Extreme A&E – Charlotte Maxeke Academic Hospital in Johannesburg | Medical Documentary | Documental



On the final stop of his worldwide journey Dr. Kevin Fong heads to Johannesburg, South Africa to visit a trauma unit that has an extraordinary record at treating patients, using very limited resources. Whilst there, Kevin observes a trauma team who is trying to save a man’s life after he was involved in a barroom brawl. Plus, the doctors must act fast after a father is rushed into the hospital with a suspected broken neck.

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Going Deep with David Rees – How to Pet a Dog | How To Show | Reel Truth. Science



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David Rees doesn’t love dogs but he is setting on a mission to learn how to pet a dog properly. During his journey he visits Yale University to find out everything he can about the genetic history, cognitive function and incredible senses of man’s best friend.

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Secret Life Of A Hospital Bed: (Season 1 Episode 17) | Medical Documentary | Reel Truth



In Birmingham’s Queen Elizabeth Hospital Day Surgery Unit, bed 81 is with 31-year-old former Marine Matt, who lost part of his lower leg while serving in Afghanistan. By his side is his wife Amy, and they are hoping that the procedure will make exercising on his leg more bearable.

Over at Leeds Children’s Hospital, paediatric bed three is on standby for its next patient. Six-year-old Eve has come in for an MRI scan on her brain to check a tumour that’s been removed hasn’t grown back.

In Leicester Royal Infirmary’s Maternity Unit, bed five is freed up just in time for 26-year-old Keisha, who is in an advanced stage of labour with her second child. Her first baby was larger than average and she needed help to deliver her, and her second baby is expected to be even bigger, so there is a greater risk of complications.

In Barnsley Hospital’s A&E department, bed 12 is with 18-year-old Alisha, who has had a serious motorbike accident. Paramedics fear she has multiple broken bones, and Alisha’s career ambitions as a swimming coach are in jeopardy if her injuries are serious.

Secret Life of a Hospital Bed is a unique 20-part series where across the 60-minute episodes, fixed-rig cameras tell the story of patients who enter four different hospitals across the UK. The hospitals are The Royal Victoria Infirmary in Newcastle, The Queen’s Hospital in Romford, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham and The Great Northern Childrens Hospital in Newcastle. The circumstances, the ailment, the treatment, the length of stay – everything is personal to the individual involved. But the one constant throughout is the bed.

An unprecedented look inside Britain’s hospitals.

With over 150,000 currently in use across the NHS, hospital beds witness the most important moments of our lives. Filmed over five weeks, the series features four hospitals and one of the beds in their units including: A&E, Maternity, Day Surgery and Paediatrics.

Every patient who enters hospital has a different story to tell of how and why they are there. The unique nature of the access means that viewers see the ways in which patients and staff interact, shining a spotlight onto the vital work carried out by the hospitals dedicated staff members, and giving an intimate and heart-warming portrayal of life, death, and everything in-between inside Britain’s hospitals.

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Forensic Investigators: Darryl Lewis | Forensic Science Documentary | Reel Truth Science



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On the 25th November 1996, a series of anonymous emergency calls led police to discover the body of Darryl Lewis at the Beenleigh Ambulance Station. They would be faced with a wall of silence and a climate of fear that would put their patience and skills to the test.

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My Excess Skin Nightmare (Loose Skin) | Medical Documentary | Reel Truth



For years, TV presenter and actress Lisa Riley was the bubbly large girl who didn’t let anything get in her way. She even joined the cast of “Dancing With The Stars” to prove that overweight girls can dance. But after putting herself on a strict diet and exercise regime, she lost over 150 pounds. She has a new lease of life, but a lot of excess skin that threatens to keep her from enjoying it.

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Engineering Connections – Burj Al Arab Hotel | Science Documentary | Reel Truth Science



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Richard Hammond checks out the world’s tallest and most distinctively shaped hotel, the 320-metre-high Burj Al Arab, or Arabian Tower. Rising from its own …

The Man With Hundreds of Lumps – Lipomas | Medical Documentary | Reel Truth Science



Views:1549|Rating:4.32|View Time:42:51Minutes|Likes:19|Dislikes:3
Airforce Sergeant Jake Tate is at his physical peak but starts to develop painful fatty lumps called lipomas all over his body. At first he thinks that they are being caused by stress but doctors reveal that these lumps are being caused because of an extremely rare disorder called Dercum’s disease. Plus, Jesica Blaszczak suddenly starts to get chills, fevers and headaches. Doctors believe that she just has a minor infection but it is later on revealed that she is actually suffering with a life-threatening infection of the heart called endocarditis from sepsis.

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Return of the Plagues – Mosquitos (FULL DOCUMENTARY)



Return of the Plagues – Mosquitos

Even today, two million people die every year from malaria transmitted by mosquitoes, mainly in Africa.
But even in the Upper Rhine valley, where malaria was still rampant only a century ago, people have to watch out – with globalization and international travel, the cause of malaria, the so-called plasmodia, may return at any time, encouraged by the rise in average temperatures and the reproduction of the “right” type of mosquito.
The Asian tiger mosquito is spreading slowly across Italy and even into Switzerland, a blood-sucking species that has caused numerous casualties in Asia as well as in the U.S. as a carrier of dengue fever and the West Nile virus.
In the industrialized world, people are fighting this plague with state-of-the-art medication and insecticides that have as few side-effects as possible, but mosquitoes and pathogens are becoming more and more resistant.
Some promising approaches to the solution of this problem have come out of the poor African continent itself, where researchers have been experimenting with the anopheles fly’s natural enemies (robber flies and jumping spiders) and have achieved remarkable results with plants such as the neem tree and artemisia.

“… so there were lice upon man, and upon beast,” reports the Bible, “all the dust of the land became lice throughout all the land of Egypt.” (Exodus 8:18, 17)

How to Grow a Vegetable Garden – Back To Eden Organic Gardening Film



How to Grow a Vegetable Garden

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We invite you to watch the #1 organic gardening documentary that will teach you how to grow a vegetable garden and grow fruits with less labor, reduced watering, while dramatically increasing your garden’s productivity. Paul Gautschi, founder of Back to Eden Gardening, has popularized the use of wood chip mulch in vegetable gardens and orchards. Discover the organic gardening movement that has made millions of people worldwide love organic gardening by watching the film, streaming online for free.

Back to Eden shares the story of Paul Gautschi and his lifelong journey walking with God and learning how to get back to the simple, productive organic gardening methods of sustainable provision that were given to man in the garden of Eden. The food growing system that has resulted from Paul Gautschi’s incredible experiences has garnered the interest of visitors from around the world. Never, until now, have Paul’s organic gardening methods been documented and shared like this! You will walk away from Back to Eden Film with the knowledge of how to plant an organic garden and how to grow your own food. Back to Eden gardening is the best gardening technique!

