Bride Kidnapping in Kyrgyzstan



In rural Kyrgyzstan men still marry their women the old-fashioned way: by abducting them off the street and forcing them to be their wife. Bride kidnapping is a supposedly ancient custom that’s made a major comeback since the fall of Communism and now accounts for nearly half of all marriages in some parts. We traveled to the Kyrgyz countryside to follow a young groom named Kubanti as he surprised his teenage girlfriend Nazgul with the gift of marriage/kidnapping.

Hosted by Thomas Morton | Originally aired in 2011 on

Watch Sneaking Into North Korea:

Subscribe to VICE:
Check out our full video catalog:
Videos, daily editorial and more:
Like VICE on Facebook:
Follow VICE on Twitter:
Read our tumblr:

[MUSIC PLAYING] ANNOUNCER:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: All right. Hi, it's Thomas. We're in Bishkek. I'm on a Kok Beru horse. That's basically polo, but you
play with a dead goat. It is one of Kyrgystan's
many fine traditions. One of the other traditions, a
little less fun, is kidnapping women and making them
your bride. We're going to go out of Bishkek
up into the hills and see that happen. Kyrgyzstan is a tiny landlocked
country next to China that spent most of the
last century as part of the Soviet Union. Prior to that it was a wild,
tribally ruled Conan land known for it's people's
horsemanship, the mythic hero Manas, and for being
the birthplace of the black plague. The Kyrgyz people celebrated
the end of communism by adopting Islam as the state
religion and getting really into their old national
identity, some parts of which jibed nicely with the modern
times, others of which didn't. BRIDE TO BE:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: Bride kidnapping
is a traditional way of getting married that
supposedly dates back to the horse days. How it works is a guy wants to
marry a girl, he gets a few of his friends together, they grab
the girl off the street, then they drive her back to
his place, and his mom and aunts try to convince her that
marrying their son is the right move– even if he's a total stranger. We'd heard a young east Kyrgyz
villager named Kubanti was in the market for a bride. So we offered up our services
as wedding photographers. KUBANTI:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] [MUSIC PLAYING] UNCLE SULTAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: So far
this is very similar to a Western wedding. You just have all the family
together, favorite uncle kind of holding court at the
table, a lot of food. It's hard to reconcile this
hospitality with the kind of potential violence that's
about to happen. BRIDE TO BE:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: Bride
kidnapping is not a fringe custom. In rural areas, nearly half of
all marriages result this way. BRIDE TO BE:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: And while it's
technically illegal to kidnap your wife, not many Kyrgyz cops
realize this, and even fewer care. BRIDE TO BE:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] FEMALE SPEAKER 1:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] RUSSELL KLEINBACH: There
are two laws that make kidnapping illegal. And even in cases where the
couple love each other. I know a number of
cases where the woman said, I was kidnapped. I loved the man. I wanted to marry him, but I did
not want to be kidnapped because it's very humiliating to
be physically captured and forced into a car. BRIDE TO BE:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] RUSSELL KLEINBACH: The majority
of the police and officials in the country don't
even know it's illegal, or if they do, they believe it's
an old tradition. TYNCHTYK:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] ELMIRA:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] TYNCHTYK:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] ELMIRA:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] TYNCHTYK:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] ELMIRA:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] TYNCHTYK:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] ELMIRA:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] TYNCHTYK:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: Back at Kubanti's
place, the groomsmen pop a final squat to coordinate
the snatch. GROOMSMAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: We're planning
the kidnapping right now. How long have you guys
been planning this? KUBANTI:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: Who's the girl? Is it somebody you've
been friends with? Somebody you know or
is it somebody, like, your family knows? KUBANTI:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] [SCREAMS AND MOANING] THOMAS MORTON: While bride
kidnapping is largely a rural phenomenon, there's
been a spike in cities in recent years. Generally attributed to
the success of Ernest Abdyjaparov's 2007 pro-kidnapping film, Boz Salkyn. ERNEST:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] -[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] -[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] -[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] ERNEST:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] -[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] ERNEST:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] [MUSIC PLAYING] MALE SPEAKER 1:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] RUSSELL KLEINBACH: Spousal
abuse is higher in kidnapped marriages. Divorce rate is higher in
kidnapped marriages. There's a higher percentage of
women who go through that process who wind up rejected
by families and going into prostitution. And suicide rates are higher
among women who are kidnapped. ABDYSHOVA ZYINAGUL:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: With the plan
locked in place and the bridal yurt set up for the reception,
all that was left for Kubanti and his pals was to go
secure the bride. KUBANTI:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] UNCLE SULTAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: Kubanti's uncle
gave the boys one final good luck blessing, and they all
piled into the get-a-wife van. Good luck, guys. GROOMSMAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: We're going to
go to the, I guess the local watering hole, like, literally
watering hole. That's where they've arranged
for the friend of the bride to be to capture her. It's a little animal kingdom
picking off your bride at the watering spot. [MUSIC PLAYING IN FOREIGN
LANGUAGE] KUBANTI:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: I feel OK about
this right now just because this guy evidently knows her. In this case, it's just kind of
a weirder form of popping the question, it feels like. At the same time, it's an
extremely troubling institution. KUBANTI:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] GROOMSMAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] [MUSIC PLAYING IN FOREIGN
LANGUAGE] GROOMSMAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: So this is the
girl's friend who's going to help them lure out the bride. They're negotiating with
her right now. They're just planning
how to do it. GROOMSMAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: They're just
going to grab her? There's not like a blanket
or anything? MALE SPEAKER: No. THOMAS MORTON: OK. Pretty basic. KUBANTI:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: Oh, my god. That got very real in a hurry. NURGUL:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] GROOMSMAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] NURGUL:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] GROOMSMAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] NURGUL:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] GROOMSMAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] NURGUL:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] GROOMSMAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] NURGUL:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] GROOMSMAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] NURGUL:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] KUBANTI:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] GROOMSMAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] [CRYING] FEMALE SPEAKER 2:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: From here on,
it's up to the women in the family to get the girl to put on
the bridal scarf and agree to the wedding, a process
that can go on for hours or even days. FEMALE SPEAKER 2:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: OK. Thank you. This is a very confusing
scene. FEMALE SPEAKER 2:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: I think
the girl has accepted what happened. And I don't know if she was
just putting up resistance because that's what you're
supposed to do, or if she was genuinely freaked out. She's eating cookies now though
and accepted a candy. Which I did too, which I don't
know how I feel about that. FEMALE SPEAKER 2:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] ERNEST:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] FEMALE SPEAKER 2:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: Well, everybody's
all smiles. I hope she likes her groom. [MUSIC PLAYING] THOMAS MORTON: Is this what
a wedding is normally like around here? UNCLE SULTAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: Well, why
do they do that? If the families already know
each other and are fine with it, why the kidnapping? Where does that come from? UNCLE SULTAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] RUSSELL KLEINBACH: In
Kyrgyzstan, tradition stands even above religion, I think,
in terms of importance, and religion above law. The old tradition of Kyrgyzstan
is the Manas Epis. Manasa is the authority. It's a kin to being in the
Midwest according to Bible. If there's a Kyrgyz tradition,
it should be in Manas. Manas is Kyrgyz, Kyrgyz
is Manas. And there's no stories
of kidnapping in that oral tradition. It's a violation of Islam. It's a violation of the law. And it's pretty clear that prior
to the Soviet period, it was very uncommon and was not
an acceptable traditional practice, even though it
happened sometimes. [MUSIC PLAYING IN FOREIGN
LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: God. Today just gets rougher
and rougher. So everything worked out? KUBANTI:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: OK. It looked like she was fighting pretty hard in the van. I'm surprised you aren't,
like, more beat up. KUBANTI:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: Did she know who
she was marrying once she got in the car? Did she know it was you? It could have been any
of those guys, right? KUBANTI:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: It was clear. I mean, you're clearly– Also, you're wearing
the nicest clothes. And you knew her, and you'd
been dating her. So it makes sense. What happens next? Do you have to go
get her family? KUBANTI:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: So the bride's
been napped, sheep's been slaughtered. I guess we're really getting
into the thick of the wedding right now. It kind of occurs to me that compared to American groomsmen. Kyrgyz groomsmen have
a rough job. All anybody ever complains
about having to stage a bachelor party or, you know,
buy gifts, or wear a suit. You don't have to kidnap a
girl or cut open a sheep. God knows what else is
going to happen. So you're the grill
master here? What is that furry part? Is that lungs? GROOMSMAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: Stomach. OK. Could you have gotten
in trouble for this? I mean, if like a policeman or
something had seen you, like, could they have like
stopped you? GROOMSMAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: And then they'd
be fine with it. OK. What's the best part
of the sheep? Those floppy ears– Hey, you. [MUSIC PLAYING] THOMAS MORTON: Once the girl has
finally said yes, the men from the groom's family go over
to the bride's house and tell her parents, sorry, we
kidnapped your daughter. Is that OK? Unsurprisingly, this process
can also take a while. The men bring tons of
gifts and food to smooth things over. So hopefully the bride's family
will think of it less as losing a daughter and more
as gaining a sheep. This is the bride's family–
or bride to be. So evidently they aren't
allowed in yet to see the family. So what's happening right now? Why do you have to wait? UNCLE SULTAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: OK. That was short. [MUSIC PLAYING IN FOREIGN
LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: I'm starting to
get a little suspicious that the bride's family may
have known about this ahead of time. This is a pretty nice spread
to put out on, like, an hour's notice. MALE SPEAKER 3:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] FEMALE SPEAKER 3:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] JEKSHENBEK:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] FEMALE SPEAKER 3:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] JEKSHENBEK:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] FEMALE SPEAKER 3:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] JEKSHENBEK:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] FEMALE SPEAKER 3:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: How are you
feeling about all this? SOIROGUL:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: The custom, the
taking her up off the street, is that how people got married
when you were little? SABIRA:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] [MUSIC PLAYING] THOMAS MORTON: Everyone kept
telling us how old and hallowed the practice of
bride kidnapping was. But if it's not even in Manas,
the country's national epic, how old actually is it? RUSSELL KLEINBACH: If we go back
to the 19th century, when you had tribal groups, they
would go through villages, and they would steal horses,
and cattle, and women. So there is a tradition
of stealing. But it would produce a real
conflict between tribes and was not an acceptable
traditional practice. And all the evidence shows
that kidnapping was on an increase from the latter period
of the Soviet period. And then it continued to
increase at the end of the Soviet period. The Soviets said, first of
all, we're going to stop marriages of young girls before
the age of 15 or so. We're going to now send both
boys and girls to high school and college. We collectivized the wealth so
there's no money for bride price and a dowry. So now the young people
are getting older before they get married. They go off to the university. And they may come back
and say, I found someone I'd like to marry. And the parents say no, we're
arranging a marriage for you in the village. So she might go back to the
university, or he, talk to the boyfriend or girlfriend and
says, is there any legitimate way we can get married against
our parents wishes. You say, well, I will kidnap
you, take you to my home, keep you overnight. Then they will consider you an
unclean girl, and so they will have to let you marry me. And I think strangely enough,
kidnapping is a response to the Soviets bringing about more equality for men and women. UNCLE SULTAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] FEMALE SPEAKER 3:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] UNCLE SULTAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] FEMALE SPEAKER 4:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] JEKSHENBEK:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] FEMALE SPEAKER 4:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] JEKSHENBEK:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] FEMALE SPEAKER 4:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: While we were
busy doing vodka shots with mayonnaise chasers, the local
imam stopped by the wedding yurt to make the marriage
official. Did you know you were about
to get married? NURGUL:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: How do
you feel right now? NURGUL:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: Did you
want to marry him? NURGUL:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: You accepted
this scarf very quickly. Like, why didn't
you fight more? NURGUL:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: You're still
in school, right? Are you going to
finish school? NURGUL:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] IMAM:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] FEMALE SPEAKER 5:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] [MUSIC PLAYING] THOMAS MORTON: Ah. It's got kind of a Western
flair to it. Wow. That's very shiny. The wedding itself
was yesterday. But the celebration is today. I feel we're going to class
ourselves up a little bit. Yeah. Suits here are very
shiny, though. I think this might
be the winner. Minimally shiny, still shiny
enough to go to a wedding in. I think I found my suit. We were really getting into the
spirit of the festivities, which was kind of unsettling
considering we had just seen a girl get abducted
off the street. Yeah. Yeah. This is definitely it. BUBUSARA RYSKULOVA:
[SPEAKING RUSSIAN] THOMAS MORTON:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] UNCLE SULTAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: How
are you doing? Hi. We got some cooking ware
for the bride to be. And then for Uncle Sultan,
we got some smokes. UNCLE SULTAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: Yeah. You're welcome. Very welcome. Everybody's in t-shirts
and jeans. I just bought this suit. OK. Hey. KUBANTI:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: This is for
you and your wife. KUBANTI: Thank you. THOMAS MORTON: Yeah,
of course. Working on the intestines
there. [FOREIGN LANGUAGE]. THOMAS MORTON: Last night we
stayed up late with the bride's family. We drank a lot. We ate probably all
of a sheep. And now we're back to drinking
and eating fried bread. Oh, I'm sorry. [FOREIGN LANGUAGE]. Uncle Sultan brought us into
the yurt, and we kind of suspected this was why. UNCLE SULTAN:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: More vodka. [MUSIC PLAYING] THOMAS MORTON: So right over my
left shoulder is the sheet from their wedding
night, basically. If she's a virgin, she's going
to bleed on the sheet. And then they take it out. And that's proof to everybody. And they hang it. It's kind of weird. You know, everybody put sort
of a premium on virginity. I never really got that shit. But there it is, bride
is a virgin. Double good happiness for
the bride and the groom. [MUSIC PLAYING] SABIRA:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] THOMAS MORTON: Traditionally,
the day after a Kyrgyz wedding, the bride has to prove
yourself to her new family, especially the women. So it's kind of like a hazing,
sort of, almost of women. Still kind of not sure how to
feel about this whole thing. I kind of get the impression
it might be the case of one family not having lost a
daughter so much as another gaining a scullery maid. She seems happy, says
she's happy. NAZGUL:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] SABIRA:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] FEMALE SPEAKER 6:
[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE] [MUSIC PLAYING] THOMAS MORTON: We're not going
to pretend to be experts on Manas or the finer
points of Islam. But for all the justifications
we heard, it seems like the real reason men kidnapped women
in Kyrgyzstan is the same reason they do questionable
stuff anywhere, the same reason a dog
licks its balls– because they can. Which of course, is the
oldest and shittiest reason in the world. Congratulations. [INAUDIBLE]. Thank you. [FOREIGN LANGUAGE]. I appreciate it. [FOREIGN LANGUAGE], thank you. [MUSIC PLAYING IN FOREIGN
LANGUAGE]

WORLD OF BLACK ART – Documentary on African-American Artist



“World of Black Art” takes a mesmerizing journey into the past and present world of African-American artists. This riveting documentary features interviews and commentaries from actress Angela Bassett (How Stella Got Her Groove Back, Rosa Parks Story), Otis Williams (Temptations), renowned fine artists Charles Bibbs, Varnette Honeywood, Jameel Rasheed and Kathleen Wilson who speak on the business of art and the need to preserve black images.

Journey Inside Chernobyl’s Exclusion Zone | Short Film Showcase



Christiaan and Kseniya Welzel ventured into Chernobyl’s exclusion zone on the 27th anniversary of the plant’s nuclear disaster and documented their experience. “Beautiful Ghost: A Filmmaker’s Look at Chernobyl” attempts to capture the location’s eerie beauty and convey the feelings the Welzels felt there. “Yes it’s scary, it’s a little eerie, but at the same time it was very peaceful,” Kseniya says.
30 Years After Chernobyl, Nature Is Thriving:
Footage available exclusively at Dissolve:

Read Christiaan and Kseniya’s behind-the-scenes account:

Footage shot by Christiaan Welzel:

➡ Subscribe:
➡ Get More Short Film Showcase:

About Short Film Showcase:
A curated collection of the most captivating documentary shorts from filmmakers around the world. See more from National Geographic’s Short Film Showcase at

Get More National Geographic:
Official Site:
Facebook:
Twitter:
Instagram:

About National Geographic:
National Geographic is the world’s premium destination for science, exploration, and adventure. Through their world-class scientists, photographers, journalists, and filmmakers, Nat Geo gets you closer to the stories that matter and past the edge of what’s possible.

Journey Inside Chernobyl’s Exclusion Zone | Short Film Showcase

National Geographic

when we first walked into that room the first thing that we picked up was the sound of dripping water you can see it first dripping from the ceiling large puddles accumulated on the floor and there's a sense of fear that comes from that because they tell you that if there's anything you should stay away from do not touch the water there is nothing that is more irritated than the water itself what was some going through my mind is is how did this mask get to those rooms it was really shocked and just to see so many of them because he walked into the room and we didn't know what to expect and you kind of you know he turn around and see of these masks and it was terrifying I think that you'd expect when you create footage like this that you want people to feel somewhat depressed or you want people to feel like that there's a place that time forgot or you even want them to feel sorrow for the people in a subject matter that happened in general and that's not what I'm aiming for I'm actually aiming for the opposite so I want them to find the beauty in the apocalypse I want them to find the beauty in the dilapidated and the derelict I thought the place would feel really sad to me it would feel really eerie I didn't want to have expectations I just wanted to see for myself and have the feelings once I get to the place and once I got there yes it's scary it's a little eerie but at the same time it was very peaceful it was very nature is starting to take back the buildings and I didn't feel that I needed to be sad think bad things have happened but if anything it just seemed very quiet and very peaceful and just yeah nature taken everything back you

Why Four Cowboys Rode Wild Horses 3,000 Miles Across America (Part 1) | Nat Geo Live



Views:|Rating:|View Time:Minutes|Likes:[vid_likes]|Dislikes:[vid_dislikes]
In 2013, filmmaker Ben Master, three of his friends, and 16 wild mustangs journeyed across 3000 miles of some of the most rugged territory in the American West …

The Making of 'An Insignificant Man' – A Radical Documentary on Indian Politics



Directed by two young, independent filmmakers, ‘An Insignificant Man’ is a documentary that follows Arvind Kejriwal, an activist and newcomer to Indian politics, who decided to form a new political party to serve the common man and combat corruption. In a major 2013 election, he challenged the country’s two major political parties with revolutionary, grassroots strategies—and directors Khushboo Ranka and Vinay Shukla followed the campaign from the inside, capturing exclusive, intimate footage of what went down.

On this episode of ‘VICE Talks Film,’ we met up with Ranka and Shukla to talk about how they secured unprecedented access to Kejriwal, what it took to make their film, and how it was received across the globe.

Click here to SUBSCRIBE to VICE Asia:

Connect with VICE Asia:
Check out our full video catalog:
Videos, daily editorial and more:
More videos from the VICE network:
Like VICE Asia on Facebook:
Follow VICE Asia on Twitter:
Follow us on Instagram:

MATEO – Digital Safari (offizielles Video)



Views:246598|Rating:4.54|View Time:3:11Minutes|Likes:303|Dislikes:31
DIGITAL SAFARI
► Jetzt streamen:

Der offizielle Youtube Kanal von MATEO (Culcha Candela).
► Jetzt abonnieren:

► Instagram:
► Facebook:
► Twitter:

Video: I AM JOHANNES

Director: I AM JOHANNES
Script: MATEO & I AM JOHANNES
► 1st AC: Federico Settimelli

Camera: I AM JOHANNES
Best Boy: Henning Schulz
Cut & Colour: I AM JOHANNES
Make Up Artist: Ivana Zoric

Styling: Anita Krizanovic

Model: Sophie Yukiko Mulan

Catering: Kreuzberger Himmel

Setfotos: Leon Hahn

Management: Teresa Piejek

Verlegt bei Meine Neuen Freunde Publishing, We Publish Music GmbH/Hanseatic Musikverlag GmbH und Edition Cuts Are Us/Hanseatic Musikverlag GmbH.
Text und Musik von Matthaeus Jaschik, Timothy Auld, David Mayonga und Benedikt Schöller.
Synths von Timothy Auld und Benedikt Schöller.
Piano von Timothy Auld.
Bass von Bendedikt Schöller.
Produziert von Timothy Auld und Benedikt Schöller.
Aufgenommen von Timothy Auld und Benedikt Schöller.
Gemischt von Benedikt Schöller.
Gemastert von Ludwig Maier.

MNF:
► Kanal abonnieren:
► Instagram:
► Facebook:

(P)+© 2019 MNF. Distributed by The Orchard, a Sony Music Entertainment company.

#mateo #meineneuenfreunde #mnf

apple ging nur beiden tagen an die bevölkerung [Musik] solange bis der algorithmus schweiz so lang bis zu sechs wie mit mir schreibt solange das so bleibt ist die sonne wieder scheint mir bilder ohne gleich und die schreibt obama alles schnuppe sozial ist nun und 11 im internet zu zweit da war innerlich allein das war einfach die zeit für lebst du in meinen teller vor ich weiß nicht ob es dich gibt es weiter das alles nicht das ist nur ein spiel mit [Musik] ok [Musik] ich liebe alles was du von mir zeigen keine ahnung was du auf meinem ipad so lange bis die sonne wieder scheint weiß schon was ich meine die landesteile internetseite telefon dabei immer wenn du schreist neben für zeile alles nur eins geht alles immer noch alleine im online doch alleine immer noch nur in einem telefon ich hab mich verhalten ich halte ob es dich gibt und co das ist nicht nur ein spiel safari ein sprecher von youtube play offs bleibt es bei youtube hey du lädst in meinem telefon ich habe mich verliebt ich weiß wurde wohnt oder ob es dich gibt zwei plätze und fotos das ist alles nicht das ist alles nur ein spiel mit joseph a [Musik]

Museum of the History of Polish Jews – The Building (english version)



Views:13348|Rating:4.43|View Time:3:29Minutes|Likes:31|Dislikes:4
Watch the movie about our building!

Production: Panatofilm
Music: Mikołaj Trzaska
Production Coordinator: Zofia Borysiewicz

***

Subscribe to our channel:
Visit POLIN Museum:
Our Facebook profile:

Check out POLIN Museum’s other channels:
Virtual Shtetl (history and culture of the Polish Jews):
Polish Righteous (stories of Polish Righteous):

Poland was once home to the largest Jewish community in the world the Holocaust left a deep chasm in the history of Polish Jews the Museum of the history of Polish Jews will honor those who died by remembering how they lived it will celebrate the rich civilization created by Polish Jews in the course of a millennium and transmitted to future generations this story extends to all the places in the world where Polish Jews live today my name is grandma hamachi and I am the architect of this building the museum the history of Polish Jews in 2005 the museum was established and an international architectural competition for the museum's buildings lived we need light here a natural radiance to brighten the surroundings and bring out neve tones from the deen baccarat the competition met with enormous interest 250 projects were submitted from 36 countries the Finnish architecture studio lacked Delma and Matt Lamar key architects from the competition construction began in 2009 on the site of the Warsaw Ghetto and Warsaw's pre-war Jewish neighborhood the building faces the monument to the ghetto heroes we created a building full of light the design refers to the thousand years of Jewish presence in Poland a presence that was broken by the Holocaust you see a simple form split by a wide fracture directly opposite the monument the core exhibition is the heart and soul of the museum of the history of Polish Jews eight galleries will present the 1000 year history of Polish Jews the 170,000 square foot building includes an education center temporary galleries conference rooms a children's area and resource center a modern 450 seat auditorium will host the museum's Musical and theatrical programs as well as lectures and conferences the Museum of the history of Polish Jews will be a vibrant educational and cultural center a place of open dialogue it will welcome visitors of all ages and backgrounds poles Jews and visitors from around the world the museum will launch its cultural and educational programming in its new home at the beginning of 2013 you

Alaskan Timelapse – Behind the Scenes | Life Below Zero



Views:|Rating:|View Time:Minutes|Likes:[vid_likes]|Dislikes:[vid_dislikes]
Ever wonder how we capture those beautiful time lapses in Life Below Zero? Go behind the scenes to find out how it’s done! ➡ Subscribe: …

Inside a Home DMT Lab Run by A Chemistry Teacher



Views:|Rating:|View Time:Minutes|Likes:[vid_likes]|Dislikes:[vid_dislikes]
VICE visits a homemade DMT lab in the heart of London and sees how the product is made. Splitting his time between teaching chemistry and making DMT, …

Biological Senescence | Bret Weinstein



Views:33375|Rating:4.93|View Time:6:42Minutes|Likes:2790|Dislikes:39
Is there a cultural analog to biological senescence? Bret Weinstein answers one of his favorite questions submitted by a long time Patreon supporter.

Patreon:

Twitter: @BretWeinstein

Support is also welcome via Paypal:

hey folks Brett here this video is a response to a question submitted by one of my longest standing patreon supporters Kevin Fosse it's an excellent question question is is there a cultural analog to senescence now senescence is a term that is probably not terribly familiar to most of you so I'm going to explain it a little bit and explain why it happens biologically and then we can address Kevin's question so senescence is what we typically refer to as aging it is the tendency of creatures to become less efficient and more vulnerable with age and it's a very interesting process it's when I studied during that in my dissertation work it happens for a reason we have come to understand pretty well evolutionarily the reason is this the genes in our genome have to do multiple jobs they're just simply aren't enough of them to do all of the work necessary to make a self-assembling 30 trillion cell self maintaining organism like ourselves we have something like 20,000 genes in our protein coding genomes those genes may have five different edits on average per gene which gives you something like a hundred thousand different combinations that's not nearly enough to deal with all of the machinery of the 200-plus cell types that we have in our bodies and the long developmental program that puts all of these things in the correct order so it is necessarily true that genes will tend to do more than one thing we call a gene that does more than one thing pleiotropic it is a playa trophy and it means a gene that has multiple functions so the key insight as to what this has to do with the process of senescence comes from one of the great evolutionary biologists of the 20th century guy named George Williams who I knew before his death George Williams reck that pleiotropic effects would very often pull in different directions and that for any gene where the benefit came early in life and the harm came late in life selection would tend to favor the team in spite of the harm and the reason for that is fairly simple the late life effect of that gene will not be experienced by nearly as many individuals as the early life benefit of the gene because many individuals won't survive to experience so the later in life the negative effect happens the less selection is capable of purging it from our genomes this results in genes that have early life benefits and late life harms accumulating in our genomes and creates a tendency for those late life effects to degrade our function over time beginning not at Birth but beginning at the moment of first reproduction for the species that is the usual moment at which individuals in that species begin reproducing so for human beings we don't measure senescence until an individual reaches something like 18 or 20 years of age at which point decline begins to be measurable and it accelerates through the lifespan until there's nobody left so the question is is there a cultural analog to this process of selection of senescence that is driven by selection for early life benefits in spite of late life costs and unfortunately the answer is yes and our economic and political systems are tailor-made to bring it about I believe we are actually seeing a kind of senescence unfold right before our eyes here's the reason our system has a fundamentally competitive nature at its core and ideas that work in the short-term but fail and cause vulnerability in the long term tend to survive in our system because they tend to produce economic benefits so if you engage in the production of some technology that produces benefits for Humanity over the course of several decades and then the harm of that technology manifests over later decades you will have become wealthy in the short term that wealth will have resulted in an increase in your political influence and therefore it will reinforce the belief structures that made it seem like a good idea in the first place even if they delayed costs of whatever modality it is that you introduced into the world far exceed the benefits that initially came from it so the simple fact that the market tends to see those short-term gains and discount the long-term effects until the political structure has already been modified by that success will create a phenomenon that is not just like biological senescence but I would argue is actually the very same process unfolding now how would that manifest for us it would manifest in a system that was incapable of going in Reverse a system that would drive off the cliff rather than recognize that something at its core was awry and leading us into danger so that really couldn't be a better description of where we are we have a system that makes us very comfortable in the short term it provides for our needs and it is liquidating the well-being of the planet at an incredible rate that analytically we know full well cannot continue and yet we do not change course because of the senescence of civilization hey folks if you like this video click like subscribe to the channel and if you feel like supporting the creation of more content like this head on over to my patreon page and sign up at whatever level feels comfortable

HISTORICAL PLACES OF HAITI IN GOOGLE EARTH



Views:41746|Rating:4.56|View Time:4:49Minutes|Likes:185|Dislikes:18
HISTORICAL PLACES OF HAITI IN GOOGLE EARTH
1. NATIONAL PALACE 18°32’34.97″N 72°20’19.95″W
2. FORT LIBERTE 19°40’0.97″N 71°50’23.49″W
3. BICENTENNIAL MONUMENT 18°32’37.96″N 72°20’12.82″W
4. MOUNTAIN PIC LA SELLE (8,793 FEET) 18°21’36.27″N 71°58’28.69″W
5. FORT DELPECHE 18°55’40.14″N 72°32’33.51″W
6. CATHEDRAL OF FORT LIBERTE 19°39’59.66″N 71°50’25.48″W
7. FORT ALEXANDRE 18°28’19.98″N 72°16’3.30″W
8. FORT VALLIERE 19°48’0.80″N 73°22’57.35″W
9. FORT GARI 18°20’49.47″N 72°54’37.80″W
10. CATHEDRAL DU CAP-HAITIEN 19°45’38.91″N 72°12’3.74″W
11. FORT FIN-DU-MONDE 19°16’42.25″N 72°31’1.94″W
12. FORT JACQUES 18°28’27.73″N 72°16’14.66″W
13. FORT 19° 7’21.50″N 72°41’36.75″W
14. CHURCH IN DONDON HAITI 19°31’34.01″N 72°14’30.80″W
15. FORT ILET 18°33’18.36″N 72°21’3.78″W
16. SANS SOUCI PALACE 19°36’14.76″N 72°13’13.21″W
17. SHIP GRAVEYARD 18°33’53.48″N 72°20’57.18″W
18. FORT RIVIERE 19°28’51.38″N 72°10’14.16″W
19. ST.NICOLAS CHURCH 19°48’22.34″N 73°22’40.61″W
20. NOTRE DAME CATHEDRAL RUINS 18°32’57.38″N 72°20’19.26″W
21. FORT DROUET 18°53’51.95″N 72°24’25.10″W
22. FORT DIMANCHE 18°34’7.68″N 72°20’42.38″W
23. CITADELLE LAFERRIERE 19°34’22.31″N 72°14’36.57″W
24. NATIONAL PALACE DUE TO EARTHQUAKE IN 2010

Donkey Sex: The Most Bizarre Tradition



Watch more episodes of The VICE Guide to Sex here:

Having sex with donkeys is a part of growing up for some of the local boys on the northern coast of Colombia. We went to investigate this obscure tradition and foolishly said, “we’ll believe it when we see it.”

