرقة البحرية الخامسة قادرة للقبض على مطار كيمبو في غاية الأهمية. سابقا كان سلاح الجو الأمريكي يطير من اليابان لمهامهم. القبض على كيمبو سمح لهم المطار باستخدام مطار داخل كوريا. منذ الجيش الشعبي الكوري لم يكن قادرا على تدمير مطار كيمبو في الوقت المناسب ، وكان المطار في الغالب اليسار في براعة وجاهزة للاستخدام للأمريكيين. جميع محاولات الجيش الشعبي الكوري لاستعادة كيمبو تم صد المطار. حقيقة أن الجيش الشعبي الكوري ركزت في الغالب على بوسان محيط جعل الدفاع ضد أمريكا الهبوط وراء خطوطهم ضعيفة نسبيا غير مستعد. ما يقرب من 7K قوات من 78 فوج المشاة المستقل و 25 كان لواء المشاة يدافع عن سيول المنطقة ضد حوالي 40 ألف من قوات الأمم المتحدة ، عدد الذي أصبح ممكنا بسبب استمرار هبوط القوات الأمريكية ، مثل 7 فرقة مشاة. في 19 سبتمبر ، في المساء فوج المشاة الحادي والثلاثون من الفرقة السابعة الاشتباك مع قوات الجيش الشعبي الكوري في ضواحي سيول. في 25 سبتمبر القوات الأمريكية دخلت سيول. كان محصنا بشدة. ال كان على الأميركيين الانخراط في فرض الضرائب من منزل إلى منزل القتال ضد قوات الجيش الشعبي الكوري ، الذين كانوا يدافعون بعنف. ومع ذلك ، بحلول 28 سبتمبر كانت قوات الأمم المتحدة قادرة على هزيمة أي أعشاش المقاومة في سيول وتولى السيطرة الكاملة حول المدينة. تكبدت قوات الأمم المتحدة أكثر من 500 خسارة بين الهبوط في إنتشون وأخذ سيول ، في حين أن خسائر الجيش الشعبي الكوري كانت الطريق أكثر أهمية في 35K. هزائم وأعقب الجيش الشعبي الكوري وتقدم كوريا الجنوبية من مجازر Namyangju و Goyang koyang Cave ، فيها مئات المدنيين يشتبه في قتل التعاطف الشيوعي من قبل الشرطة الكورية الجنوبية والميليشيات المحلية. في وقت واحد تقريبا إلى الهبوط في إنتشون ، بدأت قوات الأمم المتحدة عمليات الاختراق من محيط بوسان ، الذي دافعوا عنه بشراسة ، وترتبط مع القوى التي هبطت في إنتشون. عشية الهجوم ، الذي تم إطلاقه في 16 سبتمبر ، المخابرات الأمريكية يقدر أن الجيش الشعبي الكوري لديه 13 فرقة مشاة على الخط بدعم من 1 فرقة مدرعة و لواءان مدرعان ، مع سلاح الجيش الشعبي الكوري النصف الجنوبي من الجبهة بعد 6 مشاة الانقسامات مع دعم المدرعة – قوة من 47417 رجل ، والثاني فيلق على الشمال والنصف الشرقي من الجبهة بعد 7 مشاة الانقسامات مع دعم مدرعة – قوة من 54000 رجل. هذا جعل ما مجموعه 101417 جنود العدو حول محيط. وقدرت تشكيلات الجيش الشعبي الكوري في متوسط قوة 75 في المئة في القوات و معدات. كان لدى قوات الأمم المتحدة 140 ألف رجل. الأمم المتحدة كانت الاستراتيجية للجيش الأمريكي الثامن وجيوش جمهورية كوريا لاختراق محيط بوسان ودمج مع الوحدات التي هبطت حديثا من السلك العاشر. الهجوم سيكون بقيادة فرقة مشاة الولايات المتحدة ال 24 ، مع 1st انقسام الفرسان في العمق ، في حين أن 25 و 2 فرقة مشاة سوف تقدم من اليسار وجمهورية كوريا الأول والثاني من السلك من اليمين. في 16 سبتمبر ، بدأ الهجوم. كانت قوات الجيش الشعبي الكوري لا تزال قادرة على ذلك تقديم مقاومة قوية لقوات الأمم المتحدة. استغرق الأمر 3 أيام بالنسبة لهم لإجبار Naktong النهر وجعل الكوريين الشماليين الانسحاب وراء ذلك. حتى 19 سبتمبر كان هناك شجاع KPA المقاومة في كل مكان وليس مؤشرا الانسحاب الطوعي ؛ عموما تقدم الأمم المتحدة كانت طفيفة واشترى فقط على حساب قتال عنيف وخسائر عديدة. ثم في ليلة 18-19 سبتمبر ، بدأت الانقسامات السابعة والسادسة للجيش الشعبي الكوري في الانسحاب في الجزء الجنوبي من الخط ، حيث هم كانت بعيدة عن كوريا الشمالية. الفرقة السادسة تركت وراءها تأخير منظم وفعال بشكل جيد الأطراف لتغطية عمليات السحب. في ال 19 من سبتمبر ، سقطت Waegwan إلى 5 RCT الولايات المتحدة ، والقسم الأول لجمهورية كوريا في الجبال اخترقت شمال تايجو إلى نقاط وراء خطوط الشعب KPA 1 و 13th. هؤلاء الانقسامات ثم بدأت الانسحاب. بحلول 23 سبتمبر ، كانت قوات الجيش الشعبي الكوري تماما على الانسحاب بالطبع. الاخير القوات الكورية الشمالية في كوريا الجنوبية لا تزال تقاتل هزم عندما الجنرال والتون ووكر اندلع الجيش الثامن من محيط بوسان ، الانضمام إلى الجيش فيلق X في تنسيق الهجوم على قوات الجيش الشعبي الكوري. من بين 70 ألف جندي من الجيش الشعبي الكوري حول بوسان ، المزيد أكثر من نصفهم قتلوا أو أسروا. ومع ذلك، لأن قوات الأمم المتحدة قد ركزت على اتخاذ سيول بدلا من قطع انسحاب الجيش الشعبي الكوري الشمال ، ما تبقى من 30000 جندي كوري شمالي هرب إلى الشمال عبر نهر يالو. لكن الكوريين الشماليين عانوا عددا كبيرا من الخسائر وخسر غالبية من الدبابات والمدفعية. في 29 سبتمبر ، كوريا الجنوبية تم استعادة الحكومة في سيول. قواتهم واصل تقدمه وذهب الماضي 38 موازية. حذرت الصين أنه إذا كانت الولايات المتحدة القوات عبرت 38 موازية أنها سوف تدخل. ومع ذلك في 7 أكتوبر ، سمحت الأمم المتحدة للقوات الأمريكية بالعبور في كوريا الشمالية. بحلول 19 أكتوبر ، عاصمة كوريا الشمالية تم القبض على بيونغ يانغ من قبل قوات الأمم المتحدة. على في 26 أكتوبر ، قامت الولايات المتحدة بالهبوط في Riwon و Wonsan ، ولكن كلاهما كان اتخذت بالفعل من قبل الجيش الكوري الجنوبي. بواسطة ثم عانى الجيش الشعبي الكوري حوالي 200،000 رجل قتل أو جرح ، ليصبح المجموع 335000 خسائر منذ نهاية يونيو 1950 ، و قد فقدت 313 دبابة. كان الزخم بشكل حاسم على جانب قوات الامم المتحدة. عدم القدرة على اختراق محيط بوسان ، يعاني الكثير من الضحايا في محاولة للقيام بذلك ، وناجحة الأمريكية هبطت الهبوط في إنتشون مسار الحرب الأهلية الكورية. لقد أصبح واضحا هذا فقط في حالة التدخل الأجنبي يمكن أن تقدم قوات الأمم المتحدة يمكن أن يكون المتوقفة. صرح ستالين بوضوح تردده لنشر القوات السوفيتية ، لكنه طلب ذلك أرسل الصينيون 5-6 فرق إلى كوريا. سيثبت التدخل الصيني القادم لتكون قوة قوية بما فيه الكفاية لتحقيق الجمود في الحرب الأهلية الكورية. حرب الرعد لديها تكرسانة لا مثيل لها من أكثر من 1200 دبابة دقيقة تاريخيا ، الطائرات ، طائرات الهليكوبتر والسفن من 1930s إلى 1990s ، للعب في 80 ساحات القتال الرئيسية من الحرب العالمية الثانية والحرب الباردة. دعم لدينا قناة والحصول على طائرة متميزة ، دبابة أو سفينة وترقية حساب لمدة ثلاثة أيام باعتبارها مكافأة عن طريق الضغط على الرابط في الوصف! نحن نخطط للحديث أكثر عن الكورية الحرب على قناة الملوك والجنرالات وقناتنا الثانية "الحرب الباردة" الرابط الذي يمكنك أن تجد في الوصف أو في الزاوية اليسرى العليا ، لذلك تأكد من ذلك مشترك في كليهما. نود أن نعبر امتناننا لمؤيدي باتريون و أعضاء القناة ، الذين يجعلون إنشاء مقاطع الفيديو لدينا ممكن. الآن ، يمكنك أيضا دعم لنا عن طريق شراء البضائع لدينا عبر الرابط
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of speed and agility and maneuvers were remarkable through the branches and that is one of the things that has always surprised me about this species how fast they are all winter even as temperatures dip to 20 below the pair has worked together refurbishing the nest I think a lot of the nest building activity is part of pair bonding because they have to get their act together as a matter of survival it's now the end of March and the female settles into the nest with a telltale waggle bald eagles normally lay two to three eggs but this spring the one-eyed female only laid one egg the couple begins a daily routine for five long weeks they'll take turns incubating the egg as winter ebbs the well-practiced team seems to be headed for success but spring is a fickle season in mid-april it was a freak snowstorm I'll never forget it the nest was being blown around by this violent wind the snow is going absolute horizonte and it just kept reminding me of what these birds are facing in everyday life they were well into incubation so the changing of the gaurd was always quick because you got to remember that they have delicate eggs that they're protecting and keeping warm there seemed to be shifts of an hour hour and a half where one eagle would sit on the egg while the other was out foraging for food through this storm the mail set waiting for the female to return tragically something happened to her we're not sure what there's so many things out there that can work against the survival of these magnificent birds and makes you realize how fragile their existence actually is cold and hungry the father abandons his egg now he has lost almost everything he may find another mate and start all over again