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Starring: Paul Gautschi

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when you look at the incredible landscape on planet earth all the different terrains the varying soil conditions the awesome water features oceans lakes rivers streams the waterfalls the different climates the huge amounts of plants and groundcovers the requirements are so varied can one fathom how big a project that was when God designed the landscape Roger for planet Earth he was so genius he designed it in such a way he would never have to show up to work it is completely self-sustaining my name is paul gaussian and i was raised as a garden my parents grew oliver food in los angeles i grew up and remember as a five-year-old kid my dad on saturday morning waking us up and saying well we gotta head off into the you know horse stables and get some horse manure discs we went down to a rental yard got a trailer and went to a horse stables and load up manure and came home and spread out in the garden spaded in and his kids we wore shovels out spading in heavy clay ground you know mixing soil and having a garden it was wonderful growing up because there's ever any time we were hungry we could go outside and take fresh vegetables and fruit all the time and just sat down in california's nothing you couldn't grow so it's just we had it all year long so it's really great and so as I started to you know grow up and I got married and I had some children and I decided you know Los Angeles is no longer place fit for human habitation as far as I was getting really crowded and in smoggy and just not safe and so I thought I want to go move to a place where I can continue to do this and grow fresh food for my family have clean water clean air so they came up here to the peninsula Washington we have a beautiful place but we built a house and we faced a real challenge we um drilled a well with 213 feet and got half a gallon a minute and if you're doing the math and thinking about that that's not enough water to a garden I'll never forget as long as it was August 1979 you know was a great year to build a house didn't rain all summer but we're in August eldest grass was totally dead the road coming in was all deaths I'm looking at that same God how am I gonna go through to that water and it was so incredible I hear inside Isis we're looking at the wrong thing turn around look at your trees and I pushed enough out when I built the house I knew they had shallow roots this is you know God you really have my attention if you couldn't show me how you do these without irrigation I can do an orchard so I went out to the woods of the fork and I started moving this material underneath the trees and I was totally amazed this beautiful soft black damp incredible compost when I saw that I says well I can do this this this makes sense why started planting the trees out there and at that time I had you know straw and sheep and or not using wood chips and it's been amazing this work has been here 31 years now it's never been watered or fertilizer once it goes through droughts or whatever and it's just every year gets better I said it was doing this orchard experiencing these incredible results because I was a creature of habit and because our nature is to do things as were taught and not to inquire from goddess is okay god thanks for the help but I can handle some my own and so for I think probably seventeen years I was out here diligently rototilling hauling in organic material you can see a place over here my major rock pile this is my altar this is where all the rocks that came out my garden over here and I'm just doing this stuff and I'm feeling out I'm on this treadmill just running in place going nowhere feeling like I'm gonna keep up with this you know every spring the ground is totally muddy and wet when I tilt it it turned to weeds in five to seven days solid green with weeds I planted plant things three feet apart so I can rototill with it you know do the weeding with the tiller and it was just labor-intensive and one day I got out my orchard I don't know what motivated me I got on my knees and I started moving these wood chips and I'm down to my elbow this beautiful black compost and I got up and started screaming I was so angry I said there's something wrong with this picture I have been killing myself to get this in my garden I don't have it I didn't do anything here and I hear inside what works gonna get garden the same way he didn't ask I was so angry I threw that told her away I started covering my garden with woodchips I always say people the greatest gift gotta get was that lousy well because it opened me up to him and to showed me his incredible you know working creation been a gardener for 55 years have been tilling done all that stuff and it's so amazing that my little tools a rake and it's just so easy and so simple and the production is so superior to what ever had ever tired of searching oh there's gotta be a better way your hands up and break now I'm ready to trust you with me to Eden tewi edan freedom your burden in life tell me to lean on you the rest my light Eton is the place of freedom when I saw how easy and simple this was like I says God where do we lose it huh why are we doing this it was so interesting to me right back at Genesis in the beginning and if you look at the in the in the beginning when Adam Eve were in the garden they had this beautiful relaxing day in the garden and every afternoon even God would come down and walk with him through the garden and I'm sure as he walked through the garden he would just share with him things they saw in the garden that day about himself did you notice this this is my character this is all about being kind of thing I'm sure they just had this incredible time I totally relaxed no stress every day but when man sinned scripture said things are gonna change and the wording is by the sweat of your brow you're gonna raise food thistles and thorns and weeds are gonna be with you and the next verse says and man began to till the soil you see man never cultivated in the garden he tended the garden but he never disturbed the ground and when man got disconnected from God he began to till the soil the whole issue is so very simple it's all about cover nowhere in nature where man has not been do you ever see exposed dirt that only happens when man comes and takes the cover everywhere in nature man is not been is either covered with needles and leaves or grasses but the ground is covered and the reason is because the ground is a living organism and as all living organisms such as ourselves we have skin to protect us the animals have fur fish have scales birds have feathers and the soil is a living organism and God has designed it and made it so it's always covered with something when you take the cover off it becomes vulnerable and it gets lost this is the thing that amazes me about us as intelligent human beings how we don't see it because we've been experiencing it for thousands of years in a negative way we're all around us all through creation everything's just growing beautifully with no work and we aren't you know we work hard to fail when we came to the Midwest here 200 years ago there was 8 to 12 feet of beautiful topsoil I mean gorgeous stuff and if you ever fall across the Midwest you look down to ground it's almost scary it's this parched cracked hard totally decimals it looks like desert there's native topsoil today because it's all blowing and washed away and there's so cultivating this is not working and we're losing topsoil and topsoil in nature it takes 100 years to build an inch of topsoil I mean it is criminal and incredibly devastating what we've done to the planet soil conservation people in the Midwest will tell you that it's okay to lose around four tons of soil per acre per year I don't believe I may be wrong I don't believe that soil is forming at the rate of four tons per acre per year when the soil erodes the organic matter erodes and all the nutrients that were in the soil erode and that's just gone it's just a resource that isn't there anymore I found that if I try to help nature at any level I mess it up my approach to knowledge is to look what it does and says talk to me show me what you're doing because I want to copy it because it does it the best I have two properties that I'm doing this on one this one here the ground is clay and rock would be impossible to farm would be considered from the agriculture point of view is marginal soil the other place I have is 80 percent rock told the gravel pit you couldn't possibly tell it you couldn't possibly cultivate it and on both of those places I'm experiencing the most incredible beautiful gardens I love that scripture says as we behold the Lord we're being changed from glory to glory and I find that anything that comes in contact with God gets changed including clay and rock and rock it's just so awesome to take people in and take him back and show my incredible ground he came break with a pick and walk on this stuff it's totally buoyant everything is just growing great you know and I didn't do anything I just put the cover down and God does it all whatever organic natural thing you have at your disposal it will work and I've used everything from straw grass clippings leaves animal manures rocks but having used them all I come back to wood chips and I see where it's been for a while what it's done it is my favorite it's just is a nice nicest thing to use first so when I speak of wood chips I want to delineate between wood chips and other things that people put in the same category such as bark or or shavings or sawdust wood chips well I say which I'm referring to two branches have been chipped branches of trees wood about 90% needles and leaves has gone through a chip or a tub grinder you want to go to get it from the source you know either good tree service or someplace that has a good amount of it and um because the bags is too small or too expensive if you live in an area where you have local tree services people there trimming trees are taking them down I always get in the phone book and look for those kind of people and and then that's be a great source in most cases to them it's something they've got to get rid of and so they're looking for places to get rid of it so it shouldn't be a problem yes this whole area just fill this packet in tight as much as you much as you can bring man I'll use it in the local area here we remove hazard trees and trimming and view removals and different things to enhance views and so this is a byproduct of that operation we've dumped chips here for fall for a lot of years twelve okay twelve years in Paul's case this is so handy for us because the location it actually saves us time so we give it to Paul it's handy for us to get rid of the material so it's getting more and more common for people to call us wanting chips the thing about mulch is pretty much in every municipality there's mulch available because someone's chopping a tree down some it's cutting trees somebody shredding leaves if we can try and get things that are close as possible to us maybe it's your neighbor that's chipping up a tree next door then that's the best product for you I you know I'm an arborist I prune trees for living a night and for me it's an art form and I'm so thankful to be able to do it because it's a gift that I have and this is something that's just so pleasing and so pleasurable you know it's interesting that the searcher talks about pruning there in John 15 Jesus is right saying that I am the vine you are the branches my father is the husband then he said well he maintains and cares for it all and goes on to say that he proves that tree is for what purpose so they'll bear more fruit and I love these these things about God because there's so much bigger than I when I try to figure that out it makes no sense if I'm cutting a tree taking branches off it would make sense to me from a mathematical point of view I'm reducing his capacity to bear fruit but God is saying he prunes so it'll be bear more fruit and it's just this incredible beautiful illustration of God how his whole principles is in giving you receive and so with the tree when when you're taking the stuff out of it and it's giving of itself that process develops it and strengthens it and encourages it produced more fruit and in my experience I totally see it people will come to my orchard here you know I'm this time of year and you can't even walk through and they'll come after I've written this in the in January this is what happened to your tree is there naked I mean what'd you do to missus we'll come back in September they won't touching you know and I'm just basically you know making room from the fill-in you know and they just produce so heavily every year that's amazing how much comes out but they come right back and and produce tremendously and I'm finding I always tell people if you want to treat a girl the most similar thing you can do to it is cut it cutting it will will way surpass fertilizing watering anything else nothing compares to the effect of pruning every time I prune I've got all these nice always good branches to chip up and put back and every year it happens over again and it's just it's endless and it's totally free provided by God missus again it's such a beautiful picture of his character my name is Steve Johnson I run what's called the lazy Jay tree farm most of the farmers in Christmas trees fruit orchards vegetable operation and and then the compost facility here I only do yard waste through my facility normal yard waste that comes in as long as you've got fairly good green coming in walk with yard waste has the right carbon nitrogen ratio to compost properly I ran a chipper for years and you have to pick up the material and put it into the chipper and I'll that's just too much labor and energy for what you get out of it and so the top grinder is really a good way to put the material through fast and you never handle it by hand it takes a lot takes a lot of material to farm with it [Applause] [Applause] you are so interesting about this track with me I came across this revelation of the day these wood chips when the wind blows don't move they stay there and they're lighter than dirt exactly you track with that that's bigger than me and I love it it's nature it's so awesome how the Creator design is I mean there's no telling there's no thinking there's no that was that this is the only tool I need mm-hmm my roses love it everything well I just went to the place where they make all this good compost I've got a nice load of it last time I put this here is about three years ago and I think with this application of Holly gold maybe four or five years I'm finding that the stuff is like compounding interest it games and timing and you have to put less and less down the time goes on look I believe this love the color of them so succulent and healthy they are the two words I want you to think about when you come here sustainable permaculture everything you see here was created in nature for free and it's renewable it was for liberty Christ came to set us free everything about God is free and sets free and I love that about his character and it's so beautifully just you know exemplified and shown in nature this is just so freeing and and I love that search where he says come to me all who labor and are heavy-laden and I'll give you rest now you have to ask the question why do we labor and why are we heavy laden it's because of the fall he says take my yoke upon you and we'll use the yolk for that's we attach the oxen or the animals to some device to cultivate the ground and Jesus I don't do things like you follow me around and learn for me my yoke is easy and my burden is light and in this incredible environment this thing that God has created he shows his magnanimous awesome giving generous nature and it is so beautiful in comparison – the man approach of tilling and putting back and constantly being on a treadmill running never getting on top of it all these woodchips just sit here I don't do a thing anytime I choose to plant put a seat until they thrives if I don't use it it just waits for me and and develops you know Richard Richard qualities and in the meantime it doesn't go away it doesn't turn to weeds and it just stays or conversely anything that I do if I don't stay right on it maintain it I lose it you know that I think I'm a slave to it and again it's just this incredible quality of God is just setting us free what I find quite interesting is that the issues we have in agriculture and I'll just list them soil preparation fertilization irrigation weed control pest issues crop rotation pH issues none of those issues exist in nature and what I'm finding at my place none of them exist here either and I feel just so thankful to be set free from that well preparation when you put the woodchips down they never compact they're always soft every year I come out to my garden all I need is my rake and just grade it out make a little move and plant my seeds because the air is always present because it never compacts never have prepared you come to a place where you've got you know we've garden in your garden at the end of the year is all hard again so you're bringing this really nice organic material fertile lot you know manures whatever you know you till them you got this really fluffy nice areata but you're anything you're so happy all what a nice garden you get out into your rake and you plant your pluck comes up as the year progresses and even in the growing season that ground is right back to where you start it's all compacted and hard again and here's what happens I use the example of a fire today to get a fire to go you have to have three ingredients ignition fuel and oxygen in the soil nitrogen is always present that's the igniter when you bring in raw material the fuel and to get it there air follows it all burns up you don't see smoke but it all burns up there's a number of different ways to use a material if you take the raw grindings and mix it in with your soil it'll Rob all the nitrogen out of the soil to rot the wood rot the material so you don't really want to do that so I tilled in these beautiful potato-chip wood colored orange woodchips into my garden last spring and I wasn't too successful my soil test says that I'm way down in nitrogen because I tailed those wood chips in I tied up all the nitrogen in my soil but now I know you never till this stuff you just add to it which was the mistake I made so by getting the faith back and going back to what Paul is talking about me I think this is gonna work because it just is simpler right basically what Suellen needs to survive is the same as uh Andy there needs water and needs food it's a basic principle for all life and so when you take mulch for example which is true in the forest because there's not just one grade like someone didn't go through and sift it and it wasn't always all coarse material or it wasn't all fine material there's all what they have like macro pores so there's all these different air pockets through the soil and so what that does is it keeps the top part of the soil and even further down oxygenate it and so there's that auctions and available the microbes and the earthworms come up into the soil and then they can they can actually deal with that material and break it down normally when people think about mulch they might think about what they call bark nuggets which are just big chunks it has to have different sizes of actual material you have to have small grades you got to have things like needles you got to have things like chips you can't have just one standardized size and expect that to do the same as well I mean if we look at what Paul's got here and I dig down there's probably I don't know how many different sizes of chips all the way down to what the finished product is which is soil or organic material to the point where it's I mean that's what you're going for now if I took and I multiplied this by a couple hundred times and that's what I was using it would break now but it would take a lot longer and the ability right away for it to help out diminishes I started off with alder wood chips which are kind of big potato chip sized chunks of wood this has been here a year and it still it hasn't broken down yet so I don't think this is what Paul is talking about it would have taken too long to break down and the other main thing that they're finding with a lot of different trees grasses plants vegetables compaction levels a true healthy soil is not compacted and when it does get compacted it loses the oxygen like those macropores we were talking about and you get an area where it becomes what they call anaerobic which means the oxygen levels too low for the microorganisms to live we're dealing as I said earlier with compaction here on our farm and certainly were growing root crops to help alleviate that problem what we're also doing is adding wood chips on top knowing that they're gonna break down slowly over time create fines and also work into this compacted soil so it's kind of like a passive tilling almost that's occurring which is a really exciting prospect to think that we don't we don't need the heavy machinery or you know the heavy disturbance we can just keep adding you know it'll work itself out I have used the raw grain deeds and there's a number of people that do this is just keep it on the surface you're basically sheet composting and it's a more of a mulch than a than an additive to your soil I have a tendency to compost between ten months and a year the compost itself once it's composted and then it's a screen material you can use that several different ways you can plant straight in it which is there's a lot of people to do that or you can just leave it at on the surface as a mulch compost is does a lot of wonderful things besides just nutrient benefits in your soil worms and beneficial fungus that's in there you'll just see the plants just just love it fertilization because the compost material over time it rains are you water compost heaves being deposited into the soil so you have a constant input of fertilization going on it's not having a fertilize feature to me is just so amazing and such an incredible gift in this kind of stuff and last year I had such an incredible experience a real rep Latorre time I planted a roll of spinach in the spring and it came up really nice and we enjoyed it and I pulled it out and plant another one it came up the next one came up bigger nicer the one before and then I was getting ready to pull it off and one of my neighbors was talking about this Black's black Spanish radish it was so good so I planted that for her and that came up and she couldn't believe the size and how beautiful that was but I'm looking at this and I'm just contemplating what's going on it says not God talk to me every time I planted in the same row this year each one was bigger a nice little before and I didn't fertilize this is so opposite of what my experience is in gardening whenever I plant something something was taken out and put something back and her in putting nothing back and each planting is bigger and nicer one before you know and I hear him say tune the solar crowd was in Romans 1 says the invisible attributes of God are clearly seen by the things he's made so that no one has an excuse not to know God and so I started taking it in this is about God what invisible attribute are you showing me here he took me to Philippians where it says in my God shall supply all your need not from his riches but according to his riches in Christ Jesus and what he's saying there is that when he gives he makes no deduction he makes no withdrawal he is the same and he says this compost is illustrating and that quality of my character it gives and it gives and it gives and there's no withdrawal there's no negative it just continually gives and that's who I am these leaves are falling down and the idea is they're doing their feeding the soil back so they're done so at this state the chlorophyll is going out of them because they're going dormant they're going to drop these leaves that still have nutrients the reason they're changing color is that green chlorophyll is gone the pigment they drop down in and their feed in that soil and their mulching it by their own I mean we're not coming over here and taking the leaves off at mulching below them and if we go over here or we go out in the floret they're doing the same thing so I mean they've been developed over these eons to do it and so I mean why question them obviously that's what that wants to happen and when you go out and look someone might say well that's not true with grasses you go out and do a grass field let's say the Prairie of the middle but the Midwest there was grasses that were over my head but underneath it was mulch from the grass you know I mean it wasn't just green living grass with nothing out there was mulch to all those blades of grass that broken-down fed the grass there's nobody that goes out there and fertilizes that I mean that's the thing that people I said well you gotta have fertilize you have to fertilize or I mean where if there is no out you're not taking it away you know it's all going back that animals were eating the grass and was still going back so if you can recreate that in the garden it's the same exact thing the leaves come out they do their purpose they go back into the soil it's really simplistic and sometimes the most simplistic things are what people don't like to accept as being the answer whenever you buy fertilizers will be three numbers or three things that they they're analyzing the fertilizer its nitrogen phosphorus and potassium nitrogen what is what gives the green that good vigorous growth the phosphorus is what creates the budding and the flowers and the fruit production and left and the potassium is what gives hardiness and and health and strength to resist disease and all those things are important to be in the soil for the health of the plant chemical fertilizers even though they have the numbers that say they're adequate and these features do not have minerals and so the plants that are growing without minerals don't have those in them so they don't have the nutrient qualities that plants to grow an organic soil to minerals simply aren't there in the soil anymore and so it'll take up what it can get but but it isn't there to be gotten and so and so you end up with a with a fruit or a vegetable or whatever it is that simply isn't as nutritious as it as it once one was when we had more fertile soils just the tork started calcium magnesium potassium iodine those kinds of things the things that aren't fertilized typically you know if as 30 40 percent reduction in what they were getting 50 years ago that's that's pretty alarming which is one helps explain why food doesn't taste as good as it used to it isn't as good as it used it's not as nutritious I always go to that scripture where God says it's good for a man to bear the yoke in his youth God's saying upfront if you're gonna have anything of value got to work for it it says if you if you do it the right way you want to do it early on do the work upfront and if you've done it right over time it'll produce for you this is what I think is so neat about the wood chips in God's Way you see when I came on chemical fertilizers I told the farmer you're gonna have this immediate lush growth and now and they were right but they didn't tell you down the road using these chemical fertilizers that every year you had to use more and more to get the same effect and your ground eventually became sterile when you use the organic approach upfront it's kind of a lot of work to bring in those wood chips because you know it's you got to cover the ground it takes a lot of cover but over time what I found at my place is that you start having this incredible gain um initially put a lot down and you have to you know in a few years you got to put it back again but I'm finding that each time I put a layer on it's a lot longer before I have to do it again because I had this incredible base field and select you have a foundation that's just growing you know getting you know better and better so over time you're getting a higher and higher yield with less and less input which is how it should be because you get older you have less energy and you want to get return for your effort and that's God's Way that's how he how he is I love that scripture in this it says this is do not despise the days of small beginnings you know they're just encouraged to be patient nothing happens of any value quickly things that are value a take time and the beauty of this process is that is that it as time goes on it just becomes more and more valuable so you know if you don't expect miracles at first because it's just take a little bit of time and as you plant things you feel they're not doing as well as you'd like then you can use fertilizers to supplement eventually you won't have to but initially you might and that's okay you use many anyway before this so you can do use them now good organic manures if they're clean or work well but as as it goes you'll find that you won't need to use those fertilizers and you really have an investment that cannot be compared to what the recipe of we're doing in dirt you got horses you get horse manure that's a given not too many constants in life but that's one of them you got to get rid of it okay so what do you do we claim this dollars we take it out we dump it in a pile people want to use it for mulch it has to be kind of a superior product so what we do is we feed Eastern Washington hey it's professionally grown and there's no weeds in it and that's really important because weeds the weed seeds will go from hay will go through a horse's body unhatched undeveloped and come out and you'll get wheat we use fern hemlock shavings so they decompose