Watch more VICE documentaries here:

Subscribe for videos that are actually good:
Check out our full video catalog:
Videos, daily editorial and more:
Like VICE on Facebook:
Follow VICE on Twitter:
Read our tumblr:

[MUSIC PLAYING] RYAN DUFFY: Hey, I'm Ryan
Duffy, and we're here in New York City. We actually just got
back to the States. We spent some time down in
Colombia, where we found out that some of the locals– they fuck donkeys. We're on the Caribbean here
in Cartagena, Colombia. The city basically looks like
it was constructed from the daydreams of frustrated
nine-to-fivers. You can picture some fat guy in
a cubicle going, goddamn, I just wish I was on a beach
somewhere that was more beautiful than any beach I've
ever seen in a city with absolutely beautiful
architecture and filled with gorgeous women. That's Cartagena. [MUSIC PLAYING] RYAN DUFFY: Some of our friends
had been telling us that on the northern coast of
Colombia, people fuck donkeys. Foolishly, we basically
said, we'll believe that when we see it. So we flew down to Cartagena
and figured we'd do some investigating of our own. ANASTASIA MALONEY: It's a
really macho culture. And they really value
the chase here. Colombian men think the chase
is incredibly important. I'm from London. I'm a freelance journalist
here. I've been living here
for five years. And I'm married to
a Colombian. Colombian men think they're the
best dancers in the world because they've never had anyone
to tell them otherwise. People used to talk, and they
used to say, oh, the Costonians are– all they do is party,
they drink, and– the joke was– they fuck donkeys. No one actually said,
I've done it. They'd always said, oh no, my
friends have done it, and it's quite common that you lived on a
farm, you'll see people with their own special donkey. And yes, it's something
that you do. It's totally cultural
and it's normal. It's just a different
way of seeing sex. It's just a different way
of looking at it. RYAN DUFFY: Right. FEMALE SPEAKER:
[SPEAKING SPANISH] FEMALE SPEAKER:
[SPEAKING SPANISH] FEMALE SPEAKER:
[SPEAKING SPANISH] MALE SPEAKER: [SPEAKING SPANISH] MALE SPEAKER: [SPEAKING SPANISH] [MUSIC PLAYING] RYAN DUFFY: We're here in
Turbaco, which is just a little bit outside
of Cartagena. We're getting a tour
of the land from our new friends here. And then we're going to
go see about this donkey fucking thing. So when we got back from
Colombia, we were so freaked out and so totally confused by
what we'd seen and what you're about to see that we felt like
we really had to go see a sex therapist, if only so we didn't
spend the next two weeks of our lives crying
in the fetal position. So we're here in the offices
of Dr. Hani Miletski. She is the author of this book,
which is Understanding Bestiality and Zoophilia. Could you break down what's
bestiality, what's zoophilia? What are the differences
in terms? HANI MILETSKI: There's
really very different things, those two. Bestiality is sex
with animals. That's the act. And zoophilia is more about
feelings, about attraction. When somebody uses "zoophile,"
it's sort of like a sexual orientation in a way, while
bestiality is sort of like using the animal as a form
of masturbation. Bestiality has been going on
throughout history in every culture, basically. In my book, I even mention
an agriculture society in northern Colombia
called Cagaba. And in that society, it is an
ancient pre-Colombian belief. "Adolescent males will not
achieve competence in marriage unless they practice intercourse
with donkeys." [MUSIC PLAYING] RYAN DUFFY: Colombia is very
religious and super Catholic. So a lot of these girls are not
having sex until they're married or whatever it is. All of which is fine, but all
of which leaves our friend over here and various other
14-year-olds with basically a six-year long case
of blue balls. [MUSIC PLAYING] MALE SPEAKER: [SPEAKING SPANISH] MALE SPEAKER: [SPEAKING SPANISH] MALE SPEAKER: [SPEAKING SPANISH] MALE SPEAKER: [SPEAKING SPANISH] MALE SPEAKER: [SPEAKING SPANISH] MALE SPEAKER: [SPEAKING SPANISH] MALE SPEAKER: [SPEAKING SPANISH] FEMALE SPEAKER:
[SPEAKING SPANISH] RYAN DUFFY: What's
with the whole initiation thing, anyway? You're not going to find that
in the States, right? You get initiated together. It's 13-year-old boys and girls
in rec rooms groping each other and it's awkward and
terrible, but they're of the same species. So what's keeping that
from happening here? ANASTASIA MALONEY: There comes
a certain age of 12, 13, 14, and if they hadn't had a sexual
experience, they hadn't had sex, then they're
not a man. I mean, they just can't
go around saying that they're a virgin. RYAN DUFFY: So in junior high,
a lot of credibility is based on how many people you've made
out with and all that stuff. So we're trying to sort out here
which one of these two little guys– both of them are 14– have
fucked more donkeys. MALE SPEAKER: [SPEAKING SPANISH] MALE SPEAKER: [SPEAKING SPANISH] FEMALE SPEAKER:
[SPEAKING SPANISH] MALE SPEAKER: [SPEAKING SPANISH] MALE SPEAKER: [SPEAKING SPANISH] MALE SPEAKER: [SPEAKING SPANISH] MALE SPEAKER: [SPEAKING SPANISH] MALE SPEAKER: [SPEAKING SPANISH] RYAN DUFFY: Oh my god. MALE SPEAKER: [SPEAKING SPANISH] RYAN DUFFY: We heard a lot of
different reasoning from the folks we spoke to down there. And it ran the gamut between
really practical reasons to stuff that we found a little
more far-fetched, like, oh, it enlarges the size
of the penis. HANI MILETSKI: I have heard
that there are other civilizations who believe that
having sex with an animal, specifically donkey– I mean, that's what
I came across– will enlarge penises. Like Muslim countries, fathers
will encourage their sons to have sex with a donkey so that
their penises will grow and that they will learn to
be better lovers. MALE SPEAKER: [SPEAKING SPANISH] RYAN DUFFY: We're about a 35
minute cab ride outside of Cartagena, which is a beautiful
Caribbean city where I'd say– a rough estimate– every other girl is a fucking
10, give or take. And the ugly girls are sevens. And we are here, 35 minutes
from there, and our friend here is going to
fuck a donkey. [MUSIC PLAYING] RYAN DUFFY: So after talking to
all these folks in Turbaco, hearing all their stories,
pretty much thought that we'd heard and seen it all. Little did we know that our
cab driver was so happy to help and eager to share this
part of the culture with us, that we were about to see
a whole lot more. [MUSIC PLAYING] RYAN DUFFY: So Martin took
us out to this field. And the sun was setting and
there were all kinds of trees and a couple little lakes, and
it was quite beautiful. MARTIN: [SPEAKING SPANISH] HANI MILETSKI: What I'm hearing
from people who had sex with animals and then they
want to have sex with humans, how different it is for them– that they're not equipped with
the knowledge of what to do when– they call it "mind
games." That with people you have to play mind games and you
have to figure out what they want, while the animals,
it's like it's right there. And then, if you try
to translate that to humans, it's– humans are a lot more
complicated. On top of the fact that
sometimes it feels different. Especially, I hear from men who
had sex with female dogs that the female dogs
are a lot tighter. And they say, after you had
sex with a female dog, you don't want to have sex
with a woman anymore. MARTIN: [SPEAKING SPANISH] HANI MILETSKI: And even when it
comes to zoophilia, I mean like sexual orientation, there's
different degrees. Somebody may be completely
straight and somebody may be completely gay, but there's all
these different shades in the middle. And I think Martin is somewhere
in the middle, because he has a wife and I'm
assuming he has sex with her, but because he was talking
about, fantasizing about, women, I would assume that
he's not completely zoo. He's somewhere in between. MARTIN: [SPEAKING SPANISH] [MUSIC PLAYING] RYAN DUFFY: So Martin is
back there preparing. He's getting himself
aroused and preparing to fuck the donkey. So he's going to give
us a shout when he's ready to mount. There's nothing good. It's walking behind a tree
to find a– oh no. Oh no. It's like the surprise you knew
was coming and you didn't want to be there. [MUSIC PLAYING] RYAN DUFFY: Really
not into it, man. It's one of those careful what
you ask for situations where I thought it was going to be
really funny, and now I'm so bummed and there's not
enough fucking rum in all of Colombia. We were told a variety
of reasons that this might be happening. We were told it's a
gender role thing. We were told it has to do
with the predominant Catholicism in Colombia. Even an economic reason
was suggested to us. There's a million things. I'm not going to wrap this up
in any tidy package, because it doesn't exist. I watched a man fuck a donkey,
and it probably changed me for the rest of my life. But the reality probably is that
there are probably people fucking animals all over
the fucking place. And it's certainly not
distinctly a Colombian thing. Now I definitely think it's
safe to say that we really have seen it all. Way too damn much, in fact. Even now, back in New York,
everywhere I look, I keep seeing these Colombian
donkeys. [MUSIC PLAYING]

The Power of Listening – An Ancient Practice for Our Future: Leon Berg at TEDxRedondoBeach



Views:|Rating:|View Time:Minutes|Likes:[vid_likes]|Dislikes:[vid_dislikes]
Leon Berg is a founding member of the Ojai Foundation, an educational sanctuary in the Upper Ojai Valley of Southern California. He is a Senior Trainer of the …

India Pakistan Partition Documentary BBC



‘The Day India Burned’ explores the bitter truth of the partition of India in 1947. Pakistan became an Islamic state whereas India became secular. Only way Indians can live peacefully is by promoting communal harmony and sense of brotherhood.

August 1947 the British acquitting India nearly 200 years after they took power one of the largest most ethnically diverse nations in the world has been divided one country will now become to India at Pakistan as a British barrister draws a line on a map a once-peaceful land implodes people are forced out of the villages they have lived in for generations 15 million scrambled to be on the right side of the new border at least 1 million died in the process and it's huge mass of humanity is moving along barefooted no food thirsty with a terrible sight terrible sight communities that have lived together for centuries turn on each other and one of the worst communal massacres of the 20th century I'm so senseless so utterly senseless and yet nothing you can do about it Britain the once great colonial power looks on as India burns handle the Muslims or in the grip of madness Ian's lunacy lunacy you in 1946 British India was largely at peace on the surface there was communal harmony between Hindus Muslims and Sikhs in the same part of the village I remember Hindus and six living side-by-side you know living with us you know not far from where I lived and whenever there was any wedding in the family I remember that Hindus and the six bringing sweet meats you know to my father you know we see an offering and we live very happily very happily in British India the 255 million Hindus were in a majority India's 92 million Muslims were concentrated in the northwest and northeast of the country the six million Sikhs lived mostly in the Punjab one of the richest and most diverse provinces in India Lahore was its ancient capital Lahore was one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the country a center for education and fashion roaded Khan a Muslim had left his village to study law and history at Lajos Forman Christian College Lahore took my breath away lien as it were they differentially you know it when it was a different world it was very liberal very tolerant very progressive institution at the same time Summerland a Hindu was in his final year of school in one of Lajos fashionable suburbs the fashions in Lahore became popular all over Punjab not only in Punjab but in northern India you there was a famous scene in Punjabi that the person who has not seen Lahore has not been born yet you yet to be born in a few months time the piece of this ancient city would be shattered for nearly 200 years Britain ruled over India's three hundred and eighty million people India was the centerpiece of Britain's Empire a source of money and power for the British who were stationed there life had changed little in decades john moores an officer – a Gurkha regiment have been in India for a year we have a hunt and they'd imported these hounds possibly in the twenties or somewhere like that and they used to hunt jackal the tri-zone would come in with a live jackal and release them eventually and then the hunt would take it out and try try chasing them but then you had to have a whole brigade out defending the hunters they would be deployed around over 70 miles for decades Indians had fought to rid themselves of British rule the independence movement had been kept in check by ruthless military force but by 1946 everything had changed World War two had left Britain bankrupt mr. Moors and the other British troops knew that they would be the last we knew that having come through a very expensive World War that the cost of maintaining an army in India following the the Far East war we realized that you know they could miss couldn't be paid for the taxpayer England's in a bad state pretty 46:47 financially but India's independence leaders were divided over what should happen when Britain left the Indian National Congress under its leaders Pandit Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi demanded a single state where all religions would live side-by-side but many Muslims feared living under a Hindu majority even in the middle class homes of Lahore ancient prejudices ran deep at one level they were they had very cordial relations our Muslim neighbors were very good they helped us we helped them but she Hindus headache curious inhibitions my mother's actually she didn't allow any Muslim to enter her kitchen any cook thing from a Muslim room was not allowed to enter the kitchen when she was eating she would not allow a Muslim neighbor the lady to touch her so such inhibitions and customs they they kept us apart in Lahore Szold City Muslims were forbidden from drinking from the same taps as hippies the who rode in a Muslim was a champion wrestler from the old city park you see Logan laganja pawnee pin lisanna kuchibiru pani groggy cookies and even family OS upon him innocent beyond a canonical at little me in other CC royalty were so far lessons or gentlemen about him also Nagano rule here Trapani pond the hitter he as a pond eating later or true stories are new to some Natasha's Hindu the Muslims were not getting enough jobs education they were not so education they envied Hindus who had the best of jobs and they always wanted that's why this slogan of a Muslim homeland became very popular among Muslims Muslim fears that Hindus were dominated independent India drove the demand for a separate Muslim homeland it was championed principally by one man a seventy year old British educated barrister Muhammad Ali Jinnah his Muslim League demanded the division of India into – one country for the Hindus and Sikhs and another for the Muslims once the British leave and there will be a democratic form of government you see you know but in a democratic form of common the Hindus will always be in a minority and the Muslim will always be in a minority we have no chance our minority will never be transformed into a majority you know and the Hindu majority will always remain a permanent majority therefore we have no chance Pandit Nehru the leader of Congress toured the country arguing the case for a united India the whole idea that that India should be divided was based on a fantastic notion that religion constitutes nationality Lanta sagal lived with her uncle pandit nehru while I was growing up the entire national movement which had cut across religion region cast glass sex you know it had been a truly unifying experience so for a person like me it was it was an absurd idea that India should be divided made no sense of any kind clouds gather over similar for the opening of Lord wavers conference with the Indian leaders in March 1946 a British government delegation the Cabinet mission arrived to negotiate between Congress and the league this was supposed to be the breakthrough conference where a deal would be struck leading to an independent India and it narrow who calls for an Indian Republic is accused by the League of working for domination over the Muslim minority Jinnah did compromise at his demand for a separate Muslim state he accepted a united India if it had weak central powers but narrow a socialist and believer in a strong central state refused any such concessions to the Muslim League mr. Jinnah the Muslim leader holds fast to Pakistan and it reported that his maximum concessions were regarded by Congress as inadequate at any rate the fateful conference at similar following the preliminary work in Delhi has ended in fed Calcutta a stronghold of the Muslim League August the 16th 1946 with the collapse of negotiations Jinna called for direct action thousands of Muslims gathered in the center of the city to demand a separate homeland Pakistan as the crowds dispersed the more radical elements headed for the Hindu parts of the city I was thinking of going out for a stroll and then all of a sudden I found some Muslim hoodlums they came out shouted Nara athomie Allahu Akbar Allah is the great mosque local gangsters hijacked the demonstration they whipped up the mob and it turned violent then I found that cat neighbor who had come out to see what was happening his head was cracked and they bleeding so I thought that going out it would be absolutely foolhardy then these boys they started hitting the doors and they said that we will not spare any Hindu as the city erupted in communal violence Muslims slaughter of Hindus turned to hindu slaughter of muslims shankar gosh was covering the riots for a calcutta newspaper a jewelry shop was surrounded by a crowd armed with iron rods an elderly employee she was already half dead in fear he came with his folded hands like this but this furious mob they had no time to hear what he wanted to say say I think boy of 14 or 15 just pulled his leg as he came out and demand fell down and someone hit him on the head with an iron rod I think that one blow had finished him around 5,000 people were killed in three days of rioting but the British with one eye on leaving India and fearful of being overrun ordered the troops to stay in their barracks until it was too late we had absolute faith in British Authority we had absolute faith in the peace that British had given us for three days there was no sign of authority on the streets and it was anybody who could murder anybody the Calcutta killings shattered the hope of the British that they could get out of India quietly and peacefully with religious hatred and suspicion growing the dream of United India seemed to be falling apart Prem Chopra was a young reporter for All India Radio at the time of the riots until then there was still the possibility that there could be an undivided India that impression evaporated in the heat of water scream what came to be known as the great Calcutta killings once that impact spread through the rest of the country the hope that India could remain undivided began to vanish after Calcutta the violence spread in Bihar Hindus largely massacred Muslims in okely in Bengal it was Hindus who were mostly under attack with British power waning India was in danger of falling apart in the chaos of communal violence one man thought he could bring the country together and maintain the dream of a united India Mahatma Gandhi Ashoka Gupta was one of Gandhi's disciples after the rash Gandhiji's attitude war that yes same people born in the same country brought up in the same country we have believed in them community living whether you follow this faith or that faith it doesn't matter is the humanity which concerns Gandhi spent the first months of 1947 walking through the villages of naka Lee holding prayer meetings trying to bring Hindus and Muslims together Ashoka Gupta went with him can he walk from one village to another and why he walked he sang he rested in a Muslim house then he rested in 1812 but the great pacifist and campaigner for independence was hardly the unifying figure he wanted to be generally the prayer meetings the non non Hindus were absent Schalke ghost reported the story for his Calcutta newspaper the bosoms were not keen to come to him were not keen to listen to him and before that DG went on his morning trip from one village to another they used to define the path spread thorns bones such on this road an advance party had to be sent because he was in luckily he was not wearing any shoes he was away working barefoot Gandhi had always opposed constitutional concessions to Muslims for many of them he represented Hindu supremacy mr. Gandhi did not appeal to the Muslims you know he failed to win the hearts and minds of the Muslims of India the way he used to talk about politics and his language his is it was foreign it did not appeal to Muslims at all no but he he used to be practically you know naked he used to have one arm on the shoulder of one girl and he should have another arm on the shoulder of another and the Hindus thought he was essential Gandhi's dream of a united India seemed to be collapsing he was a sad man I think nobody was listening to him he was considered to be an incorrigible idle idealist who has no connection with reality in February 1947 the British government made a dramatic declaration they would definitely leave India by June 1948 but there was still no agreement on how to give India to the Indians with chaos spreading they decided on a radical solution to appoint a new Viceroy the scene is Northolt airfield the occasion the departure of Lord Mountbatten of Burma who was leaving for India with his wife before the new Viceroy there lay the task of holding office for the brief but obviously difficult period of just over a year until the date when Indians are to take full control of India everyone in Britain I'm certain wishes the Viceroy all possible success in India I was in school and they said you'll miss the last term of school um and we're taking you out in the middle of this term because dad has been appointed Viceroy of India and so we're going out for probably a couple of years and you know thought we'd take you as well because you can be useful in March 1947 Mountbatten arrived in India former supreme Allied commander of Southeast Asia had a reputation for being a decisive leader a man who could knock heads together his brief was simple to get a deal and get Britain out before India imploded the swearing in of course was a very great ceremony in the Durbar Hall and so trumpeters and all the staff in that full dress uniform my father in full dress uniform my mother in a long white dress and I think I sort laurel wreaths in her hair and they looked like film stars the Viceroy his wife Arduino the Vice green and their daughter Pamela moved into viceroys house in New Delhi with its staff of 5,000 in vice rice has there were indoor gardeners now the indoor gardeners just arranged the flowers and of Oz's and changed the water no 25 offers indoor gardens there was one man who spent his entire time with a seal that bore the British crown stamping the butter pants and there was another unfortunate man known as the chicken plucker who did nothing else so the scale was so amazing Narendra Singh Sorella was to become Mountbatten's aide the camp his personal assistant among other things his job was to assist on tiger hunts normal regimen was very articulate man and he used to plan ahead what is good to do and and he would carry it through ruthlessly despite the formalities of life advice Royce house while baton seemed like a new breed of Viceroy Buster for his background helped him because everybody knew that he was cousin of the king it was still he was he acted without any airs and I think that impressed unions because otherwise throw his chapter you know there's a upper lip and that sort of see and I think that helped to impress people well the first thing that was different with my father and mother was that when they were entertaining I mean they were in India they invited Indians which had never happened before I mean yes of course Indian Prince's what were I entertained but the ordinary Indian ministers and lawyers and doctors or whoever had never been invited so there that was quite a new thing on the personal level Dickie was a very charming very handsome very lovable person who met one very informally and you know when one was very young and rather nervous in front of important people he could put one at once ease he was awfully sweet while battens first task was to meet the Indian leaders Mahatma Gandhi and Pandit Nehru for Congress a Muhammad Ali Jinnah for the Muslim League he hoped his more informal style would give him greater success than his stuffier predecessors they they sat away from the desks in armchairs and what offered refreshments of some kind and he would you know he would say well now before you put me in the picture politically and in the state of India do tell me a bit about yourself it was a technique that worked with Nehru the two would become lifelong friends but it totally failed with Jinnah he came out of the meeting afterwards and said to his aides my goodness he was cold cold as ice there were now constant negotiations as a divided India became a real possibility the political tensions of the centre filtered down to the local level and the Punjab was worst-affected the province was one of the wealthiest in India Hindus Muslims and Sikhs who claimed it as their own the Punjab was home to most of India's six million Sikhs the location of the most holy site the Golden Temple the Sikhs great fear was that if India was divided the Punjab with its Muslim majority would end up in Pakistan for Sikhs it was unthinkable that they would be ruled by the Muslims historically their enemies in many villages of the Punjab communal harmony began to break down a reader Minh Singh Dhillon was living in a mixed Sikh Muslim village I had Muslim friends and we used to play together and there was nobody from our families put any obstacles between us but when these tribes began then I was protected from going out with my Muslim friends but we would sneak away and often will get caught and scalded my grandfather he noticed us going about playing around in the fields we try to hide but ultimately he found out and I was giving a good thrashing it's called it by justice ng financing he a upon Anil and Iook a children's engine as a young boy he watched local politicians stir up divisions between the communities for their own ends they have to rip up these sentiments of the people and the easiest way to whip up the sentiments of the people are to tell them that their religion is endangered that is their community is in danger what else would they tell to hoodwink people to get votes out of them to get sport out of them the people had to be hoodwinked and politicians do that do this tension also increased in the Punjab's capital Lahore student Summerland always had a lot of Muslim friends they now refuse to talk to him a class fellow of mine raised the Congress flag on the school building the Muslims were very furious why they also raised their their Muslim League flag on the school building so the tension increased the distrust was already there under the surface it was there for centuries but now it came above the surface John Laws and his band of Gurkhas were now sent to Lahore to help the local police keep the peace we arrived in Lahore around about the 23rd of April we already knew that there were rumblings going on for intelligence that have been passed to us and we were briefed on that and our first job was to get to know the city and how to get around it we had orders that we were to stay on and you'd have to go to a dance or have dinner out somewhere with a 8 45 revolver strapped on because there was already talk about people having reprisals in the villages of the Punjab there were few British patrols the Sikhs began forming guitars armed bands many Sikhs had served in the British Army during the war and still had their weapons you know corner on your Nam these X soldiers began to train their seek brothers to prevent a Muslim takeover of the Punjab get that out of here together lucky Jetta dashing gotta sing it recently been released from prison where he served time of assault he lived in a Sikh majority part of the Punjab opposed each other but either way though Hotel pop of Gianni chlorine I'm a little money gotta turn a colossal doctor died every big devil I do what I like the bargain to come with new open zoning and we'll head out all of it show me the will of Allah I will know like that I'm Kalevala no lon Valera still yet Roni a number of Muslims form of the village had come down to see my grandfather and told him that they have heard rumors that certain people are getting together in adjoining villages to attack our village and other villages to kill the Muslims a ridah man Singh Dhillon came from a long line of Sikh warriors his ancestors had been imprisoned by the British his grandfather the village head refused to join in the wave of communal violence a committee of Sikh Hindu and Muslim people were created and they were given small arms like Lance's and access we had a couple of guns and the basic reason for doing this was to guard their own village against the people coming to loot the Muslims of that village and to guard their Muslim friends and every night they would hold the patrolling throughout the village to guard the village and deem Muslims seeing the seek preparations for war Muslim villagers decided to launch a first strike March 1947 seek villages around Rawal Pindi came under attack the charge of Oliver day happy yes L agree Allah Akbar Riley akka Allah Akbar Gandhi Nadia Nadia : unison cool area oh no charge reason or were a model really aggressive son berik guseva jean-jacques on occasion he destroyed a historic Nemean galaxy quesadilla dossier local race and yaki the Sikhs were heavily outnumbered by Muslims their biggest fear was that their women would be taken away converted and raped eeeek most romantic Lama su de nasi you snake legendary Monica t ke clergyman you do the Aussies are Ilocano open mouth type the RBC or Aussie sorry local tour today the women of the village went into hiding beer Bahadur Singh's father decided to act to save the order of his village his teenage son looked on docile do like a callous Aldi but aliens from McKee's I'm sorry a locket Maria or thongs in the key on this and part about mean part of the lokahi they or some do palabra Toula avoid Maria subdue Bella up Liberty no man Berta aha marry an encore g-g-g-gia miracle to those Oliver digit our initial you see or mentally me repeat again a condom Karl again Oh mehar jealousy Logano var Logano Arabic any more gia or Kyoya mera pehla happening with MPD or me repeated in a prison a lot of the Papa negative or but more occur panel she knows principal well cha-cha attorney medical review person general der Kaffee da CDC una sorry any contractions are cut cut cut the of argon see magic in learn to accept Solomon I gather he said a high negative but why to divulge of the year Ksenia hide need ET Quinn the city is in a row Lodi pyre such scenes were repeated throughout the Western Punjab in March in April 1947 with the threat of all-out conflict a deal became a matter of urgency the Congress leader Pandit Nehru now had power within his grasp but to get the British out quickly he had to compromise he abandoned his dream of a united India and accepted partition the statement will be read to you tonight giving the final decision of his majesty's government as to the method by which power will be transferred from British to Indian hair on the night of June 3rd 1947 now baton Jinnah and Nehru broadcast the news that they had finally struck a deal they would divide India in two I must in every community particularly Muslim India to maintain peace importance I wouldn't believe it I couldn't believe it I it was like a dream come true mighty forces are at work in the world today and in India and I have no doubt that we are ushering in a period of greatness for India I remember I heaved a sigh of relief that there was partition because we did not want to live with the Muslims anymore but there can be no person of coercing any large areas in which one community has a majority to live against their will under a government in which another community has a majority the partition deal involved giving those provinces with a Muslim majority to Pakistan and those with a Hindu one to India but Mountbatten de niro insisted that the Punjab and Bengal would be treated differently despite their Muslim majorities Jenner was forced to accept that both these provinces would be cut in half and divided between India and Pakistan the next day at a press conference Mountbatten dropped a bombshell Britain would not believing in June 1948 as had been planned but on August 15 1947 just three months away when asked why the date had been brought forward by nearly a year Mountbatten replied why should we wait waiting would mean that I should be responsible ultimately for law and order it should have been possible for them to say they look there is no great hurry don't fix the timetable let the let it let it proceed in a more orderly manner but he was a a decisive man this is the job I have to do this is the date by which I'll do it this this was his personality that made the pace of the partition furious impossible to moderate it was no question of it being too soon it was much too late because in fact when he arrived he as he saw the situation was so much more volcanic than he'd been led to believe in England and he had that diary that he had over everybody's desk saying ever however many days to independence because it seems so unbelievable and the next morning he went into your office it was one day less and it certainly concentrated people's minds but with three months to go no decision had been made on one crucial matter where the border between Pakistan and India would lie a new boundary had to be urgently drawn up the man chosen for the task had never been east of Paris British barrister so Cyril Radcliffe Shura Radcliffe was a very remarkable man it was not just the quality of his mind though that was formidable perhaps the most formidable I ever encountered I think he had this unerring gift for going to the heart of anything he was discussing he came very clearly to a rational conclusion he was a very rational man on July 8 Radcliffe arrived in India he moved into a bungalow on the viceroys estate with partition only 36 days away he met ma'am batten the brilliant and serious barrister did not quite hit it off with the flamboyant Viceroy I think he thought that he was a vain man and not a man whose judgment was totally tube relied upon but he didn't he didn't dislike him and I think he respected the fact that Mountbatten was the last Viceroy and doing the best he could with a very difficult remit could you get me the figures please for the Gurdaspur district I believe I'm right in saying that there is a narrow Muslim majority but not a substantial one yes I 60-point six second Equus topherbuckley F began his work his toughest job would be in the Punjab and Bengal which were being divided in two Radcliffe was being asked to draw a line through the middle of both provinces in doing so he would look at which religion was in a majority in each individual district but he would also take into account other factors such as the collection of railways canals and irrigation channels in the streets of its great capital Lahore it was uncertainty over which side of the city the border would fall Satish goodra was an art student in Lahore from a politically influential Hindu family mostar – real brains are so ugly that logically speaking there are more chance dr. hole will go to Indian side because he everything belong to adduce education money bank initial innocent buildings yama logic don't want to connect level of john Boozman Julia actually achieving he called on banana can be a studying ceramics in Italian meringue you see the ROM Bari nicholasville would not get again in a grind on the key side of Bombay by count Mountbatten bids both wires for 1500 British soldiers with tension increasing the British government decided this was the moment to bring most of the remaining troops home with just over a month to partition tension on the streets of Lahore began to turn to violence there was a date and everybody then knew that do whatever you can now because after this date you won't be able to do it whether it is looting Muslims of looting Hindus whatever it might be so therefore the the date itself became a driver with the border still to be decided Muslims Sikhs and Hindus began to clear their neighborhoods of anyone not of their community more you Raul are very logical a Tony Ramirez Ana career is a particular what would a yog are capable oligarch will grow hotter yet who nobody can reboot Ibaka to Philly Ali Fugazi Otilia devudu sardis mu de votre monde en si le dijimos homologous wolrd sorry earlier we could go to our marketers harlot and help you yummy despite violence erupting around the Punjab the British presence was now biddable john moores had a small group of Gurkhas did what they could in Lahore you tried to get in there quickly and say well what's happened with the police and they say well their shops being set on fire and then the next thing which uptick would be someone would be killed or burnt and so then you get a reprisal from the other side then picking on somebody else and gradually it is hide escalate it was like a bushfire and it was difficult to control as Lahore tore itself apart now badan had other problems to solve partition was just a few weeks away with a future of large parts of India had yet to be decided that of the princely states ruled by princes the semi-autonomous states were dotted around India they have been allowed to run their own affairs in return for their loyalty to the British crown the princes assumed the British would allow them to decide their own fate after they left but my baton der than a secret deal with Nero he would have most of them over to India the rail dressing sir ela then a young prince attended the meeting where our baton denounced their future in July 47 my father said that the last chamber of princes meeting is going to take place in Delhi in which Mountbatten will address the princess this is an important meeting you go you deputize for me he was trying to build me up on July 25th the princess gathered to hear what our baton was offering he came and stood in front on the podium and I remember that he looked left and right while it just the taken it was it was perfect showmanship and then he started addressing the princes your Highnesses ladies and gentleman and he said that we have no alternative but to sign the Instrument of Accession ma'am Barton told the princes they had little choice join the Indian Union or be swept away in a wave of democratic change and I think this made a great impression and many of the princes who had these ideas that they would they were become independent into what they like and is collapsed do you realize that if they didn't sign most of the princes small ones Derby was probably wiped out with the princes in the bag the partition settlement was nearly complete all the remained was the final border doubt as a Cyril Radcliffe I think it was the loneliness of the decision which I remember him talking about it wasn't a single sedition it was a series of decisions about where the line should be drawn these decisions were going to be his and he had to take responsibility for them and I think he found that a lonely experience by comparison with some of the things he'd done so Cyril had no time to see what was happening in the lands he was dissecting his approach to drawing up the boundary separating majority Hindu Sikh areas from majority Muslim ones almost certainly encouraged the religious cleansing of entire districts there were areas where the margins were not very great therefore the majority in those areas wanted to make sure that the process didn't get fetched with small numbers so drive those the minority out whether it is Hindu or Muslim minority to make sure that this bit of territory doesn't slip out of your hands mayhem now ensued the villages of the Punjab a few individuals took a stand Dylan's grandfather was threatened for trying to protect his Muslim neighbors some people had often sent messages through my grandfather that people who were going about looting and killing Muslims they wanted to eliminate our family because we were putting a trickle in their way but my grandfather would not be deterred he would not be afraid he was that way like they were given a challenger how many be applying on the boat on the gallery already market goes in there I'll be good again and we'll be gathered a debugger come on Bianca come on be honest I don't look like that modular are a local variable multinational I mano i dying ladies modular ha ha but even gives it bodies public won't be much all law get uppity come back i got the rabbit down here if you wanna find a memory I believe function there will vary more than one gender huh sorry Maharaja very la la ooh la la my cargo vehicle a big bottle mother come gentlemen gather money on young well I got a little goodbye Mon Cala no girl from the Galaga double dagger luckily Dean Devlin will just run my building Jennifer my girl alone oh my god we got very small contingents of British led troops scoured the countryside trying to stop the violence but by then there were just too few to make a difference one had messages coming in all the time by hand written messages I can remember one it's rather sad pathetic note by some chap who could write a little bit of English and he had been in the Indian Navy and on a scrap of paper this came in one day saying I'm home on leave at this particular village and my name is CERN so my number is CERN so please can you come and help us we are going to be attacked but by the time are we located the village he did we got there and the village had been attacked and I couldn't find this man a lot of people were killed so it was that sort of message of sad you know people desperate for help and knew where we were but when I say we were we were only a hundred people and in the whole area was something like what 40 40 50 thousand square miles one village I went into where we knew there was something of footed I hadn't been told to go that I was coming back the end of a patrol and I saw vultures circling and so that's usually a pretty good indicator and got into the village and sure enough it had been completely decimated the well was full of bodies women by one woman had been pregnant she'd been carved out and completely and breasts being cut off and unlawful awful lot Raza geez man look look I'm wrong I mean am I looking to visit everybody it was forgiven they either hold on take they can imagine dear Elizabeth you won't even look at me and it's a girl in here naked all day hey buddy in Lahore murder was now an everyday occurrence with partition just two weeks away rumors circulated that the city would go to Pakistan Lajos richer Hindus took no chances limit tension they deal in Doozers started leaving much before the partition law they knew the law would go to Pakistan they started leaving the city but they pretended that they are not leaving they kept their drawing rooms as as it were there all the sofas and all this all the furniture was there in the hearts there was a hope lingered that horn would be on this side hey Gary Mary Morrison Ahuja kutari margeeve garden located on yu-gi-oh Logan will your association hotel in hiddenville Gaza Atari mahogany my Psalms father a bank manager in Lahore said if they could live under the British they could live under the Muslims I didn't want to be my father also didn't want to leave he hoped and he said K all these people who are living their fools they'll come back tomorrow but that was not true when our neighbors started leaving one by one he still hoped our closest neighbors who we had very close relationship deparias when they left my father wept that day as thousands fled Muslim gangs set fire to the Sikh and Hindu areas of the old city the old Lahore beautiful and historic is in flames at night when I used to sleep on the terrace I could see the Hindu sharmee area burning five miles away the flames could be seen so high the frames were sharmi was a thickly populated Hindu area it was burnt down completely and I could see five miles away the flames delight all that and we were so terrified that night all around my house people were running children hadn't woman when I got someone inside mobs are coming the area is on fire told me to run at once if you want to save your life the whole horizon full of fire it smoked an Allred it was such a sad sad sad moment for my life seeing la hoja such a beautiful city tall burning I have done what I can in drawing the line to eliminate any avoidable cutting of railway communications and of river systems which are on August 9th Radcliffe had finished drawing up the border life but man Baton decided to keep the new boundary a secret until after independence so the British wouldn't be blamed for any ensuing violence of this interruption the delay prolong the uncertainty and some believe it increased the loss of life signs Sam Radcliffe I never forgot forgiving why he kept the decision would be a little above the hole so late you feel what you killing who have been saved if they had an ultimate defeat our road 15 dead before on the eve of Independence Radcliffe wrote to his stepson in London nobody in India will love me for my award about Punjab and Bengal and there will be roughly 80 million people with the grievance who will begin looking for me I do not want them to find me I've worked and travelled and sweated oh oh I have sweated the whole time Radcliffe left India four days later never to return he was deeply conscious that his rulings of his recommendations would generate controversy conflict and the possibility of a loss of a lot of human life and I do remember him saying that any solution any drawing of the line would have done that on August 14th 1947 a new country was born on the subcontinent Gina's dream of a Muslim homeland became a reality in Pakistan through Karachi streets drives the catiusa muhammad ali jinnah Pakistan's first governor-general its garage his first day of Independence and the crowds are out to greet him and oh man man my baton was in Karachi to declare independence for the newly created state bizarrely no one except he and Radcliff knew her its borders were but this didn't stop the celebrations it never occurred to us that the Muslims of India will ever see the emergence of a sovereign independent country but they could call their own you see a country they could live for a country they could die for you see him it never occurred to action the next day it was the turn of India to celebrate hundreds of thousands thrown the streets as Nehru loved baton his wife Edwina and their daughter Pamela made their way to the Constituent Assembly unfortunately when my parents arrive they can't get in because the crowd is so thick but so thick that they can't open the doors so there's no way for them to get in so somebody has to crawl in some window and and go to the Prime Minister and say it's Langham which otherwise fraid I can't get in because the crowd is so vast will you come and sort it out so now we had to sort of scuttle run back and start hitting people and shouting four people are clearing away when she was always brilliant at them love doing and eventually my parents were allowed make their stage inference incidentally there's some dignified than them have been expected when you must remember that whatever the tragedy of partition there are the aspects to it and it was an exhilarating occasion there are millions of people out on the streets celebrating for my uncle and for his colleagues it was the realization though not in whole but in part of their lifelong dream the cause to which they had given their entire lives and here it was Indian independence but not everyone was celebrating Gandhi who for decades had struggled for a United independent India they fasting in Calcutta his disciple ashoka Gupta was with him well disappointed man he was a man in distress and he found that whoever people went with him to start with now I deserting him the desertion by other leaders I think hurt him very much he wanted to die his attitude was let me die with the celebrations over Mountbatten finally announced the new border it sliced through the previously United Provinces of Bengal and Punjab Lahore was given to Pakistan a disaster for the city's few remaining Hindus we were dejected and we were so sorry to see those Hindus by that time Hindus had realized that it would not be possible for them to stay in Pakistan millions of people were now on the move Muslims have found themselves on the Indian side of the border and Hindus and Sikhs who are on the Pakistani side they packed their belongings onto bullock carts and left the villages they had lived in for generations dark magic burned out there that no you got there shall be a debugger which means you can be run away okay no Cheney are not to be a prison are you getting out of and Iker of water I got a word though the morning of otago did knock our hanger steak Agassi Jacaranda paternity you're not even a BIR be your operator Java get a Pellegrino logic peachy the refugees formed human caravans called car fillers the lucky ones and military escorts to protect them from armed bands waiting on the roads the first major refugee movement the biggest concentration was about 50 miles long column of over 200,000 people was moved and I was escorting it from Jalandhar onwards up to the Pakistan border well jaha too sane was a young army officer he had been sent to the Punjab to deal with disturbances on the border we had very few troop feeders very few drops with us so here were these people there were no transport arrangements there were no arrangement for the magical cover there was nothing except that we had collected these people in open space they were told to move and they were moving on foot some had Bullock cars and they put their longing from the Bullock carts and their old people and children others were on the foot and we used to do about in the initially we used to do about 15 to 20 miles in a day but as they got tired details passed by they'd been with less and less community college really difficult eating up their day and they kept a change and are nocturnal Thomas are you tell ya I go we have Marie Peggy Bo daddy but in cities became very comical only your Peregrine yeah yeah you know what take a frank like trouble now second because you fucking ugly fucking on a fucking on a bikini bar negan Debbie Tibbet I know I talk okay when I beat you I got get up on it or not throughout August and September the columns of refugees grew and grew from hundreds of thousands to millions will you imagine two million people on one road virtually and it's just a seething mass of people trying to get water trying to call in wells were poisoned trying to find food and a coke try to cook women having children it's awful awful things and of course they often try to stop us and to ask for help and sometimes if depending what we were doing we'd stop and say what's the matter what you want and then they did say we know we've no food so I'm sorry I can't I can't do anything for you because that wasn't our job we just didn't have any food to give first they used to start throwing their baggage they were carrying everybody whatever little they had to carry after 3-4 days they used to gradually drop and then they were left with that the clothes shattered tattered and lastly the mothers leaving their small babies that was our biggest problem and there were these crawling babies and on the side of the road with the thousands and thousands of people just moving for the terrible sight terrible sight tens of thousands of people boarded special refugee trains that made their way between India and Pakistan they were easy prey for the armed gangs that roamed the countryside it was John Moores job to escort a trainload of Muslim refugees to Pakistan it wasn't a train it was just a lot of cones steel co wagons and this of course is August which is pretty hot and we loaded up these these wretched refugees it was very distressing and the journey from Ambala to to Amritsar by train normally would you would do it in about I suppose for five hours and in this case it took four days you there was no water very little water on where we had our own supplies water for the three platoons but we had a job to do we couldn't help him help them three days into their journey they reached the Sikh stronghold of Amritsar just 14 miles from the border they were forced to stop to pick up water the station had been taken over by hundreds of armed Sikhs and Richland station was crawling with respect it's like sardines right across not just the platforms but across the tracks they all had weapons of some sort or another somewhere old blunderbusses some were fairly modern rifles spears swords they were shoulder-to-shoulder crowds and pushing and shouting and screaming and you realize that you were just going into a hill and if you didn't look tough there was you were you of trouble because they would then have gone for us before the refugees and I said the thing to do to get the grenades off let them see a lot of them are XO disease of people here the weapons that are carrying let them see you priming grenades prime the grenades and that they will know you mean business then and doing that the crowds will melted back and away and left us clear and I suppose we must have been in the station for about four hours something like that and justice Dawn's breaking we managed to to pull away the engine to do the last 14 miles there had been very little planning for the movement of refugees or their protection most British troops had already been sent home whilst Indian and Pakistani forces were in total disarray they were totally inadequate forces and the reason was very simple because the Indian Army was being split at the same time don't forget that the troops were also concerned about their families because wherever they came from the trouble going on in their homes also they were very much concerned and most of them were on leave or they were on the process of joining the new unit or they're already joined so very much very few bodies on the ground really speaking available to us to deal with the job most trains have no military escorts with inevitable consequences john moores was caught to umballa station to meet a train that had been attacked this was a train notified no five six hundred seven hundred people most of whom had been killed slaughtered mainly elderly people young children young women and they had been attacked and slaughtered shot I can remember seeing a young woman were there she was still alive ahead open cut open and you could see her brains and knew there's nothing that we could do we had not any surgical facilities or anything like that but it was it was a horrendous horrendous thing and I still think about it very much art students at each Gujral helped organize the transportation of refugees in amritsar he saw the hatred partitioned broad umbrella school nearby had been really an early the girls had been brought out sir temple then taken in procession to this disk location where they were being systematically rebel oh yes record in my life story that man watching it I look at the face of those are the very attending it in a surging of compassion my phone in the coming months around 15 million people made the journey from one side to the other at least 1 million were dead thousands more lay abandoned in makeshift refugee camps stuck on the wrong side of the border the vice reen now led the relief effort my mother was forever visiting the different jobs she visited in five months she did 70 major tours of the punjab into the camps and trying to organize organize the camps organize the hospitals get guards on the hospitals get food and they soon learned that tell lady Mountbatten something or answer one of her questions and something will happen and Anil the new Prime Minister of India toured some of the camps with finally he came face to face with the prices people had paid for partition Satish goodra was at a refugee camp in Lahore when he arrived I give lyrical everything graphically JD refugees wanted to kill him he was shocked a man who grew up at the darling of the people was while going to be killed by the same people Devine intro narrow fellow but that Union I did not feel because I thought for the leaders having being fully responsible for our district so I thought he was only our West in what he are told he sold that crest kinda day I felt ro reverence toward him in Lahore there were now a few Hindus left Summerland and his father were among the last in the weeks following partition they came under attack for Muslim gangs seeking a religiously pure Lahore and it was free for all in this city there was no one to check them so they had come for that purpose and somebody had given them our address and all that and they came to kill us and to unfortunately we had a very narrow escape and I was with a neighbor with a Muslim neighbor and they looted the ransacked the house took away all the all the clothes which they could Jews or lower shoes and when our Muslim neighbor raised he raised a hue and cry they said we'll shoot you if you if you support the coffers it was too much even for some at his father who threw out the violence had held out the hope that they could stay on in the city of never then we decided to go to the league straight away went to the airport and came to Delhi with our two clothes no nothing we left in a plane my father bought two tickets for Delhi I saw the other houses when the plane went up and cried over monotone I bet Dillon's village where the Muslims had been protected by his grandfather the Indian army arrived one day and ordered the Muslims out it was the sort of very heavy moment there were tearful departures and farewells the Muslims left most of their assets and properties with their neighbours thinking that they would be able to come again to pick those things up initially the people felt very remorse about their going but then in a couple of days sort of day they try to occupy their homes they try to take away whatever they had left in only a few months India had been divided along religious lines the Indian part of the Punjab was cleared of nearly all its Muslims while Pakistan was emptied of most of its Sikhs and Hindus Lahore once one of the most mixed cities in all of India was now home only to Muslims gone was the cosmopolitan la Odyssey Dawn was liberal tolerant progressive policy but I think culturally the whole support decision it was a great city in those days for the great city entities with the passage of time we became more conservative more backward more intolerant more pseudo Islamic pseudo Islamic Aziz I think the primary responsibility is of the Hindus who didn't treat the Muslims as their equals that was the root cause the Muslims and Hindus could integrate despite living together for all these centuries with the partition over the job was done for the few British troops still left in India john moores returned to britain at the end of 1947 I think the worst thing was that we couldn't stop the violence see unnecessary cruelty is something which we didn't really know much about mouth baton stayed on in India until the end of 1948 as its governor-general he returned to his career in the Navy becoming First Sea Lord he was killed by an IRA Bob in 1979 the whole problem wall that Mountbatten's tried to do this job in too short a time to expect the country to be partition a new country to be created and within two months move the portion of the Government of India to Pakistan and to move the troops to Pakistan around Pakistan to India both a tremendous job it cannot be done it and that's exactly what happened everything went out of control satish goodra the art student from lahore became one of india's greatest painters just experience seeing in me Sudeep after partition and began to paint with no candy consciously afflicted this woman suffering is brutal TR man who man became my team the border created in 1947 would become the focus for three wars and sixty years of animosity between the government of India and Pakistan but for the people of the two countries it was the tragedy of separation that lingered on I miss my friends I couldn't understand why they had to go why were they pushed away the MA only thing was that they were being pushed away I knew they were not going happily so I couldn't understand why and I still think why what did they anybody get out of it and on bbc4 at eleven in Midnight's grandchildren three British teenagers travel to the Punjab to see how their families were affected by partition coming next here on BBC 2 news night Oh