but until then he must defend his territory alone when Europeans arrived in North America the continent teamed with as many as half a million bald eagles but as settlers advanced the Raptors became targets and their nesting trees fell to the blade for Raptor specialist Bob Anderson the pioneers attitude was simply arrogant and ignorant all birds of prey were just considered vermin I mean they were all chicken Hawks they were all bad birds be it a a bald eagle golden eagle or red tail hawk they were all shot at the start of the 20th century bald eagles were under siege across the lower 48 Alaska seemed like the last wild place and there the bald eagle thrived but in 1917 the territory introduced a cash bounty by mid-century over 120 thousand Eagles had been shot and the gravest threat was still to come after World War two DDT came into widespread use to control insect pests bald eagle numbers went from decline to free fall when I was a kid just to see a bald eagle it's just a once-in-a-lifetime experience the phones would ring of a bald eagle was seen anywhere I mean everybody would call it be on the front page of the paper a bald eagle would seen DDT made eggshells thin and fragile sharply reducing the number of hatching chicks the crash was taking place so rapidly I was just convinced whatever eagle I saw was was this going to be a dinosaur in my lifetime they're going to be extinct in the 1960s just over 400 nesting pairs remained in the continental United States in the 70s two centuries after embracing an icon of wildness the u.s. declared the bald eagle in danger America's symbol of strength had become an emblem of environmental degradation but America was not about to forsake its troubled symbol researchers finally persuaded Congress to take action against DDT by 1973 general use of the pesticide was banned almost immediately bald eagles started to rebound in 2007 the American Eagle was removed from the endangered species list by tapping our own better natures we had given primal nature a second chance it was late summer and the Eagle had left the nest it was a perfect opportunity to climb the 80 feet up and investigate Bob and I wanted to have a look to see just what was on the nest Wow amazing here's a skull of some mammal the top part of the brain of some mammal and here we've got the remains of a this is a rabbit foot here see a little bit of the femur bones here and here's a feather dark feather what's at stake it might be from a crow us be a duck Bob and Neil decide to look for possible positions to put cameras Bob is a nest cam expert what are we what we're really hoping to install here in the next one we could do with multiple cameras you know one on this land maybe one of this swim trap one on the other live all pointing into this general area of the bowl of the nest courtesy lake we have to have tree legs when working with this job Bob will have a bird's-eye view in the coming nesting season no matter whether the single male succeeds or fails October in the Upper Mississippi Valley the fall weather is mild and eagles are free from the burdens of the nest waterbirds soon to depart for warmer havens are briefly abundant joining the Eagles that live here year-round are bald eagle migrants flying south from Canada some have flown 1,400 miles to find open water this surge of Eagles now turns to hunting bald eagles will sometimes chase mallards but the river offers much easier prey coots raft together by the thousands and these calm birds are a favorite meal a strong wind allows an eagle the rare chance to hover like a smaller Raptor the kite there's more than enough pray for every eagle but thievery is in their nature as one hundred lands at a muskrat Hut other Eagles immediately try to steal this prize this autumn bounty is a returning glimmer of the old days in November when the Eagles are staging on the Upper Mississippi there is one place far to the north that is almost primeval and untouched wilderness this is the Chilkat River in Alaska where great runs of salmon bring Eagles from as far as a thousand miles away the salmon have made their own epic journey in from the sea to spawn they will die soon afterwards but they will sustain this great gathering of eagles as they have done each autumn for thousands of years I've always wanted to go to the Chilkat and it was not a letdown I have never seen so many Eagles in one place and there can be as many as 2,000 and one small area of the river it's like going back into time being there because bald eagles do specialized often in fish their feet are modified with tiny projections on the bottom of the toes and the pads of the feet which actually make it easy for them to grip fish their beaks are incredibly efficient at ripping the flesh of fish and other prey that they catch the Eagles generally can go for long periods without eating they have what's called a crop which is an extension of the esophagus which is a storage bag for food when there's plenty of food around they'll take advantage of it by gorging themselves and they can actually go after a gorge for a week to ten days without feeding if they have to but as soon as a bald eagle catches something you can bet that within seconds another one's going to come in and hassle it back along the Mississippi autumn is on the wane winter makes a gentle entrance bald eagles can now walk on the river although some seem to prefer skating gizzard shad can still be plucked up but they will soon be entombed in ice as open water freezes over an eagle must be ever more precise at the hatchery nest Bob Anderson has been keeping an eye on the widowed male the male will always make occasional visits to the nest he still maintains the territories working on his nest adding little trinkets that might make it more attractive this particular nest is prime property it's you know located so close to a prime food source in many many Eagles been vying to get into the territory now that he's lone when approaching female would be courted after rearranging his cornhusks the mail sets off to cover his territory but now another eagle buzzes the nest it's a female an area of duet may be a chance for the prospective couple to size up each other's condition a healthy Eagle can cruise at 40 miles an hour in level flight and hit 100 in a dive after a few minutes with their heads in the clouds the courtship is over romance is a luxury there's work to be done when the Eagles first land together on the nest they're a little bit apprehensive and I think the moving around of sticks together and grass together just kind of cements the bond it kind of creates the marriage that will only get deeper and deeper as the week's progress but ironically in this situation the male has the final say even though she brings a stick and tries to put in some place the male will grab her stick and put it someplace else what do you think she's a four-year-old she does have speckles on her head but you can see a little dark streak on the top of her beak that dark streak tells us that maybe she's a four year old he's got a young bride probably coming into her first breeding season winter drains the last warmth from the river fresh perils appear for all the creatures along the Mississippi and now the most brutal seasoning tiptoes in in a workshop beneath the Iowa hatchery nest Bob Anderson checks on his reality show in what have you what an incredible angle of looking at the American bald eagle and there