Documentary Filmmaker: Film & TV Mimi Machado-Luces



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Documentary Filmmaker: Film & TV Mimi Machado-Luces
How to Make It In Film consists of a series of behind the scenes interviews with regional, national and international filmmakers, editors, directors, writers, cinematographers, producers and many others who work in the film industry. Each program includes questions taken from a live studio audience consisting of students in the film and film studies division at George Mason University. Covering all aspects of the filmmaking process, each program is designed to enlighten students and take them through all the steps to Make It in Film. From the roles of sound editors to assistant directors, scriptwriters to location managers, cinematographers to producers, webisode producers to film critics and documentary filmmakers to actors, they’ll discover the role of each position and what it takes to Make It in the business. MIMI MACHADO-LUCES, Emmy, Telly and ProMax award winning; Producer, Writer, Director of documentary films, television programs, health education films, commercial advertisements and television promotion spots. She won critical acclaim with La Vida in Black, a character portrait of Afro-Latinos living in the Americas.

welcome to George Mason University studio a my name is Rick Davis and today our guest is Emmy award-winning director producer writer Mimi Machado lusus what got you interested in this business in the first place um Barbara Walters I just remember her anchoring the news and saying wow she gets to interview people like Menachem Begin and presidents and Michael Jackson and Bob Marley and it was kind of fun and I said you know I want to interview people like that when I grow up and I want to do it in television how did you get into documentary filmmaking Wow BTW jazz I went I went back to work at bay to jazz after my son turned three and I begged my way into creative services at Beauty jazz and my manager director there was had been my manager director years before when I had worked for BT regular and at bt jazz it there was only two people watching so at the time it was called bet on jazz and we had not a lot of programming and I came up with some fun ideas to go out to wolf trap and interview artists to try and get some commercials have somebody like seal or Al Jarreau or somebody of that caliber saying hi I'm al jarreau and you're watching BTW jazz they turned into interviews and they turned into a show and so I started doing I created a show at bt jazz called profiles at wolf trap huh your Emmy is for fossils Latinos yes which is was that your next project um no in between there to toe pointed juniors attorney called me after seeing Cuban music crossing borders and asked me to do a tribute to Tito Puente with his son because he had seen my other show profiles show on the channel and I did that and somewhere in there Tito Puentes music was all about dancing and i am a cell suphan mm-hmm so I i used to i will i still do i have a cheers downtown in DC called havana village that i inhabit and love to go in there and dance every month or so once a month i have to take my havana village break and so i was in there and I said you know I asked the owner if I could come in and shoot and pazzos Latinos kind of came alive and I started looking for the best Latin dancers it like kind of do a history and I found cute the original Cuban Pete and he agreed to have me come to Florida and interview him and I went to Florida interviewed him and passos became this like just a I don't know it kind of blossomed into what I thought it was going to be originally was I was going to do some segments on different dancers that were world-class that were Latin dancers and it turned into just a bunch of stuff about Latin dance bashas Latinos are stocked and natural heritage

Inside Bill's Brain: Decoding Bill Gates | Official Trailer | Netflix



This three-part documentary tells Bill Gates’ life story, in-depth and unfiltered, as he pursues unique solutions to some of the world’s most complex problems. From Academy Award-winning director Davis Guggenheim (An Inconvenient Truth, He Named Me Malala).

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Inside Bill’s Brain: Decoding Bill Gates | Official Trailer | Netflix

Bill Gates. -Your favorite animal?
-Dog. -Your favorite food?
-Hamburger. -Eat breakfast?
-Nothing. What is your worst fear? I don't want my brain
to stop working. Bill is a multiprocessor. He'll be reading
something else but then processing
at the same time. It's chaos! He thrives on complexity. He makes a framework
in his mind and then he starts
slotting in the information. If something doesn't line up,
he gets really frustrated. It's scary. But when Bill stills himself, he can pull ideas together
that other people can't see. At Microsoft,
I worked night and day. That was how I made sure
Microsoft stayed ahead. I could be so extreme. You never understood
the first thing about this! Microsoft hit a new
record high on Wall Street. Rivals paint a dark picture. He'll do whatever he can
to capture more of the market. Our mother wanted him
to focus on community and family. I gave my mom a hard time
not following what she wanted. You don't raise a family hyper-focused in your head. Each one of us has to start out with developing his or her
own definition of success. I had the wrong way
of looking at things. In life, you have to decide,
what's important in the world? I will look at energy,
climate change, and disease eradication. It's important that we start
deploying solutions unnaturally fast. We are running out 
of time here. He tends to look at problems
from unusual angles. There hasn't been innovation
in nuclear energy for 25 years. What are the odds
of getting the job done? If you want to make
a dent in this, you better think
in wholesale magnitudes. He's at his best when the deck is stacked
against him. There's many challenges. This is harder than I expected. Ultimately,
it's not what you get… it's what you become.

Diversity's Jordan and Perri Praise Jesy Nelson's Documentary and Discuss Online Trolls | Lorraine



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Diversity are off on tour celebrating 10 years since they found fame on the Britain’s Got Talent stage, saying that as the years go on, the more dangerous and adventurous their performances have become. When asked about his ex Jesy Nelson’s new documentary on the vicious online abuse she’s received since appearing on The X Factor, Jordan praises her for being so open, having also experienced similar online attacks.
Broadcast on 12/09/2019