very rapid as opposed to using cedar which decomposes or doesn't you know very slow and it's so simple even I can do it you just make a pile and then I don't haul anything unless it's at least six months to a year old and our garden up here our experience has been you can plant right in it you know because it's chips and dissolved as well as a manure and so on so we had really good luck that way it would not be good in the garden without being decomposed with something else you know that's a common complaint if you use straight horse manure I'll go get some and show you a sample of it you can see how there's no manure in there it's all decomposed and this is this is gradually rot decomposing off so the same way and as you use it you'll notice that each year the soil gets better you know especially if you like Paul was saying where you putting down a ground-up wood chips type thing and then cover with it it makes a sustainable program it's a it's a recyclable thing and then you of course the vegetables or the or the flowers or whatever you have grow they die for Sprint winter you put more on they couldn't it's just a it's a circle type thing yeah yeah that makes you feel kind of good because eka logically it's pretty darn sound you know our culture is so wasteful and so most people they will get rid of these to get rid of this woodchip stuff get rid of it you you takes to the cut stuff in your yard so one of the things you probably know about Paul now is that any any waste out of his garden goes over into the chicken coop they're in the chicken pan and then they eat it and munch it around and then who and then they he brings that back over here ingress isn't what I think one of the most beneficial parts of a garden is to have chickens around because the eggs are great but you see they deal with all your waste all of your yard waste the expired stuff in the garden my grass clippings any weeds all come to the chickens and those are really nice organic products for them and they eat and whatever they leave over turns into what we're gonna be exposing here in a minute they're out here all day long just kicking you can see all these little grooves in here where they've been digging in and they're excavating their consulate picking seeds out any bug you can I think so they're always very working this material and you're gonna see shortly I'll tell you this is I've never seen pampas so nice this almost is approached this almost approaches topsoil such beautiful stuff anyway I'll just show you how easy to set to get you can just see what beautiful stuff is I look at this just won't compact I mean this is the ultimate topsoil this all this good compost from my yard waste I always say that my um my chickens are my soil manufacturing plant the eggs are just a bonus [Applause] quick somewhere down there there's a soil and that's good you know presumably the soil has been protected and in the meantime has been breaking down and getting a little bit richer with time but this mulch that is on top is basically organic matter and that's one of the things that we're losing out of our soils around the United States is organic matter organic matter is wonderful it's a it holds the moisture up there it's like a sponge it just holds it there and it just sits there the plant can stick a little root here in the water and it sucks it's just like a straw about this big around you know it just comes up real easy and and plus being in contact with that organic matter it's got plenty of minerals plenty of nutrients lots of nitrogen and all that sort of thing it's quite interesting people always asking well why don't your soils like they tested this well I've never tested it I've already seen where I came from it's getting so much better than I've just been really happy with my results but this is really neat to disc tested things we were actually able to see that all this stuff in the soil completely is over the top as far as you know nitrogen phosphorus potassium which is what the plants have always indicated which is nice to see that scientifically this you know meets the criteria it's what it looks like every year in the same place I get a higher and better yield because the compost is being deposited into the soil via rain and water as a compost tea and it's just like that the soil is the bank and it's a rule descriptive like compound interest just gets better and better and better and the beauty is I do nothing irrigation well the rain does great as it doesn't everything out there nature does everything with grain and so it is here now in the summertime when I'm planting seeds out my garden because it's dry on top I'll water initially to get them up once they're up I stopped watering when you go to plant as you pull them aside if they're not wet you want to water because you you know seeds they have to have damp ground up just to sprout in and so this you know whatever status in when you go to plant will indicate whether you need to water now irrigation is isn't is a big issue these days especially with places where there's not much water or places when there's too much although we're in Washington the Evergreen State you know it's known for having lots of water here in the rain shadow of the Olympic Mountains we're getting about 16 to 18 inches of rain a year which is very dry and of course that dry season is is the growing season as well and so you know the importance of efficient water use is just you know at a maximum there are a lot of problems in the irrigation one is that one is that it's a lot cheaper or easier it's a lot easier just to waste water spray the water through the air or dump too much water on the ground and and it'll infiltration it'll sort of disappear and so you're not bothered by it but I think the last thing I heard was that irrigation on the whole is something like 50 percent efficient it's you know about 50 percent of water is getting into crops and and now that water is getting scarce and we're running out of water and the number of places around the world where actually the North China Plain for example lots and lots of those farmers are going out of business every year the idea that we can use wood chips and reduce our water use by 95 to 99 percent is just really exciting that's something that my friend Paul is has proven over the years and something that we're we're doing here as well now even in the short time we've certainly seen water holding capacity and growth attributable to you know the fact that we've heavily mulched you know a lot of our plants you see how it's damp down in here and sees these tomatoes have never been watered and yet won't be watered all summer you can drive a truck on it compact and it just gets better and better and better your have some these tomatoes are starting to get ripe this is what I get so blessed by look at this look how damp this is and this is August and it's gonna stay this way it'll never dry out this is right off the water we're in dirt you won't experience this it's gonna be compacted on top you dig down this dry look at this beautiful material you know I find it's you know quite interesting in my experience you know I'm I have a place here that I have a pond and and I'm I plant my potatoes on there because I'd like to be watered and I find that things around there grows so much better than they do when I water with from the top and I'm realizing that that the in the beginning before the before the flood came there was no rain everything was water with your with water coming up from the ground as a Miss and that is the ideal weight of water it's the ideal I think that um in Psalm 2 talks about a tree that's planted by the rivers of water it brings forth fruit in its season leaf also shall not wither and whatever does shall prosper you ever go along riverbeds or stream beds you see the plants alongside the trees are just huge and lush and just gorgeous and that's the ideal weight of water is to have sub irrigation water coming up underneath and and I think that's so interesting you know in the in the in nature you know the ground it maintains and holds that water so it's always there it's always available to plants on a continuous basis because of the capacity to hold it you know and then watering from the top is so counterproductive in a garden situation because that's just you know not as effective as you know some sub irrigation or the or material that holds water so you don't you just live off the rain the rainwater is a superior water ground water never compares to the benefit of get rain water and if you ever done a garden you see after it rains everything just grows great nothing like when you water neo-soul if you can live on that that's the best you'll find with woodchips the incredible advantages there's no sponge I'll hold water liquid chips I'm amazed that the water holds and for example we live in a place we're just setting that miles down the road as a rain for us it gets 15 feet I'm not saying inches 15 feet of rain water a year you know you walk in the woods before there's no water in your feet isn't it's not spongy it's not that it's damp but it's not soggy and it's amazing those wood chips totally absorb that kind of water quantity another thing that's amazing about wood chips is when there's not enough like it's like it's nothing look at my grass out in the front it's all brown but in the wood chips my orchard it maintains a moisture and here's an incredible thing about God in his design when there's too much water the wood chips displace it and when it's not enough it retains it at that point I have to check out because that's too big for me the idea is with something like what Paul's got going here is you're creating a layer over the soil that can act as almost like a blanket for the soil so that the moisture level and the soil is staying up to the levels it should be if this was blank and there was no mulch nine-ten there's a lot of runoff I mean there's water just normal rain is taking any nutrients that are above and either leaching them away or leaching them down into the soil where this mulch when the rains hitting it it's stopping right there it's slowly working into the soil the microbes and everything the bacteria the earthworms everything that's living under that is protected and then they are slowly decomposing that mulch down into the soil which is the food for the plants you know water is such an important thing we couldn't live without it you know and I think it's quite interesting the ratio and and how it is on the earth 7 5% of the earth is water our bodies have seven high percent water and what I'm finding in my produce and fruit it's 75 percent water and I'm seeing a real connection here and a real balance it was interesting in in plants that are growing in dirt that are irrigated with water they don't have that water content and I've discovered the reason as it we see in dirt because it's compacted and hard roots can't develop like they would like to and so they're pretty compacted and not very spread out but in this environment we there's so much air in the ground it's so porous the roots just spread everywhere and because you have this very large root system it's able to take up all this water I've always said if the amount of water in the ground has nothing to do with what's going into the plant because you could have you know heavy clay ground which is what I have here and I could be watering all day and it's not gonna go on the plant because the ground still compacted there's no root system but in this stuff because the ground is so porous I don't need the water at all because the roots are everywhere drawings it's a wide area they're taking up such a huge amount of water so it doesn't matter about you know how much water's intagram is because their capacity to take up and that's what's so key that's why this finds is such a pleasure but anything I pick you break it off or you bite it and just juice and water just flows out of it you know and that's how it's supposed to be that's really the design and it's just so important for us to be hydrated with our food and to be getting enough water and that's and like I say this stuff you buy in the store this doesn't have that water content oh no it's like I can't even describe it it explodes in your mouth that's it to me you know but everything you suit and see all the water in that it's all about roots you know you got a wire two or three times a week depending on what the temperature is what your soil is and sometimes more if you have sandy soil and Paul never waters never waters it's you know just if you go out there it just blows your mind just you see because the compost holds the water so well on the ground I don't need to irrigate and because I'm not irrigating it just stays totally weed free because when the leaf sees blows in on top of these dry wood chips on the top then you can't germinate and the other nice features when you go to pick vegetables it's not muddy it's not got dirt all over it's totally clean because I wasn't watering and when you walk on it it's nice and dry there's no mud it's just such an incredible benefit not having to irrigate continuously and they notice like we've got started getting some rains all of a sudden zuv the leaves started popping up in places so you see those seeds were here all summer but now they're starting to rain they're gonna come up you know let's take my rake and rake in about it's not a problem they don't have a lot of you know a huge amount and they're very easy to control but it makes such a difference when you don't have to irrigate continuously as far as your eating issues weeds well I have weeds that we've always happened but because the ground is so poor soft and nice I can stick my rake and just drag the rake through and up roots all the weeds or if I have to pull them they pull out really easy it's kind of fun pulling here because it's just I enjoy seeing the great root systems and how nice everything does so it's great I call them salad green for my chickens because they just love it you know this is good organic green some weeds aren't a problem we're in other soils when it's got compacted yeah that really work to get those roots out this stuff days come right out so it's much much easier we I didn't say the weeds come up really good – you have weeds it just it's easy to weed easy to pull the weeds in this once you have a lot of this material super easy to pull these things out it makes your weeding a whole lot easier than what you used to yeah look at all those roots – I'm used to things just breaking right off it's amazing we revolutionize weeding your garden great look at that room so it just makes it such a difference when you I used to get down at the pull weeds and you have to get a tool to get underneath to get the root because they break off the blade go straight down next to anyone and I just simply pull back that no I got pretty much all of it when I used to till this it was just solid weeds blows my mind because just like this is the same space so the same way the same seeds are blowing across here because of the cover I don't have the issue this is one of the reasons why organic food is so expensive because of the incredible labor-intensive weeding operation they have to you know get down and pull as we use it because I can't use herbicides this is a beet bed and highly intensive labor to weed it just to pick out the weeds and thin them because they're all weeds out here we take about four hours per bed three foot by 30-foot carrot or beet bed take about approximately four hours to read I was 4 years in God's face trying to figure out what weeds are all about is what I says how come I have weeds here I've done my best to get on your how come they're here he came back so fast almost scared me since they're not your weeds they blew in for your neighbors that are cultivating they're creating weeds and the seed blew into your place and you'll always have that as long as they do this kind of a thing you know and I love that scripture we're how it says that all of nature groans and travails waiting for the manifestation of the sons of God you see they know we're disconnected and they're trying they're groaning and travailing trying to save the earth because we're just totally disrupting it and and losing it all and I think the answer so beautifully described there in in first John 3 where it says beloved now we are sons of God but it does not appear we shall be but we know that when he appears we shall be like him for we shall see him as he is and everyone who has this hope in himself purifies himself as he is pure I think that's so key because nature is waiting for that day we'll be all like Jesus will get reconnected with God and began taking care of the earth as he intended us to you know occasionally pests will come in nature will defoliate a few trees every now and then but not serious enough that that causes any great losses and nature always overcomes I think if you follow organic principles you're less it's very rarely that you your insect population your negative insect population gets out of control and of course if you can doesn't matter if you spray organically you're still gonna kill beneficials and so beneficial insects so it's it's best to just deal with whatever damage you have in move on George Washington Carver he would ask him how did how to deal with a disease in their tree he would say you don't want to deal with a disease you want to get the tree in good health and vigor and it'll take out their disease I think that's such a a true statement and it's so true about everything and if you'll get a real healthy plant as I have here I don't have any insect problems of a bug bites into my plant he drowns because there's so much water there he just is infused with it and he wants cellulose and fiber so he goes somewhere else to find us stressed you know what I'm dehydrated plan to eat him because he can't either in Miami because it's too much water so if you have a healthy vigorous plant insects not a problem as plants became a weaker because of chemical fertilizers insects began to be very overpowering and would take out huge amounts of planets and so they can't step up to the plate and created insecticides or they didn't take into account was that the Creator designed everything in nature to be overcoming and as these insecticides would come in contact with these insects they would mutate and and developed opposition to it and the next generation those insecticides didn't affect and so it's not a problem so they have to keep improving and strengthening the insecticides what's that has progressed to today is it not the insecticides are so powerful so potent they're killing the plants and so what they've done to solve that problem is now they're using genetically modified organs where they're changing the DNA of the plant and putting the insecticide into the plant I don't know what you know if you're following this but this is not going to end and and if you just you know this amazes me how people you know think these days if if something is in the plant is in the kill insects it certainly can't be beneficial for my body we have to decide if it's acceptable to take any one piece of the puzzle out and it'll work like GMO crops that's my perfect analogy for that you can't take a DNA strand and start pulling pieces out and putting in different chromosomes and expect for that to achieve just one thing oh it's just going to make it resistant to Roundup well guess what when you do that it changed something on the other side it's like a bubble pressing in the bubble it distorts somewhere else so down the road I mean and so I guess what I'm going back to is we have to keep thinking of a holistic approach on any of this you can't just take one piece out and think it's gonna be okay and the mulching idea is just adding something back somewhere you usually learn article that really was got my attention in Japan the typical consumer would go to the store the produce market and pay thirty to fifty percent more with four vegetables with bug bites and the rationale wasn't this food is safe to eat the stuff without bug bites is so poisonous the bug would need it and they're right this is what's so pathetic about our culture we're so cosmically orientated we see a little bug by a little will to the ho it'll touch that that's not good we want this to look pretty good looking stuff we don't realize that those things are all part of nature they happen and you can cut around or you can get rid of it that you know to be so put off by a bug bite and then to create food that's so poisonous so the bugs won't eat and then you eat it is not very smart and not very good for our health my name is Edith and I think living here scream now for 21 year 22 years this is the the most beautiful place so far because you have always that fresh air scream you know and then the mild winter of course the mild winter is also bringing along all the little pests that bother us you know but Paul has found through them mulching you have much less problems with the insect well the thing about pesticides is it you know whenever you use a pesticide whether it's organic or inorganic you're killing a good insects as well as bad for instance when you have a fits the ladybugs coming right after to control them and so my feeling is that I want to kill them I don't want to kill bees and so I'll just live with the past you know for that period of time and it's not a problem prop rotation if you look at nature plants go to seed and the seeds fall on the ground and they do it every year decade after decade since check retention is not a problem but when you've cultivating you have exposed ground you've got to move crops from because ships you'll have disease issues and problems you know I think I got the classic example down here at my pond area was nice a good low wet spot I haven't grown potatoes now sixteen years they're all in the same place and they come out nice and clean every year today we're gonna harvest the potatoes and that's one of my favorite fun things to do because it's such a pleasant you know surface to be on potatoes come out so clean and nice and it's just it's just fun you know and as I'm harvesting I'll also plant and my harvest compliant thing is all done at the same time and it makes it so simple and easy this is wood shavings and horse manure mixed together and it's just guys it's just looked at it is you dig just how beautiful against is yourself this is like you know any any farmer gardener would recognize that this is this is like ultimate gold this is the most beautiful stuff you could ever ever have look at just how soft with my hands I could move it and I just never never compacts it's totally just the best you see that this was last year's seed see how it's hollowed all again inside see the see how much you know well different that looks in that yeah that was a seat I planted last night have you know anything about growing potatoes of you grow potatoes in dirt if you don't rotate them after several years they'll get scabby and that scab will increase to where you can even use a potato this gets so bad but my potatoes down at the pond the girls were here harvesting they're all clean and beautiful no scab and I love it it just makes it so convenient pH issues you know I have over here at like in my herb garden I've got blueberries which everyone knows is very acid loving plant but right next to that can grow Swiss chard or cucumbers or anything else that's alkalyn and it does well too so here I see again all those things that we work so hard to correct soil preparation fertilization irrigation weed control pest issues crop rotation pH issues the nature is just all beautifully done by itself and so I just enjoy having the convenience and it just makes it so much easier the reason people grow their own food because if it's done traditionally it's just a lot of hard work I mean you become a slave I always tell people when you do a garden if you don't stay on top of it turns to weeds and you lose it it's something that requires all your undivided attention so it's very labor intensive and people don't have the time or the energy of the desire to be so tied into something because it's just supposed to be where this is just so opposite it makes it so simple this is why I still want to get this out because you know in the past it's been so hard and so counterproductive and negative we're in Southern California in the South Bay area of Los Angeles Midtown called Palos Verdes Southern California only gets about 13 inches a year even in a normal rainfall year and we've had drought for the last four or five years what we've tried to do is is find interesting California native plants and plant them around the garden as much as possible and then more recently vegetables and see how they do in this area we've basically taken the existing soil which is pretty dry a mixture of Adobe and clay and a little rock and added mulch as much as we can to make it richer certainly we hope that plants will grow more healthily and more readily with less water and so that's kind of an experiment this is actually soil that we've worked a little bit but has lots of hard particles and doesn't work very well for plant roots so definitely getting it more moist and adding some compost on a regular basis is important in Southern California it doesn't get terrifically cold in the winter but it can get quite hot in summer and it's definitely a way to hold in the humidity and to keep the soil from drying out so much during the hot months just recently we learned about a source of covering through the Los Angeles sanitation department they were taking the green recycled clippings and yard waste and those kinds of things and grinding it up and making it available at I think six or seven different sites around the LA basin at different times during the week and just come and pick it up so we've done that a couple of times now and getting big barrels full of free mulch is great and we're just adding it to the garden in different places once we got our plants we we used both seeds and seedlings in 4-inch pots we cleared away the woodchips we had laid down on the original soil just in an area big enough to dig the hole into the existing soil then we put the woodchips back once we gotten the plant established in the hole and surrounded the plant right up to the edge of the stem with the wood mulch there's no climate in which using a mulch isn't a good idea it definitely enhances the soil encourages worms and other beneficial insects and discourages the non beneficial insects we've been pleased with the growth of worms in our garden we have lots more worms just in the last six months because we've been also working on getting our own compost going and that's like a worm farm so it's great to add those to the soil easy to do much easier was going to be I work with middle school students and it's a really good compliment to me to go out and just kind of work with plants and be quiet and enjoy watching them grow certainly I feel that most of my students have never had the experience of planting a tree or a plant and they're very disconnected so I think that's part of the the key and the kind of food that most of the middle school students I see eat is heavily processed without much nutritional value so I feel that schools and communities need to look at that seriously as a health problem as a lifestyle problem and deal with it certainly through garden projects it's one way so that people can potentially create it create a small garden if nothing else it's meditative and kind of a deep satisfaction knowing you've grown some of your own food but there's a long-term need for that and Ron was right the connection to the earth business is just completely lost mm-hmm yeah that's pretty so important it's important to re-establish definitely need to get back to the Garden of Eden hi I'm Diane McCumber hi I'm Hannah McCumber nan mark Lacan Bern we are in Gettysburg Pennsylvania at the back to Eden film demonstration garden when we were asked to maybe help do a demonstration garden we had a slight problem we don't have land we live in town and so we started seeking the Lord and praying we want to be a part of it we want to do it but what do you do if you don't have land and we started the journey the search of asking and it was amazing we had four different people that actually offered his plots of land and one day mark was talking to Jeff Wilson and about we needed land and wood chips we had we needed a provision and we were seeking the Lord and none of the things seemed right there were little glitches with each of them and we kept waiting and listening and it was amazing Jeff said I had learned you can use the churches and that's how we actually got to have the demonstration garden here at a heritage Assembly of God Church when I was talking with Jeff Wilson about he was asking how to do a garden I said well first you need wood chips or a covering and around here there are a lot of wood chips because a lot of tree service companies and a lot of people have trees in the yards and the woods around and the road crews are always cutting the trees for the power line so that's a good source for wood chips and he said well I have a pile of wood chips and I said really maybe we ought to do the garden there he said fine with me so this is where we ended up doing it and he did have a pile of wood chips about two or three years old that they were making a walking path around the property so we got permission and used those wood chips and we laid the garden down getting more wood chips has been a little bit difficult because the tree service companies they're more than happy to deliver them if it's convenient for them and it just so happens that here this site is on the way home of a tree service company so if he's got chips doesn't have another place that wants them if the homeowners don't want