she is also and he's the boss boy this is his nest I mean he calls the shots he's in charge of all construction no matter what she does he comes back and rearranges it and 100% of the time that she brought in a little bit of grass and if she flies off now he will go take that grass and put it someplace else despite squabbles over decor the new couple is starting to embrace their common purpose you can actually see them they're bumping each other there were there they're interacting there's no aggressiveness at all a month ago they would have never tolerated this beating this close to each other it's like now they're a team we know that that they're getting close to lighting the rig's when you start seeing this behavior the young female lays her quarter-pound egg before dawn exposed an egg could freeze in a minute and so the father will need to move in for his first shift the first egg was later in the morning we actually missed it we saw the bird sitting in the bowl we knew that it would be soon but we were kind of surprised to see this first egg but we can see him how careful he is with its feet its feet are balled up and he's trying to hide his talons he doesn't want those nails to poke a hole in that fragile egg it's touching to watch that sensitivity that this old guy has had you know with many many eggs probably in his lifetime if a second egg is coming it's due two days after the first come on stand up she looks like she's about ready to stand out but what do we have we have two eggs we've got two eggs see this you can see them both did you feel again Wow when they hatch I'll feel like a Poppa either now we just have to wait 35 days from today to see our first baby if Eagles can feel pride or joy the new parents must be brimming over they will now work nearly unbroken shifts but even such an effort can't guarantee that the eggs will hatch safely especially since they must survive one of the longest incubations of any bird along the Upper Mississippi egg thieves abound raccoons and crows are everywhere so each parent is highly attuned to any sight or sound of Menace and then another storm we knew a storm was coming and we really want to see the first reaction of the birds waking up covered in snow so we made sure we had our recorders running long before daylight I was at first disappointed we had snow on the lens but it just shows how ugly the conditions ridi ridi are meanest birds covered in snow and she's screaming right now with the mail go ahead come and relieve me come and take my place and he does on a Minnesota farm 40 miles away another family is further along their two eaglets have already hatched the mother feeds her four day old daughter the two day old mail hardly able to hold his head up doesn't seem to be getting a fair share although both parents are dedicated they have a blind spot for one particular peril one within the family sibling rivalry it's not unusual for the older eaglet to turn on the younger and smaller in nature's cold calculation why share your meals when you can eat more alone neil has been documenting the story from a stifling blind just a stone's throw from the nest the dynamics of this whole syndrome is that the chiclet speed-up becomes weaker and weaker Towers is kind of afraid to even stand upright in the female will always feed the chick that's more robust and is called the Cain and Abel syndrome beings go on for about oh five to eight minutes sometimes maybe 12 minutes the bigger chick is getting up to thirty or forty pieces of food per feeding the little one would get about the six to eight pieces the last few days we've been worried a lot about whether the younger smaller chick is going to survive or not so we got our fingers crossed a little ud we call an underdog it's gonna be okay the battle will resolve one way or another and soon water flows again at last spring has come to the Upper Mississippi things are looking up for all of the creatures along the river Eagles visiting from Canada now return north to their nesting territories for year-round residents like the hatchery couple spring means getting ready for eaglets the first babies hatch now and you can see how kind of inept and clumsy this young bird is she doesn't quite know what to do that baby's begging for food and yet she is not fully responding to it and yet there's food off to the right to the nest and these first few days were so painful for us if it wasn't for the male I don't think the babies would have survived the eaglet is too exhausted to beg and now the mother starts to feed herself parent and young are failing to connect suddenly the mother focuses on her chick as if seeing it for the first time she's just she was know how to approach Yoona and she's kind of she's trying to ball up her feet she just stepped on the baby there it's a lot different than a hard egg this shot here really just surprised she had her tail facing into the wind the winds gusted to 40 miles an hour the wind actually literally blew her out of the nest and she almost took the baby with her something of an experienced bird would never do it's been a trying day and the stakes are only going up here's our young female just ending up and you as you can see you know we've got her second baby that did hatch and again you can see that she's getting a little bit better at their feet you know already there's been a little bit of learning I guess that's taken place and now the old man will come out of it the guy that's so proven that's him on the right she's stepping off now here's the adult male he's clearly fed babies before he just walks in and just they'll put the food right in that baby's beak after one or two tries he's very experienced and patient it will take the eaglet a little practice to actually get something to eat at least in this nest there's no sign of sibling rivalry at the Minnesota farm Neil waits for the outcome of the sibling battle the sister is alive and sassy but what about underdog finally I could see that underdog was competing he was actually getting food offered by the female in gaining strength today he does look better I think little underdog might have a chance once the eaglets were six to seven weeks old the Cain and Abel syndrome was long past and they were both healthy and vigorous each day these little guys will eat the equivalent of about a half a pound to a pound of fish the demand on the parents is increasing and they'll probably bring four or five kills to the nest during the course
Views:1905300|Rating:4.48|View Time:42:56Minutes|Likes:10238|Dislikes:1195 Few tourists manage to peek behind the iron curtain of North Korea’s dictatorship. But the journalist Luca Faccio managed to visit Kim Jong Un’s regime.
Anyone venturing behind the world’s last Iron Curtain into North Korea will experience a very different country to the one we know only through the usual images of rocket launches and mass rallies. The country is ruled by the dictator Kim Jong Un, whom the people worship – or are made to worship – as a god-like father figure. Little is known about daily life in North Korea, because all images that reach the outside world have been censored by the government. Visitors rarely see evidence of oppression, enforced conformity and starvation in the rural population. Still, journalist Luca Faccio is able to offer some interesting insights into the isolated country – although, of course, government watchdogs are on his heels everywhere he goes.