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Jordan empiric from diversity joining me now that was that your life flashing before you very energetic what's the ten years so you're sure that we're going to see obviously of course is going to be about dance that there's a lot so that's what it's spectacle isn't it yeah I mean I think when you say something like a tenure in the bursary tour people automatically their head go straight top greatest hits with bucks fees or something like that not quite not yet for us I feel like with this toy it was kind of a case of of course we want you to give a nod to everything that we've done and we've been lucky enough to can't have like all fans and stuff corner sounds so cliche but like 13 or 16 come in jump through fire while hold in the end people at the same time yeah yes it's quite daunting you know baby how you have grown I'm just that short of a bucket of sand because you're here is very much parent of you and we don't want anything to happen no exactly look Bob it's in the bun but you're still loving it both out he's the really enjoy what you do yeah often that's the best thing what every single day will if not dream with the people we love most and it's just it's crazy it's still be here it's really nice from the heart and of course know your dad's of course it's the two that once you've got a little doggie you dog is your child yes let's be honest let's be honest nd did they come along if they gotta think about the burger do they want to dance did because I can imagine children would adore watching this well the thing is cassia so my oldest one he's only one he's got this really come to watch our sir shark and he tries to copy everything we do so if I put my arms that he puts his arms out and he's got this new finger where the boys work you got a dance straightaway he drops on the floor it's not kind of breakdance and then the problem now is it's all good for them so they think is cute and funny when it's 4:00 in the morning I'm trying to get into sleep easy these grow bags still go in that's enough now that's obviously of course he's going to be in Tracy the nice it's all around them gymnastics today no person that's that's college so many people say okay they make no hit the hates that you have but just for young people because we're always saying you know they need something to do they need something to channel that energy into into think of it and and they do that you know they go and do dancing like the way you do I don't know I wouldn't say like to take credit for going all loads of people dance now but I'd like to think we've been part of you know opening the floodgates a little be especially street that's bringing it a bit more mainstream you know after-school clubs now you there seems to be more shows about it seems to be more of a platform for it and have you been a partner no it's been cast again it's tough and we may be talking all week and per Taylor because Jesse I knew you know you need you guys used to go over each other and she's done this documentary Jesse from Little Mix about how hard it is you know in the public eye it's hard for someone in Jesse's situation because where she's been so successful she's done so much people's initial reaction is to go what if you want to do that then you know you have to expect it and it's like that's not quite right it's not and people you know they get a phone and I get on a keyboard and it just imagine if you could just walk up to anyone in the street and say things that you say online like it's just weird is what it's made this disconnect and people said a that one if you get any of you like 100% I feel like I was really young when we won luckily we're a big group of friends and we've all got each other's backs yeah I feel like being on your own out there or you know not being as many of you can be really hard and to be honest you know we bust boys there's like you know there's ten of us in the group and if you read a comment that's not nice and you try and all bandar it off and below it's funny but like course it's not nicest even things become an outsider specially since becoming a dad I get worse than ever which is really weird like comments about oh you're not doing this for her you're not doing that more and this and that it's like me he's a kid those socks are the wrong material at least in love other day off it really is but it's great that you've got you have got each other and of course Jesse's got the girls from little me he's really really helped her but what I think is good if people like you know that you spatially talk about this and make people realize how damaging it can be absolutely all stock 46 because it's so mean but in a much happier note 10 long years and much much more to come much more to come and they same time I see where were you bring your little talk yesterday Oh 100% you

safariLIVE – Sunset Safari – Jan. 22 2018



Views:12280|Rating:4.72|View Time:14:39:48Minutes|Likes:220|Dislikes:13
Jump onto a LIVE, interactive African safari. Twice a day our expert guides invite you to explore the African wilderness in safari vehicles and on foot. Together, we will search for everything from elephants and lions to flowers and landscapes.

Interact with your guide by asking questions through #safarilive on Twitter or via the chat stream located to the right of the feed on YouTube.

UPDATE: As of Monday, 13th November:
The Sunrise drive runs from 05:30 – 08:30 local time, which means start times of 22:30 EST, 19:30 PST, 03:00 in the UK, 04:00 in Central Europe, and 14:00 Sydney time.
Our Sunset Safari runs from 14:30 – 18:30 local time, which means start times of 07:30 EST, 04:30 PST, 12:30 in the UK, 13:30 in Central Europe, and 23:30 Sydney time.

When safariLIVE isn’t live, you can view the feed from the Djuma Waterhole camera, from the heart of Djuma Private Game Reserve in the Sabi Sand/greater Kruger National Park area.

Crocodile safari: hunting permits proposed in NT



Views:32175|Rating:4.41|View Time:9:20Minutes|Likes:172|Dislikes:23
The NT Government and hunting operators are proposing selling 500 licenses to hunt the apex predators to protect local livestock, fund conversation and create opportunity for indigenous communities.

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MUST SEE! TNT BOYS DOCUMENTARY ECLOUSIVE REACTION!!! (What a Start…)



I hope you will enjoy this video because I certainly did! Made me want to tear up and open up about how I can relate to their story! Enjoy and I hope this video puts a smile on your face. Let me know in the comments down below.

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Q: Do you have another channel?
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Consider checking them both out for valuable videos created by the one and only, Anthony.
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Q: When will you travel to the Philippines or in my country?
A: When I get done with college (June 2020)! Stay tuned for more updates on my social media and here on Youtube for any travel updates or meet and greets! Follow me on IG and send me a DM to be included in an exclusive GROUP CHAT coming soon!

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A: I’m a Senior at UC Davis

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I hope you enjoyed, and thank you so much for watching! Don’t forget to give this video a thumbs up. Comment down below any video requests, share with your friends, and remember to HIT THAT SUBSCRIBE BUTTON! Thank You! 

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I DO NOT OWN THE ORIGINAL VIDEO I REACTED TO. I SENT THE ORIGINAL LINK ON TOP AND THAT IS WHERE I GOT THE VIDEO. NO COPYRIGHT INTENDED IN ANY WAY

Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for «fair use» for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of «fair use». The recent amendments to the Copyright Act of 1976 pertain to music. «Fair use» remains in force for film and video.

No copyright intended. All content used in adherence to Fair Use copyright law.