Safari Serengeti, Tanzania HD



Views:|Rating:|View Time:Minutes|Likes:[vid_likes]|Dislikes:[vid_dislikes]
Tanzania – Serengeti Safari, Travel, Vacations, Tours HD Serengeti,Tanzania Vacation World Travel …

The Weird, Wild World of Skunk Owners



Views:631649|Rating:4.54|View Time:21:53Minutes|Likes:6114|Dislikes:617
For the past 16 years, North Ridgeville, Ohio, has hosted pet owners from across the country to celebrate what founder Deborah Cipriani claims is the largest skunk convention in the world. This year, VICE’s Taji Ameen went to the annual Skunk Fest to check out its competitions and meet dozens of skunk enthusiasts and the descented animals they keep as pets.

On this episode of ‘American Conventions,’ Taji meets the owner of a skunk sanctuary, learns what it takes to be crowned the festival’s queen or king skunk, and tries to find out why these feared mammals are becoming beloved pets in people’s homes.

WATCH NEXT: The Westminster Dog Show… on Acid! –

Click here to subscribe to VICE:

Check out our full video catalog:
Videos, daily editorial and more:
More videos from the VICE network:
Like VICE on Facebook:
Follow VICE on Twitter:
Read our Tumblr:
Follow us on Instagram:
Check out our Pinterest:
Download VICE on iOS:
Download VICE on Android:

I've had cats, I've had dogs,
I've had gerbils, I've had rabbits. But skunks grab your heart. For those of you,
new to the Skunk Fest, we see lots of new faces
this year, which is great. So if we can start having
everyone show up by the tent with your skunks in your arms,
our judges are getting ready to start judging for
Skunk Fest 2017. He gets extra points
for being so cute! Have you had fun today
at the Skunk Fest? Yes, this is the best
day of my life. They're the best things ever. Who can top the Steampunk skunk? So are you here with Pepe this year? No, unfortunately, she got
murdered and decapitated. Hot dogs have been reduced to $2! We just arrived in Ohio, it's
the day before the Skunk Fest. It's a convention where people
from around the country get together and
bring their skunks. I've been told hundreds of
skunks show up here, if not more. So we're going to
head over and meet Deb, the brains and skunk lady
behind the entire operation. -Hey!
-Hello! How's it going? Yeah, we're just trying to figure
out where everything is going. It takes hours and hours to put
the whole Skunk Fest together, but we're trying to make
sure everything goes right, so we have a fun day tomorrow. What is the general vibe
like at the convention? Everybody's happy to
show off their skunks. People are proud of their
animals, it's competition too. And they're happy to meet–
This skunk right here, won queen of Skunk Fest,
five years in a row. We have a former Queen Skunk
right here among us? Yes, she's the former queen.
She lost her crown last year. And my skunk won
the crown last year. -From the queen right here?
-From the queen. Is there any sort of like
competitive vibes at all, or is it– -Oh, it's definitely competitive.
-It gets competitive here? -Yes.
-But they're still friends. They're still friends? Yes. At the end of the day? At the end of the day, yeah. And is this the largest
convention for skunks? That we know of. Yes, this is the largest
skunk convention in… In the world! Actually,
in the world. We're the largest skunk
convention in the world. To best prepare myself for
the largest skunk convention in the world, I wanted to learn the
ins and outs of all things skunk. So Deb told me to meet
up with Dr. Krupka, a veterinary expert in
the pet skunk universe. So at what point in
your career as a vet did you become
involved with skunks? It was pretty early on,
right out of vet school, that's when I first met Deb,
she asked me if I could do a procedure on a skunk.
For a number of years, I did the descenting procedure here
as well, but most of the time now, they're coming out of the breeding
facilities already descented, so they can live in our houses
without the risk of spraying us. What exactly is the process of,
what's, do you call it, descenting– Descenting, yeah. So the anal gland, on either side
of the rectum there's a gland on either side, and when the skunk
sprays they actually kind of squeeze the muscles around the rectum,
causes the liquid to shoot out at you. So we take out that gland,
so they can't spray. So essentially go inside the
skunk's ass and you remove– -Yes.
-A gland– We're going in and removing the gland
right from the source of the stink. And it's a very steep learning
curve, you quickly learn how to do that procedure, so
when you screw up, you know in less than a
heartbeat that you screwed up. Typically, day to day when
it comes to people bringing their skunks in, what kind of
owners are you dealing with? Often times, owners are looking
for just that wow factor, but the people that are really into
the skunks have multiple skunks as pets, they think
of them as a child. And they'll put clothes on them,
they have them living in their houses, they're sleeping in their beds,
so these people are definitely dedicated to their pets. Thank you very much.
Hi baby! Whoa! So this is not a
traditional color one. You'll see lots of
colors at Skunk Fest. This would be a brown and white. So the most traditional color
is your black and white skunk. -Yeah, it almost looks like a ferret.
-White, boy. Oh, you can see it's a boy because
of, testicle things right there. Yeah. So yeah, kind of a
ferret looking face to him. Yeah. -He's pretty cute.
-Yeah, yeah! Cute little guy. And I've been told
I'm probably not supposed to go too close to the skunk. So, right. So we try not to let
people pet skunks by their face in case they bite, but if you want
to go ahead and pet the tail end… You're little tail…
Ah! Just kidding. Pretty soft, huh? Yeah! And it's actually,
the tail it's a bit firm. It is. It's a little bit coarser
fur on the tail, correct, yeah. Why Ohio for the Skunk Fest? Well, we're blessed to have
Skunk Haven, right here in Ohio, in North Ridgefield, Ohio. Just so
happens to be that she's 20 minutes from the practice, I have the
ability to work with these guys, so that's how we kind
of formed this alliance. I happen to be in the right state, I help Deb with Skunk Haven
in the same state as well. Deborah Cipriani started
Skunk Fest back in 2001, as a way to help
fund Skunk Haven, a skunk rescue she
runs out of her home. And I heard she's got about
50 skunks in her house right now. This is cool. -Hi, Deb.
-Hi, welcome to Skunk Haven. Thank you for having us! Now, everybody is
running around… No, no, no, no, no! No, come on, guys!
It is feeding time, so they're kind of
scurrying around. Go over there and make
sure the doors are shut. So be careful, they
do not move for you. You have to move for them, because
you have to adapt to their lifestyle, make sure they don't go out.
People have… It's very hectic, just… So what's a normal day like for you,
in taking care of all these skunks? Oh, it's a long day.
That's what a normal day is! I get up at 3:30 in the morning,
I start my morning to feed every single skunk and
clean every single litter box. I feed the skunks twice a day,
I do this twice a day. -Twice a day?
-Three hours, twice a day. So six hours of the day, just
devoted to feeding the skunks. Feeding and cleaning
every single litter box. It's a very long day, and then
I answer the phone calls that, people might need help
with their pet skunks. So this is a 24 hours,
seven days a week… Love of skunks that I have
to help my skunks and help everybody around the world
with their pet skunks. Okay, I'm going back and
forth, back and forth. And I do have a regular job,
I work at TA Travel Centers, the truck stop, at home office,
at customer service dealing with truck drivers' issues. Which is another stressful job. Guys, I really got to feed in a
hurry, because my skunks are… They're starting to get hypoglycemic
and that's what happens. So I really got to hustle,
and I'm sorry about that. Oh, no problem, no, no. That's a sign of, when they're
vomiting bile, they're very hungry. Pretty soon, some of my
skunks might start seizuring [seizing] so we have to go on fast mode. I feel like a waiter at a
skunk restaurant right now. Yeah. Whoa, there are two in that cage? -Yeah, they're brothers.
-Brothers? So what initially drew
you to get a skunk, as opposed to a
more traditional pet? I came out to Ohio and I
seen skunks in a pet store, and in the year
2000 my mom died, and I bought my first
skunk to fill the void. So yes, it's a very special bond
between skunk and human companion. It's just very surprisingly quiet in
here, and you just hear the scurry… Which one do you need, Deb? I need paper towels that are
right here. Come this way. -Gotcha.
-Right here. Is there a skunk down there? Yeah, there's a couple skunks. I'm going to have to– These ones just kind of hang
out under the computer desk? Yes. What are the legalities
of owning a pet skunk? Most states you have to have
a permit to own a pet skunk. If a skunk does nip
somebody and it is turned in, its head will get chopped
off and tested for rabies. So that's the big thing with our pet
skunks and why we don't let people, one of the reasons why we
don't let people touch our skunks. So I've been hearing a lot about
this whole king and queen thing, from Skunk Fest.
What is that all about? It's stiff competition, and
it's overall confirmation, what they're going to do is
look at the white to make sure the white is white and not orange,
they're going to feel to make sure the body weight is the
correct body weight. And then they're going to,
normally, what I do is push the tail up, because that
puffs the tail up and that's good for competition, but I
don't tell people what I do because I'm in competition myself. And… This was actually the
queen from last year. So she is going to be up
against all the other competitors to see if she can keep her crown. So it's very stiff competition. But it's a big family of
people who own skunks. That just want to gather
and meet each other and see each other once a year. So the skunks are bringing people
together and it's a big skunk family. Deb's house was a bit intense, but after seeing her
dedication and passion for skunks, I was pretty stoked to make
some more furry friends. And finally we're at Skunk Fest. Although skunk ownership is
relatively rare, since it is illegal in most states, hundreds of people
still travel from across the country to share their love of skunks
and enter them in a competition. Who are these people? How could they possibly
love skunks so much? And most importantly,
who will take the crown? I'm here to find out. First time up here.
Love it, it's very nice here. Yes. She's four months old,
so she's my baby. And I'm mommy. And she loves to give kisses. Come on, give kisses!
Except when you want her to. -That make sense.
-It's like a kid! -So, he or she?
-He, Smudge. -Mudge?
-Smudge. Yeah, he's got a smudge on his
white stripe so yeah, it's Smudge. We actually got it from Deb,
she's got the Skunk Haven. Are many of the skunks
from her around here or do they come from all over? They come from different breeders,
there's quite a few breeders, more down south. What's your favorite thing
about owning a pet skunk? How different it is, I guess. You don't really see
people, just on a regular, so I mean, it's different. Yes, my name is
Tonya Poindexter Vaughn and this is my first year
here at Skunk Fest, but the way I got involved
with skunks was last year, when I rescued a skunk,
and that was Pepe. -Pepe?
-Uh-huh. So are you here with Pepe this year? No, unfortunately, she got seized from me, and
murdered and decapitated and brought back to me. What's the story behind that? How does a skunk end up
getting murdered and decapitated? Well, I had a family member come
over to my house in October, my niece, it's who it was. She later told me
that Pepe nipped her. My sister called me and said
that it was going to have to be put down to be tested for rabies. And the Fish and Wildlife
Department took Pepe, and about an hour
and a half later, they brought her back to me
in a bag, she was still warm, she did not have a head. And I sat on my couch and I
held her for four hours, crying. And had to bury her. That's… Really awful to hear
how it happened. Yeah, and there's a big following
for my Promises for Pepe campaign that I've got going on,
and laws need to be changed. It would save all these animals. Thank you for sharing with us, hopefully there will
be change, eventually. -Okay, thank you, I appreciate it.
-Thank you so much. All right, everybody, we're
going to get started here, our judges have arranged themselves
underneath the green tent, and our judges are getting ready
to start the process of judging for Skunk Fest 2017. So the judging has began,
they have their clipboards, they have their skunks. They seem
to be kind of lifting up the tail, checking out, how the
tail goes on a skunk, they're kind of just observing
the skunk from all different angles. It's a little tense over here, like,
the judges are pretty serious. They're not really
cracking many jokes, they're kind of just standing
there with their clipboards and, determination in their
eyes of finding the best skunk. The judges are looking at the
overall health, body shape and general cleanliness. I wouldn't say the stakes are high, but, the winners do
get a literal crown and bragging rights on
Facebook for an entire year. All right, we're looking
for our last couple entries for king and queen
of Skunk Fest 2017. This is Clarkson. Clarkson? Well hello
there, Clarkson. Is Clarkson about to
enter the contest? Yes, he is. What are your
expectations out there? Sincerely, I expect they'll
say he's pretty but he's too fat. He's a little large, I guess.
He's got a big fat tail too. Yes, yes he does. Is there any competitive
vibes or not really? I used to show dogs, and this
is nothing like showing dogs. People are much nicer. Are you about to go up
there with your skunk? I believe so, finally. I hope to win, but there's probably,
to be honest, there's probably other skunks that are going to
score higher than my Ziggy will, but I love him regardless. Well, good luck out there. Thank you. Why hello there, former
queen from last year. She's up for stiff
competition this year. With all the other
female skunks. Who have you seen
around that's kind of giving her a run for
your money this year? -Nobody!
-Nobody? -She's the one?
-She's the one. All right, we're going to let our
judges convene back to their tent, so they can compile numbers. To our judges, thank
you very much for judging, and we'll see everybody back
here at 2:00 O'clock, when we start
with our costume contest. Please enjoy lunch
and we'll talk to you soon. So Deb has me on one
of the judging panels for the more fun
skunk competitions, so I'm actually going to go
meet with one of the judges from the king and queen
competition, to get a few pointers. I'm judging the costume event
later, do you have any advice? What should I look for out there? I would say you want to
look for one that's alert, you want them upright, you
want them walking around, yeah, you want their
tail flipping in the air, like, "Oh, hey, this is me,
I'm a peacock". Or a devil, or whatever.
You know, their costume is, you want one that's
not trying to get it off, I've definitely seen some
skunks that are like, "Get this off, I don't
want it on." So you want them to be okay with it. -Thank you so much!
-You're welcome. Good luck! Thank you. All right, we got Ruben. Where is Ruben from? Florida! From Florida, I can tell. All right, I'll pretend
I didn't see that, I'll pretend I didn't
see that, no. Okay. We got Clarkson coming in hot! Steampunk skunk! Steam– that's
like a tongue twister. Steampunk skunk. All right, who can top
the Steampunk skunk? He's very docile, that's
a good feature, I hear. Do we have any more
costume contestants? Hey, do we have any more
talented skunks in the park? Oh wait, we got one last. What was his name again? Mr. Stinky Noodle. -Mr. Stinky Noodle?
-Stinky Noodle, yeah. Stinky Noodle the skunk. He gets extra points
for being so cute! All right! Could we chat for a second? -Yeah.
-Perfect. He's being a butt. He's mad that I had that
stupid costume on him, so he's going to crap in my
shoe when I go home, okay. -He's going to remember that?
-Yes. -Is he that smart?
-They all are. -He can actually remember…
-He's a seizure alert animal, so yeah, he's super smart. So he's actually, I think
you mentioned earlier– He's actually an ABA
certified service animal. He's the first ever,
and only service skunk. And what's the, if you
don't mind me asking, is it because you
need him for service? I'm autistic and I
have seizures at night, I have nocturnal seizures. So he can pull me out of a
nocturnal seizure in dead sleep. And he got him for me
two weeks before surgery, I had my, I'm transgender,
I had my top surgery. And he was to be my
recovery animal, I guess. And we bonded from the
first night that I had him. He was six weeks old the first
time he pulled me out of a seizure and he's been doing it ever since.
I went from having seven to ten seizures in a night, to having maybe
between one and three a week. Since getting him? Since getting him,
he's 22 weeks old. And is this your first time
at the actual Skunk Fest? Yes, yes it is. And this is
our second anniversary. Second year being
married anniversary, so… It's super awesome, we're
going to come back next year, I'm hoping to tattoo
everybody next year. I'm going to be
doing some $50, uh… -$50 skunk tats?
-$50 skunk tats! That's a pretty good deal. Well
congratulations on your anniversary, and finding this… -Beautiful baby.
-Beautiful, incredible baby. As the day came to an end, I made
my way back to the judges tent for the royal award ceremony
and grand finale of Skunk Fest. Where dreams are made
and souls are shattered. I stood on the sidelines,
nervously waiting to see if Deb will take
the tiara once again. 2017 Skunk Fest princess
is going to be, say it! Juniper! Oh, we got to go around this way. The 2017 prince
of Skunk Fest is… Kuba! Yay! And we have to get pictures after. Are we ready for the king? Smudge! Your hat. – We need the pictures afterwards.
-Great. Okay! 2017 queen is going to be… Gidget, by Deb! Everybody, I hope you all enjoyed
it, thank you all for coming. Woo-hoo! So the 2017 Skunk Fest
has come to an end, I came in here not really
knowing a thing about skunks. Honestly, I didn't even know
you could keep one as a pet. But… You can have a skunk as a pet. You can walk a skunk on a leash, you can bring a skunk
around in a stroller, you could even hold two skunks
at the same time in your arms. All in all, the people are definitely
a bit strange as expected, but, in the end, they're
really just outsiders, kind of similar to
skunks, in a way.

The making of David Attenborough's Natural History Museum Alive



Views:8404|Rating:nan|View Time:4:40Minutes|Likes:|Dislikes:

what's really exciting about the film we're making here and the Natural History Museum with David Attenborough is that it's really going to push the bounds of everything we've learned all other productions in 3d there's a kind of buzz each day when we go into a break people are talking it's a lot of excitement this is going to be a very special film the whole basis of this particular program kind of fancy I can see that extinct animals go into life the creatures he knows he's never going to see these are extinct creatures in one of his favorite places the Natural History Museum in London pretty amazing feeling to have this whole space to ourselves it's a gem of a building to be working with and just calls out for a super dramatic light with anything about this play is that it's modeled on a Cathedral Oh in its founder wanted this to be a cathedral to life and to creation it's really exciting because they're straight intertwining of levels in terms of getting three-dimensional pictures it is just a dream and the set the essence of this film was way beyond what a normal documentary is it's much more towards a feature and a dramatic feature at that we've approached the look of the phone to be a fantasy magical world place you want to go and you can imagine anything could happen this is a very complicated 3d film to make this film has a huge production team and it draws on incredible talent from cinematographers to the special effects team it's quite extraordinary the talent we've got here and we're gonna need this talent to get this film to the level we want to make it everyday we're pushing things to limit with the latest technology and exciting CGI exactly privileged to work with David this has the most amazing way of communicating subjects that can be complicated in the most engaging way David has been incredible for someone who's had to come out as the only person in this film literally perform in front of creatures he can't even see so I'm having to act and pretend that I am seeing animals come to life the sheer beauty of the museum coupled with the skill set here and David him it's just magical and what is more there are bones to prove that it existed working with David he's amazing he gets it first time every time there's a different hammer and a pair you haven't actually seen before combined with the afro we all know he has seen so many creatures in the wild been in fools for so many times in his career he is able to get into that mental space to believe that something is there and to react to it accordingly David is involved in every aspect of these productions too constrictive which makes it all more horrible it's gonna strangle us that's the sort of thing we want to know always that crucial DNA of this film is that David comes face to face with a real object that's in the museum that we can bring to life for David to interact with part of the wonderful thing about this film is actually the museum itself and having those original specimens and from those you can actually recreate through science hell these extinct animals looked in life and a true natural light David is attractive just the perfect balance between making this an entertaining wrong but also something that's credible science attached it's very exciting for him and it's very exciting for us

Hidden Killers of the Victorian Home – Full Documentary



Millions trust Grammarly’s free writing app to make their messages, documents, and posts clear, mistake-free, and effective. Sign up today. It’s free!