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[Applause] my name is Luka Fazio I'm a photographer and live in Vienna I've been able to travel to North Korea seven times since 2005 getting a picture of the country's people and their worldview during these trips I saw more than I was allowed to be shown any journalist visiting the country is accompanied by minders around the clock I've known mine for a few years now here I'm taking pictures with them they check what you film who you talk to and what about I see the familiar images but time and again I see new ones I noticed that there are a few new ideas for many of the people caught in this collective mindset a paranoid system one that I to have to submit to it is a requirement on every visit to start by going to the statues of the two great leaders I'm familiar with this they're part of the large man sword a monument which commemorates North Korea's fight against the Japanese occupation the capital Pyongyang is home to more than three million people and to a middle-class that's becoming economically increasingly independent of the state a middle-class that could in a long term become a problem for the regime around 2 million mobile phones have been approved since 2008 I'm currently being monitored with one they're used for phone calls to but only domestic ones and for selected citizens such as my minder it's the first time I've been allowed to travel by taxi of course only with my minder we're going to a supermarket in which I even discover typically Western products in my opinion that people are strikingly well-dressed there are casinos and they even spot some Viennese coffee culture here of course I'm the only guest much to my surprise the state television shows Western propaganda figures during my visit the controversial Slovenian rock group laibach was the first Western band to be allowed to perform the dreams of reunification between north and south still exist here but they regularly melt way as a result of new provocations and everyday aggressive posturing at what's been called the world's most dangerous border I've tried to find out what the North Koreans are really like because for me there are perfectly normal people behind the system appearances are deceptive I'm not in a conventional souvenir shop I'm in pan man Jong in the Demilitarized Zone there's no shortage of coffee smiles and cartridges this is the highway from Pyongyang to Seoul this is the railway line that has been disrupted for more than 50 years here we have manuscripts by kim millet simple young ill visited this place I Drive through the Demilitarized Zone with my minders three in total the atmospheres unpleasant full of tension and surreal on the day before my visit shots were fired today military exercises are taking place it smells of gunpowder and war my mind did tells me his army will protect me that's no comfort the zone stretches across the entire peninsular along the 38th parallel this is where the Allies arbitrarily divided the country after the Second World War the border zone is 248 kilometres long and 4 kilometers wide it's considered the most dangerous border in the world I meet a colonel here I've known him for 10 years so well in fact that we often drink snaps together after our meeting it's clear to me that there's the person in the uniform and the person underneath it this is where the truths and the end of the war were negotiated for you taking pictures is the most important thing you don't believe explanation the kernel takes me from one barracks to the next it's always important to mention how often which leader has been to the site he has to tell me that but he's clearly also interested in other things how does Austria report on the current situation on the Korean Peninsula this is the most significant August location with regard to the armistice two days after this building was completed on the 27th of July 1953 the armistice was agreed and signed here on the day it was signed the Americans wanted to move the building northwards they didn't manage because journalists saw it and prevented it on the 3rd of March 2012 the supreme leader kim jung-eun said during a visit if there is another war with the Americans we won't sign a truce will destroy the Americans until they're capitulated evil Americans who move buildings sounds like a fairy tale to me the casual way in which war gets discussed here sounds to me like Italians talking about football my trip continues we're on our way to the notorious blue buildings in which the meetings between the delegates from North and South Korea take place it's the exact border between the two countries drawn by the victorious Allies of the Second World War I have to say you made a real effort with the photographs here they are the blue huts the start of the drama for the Korean people in the middle of an impenetrable border the Berlin War was a garden fence by comparison it said a few meters from here is South Korea anyone wanting to get across is shot I've heard there are some foreigners who are nice to us here but who make money with us when they get home we will get on put it how you do the whole can you double on until 8 to learn that the interpreter gave me a different translation maybe the same place or maybe a purpose I don't know critical questions are dangerous here there are 13 newspapers in North Korea but only one opinion back in Pyongyang I want to find out what people think about them two Koreas reuniting I'm allowed to talk about this with a young student I want to say I won't tell them about our unification so all the Korean people have to try for the unification of our country the next obligatory item on the agenda is a visit to Kim il-sung's birthplace he's the founder of the state and the house where he was born is a veritable site of pilgrimage that everyone has to visit his father mother her family members were fighting against the Japanese so in these surroundings president Kimura son was born from early times received patriotic and revolutionary education from his parents so our the bread bread covered the Kim's own not only young woman not only young people it is or all Korean people very lucky very lucky him said because he very like our the present Kim isn't he very like our the general kim jong everyone loves the great leader but is that true it becomes impossible to determine what's real and what's staged here the same flowers here has sold several times a day they're laid once and then they're collected again by an overseer standing at the back and then they're recycled eternal veneration for the eternal president [Applause] my next stop is the monument to the foundation of Korea's Workers Party 50 metres tall and built of granite it depicts the Communist symbols the hammer and sickle supplemented by a paintbrush that's meant to represent intellectuals the reliefs by the way depicted the Battle of the workers against the imperialist threat here in the Church of the life-giving Trinity I get a surprise when the Russian punk band Riot were arrested I documented an art event in a Russian Orthodox Church in Vienna I was even questioned by counterintelligence as a result here in this Russian Orthodox Church in North Korea I used the topic to talk indirectly about human rights according to the Christian NGO opened doors North Korea takes last place in the global rankings for persecution of Christians Riot sang and danced in bikinis and Moscow students the Saviour Cathedral to demonstrate against the Putin regime during the Russian election isn't he Subaru I believe it's in the musicians insulting the Holy Mother of God kanya Mr Norrell hey tomorrow I wouldn't want to imagine what would happen here if the Holy kin were insulted for a North Korean priest the man is quite well informed in my opinion the information from the outside world must come from somewhere if I were to ask direct questions about human rights it would immediately be seen as a provocation and could make my state much harder in any case people deny what they don't want to talk about anyway concentration camps purges shootings none of that exists here officially it's a paradise on earth North Koreans are taught from childhood to submit to the state ideology to sacrifice their individual existence to the collective even the youngest children according to denounced adults who expressed dissatisfaction with the leader and the party I want to know how and where the brainwashing starts I tried to find answers to that question in a school a school for more than a thousand students but during my visit the corridors are deserted the headmistress takes me through the rooms everything seems very new very tidy the schools I know look different this is our cloning lab here's a microscope and on the screen you can see a cell magnified one thousand five hundred times here are the technical processes to clone animals she tells me that Kim jong-il had declared Nano and biotechnology to be at the heart of North Korean science it looks like it and so that I don't just see empty classrooms the headmistress takes me to a class that's just having a maths lesson it all seems very staged to me I don't know what the students here are really being taught when I start filming the students use their calculators like mad but the calculations don't seem to make any sense I believe the students are just pretending the pictures of the great leaders are everywhere they hang in every room when I asked one of the students whether he knows the man who discovered America Christopher Columbus he's silent at first then the headmistress asked me to leave the room because I'm interfering with the lecture but there's another surprise in store for me during this visit I was invited to play football with 30 teenagers I've never experienced anything like that in North Korea it's a great moment for me in the genoa Jersey for them it wasn't about winning I think the students played poorly on purpose to make me look better at times there were two to three hundred students sitting around the pitch it almost felt like a stadium because of the latest UN sanctions North Korea has been forced to be self-sufficient no raw materials or products may be exported given the current economic situation it's hopefully only a matter of time before North Korea gives up its stubborn nuclear policy I'm allowed to visit a textile factory I've been here four times already but the managers new come in and take a look I'm shown a showcase spinning mill the workers largely women in this case are the pride of the nation officially the people earn 5 euros a month it's very probable that their actual wages are even lower the people here can only survive with food stamps handed out by the government malnutrition is so common in North Korea that people have become demonstrably smaller I have to say the factory is strikingly clean the workers are laughing and joking it's obvious that the country needs economic reforms exports to China have dropped by half in addition the country is losing large parts of its agricultural land every year as a