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what is up guys welcome back to the Anthony jaha oh my gosh we reached 60,000 subscribers here on the Anthony's now I haven't uploaded I uploaded I believe two days ago but before that it's been a week but I am back and better than ever and just so excited because I got the opportunity give me a second I got the opportunity to react to the TNT boys documentary full episode number one to watch with my TNT boys subscribers of mine and yeah it's awesome you know I always think about the day where I met the TNT boys all the time it's just like all the time because there's the first official team the first official like famous individuals that I have met ever on the Anthony show so it's very exciting I recorded the whole thing and I just want to take thank Andre Ajala for the amazing opportunity and yeah without further ado guys I'm gonna be doing a 10 minute segment for 25 minutes so there's gonna be a video tonight the one you're watching now and then and every other day I'm gonna upload part two then the final part three about my thoughts about the documentary it's a 25 minute video so thank you for watching me the reactor of choice for the TNT boys none other than Anthony so without further ado let's get it if you need to my channel or if you know of any other Chanti boys fans who don't know who I am please spread the word share the video spread the love all that amazing stuff and yes stay tuned for more updates on TNT boys here on the Anthony show and on my social media all of it will be in the description down below so that further ado let's get it in three two one and Carla my throat that was way too much okay the following video is protected by copyright and Trademark oh my god it is unlawful to anyone Oh oh my gosh so official look at that smile this should be a Netflix documentary what the heck or there should be a YouTube red premium kind of thing man this is it I want that sounds familiar I want original documentary oh I remember that I want that sounds familiar I think they hosted something before as well journey to the world stage get your popcorn wait I don't know Keefer was older than Macky I don't know Francis was the youngest Wow so professionally shot I love it damn yep I remember that I oh there's an ad person oh are you kidding me in socks what cheese oh go oh my god can't believe it there was an ad men time it's show time I haven't been up to date with TNT keep the zone we talked to me please keep the zone please Vice Ganda making an appearance damn sick that's like the clothes you wear when you get married what that's what he looked like when he was 11 I don't want to cry come on wow this is a deep video I should have known they were gonna go through this I it's a documentary Anthony come on what were you expecting okay it's okay I'll take a candle on a cupcake that's a good one I like that bosses he was 11 he got 50 what I don't believe it he's 11 here there's no way to year their life like Wow lucky boys man lucky boys they're humble they're humble about it but they're amazing Oh keifa keep I don't know how he does the long hairy legs they look they could look different man 12 years old deaf power hey that looks nice that looks that looks good that looks good when I go to the Philippines and I yes I'm going to the Philippines just your weight interesting bosses bosses [Applause] Nilesh all what is up with the ads like why is there ads on this video jeez Louise go wait go I can't control it guys I can't what can you believe two years ago they were doing that the kids we recorded that name that's precious that's the shy had a towel my shins I didn't even react to their TNT performance the individual straight to the boys various regimes husband you could hear a lot of that voice in the music he does he does now look at his hair – you could just see the hair change you know I think my hair would look like that to have that kind of Filipino hair Oh Francie's that's it this is this one's gonna be he looks like me when I was a kid okay I have to finish this let me just finish their backgrounds okay I can't sleep without knowing it fifth of the nine singing in the street sixteen you just don't know man I'm will explain why I'm Francis well that's a nice house to me that's a nice house to me yep Panthers is very jumpy when I met him like little jumpy precious man I think everyone should record these moments of like their children themselves they got food I think Francis is a friend 13 okay okay there we go this is gonna be it we're cutting it here we are cutting it here to add the adds going on here not following them but there's just too many there's just too many ads too many but oh just seeing their childhood is something I didn't even know like this whole time I reacted to the TNT boys roughly maybe about a year now I would want to say you just don't know like if I never watch this documentary I would never know that they came from like the poor side of like the Philippines but not saying like poor as in like not happy like they were happy they're grateful they're humble now which makes sense to they're humble like they're humble characteristic when you meet them when you see them it's very very very very you need to live I feel like in the Philippines I hear about this a lot and I could highly relate because my mom my mom's mom so my grandma came from the Philippines to here with a lot of her siblings right there's like a lot of them you know in the Philippines I don't know I feel like there's like a trend going on I always noticed that there's a lot of kids going on with like especially in the last few years like you have like maybe like six to twelve kids I'm like what and then so my grandma had my grandma's mom had maybe about like 12 kids and then my grandma had three kids and then my mom had one kid okay so it's kind of like going down and then me and then it's just like yeah I didn't grow up through the process and the Philippines and why they're so humble and they're so grateful for everything when you come to the States what I'm trying to say here is living through those hard times is those experiences that makes you who you are today and why you do what you do what you do and your purpose you know how how close you are with your family that all comes into those beginnings and I feel like right now I was born in the States like luckily I was born here in the States but my family did live somewhat similar to that you know with um but yeah these kids are very just amazingly talented I'm glad they were that they were able to have their break because they needed it they deserved it they worked for it they got it okay period and I love it I love it and I can't wait to see what they have going on the future this is part 2 coming up and the next next day so subscribe convert I see you next like the video for more and share my memories about a run out so that's like a good the video but thank you guys for watching we watch it if you want and yeah peace out stay awesome and I'll see you on my next video

6 WILD Animal Walk Movements



Views:33842|Rating:4.90|View Time:6:15Minutes|Likes:1133|Dislikes:22
Wild animal walk movements done in the wilderness. These movements are new animal walks we have been working on! Blog post with benefits and instructions ➞

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Nelson Lakes – Winter Aerial Reel – David Attenborough Voiceover



Views:38|Rating:5.00|View Time:1:48Minutes|Likes:1|Dislikes:0
Sit back and enjoy some beautiful aerial footage of the Nelson Lakes area in New Zealand during its beautiful winter Season with the spectacular David Attenborough Voicing over.