Watch Hidden Killers of the Post-War Home Here:

While the Victorians confronted the challenges of ruling an empire, perhaps the most dangerous environment they faced was in their own homes. Householders lapped up the latest products, gadgets and conveniences, but in an era with no health and safety standards they were unwittingly turning their homes into hazardous death traps.

In a genuine horror story, Dr Suzannah Lipscomb reveals the killers that lurked in every room of the Victorian home and shows how they were unmasked. What new innovation killed thousands of babies? And what turned the domestic haven into a ticking time bomb?

it was the Victorians who cherished the idea of home as a domestic Haven they coined the phrase safe as houses and in this age of invention homes were bursting at the seams with new gadgets products and conveniences in the bedroom with the latest beauty products and manufactured clothes while in the nursery the toys were brand new and factory produced and for the first time the stove warmed the entire house the original home sweet home but there was a problem many of the exciting products and appealing innovations they welcomed into their homes were not just health hazards they were killers and with the aid of science our seek out these domestic assassins their houses were disgusting I'll be revealing what the Victorians couldn't see inside their homes these things undoubtedly would have killed many children and showing the terrible injuries that went inflicted in the name of progress what you need to do is move your bust up occasion just and I'll feel the strain of chasing the Victorian ideal welcome to the perilous world of the real Victorian home in the second half of the 19th century cities exploded to house the booming middle classes in just over 50 years their number grew from two and a half million to over nine and these new urban middle classes took immense pride in their homes they had money and they wanted to spend it on making their houses cozy havens of domesticity and comfort not for these people the grim perils a Victorian factory life or the gritty reality of the overcrowded streets the sort of family who lived here enjoyed a level of comfort and luxury previously unknown to ordinary people the cost of necessities fell dramatically and new mass production techniques made Goods available and affordable this meant a level of conspicuous consumption never witnessed before they filled their rooms with things that made the house a home they've been inspired by the Great Exhibition of 1851 which showcased the latest and the best in gadgets and consumer goods what had been happening now for the best part of a hundred years suddenly crystallized in this extraordinary exhibition it wasn't so much that he was new as it was just suddenly boom in bulk as the century went on and consumerism began to increase one of the fascinating things is that the phrase standard of living first appeared for the first time in history you measured how good your life was by how many objects you possessed when you think about it that's actually a very strange idea you couldn't just buy anything what was and what wasn't tasteful was discussed at length in the many and various new household guides and magazines John Ruskin the leading art critic and social theorist impressed on Victorian consumers the importance of making the right choices good taste is essentially a moral quality what we like determines what we are and to teach taste is inevitably to form character yet while the Victorians fretted about abstract notions of morality they were oblivious to the real dangers that came from things they had welcomed into their houses every room in the Victorian home was filled with hidden killers and one of the most dangerous places was the drawing-room the Victorians were really rejecting the idea of the eighteenth-century classicism the restraint the delicacy the white walls that was all over they wanted clutter they wanted color they wanted accessory they really furnished to show that for them color and clutter and objects that was wealth and that was that was importance and that was riches one thing that particularly indicated both good taste and status was wallpaper the richer the pattern and the darker more vivid the color the better why because with the introduction of gas lighting for the first time in history there was enough light in the house for ordinary people to have and enjoy intense color on their walls as a result there was something of a wallpaper craze manuals like castles household guide which told the Victorians how to do everything outlined principles of good taste and told them which patterns of wallpaper to buy they were influencing a massive market wallpaper sales had shot up from around 1 million pieces a year in 1834 to 32 million by 1874 castles even gifts what its cause its theory of color it describes his rules for the artistic appreciation in dress in furniture and it recommends green it calls it a color of repose says the eye experiences a healthy and peculiarly grateful impression from this color as opposed to something like yellowish red which it says is the preference of impetuous robust men and savage Nations a particularly brilliant green known as Sheila's green was all the rage she'll was the swedish scientist who first mixed the pigment to produce an intensely vivid color that didn't fade its incredible popularity meant that it was used in everything from carpets BrahMos candles and children's toys but most of all it was used in industrial quantities in wallpaper there was one strange coincidence as wallpaper sales escalated so did reports of unexplained deaths and illnesses in the home but there was nothing mysterious about it the magic ingredient that was giving the wallpaper its rich green hue was arsenic these were samples of what would be considered as tearful wallpapers to have in a Victorian home this on the walls would have been loaded with arsenic actually in the printing of the book it's also used are cynical dyes so this book that you've shown me now has asked the confused mosquitoes there's quite a lot of or stick in that it's not lie don't believe what you're saying but could you prove it it's phase you do if I use this instrument which is a portable XRF it tells us what contaminants metallic contaminants are present and items basically consistory straight off has got large amounts of copper in it we've got large amounts of arsenic in it oh yes the actual salts used in this pigment or copper arsenic in this book fugitive probably hey I wash my hands afterwards modern science can prove the Victorian wallpaper contained arsenic but this danger wasn't fully understood at the time to confuse matters further the symptoms of arsenic poisoning were very similar to cholera which had been rampant in Britain in living memory the immediate effects would be of pain swelling of the esophagus very dry throat and difficulty in swallowing and then what's described is agonizing abdominal pains as the whole digestive tract is affected by the arsenic vomiting diarrhea and sounds terribly unpleasant and then people would die which was said to be quite a relief because it's a Tran agonizing way to die newspaper headlines continue to report mysterious illnesses and deaths and links were made with arsenic in the second half of the 19th century the newspapers are full of cases like this one six-month-old child dies as a result of chewing on a piece of emerald green wallpaper but even if you hadn't eaten the wallpaper you weren't safe in fact the wallpaper was endangering the health of the nation in another hidden and much more insidious way thanks to a chemical reaction poisonous fumes are thought to have infiltrated the very air they were breathing there's a lot to be it about the production of arsenic gases from the wallpaper the actual surface of the wallpaper particular flock wallpapers can come off and your house would be covered in arsenical dust but also in Victorian houses which weren't centrally heated the relatively damp you put damp together with wallpaper paste and cellulose which is in the wallpaper itself and you get fungal growth and as many fungi can actually roll out lies those arsenic assaults in the volatile form of arsenic and they're highly toxic these things were billowing out arsenic in the home in which obviously the windows were hardly ever opened because of the smog they sat there in this lovely ferg of arsenic thinking they're in this perfect virtuous healthy home it doesn't actually matter how the arsenic is absorbed into the body whether you breathe it in whether it comes in through the skin or the other membranes or whether you actually eat it it actually has a very similar effect because it's effective via the blood stream so the arsenic gets into the bloodstream and travels around the body but one of the problems with the slower arsenic poisoning of a small amount over a longer time is that it could cause very vague symptoms and obviously if you're being poisoned by something in a particular room of the house and when you left that room you got a bit better it would could come and go and so it was much harder to differentiate it from other illnesses thought around at the time some doctors began to question the use of arsenic in wallpaper as more and more mystery deaths were reported in the home The Lancet too took up the cause there appears good reason for believing that a very large amount of sickness and mortality among all classes is attributable to this cause and that it may probably account for many of the mysterious diseases of the present day which so continually baffle all medical skill in 1856 a couple in Birmingham reported to their doctor dr. Heinz that they were suffering from inflamed eyes headaches and sore throats even their pet parrot was drooping they decided to go on holiday to the seaside and their symptoms disappeared they suspected something in their house and they had recently applied bright green wallpaper to two rooms at home dr. Heinz wondered if that alone could be responsible for their ailments people went to the seaside and took the waters and took the spa what effectively they were doing is moving out of a toxic environment into a healthy diluted environment where you had fresh air water that came from a known source not relying on what was in a concentrated area within the property they moved away from a toxic environment what's really astounding is how much arsenic there was in a Victorian drawing-room when you add up all the materials that contained arsenic pigment certainly we know that it was a huge amount of arsenic in say Victorian living room which had a hundred square meters surface area could contain up to 2.5 kilograms of arsenic that's a lot of Awesome arsenic yes if you went to Boston dr. Heinz along with some other medical practitioners became an outspoken critic of the use of arsenic pigment in Germany arsenical war papers had been banned but not in the UK the war people manufacturers didn't want people to think there's anything wrong with their products and say The Lancet and the British Medical Journal for a long campaign to bring this in the public for so there was quite a lot of speed to what's going on some doctors and newspapers called on the British government to ban the poisonous paper but others were quick to belittle the claims of the killer wallpaper some manufacturers even offered to eat it to prove how safe it was one of Britain's most celebrated wallpaper designers was William Morris a leading light of the Arts and Crafts movement he was also one of the fiercest critics of the heartless industrialists of this period but what is not well known about this champion of handicraft is that he was a director of the biggest arsenic producing mine in the world Devin great consoles William Morris was making with his money from arsenic that's quite a surprise isn't it because of course we associate William Morris as being you know this leader of the Arts and Crafts movement as someone who's you know go back to place it's going to be back to natural things but he's got this mind that potentially is certainly selling arsenic whether he's using it as wallpapers or not sometimes as I said there was enough arsenic produced from that mine to kill the entire planet and every creature on it some of the people who came out with the processes had vested interests in other locations that they would own arsenic mines they would own areas where it was in their interest to include arsenic into payments dyes whatever they don't really Morris ever accept that he was doing this or did he continue to deny it well there's a interesting letter there was a customer complaining that the wallpaper was poisoning him and his family and basically William Morris said there was witch fever so that was this war so Lawrence we have it was witch fever in other words he thought he was being accused of something that just wasn't true well he was just saying it was these doctors were saying the new obstacle war peppers were killing people and damaging people's health needs her saying you it's it's mumbo-jumbo basically what he was saying contrary to Morris's claims the evidence building up became impossible to deny but it would take intervention from the very top before things started to change one of the the key tipping points of that recognition was when Queen Victoria herself had had wallpaper of shield green and she had a diplomat like she came to stay with her who fell ill overnight and she was I think the record show that she was quite put out to be perfectly honest it she'd been stood up early in the morning and he hadn't turned up but axes the poor chap had acted killed over overnight he was actually effectively poisoned by the arsenic in the wallpaper she was a little skeptical about it but then when it actually came out in the papers and there were actually quite a lot of publications around that time as acting that she'd done that it was then that step changing maybe we need to think and he'll regulate this unbelievably the use of arsenic and wallpaper was never officially banned but as consumers understood its danger they stopped buying these wallpapers and forced commercial practice to change Morris wallpapers and other astute manufacturers started to advertise their product as arsenic-free certainly by 1872 even the star guides had switched to safer printing but we'll never know how many died a slow death through the prevalence of arsenic in Victorian products I cannot see the hardness amount of arsenic dust for the around Victorian home wouldn't lead to chronic health problems its it as a class 1 carcinogen is a human carcinogen so years of exposure to this would have led the cancerous basically the Victorian ideal or perhaps fantasy of domesticity was that the lady of the house should be as Charles Dickens describes it in the Mystery of Edwin Drood the ministering angel of domestic bliss Victorian women were encouraged to make their home a reassuring sanctuary for their husbands away from the jealousies cares and dangers of working life the idea of the angel of the house was obviously a literary creation but it tapped in completely to what the Victorians essentially wanted it was a movement away from the fact that in the 18th century usually father and mother had pitched in together in the business with a professionalization the growth of factories the home was away from the place of work so the home became this ideal place of perfection and taste this this bubble enclosed bubble of purity as the home became an ideal it needed to be protected and nurtured and therefore buying things for the home creating things for the home came to be seen as the woman's occupation the men went out there conquering the Empire the women stayed at home and kept them as pure women were expected not only to create the perfect home the lady of the house had to measure up as well our next danger in this house is in the bedroom the pursuit of this feminine ideal wasn't entirely safe lurking in many beautifying products were harmful toxins part of being the ideal Victorian woman was looking just right whatever your physique one of these came in handy in fact this was essential corsets kept everything under control and they meant selfi serve and that was vital to the Victorian woman because the opposite was just excess and freedom and flesh flying everywhere and wanted to that what the world might fall down that's quite tight already we're actually squeezing all the air out Sara Nicole looks after one of the biggest corset collections in the country so tell me about all the different layers we can see here what's going on first of all we've got the chemise underneath so you would never avoid your core sit next to your skin the corset predates the bra its function was to support the chest and help take the weight of up to 14 pounds of clothing in occasion then over the top of this you would have had a petticoat as well that's sort of five garments before yeah you even got to outer where it is yes the Symington factory manufactured corsets that were affordable for everybody they did all of their own artwork and printing for all their box tops for their corsets it's just beautiful it may look beautiful but women were unwittingly paying a terrible price in the 1860s and 70s corset tree became increasingly extreme by the mid 19th century the ideal female form the corseted female form was everywhere in newspapers magazines journals aimed at women and this celebrity the actresses had it the dancers had it but particularly in fashion plates had it this impossible figure I mean they were drawn simply because no woman would look like that what kind of courses and how restrictive they were depended on your age your class your occupation and her fashionable you were it was recommended that a corset was to be worn at all times and there was no escape not even in the colonies Symons made this to market directly at ladies that were going to tropical regions so they were either going with their man or to get their man it's called the ventilated corset for obvious reasons it has the center section removed they're all women wearing this in all parts of the British Empire yeah whatever the weather yes and you were regarded as a loose woman and if you didn't wear your corset it demonstrated their character and it demonstrated that they were fine and upright citizens and you know fit for the British Empire these robust cages of whalebone and steel were turned into potential killers by one surprisingly small technological advance the metal eyelet what difference does that make it allows people if they want to to tight lace their course it without the fabric pulling away the metal eyelet made it easier to get the look because it was possible to lace tightly without the material tearing as it previously would have done there was a fashion for wearing very very very tight bodices I mean it's fascinating you see in photographs the fabric pulls in a way that we would think means it doesn't fit a tight lacing is something that a minority of people did and that is to get your waist as small as you possibly can and they used to do this by lightly lacing their ties of course it tighter and tighter some women would keep their corsets on day and night to train their bodies so what are the effects of a corset on the body in the long term well if I could just show you here the position of the normal organs so the liver for example our largest internal organ sits underneath the ribs on the right and so it's a large wedge-shaped organ that sits here under the ribs and so in a corset which brings the ribs in very tightly to give the typical small waisted outline the liver gets squat upwards and it presses against the ribs and in fact there are specimens of livers taken from women who have died who've worn tight corsets actually have ridges on them where the ribs have made indentations in the surface of the liver because it's been so tight and another organ that may be affected by a tight corset is a stomach that sits here and it underneath the ribcage and so if the ribcage was pulled in by the corset the stomach is pushed downwards into the abdominal cavity and that would then have an effect on the rest of the abdominal organs which would be pushed down this is a pregnancy corset from 1885 some women even wore corsets when pregnant a particular choice came for women about the corset is what when they fell pregnant because many husbands complain they didn't want their their baby's head shaped and molded but there were women who continued to wear corsets through pregnancy which you know there's no no way at all that is possibly good for the baby one of the problems with corsets after pregnancy particularly women had a lot of babies was that of prolapse of the uterus the pelvic floor muscles haven't been weakened during childbirth and then a very tight corset that increases the pressure in the abdomen forcing all the organs down so that would have been a very unwanted side effect of wearing tight corsets now it's my turn I was a little bit tighter and it whether you can feel that I've got any yeah I can feel it yep yeah I confess I felt delighted to have a smaller waist a result hey I can see why they did it now 24 inches look 24 3/4 the Victorian household guides even advised on suitable exercises for a lady I'm just exhausted after day just that I'm not really that unfit honestly or am i we're going to use sport science equipment with Matt Ferber to measure the effect of the corset on my body yep I'm happy you happy yeah first I have to give him a baseline of fitness without the corset I exercise for six minutes now Matt monitors my vital signs with the corset on first how it affects me at rest and three two one go and I repeat the same exercise with Matt measuring my heart rate and airflow 16 m15 lovely good two minutes ago halfway through and maps already seeing the changes stop okay we just won again take a seat yeah I feel close to fainting and it takes two minutes for my head to clear and I'm not even tight laced breathing okay yeah okay last ten seconds excellent Laura you're free so what happened that right now let's get this off you as well what can science reveal about the effects of a corset so in terms of the rate in which you're breathing so even at rest you can see so you got that the red line is when you're wearing a corset in the blue lines not wearing it when you're not when your corset so you see even at rest when you're sitting down you're breathing in the corset around about you know twenty-three twenty-four breaths per minute whereas when you didn't have the corset on you're down about fourteen breasts a minute so it shows that even at rest of course it's really restricting and then when it actually comes to wash right when you do any exercise and we can see where your figures you know with the corset on your tidal volume so matter veil getting every breath is a lot lower so you're breathing approximately 200 to 300 meals less every single breath with the corset on gosh yeah so that's why at the end I felt like I was really fighting to yet to get in there absolutely you know really with these figures you can really see the impact the causes of restriction of course is having you're basically hyperventilating within the corset that's kind of what's happening because you'll be breathing an awful lot faster you know ten over ten breaths per minute it's an extra 25% faster wearing a corset you I've proved it's damaging but could it be a killer that chronic under perfusion not getting enough air down into the bottom of the lungs could cause problems it predisposes to infections like pneumonia and that was something that a very tight corset worn for many hours a day could cause problems with Foreman had an underlying problem it could exacerbate it so for example if a young girl had rickets from vitamin D deficiency to have soft bones that were still developing and they could be distorted very much by wearing a tight corset there are stories of the ribs breaking and piercing the lung underneath which could be fatal as the century wore on the corset became the focus of a huge debate women's possibilities for activity became much larger over the 19th century by the end of the 19th century it was there was nothing unvirtuous in going around on your bicycle in walking freely and so this vide wasn't very practical for them to be wearing corsets I mean simply didn't work and increasingly women began to say these are pointless that is getting in the way you know I spending hours in the morning getting myself into the corset when I could be doing something far more useful it really also coincided with the growth of the votes for women the idea that women were equal citizens so if they're equal citizens demanding the vote they shouldn't be treated as some kind of excessive ornament that are there to be looked at and they're to be admired and are ruining the health just so they look white for men the campaign for change was spearheaded by the rational dress Society established in 1881 Constance wild wife rasca edited the rational dress Gazette the rational dress Society protests against the introduction of any fashion in dress that either deforms the figure impedes the movement of the body or in any way tends to injure health by the 1890s some manufacturers had started to respond to demands for looser clothing yet one thing will probably never disappear the temptation to conform to an ideal of beauty whatever the cost why did women care and wearing corsets well for exactly the same reason as I was delighted to have a 24 inch waist it was psychologically rewarding even if physically it could take its toll the idea of that s-shaped figure we are completely in thrall to it even now so I don't think that we can really look back on the Victorians and say oh my goodness weren't they silly fainting when they sang falling all over the place because they will cause it I don't think we can say with that necessarily that far away I'm on the trail of the next household danger I'm heading to the kitchen courses weren't just worn by middle class when they were also worn by their servants as they carried out household tasks it almost beggars belief but at least those servants benefited from the proliferation of new gadgets designed to make their lives easier and safer well sort of this was a brave new world where the ingenious Victorian inventor felt he had the answers to any domestic problem but many of these inventions were difficult to use and proved to be dangerous and people were untrained in how to use them by the mid 1870s the Victorians were bringing services into the home piping in water and trying out new gas appliances and gadgets and of all the new inventions available what could be more desirable in these dark damp houses than something that offered heat and light gas was to open a whole new chapter of Victorian household catastrophes what we had in the past was everybody would be congregated around a single lamp and it would be either oil or a candle or something else and then all of a sudden people didn't want to live on top of each other all the time we wanted to find better ways of doing it and it was towards the end of the Victorian area that they started bringing gas lighting lighting that was actually capable of light in a whole room it was a massive step forward it was a four greatest innovation you could have a room that was completely lit they had coal gas said something it was called wood gas and they had another material called a water gas now these were highly poisonous there's no control there was no Scot it was just gas the worst killer was cos you couldn't actually smell it she'd have no idea until it was too late to basically you were just keel over and that would be the be the end of you in the second half of the 19th century the papers everything from the Worcester Evening News to the Western Gazette a full of stories of people dying horribly these aren't headline cases they're just little snippets that give the facts and figures so for example in the Manchester Evening News in 1886 there's a story of five boys suffocating in a loft or the this one from the Sheffield independent 1872 the lady was found confined in a bedroom with her infant and its nose and it says she must have unconsciously deranged the joint of the gas stove thus permitting an escape of gas all three were found apparently lifeless but why was such cases so widespread it may seem obvious to us now but at the time the dangers of gas were not known to the man in the street and the gas company's adverts didn't help matters some of the major gas companies coming out with misnomers that gas was actually good for people that you could actually have a room full of gas and walk in there with a naked light and it would be perfectly safe gas companies were popping up all over the place you couldn't walk a block inland and without seeing a gas company the rivalry was just huge but of course with rivalry comes cost-cutting what you also had at the time was unscrupulous activities going on between gas suppliers where they would actually sabotage their their opponents or their competitors by actually dropping the pressure to save money companies would reduce their own gas supply to customers at night the gas lamp would actually just flicker away and then blow out in the middle of the night and then the gas adjust seep into your home and you wouldn't be waking up in the morning it was the heart of the industrial period they wanted everything new manufactured to be the scene to be at the cutting edge of what was going on and that was then how they drove innovation through making something engineering something if it wasn't engineered it wasn't bid the speed of change was breathtaking but there was neither the time nor the will to test these products that would be sold to millions of consumers one of the most brilliant contraptions in this age of scientific progress was a system that could provide warmth throughout the whole house a massive improvement on open coal fires and drafty chimneys gasps central heating was a huge thing in 1800 they came up with the idea of a ceiling system ovid if it heat water exactly same as a steam train basically in a huge cylinder it was very volatile the pressure inside these boilers was just absolutely phenomenal they were running them all around houses you could have 10 12 15 16 radiators on each system but of course you could be sitting down a veneer in your lunch and this steam about doesn't open you could be tucking into your turtle soup and the next thing is a huge explosion and you'll be leaving the building without opening the door the pressure was just huge so it was only ever gonna end up in in one story really it was going to be an accident and people will die the main problem was that they didn't understand the dangers of what they were doing gas and cast iron hadn't been used in this way in the home before when they were actually doing the casting it was at the very forefront of that technology of understanding that that witnesses and flaws in that car in that casting could actually cause problems further down the line the inventive Victorian engineer having tackled heat and light now turned his attention to cooking stoves what could be so dangerous about a stove like this with an open system when you add the coal and massive flew with a smoke pouring up the chimney ventilation was superb because the air would run through the kitchen straight the chimney take all the smoke away but when they sort of encompassed it into a sealed container that problems were pressure and that problems were getting rid of the smoke because this the the actual ventilation and the draught there wasn't one to go through the system to take the smoke away so inevitably the kitchens become really smoky and of course this could lead to anything to suffocation if you avoided suffocating in the smoky kitchen you still had a potential problem they made sealer unit so important to them and use them sort of that like the modern-day kettle and of course this was a boil as a violin part because there's no release valves or anything like that of course these stoves were just exploding it was like a small time bomb just totally sealed unit they didn't understand the pressures and what happened when you introduced oxygen and he had these huge huge catastrophic explosions in kitchens towards the end of the Victorian era a new power source gradually came into play they were starting to turn away from gas because it was so volatile and go towards electricity basically but now electricity was a killer as well it wasn't under percent safe when they were you know first coming up with these ideas of light bulbs and because you mix electricity with gas so you bring your electric lights in we've sold a gas cooker and these gas cookers were left on you know the giant still corroded broke down and let gas escape of course you'd come down in the morning into any wonderful new electric light done and it's the first thing that explodes his is your gas cooker so the two of them that they weren't to go together it it was a recipe for disaster again it wasn't until 1923 that any safety regulations were brought in but the benefits of a warm cozy home meant that most were willing to risk the consequences invention was running a hundred miles lower and we just weren't quick enough to keep up with all the fitters over your Bruins skilled enough to keep up with it but the amount of deaths happen through negligence

An Easy Peasy History Of Indonesia!



Views:|Rating:|View Time:Minutes|Likes:[vid_likes]|Dislikes:[vid_dislikes]
It’s always Easy Peasy to Subscribe: We are going to make this easy. Easy peasy! In these lands of paradisiacal beaches, diving, the most …

The Hindu Interpretation of Creation | The Story of God



Views:|Rating:|View Time:Minutes|Likes:[vid_likes]|Dislikes:[vid_dislikes]
In India, Morgan Freeman learns about the Hindu’s story of creation at a shrine to Ganga. ➡ Subscribe: ➡ Get Season 1 of The Story …

Why the World Is Still Fascinated with Astrology



Views:564114|Rating:4.09|View Time:11:29Minutes|Likes:5300|Dislikes:1187
In the third episode of The Chosen Ones, host Gavin Haynes dives into the world of horoscope-obsessed astrologists based in his London hometown.

No matter how developed a society becomes, no matter how much they give rights to gays or develop nuclear fusion technologies, the idea of a future written in stars has been surprisingly potent to all sorts of people who are otherwise brain surgeons or lawyers or run F500 companies.

Gavin will put himself in the hands of lunar fixers, Indian Vedic astrologers, birth chart readers and whoever it is who writes the horoscopes in the Metro, to find out his personal destiny as a Scorpio and whether or not there is something we can all learn from astrology.

WATCH NEXT:
Inside the Strange, Psychic World of Indigo Children:

Click here to subscribe to VICE:

Check out our full video catalog:
Videos, daily editorial and more:
More videos from the VICE network:
Like VICE on Facebook:
Follow VICE on Twitter:
Read our Tumblr:
Follow us on Instagram:
Check out our Pinterest:
Download VICE on iOS:
Download VICE on Android:

I'm Gavin Hanes and I'm a Scorpio astrology has been helping people figure out who they should be having sex with for the past four thousand years women born in June will find their greatest happiness under the signs of Capricorn and Libra one of their signs tell us about this I'm John Dee advising Elizabeth the first – Ronnie Reagan's White House astrologer Joan Quigley it's a global cult with its own superstars like us astrology sweetheart Susan Miller hello Scorpio I bet you don't expect all the goodies that the universe has cooked up for you Oh South America's Liberace of astrology Walter Mercado the legend is buck Phil the best psychics know are the best prices me I still had no idea who I should be having sex with single people seem like the easiest prey but perhaps a short course of astrology would help me resolve things if nothing else I could figure out why so many still found it so appealing astrology that is back in Britain given how the moon seems to be turning the color of blood here since brexit this seemed like a good place to start hunting omens to get a grip on the state of astrology today I've come to Chyzyk to meet a kind of astrologer Harrods would sell you Caroline Faulkner is Harrods in-house astrologer the one the shakes in the Russian oligarchs haven't speed up when they run into a Leo going berserk for a little over 150 pounds an hour you too can indulge in herself created specialty of dynamic astrology which of course is better than astrology just sort of flopping about she also sells their own range of perfumes on the Harrods website a star sense and has helped in designing Astra nutritive skincare sessions for the likes of Dolce & Gabbana if it was good enough for the enemies of Elton John it must be good enough for me you're the astrologer for Harrods I am I have worked with some international royalty I've worked with millionaires and I've worked with them people who have absolutely nothing so could you just talk me through maybe how we read our natal charts all you need to find out is your Sun Sign your rising sign which is determined by the time you were born and your moon sign needle charts are serious astrology based on place and time of birth they don't just take into account the classic newspaper horoscopes Sun sign Taurus or whatever but also all the little fiddly planets rising and falling around it and you're going to draw my chart today are you this is your your full chart here okay because you've got Sagittarius rising your rising sign governs your direct personality Carolina laid it on with an elegant gold encrusted Herod spoon she told me that I was wonderful creative an impish spirit by turns serious and playful that I should go after my dreams worry less and live more if you've got a good sense of timing but you can sometimes disempower people very quickly with your smarts okay yeah with me all great advice also available at a range of lower-cost motivational posters at her price per insight it was also great that she was smiling and buttering me up when she gave it but would cheap advice be any less effective in an age that has brought us the scientific wonders of the atom bomb and the face swap app what is the man in the streets still getting from astrology why is astrology not in a way it helps you make decisions if you read something about what will happen what should happen did you first become aware of a star sign when somebody said something about my star sign that I liked you know because you don't believe in star signs unless somebody says oh yeah your star sign you guys rule like really really intelligent and then you're like you know what I am intelligent star science do have a little bit truth to them I mean do you think there's any point in it I think it's a lot of a for comfort like I don't have any direction in my life so I'm gonna read this and go with that do you know anyone who really believes in astrology most of my friends my family they believe in science they believe in God they believe in astrology they believe in most of things and I think it's quite contradictory I think there's anything wrong with doing something up is for fun I certainly wouldn't take anything like that seriously you know like stones are healing hours or what the sky says about your future Caroline didn't tell me that I'd meet a shaggy eccentric stranger in a moon Baddeck shirt but I still thought I'd keep my next appointment with Barry the 30 pounds a chart owner of the Covent Garden astrology shop come on out speak English yeah I speak astrology as I only spoke English I pulled up google translator my phone while he read in my charts what we need to do is though where the planets were when you were born and which way yes was facing so the first thing I see when I put up the chart Neptune is rising you had big pressure mode and you got huge secret but we know your emotional we know your deep you're one of the most sensitive caring people in the world until you see yourself as the Guardian the custodian of an ancient knowledge then epsilon societies yet couldn't always work out whether he was actually oblivious of others or maybe more connected than anyone but as he's some Age of Aquarius very aggressively at me then told me about how he predicted his own mother's death I figured whatever he was getting out of astrology it was pretty strong juice trained to be an astrologer even deep understanding of people's psychology and what makes some work Barry was right I'd come across a range of astrologers in my research who were leveraging their understanding a psychology by working as astrological life coaches a lot of positive stuff in the astrology this week let me tell you love and money are the same energy and it's really appropriate to talk about it when we're in Taurus and Scorpio when Neptune hits the Saturn it might feel like the rug is being pulled out from underneath you I was having ongoing problems with my head as well as my really shitty mercury so I made contact with a woman who could help me balance them all at 200 pounds a session she was even more expensive than Harrods and a hundred miles from London but visiting just had to answer I drove down impossibly long before psychotherapy astrology was one of the oldest lenses by which humanity could focus on the self I'm here to see an astro life coach what sorts of problems two people come to you with Oh everything from relationship breakups to work problems to existential crisis and what you generally advise them I never give advices well got my charts to hand and let's for summation wisdom out okay is there an area that you're dealing with at the moment in your life that you would like more clarity or perspective once I pondered whether now was a good time to tell her about how my head had led me into hanging around outside Lamaze classes looking for single pregnant women I could seduce Berta I decided to keep it vague um I mean I think I struggle with commitment that's what I see in your chart hey your scorpio is a freedom a freedom lover can we just pause for a second have your emotions ever led you to do something um wise can't say they have I mean what are we talking here that's very right can we pause again sure you're a genie was sort of regular tricky one I'm not a tricky you're a tricky one I've been yeah Villa Rosser I need I need to sort of thrash it out for a bit longer to to get to because what's happening is recycling a little bit which is fine Helen seem to be leading me deeper and deeper into my problems but never quite got round to leading me out by the end I was confused she was confused I wasn't even sure when problems entirely were anymore and I felt like maybe combining astrology and life coaching was about as good an idea as combining assault rifle hunting and DMT despite my best intent every version of the genre I'd so far investigated had felt like interacting with a slightly calamitous children's magician so I decided that maybe a man with a really big telescope could clear this up once and for all astronomy sounds a lot like astrology but according to dr. John Mason curator at the South Downs planetarium they're actually very different what's your star sign you tell me I'm seeing who is a Leo kind of guy you're totally wrong Scorpio now you're probably like a Libra and Leo or Scorpio well you've picked three now and you're wrong in all through Aquarius yeah you're wrong on four is it true that balls are flaming gas millions of light years away are influencing my love life no the actual processes themselves going on millions of light years away I'm not going to be affecting you physically do you think astrology could be useful even if it isn't true I don't think it's useful um I don't as a scientist believe you can predict the future and I don't think that people should be planning their lives on the basis of something that is mumbo-jumbo I know there are people who won't get out of bed until they've read this stars for the day all the week or whatever to me that's a tragedy and a fab thing okay you mentioned tests there have been tests done about the the proof or otherwise of astrology do you know a few there have been a few scientific dominations done on looking at people's characteristics and trying to match them to some sign astrology you show me any physical experiment that'll pick them up and then I might believe in them and the fact is that all the scientific tests that have astrology that have been done have come up with nothing dr. Mason was right of course and he could prove it with science astrology could only prove it with the far off arcs of planets but then for all the esoteric wingdings I've been subjected to it was at least true that astronomy couldn't tell us why we were here any more than astrology could I'd learned that maybe even the smartest amongst us needs to stop being so smart sometimes and a little bit more magic into our lives it may not be reasonable Camela be rational but look around you when was the universe ever reasonable or rational for all our LinkedIn endorsements we're still Apes swirling on a rock we've come a long way but despite our smugness there's still a beauty to be had in remembering that genetically we're exactly the same life-form who gazed up in baffled or stars some four thousand years ago and made up stories about them

HISTORY of Kathmandu Nepal my diary 1978 full documentary



Views:1033817|Rating:4.94|View Time:34:47Minutes|Likes:22833|Dislikes:284
Nepal 1978, this is my video diary. made with an 8 mm camera.In 1978 I made my first trip to Nepal. filmed a beautiful country. I also made : In the late 70s and early 80s, I’ve made ​​several trips through the Nepalese Himalaya 1978 Pokhara to Muktinath 1979 Around Annapurna 1980 Pokhara to Muktinath 1981 Langthan 1984 Jiri to Everest 1986 Jiri to Gokyo, this is my video diary. made with an 8 mm camera. By Ed van der Kooy .Weeks we stayed in Kathmandu.And the biggest adventure was a trek around the Annapurna.We had no maps, and no idea where we were going.But got help everywhere, of fantastic friendly people.some shots filmed 1979,early eighties . By Ed van der Kooy. edkooy 1950s Old Nepal full documentary.Seto Machhendranath chariot pulling festival BOTNATH Discover historic, old/rare photos, videos and arts of Nepal having huge archival and artistic values Lost Treasures of Old Nepal full documentary..must see and share kathmandu_durbar_square EDKOOY ED VAN DER KOOY The Forgotten Kingdom of Nepal maker clip princess shruti nepal portrait and forbidden kingdom lo monthang the band no reply documentary edkooy boudhanath Nepal full documentary (very rare
If you want to see more click:

DROPS IN A BUCKET // Official Documentary



I am very excited to release my first documentary as this film has been in the making for over 2 years. I met Geoff & Rita in 2009 doing humanitarian work in New Orleans. In the winter of 2010, I went down to Guatemala with their family and it changed my life forever. I knew I had to eventually find a way to document this type of experience. Geoff and Rita have moved their entire life to Guatemala and in this film you will see and hear beautiful stories from some incredible people. Time can’t be bought…it can only be spent. You decide what you want your life to be about. I hope this film inspires you to do more with your time here on Earth.

filmed, edited & music by
Dave Tebbutt

See a Salamander Grow From a Single Cell in this Incredible Time-lapse | Short Film Showcase



Views:|Rating:|View Time:Minutes|Likes:[vid_likes]|Dislikes:[vid_dislikes]
Witness the ‘making of’ a salamander from fertilization to hatching in this six minute time-lapse. ➡ Subscribe: ➡ Get More Short Film …

The Knight in Shining Armour – Historical Research



Views:|Rating:|View Time:Minutes|Likes:[vid_likes]|Dislikes:[vid_dislikes]
A meticulous discussion about the historical figure of the knight in shining armour, also talking about his armour and debunking many common misconceptions …

How learning German taught me the link between maths and poetry | Harry Baker | TEDxVienna



Views:996546|Rating:4.85|View Time:15:32Minutes|Likes:28042|Dislikes:897
In mathematics there are right answers. In poetry there are no wrong ones. Find out how learning a foreign language, especially one that can be as beautifully logical as German, taught World Slam Poetry Slam Champion Harry Baker the two were a lot more linked than he realised.