them then they drop them off here to lay the garden down the first thing is to go through and dig out all the fizzles and we found even dandelions and goldenrod and things like grapevine can be a problem so if you have those things to dig them out is very helpful and then find a source for some newspaper now we found this source for free newspaper at the local rescue mission gave us all the newspaper that we could that we needed an abundance of newspaper and we laid it out and we were blessed and that it's wetland down there and everything just laid down and that was to kill all the weeds in the grass that was growing underneath in the newspaper we put it down about two to four layers thick and it seems like it really needs to be three or four layers thick and where there wasn't newspaper there were weeds there were weeds coming through and the beauty of it too when we laid the newspaper down Grandma and Grandpa were here and Hannah was here and Sarah and Dana it became a whole community family thing it was of laughter and fun we got a the newspaper down and while somebody held it somebody else would take a wheelbarrow full or back the truck around and just take a fork or a shovel and sprinkle it on the woodchips until we could get get the wood chips on they're heavy enough and once the the light film was on of woodchips then we could put the covering on with four to six inches deep the first year is really best beyond that it's gonna make it difficult for your plants to grow for not being gardeners our first Gardens kind of rather big it's a hundred foot by forty feet and again the Lord just provided a provision for us my bro oh hey what's a cup front-end loader front-end loader and he came and he really helped a lot thanks Steve your hand and when Steve started to dig into them with the front-end loaders then the steam just rose it was like a cool morning of the steam coming off a meadow or lake and it was really nice it was beautiful my eyes to the sky with you we were really blessed again because um all of our seeds were donated to us from Washington State and that was an amazing gift in October a box came from Washington Paul had given some potatoes for seed and Justin had given us a bag full four times I think of garlic and we immediately in the fall planet the potatoes and the garlic typically it would freeze at the depth that it was planted but the wood chips kept it warmer kept it insulated almost every single one of them came up so yeah it worked when we were planting the garden and and and while things were germinating and coming up it was so exciting to see these plants come up because it's like we are going to have a garden full we're gonna have a a produce department full of feet of harvest yeah we're gonna give give vegetables all over the community and as time went on it was a little bit discouraging because things came up and then they stopped growing and I didn't know why so that's when I put the fertilizer on and they grew a little bit more but then they stopped growing and actually went to seed and the reason for that was because I was we were growing in the woodchips instead of in the soil underneath and we can tell in the places in our garden where the plants the roots actually got into the soil versus state and the woodchips because where they got into the soil the plants did remarkably better it didn't take very long before we realized we needed to do some fertilizing one of the organic materials that's the best for nitrogen and and for fertilization with woodchips is dried blood and so we put a couple of seventeen pound bags on at different times and that did remarkable things for the plants the dried blood worked better than anything for organic nitrogen fertilizer as far as this garden I think what we would have done differently would have been just to put about 4 inches and 4 to 6 inches of woodchips down and then Park the chips and plant in the ground beneath the woodchips and that soil really does get prepared pretty quickly by the woodchips it softens the ground up pretty quickly when I moved the woodchips off in one area I just took my finger and I began to dig and in no time I was down to inches really easily and then in the yard just just off the woodchips I started to try to dig and you know and I was you know really stressing my finger to even break the grass let alone break the soil so it makes it really does make a big difference we have a friend that offered they have half an acre between their house and the neighbor's house that it's just empty there's nothing on it at all all they do is mow it so he offered it if we wanted to have a garden there or anyone else wanted to have a garden there I have wood chips delivered there that that would be a site that we could do so we set up another garden there and the first thing we did of course was check for the thistles and it was has been mowed all along and there were no thistles so we put the paper down then we put about two or three inches of mushroom soil and down on top of the paper and then once the mushroom soil was down we put about three or four inches of woodchips somewhat composted wood chips on top of the mushroom soil and then over that a dusting of less than an inch an inch or less of cow manure that had been composted and then that was that was all that we put on that newspaper and then mushroom soil about three or four inches and then three or four inches of woodchips and then just a dusting of an inch or less of cow manure on top of that and when we got done we felt really good about this garden is done correctly it's got the nutrients it's got the soil that it needs and and then three days later we planted seeds and here it is a week later they've all come up everything is is germinated and we have things growing and so Father's Day best father's day of my life we planted the new garden when we planted in that garden we moved the wood chips out of the way we did not plant in the woodchips we planted in the mushroom soil that had the nutrients and used the woodchips as the covering when you plant in the soil and they get big enough then you side dress them with the woodchips so that's what we'll be doing when they get big enough so it's looking really good it's growing really well something that I think it's too and more about that honestly really is about the garden I think it is to take kids back for a generation I do think away from video games away from TV away from sitting take them back into nature because God does display himself in nature you cannot look at his seed and see the miracle something coming out of it we watched as the beans were coming through the ground and the seed was still on the sides and the little green plant was coming out through the middle and we watched it an amazement and you cannot not not have a lesson about God at that moment for a generation just to see God I mean that's why I believe God started out in these in a garden to eat an organic garden and jaan-e-mann side usually my name is Hannah cover and I'm 9 years old I'm Natalie and I'm 7 years old and we are the kids garden Rancho we've learned that ladybug are actually they eat other bugs and they're good for Gardens well what did you find ladybug what's your favorite bug wise ladybugs your favorite bug because what did they do in the garden whoa there she goes and these are bad for Gardens they eat the leaves what I like about this garden is that whatever you're weaving it's very easy to eat all you have to do is just pull it out and it usually just comes out all the roots and everything and we have friends where they had a garden and it wasn't with woodchips or everything and they tilled the soil and stuff and it was really hard to pull their weeds out you hardly could pulled about at all I think that's cool that I could pull the weeds out really easily I wish that all kids children could learn how to do a bargain and teach their children when they I like coming to the garden I like coming to the garden too I like Terry to the garden as well I think that uh before the future I mean absolutely the health benefits of eating what comes out of the garden that it's going to be immeasurable but also I think that times aren't going to get easier they're going to get harder and I really feel like the Lord has released this now worldwide woodchip gardening in order to be able to provide for people that don't have the ability to do traditional gardening they don't have the equipment maybe they don't have the space they don't have the understanding of how to do traditional gardening and you can just lay down some woodchips this year and if it turns out that it's ten years down the road that you need to be able to grow your own food that you need to be able to grow your own food like in the days of the Great Depression then your garden is ready and I really I really feel like that's a major aspect of the Lord releasing this at this time he's he's released it in enough time for people to get things ready that they need to get ready don't have to be in a panic about it but to be intentional about it and to do it some of the spiritual lessons I think that we learned from doing the garden at least that I learned was that God always speaks to you in the garden it's amazing the dialogue and also being patient the garden I think just teaches that amazingly and to trust the Lord in the fullness of time the fullness of time he brings forth his glory his beauty fun lessons like the seeds to trust even when you're planting them one of the first dialogues I felt like the Lord had with me with the seeds was that they might not all germinate but you still plant and just trust him there was beauty in that for me with even just the spiritual connection with that was we live our lives we just plant and he does the rest I think one of the main things that I've learned from the garden always that you know we really did receive a seed from the Lord about woodchip gardening for the covering and was very excited about it and then wanted to just move on it quickly and having to have patience to wait on his timing as to where it's going to be how it's going to be and then you know things coming up he plants the seeds but the things come forth in his time and he's put the seed in us with this and things have come forth only in his time you can't force it and every time have tried to make something happen like getting woodchips or getting a vehicle or equipment to move the woodchips it just you have to wait on the Lord because it's his time and and he made such an emphasis over that that it became so clear that if you're working too hard you know you've stepped out of his his rest so just let him do it he puts the seed it'll come forth I always come back to I love that that I'm statement of Jesus coming to me all you who labor and are heavy-laden I'll give you rest take my yoke upon you and come learn of me my yoke is easy my burden is light and I find that if I'm doing something that's stressing me out and getting a lot of work I realize this is not God this is not how he that does thing and I just I just love my harvesting approaches whenever I get around to it I do it if I don't it's alright I have chickens a little users if it's if it's gone too far and the advantage of harvesting when stuff is fresh in season you're getting the ultimate food value I think it's interesting to how and when God's explaining to us how he provides versus is consider the birds of the field it's you know how they don't toil they don't sweat I provide for them are you not of more value than them and then he says seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness and all these things will be added unto you and we look at all through nature everything in nature is not pressured not under stress and they eat everything fresh in season it's all there for them and they do wonderful we're us you know the most sophisticated of all the creation stress out and we don't eat good food and we buy all this processed stuff and we're thinking like Jesus trying to get our attention consider them pay attention this is how it's supposed to work and I care a lot more for you and it's just what I think is so sad as it God's made such an incredible provision for us he's given us land is given a seed he's given us you know the Sun the rain it's so easy to grow food and it's so natural is what everybody is always done from the beginning a time until the Industrial Revolution so we need to get back to the original do it right ever wonder what's this a long game whispering for the thing that you were meant for but you don't know where to start and you hear me I'm listening to you to trust you you leading Eden is the base to freedom to eat eat Eton is the place to freedom yokas easing your burden is light tell me to lean on you the rest of my life – eating apples the enzymes that cause them to ripen don't happen til seven to ten days before they get ripe so all the apples that you're buying in the store they're picked green and the enzymes aren't there they just don't show up it they look nice they have nice color because they did the nitrogen fix and it it looks good but the enzymes that caused and digests are not present and so when you eat that Apple your body has to go Salvage enzymes somewhere else in the body to digest the thing so instead of this being a nutrition nutritional plus for you it acts as a negative and it's not really good when the Apple falls off the tree it's usually pretty ripe that's what I love about this arrangement the trees are pretty low to the ground the ground is soft when they fall they don't bruise and the other advantages is that you know in harvesting you see when they harvest apples all at once not all apples on this on the same tree or ripe all at once they come out at different times and then some are in more of a shady place so they don't write them as quick so if you pick them all you're gonna get some unripe ones the advantage of coming out at your leisure when they fall off they're always ripe and so you have all the enzymes present the full nutritional about the benefit that was in the apple depending on what it is that you're growing the nutrition comes with the color and that's why you know it's always been you know known to eat a variety of colors and have a rainbow diet and all those kinds of things is because there's different nutrients that are more prevalent with all those different colors but the color doesn't ever come until it's right before it's ready to be picked unfortunately you know the society and the culture that we live in they are picking those things much before that nutrition is there which is why I believe that a lot of the taste is not there the sweetness and the or you know whatever that particular plant is prolific and and I think that's really a big reason why people are not you know big fans of eating vegetables in particular is because of the taste I always say that plants that grow fast are sweet and tender things are grow slow are tough and bitter right so gross stuff out here they grow slow they were tough and bitter now I plant stuff man it's up in a week you know in just three weeks it's just totally huge and beautiful it's just amazing the difference you know I'm not a have been formally educated I don't have a nutritional background but I do have taste buds I notice other people do too when they come to my place I just love to have them sample my food and the response of everybody is that is so sweet and tastes so good this is good these blueberries are really really good and my gut feeling intuitively is that the nutritional value of food is relative to its flavor if it tastes good it is good if it doesn't taste good it's not good and I come back to this good godly we serve God is a good God and he gave all of us a sweet tooth we desire sweet it's just innate he didn't give us that to frustrate us and tells us to be you know put on edge and say you can't have this he gave it to us to satisfy and bless us because he's good and I'm finding but in my garden everything is sweet it is all sweet and it's so pleasing and satisfying and I think I'm just beginning I'm just basically on the edge just approaching how God made food to taste and it's just so wonderful and I just tell you from experience when you eat this I eat this stuff all the time I decided grazing all day long then you just you have this sense of just overall feeling good you have energy you're not stuffed you're not bloated you don't get tired I'm thinking like this is how we're supposed to live this is just right and as a result of eating this live food fresh in season and so I can't you know come from a scientific place to now analyze why this is better than store-bought but I was telling you from how I feel and the flavor and the comments everybody else is courting flavor but I know this is way over the top everything I've been eating is just delicious it's amazing it's packed with flavor it just feels like it's the best food it's so great sweet juicy delicious amazing this is this fennel it's not amazing how sweet it is I mean if you could get that what I have in my yard isn't like that no because look what it's growing young boy its minerals that give flavor to food and all of our soils they are so deficient because of chemical fertilizers because of erosion yeah that minerals are present at this stuff well this is the answer everything it's like over the top awesome what I find it interesting to sit back in the sixties when they would analyze potatoes for example they had large amounts of vitamin A vitamin D all kinds of things that aren't in potatoes today and it's because the soil back then had minerals micronutrients things that God created which aren't and soils today because they're just fed chemicals and the organic materials not going back in and so the soil is deplete from always wonderful things and so the food is and we wonder today you know why we have all these autoimmune diseases and things that weren't even here 50 years ago it's not because our but our bodies forgot how to heal is because our food is not good we're not getting proper nutrition and basically today people are taking supplements because their malnutrition they're not getting their food and God created all this food for our bodies I love Genesis the first chapter and I love the way it starts and God said fruits vegetables seeds and nuts this is what I made for your food it's so good to have these vegetables and the fruits especially the figs that make you feel you don't need a medicine or anything you just feed yourself with good stuff and like it has even a better flavor you know when I have tasted pulse vegetables and like so many people it has a sweeter flavor because it's not under stress it grows with constant moisture yeah and and this is the beautiful thing about it you know you're not only helped to make again a layer of fertile soil for the future generations they have good soil there it's not depleted but you have all so a vegetable that will nourish you and it is published you know many many places when you read the the depleted soil isn't as good so add your little vitamins and tablets forget it if you can do this here this mulching with the whole tree gets you know chipped up that's the only way to go yeah in some rational future people are gonna wake up and say this is not only a good way to eat but it's a healthy healthy way to live and ultimately when you start thinking about quality of life if you got if your kids are healthy and your you got plenty to eat and you're leaving a healthy lifestyle and the rest is just great whatever he wants to do so yeah I think I think this is this has a significant potential to be a big part of the human future good lobule mistake this places the farmers not a pharmacist a home where my family lives were I raised my family and I and I did this intentionally to have a place where they'd have a wonderful place to live work you grow all of our own food and I purposely just because of how God's given me this really wonderful revelation how to grow things and his whole economy isn't giving you receive I've just never been in a position where I wanted to saw anything I just have no desire to and I just have such pleasure in sharing and giving with people because I have such an abundance there's plenty for all of us kind of thing it was just fun for me to watch people just randomly come to my place take things and walk off and you can't even tell they were here and it's just such a wonderful feeling you know this I just love them so much like God because this is his nature to give you know and if we just get connected with him and start doing things his way we have an abundance he provides us with all we need and we have excess to give away and bless other people and it's just a great way to live I love it I heard about this garden today from my friend Marcia breeze and her brother Mitch so we took a notion to come up here and it's been an incredible revelation the gardening techniques are a revelation as as the owner was saying they're so simple so straightforward so profound that many people overlook them gardening with compost not using any water and this is the result is just a a revelation to me immediately in about three hours every every every herb and vegetable that he's grown in this garden is so flavorful so pungent so powerfully flavorful that I haven't tasted anything like it in a very long time certainly not in a supermarket and you don't see it this big in the store this is the elfin garlic this is Italian red thank and I want you to notice when you use it just how moist and nice oh yeah oh it's yeah thank you thank you what I grew that no underneath the trees this is your this is gigantic garlic it's perfect we're amateur gardeners and we're gonna implement this stuff it all tasted but it's just all outrageous it's unbelievable I mean when you drive up that's why I'm put myself in front of this the whole front row of this orchard is these dwarf apple trees with the wood sticking out at the top and it it's just it's magical it looks like it's right out of a movie it looks like I expected Alice in Wonderland to come bopping at any man and say hello and I told my son we're going to see a garden he's he's you know 10 and a half going on 15 and like oh do we have to do that and he just came up to me a little bit ago any said I'm glad we're here Hiep and he thinks it's cool if it passes the test with him it it's okay I've had let's see I've had the I've had a carrot and I've had some cilantro and probably the most shocking thing was the anise it's it's literally sweet at the end of the the stem the stems good which normally it would be very tight and at the end it's it's like eating it's sweet it's amazing so he's turned me into a believer when I was studying sustainability I was looking at what is it that makes wouldn't make a human ecosystem really sustainable and Paul has another besides his farming techniques Paul has another quality that really is ultimately the ultimate sustainable value and and that is he has a big heart and he's generous and he's helpful and he's helping his neighbors out and anybody that comes in here help yourself and that's the sort of attitude if you really want a sustainable human culture that's the kind of attitude that we really ought to be spreading if the human species is ever going to be sustainable it's gonna be because of people like Paul not necessarily because of how he farms but because of his heart Paul is an incredible individual I mean the things that he has been through and what he does and his knowledge about the garden is just absolutely incredible and he sent me quite a few people that have used our products and he not only that he's very honest you know I mean he when he gets when he talks to people it's from his heart it really is and that's one thing I've always admired about him mm-hmm I just think he's an incredibly giving in his knowledge and I love the way that he presents it you know I tend to be a very low-key teacher instructor whatever it is I am with a community garden and I kind of feel like I don't right I'm riding around you know and don't have that the volume and the enthusiasm behind what I say that Paul does and he's just such a gift to all of us who meet him he truly is because of that enthusiasm it's just wonderful I would say Paul's evangelical in both definitions of the word in terms of his religion and in terms of his expressiveness about what he believes both of those things he's an evangelist a garden again God is so there for us he so wants relationship I always thought Matt got God but man the garden for that for his health sake you know get fresh food because it's close kind of there's way more than that it's about relationship and we were out in creation if you're just semi paying attention your hearing and seeing God I love you know Psalm 19 the heavens declare the glory of God and the earth shows his handiwork deign today at her speech and that light show of knowledge and there is no speech nor language of that voice is not heard and I'd love when I'm outside here I just AM amazed at the things God shows me the thing that I discovered about God is that he's a lot like us if you look in Genesis 1 or in the beginning when he created us he said let us make man in our own image after our likeness and if any of you who are artists you know how natural it is for you to want to share your art with the people because you're just really you know that it's good and you're proud of it and you want to show it to people well God is a the ultimate artist he's the the master artist and he's very proud of his artwork he likes to talk about it and I find when I asked some questions about nature he's just as right there yeah and let me tell you this let me show you this is like it's just awesome what I find so interesting about about God's creation nudists so in line with the Word of God because he's the author of both and the and the creation and the word are saying the same thing they're revealing the the beautiful nature of God and showing this handiwork and they are totally synonymous and I love it because whenever I mean I'm hearing from him the Holy Spirit always brings scripture that verifies and validates what he's saying and I know it's been over here in front I love the scripture you know Jeremias has called to me and I will answer you and show you great and mighty things you don't know then the verse in Proverbs I think is just so helpful says trust in Lord your whole heart and he helps us to remember where our heart is it's not here he says and lean not on your own understanding he said do not try to figure it out and in all of your ways and what does all leave out in all of your ways acknowledge God and he'll direct your paths very simply God saying this is listening when you have issues ask me and and trust me in your heart don't try to figure it out and I'll show you what to do when I come out here in the garden I'll you know I'll have issues and stuff all this acid I'll just give you it need an example one day where I was a bunch of people over here and the guy noticed my potatoes over here nice well how come you don't heal your potatoes in a typical garden or farm where you have potatoes because as potatoes grow they expand and will come to the surface and when they surface the light will hit them and turn them green and make some toxic so the farmers have to keep me healing up dirt to keep keeping covered you know look at my potato this is well the first answer that comes to mind is I don't need to but I'm not sure why so would like but I'll go into tonight and I'll ask my mansion I'll get back with you so I go in the house this is not God how come I don't have to buy potatoes and was just so beautiful it was like he took me underground and showed me a potato develop he says wash this potato because the ground below its compacted and it can't move down as it expands because dirt is heavy it falls off the potato and the potato comes to the surface and for that reason they have to keep Hill and dirt over it to keep it covered but are your wood chips because they're light and they're totally Internet mesh together when the potato you know expands of wood chips just lifts and I looked at this anything I love his responses and remember I told you I did this so I would have to show up to work healing potatoes is work I just started laughing yes god you're so awesome I always tell people in that question you know where this will work someplace or you know you know where it may work for you in a small place you couldn't do in a big scale assist or they have questions that you know um they can't fathom is's you know you know what the issue is here you haven't taken to account into account an omnipotent omniscient omnipresent God who holds all things together by the word of his power that's awesome and you take that into account there's no quite there's no issues because and he's demonstrates that love all the creation it's demonstrated it's not like this is hard to do he's showing us in everything in creation how beautifully does it because of his incredible all-powerful all-knowing totally all present kept capability and I love that word he holds everything together by the word of his power awesome God ever wonder why you are never tired of searching oh there's gotta be a better way your hands up and Ray and guide you with me and to Eden freedom to eat Eton is the race we go you burden his life tell me to lean on you the wrist Eton is the place freedom ever wonder what's this long game whispering man yaha but the thing that you do a man for but you don't know where to start father and you hear me I'm listening to you now I'm ready to trust you to lead and guide me somehow you with me and – eating eat Eden is the place the freedom to eat eat Eden is the place to freedom me yoke is easy your burden is light he'll me to lean on you the rest of my life to Eden [Applause]