Filmed and Edited:
Leroy Bull ( DJI Mavic 2 Pro)

David Attenborough Voice Over:
BBC (The British Broadcasting Corporation)

human beings venture into the highest parts of our planet at their peril some might think that by climbing a great mountain they have somehow conquered it but we can only be visitors here this is a frozen alien south of the treeline the winters are shorter so trees grow faster and taller and forests begin to appear their variety and complexity is breathtaking each snowflake is water waiting to be released in spring for this reason snow is the lifeblood of these silent forests and all that live here depend on it in one way or another you

HOW To Check Original Casio fx-991ES Plus Scientific Calculator || Two Easy Method ||



Views:30|Rating:5.00|View Time:5:3Minutes|Likes:5|Dislikes:0
Hello FriendS… 🙋🙌🙏
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Pantanal, Mato Grosso, Brazil – Birdwatching along Transpanteira



Views:12289|Rating:4.33|View Time:6:58Minutes|Likes:13|Dislikes:2

Pantanal is a paradise for ornithologists and birdwatchers. See and photograph beautiful aquatic and paludícolas birds are not difficult in this region. Since the biggest stork of the world, symbol of Pantanal, and tuiuiú or jaburu (Jabiru mycteria) with its sleepy figure, resting on only a leg, part of the pantaneira landscape, until small jaçanãs, that dont stop moving on aquatic plants to capture insects. Lots of birds of our Brazil are in the region of Pantanal. The Pantanal is among the biggest reserves of birds in the world and needs to be preserved!

Some of the birds species that can be found in Pantanal:
Arara vermelha (Ara chloroptera), Ararinha-de-colar (Ara auricollis), Talha-mar (Rynchops nigra), Curicaca (Theristicus cuadatus), Viuvinha (Fluvicola leucocephala), Seriema (Cariama cristata), Coruja-buraqueira (Speotyto cunicularia), Mucurututu (Pulsatrix perspicillata), Colhereiros (Platalea ajaja), Suiriri-cavaleiro (Machetornis rixosus), Ema (Rhea americana), Garça branca (Bubulcus ibis), João grande (Ciconia maguari), Papagaio verdadeiro (Amazona aestiva), Prícipe-negro (Pionites melanocephalus), Socó-boi (Tigrisoma lineatum), Tucano-açu (Ramphastos toco), Tuiuiu (Jabiru mycteria), Urubu-de-cabeça-vermelha (Cathartes aura), Arara-azul grande, Papagaio-galego, Gavião-belo, Cuco, Arara-canindé, Urubu-da-cabeça-amarela, Arara-azul grande (Anodorhynchus hyazinthinus), Caracará (Polyborus plancus).