result of environmental disasters such as droughts and flooding making it powerless in the face of climate change like so many poor countries and because of the new sanctions North Korea's even more isolated than before I'm glad I was allowed to photograph some of the women none of this can be taken for granted here my mind is are responsible for my proper behavior if I don't stick to certain rules I could put them in a difficult situation too for some years now the increase in private vehicles has been shaping the face of the city it demonstrates that there's something happening in the capital and the private economy at least new buildings are being constructed and the city's silhouette increasingly reminds me of the financial districts of well-known Asian cities but in reality these buildings are home to the high ups in the Workers Party I was fortunate enough to visit one such private flat again after a few years in the left the surveillance becomes visible again there are people who document who in the building goes where and when it's hard to imagine such a system the flat I'm shown isn't a normal one it's a kind of involuntary place of pilgrimage for Western journalists it stressed time and again that Kim jong-un himself has visited the flat but does anyone actually live here he doesn't smell of anything everything was meticulously arranged like in a catalogue I find it hard to believe I feel like I'm in a film in which Kim jong-un is the all-powerful director on the 4th of September we went to work suddenly someone came by car they were looking for me they told me that the supreme leader was going to visit I wasn't expecting that of course it pleased me to me that sounds as if Kim jong-un were not just executing people but also committing trespass it's not clear to me what a dictator would be doing in someone's flat but everything's different here even though most North Koreans have almost no money to buy anything to supplement their food rations there are still supermarkets with Western products they're not always open and often many shelves remain empty but it's a sign that there's a growing middle class in Pyongyang that is demanding and opening up or at least certain luxury goods as I mentioned earlier a worker officially earns 5 euros per month you can't buy much in a supermarket for that the people who shop here are part of the upper-middle class the longer I'm here the more certain I am it's the women who will force a cultural change in their country their clothes very obviously no longer conformed to the propaganda line they look Western the desire for luxury goods has reached Pyongyang too or at least the privileged the women performing military exercises in front of me are shouting long live the victory of song gone gone gone means military first and it's the name of the state ideology that gives North Korea's defense top priority so it can resist the imperialist threat from the United States in Japan there's compulsory military service for the men of North Korea it lasts ten years the beloved leader was here six times the venerable general was here four times the current leader has been here twice who was where and how often you're constantly being informed of that in North Korea I'm visiting a state vegetable plantation 423 families live here new houses have been built to expand the agricultural collective I'm hoping to be allowed to talk to the workers here I've been promised I'll be taken to one of the operations but I can only see a few people in a place that's meant to be home to 423 families on a small elevation that feels like a surveillance platform I'm allowed to film the workers from a safe distance it's really not what I had imagined and once again it's typically North Korean [Applause] giving up isn't exactly one of my qualities and so I insist on being allowed to meet the workers I don't just want to see what I'm supposed to be shown I'm here because I want to get to know the Korean people a bit better to achieve that I need to meet them I finally convinced my minders and after they've made several telephone calls a group is quickly assembled that take me to the greenhouses as a side note there's nothing in North Korea that's not meticulously organized I don't think the word improvisation exists in North Korea by the way the red panel on the building says vegetables for the population of the capital regardless of all the propaganda and the I'd call it brainwashing the Koreans always manage to surprise me positively it's always important to focus on the details during these human encounters even though they're always organized and managed such meetings have an impact on the people here I think it's the only way to separate the people from the propaganda Pyongyang the capital with a population of more than three million is currently undergoing a construction boom new skyscrapers are shooting up all over the place shaping the city's skyline if you look closely you can see that South Korean brand names have been covered by North Korean banners like I said you just have to pay attention to the details I'm wondering where North Korea suddenly got all the money for these gigantic construction projects almost 80% of Pyongyang was destroyed in the Korean War over the course of three years the United States dropped around 30 tons of napalm bombs on various towns and cities nevertheless North Korea was economically stronger than South Korea until the 70s thanks to the support of the Soviet Union after that North Korea slid further and further into isolation it's not possible every day to film a live concert for workers on the streets of Pyongyang in recent years I frequently tried to capture such images but to no avail this footage dates back to 2013 when I was allowed to film this everyday scene in North Korea the war a score for me I'm allowed to take a taxi for the first time for that to happen my chaperone even had to call the foreign ministry of course I'm not alone I have minders to the left and right off me as a tourist of course I paid three times the price but that would happen in Rome in New York too I noticed something noob it may seem insignificant but this small picture of an aircraft belonging to a North Korean airline is an advertisement and a surprise in a country in which public images only ever show that godlike leader it's new and maybe a first gentle attempt to open up the country to a globalized world the taxi driver who's missing his left thumb drives me to a place you'd never guess it's one of the most popular entertainment venues in Pyongyang the ice rink properly called the people's ice rink in 2007 it was even one of several venues for the Women's World Ice Hockey Championships the Austrian team played here in Pyongyang what's telling is that the games in North Korea were the best attended and clearly not because there are so many fans here young'uns middle-class meat for ice skating ice cream and beer for Sunday afternoon unfortunately I didn't get a martini but there's table tennis and the enemy in this case me is allowed to play and win on this occasion [Applause] young Yanks cityscape isn't just changing architectural a young people have discovered rollerblading and can increasingly be seen out on squares where tanks normally roll or at least used to arrivederci I'm not certain whether Italians taught here but it's a start speaking of a Riverdale TV Arirang festival has always had a special fascination for me as it has I'm sure for anyone else who's seen it it's named after an old Korean folk song and tries to present North Korea's history in a heroic manner using mass dances and gymnastics more than a hundred thousand people participate making it the world's largest dance event of this kind if I look beyond the propaganda madness the choreography is always hugely impressive the Arirang festival doesn't take place at regular intervals it's normally held in spring and autumn but sometimes it's not held at all anyone who participates Untold gets a television or a fridge as a reward the mass event is meant to commit the people to the political goals of the regime through the unmistakable imagery I've attended the Arirang festival four times now but this time I saw something strange people suddenly left the stadium while overseers tried to stop them there was a large military presence around the stage that's why I wasn't able to film for long my minders wanted me to focus on the show was that a form of resistance maybe there really are people in North Korea who don't want to accept a third member of the Kim family as their leader [Applause] something else historic happened during my last visit the controversial Slovenian rock band laibach was the first Western music act to give a concert in Pyongyang but I think what young shows is that both sides have been willing to work on something which is really hard where both sides have needed to stretch to the outermost limit to make this project happen and that is what I call real and true cultural exchange when both sides come together and sacrifice something for the common results so after Mickey Mouse western music has also reached North Korea even the lyrics were translated into Korean as can be seen at the top would not have been possible without the three or four big cultural collaboration projects that came before it bro is that it well really music is a language without words and which is possible to understand in many different in many different ways and this is the magic of music you don't you cannot have like a users prescription for music I felt for the first time that I understood the lyrics when Mina the vocalist is saying nothing is gonna change my world to Pyongyang audience of 1500 that was a magical moment nothing's gonna change my world is the perfect sentence for a country that has kept every kind of Western music away from its people it's not uncommon for people caught with South Korean films or CDs to end up in a concentration camp up until now Western music could only be heard in the few karaoke bars for foreigners will laibach go down in history and the way Bruce Springsteen did in East Germany will see for me the North Korean people are cheerful and optimistic at least that's what the people I met showed me I think the North Koreans know that nothing lasts forever there are people that wants to live in peace but because of mistakes made during the Cold War they're forced to live in a permanent state of war laia nice Jessica staff for my part I can't repeat often enough that I feel happy among the North Koreans I've been able to make friends the trips of recent years have taught me that blanket condemnation and generalizations serve no purpose either in Europe or in North Korea a country I still know very little about you you
Views:1122023|Rating:4.65|View Time:42:26Minutes|Likes:10191|Dislikes:773 North Korea is one of the poorest countries in the world, but its leader Kim Jong Un has still found the money he needs to finance a nuclear weapons program, despite the country’s fundamental poverty and international economic sanctions.