Forensic Investigators: Samantha Bodsworth | Forensic Documentary | Reel Truth Science



Police found Samantha Bodsworth’s body in a Noosa car park one hour from her hometown of Gympie. The killer thought he’d committed the perfect murder, but a little-known area of forensic science would be his undoing.

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The Body in the Sports Bag – Crime Investigation Australia | Murders Documentary | True Crime



The Body In The Sports Bag explores the disappearance and brutal murder of Sydney teenager, Lyndsay Van Blanken. This chilling episode features detailed re-enactments, interviews with key homicide detectives and heartbreaking accounts from Lyndsay’s family and friends.

Hosted by respected journalist, Steve Liebmann, CIA uncovers the true stories behind these cases through chilling re-enactments and access to the key detectives, family members and witnesses involved.

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Eminem: Behind the Lyrics (FULL DOCUMENTARY)



Rapper, record producer and songwriter Marshall Bruce Mathers III, commonly known as Eminem was born in 1972 in Kansas City, USA. Having sold over 100 million albums worldwide, he is regarded as one of the best selling artists in the world and has been previously ranked as the best selling artist of the 2000’s. Eminem burst on to the US charts in 1999 with a controversial take on the hip hop subgenre, horrorcore. His first major label debut album Slim Shady EP contains a provocative fest of violent, twisted lyrics and is claimed to be written from the perspective of his alter ego Slim Shady. While offending an array of individuals and various other artists named in his album lead him to become one of the biggest starts on the planet. Eminem isn’t just about controversy and shock value. The often misunderstood major talent has given white rappers credibility with his string of Grammy nominations , his critically acclaimed film 8 mile and three multiplatinum studio albums. Aside from Eminem’s musical success, he has continually hit headlines with his turbulent relationship with Kimberley Ann Scott and ongoing legal disputes with his own mother. With an eighth studio album on its way, Eminem continues to take the world by storm. We take an intimate look into the colourful life and career of this bad boy rapper including interviews with industry experts and unseen footage and clips from his most popular hits.

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She has been referred to as one of the most powerful celebrities of our time and has been characterized as one of the most influential people in the world. We are taken on a journey from her humble beginning from St. Michael in Barbados to her becoming the world-class pop icon she is today. Rihanna is the first female artist from Barbados to have won a Grammy Award. She has received dozens of awards, produced songs with Ne-Yo, Stargate, and Timaland, and released six albums, with her seventh “ Unapologetic” due to be released on November 19, 2012. This film takes a look at the life of the singer from the view of the fans, industry experts, and the singer herself as she talks about the heartaches and celebration of being one of the most talked about individuals in the music industry today. We also take a look into her love hate relationship with singer Chris Brown and how this lead to a positive change in her music, while the abuse she experienced lead to a change that would stay with her forever. Including rare archive footage and music videos from a selection of her greatest hits including Pon de Replay, Umbrella, Rude Boy, We Found Love and more, this a must see for any Rihanna fan!