Created by: EPTV – Terra da Gente

Edited by: www.brazilhotel-link.com

English subtitles available and provided by:
www.brazilhotel-link.com

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Britain is in the grip of an epidemic of sexually transmitted infections everyone shugged everyone behind every rash lump and itch men were coming with pus coming out everywhere and you said this image here on the back passages is a patient terrified they may have caught an STI what is gaming this series follows the staff as they treat patients at the Manchester Center for sexual health similar things day especially to see that herpes and Watson from what we're the Nasdaq I'm going to tell about and we work with the clinic to invite Manchester's young people to get checked out perfect actor upset said unperceptive 180 that has actually come back positive for gonorrhea before learning how the fallout from unprotected sex it's going up in increments me next you can have syphilis we all's in your cock affects them feel like it's really high oh hey I just want to get my results and their relationships I've got something pregnant not my mother I'm just something God's not you just stop this week ladies man John makes a shocking confession about comedy up three times an open relationship leaves Adele wide open to infection calling because I just got a message from the clinic and Dan reflects on the choices that led him to contract HIV it was a decision I was making and it ultimately where's the wrong one it's 8 a.m. at the Manchester Centre for sexual health and the floodgates are about to open hi this is Anne one of the nurses can help you whether they've been left with a nasty surprise by an ex or have a horrible holiday memento nearly a hundred patients a day come here seeking help oh yeah you got a point ma'am have you been here before no receptionist Claire is the friendly face in charge of the clinic's STI guest list Annette's life got is at ten past three once you've opened the doors and they form a queue it goes straight round and out the doors back onto the main bowl demand for the service room and just as lost filled young people is booming someone is by 10 o'clock all the slots are gone so every day is different it's always busy though through the clinic doors today of three mates from Manchester Geon woo and Ben it's been six months and a lot of unprotected sex since any of them got tested and even they can't decide who's most at risk why me because you've got been tested since you've been America that's about a year ago yeah I don't know if I've got someone who's giving me though I don't even know I'd have a list of that long as my arm does he'll just be sat there like oh never had any symptoms nothing of you yeah mother I've had burning sometimes I don't know when you said to me that you had green discharge coming at the end of yours I'll clean yourself more often if you're young free and single Manchester has a lot to offer and John Andy's mates try to take full advantage I don't necessarily say that I'm going out on the pole but stockings I get prophesy puff wonder by myself there's some sicko sexy dancing you can watch and learn but I'm not going to sit down a teacher for John's casual attitude to casual sex means he could easily have caught an STI but with many of them treatable it's only certain infections that seem to worry him just the ones you can't get rid of obviously hepatitis and AIDS and stuff are obviously pretty grim but I thought I've opened I've not got anything like I don't think a house I'd be devastated films with you guys horrible in it okay when you have sex be partners do give some oral sex yeah please I know it's really embarrassing I know we've only just met are you allergic to anything at all like not cats but no I don't have such a touchy no no that's fine I wasn't gonna let you know that was fine it isn't just the questions that are making Rou squirm for a man covered in tattoos he has a surprising phobia Needleman scared ma like I hate injections so I don't want to get my blood type over Kate really really stuff okay it's not honest a bit to take only the tip golden I'm a leaf what why keep still for me yeah just keep calm it's fine start scratch it's been over a year since Ben last got tested I don't really like doing things like this but I can't do it really onion and it's not the only thing he's been putting off LastPass sharing I'm smiling about eight nine o'clock how do we know who my god no right okay that's fine good great if you like camels yeah Ben should have no problem filling the sample pot he's been holding it in for nearly ten hours there's a shelf in there leave on the shelf and I'll grab it from in there when you're done I'll have how much yeah well we fill it you're gonna be overflowing on you okay you'll get them in at 11 o'clock in the morning this am peed all day that means since they went to bed the night before when you're thinking how can that be possible you blada must be out here and then listen the guys who try to get through your things you know they're desperate to we have you ever had sex another man no have you ever shared needles that's how you needles I don't know when you have sex with your partners to give them oral sex um sometimes huh how'd you receive any anal sex do I receipt yeah we ask everybody this question well how many partners we had in the last three months um come on uh four or five four to five your last three months geez condoms when you have sex you know no never occasional occasional are you John's admissions are a familiar story at the clinic it's one of the reasons over 6,000 sti's are diagnosed every week in the UK and obviously more partners you have the more at risk you are having an infection and that could be gonorrhea could be syphilis could be HIV I'm gonna do you know so so stop having sex but just you know think about if you think about your health I just look after yourself loved-up Adele has just got back from a two-week love in with her toy boy Eddie in Australia had a fantastic time was very teary when I had to leave and come home we met in Thailand at Christmas we sort of had discussions about the fact that we lived on the other side of the world and there's quite a bit of an age difference between us and at different stages in our lives so we decided just to keep an open relationship but at the same time I didn't really want him to be with anyone else and I did kind of worry about him being with other people and you can't help but get a bit jealous but right now jealousy is the least of our worries while I was away I got pain on urination and I started getting really itchy feeling down below and and I started to get a bloody discharge which hasn't cleared up so I wanted to get it checked out idelle adèle and her boyfriend have now decided to become exclusive but if Eddie has already passed on an STI it could put a prick in their love bubble how long have you had the other symptoms of the bloody discharge for about four days but the itchiness that's been going on for more than a week bender the last time you had sex about 48 hours ago her symptoms could be a sign of herpes gonorrhea or chlamydia so dr. Chitra wants to take a closer look I've got the speculum here you know only this bit goes in so now's when I want you to take deep breaths in and out now with my two fingers which are much smaller than that plastic instrument feel you the neck of your who that's great well done sir just gonna lower the best Chitra has some concerns with what she's seen when I examined her it was a bit of redness around the world web down below and also around the perianal region yet with like a couple of of mists cracks and skin which is very suggestive of thrush yeah on the other hand the discharge which there was a bit of there was no blood at all it didn't look typically like thrush so we're going to have a look under the microscope to see whether we can see anything but regardless of that I'm going to give you some treatment for thrush anyway right have a good day genital adele's test results won't be back for up to a fortnight she and her boyfriend faced an anxious wait to find out if he's infected her with an STI after months of unprotected sex John Annie's mates are finally getting tested and how many sexual partners have you had in the last three months about ten fifteen or thirty yeah with the partners these ten partners are you using condoms with these some some sometimes when you say some how many well a 3/4 movie so three then protected yeah and seven unprotected Oh Roo survived the needle but now he's worrying in case he needs a penile swab you got any questions how come you don't do like number other thing anymore we don't ever use an umbrella for me I fight one of them is leaked straight on I don't Cui's a little note like why don't you know them things blow bubbles live yes that's right we use a tackle nope not quite as big as something that you go bubbles wait what we only use those if you've got symptoms right fortunately for roe he has no symptoms so he won't need a swab umbrella sized or not the myth of the umbrella I mean what we swab with is may not you fly it is like a thing that you use for blowing bubbles obviously not quite as big all it is is a little loop so when we're