This documentary looks at how, and introduces the men who have helped Kim Jong Un keep his dreams of reaching nuclear power status alive. North Korea has not reined in its nuclear program, despite a number of UN resolutions that have tried to force it to do so. So how has the isolated country kept the program going despite sanctions? Every year Pyongyang sends millions of North Korean workers abroad, selling their services to over 40 countries around the world. And their salaries flow directly into Kim’s treasury. The only ones who know exactly how the system works are the men who have helped the North Korean government carry through the program for years. A film team spent years researching these men and their secrets – from bankers and diplomats to the laborers and specialists who worked abroad and whose wages flowed into the regime’s coffers. Come and meet all the dictator’s men.
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this is a country where the war never ended every morning at exactly 6:00 a.m. loudspeakers across North Korea sound a morning wake-up call featuring the same melody every day a melody familiar from a revolutionary opera it tells the story of a young nurse at the front who has dedicated her life to the party and is searching for the beloved general who summons her to show him the way this is a country at war against the border that divides it I was always at the top of my class the teachers all rated me lightly even at school there was a hierarchy among the pupils at the top you always had the class representatives and the political representatives and I always held both positions I've seen big good together back home that's how I learned to give orders and how to lead people at the border between the two koreas / a cold war time standstill with no peace agreement ever signed the war has been suspended since hostilities ceased in 1953 in the course of the next six decades the North secretly developed a weapon that the world's major powers believed only they had the secret to the nuclear bomb how is a country considered one of the poorest on the planet and which is also shunned by most other nations able to afford such weaponry only those who were part of the system are privy to the secret it took years to track them down those who we were able to ask had a tragic tale to tell of men and women who were tasked with earning money for their country whatever the price the money of the dictators men soul just fifty kilometers away from the border to North Korea in the space of just 20 years the South Korean capital became the fourth richest city on the planet after Tokyo New York and Los Angeles this is where the ordeal ends for many of the refugees from North Korea this young high-ranking official from the North traveled thousands of kilometers on a trek across China all the way to Seoul he's been living here with a new identity for two years today he calls himself Michael Kim he's 28 years old and works part-time as a museum attendant this is an exhibition organised by the Seoul authorities it shows a model apartment in North Korea to illustrate what life looks like for the residents of Pyongyang having actually lived there myself I've been asked to explain in further detail what's her name rhymes oh boy I began my career in the State Security Agency the CIA of North Korea I worked in the financial department where I came to attention due to my expertise I was transferred to office 39 that was unusual I was only 25 when I joined I was the youngest member of staff their office 39 manages and directs all the economic activities of thousands of firms and factories the office was set up to earn money for the regime outside the country half of North Korea's gross domestic product comes from office 39 saravana times question I'm now with me Michael fled from one day to the next without warning his family he knew too much to be able to keep on believing in the regime he decided to meet us three weeks ago he insisted on showing his face while being interviewed in the hope of becoming too well known to be secretly assassinated reports from men who have been involved in office 39 the Guardians of North Korea's many financial secrets are extremely rare there have been precious few defectors fleeing the country means putting yourself in danger as well as family members left behind limb on the other hand was right at the bottom of the hierarchy upon who was sent halfway around the world to work on a construction site in the desert of Kuwait for me it wasn't about whether I wanted to do it time was running out I wanted to leave quickly so that we could get something to eat our leader Kim il-sung died in July 1994 and starting a year later in May 1995 the state was no longer able to provide the normal food rations people started to panic this was the first time they had reduced the rations I had a two year old daughter over there in order to leave you had to be married and have children if you don't have any children they won't let you out I thought family of four or five can live for at least six months on my salary of over $120 a month if I send it to Pyongyang after two months we asked why we weren't getting paid they said they had not been instructed by the party to pay our salary the party in North Korea was Kim jong-il our commander in chief that answer silenced us hundreds of workers had to keep their mouths shut we kept on working at night to using our flashlights we'd fight off sleep and just carry on I kept working like that for five months and all that time I didn't get paid I thought she did sending workers abroad was an idea first introduced in 1974 a gigantic network of clandestine companies and financial constructs gradually evolved all of them with one sole goal earning money for office 39 this man was likewise born in the North in Pyongyang in the early 2000s he was sent to Singapore he earned tens of millions of dollars for North Korea as a representative of Pyongyang's Northeast Asia Bank in 2003 he was suspected of having passed on information about the regime's finances he fled to South Korea today the former banker works for his new country's intelligence agencies he supports them in their struggle against the regime he once swore eternal allegiance to our main goal is to make foreign cash and this foreign cash business is secret complete the secret office namitha nine teams remain created there the system is set up like this all North Korean institutions where this foreign cash is generated they are obliged to report it to Kim to the top and then should bring that should pay that in cash Kim family mountain zone and before Kim jong-il so together or this and then spend it according to his priorities so through economies one is Kim family economy and the other one is the national economy run by the cabinet and run by their so called in a central planning so tuned family I called it you know royal court economy royal court economy they possess all the best profitable businesses best hotels there's department stores you know those services restaurants they are making money foreign key and then it also goes to give Antonio mountains of home so separate economy the money that you make will never go to the central economy no central bank finance ministry and trade bank they can never what poke their nose into our businesses you know they can never they can not ask anything Jim gathered or and then reallocator so let's say a billion US dollar a year she get that cash in cash and then she used that now nuclear and missile program is you know consumes a lot of money so is from Jim Jones pocket there are different workers you know at most one hundred and fifty thousand fifty thousand in Russia and little more in China and others in scattered around the world so one hundred and fifty thousand and they make a lot of money usually so 70 percentage or 80 percentage of the salary are cut and sent through the state and the party so if they make all of them make $100 then the amount is how much Shiva money on a peg put in your own parish man 15 million 15 million a month they don't make only one hundred US bucks a year iö month then they make more maybe several hundred is that least so a lot of money is going to control the volume of their cash income Kim Jong Un's fund increased dramatically in the past in the past 20 years in the past 20 years so he can buy more and she can do continue this in a nuclear and missile program you couldn't even get my turtle generally especially in places where we have a special agreement in places like Eastern Europe Southeast Asia Africa we have workers everywhere in Poland the Ukraine Uzbekistan Mongolia Viki Stan Longhorn while traditional yurt dwellings dot the modern cityscape the noise from the pneumatic hammers is omnipresent every day the concrete expanses continue to spread a little more in the Mongolian capital ulaanbataar for a period of over 70 years the country had a communist regime the city's grand monuments honoring the Eastern Bloc or a legacy of that era but after the collapse of the Soviet Union Mongolia switched to the Western capitalist camp people left rural regions in droves for the city's ulaan bataar is in urgent need of new housing but lacks sufficient manpower to build it the government has therefore been hiring workers from China Vietnam and North Korea for reinforcements the work is assigned the same way in each construction site the Mongolian workers are used for exterior jobs while the better qualified North Koreans for example take care of the interior the workers from Pyongyang are under observation day and night we want to approach them discreetly and first just send our interpreter hello hello the North Koreans working today sure do they sleep here yes and they never go out just to go shopping that's all and they even sleep here yes inside North Korea goes to extreme lengths to prevent its