The Man Who Tripled in Size: Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome | Medical Documentary | Reel Truth



Walt Breidigan starts out with flu-like symptoms, but soon becomes dizzy from hypotension. He develops pain in his legs and even gains a hundred pounds in just one day. At first, Walt thinks he is all better after taking diuretics to drain excess fluid in his body, but two years later, his symptoms return. Finally, he finds out that he has a rare capillary disorder called systemic capillary leak syndrome. Young Ashley has been a healthy little girl until shortly after her fourth birthday, when she becomes constantly thirsty. Along with the incessant thirst, she also has to deal with constant trips to the bathroom, double vision, and headaches. It turns out that Ashley has an abnormal growth in her brain called a pineal germinoma.

Every year, millions of Americans fall prey to real-life medical mysteries ailments that go undiagnosed or misdiagnosed for years. Their lives are thrown into turmoil as medical professionals struggle to understand their baffling conditions. Mystery diagnosis tells their stories. Through interviews and dramatic recreations, each medical mystery is recounted in vivid detail. Symptoms emerge, specialists are called in, but still the daily struggle continues. And then one day, because of a patients relentless pursuit of an accurate diagnosis, or a forward thinking doctor, the problem is solved and a true diagnosis given.

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Whitney Houston: We Will Always Love You (FULL DOCUMENTARY)



In this film we pay tribute to one of the worlds most loved and best selling music artists of all time. Whitney Elizabeth Houston first showed the vocal range and star quality at the tender age of 11 where she performed as a soloist in the junior gospel choir, following in the footsteps of her mother Cissy Houston and cousin Dionne Warwick. She was put into the limelight through her modelling career which soon rose her to stardom leading her to what would soon become legendary status in the music world. In this comprehensive biography we talk to artists and industry insiders, revisit some of her most stunning performances and follow her steps to stardom, the height of her diva days mired with peculiar behaviour and drug abuse . News of Whitney Houston’s untimely death shocked fans across the world and will truly be remembered as The Greatest Love of All.

Secret Life Of A Hospital Bed: (Season 1 Episode 13) | Medical Documentary | Reel Truth



At the Great North Children’s Hospital in Newcastle, bed 27 is looking after 12-year-old Patrick, who has come in with lower back pain, as a result of a collision during rugby practice. His mum Andrea is concerned about the recurrent pain in his back and the fact that their GP suggested Patrick could also have a broken rib.

Birmingham’s Day Surgery Unit at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital has just welcomed 67-year-old Janet and her loving husband of 37 years Raymond. Janet is here have an endoscopic procedure that will allow her to be fed straight into her stomach. She is recovering after a recent operation to remove a tumour. Husband Raymond and her day-care bed are with Janet throughout.

Over at the A&E in Newcastle’s Royal Victoria Infirmary, a trauma call has come in. Eighteen-year-old George is rushed in by ambulance with suspected meningitis and an extremely high heart rate. He is a student and away from home, so bed 9 is ready to look after him.

In Birmingham’s Queen Elizabeth Hospital Day Surgery Unit 51-year-old Ann-Marie has come to have a new type of injection to treat her rare blood disease. Having had the condition since she was a baby, she is no stranger to hospitals, and she had her first operation when she was only six weeks old.

Secret Life of a Hospital Bed is a unique 20-part series where across the 60-minute episodes, fixed-rig cameras tell the story of patients who enter four different hospitals across the UK. The hospitals are The Royal Victoria Infirmary in Newcastle, The Queen’s Hospital in Romford, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham and The Great Northern Childrens Hospital in Newcastle. The circumstances, the ailment, the treatment, the length of stay – everything is personal to the individual involved. But the one constant throughout is the bed.

An unprecedented look inside Britain’s hospitals.

With over 150,000 currently in use across the NHS, hospital beds witness the most important moments of our lives. Filmed over five weeks, the series features four hospitals and one of the beds in their units including: A&E, Maternity, Day Surgery and Paediatrics.

Every patient who enters hospital has a different story to tell of how and why they are there. The unique nature of the access means that viewers see the ways in which patients and staff interact, shining a spotlight onto the vital work carried out by the hospitals dedicated staff members, and giving an intimate and heart-warming portrayal of life, death, and everything in-between inside Britain’s hospitals.

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The Girl Who's Covered in Bumps: Cerebrotendineous Xanthomatosis | Medical Documentary | Reel Truth



Holly experiences horrifying pain that coincides with her menstrual cycle, which impact her ability to have children. Doctors are eventually able to diagnose Holly with an extremely rare disease called sciatic endometriosis. Plus, Tina is struggling to keep up in school. Life gets worse when disfiguring growths start to form all over her body. It is finally revealed that Tina is suffering with a rare disease called cerebrotendineous xanthomatosis (CTX).

Every year, millions of Americans fall prey to real-life medical mysteries ailments that go undiagnosed or misdiagnosed for years. Their lives are thrown into turmoil as medical professionals struggle to understand their baffling conditions. Mystery diagnosis tells their stories. Through interviews and dramatic recreations, each medical mystery is recounted in vivid detail. Symptoms emerge, specialists are called in, but still the daily struggle continues. And then one day, because of a patients relentless pursuit of an accurate diagnosis, or a forward thinking doctor, the problem is solved and a true diagnosis given.

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Michael Jackson: Life, Death and Legacy (FULL DOCUMENTARY)



In this film we take an intimate look into life of one of the worlds most successful entertainers of all time, a man dubbed as the King of Pop. Following the recent imprisonment of Jackson’s doctor Conrad Murray for four years for involuntary manslaughter, we are taken on a journey back through the life of Michael Jackson, from his debut on the professional music scene with the Jackson 5 in 1964 to his untimely death in 2009. We capture the highs and lows of the extraordinary life of the man who inspired millions of fans all over the world. It includes contributions from people who worked with Jackson throughout his life as well as from friends, family members and music journalists.

The Woman with the Giant Lump on Her Neck: Paraganglioma | Medical Documentary | Reel Truth



Female bodybuilder Daisy Hill develops a small lump that gradually swells on her neck, shooting pain on one side of her jaw, paralysis of one side of her face, and unusual sweating from her head from a tumour caused by a rare form of an uncommon disorder called paraganglioma. Ever since he was first introduced to solid food, young Tyler Berchielli has been dealing with bowel movements that come only once a month, abdominal pain, a swollen belly, and vomiting from a mild form of Hirschsprung’s Disease.

Every year, millions of Americans fall prey to real-life medical mysteries ailments that go undiagnosed or misdiagnosed for years. Their lives are thrown into turmoil as medical professionals struggle to understand their baffling conditions. Mystery diagnosis tells their stories. Through interviews and dramatic recreations, each medical mystery is recounted in vivid detail. Symptoms emerge, specialists are called in, but still the daily struggle continues. And then one day, because of a patients relentless pursuit of an accurate diagnosis, or a forward thinking doctor, the problem is solved and a true diagnosis given.

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Welcome to Reel Truth the home of amazing documentaries! Here you will find full episode documentaries and documentary series, covering true crime, medical, science and more.

The Burrowers: Animals Underground – Baby Rabbits | Wildlife Documentary | Natural History



In episode 2 of The Burrowers: Animals Underground, Chris Packham reveals how baby rabbits learn to bond and how they must grow up fast in order to take their first steps above the surface. Plus, he investigates how a mole manages to survive almost all of its life underground.

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Welcome to the Natural History Channel, the best place to watch amazing nature documentaries! Here you will find both full episode documentaries and documentary series that feature all your favourite animals, insects and birds!

The Boy Who Gave Birth To His Twin (Parasitic Twin) | Medical Documentary | Reel Truth



The twin was alive, male and sustaining itself parasitically off its brother. Ultimately, it would have killed him. This ‘twin’ is one of the rarest of parasitic twin abnormalities. But battles for survival are waged between all twins in the womb and one is often ‘lost’ along the way. One in eight of us are now believed to have started out life as one of twins – and we may not even know it.

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Secret Life Of A Hospital Bed: (Season 1 Episode 15) | Medical Documentary | Reel Truth



At the Great North Children’s Hospital in Newcastle, 13-year-old Harvey has been shown to bed 27. He was playing badminton at school and, after landing at a funny angle on his right leg, he felt his knee lock and hasn’t been able to bend his leg again. He also happens to be double-jointed and extremely flexible, which may be part of the problem.

Over at the Day Surgery Unit in Birmingham’s Queen Elizabeth Hospital Susan has arrived to have some surgery carried out on her hand. Whilst on holiday she fell and broke her wrist, so now she needs to have an operation that will implant a metal plate in her wrist. She has had to rely a lot on husband Brian since she fell and is desperate to regain her independence.

Secret Life of a Hospital Bed is a unique 20-part series where across the 60-minute episodes, fixed-rig cameras tell the story of patients who enter four different hospitals across the UK. The hospitals are The Royal Victoria Infirmary in Newcastle, The Queen’s Hospital in Romford, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham and The Great Northern Childrens Hospital in Newcastle. The circumstances, the ailment, the treatment, the length of stay – everything is personal to the individual involved. But the one constant throughout is the bed.

An unprecedented look inside Britain’s hospitals.

With over 150,000 currently in use across the NHS, hospital beds witness the most important moments of our lives. Filmed over five weeks, the series features four hospitals and one of the beds in their units including: A&E, Maternity, Day Surgery and Paediatrics.

Every patient who enters hospital has a different story to tell of how and why they are there. The unique nature of the access means that viewers see the ways in which patients and staff interact, shining a spotlight onto the vital work carried out by the hospitals dedicated staff members, and giving an intimate and heart-warming portrayal of life, death, and everything in-between inside Britain’s hospitals.

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► Adventure Ocean Quest – The White Sharks of Guadalupe (FULL Documentary)



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Up to 7 metres of muscle and teeth, packed into an agile and streamlined body that can weigh in at 2250kg – this is the great white shark, one of the most …

Zeitgeist: Addendum (Peter Joseph) | Full Documentary | Reel Truth



Zeitgeist: Addendum was born out of public interest in possible solutions to the cultural issues presented in Zeitgeist: The Movie. Building upon the topics of …

Drug Lords – Wayne Patterson | Full Documentary | True Crime



Police install secret hidden-cameras and listening devices in a Sydney hotel to take down a major cross-border drug syndication run by the Mr Big of Queensland. The head of the syndicate is 49 year old career criminal Wayne Patterson.

Drug Lords is a series that blows the lid off Australia’s biggest-ever Class A Drug Busts. With exclusive, no-holds-barred and unprecedented access to the NSW Police Drug Squad’s criminal archive, Drug Lords provides a pacy inside view of key kingpin takedowns over the past five years. With actual surveillance footage, covert listening devices, secret phone taps and more.

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The Boy With A Tumour For A Face (Gigantiform Cementoma) | Medical Documentary | Reel Truth



Previously denied any medical assistance because he was considered to be cursed by black magic – 5 year old Novemthree travelled to Taiwan for life saving surgery. He left behind a community that turned their back on him as well as certain death. At the charity hospital in Taiwan he received treatment for the rare disease – gigantiform cementoma. A disease that had stolen his childhood and is slowly and painfully taking his life. This unique documentary charts the emotional and medical journey from Novemthree’s departure, through the cutting edge surgical treatment, to his triumphant return to a home, a family, and a future.

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Supersized: 87 Stone, Fat Chance of Work (Episode 2) | Full Documentary | Reel Truth



At 21 stone, Debbie cannot work and, as well as relying on benefits, has her husband as her carer.

Step into the world of the overweight. Their weight affects the way they walk, interact, rest, play, and how they see the world. Some don’t leave home for months. Some don’t have jobs and can’t function without assistance. Others have made a fortune running plus-size brands and dating websites. Explore the reasons they got to where they are, and why the obesity problem continues to get bigger.

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Extreme A&E – Kings College Hospital in London | Medical Documentary | Reel Truth. Science



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Dr. Kevin Fong is back in the UK and at Kings College Hospital, South London to observe the trauma team as they try and save a car crash victim with multiple …

Forensic Investigators: Stephen Dempsey | Forensic Science Documentary | Reel Truth Science



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A routine run on a quiet weekday morning would lead to an incredible discovery and thrust investigators into one of Australia’s most bizarre crimes. For more …

High Profits – Looking For a Last Resort | Marijuana Documentary | Reel Truth. Science



Views:1307|Rating:4.62|View Time:40:6Minutes|Likes:12|Dislikes:1
After suffering a 70/30 vote defeat, Brian and Caitlin look for last resorts to try and put up a final fight in order to keep Breckenridge Cannabis Club downtown.

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#highprofits #legalmarijuana #reeltruthscience

Forensic Investigators: Russell Street | Forensic Science Documentary | Reel Truth Science



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Policewoman Angela Taylor was killed when a car exploded outside Melbourne’s Russell Street police headquarters. What clues were found among the debris?

Forensic Investigators: Milosevic Family | Forensic Science Documentary | Reel Truth Science



Two adults and two children were found in a house in an outer suburb of Canberra. But, there is more to this story as inside the house was evidence that would not only lead investigators to the criminal, but would uncover a secret buried for three years.

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#reeltruthscience

Secret Life Of A Hospital Bed: (Season 1 Episode 14) | Medical Documentary | Reel Truth



Over in Romford’s Queen’s Hospital Maternity Unit, Bed 7 is looking after 28-year-old single mum Shirley who is being assessed after her waters broke in the cafe downstairs. She is keen on having a water birth, but as her labour develops it becomes clear this won’t be possible.

Over at the Day Surgery Unit in Birmingham’s Queen Elizabeth Hospital Carl has arrived to have an operation on his nose. He has been having problems with it for the last year and has already had two investigative operations to find out what is going on. The surgery today will involve the bone being broken and moved to the side.

Secret Life of a Hospital Bed is a unique 20-part series where across the 60-minute episodes, fixed-rig cameras tell the story of patients who enter four different hospitals across the UK. The hospitals are The Royal Victoria Infirmary in Newcastle, The Queen’s Hospital in Romford, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham and The Great Northern Childrens Hospital in Newcastle. The circumstances, the ailment, the treatment, the length of stay – everything is personal to the individual involved. But the one constant throughout is the bed.

An unprecedented look inside Britain’s hospitals.

With over 150,000 currently in use across the NHS, hospital beds witness the most important moments of our lives. Filmed over five weeks, the series features four hospitals and one of the beds in their units including: A&E, Maternity, Day Surgery and Paediatrics.