testing man who got symptoms we just pop that any urethra take a swab and that's it it's not an umbrella it's not a massive great big thing that scrapes up the urethra it's not nothing basically swabs and needles should be the least of the lads worries while most SDI's can be easily treated they could still have a lasting impact on their lives have you ever had an infection before yeah chlamydia three times more times you have sexual infection the more risk you are having problems isn't that you need to think about and pee long-term health career like don't you want it just pop it in the tray that's you're tested on yep so we've tested you for gonorrhea chlamydia HIV syphilis hepatitis A and hepatitis B every day takes about two to three weeks for everything to come back as soon as we get your text test result feel the texture okay do you need any condoms um yeah go on please come on have some Cheers by Democrats an old bag and fifth try to ruin the fun which I'm not but I think sometimes they don't think about the implications of what they do at the moment it's just all I've got coming – I can get it – it's not a problem but when when they have a lot to drink when they're out on the town you know and it's easy gone there just to join themselves to just throw the care swing and you just effects quick and don't think about the repercussions we go thank you little by the good is there and obviously the know you staying in their new to use them think about you girl the girls that you see their health I think about your own as well yeah okay and we'll be in touch with you results roaches all right that's good no yeah you don't look so well after yourself you touch okay see you now bye-bye I'm not too worried honest with you it's not quite worrying until you know is that so use these John Andy's mates will get their results back in a fortnight how come you got nothing as we asked them to week for a sex rival you know they face the prospects of being diagnosed with HIV syphilis gonorrhea or chlamydia again why was you so long though life doesn't like a bag of condoms could be too little too late the boys have left but it seems Fiona is having a wee problem with Ben's sample the urine is not in the toilet where he's asked it to know where the cleaners have taken the piss literally that's fine so he's not weed since five o'clock this morning then we get the weed that he's been hanging on to all day in the bed loved-up Adele doesn't yet know if her boyfriend room down under has infected her down below I kind of did have it the thought in the back of my mind perhaps it's an STI because I think my symptoms of chlamydia and gonorrhea can have you know burning sensation when you when you're peeing as well hi hi that's day going um okay I went to the big um clinic and got myself checked out it's just like you know I've got to get undressed behind a little screen and then sit with my legs up in the air and my bits revealed to them which isn't the nicest thing in the world the only thing that's slightly concerning me she said the discharge that I have wasn't sort of not like normal for thrush so I guess there could be something else but hopefully that's it's not okay you're okay aren't you yeah yeah I'm flying yeah that's good it's this yeah if I suppose something happened to you something negative came back and I probably come yeah yeah wait and see I've gotta go now honey love you lots bye bye it would be nice if he was here and he could have come to the clinic with me that would have been nicer but I guess it's just something I've got to do on my own it's a situation we've got myself in student been recently had a drunken one-night stand whilst on a break from his girlfriend good start to the day that lad how are you now they're back together she slapped him with a sex ban until he can prove he doesn't have an STI not that he's made Calvin has much sympathy tomorrow set out to get tested she always use a condom you see I'm pretty sure I did but I was quite drunk on 100 central that's better to be safe than sorry angel so you nervous not lately like some pressure everything should be okay but what you gonna do with Ain takes medication yeah I mean not that you can tell by looking but did she seem like she kept herself I do I love those drums Littleton should be yeah she didn't seem like she was currently dying yeah so she was like all over the place and just winking no gosh probably hasn't had a bath in like ten years no I'm not room hmm like the last November is doing some shots at the bar with my friend and I vaguely remember leaving the club and I assume she must have been there are you sure you didn't like just grab some random woman and just like have your way with her not a saying you're that sort of person I'm not some sort of barbarian invader just rather than sort of Viking warrior rampaging through the countries dealing with but you are from Leeds oh well yeah that's the same thing alright if you have to pick one no yeah of all of them which would it be if you have to have one I'm familiar I'm sure one my friends at it need to stop some antibiotics so I think you're like more of a syphilis man all thumbs right but what if she had AIDS um you could evade if he does have HIV or any other STI he'll need a very understanding girlfriend or he could find himself on a permanent break for some people coming to the clinic can be awkward or embarrassing for others it's simply impossible the clinic runs a weekly outreach program to provide sexual health care for patients currently detained at Her Majesty's pleasure is there any leaflets in here unnerve syphilis specialist nurse Lisa has been visiting the inmates of HMP Manchester for over two years and knows penile problems in the penal system are a real issue all the prisoners that we screened last week I need to get their results ready for this week and once come back as soon as a syphilis other ones come back as a chronic potatoes beef so I need to sort them out when I get there joining her for the first time today is clinic Support Worker Celia you go to the prison today Celia yes have you been before I am oh what's it like it's Gary I'm a women do we have a guard with us a nice honky one all you'll have someone that escort you to the young health center but you don't have a guard with you in the room so you're alone with them prisoners yeah will you be with somebody else's – yeah that's it yeah you've got terrorists in a but rapists murderers pedophiles it's a proper Bigard prison depressing it tastes not scared was young no no not when I was in the clinic now he's just walking through the prison right so what do you miss me our prison do you see them ah yeah never see me it's not like Escape from Alcatraz it's excited I love quit slippity before I go won't get chance to have one for while I'm on Celia right and we can say this is that sealed sealed or sealed right okay inside HMP Manchester as some of the country's most dangerous criminals no sure that's it Celia we're in and inside them are some of the most dangerous STDs this is remain holding cell area here that's the Amane screen prisoners and we've also got another holding cell here which is for vulnerable kind of business before the patients are called up from the cells Lisa shows Celia the ropes now all during the urine samples now I do the urine over there that's absolutely fine and they said if you've disposed of it in their Mahr inch bags that's absolutely fine this is no there's no solution see Oh so just ruler we're eating the sink no no put them ceiling back in the back and they go indie and they just put in the bin we're doing car watch anyway with infection rates for prisoners significantly higher than the UK average Lisa knows the value of this outreach work it's just as important to offer these guys in and screening in here as it is how I'm on Cilla Street if you like they know that the communities are prison some of them so what they're do is to make sure they're a lot of things before they go into prison I mean a few of them have had no symptoms and they've got chlamydia you know got that kind of thing their first patient today is a prisoner serving time for a drugs offense it's good to know that you've had a check-up and then you know everything's okay and like I said I can get your results to you next week sound like a plan yeah now just go through some quick quick questions with years that's okay the last time this man faced questioning get led to a prison sentence he'll be hoping to get off lighter today and use protection with your partner or I'll log you been together far no other sexual partners if you ever injected drugs sex with anyone who's injected drugs okay and the last time you have sex with anybody is one six weeks so we checked your info chlamydia and gonorrhea and we can check your blood for HIV and simplest all right any questions just don't like needles can see it all on your face no holster cell phone rings football women will fit with one patient down Lisa and Celia still have many more left to see I've got one that I've got a follow-up has got a chronic hepatitis there's another one who's I need to check out whether he's been treated for syphilis and the others this was two of them have got Walt [Applause] I'll just need you to fill this