workers from coming into contact with the outside world and discovering a reality that is other than the one depicted in the daily propaganda they're only allowed to go out in groups so that they can keep an eye on each other but in the narrow market aisles of olin Betar we spot a North Korean worker who appears to be on his own can we talk while we look at the shoes yes when did you come here to Mongolia three years ago that's a long time yes and when are you going back home soon in a month and have you earned much money no I have not earned a lot of mongolian money and why not aren't you paid I didn't get much not much no I've been working but I never got any money they must be bad people there's a lot of bad people around really yep do you have family in North Korea how many children's I have one child my wife was pregnant when I left I've never seen my child so three years old three years boy a girl I got a letter saying it was a boy I'm desperate to go and see my son the workers usually have three year contracts and are not allowed to go home during that time only very few use their stay abroad to defect due to their families still living in North Korea they are all too aware that they would never see them again is Mongolia covering up the presence of these workers within its borders neither the government nor the companies employing them were prepared to talk to us but allegedly there are 1,200 North Koreans in the country they are there legally at the invitation of the Mongolian government the companies transfer the salaries directly to the North Korean embassy in ulaanbataar from where the money is then confiscated by the regime in Pyongyang a fraction of the Sun a few dozen euros a month at most is paid to the workers who use it to support their families in North Korea the construction workers are not the only moneymakers for the regime it also dispatches loggers to the forests of Siberia peasants to farms Pyongyang even exports doctors the regime's most lucrative source of income acupuncturists and chiropractors are sent abroad to open practices there what they earn however goes to the regime back home in Allah and Betar there are three of them we'd like to interview North Korean workers can we speak with you your nose Korean are you guys nuts coriander yes can we ask you a question we want to know why you guys are in Mongolia what do you do here for how long you've been here the doctors are not allowed to talk without permission from the embassy North Korea reportedly generates 450 million euros a year from remittances earned by its citizens secretly working abroad no records are kept of these secret funds and accounts documentation could potentially be used as evidence receipts bank transfers and internal notes are systematically destroyed on the orders of the Kim family this enables the regime to deny their existence in front of the international community but above all to the starving population back home they are not to get wind of the millions the Kim family earns at their expense I was a worker too I didn't get anything for six or eight months I worked myself to the bone so I reckoned why not help myself this man spent many years in Siberia prior to his defection he worked his way up to management level feeling remorse he wanted to break his years of silence in the hope that his testimony could help other former foreign workers who are still prisoners of the system the people positioned above the workers siphon off huge sums of money from those salaries for themselves let's say our bosses land a contract for 10 million they'll tell us that it's 7 million and we tell our foremen that it's even lower maybe 5 million so even then we're still able to transfer our mandatory share to the regime another trick is to negotiate 50 men for a job then we arrange to use only 20 and we send the rest elsewhere that means we can put aside a pile of money for ourselves in a good month how much did you earn around 20,000 dollars in one month yes do you know how much office 39 earns per year and how much of that goes into developing missiles nobody knows that that's the most strictly guarded secret of all nobody in office 39 can say neither the amount for the office workers nor the costs for their workers or any other figure if they were to talk about it at all plans to acquire nuclear weapons were first conceived by the regime back in 1953 during the Korean War after the u.s. threatened to deploy its nuclear arsenal against the country since coming to power in 2011 Kim jong-un has launched 85 missiles and conducted four nuclear tests twice as many as his father and grandfather combined the test missiles were fired over the Sea of Japan or in the direction of the Pacific with the capability to send nuclear warheads as far as California pyongyang now insists that washington would never dare to attack North Korea again on November 29th 2017 North Korea surprised the world with the test launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile kim jeong-hoon told his people that the country was now a nuclear power and boasted that it could deliver a strike anywhere in the u.s. at the same time a group of eight men of different nationalities convened at the New York headquarters of the United Nations where a race against time began they comprised experts on rocket technology finance aviation and shipping experts some were from the civilian sector others from intelligence agencies their work is top-secret their goal to dry up the secret money sources of the Kim family for their own safety no photos exist of this expert committee only Huw Griffiths the group's head since 2014 was willing to talk on camera these rockets that use ballistic missile-related technology their debris has been recovered by the South Korean navy who've had ships close enough when the wreckage has splashed down and they've recovered it and then they've invited the panel to inspect this this debris and once we've inspected the debris we note down the serial numbers we take photographs and then in many cases we're able to trace back the logistics and procurement chain so that's the rocker and then we have what's left of that this is one of the arm the Boosters you're seeing here there is a cluster of them round about you want to obscure this well our investigation show that a percentage of the components used in their rockets and missiles have been sourced abroad these goods will be exported in the first instance to other countries in Asia to business centers such as Singapore Hong Kong so that to a large multinational company based in say Europe who's selling the goods everything appears to be in order there's no North Korean trace on the only official paperwork in addition to research work the committee wields its own weapon the economy they devised sanctions that became progressively more severe in order to isolate North Korea we waited five months for official permission to fly to North Korea the North Korean diplomats didn't want us to film in winter fearing that the power outages might leave a bad impression finally in late March 2018 with temperatures rising again it happened we were granted permission to travel by train to North Korea via China and the border town of dong dong we find a country where time appears to have Stood Still a country that has been largely cut off from the outside world since 1953 every inch of arable land is farmed everything serves to feed the nation for seven hours the fields roll by to this day still farmed using only hand tools and manual labor most of North Korea's nuclear power plants are located in this region our route takes us close to three uranium mines a number of underground facilities and also the young beyond Nuclear Research Center which went operational in 1965 with the help of the Soviet Union it is the heart of the country's nuclear program our escorts await us in the capital Pyongyang we're now entering a world reserved for the privileged section of the population these streets and boulevards serve three million residents ten percent of the population the most loyal supporters of the regime a special permit is required to enter the city our two guides accompany us from dawn until late at night they've been tasked with showing us that Pyongyang despite all the sanctions imposed by the United Nations is no longer some economically crippled city with a poverty-stricken population all thanks to the new national heroes the scientists this architect spent eight years studying in France after leaving the a colonoscopy for architecture in Paris he returned to North Korea in 2010 today he's one of the best architects in the capital designing skyscrapers for the new elite this building was constructed in less than a year in just under eight months and that in an economically challenging time for Koreans but they still managed to complete it we want to show that we can live and continue to develop and can afford everything we need and promoting scientific advancement plays an extremely important role in our own development all the residents here have occupations in science and technology including teaching staff and everything else Lee Jungshin you're yourself hello hello can I keep my shoes on yes hello how old is he eight months look at the pictures they speak volumes there's our esteemed leader personally giving people decorations for Koreans these are the most glorious occasions I was really happy when we moved in here I could only cry and think about his love the marshal devotes a lot of time to the scientists and they reward him with their industriousness my husband has been a scientist for 30 years her husband teaches fluid mechanics at the Technical University of Kim Jake the apartment they were assigned has 200 square meters of floor space the regime also provides the furniture not everyone in Pyongyang lives in modern high-rises like this one but this family is