Every patient who enters hospital has a different story to tell of how and why they are there. The unique nature of the access means that viewers see the ways in which patients and staff interact, shining a spotlight onto the vital work carried out by the hospitals dedicated staff members, and giving an intimate and heart-warming portrayal of life, death, and everything in-between inside Britain’s hospitals.

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Woman Whose Flesh Was Eaten Alive: Pyoderma Gangrenosum | Medical Documentary | Reel Truth Science



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June Pecce is a very active woman but has the shock of her life when she is told that she has been suffering from a rare immune condition called pyoderma gangrenosum. Plus, young Brianna Paige Headings cannot consume much food, so she vomits every time her parents feed her and cries constantly. Can doctors determine what might be the problem?

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#reeltruthscience

Air Ambulance ER: Elderly Couple Have a Car Accident | Hospital Documentary | Reel Truth



The Teeside Air Ambulance helicopter must help an elderly couple who have had a car accident on a notoriously bad road and are now trapped inside their vehicle. Plus, the East Anglian team head to a school where a child has broken her arm on a bouncy castle and is in need of treatment.

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Young Trans & Looking For Love: Transgender Dating | Trans Relationship Documentary | Documental



This transgender documentary follows Devon and Claire as they search for their very own fairy-tale romances. Both Devon and Claire are transgender and have been inspired to find love by the poster boy and girl of the young trans community Arin Andrews and Katie Hill.

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#transgender #arinandrews #katiehill #reeltruth

Idris Elba: King of Speed – Learning How to Rally Drive | Full Documentary | Reel Truth



Idris Elba begins the European leg of his journey to learn all about rallying. He heads to Finland to explore the intense motorsport plus he even gets the opportunity to realise one of his lifelong dreams, learning how to drive a rally car.

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#idriselba #kingofspeed #documentary #reeltruth

The Girl With Half a Face: Parry-Romberg Syndrome | Medical Documentary | Reel Truth



Thirteen-year-old Nichole Beavers suddenly begins to lose her hair in clumps and later develops pain in the right side of her jaw. Plus, after losing an alarming amount of weight, and with the right side of her face starting to sink in, Nichole soon realises that she has a rare disease called Parry-Romberg Syndrome. Also, Kevin Hughes begins to have painful abdominal cramps and diarrhoea that soon disappears. Just when he feels like his old self again, Kevin then becomes unusually dizzy, loses his ability to speak clearly, goes blind, loses his ability to move his eyes, and eventually becomes completely unconscious. It turns out that he has been suffering from a rare autoimmune disease called Bickerstaff Brainstem Encephalitis.

Every year, millions of Americans fall prey to real-life medical mysteries ailments that go undiagnosed or misdiagnosed for years. Their lives are thrown into turmoil as medical professionals struggle to understand their baffling conditions. Mystery diagnosis tells their stories. Through interviews and dramatic recreations, each medical mystery is recounted in vivid detail. Symptoms emerge, specialists are called in, but still the daily struggle continues. And then one day, because of a patients relentless pursuit of an accurate diagnosis, or a forward thinking doctor, the problem is solved and a true diagnosis given.

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Welcome to Reel Truth the home of amazing documentaries! Here you will find full episode documentaries and documentary series, covering true crime, medical, science and more.

Crimes of the Century – Andrea Yates – S01E03 | Full Documentary | True Crime



The 3rd episode of Crimes of the Century delves into the case of Andrea Yates who confessed to drowning her five children in their bathtub. She had been suffering for some time with very severe postpartum depression and postpartum psychosis.

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The Girl With No Bowel: Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome (HPS) | Medical Documentary | Reel Truth



Karen was born with both albinism and blindness but is now suffering with another condition called Crohn’s disease. This disease gives the doctors no choice but to remove her lower intestine and Karen must now use a ostomy bag for the rest of her life. After the surgery to remove her intestine, Karen starts to feel much better but a few years on, she receives news that she has now been diagnosed with a rare genetic disorder called Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome (HPS), which her cousin also suffers with too.

Every year, millions of Americans fall prey to real-life medical mysteries ailments that go undiagnosed or misdiagnosed for years. Their lives are thrown into turmoil as medical professionals struggle to understand their baffling conditions. Mystery diagnosis tells their stories. Through interviews and dramatic recreations, each medical mystery is recounted in vivid detail. Symptoms emerge, specialists are called in, but still the daily struggle continues. And then one day, because of a patients relentless pursuit of an accurate diagnosis, or a forward thinking doctor, the problem is solved and a true diagnosis given.

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Welcome to Reel Truth the home of amazing documentaries! Here you will find full episode documentaries and documentary series, covering true crime, medical, science and more.

Air Ambulance ER: Teenager Gets Trapped Between Two Cars | Medical Documentary | Reel Truth



Air Ambulance ER returns for season 2 to tell even more amazing paramedic stories. Today, in Teeside, the Air Ambulance team head just 4 miles to try and save a teenager called Karl who has been knocked down and trapped between two cars. Plus, the East Anglian Air Ambulance must transfer a 66 year old man who is experiencing serious chest pains to the nearest hospital.

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Crimes of the Century – Unabomber S01E08 | Full Documentary | True Crime



On January 22, 1998, Theodore J. Kaczynski, known as Ted Kaczynski, pleaded guilty to his 17-year reign of bombings that resulted in multiple deaths and injuries originally attributed in the media to the “Unabomber.” This documentary covers the events over the long period it took to catch the Unabomber.

Director Ridley Scott is among the executive producers of “Crimes of the Century,” a documentary series that delves further into a major news event that had far-reaching repercussions. Using Scott’s signature visual style, each episode focuses on one event and presents viewers a virtual scene-of-the-crime vantage point by employing previously unaired footage, plus exclusive interviews with witnesses, victims, and investigators of the crimes.

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Crimes of the Century – Oklahoma City Bombing – S01E05 | Full Documentary | True Crime



On the morning of April 19, 1995, an ex-Army soldier and security guard named Timothy McVeigh parked a rented Ryder truck in front of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in downtown Oklahoma City. He was about to create mass casualties.

Inside the vehicle was a powerful bomb made out of a deadly cocktail of agricultural fertilizer, diesel fuel, and other chemicals. McVeigh got out, locked the door, and headed towards his getaway car. He ignited one timed fuse, then another.

At precisely a.m., the bomb exploded. Here’s the story of the Oklahoma City Bombing.

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Aurora Province: The Treasure of the Philippines



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The Aurora Province is located on the East-Central part of Luzon Island, the main Island of the Philippines. The province of Aurora covers the eastern portion of the Sierra Madre Mountains, hence it is generally mountainous. Its coastline spans 332 kilometres in length. Aurora is a province blessed with an abundance of tourist attractions. It has its share of historical sites such as the home and resthouse of former Phil-ippine President Manuel L. Quezon. The province also has a beautiful Catholic church and several historical markers. Its natural attractions include picturesque waterfalls, lush greenery on mountainsides, and panoramic beaches. Surfing, snorkelling, scuba diving, mountain climb-ing and trekking are only some of the activities you can enjoy in Aurora. The social life is dominated by a mixture of old traditions of the natives and modern arts. So the displeasing dances of former head hunters can be admired as well as the work of highly talented artists of today’s time. The population lives predominantly on farming and skilled crafts. It is conspicuous how engaged scientists work out solutions for an eco-logical lasting way of managing agriculture and to increase the conser-vation management. The influence of Spanish conquerors in Auroras history is still present at many places trough to the architectural style of historic buildings. Also a big Part of the population is Catholic.