More information on

Poet and Mathematician Harry Baker has always had a love of language, and his work has taken him around the world and exposed him to many voices and languages used to express those voices. Living in Germany was no different!

This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at

المترجم: Alaa Eladle
المدقّق: Anwar Dafa-Alla قدمت في جامعة لدراسة الطب لكني غيرت مساري لدراسة الرياضيات وبذلك يكن لدي مزيدا من الوقت لكتابة الشعر (ضحك) شكرا لضحككم على خيارات حياتي. (ضحك) (تصفيق ) وبعيدا عن أولى قصائدي التي كتبتها، وكانت قصيدة رومانسية عن الأعداد الأولية، حدثتني نفسي بعدم وجود رابط حقيقي بينهما. أحببت الرياضيات لأنه دائما يوجد بها
إجابة صحيحة محددة، وأحببت الشعر لأنه لا يوجد به
إجابة خاطئة محددة. ولكن برأيي عندما غيرت اتجاهي
لدراسة الرياضيات كان عندي الخيار لدراسته بالخارج، واعتقدت بأنه سيكون أسلوب مرح
للعيش في بلد آخر وخوض تجربة الاحتكاك بثقافة أخرى. لذا، لمدة عام، عشت ودرست الرياضيات
في ألمانيا، ورأيت بأنها ستكون فكرة صائبة لمحاولة
تعلم اللغة الألمانية، لأني سمعت بأنها رائجة جدا هناك. (ضحك) عندما وصلت ألمانيا، كان مستوى تحدثي للغة يقرب من: "مرحبا، أدعي هاري" أنا انجليزي. هل تتحدث الإنجليزية؟" (ضحك) "لا."
-"اسطوانة." (ضحك) مع امتناني، وبمرور العام،
تحسنت مهاراتي اللغوية قليلا، وأود أن أشارككم بعض أشياء مما تعلمته. الآن، أعي أنني أتحدث عن تعلم الألمانية في دولة تتحدث بها، بينما أعتمد على الجميع في فهم
لغتي الإنجليزية، لكن لا داعي للقلق، "فلغتي الإنجليزية جيدة
بطريقة مبهمة." (ضحك) الذي صدمني في تعلم لغة ثانية هو بينما أن الجميع لديه نفس المقصد في أن يصبحوا فصحاء، هو أن السبل التي نسلكها مختلفة جدا. وقياس مدى تطورك في تلك الرحلة مستخدما جداول الأفعال وامتحانات القواعد، والتي تكون مفيدة للبعض، إلا أنها لم تحقق لي الإثارة الكاملة
التي يفترض أن تصاحب تعلم لغة ثانية. لذا بدأت أضع معالمي الخاصة التي بها أعلم إذا ما كنت أحقق تقدمََا. الأولى هي أنه بمجرد ان توجد هذه الأساسيات، أن تكون قادراعلى الوثوق بغرائزك . أتذكر شرح قصة لصديق حيث انتهى كل شيء على خير
وتجمع بطريقة رائعة، وجدت نفسي أستخدم كلمات مثل،
"تم حل كل شيء." لا أظن أني سمعت تلك العبارة من قبل، لكن كما قلت
بدت نوعا منطقية لي، لأنكم إذا صفقتم، فهذا نتيجة واقعية لضرب الأكُفّ بعضها ببعض. لكن أيضا إذا وضعت خطة ونجحت، تشعر ِأحيانا بأنك تصفق لنفسك كان الاختلاف عندما قلت هذه الكلمات، أدركت أنها العبارة المناسبة
لاستخدامها في هذا السياق، لأنها بدت طبيعية. وحتي تلك المرحلة فلو أني
لم أكن أعلم مرادفها بالألمانية، لكنت حاولت قولها بالإنجليزية بلكنة ألمانية وأحاول أن أنجو بنفسي. وعندها سأبدوغالبا أكثر من مجرد "أحمق." (ضحك) المرحلة التالية لي كانت عندما تبدأ بالحلم بلغة أخرى. يتحدث الكثيرون عن هذا، أما بالنسبة لجميع محاولاتك الخارجية، فهذه هي المرحلة التي تعرف عندها
أنك بدأت أخيرا تستوعب. وإليكم أول حلم حلمت به في ألمانيا، كنت في صف دراسي ألماني
أتعلم بعض المفردات الجديدة، وهذا لا يعني فقط أن اللاوعي قد استوعب
ما يكفي من الألمانية التي استطعت فهمها
لذا فأنا أحلم بها، بل أيضا يعني أنه استقبل بعض الألمانية
مما لم أستطع فهمه بعد وكان (اللاوعي )يحاول تعليمها لي في نومي. (ضحك) الآن، في حين أني لا أعتقد أن هذه أبسط وسيلة لتعلم لغة، إلا أنها كانت مشوقة نوعا وقتها. لكن المرحلة الثالثة لي ولحظة عرفت أن كل شيء سيكون جيدا، هي المقدرة على فهم تلك اللغة
والمزاح بها. أنا مولع بالتورية، وفي أي وقت يقوم أي صديق لي ممن لا يتحدث
الإنجليزية باستخدام التورية، أجد نفسي منبهرا به دائما. لذا عندما كنت أتحدث لصديق ألماني
والذي كان شاعرا، وكان يتحدث عن كيف،عندما يكون لديه أفكارا، تبدأ في التراكم مثل كرات الثلج
مكونةََ نوعا من كتلة أفكار. وأخبرني أن كلمة "كتلة الثلج"
يقابلها بالألمانية "Lawine". وعلي الفور قلت له: "حسنا، إذا كان لديك الكثيرمن الثلج
بين شهري مارس ومايو، هل سيطلق علي هذا ' كتلة ثلج أبريل'؟" (ضحك) وردّ قائلا، "هذا مذهل." (ضحك) "عليك أن تضيف هذا لحديث تيد." سيضحك الجميع كثيرا." (ضحك) أعتقد أن القدرة علي اللعب
باستخدام لغة أخري هو شئ مشوق جدا، وهو شئ لا تتح لك الفرصة دائما لفعله، بالتحديد، في اختبار القواعد- حسنا، أنت لا تأخذ درجة إضافية من
أجل التورية علي أي حال. ما مررت به كان شيئا سبق وحدث لي من قبل- في المدرسة كنت أنا وعدوي اللدود في
الرياضيات/ صديقي المقرب لوك كنا نسمي "المجتهد المتسرع". هذا هو الشعور الذي يتملكك عندما تصب تركيزك حول مفهوم أول مرة، أو عندما تقدرعلي حل مشكلة بإجادة. واختبرت هذا الشعور فيما بعد
عندما بدأت كتابة الشعر، سواء عندما تبدو الكلمات في مكانها الصحيح، أو عندما تخرج بإيقاع مُرضِِ ، أو ربما حين تفكرحتي في تورية تافهة. بالنسبة لي، حدث الفرق عندما دمجت هذا في محادثات يومية. سواءََ في بهجتي عندما يفهمني الشخص
الذي أمامي، أو عندما تتجمع لدي فكرة طفيفة
عما كانوا يتحدثون، مكوّنا جمل بسيطة مع بعضها لتصبح شبيهة بحل معادلات مصغرة. وتتضمن إدراك النموذج والإنتباه للتفاصيل التي أحببتها من الرياضيات، ومزجتها بالحس الإبداعي والقدرة على
التفكير خارج الصندوق الذي كان ممتعا حقا في الشعر. لقد احتوت الإثنين بطريقة لم أفكر بها سابقا وبطرق عديدة، تعتبر الألمانية إلى حد ما لغة
منطقية وحسابية. أتذكر سؤالي لزملائي في السكن
عما يقابل كلمة غلاية بالألمانية. قلت، "ماذا تسمون الشئ الذي يغلي الماء؟" كان ردهم، "هذه غلاية الماء." (ضحك) قد بدا هذا لي منطقي جدا، وكانت هناك جميع اللحظات حيث- (ضحك) كنت أشعر بالإثارة حقا. أتذكر حين اكتشفت، وصلت المنزل وأخبرتهم الكلمة الألمانية
المقابلة لكلمة "قفازات" هي "Handschuh"- لأنها تشبه حذاء صغيرا تضعه في يدك. (ضحك) واعتقدت أن هذا شئ لايصدق. وقالوا، (ضحك) "لمَ تهتم كثيرا بالقفازات؟" (ضحك) لكني أعددت هذه القائمة الكاملة
من كلماتي المفضلة. المفضلة على الإطلاق: علمت أن الكلمة الألمانية المقابلة لسلحفاة
هي "Schildkröte"، والتي نوعا تشبه نطق "غطاء ضفدع". وعندما اكتشفت هذا، بحثت على الفور في القاموس عن كلمة "قوقع"، لأني أملت أن تكون نوعا مثل "غطاء دودة". (ضحك) اتضح أن معناها هو"Schnecke" لكن المرادف لكلمة "كسول"
هو "Nacktschnecke"، (ضحك) لأنها تشبه نطق قوقع عاري. (ضحك) واعتقدت أن هذا كان رائعا. (ضحك) وقال زميلي :"لم جلبت القواقع إلى المنزل؟" (ضحك) لكن بطريقة ما هذه الكلمات مع بعضها
قد تكون ذات إيقاع شعري. أتذكرأن معني كلمة "قوس قزح"
هو "Regenbogenhaut"، التي تعني "قشرة قوس قزح"، والتي أراها حسنة نوعا ويبقي بها نوعََا غريبََا من المنطق. وبالمثل، وجدت أن كلمة "حلمة"
تعني "Brustwarze"، (ضحك) وتعني ''نتوء الصدر"، وهي حسنة قليلا، (ضحك) (تصفيق) لايزال بها منطقا غريبا نوعََا، لذا اعتقدت أنه من الممتع أن أحاول
وأنشئ كلماتي الخاصة. وحيث أعيش في هانوفر، يوجد إلى حد ما
نسبة كبيرة من الأتراك. لذا فهناك أماكن عدة تبيع كباب وشاورما
وأيضا فلافل. كنت سعيدا بحق عندما وجدت أن "فلافل"
تعني بالألمانية "فلافل". (ضحك) لكن كلمة "ملعقة" تعني "Löffel". إذا كان معك ملعقة ولا يمكن
أن تأكل بها الفلافل أبدا، يمكنك أن تطلق عليها "Falafellöffel". (ضحك) لذا كتبت قصيدة أسميتها "ملعقة فلافل"، وهي عن شاب يدعي فيل. قد ترون إلى أين سيصل هذا. تشمل بالفعل إيقاعََا من النداء والرد، التي تجدها بالكامل في الألمانية، لكن أعتقد أنكم تجيدون هذا قليلا أكثر من الإنجليز. "يشعر فيل بالشبع" تمرالليلة بسلام. يري فيل مشروع تجاري
ويسأل ماذا يبيعون. "Falafellöffel. Für Löffel
voll Falafel." – وتعني
"ملاعق فلافل لتأكل ملء الملعقة فلافل"- "ماذا؟" "ملاعق فلافل لتأكل ملء الملعقة فلافل." "مثل ماذا؟" "ملاعق فلافل لتأكل ملء الملعقة فلافل." لا يتحدث فيل الألمانية،
لذا وقف مرتبكا. هناك يقف صاحبنا فيل
وأحب فيل الفلافل. فى ياناصيب الفلافل
كان ليختلس جميع التذاكر. دائما يوافق على عروض الفلافل، حتي لو كان شبعََا تماما،
وإذا لم يوافق يكون مستاءََ. (ضحك) ومكانه كنا لنشعربأنها بسيطة أن تعيش حياة بلا فلافل. (ضحك) لكن فيل لن يهدأ
حتي يحصل على الفلافل. لذا لو عرض عليه ملعقة فلافل كان ليقول "نعم" حتي إذا لم يعرف
ماذا يكون بالملعقة! عند فيل الحياة عبارة عن حب وضحك
وبعدهما الفلافل. (ضحك) لذا فالرد "نعم" حتي إذا لم يعرف
ماذا يكون بالملعقة. إذا سقطت الفلافل عن الملعقة،
كان ليشعر بالأسي، (ضحك) لذا فالرد "نعم" حتي إذا لم يعرف
ماذا يكون بالملعقة. الفلافل المنتفشة تجعله متشككا
إذا كان صريحا، لكن الإجابة "نعم"حتي إذا لم يعرف
ماذا يكون بالملعقة. لو نصف ملعقة فلافل ملوثة
قد أصابته بالإعياء، حتي عندما نترك فيل
سيظل يراسل أولاده، قائلا "نعم" حتي إذا لم يعرف
ماذا يكون بالملعقة. دائما "نعم" حتي إذا لم يعرف
ماذا يكون بالملعقة. لذا عندما أقول: "Wie viel Falafel
ist zu viel Falafel؟- التي بالطبع تعني:بكم تبيعني
أكبر كمية من الفلافل؟ هل تستطيع الرد بتناغم، دفعة واحدة: "Vier Löffel voll Falafel
ist zu viel Falafel." – (ضحك) التي بالطبع تعني: أربعة ملاعق فلافل
هي أكبر كمية قد تأكلها! – إذا كان أي أحد لايتحدث الألمانية،
أستطيع أن ألقنكم، إذا قلتم من بعدي: "Vier"
-: Vier المتحدث: Löffel voll
الجمهور:: Löffel voll -Falafel
-Falafel ist zu viel-
ist zu viel- Falafel-
Falafel- رائع! (ضحك) بكم تبيعني
أكبر كمية من الفلافل؟ أربعة ملاعق فلافل
هي أكبر كمية قد تأكلها! – بكم تبيعني
أكبر كمية من الفلافل؟ الجمهور: أربعة ملاعق- بصوت أعلى!
بكم تبيعني أكبر كمية من الفلافل؟ الجمهور: أربعة ملاعق- بسرعة أكثر! الجمهور: أربعة ملاعق- أربعة ملاعق فلافل
هي أكبر كمية قد تأكلها حتي لو ترك على فراش الموت
بجواره رسالة لأولاده قائلا "نعم" حتي إذا لم يعرف
ماذا يكون بالملعقة. دائما "نعم" حتي إذا لم يعرف
ماذا يكون بالملعقة. بات فيل شبعا. (ضحك) مرت الليلة بسلام. (ضحك) رأي فيل مشروعا تجاريا
وتساءل ماذا يبيعون. "ملعقة فلافل. لتأكل ملء الملعقة فلافل" "ملعقة فلافل! لتأكل ملء الملعقة فلافل!؟" "نعم-انها ملعقة فلافل!
لتأكل ملء الملعقة فلافل!" عليك أن تبذل جهدا عندما تسافر! (تصفيق) أحد شعرائي المفضلين في المملكة المتحدة،
يدعي دزراييل، قال لي مرة أن تعلم لغة أخري هو بمثابة تعلم كيف تفكر بلون مختلف. وقد تحدثت مع أفراد آخرين وقالوا
بأنهم يشعرون كما لو كان لديهم شخصيات مختلفة بلغات مختلفة. وتعلمت مبكرا بينما أتعلم الألمانية أنه عندما أعبرعن رأي ما بالإنجليزية،
كنت لأقول أشياء مثل: "أعتقد، ربما، لوتسمح،
نستطيع أن نفعل هذا لو أمكن." أو: "أشعر بأن، تعرف،
إذا لم يسبب إزعاجا كبيرا، نستطيع إن أمكن أن نفعل ذاك." وفي الإنجليزية تجعلني أبدو
غير واثقا من نفسي، في الألمانية، تؤثر باستمرارعلى بنية الجملة وعندها لا أعرف أين أضع الفعل. (ضحك) نتيجة هذا كانت أن هاري في الألمانية بات في كلامه أكثر حسما ومباشرةََ أكثر من هاري في الإنجليزية، بوضوح، بسبب افتقاري لمهارات اللغة التي تجعلني أتشكك بنفسي بتلك الطريقة- (ضحك) والذي كان شيئا لا يصدق. تأثير جانبي آخر هو أن في الإنجليزية أعتقد بأنه من المريح قليلا
أن أتحدث إلى آلاف الغرباء أكثر من الدردشة مع أفراد، في الألمانية، لأني كنت متحمسا لتعلم اللغة، الدردشة مع الغرباء
أصبح مثل الواجب المنزلي. كنت متحمسا جدا لطرح الأسئلة ومعرفة حقائق بسيطة نوعا
عن حياة أناس آخرين لأن هذا كان نوع المفردات الذي استطعت فهمه. بالمثل، كنت متحمسا بحق للحديث عن نفسي لأني أردت أن أمارس اللغة. وبينما تعلمت من الألمانية
الرابط بين الرياضيات والشعر الذي لم أكن قادرا على تخيله سابقا، وتعلمت أيضا عن شخصيتي مالم أكن أترقبه. وأدركت أن هذه المعالم التي وضعتها لنفسي، وتعلم لغة ، كانت أشياء قد رأيتها من قبل. فيما يتعلق بالرياضيات، في حين أنها كانت صعبة في البداية أن تمرن رأسك على الأساسيات، وبمجرد تحديد المكان، أعتقد حينها أنك تستطيع البدء في الاستمتاع
والانتقال بينهم والوثوق بغرائزك أثناء فعل ذلك. فيما يتعلق بالكتابة، إذا استطعت الانغماس كفاية
في عالم القصيدة أو القصة ، عندها من الممكن أن تستجمع
هذه الأفكار من لاشئ. عادة أذهب للنوم
أو يغلبني النعاس أثناء النهار، بينما أكتب قصيدة، وعندما أستيقظ تلوح لي فكرة جديدة هناك، وهذا تقريبا كما لوحاولت
أن أعلمها لنفسي في أحلامي. والأمرالأخير يتعلق بشيئين، بينما أتعلم الألمانية، كما الحال في نواحي
عديدة من حياتي، أدركت أنه بمجرد أن تبذل جهودك في شئ ما ، بإمكانك أن تشعربالراحة الكافية
نحوه وتريد أن تخاطر، لكن أيضا عليك الاستمتاع بذلك هذا يحدث عندما يمكنك فعلا البدء
في المحاولة. بعدما أنهيت عامي الدراسي بالخارج، عدت للسنة النهائية في جامعة بريستول، وكنت قد انتقلت من صف المبتدئين إلى صف المستوي المتقدم
في اللغة الألمانية وفي نهاية العام أبليت حسنا نوعََا في امتحانات
الاستماع والتحدث، ولم أنجح في امتحان القواعد النهائي. ونجحت في الحصول على درجتي في الرياضيات، ومن وقتها تمكنت من دراسة الشعربدوام كامل، وجبت العالم أفعل ما أحب فعله. لذا بطريقة ما كانت رحلة فريدة من نوعها
وغريبة إلى حد ما لكن كل شئ "انطوي". شكرا لكم. (تصفيق)

Documentary about the History of Abu Dhabi UAE



Views:1017298|Rating:4.70|View Time:52:6Minutes|Likes:4185|Dislikes:269
This is an absolutely amazing documentary that gives glimpse of the history of Abu Dhabi UAE. The footage is amazing specially from the historic point of view.

Based on my guess footage is from late 40s, 50s and 60s. Its truly amazing to see one person’s vision for his nation and for the future of the country transforming into reality. Also how it positively impacted millions of lives and continues on……

Now for the negative comments that I will receive, I have to say one thing with the help of Mark Twain:
“Never argue with stupid people, they will drag you down to their level and then beat you with experience. — Mark Twain”

——————— Just a side note. I own a Design/Art Studio here in Abu Dhabi. Check out my website at : www.bebacreations.com —————–
————————-Follow me on instagram @bebacreations———————