paperwork in for me back at the clinic and student belly's hoping to persuade his girlfriend to lift the sex ban by proving he hasn't got an STI I broke up with my girlfriend a while ago and then we recently got that together but whilst we're apart got together with someone and she said yeah you need to go and get tested so I said okay fine does should be fine while they start I hope I am so um how is it Benjamin hiya come in have a seat how do you ever have sex with a man no no okay when you have sex with your partners to give them all wrong sex um okay and you received on the anal sex go ask everybody this is the question no okay how do you ever had sex with anyone from a different country um yes whereabouts for there from uh Spain once and the Mexican American ones and as far as you know you're not HIV positive but you've never tested never tested but I've never had any symptoms right okay and have you ever had a blood transfusion um I was in a car accident and glad to have yeah I love internal bleeding and stuff and then again um when I was seven inside have another surgeries I'm not sure if I need a blood transfusion for one well that would have been 93 93 so just need your example now y'all right there tricky cuffs aren't they yeah okay house fab got any questions you want no no that's okay thank you you're very welcome no problem oh I'm free all right but I'm pretty sure I'm okay I'm gonna say to you if we haven't contacted you in two weeks than you find we still sort of leave you spending two weeks thinking I'll god what if they text me oh you've got something then we'll cross his fingers his results come back negative if he has an STI his girlfriend sex bomb will be the least of his worries the clinic deal with thousands of patients like then every month getting their results to them and fast is a vital part of the clinic's day-to-day work oh my god just my results hello and I got a message from Sonic I'm Carl I'll find out soon I've got a text we just need to be positive and hope that our results the ride result is are not such adele's results have come through it's them this from the clinic she gets straight onto skype to break the news to Eddie face-to-face I I'm calling because I just got a message from the clinic saying that everything's negative so big relief yeah a good package for you yeah so I mean it's nice it's there in writing or all okay it's good yeah ah I believe there were no little skeletons hiding in the cupboard so that's really nice at the prison Lacey Lehrer banged up with the inmates from HMP Manchester you set yourself over here palmistry their next patient is serving a life sentence so the last time you had sex with anybody was one have you been in prison since 2010 okay the reason behind his incarceration is confidential but the reasons he's come to see the clinic staff are all too familiar your model is not available for a while robots hopeful for the small class size of a piece of media proximate listen there you know if he did catch something whilst on a break from his girlfriend then any STI will have been causing damage for nearly two years okay tomorrow all services accessible is it painful it's not clear bruising it was a time and usual fluid any discharge okay fasten your oh well what we can do is I can and I can do such a how screen on yet okay and we can test for things like comedy or gonorrhea that can cause if the left untreated it can cause more problems symptoms like you're you're saying around and just because I view the testicular symptoms and now you've also got all the symptoms I will get you in to see a doctor is alright and you will be available to you a week's time when we come back next week we made it we do a result slip put it in an envelope and it's then taken up to you LT week anymore indeed all right the prisoners problem may soon get treated but when he's girlfriend finds out what's happened he may be glad he's locked up there's just one patient left to deal with the prison visit is nearly over any result any test that we do today the results will be available next week I'll try and not send you bad news and when you do to be released you know how long do you think you might get what is person to look for years oh gosh yeah it's got nuit time you get out and don't come back again Thanks good yeah you do learn that lesson then yeah you're all done Felisa the four hours in Nick have flown by the prisoners are really nice like to chat with them you know you get a range of different conversations really sometimes when they say I've been I've been in prison and I never have been in before and anything why'd he come back bribery they're even Celia despite her initial fears has enjoyed herself I liked it I would come back again it was interesting and the prisoners were nice girls human beings like Austin it just locked up that's it she was brilliant she's like a doctor worse and she's absolutely great just cracks on and gets on with it she was absolutely fine she was brilliant she makes me laugh Celia so has got a light-hearted thing to say across town and Johnny's mates are very much young free and single you have you shaved your legs today they're gearing up for a big night out with their friends Abby and Danny Manchus incestuous as once fucking shot each other and it's exhausting horrible horrible everyone Shug well everyone how many girls have you been with that I would of and the other way around so make quite a lot at least six or seven who do you girls be slut with sure I don't know the hack – estimate the power girls were bombed really our number sixteen seventeen and it was about Twitter I'm 25 and up do you use protection I'm not being funny I don't know it's crude but I like to feel it on me I don't think about if they're gonna get pregnant I don't think about sti's do you ask her if she's on the pill III nah good to be fed know if we start doing anything and she doesn't say anything then that's it then it doesn't really matter to me yeah I don't feel her and to be fair is living proof I've got I've got a child in America good night why at the time you think I'm gonna get laid advise it I believe you hon I see is Michael Madea radical Madea three times oh really it's like the girls may be shocked by what they're hearing but for the boys it's almost a badge of honor John's just going for the shiny now in it just HIV to complete the set Oh what so email your fingers with chlamydia though it's just it's literally possibly like take four pills because you can cure that easily but not seriously who can seize well yeah use a car yeah tonight they might get their chance they're off out into Manchester on the pull for the staff at the clinic every day brings new delights you never know what you gonna get behind that kid yeah there's only ever one thing that shocked me was your lat Nick come in and he was worried he didn't know how to use a condom because he's gonna have him to dry sex his girlfriend so I asked him I said so what his try says he says well I leave my undies on when I'm having sex with my girlfriend so pop my head was taking Butler's there's posing on Daisy then if a man's gonna get through I thought I was just amazing how how can i Siddiq up your undies and mouth call dry hormone oh yeah I own Peter huh dan has HIV and is a regular face at the clinic because I am HIV positive having STDs in general having any diseases in general does concern me because of my weakened immune system unprotected sex with other hiv-positive men has infected down with a string of sti's I've had gonorrhea and chlamydia in the past I had a syphilis scare luckily that was all negative but Dan's high-risk behavior has led him to the clinic for the second time in just a few weeks teacher's day a bit of a discharge from the backside I was in about two months ago it's similar symptoms they said it was gonorrhea and I was treated so I'm not sure if they've come back getting to the bottom of things for Dan is Chitra consultant and HIV specialist hang up yes dinah my name is Chester Babu I think they have met Becky from Chicago how long have you been in these people of know about six years now good luck to you well enough that I stay it's it's I'm having fun in Europe's my playground and it a little bit more about the discharge I suppose coming coming out of the back passage it it's kind of colored in such a way well so it's kind of I don't want to say yellowish but sometimes it yellowy Brown how do you use condoms man for annular so correct I'm just couldn't take this off from the front okay just gonna put the skid mark yeah just have a quick look and take little swamp as he has symptoms down needs a penile swab this is just a little bit unpleasant and just a stinking thing for me are you doing some gel on it I'm going to feel a little bit caught his a malicious threats in an hour just going to introduce this okay mmm-hmm SC is thrive in warm moist places dance bottom is both of these things so Chitra will need a swab from there too in view of your symptoms while we're waiting for more sort of complimentary results especially for things like chlamydia I'm going to give you some treatment telling me okay now while you're taking these antibiotics the main advice would be no sex at all not even the condoms not even oral sex dams treatments