for many people groups on earth it is very important to them to preserve their traditions and to treat the beauty of their natural environment as a priceless treasure that it is it is different in Aurora here the traditional and the modern coexist in harmony with one another the Filipino province of Aurora is situated on the east coast of the northern part of the main island about five hours drive from the capital city of Manila it is a small strip of land between the Sierra Madre Mountains and the Pacific Ocean Aurora means pre-dawn light and that is fitting as this is the place the Morning Sun hits the Philippine Islands first Aurora's landscape makes the regional land of contrasts a place of peaceful yet passionate beauty [Applause] the Philippines largest forests are located here about 70% of the region is covered with rainforests and offers refuge for many animals the Philippine deer is one of them as well as a Filipino rhinoceros Berg or hornbill he often suffers the consequences of the destruction of his natural habitat but here in Aurora he finds refuge Aurora is the land of waterfalls the t2 mob a waterfall for example cascades down a 40 meter high cliff face the clear water makes its way down into the valley over other cliffs and around other rocky obstacles in its way in the midst of the wild flora lies the mother waterfall the cool mountain water flowing down its overgrown face fills the crystal-clear pool that is formed at its base it is a welcome salve to our travel weary bones after our long trek to get here hidden deep in the mountain rainforests we discover the spectacular D below Falls this 80 meter high waterfall is located in Dilla Sauk the northernmost community in Aurora primates such as the Filipino macaques call the rainforests their home this one is looking for something edible in the crown of the trees a few guavas are his reward but they don't seem to be quite his taste these small monkeys are also called shrimp eating macaques they like to augment their diet with seafood that they find in the mangrove thickets as he found something sadly not another mikake takes the time to enjoy a banana the others good fortune seems to make our friend a bit sad but he has no choice but to resign himself to just keep on foraging for his next morsel Aurora's vast rainforest has only been partially explored scientists expect to find yet unknown types of plants and animals as they press into unexplored parts of the jungle Arvin see de Moss of the National Museum in Manila is a hepatologist a snake expert he is leading the expedition the oriental whip adder is well camouflaged in the leafy canopy flooded by sunlight but on darker leaves our snake expert spots them very quickly to get the measurements he needs the snake is packed securely our expert assures us that that is not done out of fear this is a completely harmless snake and it's one of those very common forest species of snake you find on top of trees and you seldom find them outside of the forest habitats this is quite common in the parts of the chair mattress in our province but it's also found in other places of the Philippines the mountain streams flow fresh and clear in the direction of the Wyatt valleys the Sierra Madre Mountains dominate Aurora's landscape but there are also broad expanses of cultivated agricultural land a variety of field crops are grown here such as coffee peanuts corn and other vegetables race is an extremely successful crop in Aurora thanks to a well-developed irrigation system the system allows water to be sent to exactly where it is needed when it is needed nature rewards the farmers tedious work of planting the rice plants by hand in this climate the farmers are able to harvest the fields up to twice a year after it is harvested the rice is dried at the side of the road moist rice spoils very quickly after a few hours under the tropical Sun and the grains of rice still in their husks are packed in bags and transported to a modern rice mill the mill is the result of a cooperative effort with the government of South Korea Aurora's agriculture is very diversified fruit grows here in abundance and there are many different kinds papaya avocado or dragon fruit bananas also grow all over the place here there is even an indigenous type the Sabah banana some claim that the sweetest pineapples in the entire Philippines grow right here in these fields extensive coconut plantations produce fruit that are a good 20 percent larger and more heavy than the country average it's no wonder that coconut juice is a favourite thirst quencher in this area this majestic tree is called a millennium tree it is a fig tree belonging to the ficus Bengal iNSYS family they are also referred to as strangulation fig trees in the course of its growth the host tree dies leaving a hollow Center biologists have determined that this tree is between 400 and 600 years old aurorus eastern flank is a 410 kilometer long coastline on the Pacific Ocean the oldest mangroves in the Philippines are found here they provide habitat for a myriad of animals among them the mudskipper for example when the tide goes out the fish come out of their caves to feed on the mud banks the mangrove crabs make their home around the aerial roots of the mangroves these crabs are only 2 centimeters in size and yet pretty courageous as this battle over fallen leaf shows and as is the case so often in life the stronger one takes the prize the ocean reefs along aurora's coast are still completely undisturbed in many places divers and snorkelers glide along in a virtual underwater paradise among an impressive variety of sea life hermit crabs are at home here as well as the giant clam the distant relative of the giant clam is the quarry snail it has become very rare in most places it has been hunted to near-extinction because of its shell in aurora's marine environment to reserve it is still able to flourish in contrast to their relatives on land the new tea breaks or marine slugs are particularly beautiful and exquisitely colored instead of carrying a shell on their backs they carry their breathing apparatus feathery gills sacs the clownfish well-loved thanks to a popular animated film finds his refuge among the poisonous tentacles of the sea anenome our our journey takes us on to the Kasab Sepang Bay where a member of the do McGann tribe demonstrates his fishing skills his name is Francis the small doulica tribe has preserved many of its traditions over the centuries among them is the art of fishing by casting a net unfortunately today he catches nothing and returns to his clan empty-handed Frances lives in the nearby duma got village not far from the community of caseta don in the northern part of aurora the duma gods are half nomads and move their dwelling place according to prevailing conditions and the availability of food when resources run out in one place they move on they will not return to the same place for many years that gives nature sufficient time to regenerate the dual God are a very creative people the spirit is member of the tribe is crafting will serve as an excellent harpoon not in the least bothered by his earlier lack of success fishing Francis repairs his diving goggles our poon in hand he embarks on his next fishing expedition another group of Douma got forages for food in the bushland a bit further inland in the meantime the women prepare the dwellings the Duma got lived mainly from foraging fishing hunting and a little bit of farming they know their natural habitat like the backs of their hands and they are expert marksmen with a bow and arrow the duma cot share the fruit of their hunts everyone in the tribe gets a portion all other work is shared as well this strengthens the social bonds and the sense of community among the members of the tribe meanwhile back in the village Frances teaches the children of the village the traditional method of making fire wrapping a narrow piece of flexible wrought on around a piece of hard wood and pulling it quickly back and forth produces enough heat to ignite the kindling the air cooking planten's a type of cooking banana that is a food staple in Asia and other tropical regions of the world these and other traditions are taught to the children to this day that ensures the survival of their tribal culture the history of Aurora has inspired countless local and international artists to some of their best works weather events out of the distant past or our more recent history there is a good chance that they are reflected in Aurora's works of art archaeological proof of Aurora's settlement by the Duma God and other tribes has existed since the 14th century the first Spanish expedition to the Philippines took place in 1521 the Philippines were conquered less by politics or military force than by evangelization the Franciscan monk Blas Palomino arrived in the coastal city of Butler in 1609 and converted the local farmers fishermen and hunters to Christianity the first church was built in 1611 and dedicated to Saint Luis Obispo who remains the patron saint of the city to this day a dramatic event on December 26 1735 documents the resilience of the inhabitants of bawler this monument to Trumbo Medina stands as an everlasting testimony during the night of that day a tsunami devastated the city some of the people took refuge in the church and miraculously survived others were able to swim to a hill which is still known as Ermita hill the most influential families in Aurora are descendants of those who survived the tsunami they are the ones who rebuilt Balor about five kilometres further inland the church was rebuilt as well out of this dramatic experience the Franciscan monks had it built as if it were to be a fortress during the Filipino Revolution the church was the location of one of the most heroic battles in the history of the Philippines the siege of Balor the survivors were celebrated as heroes in Spain and became famous through the classic film los últimos de filipinas on June 30th 1898 a garrison of 54 Spanish soldiers among them a priest barricaded themselves in the church they anticipated an attack by the Revolutionary Army the capita narrows the Spaniards held their position for three hundred and thirty seven days in spite of illness desertions and death they held a position for their fatherland and refused to believe that the war would end during the time of the siege when they finally surrendered on June 2nd 1899 there were only 35 of them left alive a capito narrows and the inhabitants of Balor granted them safe passage to Spain where they were celebrated as heroes the more than 400 year old church in Balor has survived natural disasters and man-made catastrophes over the centuries in 1939 under the supervision of the country's first lady Dona Otto a kiss on the church was renovated from the ground up and is now protected as a historical National Monument the siege of Balor was one of the longest in modern military history to commemorate all of these historical events Aurora celebrates the Filipino Spanish Day of Friendship every year the festivities are carried out with all military honors and are attended by high-ranking government officials and the Spanish ambassador for one of the celebrations young people paint the sails of these boats with scenes of the siege the colonial occupation of Aurora is commemorated for an entire weekend with cultural events put on by both countries that promotes tolerance and increases the common understanding between the two peoples a triathlon has recently been added to the program the swim bike run is a friendly competition which draws athletes from all over the country following these footprints leads us right to Balor's Museum behind its doors the visitor is presented with the highlights of the local history and culture relics works of art and photographs make up most of the display nemecio diego jr from the National Museum in Manila Illustrated Aurora's wealth of flora for the museum a complete section of the museum is dedicated to the display of Aurora's natural riches right next door the museum has dedicated a display to the Elanco tribe this tribe was nearly wiped out by countless blood feuds even though Modern Life has an ever greater influence on their lifestyle the remaining alone gods still hunt regularly they use improvised animal calls to lure their prey out of hiding their most common prey includes ape deer and wild pigs they hunt with traps Spears or bows and arrows the women of the tribe carry their load as well among other things they gather various fruits and vegetables to augment the tribes diet over the generations they have learned to differentiate between edible and poisonous plants even when they look nearly exactly alike like these two they also take care of the rice harvest they separate the valuable grain from the chaff using heavy wooden poles when an Elan godmen wants to make his interest in a woman known he will try to help her in her work as often as possible in the hope of being able to briefly stroke her hand while they work the illunga are expert climbers and use a special ritand rope to get up into the trees from there they connect strong branches in the Crown's of the trees together using durable rotten lines it takes a lot of practice to develop the skill required to move gracefully among the treetops along this route on highway in this way they are able to cut the wood they need without having to fill the entire tree when the tribal elders tell the children exciting stories they are also passing on the cultural rules of the tribe this ancient teaching method is practiced by many primitive peoples the lung caught have a long history of headhunting before the Spaniards arrived head hunting was quite common among Filipino tribes the along got continued this tradition until far into the 1970s the violence did not even stop at the boundary of one's own family this forced the along got to put distance between themselves and spread out over large areas the performance of the head hunting ritual is a reminder of those violent times in times past the men would have thrown the heads of their enemies to the ground and mocked and ridiculed him only if a man were a successful headhunter would he be allowed to wear the headdress of the hornbill a rhinoceros bird their rituals and festivals are not the only things accompanied by music and dance the illunga danced to everything from the hunt to weddings to death and war the Tagum a dance performed after the hunt shows the aggressive manner with which the along got handled their weapons to this day the women on the other hand reveal a peaceful aspect of the dance one would not expect from the former headhunters music is made with traditional instruments such as the bamboo guitar or zither the bamboo fiddle and the flute the advancement of civilization in the Philippines has not weakened the established tribal culture of the along gods it is carried on to this day the hunters have brought back a wild pig the meat is cooked or grilled and everyone takes part in the meal everyone gets an equal share as almost all Filipinos the peoples of Aurora are very religious and treat all religious people with respect the local people have maintained their ancient beliefs and merged Christianity with them when it came on the scene later today Christians make up the majority in the population as in most of the rest of the country the people of Aurora deny themselves by fasting during the week of Easter on Good Friday the believers carry their Christian icons through the streets of the cities in solemn procession closed only in a skirt of coconut leaves in a crown of leaves some extreme believers begin a long and painful process of self chastisement they beat themselves on the back with whips tipped with sharp bits of wood in addition the skin of their backs is cut open with razor blades to ensure that sufficient blood flows in this attempt to share in the sufferings of Jesus Christ and the blade used on each believer is not always a fresh one Easter Sunday is the climax of the celebrations church services and processions take place throughout the day the local faith healers and many other believers put army lights and talismans in the glass coffin of Santa Chittoor to have it laid at the feet of a statue of Jesus that is supposed to bring good luck during the year until the next procession the coming of the Holy Spirit symbolized by lighting the fire marks the end of the Easter celebrations aurora also cultivates more modern secular forms of art in bawler alone there are several choirs that are renowned far beyond the borders of the province the bells of bawler for example combine beauty with gentle voices only few artists are able to play that wrong Dahlia a 12 strength guitar with such perfection and feeling this group with their skill and the charm of their traditional dress leaves a lasting impression the angklung made from bamboo produces only one note an entire ensemble is required to play a complete song a group like this children's Orchestra for example Aurora's capital city of baller boasts of the oldest Community Theatre in the Philippines the commedia day by layer the pieces performed here deal with typical themes of classic comedia the conflict between Muslims and Christians complex costumes choreography and real weapons play a major role in a very lively theatre productions the comedy gunday autobahn ho deals with an albanian prince who takes part in a tournament to win the hand of a princess the piece was performed for the first time in baller on the 24th of October 1927 the day of the patron saint Raphael the Art Academy in bawler offers youth in education in the arts but it is not the only place for artists and those who would like to become artists can express their passion this is an artist colony on the Decca saladin Bay here creative individuals find display rooms studios and places to work together under the patronage of experienced artists such as Sherwin Gonzales for example developing local artists are helped along their way [Applause] the landscape around aurora is breathtakingly gorgeous it invites the visitor to admire its rugged coastlines and to explore the inland mountains mountain bikes are the right vehicles for that many of the roads in the Sierra Madre Mountains are still mere dirt trails all of the many rivers in Aurora empty into the Pacific Ocean the Sierra Madre Mountains form a useful watershed protecting the back lands from storms and the romantic beaches seem to go on forever heavy surf doesn't come up all the time but seasonally the waves can get up to three meters high it is only natural dat water sports like surfing would be very popular among the younger generation here the numerous beaches offer beginners as well as experts the chance to show what they can do and when the ocean is calm they simply enjoy the pleasant climate in Aurora the Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and astronomical Services Administration or PAGASA which means hope in Filipino maintains one of the two weather radar stations in the country it is a vital link in the Southeast Asian weather forecasting system and provides storm warnings for the more than 7,000 islands of the Philippine archipelago and the surrounding region in addition to the radar the weather station keeps track of cloud formation and temperature development of the ocean water the weather can turn within moments between the Sierra Madre Mountains in the ocean in the best case that results in fantastic waves for the surfers surfing became popular during the American occupation after World War two soldiers from California brought their surfboards along with them according to the locals even Hollywood has been to Aurora Francis Ford Coppola's film crew supposedly shot to napalm attack scenes in the American war film Apocalypse Now as well as the famous scene of the surfing general here according to legend the actors left first surfboards behind on ballers beach today Aurora is one of the bastions of the Filipino surfing scene the number of surfers coming here to find the perfect wave has grown astronomically over the past few years some of the most modern hotels in the country have been built in Aurora to accommodate growing number of tourists ampere Beach is located to the north of baller the dart Pebble Beach is a local insider's tip and only rarely visited by tourists cassie guten is the second oldest city in the province it lies in a natural harbour that was used already by the spaniards to anchor their galleons the bay is protected by the sun ildefonso peninsula the collapse upon beach is located on the northern side of the peninsula someday is fine white sand will certainly attract numerous visitors but for now hardly any tourists find their way to this isolated paradise only one of Aurora Zaid communities is landlocked with no direct access to the ocean so it is no wonder that fishing is the main source of income for about a third of the region's population the fresh catches are taken to the market daily and prepared then and there for final consumption high-quality fish is the rule here most customers buy their fish fresh each day there are not enough refrigeration possibilities in the country to allow for longer storage but the great catches of fish have a dark side to them no nation in the world could equal the wealth the beauty and the biodiversity of our seas but lately our seas have been depleted because of the combination of neglect and abuse made by the fishermen themselves so our seas became repeated and the government has to look for a new source food for our ever-increasing population and this new source is aquaculture or fish farming this aquaculture facility is a government-funded pilot project in the 321 hectare facility one hectare being 10,000 square meters fish are being raised for human consumption with this project and others like it the government hopes to assure a significant increase in fish production in the years to come scientists are working to optimize every step of the process as they go along besides working with enclosed fish ponds tests are being carried out in permanent net facilities in the open waters of the ocean as well some things have already become clearer protected from their natural enemies the fish have a better chance of survival and thanks to regular feeding they grow more quickly in Aurora the importance of the ocean to the human population has been recognized in large areas have been placed under environmental protection that has saved many natural habitats from serious damage where the ocean meets the land mangrove forests have developed over eons of time they form one of the most complex ecosystems on earth the mangroves serve as nurseries for young fish and as habitat for crabs and other shellfish as well as the smallest of life-forms the University of the Philippines carries out regular research projects under the leadership of dr. Miguel fortes the mangroves serve not only as a natural habitat but also as a type of coastal line of defense against the forces of erosion storms and tsunamis if you look at the normal arrangement or sequence of ecosystems deeper area of the coral reefs shallower area of the seekers beds and a shallow West you have the mangroves in terms of dissipation of the impact of waves the coral reefs is the first line of defense among those three and with contribution for the seekers beds the waves are much opt-in you ated and then finally the mangroves so those three really act as one to protect the coast the Aurora State College of Technology Ascot for short is a driving force behind the protection of the ocean it is Aurora's most highly respected Institute of higher learning and works closely with the Institute of Oceanography of the University of the Philippines work is being done in cooperation with other institutions as well to find new methods of using marine biological resources more wisely for example algae are well-suited as animal fodder but also in the production of biodiesel the ocean has already provided us with ingredients that have become a standard part of our diet one example being brown algae extracts used in the production of yoghurt and gummy bears the ocean is a virtually immeasurable source of new elements which are playing an ever-greater role not only in the food industry but also in the pharmaceutical branch that is another reason to invest in the protection and preservation of the world's oceans Aurora has many untapped resources that have never been studied before I think it will open up a big area for for the people in Aurora for the young scientists to tap the Treasuries of their marine environment a multitude of culinary jewels can also be found in Aurora thanks to fresh ingredients from the land and the ocean Aurora's cuisine is simple but authentic homemade dishes are rich in aroma and flavor visitors find culinary delights of a special kind in Aurora's restaurants in salad and Paco for example consists of fern-like leaves dressed with tomatoes and onions adobo is a Filipino delicacy the version made in baller is particularly tasty because it is cooked not only in vinegar but also in coconut milk sometimes fern is added this specialty of aurora's cuisine is known far beyond the borders of the province sumon is a kind of rice pudding the purple colored rice is a special type which grows in the mountains of Aurora Suman has made fresh daily without preservatives it would spoil in a very short time Suman is already very tasty on its own but it can also be combined with other specialties coconut marmalade and peanut butter for example aurorus cultural history is reflected in its traditions and handcrafts they testify to the creativity and active fantasy of its people in every community there are entire businesses built around processing local materials by hand these businesses not only produce additional income but also help retain the artistry of the ancestors the production of basket woven products is particularly widespread rheton is a thin very flexible vine like palm which grows almost everywhere in Aurora robust and lightweight at the same time it is used in artistic hand crafts and for making furniture the flexible rattan can be woven into many different products from simple mats to vases and baskets up to larger pieces of furniture like chairs or tables large areas of land in Aurora are designated to the so called Tree of Life the coconut palm every bit of the coconut is put to use even the rough fibers of the coconut husk are used as filler material for German automobile seats for example but a local industry has also developed around the coconut fiber machines separate the long soft fibers from the more coarse short ones another machine is used to extract even the last fibers from the coconuts in the threshing machine what was a solid shell a moment ago is reduced to nothing more than a pile of fibres coconut rope can be sponge from the fibers and used in other products some are made into flower pots or floor mats by far the greatest portion is used to make Nets buried under a layer of soil for example they keep earthen slopes from eroding for filipino travellers it is customary to buy gifts for those that stayed at home this souvenir shop offers a broad selection of local delicacies and various products such as hats and baskets made from Cebu tongue besides Aurora Sabaton grows in only a few places in the Philippines Sabaton plant belongs to the pandan palme family the work of processing the plant is very intensive the main stem of the leaf is removed and the leaf divided in a single stroke the leaf sections are then cut into thinner strips and the thorny edge removed wrapped into bundles the strips are softening water in cooked to make the leaf fibers available in keeping with tradition the work is done by hand without using modern machinery through cooking the fibers are not only softened they also lose their natural green color the Saba con leaves are dyed in boiling water using various pigments often chemical pigments are still used but ecologically produced organic pigments are finding their way into the production process more and more often after the coloration process is complete the residual dye is rinsed out and the leaves dried on linen for the rest of the day in the past the dried sabaton fibers were woven into products for day-to-day use such as hats or mats in the mean time to demand for natural fibers has grown so dramatically that they fetch high prices on the international market a special process awaits the brightly colored saw Bhutan fibers this dress will have its debut at a very special occasion at the national Moochie Anan Filipinas beauty contest the beauty queen of the Philippines is chosen to complement the typical selection categories such as bathing suits and evening dresses this time the category best in Sabah Tom has been added with a prize for the best designer all over the world efforts are being made to live in harmony with nature while still embracing progress at the same time it looks like these efforts are beginning to work out in Aurora the right conclusions are being drawn from the past the results applied to life in the present with a thoughtful eye toward the future visitors to this small province in the Philippines will have fond memories of their stay for a long time to come its culture and colorful history will continue to touch people and the timeless beauty of Aurora's landscape in nature will amaze future generations as well Aurora is a piece of heaven at the other end of the world you

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