the following program is from a the national Educational Television Network an ET journal a look at the events and issues of the world today at the wheel of this car is a man torn between two worlds he's an Arab sheikh who was born in an old Arabia and will die in a new one he worships Allah loves the desert and is one of the richest men in the world his name is zai yeah [Laughter] side rules a little kingdom in arabia called abu dhabi 20,000 people in a stretch of sand and salt flats about half the size of denmark to the tribesmen who follow him everywhere he's the undisputed boss his forefathers ruled the desert from the back of a camel he rides it in a limousine but he remains as they were the center of tribal life he's the man you serve the man you hunt with and the man you fight for above all he's the man who leaves wherever Zayed goes his men go to those who don't travel with Zayed come out of the desert to greet him they all owe their loyalty to him and they all expect rewards from him besides tastes have not been influenced by his money he likes the simple life to drive himself to go hunting and camping in the desert to be with his people to follow the ways of the old [Applause] five or six years ago the people of Abu Dhabi were sunk in the poverty of a thousand years or more 20th century had passed them by today their rulers ID is one of Arabia's nouveau riche whose acquired overnight a fortune from oil his income could give five thousand dollars a year to every man woman and child in the place enough to make Zayed a multi-millionaire superficially the old customs are unchanged the tent goes up as it always did the food is prepared as simply as before sides natural pace is leisurely almost indolent time is about the only thing that deserts been rich in until now time for coffee the time for talk time made into ritual from century to century from morning till night these girls will swing their hair these men will chant hour after hour in the desert there's no worth at least that's how it used to be but side with his money has began to learn better in his palace in Abu Dhabi Zayed had a brother his name was Shaq would and for more than thirty years he ruled Abu Dhabi in poverty and comparative peace jackboots rule was traditional his word was law but he stayed close to his people anyone was free to talk to him any day in the Majlis the Tribal Council and as long as they had no money they were all relatively contented and then in the 1960s Abu Dhabi's struck it rich and its trouble started in a year or two people were demonstrating about work and wages who'd never had either in their lives before the grumbles grew as the money mounted because Shaq would was a miser all his life he'd been a poor man now that he was rich the skinflint habit stuck and like a man who's won first prize in a lottery he found his money made few friends people began to say his brother's ID would be a better ruler he had a mind more open to the world he was generous he was a man's man but Zayed had sworn to his mother years ago that he would never harm Shaq would and for five more years he stayed loyal and the people waited he also the money poured in but Shaq would wouldn't spend it he was paralyzed by habit suspicion and downright fear he knew the harsh old world of Arabia he couldn't meet the challenge of the rich new one [Applause] by 1966 just five years after oil had first been found in Abu Dhabi Shaq puts wealth destroyed him zyz sent him into exile and took command himself say farewell to the old Arabia but how was he even with a new ruler the old light still goes on a timeless patient life dominated by the desert and the unforgiving Sun Arabia is a land of terrible heat and terrible bareness attractive desert as big as Western Europe practically untouched by the world until a few years ago to anybody who doesn't live there it seemed the land of mystery and romance full of the exotic promise of the Vale but are still people who think of it as the land of herrings and the Arabians in reality it's a harsh and lonely place only water makes Arabia beer where there's water there's life waters so important the d'Arabian oasis became the direct inspiration of the muslim idea of heaven and no wonder when you come to the cool shade of the Dead Gardens after the heat and emptiness of the desert the Oasis seems literally heavenly a place of pure pleasure [Applause] every well in the desert is like a port the camel caravans crossed the desert like ships cross the sea there are no frontiers no thick's territory no land belonging to anyone but are just the wandering bedouins and their camel has attached to each other as sailors and their ships bringing their trade to the desert market it's a hard life in Arabia and it breeds hard men but it is perfectly adjusted now to the hard land it's lived in as it was in the days of Abraham the father of all the tribes there's still a solid biblical rhythm about it if you want to know what the loaves looked like in the Bible parable here they are baking in Arabia today just as they did 2,000 years ago on the shores of ganodi my den suppose the fish have changed much either the women of Arabia still hide behind the veil as Arabia itself has done for centuries around the coasts the arab boats are made today by hand and i and ancient equipment much as they were when the spice trade and the slave trade kept them busy from china to the shores of Africa to the Arabs the sea was a source of wealth but the barren land could not provide fishing hurling trading smuggling and especially piracy Arab sailors in the Indian Ocean and the Persian Gulf preyed on the ships of Europe in the Indian trade in the end that piracy was their downfall with a few naval sloops and some of the queerest treaties ever devised by man the British Empire imposed on two-thirds of Arabia's coast the thin red line of peace but neither the Empire nor peace got much further than that the sea was all anybody cared about as long as that was safe the land could rot and so it did in neglect and perpetual tribal warfare beyond the coast most of Arabia lay untouched until 20 years ago [Applause] god is great there is no god but God and Muhammad is His Prophet the religion of Arabia by tradition is as forbidding as the land it's nearly 14 centuries since Arabia was the birthplace of Islam but it's still the home of the most devoted of all the followers of Muhammad [Applause] Islam means submission to the will of God in the desert there isn't much you can do but submit and pray for God's mercy submission makes everyone equal a ruler like Zayed is no different from other men in the sight of God he submits like them and wherever he is he prays like them and with them to William and Hamidah hello assalamualaikum or a little or assalamualaikum over the war the Prophet decreed that the faithful must pray five times a day from dawn to dusk you can pray together or alone with a priest or without one but your submission to God is complete you're his slave and you can count on your fingers like a rosary in 99 different ways may God be praised may God be praised may God be praised oil has ended the centuries of Arabian isolation oil means money it's worth nearly six thousand million dollars a year around the Persian Gulf a low dollar most of the Arabian oil fields have been in production less than 20 years their wealth is cracking the old life of Arabia widened to most of us oil maybe just the stuff that drives the car to Arabia it's a revolution there isn't a thing it leaves untouched it makes the desert rich it brings the prospectors of the lawyers and the mapmakers to divide it for the first time in history oil brings soldiers to enforce peace inside Arabia frontiers need soldiers to patrol prospectors need soldiers to protect so the tribesmen who once fought each other and raided the ships and commerce of the world are paid and trained as soldiers to maintain the new law the poachers of a thousand years have been turned in a generation into gamekeepers the book men are you sir hotels are to pop to an aerosol 245 zat to four or five money begins to make its mark everywhere kena the shake gets millions the soldier only a scrap but it buys a new life so both of these little cool to watch right here tain one tart tart tart on his hunting trip side chases the desert game with a string of Falcons as long as his purse 20 years ago he probably have gone hunting on foot with only a few birds to help him now he takes anything up to a hundred each of sides followers has a falcon to look after they train them stroke them talk to them practically sleep with that like racehorses they're the pampered darlings of a rich man's camp like racehorses they're cost big money the good bird will fetch $600 or more imported from Syria or Iraq it would sell much oil money in Arabia now the price is rising every year oh sure the show sure sure oh sure sure sure the show sure but nothing escapes the touch of money money changes all relationships when Zayed visits his neighbors now the traditional feast for a visitor becomes an operating to a wealthy benefactor instead unlike many of Arabia's oil millionaires Zayed believes in sharing his wealth he told me once the oil business is like a lottery I might still be poor and my neighbors might be rich so we ought to help each other he's already given away millions sides hosted this feast was one of his poorest neighbors but now the zayed has touched his palm with silver and there won't be quite so core the feast is traditional goats meat chicken and rice and when the VIPs are finished the lesser man move in it's always the custom in arabia for the poor to eat at the rich man's table or rather after rich man's flaw when this lot have finished they'll still be more to come in descending order of rank and ascending order of hunger it's not the most elegant spectacle and it's not the choicest food but in a harsh and hungry land any excuses welcome for a blowout especially when it's held for a man with money me one of us and built yet liberal columbus the mama madam for crease our lien couldn´t who just my own and guilty' herbert to mama man and a llama dog gold with us the old arabia pulls at the heart the world wears i'd was raised where he always likes to be around the campfire and the cooling of desert night among his men listening to those endless arab fairy tales but the audience knows as well as the story of love and beauty and a thousand and one nights when the hunting's over and the caravans resting this is how they've passed the time for a thousand years ee what did you hear Cerebus herman this is the old and sometimes beautiful Arabia where time is endless and patience more so but in the new Arabia time is money and that clothes of the purse strings this is the Arabia of the air-conditioned desert the sanitized sterilized caravan of the 20th century with its international Welsh and international accents you can play to display doors for these people the old Arabia hardly exists the mystery and the romance saw the harshness and the poverty it's all one in the oil companies paper see you guys later today my Arabia is just another job [Applause] the fairytale is over and everyone now will live happily ever after in the dream world of the Arabian Nights well old method Angleton aged version Salman Obama you saw it but in the real world of Arabia tomorrow it's not so easy not even sides best friends can promise him a happy ending to his modern fairy tale that's only just begun you can't reconcile the old life with a hundred million dollars a year as his brother shackford learned you can't even choose whether you'll have the old life for the new God and the oil business have already chosen for you from now on you can only try to ride the terrible tiger of the 20th century and wonder if it will not eat you in the end by the International Jets and the local runabouts the vultures of world commerce descend on sides Little Kingdom they're perfectly decent vultures just bankers and businessmen doing their job a hundred million dollars a year is a nice piece of export market to get your hands on especially when the place so obviously needs your help 10 years ago when I first came to add the tabie there was only one plane a week now there's more than one a day and the old place can't quite cope could be no no it's been quite some improvement here in four years since I've been here we expect to see some floor shows when I get on into town with no striptease also now no hassle too much in abu-dhabi town at first sight there isn't much sign of change checkbooks static rule left the town nearly as squalid as it always had been and some of these people hardly know yet what's going to hit them now sides ready to spend his millions the others are still dark and dead the beggars waked patiently for the faithful Muslims to do their duty as the Prophet ordained and give them arm this is what Arabs call the soup the bazaar or marketplace and in Abu Dhabi its Bond Street and Fifth Avenue and the neighborhood supermarket all rolled into one for the Arabs of the desert it's got everything we mean by bright lights and the big city it's not much of a place but this is where 20,000 people are going to Cher's ides inheritance of a hundred million a year some of them have got a share in it already they've bought big cars to go bumping over the unmade tracks big lorries to cash in on the building boom and they've also learned I'll throw them away like all good modern men there are four and five floor office blocks instead of shanties and concrete instead of mud the modern world our world is taking over I remember for instance not long ago when there wasn't a single bank in Abu Dhabi now these buildings are all banks money in the bank means money to buy with and the beach should abu dhabi is piled with purchases Abu Dhabi was built on a sandbank so it's never had a proper harbor but that didn't matter much when they was nothing but a few dates to ship out and a few tins to ship in now the whole modern world is dumped into the same air conditioners and deep freezers timber and steel cement and typewriters fans and filing cabinets you name it and you'll find it here sweeping in like a tidal wave on the old Arabian Shore we call these construction machines they're also weapons of destruction they can rip up an old road or knock down an old house even faster than they can build new ones and an arabia now they can and do tear an old way of life to shreds before a new one has properly begun not that many Arabs object in fact most of them are only too glad to help with the destruction of their old way of life they can see the vision of a better life in a bulldozer and they want a piece of it someone who must try to strike a balance between building new and wrecking the old that someone is the ruler sighs I'd knows from experience but if he's too slow to destroy the old world he may be removed like his brother Shepherd but if he tries to build the new world too quickly he may destroy himself just as surely knife azide has become a perpetual balancing act between the personal leadership of the past and the faceless impersonal administration of the future like Shaq but he still holds his modulus every day so that his people can meet him greet him talk to him and complain to him in the traditional desert way the ritual is unchanged the coffee has served time motion and people seem as leisurely as ever but behind the appearance of traditionally the revolution is creeping in the Majlis doesn't last all morning anymore Zoid can only give his people an hour of his time and even that's interrupted by the demands of the modern world when must bubble let me fill movies that I should have black welcome to the International businessman welcome to the salesman to the experts to science and high finance maybe welcome to the con men too until desired learns to pick them from the rest of course we will sit down together and of course they're all equals east and west the world and Arabia the courtesies of the old world mingling with the business of the new which we got but it's the new comers in business suits to get the places of honor at side side and not just because Arab hospitality demands they should be favored they are there because they represent power the power to provide the people of Abu Dhabi with anything Zayed can now afford to buy still the ritual goes on balancing the new with the old the first thing a visitor must do in Arabia is to learn patience you can sit for hours in places like this and never do anything but ask after each other's health all in good time and all by the will of God never do today what even put off till tomorrow never act if you could talk instead the tribesman with the problem comes desired to sort it out everybody else must wait patience and still more patience but now there's a hundred million dollars of good hard cash burning a hole in patients every year that's business but won't we it may be the will of God that's given it to epidemic but it's the will of man and especially that we lives I that has to decide what to do with it now five years after the oil began to flow a bird a big of nothing but peace me of changes now Zayed has come to power with a plan to make a bird a be the model state of Arabia with all the paraphernalia of development in the first few months of his rule he awarded seventy million dollars worth of contracts and he's out every day to spur on the men who are making him a brand new kingdom this will be going on the parks in a while and the second stage would be done next spring or next summer whenever your highness besides I would continue our know into the very deep water for the large freighters the large perimeter people who has a definite interest in Lombardy and in the wallop terminus definitely be amazed if a midwife the machines that come ashore on the beach are pounding the desert into new shapes the men who descend from the airplanes are drafting a new word working Mexico yes day night it's a world where time and opportunity have changed places yesterday time seemed endless and the opportunities few today time is short the opportunities are infinite partially a mile which we have discussed a few in your office when mr. greens bar Zoid told me once he didn't know what would happen in 10 years time but he felt he must give everything to his people now because they'd had nothing for so long schools and hospitals Wells and houses an artificial deepwater Harbor to replace the Abu Dhabi Beach a four-lane highway and the water pipeline across the desert an airport with a runway longer than London's this is just the location of it now you are approximately in this area here direction see are you honest and as we were going down the road of course it'll change everything sides told me that too the first thing to go he said would be the Adams love for his camel but what's a camel to a vc10 Oh serious who would take very easily four or five big PC tears okay I need to know provided anticipation skylight minute Clara Elia of course the smaller the DCC it would take quite a favor to one of the difficulty things that we don't know how many air five will be coming in here your eyes and this is one of the things which you yourself will have to sighs how many airlines you'll permit to come into our dummy and this will of course govern the number of aircraft at any one time edia she decide why don't you choose act we water sometimes under these new imperatives zayed acts pretty hastily and harshly thank you via the Yarra when he dismissed this plan for a new souk in Abu Dhabi with scarcely a moment's thought over all the unhurt small-scale mom yes yes that show detailed plan just gets bigger man still has a local minimum rather what with all the UH neither what no no no never never never take it away and start again so two months work is demolished in a moment he who pays the piper calls the tune in the courtyard of Zoids palace the centuries slide back again a moment ago Zayed was the modern oil tycoon aloof and decisive now he's back in the road of shake the universal uncle to his people the feudal lord with his followers in procession to the daily feast to the tribesmen of the desert used to bread and dates in the sand sides table is a revelation it's loaded with more food than many of them have ever seen and it really is a table and not just the floor the idea of a free meal for all sides followers is traditional and he rarely sits down with less than 50 men but the forms and the food a new money talks here through waiters in black ties through plates and soup spoons and a whole new ritual of table manners to master like the newly rich in any part of the world the Arabs of Abu Dhabi are learning to keep up with the Joneses snobbery is the latest local vice even good lucky these are our rulers look what's this you know yes see that's the door what's that and what's this while the fathers learn new manners a few of their sons learn new tons foreign languages and foreign teachers bring foreign ideas that's the ceiling yes this is the floor he has a person he has a room there's a picture 700 PS start up yes that's the window but the old ways are still the only ways for most of a radius children schools like this where the boys learn the Holy Koran by heart haven't changed in a thousand years it's still the only sort of school most kids ever see if they're lucky enough to see a school at all there are immense of the old Arabia was always a bit of an illusion in reality the place was and still is full of desperate poverty and sickness there wasn't a single hospital in Abu Dhabi until a few years ago and doctors were hardly ever seen now there's this American Mission Hospital overburdened overcrowded forced to compromise like everything in Arabia between modern standards and old habits it's something that we have now wanted to exist these patients being in all together but we've been working on it and we haven't come up with a good answer simply because we don't have enough staff to watch all the doors we lock the front door and they come in the back door or the side door so we gotten sort of used to it over the years so that now we don't mind it much when they're all in there together it's their hard luck they can't have the privacy now the personal examination of the doctor and the little children often have diarrhea's or fever colds and sores and abscess and such to take care of and then the local herbs seem to head their share of accidents falling out of a palm tree or off of the camel and there seem to be sort of dangerous and they fracture a limb or break a hip and most all of the people are suffering from I am that's a run sort of not another from the youngest child to the oldest man with the ailment of Tripoli which is about 99% prevalent here many of them are suffering from tuberculosis more and more we are detecting this disease as we go on with x-ray come on Heather cannot demand Heather there hey need enough I started shreya huh Mike Beth Ninian tradition still throws a veil around the women of Arabia that even the doctor can't quite penetrate his examinations here are probings in the dark when you're a doctor doctor any cheery haneish you had it Heather open minoan wasn't Lee Watson Oh women are the most conservative force of all he secluded unchanging uneducated and fatalistic they accept a lot meekly and they do their duty faithfully as the handmaidens and chattels of men but for how much longer one even under the thornbush the doctor arrives with his medicine and every jab with a syringe becomes a sort of revolution hey Bridget did Thanks some of it may be still a bit like faith-healing no doctor's skill could have cured this man's tuberculosis the most that medicine could do is to give him a sort of comfort on the way to death but if the twentieth century medicine doesn't always work it does challenge that submission to the will of God that accepts death whenever it likes to strike so Islam itself comes under attack God's will always seems more flexible when you can meet it with a millionaire's money of yonkers empty estimates forever Davi for the year 1967 the total revenue as estimated is 41 million two hundred and 2080 dinars Orlando Kabul for the ruler the days are over when he had so little money that nobody cared how he spent it now Zayed must have a budget and a British accountant to keep the books development expenditure is estimated at at twenty three million two hundred and seventy five thousand six hundred and seventy-one dinars Wow Masseria thought will fill Amara every penny is another nail in the coffin of the old Arabia and maybe in the life of Zayed – do you know you haven't included the airport building here the airman or building your building hasn't been tendered it hasn't intended her but you this goes in the lumps of this bad girls in a lump sum of a billion dollar one when I think this included all the expenditure there are things like the police for instance where it's impossible to get a true estimate we have to wait the arrival and the other new people to give us these estimates I've put in a third of a million dinars for them to give them authority to spend outsides ides office time still seems endless and patient still comes easily his people have given up their lives to Allah what God wills they still accept but the signs of dissolution are all around them like the leisurely old worlds cast-off furniture and the new office chairs that are waiting to take its place as the officers grow the people seem to shrink when Zayed was simply the leader of a tribe these men could meet him every day now he's the administrator of a modern state he's forced to shut them out of his life they can only wait while the world moves in in a business suit this what happened asleep even Zayed is a little less sure of himself we can ask the new questions and make new demands but who can give him the answers this is hansmann for this year of course giving him something very approximate for next year's I had liked it as precise as possible I'm hoping that the exercise in the coming year we'll give us a material for next year but at the moment there is nothing to go on from there uncertainty about the new way of life died and his men go back to the desert as often as they can the desert is still home the place they knew before they were rich and the only place they will really know until the day they die in the desert for a day or a week or a month they can go back to their old and simpler ways to a genuine sense of comradeship that the modern world leaves no time for there are no budgets and civil servants here no plans no figures no complications no closed off his doors nobody never come in it no no we was unified the bill – of regular mundum deadly weapon system code there's the sky the heat the emptiness and the infinity of time that they've always understood out here they can all be sure that themselves again they can relax and be men again or perhaps being only men they can just be boys I'd the ruler can let his hair down here and be one of the boys fighting a mock battle with his secretary on trips like this the desert is an escape a recovery of innocence the return to Eden but like all escapes it's also an illusion the innocence is lost and will never be recaptured because the old Arabia of isolation hardship tribal war in which had flourished has been swept into the world at last the unknown land has been more than just discovered it's been uncovered in the past ten or twenty years and dragged naked into everybody's sight of course this doesn't mean that the old Arabia is disappeared in the space of the last few years it's still a hard land that breeds a hard people tough individuals like Zayed and his men and some of them still fighting a rearguard action against the assaults of the modern world they are people what all the same in the end the 20th century Brooks no defaulters here in Arabia one of the last of the lonely lands is surrendering it's a independence from now on its people will have to face like the rest of us the infinite hopes possibilities and disillusionment of the modern Universal world

Inside the Strange, Psychic World of Indigo Children



Gavin Haynes has come from England to America to investigate the secret world of Indigo Children, a select group of people who believe they were born with “indigo” auras and possess special and supernatural traits and abilities. Though many of these children have been diagnosed with ADD or ADHD by health care professionals, Indigo parents maintain that their children do not have these conditions, but are instead running on a different astral plane unbeknownst to regular people. Critics maintain that these children are not receiving proper mental health care.

On his journey for answers, Gavin has his aura photo taken, undergoes a holistic dentistry examination by a mother/daughter Indigo pair, and attends a concert for Indigo rap duo The Underachievers, who are preaching Indigoism as a way of life.

WATCH NEXT:
Music For Dogs, By Dogs:

Click here to subscribe to VICE:

Check out our full video catalog:
Videos, daily editorial and more:
More videos from the VICE network:
Like VICE on Facebook:
Follow VICE on Twitter:
Read our Tumblr:
Follow us on Instagram:
Check out our Pinterest:

– Without thinking, just say, "I am color 'X.'" What color do you think you are? – A creamy orange?
G: Yes–
– Okay– G: …An off white, like you might have at your walls in the late 90's. -We are going to do your aura photo. We find, more often than not, people will actually get their color right. We have the sense of who we are. G: Can't wait, let's see what happens. – Now let's put your hands on this plate
G: Feels a little bit like the electric chair – There's little… little danger here
G: Okay
– Here we go An aura is a colored band that some people say they can see around the human body Showing it's spiritual states Few can see them but I found a man called Eric Sage who said he had a camera that could do just that. It seemed like an odd job, looking at people's auras every day. A bit awkward to be stepping in on something so private. But I supposed Eric was a professional, like a gynecologist or such. E: That's pretty good. G: This is Tinder gold right here. [Laugter followed by mystical music] When I was 4, I had many visions of meeting God. Of meeting new people. G: Indigo children. Astral beings sent to guide us all to a higher plane… or hyper children running around with untreated ADD? – How can you tell if your child is gifted or has a disorder? Some parents and even some doctors believe that a number of children today are gifted with psychic powers. They call them "Indigo Children". G: The term has been around since the 1970's, coined by psychologist and medium, Nancy Ann Tappe Who claimed that she'd noticed a sharp uptick in the number of babies born with indigo-colored auras. But it was in the 90's that the phenomenon took off in the mainstream. Thanks to the book "The Indigo Children: The New Kids Have Arrived" By husband and wife team: Lee Carroll and Jan Tober. Say you're an Indigo, um, and somebody comes up to you and asks you a question about their life And you could tell them what it was and how it happened They entered all of our homes: Oprah featured them, documentaries exposed them, And all across America thousands of parents refused to swallow their kids ADHD medicine. Rejecting medical disgnoses in favor of declaring their kids as Indigo – I think its a stab at trying to apply a more positive label to these children rather than the more pejorative terms like ADHD. G: Many of the kids who were raised in its shadows are now adults. Do they still see it as their glorious destiny… Or as something much less benign? For all my motherfucking indigos that are in the building, let me hear real quick. [Crowd cheering] I've come to America to see how brightly the indigo movement's aura is still shining. My journey began in New York, where I was in Sheepshead Bay to meet a full-blown adult indigo. It's been hard to put a definition on what exactly indigo is. The Indigos are a leaderless group. But Edward, the man I'm about to meet, is at least the leader of the New York City Indigo meet-up group. So, perhaps he'll have some ideas. Edward claimed to be on an intense spiritual journey, which was in part why his apartment contained no furniture. He first diagnosed himself indigo over a decade earlier, after an online test. Hello, Edward, I'm Gavin. I've come over from England to search about Indigo children. I gather you're the boss of the NYC meetup group for Indigos. Yes, I'm…I'm the founder. So what are the key Indigo traits? Highly psychic or intuitive. Many of them will be capable of healing other people, whether emotionally or energetically or physically. Non-conformative to anything from school to parents to jobs. That is why many of them are out of place, they just plain and simple different. There is no label to it. It's not ADD or ADHD. It's, ummm, it's just a different vibrational, energetical type of a person. The whole notion of Indigo, the whole idea is to pretty much change the way of the world. In every aspect. G: Hmm, and what are you here to do differently? My spiritual journey is to help people. To bring the change individually as well as on a group level. Through spiritual awakening, consciousness awakening. And change all the patterns you acquired one lifetime after another. Umm, could you perhaps read my past lives? I will, I will need to shut my eyes for a moment to give you an answer for that or that, Umm… Edward didn't seem to be getting any information about my past life. Was that the psychic's protective boredom threshold kicking in? Even I wasn't sure. So okay, so its a very interesting thing. First of all I am not getting any information about your past life. But… Still some information came through that I was told to relay to you. Okay. A little bit of information. Actually first of all you are an indigo yourself. I am an indigo? Yourself, first of all. Second of all it is so, find your core. Find what moves you and makes your soul and your heart sing. And do that. You will be able to bring a lot of changes and beauty to this world in your own way Okay. Well and on that uh bombshell this is Gavin Haines, Indigo, signing off with Edward Tarashchansky, Indigo… ish. Very nice meeting you brother. Edwards message, to find what moves me, was very inspiring. But, as what moved me was cock fighting and the films of Michael Bay… Perhaps I was going to struggle to bring joy to the much wider world. The upside to being diagnosed Indigo was that I was now part of a kind of extended family. I wanted to go meet more of my brothers and sisters. So I went to see the Brands. Idelle who was a holistic dentist and her daughter Diandra who was an indigo healer. Hi Hello Holistic dentistry it turns out was just like regular dentistry. But with tuning forks sending out psychic vibrations, spiritually charged crystals for patients to hold during their root canal and funky esoteric necklaces. So, not much like regular dentistry then. What does holistic dentistry entail? Holistic dentistry entails uh working with materials for the patients highest good. You want to use dental materials that are bio-compatible. Therefore you don't want to use anything that's toxic, like silver/mercury fillings are very bad. We also avoid fluoride because fluoride is a neurotoxin. Now Diandra, you are a uh, Indigo? Yes. At 16 I became a full blown intuitive. I started seeing angels around people. I started seeing colors, that's the etheric field. The chakras on people. Uh, then I started talking to other forms. So Angels, Archangels, ascended masters, God/Goddesses, etc… So for me it wasn't about separating myself or thinking that I was weird or different. It was just about knowing that there was something more and what can I do with this gift. We've written this book, "Enlightened Indigo Child". So that parents and children together can learn what they need to do to have a very healthy child. And all these kids are being institutionalized and labelled with some horrible mental or emotional disease which they don't really have. Say with the example of Diandra was she ever labelled as a uh… Well she was, was labelled as uh having some sort of disability, a learning disability. Now here is a child who is absolutely brilliant in more ways than one. And uh, we have a teacher who thinks she has got a problem. Okay. I know my child better than any teacher. I know she doesn't have a problem. If anyone has a problem, its the teacher and the school system. The browns offer to show me one of the services that made their dentistry holistic. Specially made tuning forks to detox the body and balance its energies. B flat. The reason why we got into this was because I had my own challenges. I had lyme disease for 8 years. Oh ya? And when I had it I was quite handicapped. Conventional medicine said that I would never be well and I should just close up my practice and go on permanent disability. And that was gone when I took the weekend course in the tuning forks. It changed me. It changed my whole life. Sitting in the dentist chair having tuning forks waved around me felt very luxurious. But its a bit like when I was a kid and they had calming pictures of Donald Duck on the ceiling at the dentist. *Tuning forks chiming* *Laughing* It's over, how are you? Just kind of tripping balls there, ya. I bet, I bet. Idelle seemed to place a lot of weight on her daughter's specialness and the dynamic between them was certainly intense. "Ascent almost" fire of the auric field????? Flemington, New Jersey. When we heard there was going to be a psychic fair at the local Elk Lodge my own psychic sense told me that maybe we could find an indigo or 2 here. Well the stones have all different property. For example we have like our rose quartz. Yeah. When you're looking for love. Uhh can we get a couple of them? How much are they? They're 3 dollars a pop – Bargain. Are you uh indigo? Do you know any indigos? Yes I'm an indigo. Are you? Yes. Okay. Well how does it feel? Umm, it was interesting now as an adult I can say I was out of body. And I was more comfortable out in nature or in solitude than I was comfortable at school or with other kids. So what are you doing here at the fair? I am… I am a shamana. Which means a female healer. So I'm doing etheric surgery and armor removal. Which means I scan a persons auric field to see what structures are there that are blocking the flow of spiritual energy. Well it sounds like very important work and uh, thank you very much for sharing. Oh well thank you, thank you so very much. Not only was this a 1 stop medi-clinic for etheric surgery, a psychic fair was also full of the usual; Clairvoyants, gemstone salesmen and auric artists. Uhh, love the artwork. Thank you. What, is there something representational here? Chromotherapy, color healing, working with colors. What about indigo? Is that a color that you would incorporate into your pallet? Ya, indigo is a very powerful color. Are you aware of the concept of indigo children? I have an indigo child. Do you? I do. And uh what is it like to be an indigo mother? And is that a special thing? Well you kind of buckle up. And sit back and relax as best as you can because they are always on the go. They are very knowledgeable. They're very insightful. To the point where it can be a little bit spooky sometimes how they know things. Was this child asked to be put on medication at any point? I, uh… pretty much refused medication. Okay. We used um… sugared iced tea. What's that? Um… Iced tea… Okay, sugared iced tea, ya. That has sugar uh… because it reverses. It calms them down. Like uh, if she had a test, she would get really really nervous. So in the morning I would be sure… Cause normally sugar would hype kids up. And it has the reverse effect on my daughter. That is one to ponder. Thank you very much for your time. Good to meet you. Turns out I've been treating myself as an indigo for many years with sugared iced tea and didn't even know it. Indigos seem to be plugged into a higher spiritual switchboard. I began to wonder what would happen if I dialled out to modern psychology. It was time to seek out professional help. Thanks so much for sitting down with us. Um why don't you just start by telling us a little bit about your practice. Well I'm a clinical psychologist and I work with children, teens and adults. I specialize in ADHD. What are the key symptoms of ADHD? Many people know the basic ones of lack of focus and inattention. Difficulty getting started on tasks, so thats procrastination. And once you get started on something its very hard to maintain effort. So you kind of lose effort and focus. Uh, difficulty actually regulating your emotions. That sounds like a lot of people I know. Its not so much the symptoms as to the severity. I mean what does treatment involve for ADHD nowadays? Basically nowadays uh, ritalin, adderol, concerta, vivance. Stimulants are the main treatment So you very much believe that ADHD and ADD are real things, real entities in the world. These are diagnosable conditions. Absolutely. You mentioned earlier, um, a case of a woman who came to you with a child who potentially had ADHD but she had diagnosed as indigo. Ya. Taken away from you again. What happens if ADHD goes unchecked? Years of undiagnosed ADHD lead to school failure and if its super hyperactive maybe he can't make friends and keep friends. And, uh, year after year of failure, uh, compounded leads to real pervasive and deep shame about oneself. Which is uh, the recipe for you know depression and anxiety and drug use and also… and then possibly jail. Recognizing a child with ADHD can, can draw well, or horseback ride or do something unique and supporting those gifts is great. But saying that you uh, without doing anything are unique and special and uh, different than every other child is not helpful. You think they're making mini-monsters? Children who can only be isolated? Yes, right. Narcissists. Ya. Ya. And that's a bad thing? Yes. The older I've gotten the more I've realized that my drawing usually is really much better than I think it is when I just don't judge it at all. When I kind of just draw. Just free-styling. And there's no judgement – just free-styling. Oh! This is actually the chakra test that I took online. My indigo third eye was 89% and it was the most active. 89% ya. Seraphina was diagnosed as indigo at a young age by her Mother when she started recognizing her… extraordinary gifts. Were you already interested in the idea of indigo children or was it something that appealed to you? Very much so. Ya very much so. Ya. I think from the time I was in my twenties I began delving into spirituality and the meaning of life, vibrations, past lives. When did you first realize that your daughter was an indigo child? Oh very very early on, from the moment that she was an infant The unique way Seraphina sees the world, visually, um, in terms of perspective its very different. G – Some people feel that indigo children have been sent here to open up the world to a new age. Ya I've heard of that. G – Do you feel that you have been sent here to open up the world to a new age? I feel that I've been sent here not only to benefit those who know me. In terms of giving advice or having a shoulder for someone to be able to cry on. Or be able to give them a different perspective on life but also just for me to figure out what I'm here for and figuring out what my journey is. I find I'm constantly learning from her.
So each year its just this new discovery of the more gifts she has. G – Tell me about your gifts. Um, I can read auras of people that I've been living with for a while, like my Mom
G – okay
Or my Brother. I always realized like, ya, she has this orange glow about her and it was always something…
G – Okay so its orange?
…I kind of just knew.Orange. I don't know. I don't see them. And what about your Brothers aura? Um, I'd say my Brothers aura is like a light blue. He's definitely blue because I find blue to be, like, strong and it can kind of be cold or even aggressive. G – A cold blue. Was it any wonder her Brother was called Azure? Seraphina seemed to spend a lot of time comparing herself to her older brother. The more she talked of him the more I sensed the dynamic between them could be the key to something. What was it like growing up with an indigo Sister? A – Seraphina is a lot more artistic and creative than I am. Um, and she has a very different way of viewing things than I do. And I think that was like obviously a large source of our confrontations. And academically school has come much easier to me than it has to Seraphina, that's not to say it's lack of trying on her part. But for me it was like school was always a second thought. It was like whatever I wanted to do and then sure I'll get A's and then move on. Whereas for Seraphina she really had to like sit down and you know contain her attention on the 1 topic at hand. G – Do you have any interest in that sort of esoteric realm? Are you into vibrations, crystals, those sorts of things? A – No, that, that to be completely honest that just… Granted I… S – Irritates you? Mother – Wait, no finish that thought I want to hear that. It makes you what? A – It makes me like… It makes me laugh. Almost like it's a joke, the significance of her being some type of like.. A – I don't, I don't know… Like uh…. G – Ya, *chuckle* okay. A – Like I understand she's a unique individual but like the G – Put a label on that and to then… A – Like as an indigo child I'm not really you know… there's going to be like a new wave where they lead our world, our civiliz… I don't.. Through their creativity, I don't, maybe I don't know. G – But probably not? A – Probably not no.
G – Okay *laughs*
A – I think that they'd have trouble with their shopping lists you know, just getting things done. G – Azure was right. As an indigo I did have a great deal of trouble with my own shopping lists. But then taking over the world is frankly a completely different skill set. In a world of online auto-diagnosis quizzes, indigo has long since spread its tentacles outside of the realms of psychic fairs to the hip hop community. Together with the likes of Pro Era and Flatbush Zombies, the Underachievers are "populizers" of an esoteric rap phenomenon some call "Beast Coast" Preaching the gospel of indigo through their music. I went to New York's Webster Hall for their homecoming So where my motherfucking indigos at in the building, let me hear real quick *Audience cheering* I said where my motherfucking indigos at in the building But in the past 2 years or 3 years of us trying to do it passionately we've come far. G – I mean what do you think of the link between ADD and indigo? And do you think there is a case for the counter-argument that like some kids are diagnosed as indigo when they should be on some medication? I don't believe in ADHD. Because when I was younger, I was like, smart but I was like very bad in class, like mischievous. So um they wanted to put me on ritalin and like adderol. Thank god for my mom she was like no way are you doing that shit. I saw that they kept telling kids they have ADHD, a lot of kids out of my generation. So I started doing research on it online and thanks to the internet I came across indigo. So then I just went on a mission from then for me telling as many kids like yo you're not hyperactive, you're probably indigo. That's where it all started from. Then he told me that. G – Diagnosed as indigo? Ya But is everyone you know indigo? Is that like a kind of blanket statement? What kind of percentage of your friends are indigo? Everyone.
I feel like you are.
G – Ya?
I feel like everyone is
G – Okay. It's because of the power of the internet, right. It's linking us up in a way that we have never been able to link up before. If the indigo should became then the universe cautions. Then that's like my religion, what I believe in. That's pretty much saying that uh God is the combination of every single living thing on the planet. But the problem is that we have country lines that we are divided by, economic class and weight class and intelligence and colour and race and culture and religion and all these different ways that dividing us. We lose track of the connection that really keeps us together. G – Hearing Issa talk about this global lattice of weirdos and creators he was hooking up was powerful a vision of culture I'd heard in quite some time. Indigo or no, he was a special kid. As the night wore on indigo and brandy mixed easily. I did also wonder what indigo was doing to their health because I'd never seen so many medical marijuana prescriptions in my life. Around 1 am Issa decided he'd teach me a funky new hip hop dance called the elephant. My standing had fallen sharply within the rap community since I'd failed to learn how to dougie. So it seemed a chance worth taking. I felt really bad spilling Issas drink but then as an indigo I knew he'd forgive me. That's how it works, right? I'm at the end of my quest. I'm exhausted. My aura is just a pool of muddy brown cosmic sweat dripped around me. I've been promised a series of golden gods, but, overall I can't say that I've been overly convinced by the extra sensory powers of the people I've met. Overall, indigo seems to be a catch-all for a range of new age experiences. Talking to angels, colour therapy, sensitivity to others. These have all been around for hundreds of years. Why is indigo happening now?
Because people need it. Like any religion, indigos externalize a higher power which then validates their own sense of internal specialness. That's not always a problem. The more I've interacted with the indigo tribe, the more I've come to see them as an important rebuttal to the idea that medicating anyone can solve their problems. Some people just are different. They learn differently, they think unconventionally. We're all told we're special. It's just when some people are told they are more special than others that the awkwardness starts to creep in.

Black History Month 2018



Views:412|Rating:5.00|View Time:5:25Minutes|Likes:7|Dislikes:0
Black, British and representing the UK. To mark Black History Month, we’ve been speaking to colleagues about their experiences of working on British diplomacy.

[Laughter] so I am a third-generation afro-caribbean British for me that's a really important kind of marker in terms of Who I am and how I see the world [Applause] I really thought this was a fun place to be I thought it was a really important moment in the history of my family that I had managed to get an opportunity to work at the front line of our foreign engagement when I first started to be honest I was quite oblivious to the challenges of being an ethnic minority in an organization like this but I think as I got further up the grades and with a bit more experience I started to realize that there were some issues as being an ethnic minority race as an issue was quite taboo to talk about [Applause] I will never forget a lunch I had with Zimbabwean politicians and it felt like I was involved in a conversation that in reality I shouldn't have been I think if they had appreciated my grade or perhaps if I had been white they would have not been so open in expressing their opinions and I just felt that I'd really made a difference and I was told that they'd forgotten that I was a British diplomat and I think that really came home to me in terms of the power and influence that I can have as black diplomat in progressing and supporting the UK's foreign policy okay have you got enough so I say again where do I really belong on my British or I'm a Nigerian I realized that I have a dual kind of cultural heritage inside of me it defines Who I am and yeah I learn a lot from it when I'm going off quite intimidated but I've met a lot of people who are very open and welcoming interesting and diverse and I just wanted what of that and kind of thing that's what's brought me here today I was helping out a minister from Nigeria and the moment he realized that I was a Nigerian and he really started speaking to me more he gave me a lot of advice we kind of built some kind of bond just from that day and I think my race has a big impact because it helps me build bonds that perhaps other people would struggle to build I would love to become a High Commissioner to Nigeria I think is really important to have Nigerian representing Britain I think will take a lot of hard work and great but that's not something that I'm scared of or going to run away from I'm definitely gonna go for it so I knew that I could achieve it a department that specifically deals with the rest of the world needs to have people from the rest of the world working for them just to kind of broaden the Foreign Office's horizon they need more perspectives they need more different ideas to do different things things that they'd never done before I love a good tea I love a good tea by the same time out I love judgeship here my parents were born in Jamaica they came over as migrants in the early 90s being part of the first generation born in the UK in my family I feel it's important that I preserved the cold chili keep it alive and in a way act as a like a walking time capsule I'm very excited everyone was very open friendly I feel like in my office space especially like we will feel like a family that we help each other out I have visions on the coming maybe an ambassador one day and maybe it's a stretch but I just see myself in the ambassador's seat I feel confident if I want to be somewhere in the FCO I can get there I've heard in the past it was very hard for people of college to even apply for certain base level roles so I definitely say this is a good time to apply and a better time than ever I feel like I'd be a completely a completely different person if I was just Jamaican or if I was just British a combination of the two has made me who I am and don't it will only be any other way you

5 Strange POP CULTURE Conspiracies



5 Strange Pop Culture Conspiracies

Pop culture and media invades people incessantly. For many of us, it’s the first thing we consume in the morning and the last thing we consume at night. While it can seam innocent enough, many pop culture stories can actually seam not just a little crazy – but downright diabolical. These are 5 Strange Pop Culture Conspiracies.