far from an exception every year since Kim jong-un came to power he has built and inaugurated a new residential district that has involved 50 new residential blocks sprouting up within the space of a few months they're intended for the scientists and their families who have rendered extraordinary services for the regime one of these high-rises is home to an architect's office serving Kim jong-un excellent work but reasons to push up there there's always more work to be done there are always more project we never have enough architects this is in itself a huge building site everyone is tied up in at least two or three projects and is working non-stop but it's still not really enough we do all-nighters given the international situation and all the sanctions doesn't that hamper construction I don't see how that would have an impact I saw a lot of construction sites in Europe where work was immediately suspended after a crisis but here we carry on working despite the growing number of projects in the pipeline we aren't afraid of anything we keep on making progress regardless how is North Korea able to finance this construction boom has it been able to shrug off the sanctions out on the streets the standardized socialist dress code has been lent a little more color in the last three years the mood seems almost relaxed and yet the regime still governs its people with an iron fist even the slightest critical gesture or word of disapproval will soon find someone in one of the country's many camps for political prisoners since Kim jong-un has been in power however there have been signs of a reorientation the orders now are to ensure that the economy evolves at the same pace as the nuclear program cut all this to size let's be careful down there you have to cut it straight look this is not straight we built this entire set of ourselves and thanks to these Korean built machines we've been able to automate a number of jobs and also reduce our power consumption as a result we've almost doubled our production capacity everything here is a joint product of the experts from the Academy of Science and the researchers at Kim il-sung University where does the material for the shoes come from we're unable to import materials due to the strategy of our enemies so we produce everything ourselves that involves checking which components we have available so that we can make our own shoes the key factors for this economic revival innovation and adaptation the goal is to persevere and prove to the world that the country doesn't need anyone else we have solar panels we have them installed on practically all factory roofs they generate up to 400 kilowatts of electricity our factories need a capacity of only 300 kilowatts that means the electricity generated from the solar panels is easily enough to keep our factory running despite the sanctions and the isolation the shoe factory is one of a number of model factories that Kim jong-un has had built for each sector of Industry they all include a digital control center with a direct connection to Pyongyang's universities and research centers more model factories are to be set up across the country the regime dictates which roles everyone is assigned the country's economy and society are centrally planned right down to the fate of each individual young North Koreans know as soon as they're in elementary school how their lives will pan out depending on their abilities their family background and the needs of the party the state selects their career many end up in the military the country has a standing army of 1 million soldiers in North Korea men are subject to a minimum compulsory military service totaling 10 years those who managed to be admitted to Kim il-sung University the country's most prestigious college are usually exempt this is where the next generation of engineers economists bankers and businessmen are educated the future personnel of office 39 this facility was founded by our commander in chief with the noble idea of training men and women for leadership positions in the career of tomorrow our dear leader Kim Jong Il's sent us a letter in December 2009 saying keep your feet on the ground and look at the world combined a noble spirit with a wealth of knowledge and become the supporting structure for my late father's revolution make sure that the whole world looks up to the career of Kim il-sung's North Korea's economic upswing an economic miracle a final fake conflict to keep the people in the dark about the new wave of sanctions threatening to bring the country to its knees the official figures cannot be verified unable to talk to citizens directly we can't say what they think and feel all we can take away are our general observations traveling across the country the impression you get is that a brighter future awaits following the famine of the 1990s which claimed the lives of between 600,000 and 1 million people the streets have no cars but some dashes of new color life is hard but seemingly not as hard as it used to be Kim jong-un spent part of his childhood under a false identity in Switzerland did he bring the dream of modernization and opening up with him from Europe the young dictator possesses a nuclear bomb that protects him at home and abroad and also consolidates his power but where as his father and grandfather built statues and palaces he builds railways bowling alleys swimming pools museums of natural history and leisure parks facilities no longer just serving the elite culture advances in Science and Industry opium for a people who are for now still in awe of new developments the aim to reinforce the dictatorship now in its third generation in a sign of the times on this evening the colors of North Korea shine in splendor for the first time after dark is North Korea getting outside help Russia and above all China vote in favor of UN sanctions while at the same time can continuing to trade with North Korea an overthrow of Kim jong-un's regime is not something they want to see the country secret coffers and assets keep growing even in places where you'd least expect it such as Berlin in the heart of Europe in 2016 the German authorities began trying to close down this youth hostel located on the grounds of the North Korean embassy since 2008 the rent totaling more than 38,000 euros a month has gone directly to the Kim family Germany has terminated the lease but the owners of the hostel have steadfastly refused to vacate the premises do you know whether office 39 makes money in France or Germany in France or Germany sure there are no workers in those countries because of the stringent laws but one thing they do have is money and wealth North Korea buys and sells real estate for rental or speculative profit if they would do direct business in those countries and openly show that our company is a North Korean company we'd immediately be subject to a tax on it we rent out apartments nobody knows who the owner is really we just collect the rents do you know the names of these firms if I were to tell you that they'd end up on the sanctions list right away yes North Korea is an awful dictatorship but the people who serve the regime faithfully like me or my friends or even the bosses aren't just doing our job perhaps what they do is in itself bad but there's still a code of honor between us do they earn money in the u.s. not that I know of but we do do everything we can to relieve them of money we have technology hacking that includes blackmailing software North Korea hacks into the u.s. infrastructure industry your digital companies we can't analyze or make much use of the data as such we just hack our way in and then demand money in return for guaranteeing that we will keep the data to ourselves it's basically North Korea taking digital data as hostage you know stopping this in a cold the real trade with China coal and iron ore and other stuff you know this is the real sanction so it took only several months but they would cannot stop everything how can they stop all North Queens you know how many shadow companies and operatives are there how far does their network truly extend and what kind of danger do they pose in our final reports the Security Council we've we've documented North Korean weapons and prohibited military training programs in dozens of African and Middle Eastern member states in Mozambique the contracts one of the contracts we saw was worth more than six million dollars in Tanzania the contract was worth a similar amount in euros a little more I think maybe twelve million so it's all about the money part of the problem with ballistic missiles is that the technology wasn't supplied to all the countries that wanted this technology so the the North Koreans stepped in and this is very alarming that in terms of proliferation there was this new killer new killer facility in in Syria that was set up with North Korean assistance and this is this is the kind of activity that I know concerns a lot of people and the North Koreans also have a huge stockpile of chemical weapons as well it's been 20 years since little fled the Kuwaiti desert where he'd been working on construction sites in the meantime he's become a father again here in Seoul he has two sons they know they also have a big sister somewhere on the other side of the border you don't worry think about it the more I wonder what it is that made me who I am if it were a normal regime I would never have run away this mismanage system forced me to make that terrible decision once a month in Seoul refugees from the north meet up in a Christian Center in order to remember their families and their people back home almost like orphans of the man who was once their leader they turned to their God to rediscover a purpose in their lives while in the north those taking orders from the dictators continued to work in the shadows at home and abroad to guarantee the survival of the regime