5. Big Pharma Has the Cure for Cancer

No doubt, big pharmaceuticals have huge control over the kinds of medicine we get in order to cure our diseases. And there’s no bigger problem we have as humans, than the scourge of cancer across all nations. As of now, the disease remains uncurable. While there have been promising breakthroughs here and there, there’s no one solid medication, pill or otherwise, that ultimately cures it. Or at least that’s what most of us are led to believe.

4. Gangster Raps Popularity was a Plan

It all started when a strange, anonymous letter made the rounds online. It was titled “The Secret Meeting that Changed Rap Music and Destroyed a Generation.”

The letter is from a proclaimed “decision maker” in the music industry who was working for a major record label. In it, He states that in 1991, powerful decision makers were invited to a secret meeting and All were encouraged to sign non-disclosure agreements to make sure no word got out about what was discussed.

3. Mass Media Programs Our Minds

Television, movies, the Internet, books, music, video games and even the radio…these mass media programs are a HUGE part of our lives today. But could mass media be more sinister than just harmless entertainment? … Becaue more and more each day, people are starting to feel like it’s a rigged system, used to program our minds.

2. California Wildfires

In 2018, California suffered through some of the largest and most deadly wildfires ever seen. Burning countless homes, displacing animals and people, the wildfire consumed huge swaths of the state.

1. The Simpsons Know the Future

For over 30 years, the Simpsons have made TV history as one of the longest-running cartoon shows. And while Homer and his family have seen their share of ups and downs, there’s one thing they seem to get right a lot – and that’s predicting key events in the future.

five strange pop culture conspiracies pop culture and media invades people incessantly for many of us it's the first thing we consume in the morning and the last thing we look at at night well it can seem innocent enough many pop culture stories can actually seem not just a little crazy but downright diabolical these are five strange pop culture conspiracies number five Big Pharma has the cure for cancer no doubt big pharmaceuticals have huge control over the kinds of Medicine we get in order to cure our diseases and there's no bigger problem we have as humans than the scourge of cancer across all nations as of now the disease remains uncurable well there have been promising breakthroughs here and there there's no one solid medication pill or otherwise that ultimately cures it or at least that's what most of us are led to believe so what is cancer in the most basic definition it's a group of diseases that showcase abnormal cell growth these cells then travel and infect other places and organs in the body whenever tumors are found most people assume it's cancer but not all tumors are cancerous or metastasize and therefore cannot be labeled as cancers as for cancer causes these variant can range from environmental viral hereditary or other causes yet unknown the mutations in the cells resulting to cancer growth are random well there are habits and lifestyles to minimize the risk of cancer mutation in the body there's no guarantee a random mutation in some cell won't develop in other words you can be the healthiest person in the world and still not stop it from occurring the theory that big pharmaceuticals might be hiding a secret cancer cure from the public lies with the belief that there's only a single cure for cancer while this may seem like a dream come true it's difficult to believe since there are hundreds of different types of cancer from a business sense though it's not hard to believe that there's more money in various treatments than there would be simply to cure it but if there is a cure then who has it some conspiracy theorists push that it's Hillary Clinton the CEO of Merck that hold the key then others point to not just big pharmaceuticals holding the Cure but that secret organizations like the Illuminati or at least some sort of powerful secret entity are behind it all many people this seems unreasonable not because they support big pharmacies but because it's too much work to prevent something like this from coming out over time many argue believing in such theories only allows Big Pharma to get away with more stuff because they distract from outright issues or criticisms the group should actually be held accountable for whatever you believe in there's no doubt with the advances in science and medicine we should have at least move forward and started inching towards a cancer cure it does make you wonder whether there are entities preventing this from truly happening or not number four gangster raps popularity was a plan it all started when a strange anonymous letter made the rounds online it was titled the secret meeting that change rap music and destroyed a generation the letter is from a proclaimed decision-maker in the music industry was working for a major record label in it he states the 1991 powerful decision makers were invited to a secret meeting and all were encouraged to sign non-disclosure agreements to make sure no word got out about what was discussed once the meeting started they were told record labels have made the investment and what was then a starting private prison industry now termed as the prison industrial complex since the major labels and the private corporations needed profits for this business venture they wanted to have a steady influx of people pumped into the prison system the music labels role then was to promote rap music the new genre emerging during the time more specifically they wanted to center around gangsta rap music that promoted violence and criminal behavior with rap music centering on drug use and violence a pipeline could then be created to increase the number of inmates while many are skeptical at the connection between the two there are key points that hand to the possibility that hip-hop may have churned out a huge influence and pop culture than previously thought to start the private prison industrial complex is real and it's shocking how far the people behind it will go to sustain it the US has one of the biggest Prison Industries in the Western world in fact there are over 2.3 million people in jail in the u.s. today that's at least 698 people for every 100,000 residents and has steadily increased over the years compared to the 139 people for every 100,000 40 years ago those who believe in the theory say using music and media in general to dictate actions isn't anything new back in the 70s black music was already studied in order to learn how to use it to increase consumerism and mainstream markets may dismiss the letter as a hoax a badly written narrative hoping to trigger some deep thought but as far-fetched as it sounds for some the reality of private prison systems is real there are judges who have received money from private prison companies to send juveniles to jail then there are large banks like Wells Fargo who have investments in the industry – some even accuse the industry as our modern-day slave traders and when you begin to look at it in detail the connections really do seem to add up number three mass media programs our minds television movies the internet books music video games and even the radio these mass media programs are a huge part of our daily lives but Kumasi media be more sinister than just harmless entertainment because more and more each day people are starting to feel like it's a rigged system used to program our minds there's no denying television has a powerful influence over society and now with the Internet mass media reach has become global in just seconds because of the power of its coverage many theorized mass media programs are often used by scrupulous powers to influence people just like Aldous Huxley's a brave new world it said that there are people running the lives of the masses pulling the strings behind the scenes this might seem impossible but if you look closely the number of companies owning major media outlets in the United States went from 50 companies to only 5 in just 20 years among the top 5 media companies out there include AOL the Walt Disney Company Viacom Sony and Vivendi Universal the danger here is that when you have so few who present their own opinion and interest through the media content they offer then you will always have a limited viewpoint even more dangerous when one idea is being proposed it's easier to spread it in various forms and gain consent because it's the same people running behind the scenes even if presented in different formats the greatest danger is that with the oligarchy of the media elite companies can easily create a single and cohesive worldview if they so choose on the other hand any ideas or creations that go against the mainstream or way of thinking are usually forgotten or buried ideas that are easily accepted are promoted further making sure the majority of the masses adopted or believe it it was Edward Bernays the godfather of marketing that first recognized the power of movies or entertainment as a way to standardize human thought of course this was recognized as a possible danger to human freedom by many of the thinkers from the school of Frankfurt back then they say doing so means reducing humans to an automation and capable of making rational decisions but if this is true how does mass media program the mind and what techniques do they use there are several techniques but the most famous includes that of a subliminal messaging this means having messages that gets recognized by the subconscious even without the viewer realizing it even though sometimes this is considered an urban myth plenty of products and advertisers use it proving its effectiveness another way people are being program is through desensitization originally from psychotherapy a desensitized individual will no longer feel the need to act out when something even unpleasant is done as long as they have been exposed to it in the weeks months or years prior to it being announced for example the countless movies that show us the end of the world coming by climate change or alien invasion the more we see it the less likely we'll fuss about it when it happens to us in real life in the end it's tough to know for sure even though it may seem like you might be free to make your own decisions it's likely you have already fallen into the mass media programming without even realizing it as you're watching this video you may want to ask yourself how you really ended up here in the first place number two California wildfires in 2018 California suffered through some of the largest and most deadly wildfires ever seen burning countless homes displacing animals and people the Wildfire consumed huge swathes of the state many point to especially dry conditions the horrible effects of climate change and even the possibility of downed power lines as the sources that contributed to the fires and while all those are plausible there are still many who believe there's something even more sinister happening behind the scenes those in the California inner circles say the flames weren't caused by any of the above but instead caused by government directed lasers meant to destroy homes properties and kill lives known as dues or direct energy weapons the weapon technology is real and does exist however how sophisticated it is and whether it's capable of igniting such fearsome wildfires remains to be seen the do is a blanket term used for any laser like weapons that can produce a concentrated amount of directed electromagnetic energy of course weapons like this are currently being developed for warfare and possible private tractors but again whether there's already a functional fully operational system of them in place remains to be seen those who believe the conspiracy say dues are here and are being used and they point to one crucial piece of evidence they say if you look at the result of the wildfires you'll find some structures survived while others didn't some structures look like they were fired at by a strong weapon while others looked unharmed despite being in the same area of the fire this stark difference led to the belief that there seems to have been a directed blast of energy at these homes and buildings to cause such extreme devastation it appears someone is deliberately targeting these properties and ruining them in unimaginable ways then there's also several reports from eyewitnesses including a video of a tree burning from the inside out it said that this result doesn't come from forest fires alone but it happens when a tree is struck by lightning or in this case possible laser beams as for why anyone or any entity would do such a thing remains to be seen but the rabbit hole goes deeper it's possible these kinds of incidents are used to distract the public from other incidents in the news true or not it's an intriguing conspiracy worth looking into number one the Simpsons know the future for over 30 years The Simpsons have made TV histories one of the longest-running cartoon shows and while Homer and his family have seen their share of ups and downs there's one thing they seem to get right a lot and that's predicting key events in the future although many of the stories in the Simpsons revolve around the fictional world of Springfield they do make stories from real world events and scenarios and it's in these depictions that things get weird it's unusual but the Simpsons is said to have predicted more than 20 events that have come to pass in reality the most controversial is the depiction of Donald Trump as the President of the United States an episode airing in March of 2000 called Bart to the Future showed Lisa's president after Trump served and increased the nation's debt this was of course 16 years before Donald Trump was elected president of the United States whether he'll increase the nation's debt remains to be seen even more odd is the exact imagery they used of Trump and Melania coming down an escalator another example is where they predicted the eventual construction of London's The Shard an episode titled Lisa's wedding showed a segment with England showing Big Ben the London Bridge and an unusual needle-like building that looks like The Shard ironically the building itself was built in 2009 while this Simpsons episode aired in 1995 in one episode in 1998 titled The Wizard of Evergreen Terrace Homer decides to be an inventor and creates a complicated equation on a blackboard this show is to be an equation that predicts the mass of the Higgs boss and particle the Higgs boson particle was first founded by Peter Higgs in 1964 along with several other physicists but proof of it actually existing didn't happen until 2013 but it seems home are already theorized it would be discovered sooner than that other instances include having a tiger in their show attacked Siegfried and Roy there's also the controversy over the nakedness of the David statue by Michelangelo and then the discovery of a three-eyed fish resulting from a nuclear power plant the three-eyed fish was caught by Bart in an episode in 1990 near River polluted by mr. burns nuclear plant in real life the three-eyed fish was found in a reservoir in Argentina and it was also close to where a nuclear power plant was polluting the water a more recent prediction by the show involves the game of thrones final episode in 2017 The Simpsons did a game of Thrones spoof and a feature to drag and laying waste to what looks to be King's Landing of course viewers of the show noticed how similar it looked to the actual episode in Game of Thrones that aired a year after many argue the reason the Simpsons seem to be predicting key elements in the future is because they've been on and for so long this seems like a possible explanation but some of these predictions seem to be too coincidental to be randomly predicted by chance many believe there could be more to it than just a writer's wild imagination and with so many examples it's truly hard to explain otherwise so there were five strange pop culture conspiracies pop culture may be exciting but it also bears some of the more sinister theories you can find underneath it whether they're real or not remains to be seen please remember to subscribe to our channel if you enjoy watching this video we have new videos coming out every Wednesday and Saturday for you to check out thanks for tuning in and we'll see you soon

HBO Documentary Films: The Latino List



“The Latino List” offers a unique glimpse into the vibrant and burgeoning culture of Hispanic America. Premieres Wednesday, September 28th at 9pm on HBO Latino, and Thursday, September 29th at 8pm on HBO.

Check out HBO on Facebook & Twitter:

growing up there was not a lot of people to look up to my role model growing up was was my mom grandma my sisters that's why I wanted to be like that was 7 years old when man set foot on the moon they said that's what I want to be I'm always nervous four five one stage the crowd is what gives me the energy the music is what gives me the energy to be up there regardless the doubters redials the questions regardless the criticism none of that can be as overwhelming or as challenging as my mom's decision to uproot herself and come to America I can't change the color of my skin you have to unlearn all that crap there you have to relearn who you are at your core I learned to play golf with a thin can and a guava limb that I made a golf club out of it it takes a long time for women to feel it's alright to be a team go on regardless of what this country tells you in the negative images that you see everywhere we had a big hand in making this country what it is

Science can answer moral questions | Sam Harris



Views:|Rating:|View Time:Minutes|Likes:[vid_likes]|Dislikes:[vid_dislikes]
Questions of good and evil, right and wrong are commonly thought unanswerable by science. But Sam Harris argues that science can — and …

Ifa is a Scientific and Mathematical System? – 'Oro Isiti' with Prof. Sophie Oluwole #2



Views:28469|Rating:4.95|View Time:6:46Minutes|Likes:544|Dislikes:5
Prof. Sophie Oluwole is a renowned retired Professor of African Philosophy. She is a cerebral scholar who takes great pride in her Africaness. Her passion for Yoruba philosophy has opened a new frontier in the world of philosophy.

Tunde Kelani is known for his great movies such as Saworo Ide, Agogo Eewo, Oleku, Ti Oluwa nile, etc.
Subscribe to our YouTube Channel to watch free Nollywood Movies in English and Yoruba.

Shooting Cats: Australia's War on Feral Cats



Views:|Rating:|View Time:Minutes|Likes:[vid_likes]|Dislikes:[vid_dislikes]
WARNING: This video contains graphic content. In Shooting Cats, VICE set out to explore the consequences of Australia’s feral cat plague, and confront the …

Kenya, un rêve de safari – Échappées belles



Views:|Rating:|View Time:Minutes|Likes:[vid_likes]|Dislikes:[vid_dislikes]
Pour les touristes occidentaux, le Kenya est surtout connu pour ses incroyables safaris. Mais loin de se résumer à cette image de carte postale, les paysages de …

TRAVELING THE STARS: ACTION BRONSON AND FRIENDS WATCH ANCIENT ALIENS (Season 2 Trailer)



Views:13536|Rating:4.83|View Time:1:1Minutes|Likes:585|Dislikes:20
Action Bronson combines his two favorite things, the History series “Ancient Aliens” and smoking weed. Joined by his producers, friends, and special guests, Action will watch, comment on, and give the highest praise to the series’ most classic episodes.

Subscribe Now:

Follow VICELAND:

VICELAND.com |
VICE Video |
Full Uncensored Episodes on iTunes:
Facebook |
Twitter |
Instagram |
Newsletter |

we're just passing through on this big spaceship of us intergalactic travel different types of Browns and stages next level mind I feel good with back can we get a triple power connection it's this season – there's crop circles are wheat all over the place before we leave we all go ahead to just sing together he sings crazy body has nothing to do with ancient aliens we're getting way off track we're gonna have to get it together lieutenant hood what's the deal with that shovel traveling the stars time to save the network

Architectural secrets of the world's ancient wonders | Brandon Clifford



Views:25405|Rating:4.37|View Time:4:23Minutes|Likes:1200|Dislikes:174
How did ancient civilizations move massive stones to build Stonehenge, the Pyramids and the Easter Island statues? In this quick, delightful talk, TED Fellow Brandon Clifford reveals some architectural secrets of the past and shows how we can use these ingenious techniques to build today. “In an era where we design buildings to last 30, maybe 60 years, I would love to learn how to create something that could entertain for an eternity,” he says.

Get TED Talks recommended just for you! Learn more at

The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world’s leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design — plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more. You’re welcome to link to or embed these videos, forward them to others and share these ideas with people you know. For more information on using TED for commercial purposes (e.g. employee learning, in a film or online course), please submit a Media Request here:

Follow TED on Twitter:
Like TED on Facebook:

Subscribe to our channel:

Translator: sann tint
Reviewer: Myo Aung ဒီနေ့ ကျွန်တော်တို့ တည်ဆောက်တဲ့ အရာတွေဟာ အနာဂတ်မှာ အံ့ဖွယ်တွေလို့ ထင်မှတ်ခံမယ်
ထင်လား။ Stonehenge ပိရမစ်တွေ၊ Machu Picchu နဲ့ Easter Island တို့ကို တွေးကြည့်ပါ။ ဒါအားလုံးဟာ ယနေ့ ကျွန်တော်တို့
ဆောက်နေတာတွေနဲ့ အတော် ကွာတယ်။ ဒီကျောက်တုံးကြီးတွေနဲ့အတူ အစိတ်အပိုင်းများစွာမှာ ဆင်ထားပေမဲ့
အမြင်အားဖြင့်တော့ ယုတ္တိမရှိတဲ့နည်းတွေပါ၊ ၎င်းတို့ရဲ့တည်ဆောက်မှု အရိပ်အယောင်အားလုံးက ပျောက်ပျက်သွားပြီး ဒါတွေကို လျှို့ဝှက်မှုထဲမှာ ပိတ်ဆီးနေတယ်။ လူတွေဟာ ဒီအရာတွေကို တည်ဆောက်နိုင်ဖို့
ဖြစ်နိုင်ခဲ့သလိုမျိုး ထင်ရတာက လူတွေ မဆောက်ခဲ့လို့ပါ။ သူတို့ကို Cyclops လို့သိကြတဲ့
ဘီးလူကြီးတွေရဲ့ ကမ္ဘာဦးမျိုးနွယ်တစ်ခုကနေ အသေအချာ ဖန်တီးခဲ့တာလေ။ (ရယ်သံများ) ကျွန်တော်ဟာ ဒီကျောက်တုံးကြီး
တွေကို ရွှေ့ဖို့ သူတို့လျှို့ဝှက်ချက်တွေကို သိဖို့
သတ္တဝါကြီးတွေနဲ့ ပူးပေါင်းလုပ်နေတယ် ဖြစ်သွားတာက Cyclops တွေဟာ
ဒီလောက်ကြီး မသန်မာပါဘူး။ သူတို့အတွက်အလုပ်လုပ်ပေးဖို့
ပစ္စည်းရအောင်လုပ်ရာမှာပဲ တော်တာပါ။ အခု ကျွန်တော့နောက်က မြင်ရတဲ့ ယိုင်နဲ့နဲ
ကျောက်တုံးကြီးတွေလို့ သတ္တဝါတွေရဲ့ ဗီဒီယိုတွေဟာ ပူးပေါင်းမှုရဲ့ရလဒ်တွေပါ။ ကောင်းပြီ၊ Cyclops ဟာ ဒဏ္ဍာရီလာ
သတ္တဝါတစ်ကောင် ဖြစ်လောက်ပေမဲ့ ဒီအံ့ဖွယ်တွေက တကယ်ဖြစ်တုန်းပဲ။ လူတွေက ဒါတွေကို ဖန်တီးတယ်၊ ဒါပေမဲ့ ဒါတွေဝန်းကျင်မှာ
ယုံမှားမှုတွေလည်း ဖန်တီးပြီး အံ့ဖွယ်တွေလို့ဆိုတဲ့အခါ
ဒဏ္ဍာရီနဲ့ ဒိဌအဖြစ်ကြားမှာ ထူထဲတဲ့ တွယ်ဆက်တစ်ရှူးရှိတယ်။ Easter Island ကိုနမူနာကြည့်ပါ။ ဒတ်ချ် နယ်သစ်ရှာဖွေသူတွေဟာ
ဒီကျွန်းကို ပထမဆုံး ကြုံကြိုက်တော့ Rapa Nui က လူတွေကို သူတို့ရဲ့ဘိုးဘွားတွေဟာ ဒီရုပ်တုကြီးတွေကို ဘယ်လို ရွှေ့ဖို့
ဖြစ်နိုင်ခဲ့တာလဲလို့ မေးတယ်။ the Rapa Nui တွေပြောတာက "ကျုပ်တို့ဘိုးဘွားတွေဟာ ဒီရုပ်တုတွေကို
မရွှေ့ခဲ့ဘူး၊ သူတို့ဘာသာ လမ်းလျှောက်လာလို့ဗျ"တဲ့။ ရာစုနှစ်တွေချီပြီး ဒါကို ပလပ်ခဲ့ပေမဲ့
တကယ်တော့ အမှန်ပါ။ moai လို့ သိကြတဲ့ ရုပ်တုတွေဟာ
ရပ်လျက်သား တစ်ဘက်မှ တစ်ဘက်ကို ဗဟိုပြုလည်ပတ်ရင်းပို့ဆောင်ခဲ့တာပါ။ ဟုတ်တယ်နော်။ moai ဟာ ယနေ့ လည်ပတ်သူတွေအတွက်
အံ့မခန်းဖွယ်ရာဖြစ်သလို အဲဒီအချိန်က အဲဒီကို ရောက်လာတာ
စိတ်ကူးကြည့်ဖို့လိုတယ်၊ ဧရာမ ကျွန်းတစ်ဝိုက်မှာ moai
တွေနဲ့အတူ ချီတက်လာတာကိုပေါ့။ အကြောင်းက တကယ့် အထိမ်းအမှတ်က
အရာဝတ္ထုတွေ သက်သက်မဟုတ်ဘူး၊ ကျောင်းတုံးတစ်တုံးကို အသက်သွင်းတဲ့
ယဉ်ကျေးမှုဆိုင်ရာ ရိုးရာဓလေ့ပါ။ ဒီတော့ ဗိသုကာတစ်အနေနဲ့
ဒီအိပ်မက်နောက်ကို လိုက်နေခဲ့တယ်။ ဒီဒဏ္ဍာရီ ဘက်ကို ထည့်စဉ်းစားဖို့ဆောက်လုပ်
ရေး စိတ်ကူးကို ဘယ်လို ပြောင်းနိုင်လဲ။ ဒီတော့ ကျွန်တော်လုပ်နေခဲ့တာက လေးတဲ့ ပစ္စည်းတွေကိုရွှေ့ရာ၊
ထောင်တာမှာ ရှေးဟောင်းဆိုပေမဲ့ တော်တော်ရိုးစင်းတဲ့ အလုပ်ရဲ့
လုပ်ဆောင်မှုအစဉ်တစ်ခုကို တပ်ဆင်ရင်းနဲ့ ကိုယ့်ကိုယ်ကိုယ်
စိန်ခေါ်တာပါ။ ဥပမာ ၁၆ ပေ မြင့်တဲ့ ဧရာမကျောက်တုံးကြီးကို
မြေကြီးပေါ် ဖြတ်လျှောက်ပြီး ထောင်လိုက် ထောင်ဖို့ ပုံစံထုတ်တာ၊ (သို့) စင်ပေါ်မှာ ကဖို့ ၎င်းဘာသာ
အသက်ဝင်လာတဲ့ ဒီ ပေါင် ၄၀၀၀ သတ္တဝါကြီးလိုပေါ့။ တွေ့ရှိရတာက ဗိသုကာကို
နောက်ဆုံး ထုတ်ကုန်အဖြစ်မဟုတ်ဘဲ စိတ်ကူးကနေ ပြီးဆုံးခြင်းအထိ
စွမ်းဆောင်မှုတစ်ခုအဖြစ်တွေးရင်းကနေ ဒီနေ့ အရာတွေ တည်ဆောက်ဖို့ ခေတ်ဆန်တဲ့ နည်းတစ်ချို့ကို
ပြန်လည်ရှာဖွေတာနဲ့ အဆုံးသတ်သွားတယ်။ ကျွန်တော်တို့အနာဂတ်
ဝန်းကျင်က ဆွေးနွေးမှုများစွာဟာ နည်းပညာ၊ ထိရောက်မှုနဲ့ အမြန်နှုန်းကို
အာရုံစိုက်တယ်။ ဒါပေမဲ့ Cyclops တွေဆီက တစ်ခုခု သိခဲ့ရရင် ဒါက အံ့ဖွယ်တွေဟာ သားနား၊ ခမ်းနားပြီး ခံနိင်တာတွေဖြစ်နိုင်တာ ၎င်းတို့ရဲ့ ထုနဲ့ ဆန်းကြယ်မှုကြောင့်ပါ။ ဒီရှေးဟောင်း အံ့ဖွယ်တွေ ဘယ်လိုဆောက်ခဲ့
တယ်ဆိုတာ လူတွေက သိချင်နေဆဲမှာပဲ ဒီမေးခွန်းကိုပဲ လူတွေကို
အတင်း မေးစေတဲ့ လျှို့ဝှက်မှုကို ဘယ်လိုဖန်တီးလဲဆိုတာ
Cyclops တွေကို ကျွန်တော်မေးနေတယ် နှစ် ၃၀ (သို့) နှစ် ၆၀ လောက် တည်တံ့ဖို့ အဆောက်အအုံတွေကို
ပုံစံထုတ်တဲ့ခေတ်မှာ ဖြစ်တဲ့အတွက် တစ်ကမ္ဘာတိုင် ဖြည့်ဆည်း
ပေးနိုင်တဲ့ တစ်ခုခုကို ဖန်တီးနည်းကို သင်ကြားချင်ပါတယ်။ ကျေးဇူးတင်ပါတယ်။ (လက်ခုပ်သံများ)

Historical Preservation- A Radical Conservative Liberal Concept: Wayne Wood at TEDxRiversideAvondale



Views:|Rating:|View Time:Minutes|Likes:[vid_likes]|Dislikes:[vid_dislikes]
Widely regarded as one of the foremost chroniclers of Duval County’s history and architecture, Wayne is called “the undisputed godfather of preservation in …

WHAT THE FIELDS REMEMBER



“What the Fields Remember” is a revisiting of the event and an exploration of how the survivors remember the violence 32 years later, and how do the spaces that have witnessed this violence continue to mark people’s relationship to history and memory.

Directed by SUBASRI KRISHNAN
Producer & Commissioning Editor – RAJIV MEHROTRA

Kathmandu, Nepal
Seattle, USA
Goa, Madurai, Bengaluru, Kolkata, Thrissur, India
Colombo, Sri Lanka
Serbia

Subasri has been a documentary filmmaker for the past 10 years. Her filmmaking work has ranged from a number of commissioned non-fiction films on rights based issues to documentary films. Her first documentary film Brave New Medium on internet censorship in South-East Asia, has been screened at film festivals, both nationally and internationally. This or That Particular Person, produced by PSBT, looks at the idea of official identity documents, and in that context, the Unique Identity number. It was adjudged the Best Short Documentary Film at the International Documentary and Short Film Festival of Kerala. She also heads the Media Lab of the Indian Institute for Human Settlement (IIHS).

Rajiv Mehrotra is the Managing Trustee and Commissioning Editor of PSBT – his films have won more than 300 awards worldwide, including 32 in 31 years from the President of India. His nine books are available in 50 languages and editions.

PSBT is a not-for-profit that nurtures and supports the production of independent documentary films. Over two decades, it has produced some 700 documentary films. Each film averages two festival selections and every second film an award.

Its Board of Trustees includes Adoor Gopalakrishnan, Fali Nariman, Kiran Karnik, Shyam Benegal, Sharmila Tagore and CEO, Prasar Bharati.

CREDITS
CAMERA & EDITING: Amit Mahanti
SOUND: Julius L Basaiawmoit

Produced by PSBT in partnership with Doordarshan

Festival and screening queries: [email protected]

só consultou a se não não é mas é a nenê ou falir ou não como tio se lançar o plano real a pane casa do avô nem sabe quando a boneca porque levava deixar o japão que subiu este sábado forçando o bebê até o shopping tempore hotel emiliano um menino de 9 no df que não viva nesta semana está certo então eu queria não demoveu eles por outro né ele pode por tomar no c sou nenê ray o onça humano bolsinha a que core lamê doninha ayache embora chuchu olele norene nina a aae la vaca hara vai lá a área é a pj só tô o erro ai não sei de nenhum roy roselló a car ota chuchu lula ah o olha aí weiwei do mundo vamos acabar com um livro é grande a mãe vai direcionar a de marote adentro com a paróquia já dentro romanée para o senhor para o funcionário deu e já olha mas de maneira a mulher normal aí é normal dar uma moradia zaga né acho que sim acho que rolou no bolso to autora uma nova técnica mas sem chuva na amazônia antônio carlos é o eixo por ali fora nem chega a utilizá lo lê a autora batman é uma vez mais ele joga o documento é fácil a gente anda regra também é mãe de marina bay e chove ele é o mais marcante da partida ainda não vai mandar nenhum gol da equipe de goiás falou a mãe jorge e adoro é doer faz a gente ia ganhar dó organismo é a já na unidade nesta maneira tranqüila porque nenê do nenê artilheiro da noite e só toma água nem lanche a garoa é que de graça do gdf na lei é que nem a lei hoje é o tratorzinho máximo aniasi essa dor é algo maior agora vai sair falava illimani do iraqiya haider batendo do que ela nos filmes ruins em le mans e lenta a rede comum de ocorrer do dólar e cd em realizar amanhã às 11 da manhã e planeta urgente hoje aparenta ter essa bota gostei muito da idéia o la vallée é que abandou antônia família da irmã a relva na marcação quanto no brasil né a ala do jardim gramado floreiras favor entenda matador em dor de não ter né mas ele é bom celebrar o nome do ícone é de 23 no meio nem a minha mãe nem como logomarca da maneira como o mataró de miami 10 ninguém é evitar as linhas e ainda para ver se há ou não de algumas delas aimée a mesma 90 onde não lê não negaram essa diferença já tem imagens de maomé no de amanhã quarta é de hong kong mas era assim mas onde é a minha sala já que essa ainda é uma cena de amor e assim tomar um chope com os amigos ué não é candidato e na maioria nem a minha vaga de dentinho devemos entender e naiá mãe aí é que vai deste bairro falando em nome da mesma maneira é 2 colher andado aqui eu estou lá andava aqui é bacana quando dos comuns a márcio tossati selecionado anda nem fala do nacional nenê agora se tocará senior me to those who na taxa sobre a gasolina tarso toda a ação de levar é que nem coração na boa tá nessa cena e ainda citou lembrando que tanto a marca tam já aportou a minha a mulher' andarmos a amarok é uma importante banda também é 40 mais gorda também espero sinceramente que ele sairá da mulher era uma vez um doador que ela lá nada era bom que eu tô logan barrar a maior bolada costas voltadas e da irmã que teria uma boa projeto rh desvantagem uma vez nesse motor show business com o total é do anascer bom telefonema do chefe da quadrilha fome e e excelente não tem carimbo e otite que cuida do controle de câmbio de sua família então hoje em washington nem ajuda chegou hoje a primeira gestão que ligar o público tocando o tempo de te amar a renda fixa de novo no amor e é também um pouco no corpo a carga em itapuã e lenço da chamada de bicho eletrônico e dormitar problema muito de mim tá legal anatolian mas o índice não me diga da internet então mora mortais comuns na bahia é isso é um trabalho só em no entorno da eta seria tanto quando estava com a mãe que deixa ele disse nos acomodando ocorre que daí me mandou ir morar em um sobre se no pequeno burguês e type html midiática da internet e pagar a dívida chegou a ficar sem nem eu nem ele nem aí pro a 85 na fé nome olha o consumo tratamento sexy de bolívar o herói do time da capital acho que ninguém liga seguindo para bater agora andar a mandar matar e morrer cr10 a amar o seu novo amor a matéria com você no ensaio da moça o namoro amaral moça está nas corridas que tal é power telemar de gol ae a meia marta foi a chamada de the game a equipe goiana e mariano na água e deixar o shopping já chegou o tempo de um tabu que dura até a cico para achar seu recuo texto hebraico senna vai largar a família só quero um longo tempo e agora colega dele de atender ninguém vai manchar a boa tacada a minha cultura vai ficar que botar ninguém moraria de ram e tela agora comida ali pois chove na região da estação 8ª série roma milan e agora já se fala do canindé a linha de golo é o nome é é que a loja online fora a quem vai levantar o amargo do gd chora cara é dizer tamanha falha na história da iconta uma maneira positiva a colômbia mesmo foi do alemão atrai landon acabou tentando aceitar ae o caminhoneiro acesso eu fui eu vou tentar a mesma nem vela quero trabalhar na globo falou de um show de netinho desde ontem assim que a minha senhora tá ae acha que só agora vai é a água a grade sai ocorre-me fora acho a poça ciganas ailene se une a organizaã ã o amor na minha do cupão lei e sorrir liga nenê na metade passar a atacar cor e chore a esposa ontou que sonha na apae na o meia xícara de chá que de antemão ninguém está 0 a 1 sendo que o irmão irmã de 15 nomes como distinguir vamos morar aqui mas não chamar me vais em que manda chuva mas se eu mandei então porque o doutor maluf não tomar gol em casa e utilize é chato mas é sobre da marca ob cheguei a pichar só tá tomando só depende do preenchimento como o cara é como sou mãe o texto agora mudar o voto anda fazendo por suplementação tamanho com destino a gente sabia ela que se quedaram se o pt teme que eu não jogar ou não no dia seguinte frase mesmo o time jogar bem e falar mal uma década sendo os irmãos semanas e tem uma categoria marc vallée manos normal chega a 100 ele conquistou nenhuma acho que o doutor paulo ainda pior na minha lesão eu nunca sei lá um formando ele pergunta a rafael e só vou embora bissau para levá-lo chegues a terceiros a curva então levamos um gol mulheres me sentei em seu colo a que vai gozar neneca mas se levanta de novo campeão continuou afirmando como tira-teima agora por uma embaixada no cairo queimando matagal no bairro do soho me adora pôr do sol consegue reunir 15 anos e moniquinha boca do monte randy igual falou da felicidade de nascer a nova decisão de barrar maneiras apresentar melhoras e comunicar a nova lei vai valer nossa música na tribo se torna um grande arrastão em dólar

Ancient Germanic History – ROBERT SEPEHR



Views:112372|Rating:4.88|View Time:13:24Minutes|Likes:5090|Dislikes:124
The Hermann Monument commemorates a Germanic war chief who led an alliance of tribes that ambushed and annihilated three Roman legions in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in 9 AD. In AD 98, the Roman historian Cornelius Tacitus wrote a text called “About the Origin and Mores of the Germanic Peoples,” or Germania, as it came to be called. In the 1940’s, the Germania was taught in German schools and widely celebrated as a comprehensive account of the ancient Germanic people.

The rune stones of the Viking period were erected in memory of mostly powerful people and their honorable deeds, intended to be visible, painted in bright colors, and they often stood near roads or bridges, not necessarily placed at the burial of the person they commemorated. The Vikings also used runes for magic.

The beautiful music in this video is performed by Emelie Waldken, and she is playing the Nyckelharpa, a traditional Swedish string instrument similar in appearance to a fiddle. You can hear the song in its entirety, and learn more about this instrument here:

Robert Sepehr is an author, producer, and anthropologist.

Thank you for supporting Atlantean Gardens!

the hermann monument is located in North Germany and commemorates a Germanic war chief who famously led an alliance of Germanic tribes who ambushed and annihilated three Roman legions and there are zillions in the Battle of the Teutoburg forest and nine ad a victory that would precipitate the Roman Empire's permanent strategic withdrawal from Germany after which the Romans made no more concerted attempts to conquer Germanic territories east of the Rhine River contemporary and modern historians have generally regarded Arminius as victory as Rome's greatest defeat one of the most decisive battles recorded in military history and as a turning point in world history in 98 AD the Roman historian Cornelius Tacitus wrote a text called about the origin and mores of the Germanic peoples Oranje Manya as it came to be called all copies of Germania were lost during the Middle Ages except for a single handwritten copy which resurfaced in Germany in 1455 but was then brought to Italy in the 1940s the Germania was taught in German schools and widely celebrated as a comprehensive account of the ancient Germanic people the Nazis liked the description of their ancient ancestors as simple brave loyal and pure keep in mind that there had been no Germany before 1871 and part of the reason that Germany exists today was thanks to the stories documented in that book by Tacitus in his telling the Germans possessed quote fierce blue eyes taani hair huge bodies they prized freedom scorned luxury and esteemed military courage above all else there were people of sturdy values for whom good laws were no substitute for good habits in the land of the Germans Tacitus writes quote nobody laughs off vice and to corrupt and to be corrupted is not called modern times pointedly he observed that the Germans were not tainted by intermarriage with any other nations but rather existed as called a distinct unadulterated people that resembles only itself it described a proud brave and virtuous people but the Germans were not one nation Tacitus lists 50 tribes that were united to defeat Rome the manuscript made its way to Germany eventually in 2009 for an exhibit marking the mm anniversary of Arminius victory Germany had long been a prized target for the Romans and under the Emperor Augustus the legions had subdued the local tribes or so they thought many German soldiers had fought with the legions in their European campaigns one of them Arminius had fought so well that the Romans had made him a knight of the Empire even though he left the army to return to Germany the Romans still counted him as an ally but that trust would prove fatal Arminius told the Roman commander varus of an uprising in northern Germany and advised him to take three legions there to deal with it when varus headed north in his trust and ignorance he was walking into a full-scale rebellion a rebellion planned by our mineus himself as a former Roman officer Arminius knew exactly how to set the trap Varys had taken with him three legions and auxiliaries about 20,000 soldiers in all plus 10,000 civilians the regular camp followers Varys was so unsuspecting that he took a shortcut through a narrow gap between a forest and a swamp just as our many as had hoped it began to rain and they were making their way between the mountain on one side and the marsh to the other side and then came the initial German attack which was launched by Spears from some distance at first which killed quite a few of the Romans and put them into confusion [Applause] Arminius had caught the legions at their most vulnerable on open fields Roman discipline was almost unbeatable but in the depths of the German forest the legions had no answer to the guerrilla tactics of their opponents the fighting lasted three days and ended in a complete disaster for the Romans three entire legions and their followers some thirty thousand people were slaughtered only a few hundred escaped the news caused panic and disbelief in Rome overnight the Empire had lost three of its 28 legions more than 10% of its army for years afterwards Augustus roamed the palace screaming quintilius Varis give me back my legions Rome would never conquer Germany but it would send soldiers to the same German forest a few years later to discover the fate of the lost legions they came across an awful scene of unburied jumbles of bones lying around and skulls pounded into tree trunks and military equipment scattered everywhere and so forth and they tried to gather up the bones and give these Roman comrades a decent burial in 89 not one not two but three legions were annihilated a devastating defeat for Raymond on missions effectively ending Rome's ambitions across the Rhine and the man who inflicted back two feet is up there Arminius Hermann the German this colossal statue marks what was thought to be the spot where Maris the Roman commander and his three legions met their end in fact we now know that Arminius won his victory some fifty miles to the northwest of this monument in 1987 traces of the slaughtered legions and of ominous his own battle tactics were found at a place called cock Riza the Romans some 18,000 in number were heading for their winter quarters on the Rhine as they marched they had thick forests on one side marshes on the other the nature of the ambush was this Arminius had built a Roman style turf wall on the edge of the forest that served to funnel the Romans along a narrow track this is a reconstruction of a section of that wall topped with wooden palisade and this is a preserved section of the bog that lay on the other side of the track when the Germans pulled out the Romans had nowhere to go except into the bog where they were either drowned or pursued and butchered so who were these Germanic barbarians in ancient Rome the Romans used the term barbarian towards non Romans such as the germanic s' celts gulls Liberians Thracians illyrians and Berbers the north african Berbers for example consider the term derogatory and called themselves Allmusic in ancient times Phoenician ships dominated the Mediterranean and Phoenician colonies occupied many areas which were later considered barbarian these colonies extended all the way to Great Britain where tin was mined and combined with copper mined in Cyprus to bring about the Bronze Age when bronze objects were manufactured and exported far and wide could Phoenician influence have included parts of Scandinavia home to the legendary Vikings the phoenicians long-range ship is in effect almost identical in both structure and appearance with the later Viking longship of Scandinavia that said the Scandinavian Bronze Age started very suddenly with a high culture and artifacts that deteriorated in quality over the centuries the earlier artifacts are almost identical with similar finds from the Phoenician settlements of the Mediterranean all over Scandinavia Norway Denmark and particularly in Sweden we find these magnificent standing stones left behind by the Vikings covered in ancient carvings and etchings known as runes runes are the bits of writing you see on the winding serpents you usually find them on Viking gravestones according to Norse mythology the runes were found by Odin the supreme god of the Norseman while he was hanging on the tree of life the famous egg drasil for nine days and nights odin stayed in the great tree until eventually the runes fell into his hands revealing their mysteries to him odin then passed them to us thus from the start the rooms were associated with magic and are still revered in occult circles especially during times of ritual for a more mainstream anthropological perspective the rooms serve the practical function of an alphabet the runic alphabet or futhark as it is called had 24 letters in it originally later on when the Vikings attacked Britain they took the runes with them and the futhark grew to 33 letters according to some esoteric interpretations the runes also have a mysterious relationship with time and were used in pagan or shamanistic rituals for purposes of divination or for allegedly lifting the veil into other dimensions the seventh rune is called Gable and is in the shape of an X it has many meanings attributed to it over the ages such as gift-giving or exchange sacrifice partnership and even sex magic but also in more esoteric terms it means a crossroads between this and the dark hidden world or subconscious realm described by shamans the English equivalent to the Gebo rune or the seventh letter of the English alphabet is the letter G which is used in Freemasonry and helps to shed insight onto the true origins of the Skull and Bones symbol made famous on pirate ships and other places my name is Robert supper I'm an independent anthropologist thank you for sharing these videos I rely on word of mouth and greatly appreciate the positive feedback and comments please check out my books available on Amazon I look forward to seeing you next time and don't forget to subscribe

Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences (Historical Overview)



Views:182745|Rating:4.69|View Time:3:38Minutes|Likes:376|Dislikes:25
This video demonstrates the basic principles of the Theory of Multiple Intelligences by Howard Gardner. It has been set up by Alexandra Key using general research and as such is not intended for detailed academic purposes.
Written and Narrated by Alexandra Key
Animated and Acted by Owen Phillips
Produced by Woods End Media

Music featured in this video from Royalty-Free Music

At the turn of the century, the 20th not the 21st Alfred Binit residing in Paris was approached with a problem. He was asked, ‘Can you devise some kind of instrument to help us predict who will succeed and who will fail?’ Being an ingenious fellow, what he came up with succeeded as far as the Parisian elders were concerned and the resulting intelligence test gave way to the measure of intelligence quotient, or rather IQ. Its purpose: to give an early indication of how smart someone is. If we zoom forward in time, 1914 sees a world war, 1939 sees a second, 1943 saw the birth of Howard Gardner and in 1983 he published his works in intelligence and told the world about his theory of multiple intelligences.
Gardner’s theory explored for the first time the possibility of their being multiple platforms for intelligence. He devised, after much research, that there were at least seven different platforms. He labelled his seven platforms or modules of intelligence As logical-mathematical, linguistic, spatial, musical, bodily-kinaesthetic, interpersonal and intrapersonal. Each platform hosed a different set of skills and capabilities,
which when added to contextual and cultural situations
resulted in a considered high ability individual within that field.
In modern society, linguistic and logical-mathematical modules of intelligence are still seen as the most important and traditional forms of intelligence. Spatial intelligence mainly refers to the ability to form a visual representation of the world
and use this mental representation to operate. You could quite commonly be in this group if you’re an artist, an engineer, an architect, surgeons even have this and even sailors of the south seas. Musical intelligence is quite self-explanatory. Mozart was obviously musical intelligent and gifted. The ability to use your whole body or even just a small part of it
to fashion and create a product or to solve a problem could be placed within the bodily-kinaesthetic intelligence platform. This level of intelligence can often be reflected in the works of dancers, athletes and crafts people. Interpersonal intelligence is the ability to understand people
and how to work practically with them. That sales man knocking on your door is probably very good at this, but maybe you don’t think so.
If we swap this last skill on its head though, those who can look inwardly at their own abilities and recognise our own wishes and dislikes as well as fears, are often known as being intrapersonal.
What is key in the theory of multiple intelligence’s, is that being strong in one intelligence has no real or particular implications or correlations to strengths or weaknesses in other platforms. Intelligence is described as being an ability to solve a problem or to fashion a product which is valued in one or more cultural settings. And as described by Gardner, this means that intelligence in no longer a term just the mathematical minded but for all. Seven unrelated platforms. Which train of intelligence are you on?

STOPOVER – TRAILER



Views:|Rating:|View Time:Minutes|Likes:[vid_likes]|Dislikes:[vid_dislikes]
This documentary explores the reasons, experiences and ambitions of four Indian immigrants who live and work in Dubai through their personal journeys and …

Shoot to Kill: VICE Investigates the Kenya Wildlife Service



Views:|Rating:|View Time:Minutes|Likes:[vid_likes]|Dislikes:[vid_dislikes]
The Kenya Wildlife Service is an internationally celebrated conservation body at the forefront of the global fight against poaching. It has the backing of Western …

The math of learning | John Mighton | TEDxCERN



Views:|Rating:|View Time:Minutes|Likes:[vid_likes]|Dislikes:[vid_dislikes]
This talk was given at a local TEDx event, produced independently of the TED Conferences. An invisible problem in our society is that we underestimate …

The Romantics – Nature (BBC documentary)



Views:228918|Rating:4.70|View Time:58:7Minutes|Likes:1327|Dislikes:85
Please enjoy and subscribe too. Thanks!
Peter Ackroyd summons the ghosts of the Romantics to tell the story of man’s escape from the shackles of industry and commerce to the freedom of nature.
As the Industrial Revolution took hold of Britain during the late 18th Century, the Romantics embraced nature in search of sublime experience. But this was much more than just a walk in the country; it was a groundbreaking endeavour to understand what it means to be human. They forged poetry of radical protest against a dark world that was descending upon Britain.
Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein was a prophecy that science might be used to corrupt nature, a warning people are still preaching to this day. The words of the Romantics are brought to life by Dudley Sutton, David Threlfall and Cara Horgan.

I'm going to take you on a journey into the human imagination back to a time when the values and ideas and dreams of the modern world were born 200 years ago monarchy was falling to the power of people's revolutions industry and commerce were becoming the driving forces of existence and advances in science were changing the way life itself was understood artists all over the world were inspired by these times of dramatic change in Britain a group of poets and novelists pioneered an alternative way of living and of looking at the world among them were William Wordsworth Mary Shelley and William Blake the enduring power of their writing haunts us to this day and inspires our still with visions of nature this is the story of man's escape from the shackles of Commerce and Industry to the freedom of nature at a time when the world was becoming increasingly mechanized the romantic sort and intense relationship with the natural world in so doing they would revolutionize our perception of life itself in the 18th century Britain was being devoured by the voracious demands of urbanization towns were turning into cities this was the age of Industry and of manufacture the pulse of life was becoming less human the rhythms of nature and the body were being overtaken by an imposed system of synchronized time public clocks were dictating the daily lives and activities of people the cities were engulfing everything like huge machines of trade industry and living they were forcing order and discipline into the lives of their inhabitants the home the school and the workplace were run according to clock time and in obedience to strict rules of human conduct in the midst of this great new metropolis lived a small boy who dreamed of a very different world one day in July 1765 he walked from Soho in London to the fields of Peckham Roy just beyond the city lying on the grass staring up at the light filtering through the trees he experienced a vision he saw the trees filled with angelic beings their bright wings be spangling every vowel like stars to see a world in a grain of sand and a heaven in a wild flower hold infinity in the palm of your hand and eternity in a God the boy's name was William Blake throughout his life he never forgot his childhood vision he always believed that it was a glimpse of an eternal world far from the hollows of the city the romantics believed that spontaneous childhood visions were the source of adult inspiration a child allowed to play and dream would become an imaginative adult but childhood itself was being destroyed by the Industrial Age a new workforce was emerging boys are between four and seven were sold into labor by their parents and sent to clean the city's chimneys many suffocated and most became deformed William Blake was touched by the wretched lives of these children he began to write simple lines that express the yearning for their Redemption as Tom's are sleeping he had such a sight the thousands of sweepers dick Joe Ned and Jack all of them locked up in coffins a boy then come by an angel who had a pride to king they opened the coffins set them all free then down a green plane leaping laughing they run and wash it in a river and shine in the Sun Blake's short rhymes about children became a collection of illuminated poems entitled songs of innocence they were inspired by the childhood years he spent with his young brother Robert sound the flute now is mute first alight day and night life way you would have joy little girl sweetener does crack music flower than heavens high bow the silent delight sit little boy full of joy little girl sweet is noon copters chrome suit every man every face appraise his distress press choose a human form divine love mercy pity peace ease but in February 1787 Blake's own innocence was shattered when Robert was struck by an illness in the upstairs room of their house at 28 Odin Street Blake sat with him for two weeks hardly sleeping watching his brother's health decline at the last solemn moment of Roberts life Blake saw his spirit rise from his body and ascend through the ceiling Blake recollected that the spirit had been clapping its hands for joy it was one of many visions of infinity that Blake would have throughout his life Robert had joined the Angels and the spirits of the chimney sweeps in a joyful eternity but Blake himself would be obliged to find joy in the human world after Robert's death Blake moved over the river to the leafy outskirts of London he lived in Hercules Road in Lambeth a place where he tried to build himself a new life free from the corruption of the city but one morning he looked from his window and was horrified it was a sight that intensely angered Blake he demanded that the boy be set free instantly it seemed intolerable to him that any child any man should be subjected to such miseries the image was at odds with everything Blake believed about the spiritual purity of childhood his anger entered his poetry he began to write a bleak companion to his Songs of Innocence songs of experience in these poems there would be no redemption for the children the weeping child could not be heard the weeping parents wept in vain they'd stripped into his little shirt and bound him in an iron chain and burned him in a holy place where many had been burned before the weeping parents wept in vain are such things done on Albion Shore Blake feared for the future lives of England's children his was one of the first voices raised to warn against the destructive potential of the Industrial Revolution it turns that which is soul and life into a mill machine blake foresaw a world where people would be engaged in endless toil their lives disfigured by the laws of the factory and the industrial system he imagined seeing the world through their eyes they told me that I had five senses to close me up then close my brain into a narrow circle one Kamal one joy one desire one curse on wait for measure on the 10 one job just a short walk from Blake's house in Lambeth by the Thames where now stands an office building stood Albion mill it was the first factory in London designed to produce some six thousand bushels of flour each week for Blake the repetitive production lines of these huge new mills cast human identity into uniform molds endlessly repeatable spirituality and imagination were denied or forgotten Blake refer to Satan as the Miller of eternity in one of his poems Satan's father congratulate his son on his evil creations Oh Satan my youngest born to mortals thy mill semen everything Blake expressed his fury in words that have become the most familiar lines of English poetry and did those feet in ancient time walk about England's mountain's Green and was the holy Lamb of God on England's Pleasant pastures see William Blake's most famous lines are now sung as Jerusalem an unofficial national anthem but they were written as a poem of radical protest against the corruption of industry and commerce a manifesto for the Romantic poets qualified by the darkness descending upon England and did that countenance divine shine forth upon our clouded Hills I was Jerusalem builded here among these dark satanic Mills one evening in March 1791 Albion mill caught fire Blake would have seen the flames rising above the city and he might have rejoiced with the Millers who celebrated on blackfyres bridge the factory was destroyed and remained the blackened and empty shell until its demolition in 1809 Blake passed it every time he walked into the city a symbol of hope in an increasingly mechanized world anyone who has ever yearned for a simple life free from the constraints of modern society owes a debt to William Blake the work of William Blake was not well known to the other Romantic poets but one of them reacted to the Industrial Revolution in the same way he escaped the city in order to preserve the innocence of his child one day in the autumn of 1796 a young poet called samuel taylor coleridge was rushing home from birmingham to bristol he had received unexpected news of the premature birth of his son and he wrote a poem about his feelings of anticipation his instinctive emotions could be those of any modern father I mean before the eternal sire I brought the unquiet silence of confused thought and shapeless feelings my all well met heart trembled and vacant tears stream down my face this emotional response of a father to the birth of his child might seem unexceptional today but for the time these were Radical sentiments you on becoming a parent colleges life completely changed he gave up his job as a traveling preacher and moved away from the city to begin a rustic scheme of life here in the quanto pills in doing so he was to redefine the notion of parenthood and return the child to nature I am anxious that my children should be bred up from the earliest infancy in the simplicity of peasants their food drink and habits completely rustic the time Coleridge spent here in Somerset was the happiest in his life as a child he was sent away to school in London and detested the experience he wanted his son to be schooled by nature you 1:40 night in 1798 he wrote to his son in celebration of the new romantic vision of childhood I was reared in the great city Penta meant cloisters dim but thou my babe shalt wander like a breeze by lakes and sandy shores beneath the crags of ancient mountains so shalt thou see and hear the lovely shapes and sounds intelligible of that eternal language yeah for the Romantic poets childhood was inseparable from nature they believed that our earliest lives are the source of our humanity one friend of Coleridge had experienced nature from his earliest years he grew up in the Lake District and was profoundly influenced by the power of its landscape on a clear night in the early 1780s a young boy was returning home from school along the shores of Al's water a moment of madness or inspiration prompted him to steal a boat and row out onto the lake this experience would define the course of his life the young boy was called William Wordsworth years later the memory of this childhood experience was an inspiration for one of his greatest poems and dipped my or into the silent lake and as I rose upon the stroke my boat went heaving through the water like a swan when from behind that craggy steep a huge cliff as if with voluntary power instinct operate his head the Lake District was the place where Wordsworth always felt most at home but it was also the place where his childhood happiness had been shattered his mother died when he was only seven and his beloved sister Dorothy had been sent away to live with relatives and then when Wordsworth was 13 his father lost his way on the Lakeland Fells and was forced to spend the night there exposed to the elements when he came home he fell ill and died a few days later as the young Wordsworth sat alone in the boat on Al's water he too was at the mercy of nature I struck and struck again growing still in stature the huge cliff rows on between me and the stars and still with measured motion like a living thing strode after me with trembling hands like two and through this island water stole my way back to the Calvinist and military Wordsworth's terror had a profound impact on his imagination for him this strange experience literally brought nature to life huge a mighty forms that do not live like living men moved slowly through my mind by day and were the trouble of my dreams in the absence of parents Wordsworth was being educated by the natural forces all around him at the age of 20 he traveled to the Alps this was not a journey to a specific place this expedition had quite a different goal instead Wordsworth was searching for an emotion his youthful imagination craved solitude danger an overwhelming experience by the standards of his time his was a strange and even incomprehensible journey Wordsworth traveled across some of the most perilous terrain in the world one slip might have brought destruction but he felt alive one night he found himself in exactly the same conditions that had killed his father but for Wordsworth the experience of being trapped in the mountains in the dark was also one of all and fashion the cry of unknown birds the mountains more by darkness visible and their own size than any outward light the breathless wilderness of clouds the clock that told with unintelligible voice the widely parted hours the noise of streams and sometimes rustling motions nigh at hand which did not leave us free from personal fear the further he traveled through the Alps the closer he came to the source of his inspiration throughout the journey he wrote letters to his sister dear Dorothy my spirits have been kept in a perpetual hurry of delight by the almost uninterrupted succession of beautiful objects which have passed before my eyes the immeasurable height of woods decayed never to be decayed the stationary blasts of waterfalls and everywhere along the hollow rent wins for ting wins bewildered and for long the torrents shooting from the clear blue sky you Wordsworth was beginning to recognize that the natural world was something more than a retreat from private pain and disappointment it was the power at the heart of his imagination the romantic imagination it could render him small and insignificant yet it could also connect him with eternity I held unconscious intercourse with beauty all his creation when Wordsworth returned to England he was reunited with his sister Dorothy they were rarely ever separated again in 1798 they went on a walking tour of the Y Valley there they visited Tintern Abbey two words with the abbe was a reminder of a more harmonious pre-industrial past it was a place of spirits of exultant experience and of inspiration the a be consumed by nature was a powerful romantic metaphor nature was ultimately greater the man the ruined building in its beautiful setting was an image both of serenity and of desolation the romantics were half in love with ruins they were the symbols of ancient time forgotten and decayed the cast their shadows over the new mechanical world of the Industrial Revolution for Wordsworth this was a moment out of time it allowed him to look back upon the course of his life and grasp the evolution of his relationship with nature the sounding cataract haunted me like a passion the tall rock the mountain and the deep blooming wood their colours and their forms to me within an appetite a feeling and alive his response was central to the romantic view of the world that endures to this day I have learned to look on nature not as in the hour of thoughtless youth but hearing often times the still sad music of humanity Wordsworth experienced something with which many of us can now identify in our modern pilgrimages to nature I have felt a presence that disturbed me with the joy of elevated thoughts a sense sublime of something far more deeply interfused whose dwelling is the light of setting summers the romantics were the first to express a yearning for the sublime in nature we have been searching for the same sublime ever since the way we relish a sunset is a learned experience one we learned from the romantics the feeling that Wordsworth expresses is beyond rational understanding it is a feeling of the sublime of all the grandeur and divinity in the natural world it is a state of being that transcends the mundane and mechanical world in which we live for the romantics it represented the longing to be free but the sublime was more than just the beauty of a sunset it was about war and terror the natural world was a dangerous place without convention society or God the sublime is manned lost in the immensity of nature the key to the sublime was the ability to lose yourself the experience of having no horizons no sense of confinement on a summer's day at the turn of the 19th century a young boy named John Claire set out from the Northamptonshire village of help stone to walk to the end of the world Claire was the son of an agricultural laborer he was in love with the freedom that the natural world afforded him so he set off determined to experience everything the world had to offer to the worlds and I thought I'd go and no other brink just people down to see the mighty deaths below he was missing for a day and an evening his parents were afraid that he had been killed the whole village began the search for him but the boy was oblivious as if entranced by his own dreams of freedom of course to wonder where I've got what I've got the under son seemed to rise another way the very world's end Samir so back I turn for very fear with eager haste and wonderstruck this unit is my adrenix Mel till home Claire grew up to be a poet this village and the countryside around it were his inspiration he lived here and from the age of 13 worked in the Bluebell in next door it was a good place I treated me more like a son than a servant I believe I might say that this place was the nursery for my rhymes you can imagine what he was laughing John Kerr dies I can't hear you know when you really Claire wrote poems here about the things he knew best his childhood and the beauty of the open countryside the landscape stretching view that opens wide with dribbling Brooks and rivers wider floods the hills and vales and darksome low renin woods with grains of varied hues and grasses pied all these with hundreds more far-off and near approach my sight and pleas to such access that language fails the pleasure to Express but the countryside he knew and loved was about to be transformed in the latter half of the 18th and in the early 19th century a series of enclosure Act was passed by Parliament in order to maximize the profit derived from the earth the common land was fenced off for agricultural views the English countryside was being exploited for the sake of ever-expanding commerce in 1809 a parliamentary Act was passed in closing all the lands of John Claire's immediate neighbourhood as the fields were enclosed William Blake's prophetic vision of the Industrial Revolution had reached the natural world itself creating barriers to freedom that still exists John Clare could no longer wander to the ends of the earth he found himself confined in the very place that he had once felt most free and it sent him spiraling into madness cross freeway an old round oaks narrow lane with its hollow trees like pulpits I shall never see again and closer like a Bonaparte that not a thing remain it leveled every bush and tree and leveled every hill and hung the miles for traitors daughter Brooke is running still it runs a naked brook cold and chill John Claire spent the last 24 years of his life enclosed within the walls of a lunatic asylum his doctor noted that his insanity was preceded by years addicted to poetical posing he was a true if neglected romantic his poetry describes an England where the freedom of nature had been curtailed by the forces of profit and progress with the enclosure acts freedom and the ability to experience the true power of nature seemed to have been all but eliminated then on the 12th of April 1815 Mount Tambora in Indonesia blew apart this was the most powerful volcanic eruption in recorded history beauty and Worf combined with the eruption a million and a half tons of dust were ejected into the upper atmosphere the vegetation or nearby islands perished and 92 thousand people would die as a direct consequence tempura's volcanic cloud lowered global temperatures by as much as 3 degrees centigrade a year after the eruption the temperature in the northern hemisphere plummeted during the summer months 1816 was known as the year without a summer one young poet saw the darkness as the bringer of apocalypse I had a dream which was not all a dream the bright sun was extinguish'd and the stars did wander darkling in the eternal space rayless and pathless and the icy earth swung blind and blackening and moonless air Lorne came and went and came and brought midday and men forgot their passions in the dread of this their desolation the world was void the populace and the powerful was a lump seasonless hopeless treeless manless lifeless a lump of death a chaos of hard clay the rivers lakes and oceans all Stood Still and nothing stirred within their silent with the explosion of Tambora It was as if nature had retaliated against all those who had tried to tame predict or influence it the Industrial Revolution and the remorseless advance of Science and Technology that accompanied it were brought into question the year without a summer was to change the course of art and of science the fear of darkness the fear of nature going awry aroused a new generation of young Romantic poets their work presented awful visions of the natural world and would condemn those who believed that they could control nature this new generation of romantics would meet at the home of Lord Byron the villa Diodati on the Swiss side of Lake Geneva these poets were rebelling against the earlier generation of romantics who seem to have become conservative and we actually Byron even referred to Wordsworth as turtle and called his poetry puerile and namby-pamby I must think less wildly I have thought too long and darkly until my brain became a whirling gulf of fantasy and flame during that dark summer at the villa Diodati the thunderstorms were the only source of natural light the guests rarely left the house this would be the setting for the creation of one of the most original novels in the English language among Aaron's guests was a young woman named Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin lover of his friend the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley this 18 year old was the daughter of the feminist Mary Wollstonecraft and the philosopher William Godwin throughout her life she had been surrounded by intellectuals and radical ideas many and long were the conversations between Lord Byron and Shelley to which I was a devout but nearly silent listener they talked to the principles of life and whether there was any probability of its ever being discovered perhaps a corpse would be reanimated perhaps the component parts of a creature might be manufactured brought together and endured with like a warm when Mary went to bed that night she could not sleep as a young girl she had heard tales of experiments with electricity it was a force that had always enchanted them she had a nightmarish vision I swore to shut eyes but acute mental vision I saw the pale student of unhallowed arts kneeling beside the thing he had put together I saw the hideous phantasm of a man stretched out and then on the working of some powerful engine show signs of life the result of Mary's dream was the greatest of all horror stories written in English Frankenstein this fable of a young Genovese student obsessed with the principles of occult science and the making of new life is a great hymn to the romantic ideal with an anxiety that almost amounted to agony I collected the instruments of life around me that I might infuse a spark of being into the lifeless thing that lay at my feet by the glimmer of the half-extinguished light I saw the dull yellow I've the creature open it breathed hard and a convulsive motion agitated it's lingers the creature spurned by the world roams the vast Mer de Glace in the Vale of sham Oni just like his romantic forebearers there he confronts his maker hateful day when I received life that curse at creator why did you form a monster so hideous that even you done for me and disgust God in pity made man beautiful and alluring after his own image but my form is a filthy type of yours more horrid even from the very resemblance Satan had his companions fellow Devils to admire and Garage him but I am solitary and abhorred Frankenstein is a prophecy that science might be misused by those who wish to alter or tamper with nature the novel's frightful horror is the dark reflection of the romantic sublime its message was simple yet powerful respect and revere nature if it has the power to destroy you science alone is not enough it is a warning many people are repeating to this day everyone who seeks peace by a river upon a mountain or upon a beach is heir to the romantics a beneficiary of their visionary imagination anyone who looks upon nature and thinks about man's place within it owes a profound debt to the romantics for when they looked at nature they were also looking into their souls man himself contained all the terrors and secrets of the sublime another episode of this program airs next week on TV Oh find out more about some of the poets and poems featured in this series with a free booklet from the Open University to order call Oh 8 7 oh 900 oh 3 double 1 here more of the romantics poetry at BBC code dot UK forward slash romantics