is a precaution it'll be at least a week before he discovers if he does in fact have yet another dose of gonorrhea McDaniel he is a very intelligent person and you know I do remember having seen him before he's got all the information there but on the other hand we have treated him recently we have to make them aware because there are some things that you can we can easily treat but there are the things we can't despite being HIV positive and repeatedly contracting STDs Dan doesn't seem interested in changing his ways it's a fact of life it does turn out to be gonorrhea that feels like a regular checkup for me well I change my behavior in time I'm still still young I'm still enjoying life so sooner or later life will come down student then is waiting nervously for the results which could signal the end of his girlfriend sex ban and clear him of having HIV syphilis or any other STI that's but right I've got the text it was negative yeah those relief yeah at least I've got anything so I'm just gonna text my girlfriend and tell her everything was fine yeah so obviously the future are trying to get drunk and go home with London women were not sure what's happening I'll try and get my said well I mean but good my girlfriend so and do that now but if I did break up with her we'd Danielle Oswald it'll be sensible and not get to drop her she takes back oh no that means you have sex yeah oh that's good for me after the green light from his girlfriend then he's back on for an STI free sex life smooth talking John andis mates are off out on the pole come on ladies let's go Don let's go even his friend Abbi can't resist these unique charms I mean pee wee mugging me marry me right now oh maybe she can are you doing it well away yeah either way John's not bothered it's not long before he's tongue deep in Manchester's single girls love at first sight goes a little give me the week I was like come on let's go we're only being friendly I'm sucked a quick leg yeah don't lie I'm gonna say it like I was gonna play it's nice to Sheila I wasn't gonna put it as much as what you gonna put it but yeah with a few drinks inside him no girl is off-limits oh she likes bad cock in the never gonna go yeah you're doing it well but with John on the lads yet to receive their results it's possible these girls could get a nasty surprise if they were to go in for more than just a kiss and now they favor yeah we gonna fucking yes I hope so that's that dong fault day P Potts totally good working in sexual health is a real eye-opener even for experienced staff like Fiona and Pam I didn't realize everybody shave their pubic region that was complete revelation to me so maybe think Oh get the razor a new era of no hair yeah it is as well maintain women shade shaded we are a hairless society now I always think mark is a bit warmed they are embarrassed about getting their clothes off because they haven't shaved for a few and honestly they must be a millimeter yeah that's right and there anyway you think it's all right to me that's right Bish's are outlets Oh yesterday no definitely not at all no boss when it comes to sti's the group at least risk of infection apart from nuns are lesbians and oh okay used to be number one just for general test yeah but low risk isn't no risk and having just got together with a new partner nineteen year old Alex can't stop worrying I needed to get tested like I wanted to just put my mind at ease really I worry about warts and because they're disgusted and they would scare me so much if I got them I think what's and crabs as well they will be they are the to like my most feared STI unfortunately for Alex warts is one of the most common STI is for lesbians and if she does have crabs or pubic lice as they're also known she'll be hoping they're nothing like one of the clinic's most infamous cases his name is Bob don't row they are there's its head my life is massive I know if you see it under the microscope eating well and perhaps I came in running around oh it's scary come on through Alex will be praying Bob and his ilk make no appearance during her appointment with specialist nurse Fiona have you ever had a socially transmitted infection before have you ever had sex with an HIV positive man or a bisexual man oh well with your partners do you have oral sex yeah and any anal sex well so you only have female partners as I yeah do you use sex toys at all with your partners though and when you have sex your female partners do you use any other protection tools no you don't use anything there's only like one protection for last video that's right that's sheet thing yeah I've never used that right okay you are aware that there is nothing if need be I mean that they do say that you can make your own dental dam so there's a psycho cling film basically insert that into your vagina you need to put it about there give it a swirl while it's just in there the rector ones slightly harder and I have known somebody come out the bathroom with the cotton a little bit missing as going whereas the end and they're going don't know so I was like thank you very much No thank you you take care bye I her risk as a lesbian women is very low and especially she has no penetrative sex she's not it's just not using sex toys so her risk of infection is low but there's obviously still a risk there Alex will find out if her worries were without foundation in the next two weeks in the meantime there is one method she could try out to protect herself from even the smallest risk the dental dams the notion behind them is to stop the risk of infection through oral sex obviously but people don't use them it's not something that people like then came to the clinic seeking treatment for an anal discharge he's waiting for test results which will tell him if he's contracted gonorrhea for the second time in as many months oh I do have a chat you find a guy you start chatting and perhaps you hook up hoping for the old clay down he's already cruising a gay hookup side he's just replied he's a barman and an author of sorts all these conversations follow the same format sometimes I just find it really mundane and you just want to cut to the chase I'm fairly versatile and up for various things we're working in the city centre I get some people that want me to come round on lunchtime and I think that's a bit too much tempted a few times but I've yet to I have yet to do that since he's appointment life's been tough for Dan yeah well they said to withhold sex so it's just frustration with abstaining but have nothing that long but long enough luckily Dan is Saved by the Bell I've just gotten a results text and it looks negative so it looks all good negative right there in words so whew across town its results day for the likely lads who says I forgot a texture your most recent test results are from MSC hit on negative C so that's why isn't this year Johnny's facing the prospect of his fourth bounce of Chlamydia but he could have contracted a far more serious STI through his high risks exploits I need to stop I know I need to stop now at all way to get to the point where I think oh well I should have stopped just started using protection and end up with somewhat like HIV I smell a lot so no it's in Manchester so read leaflets on it so I'm so need to stop now alright support from under household people don't see them worried but just get worried and by my up by myself the long wait for results has also been causing Alex to do more worrying when I was talking to my friends about it it was it was scaring me a bit I was like I might have a symptom but I've just not picked up on it because I thought I was ill or something like that my my sister- so I don't have anything that's good whoo that was like a weight off my shoulders I feel like texting Maxine thanks but I probably won't work she can't wait to share the news with her girlfriend I'm just putting unfree from Essie eyes I'm so happy that I haven't actually got any STI I feel like I owe myself a pint definitely Alex it sound for some celebration drinks and she's invested in a special safe sex treat for her and a girlfriend to enjoy I order some it's balloons is balloon simple how do you have a damn person we're just about to try the dental thumbs now so wishes look cool the following morning and it seems the dental dams charms have been lost on the girls it's definitely not a solution of how to protect yourself I'd rather not ask that to someone then use up on someone I didn't like it so I wouldn't use it game by gallic said if if I was that worried about someone having an STI shouldn't have sex with him dala nice makes us celebrating him getting the all-clear on his latest gonorrhea test yeah so just yeah went to the clinic for a checkup I go every month the first time I got gonorrhea was very a wake-up call kind of and how many times you've had them I'm actually quite lucky I've only ever had thrush once so he may be clear of gonorrhea but Dan is still hiv-positive I can come we're back and whilst that's no longer the death sentence it once was it still means a life time on medication and often prejudice from those around you if I was to ever think that I was positive or have it I don't know how how I would cope I don't think I would tell anybody I think I would really gun an it whistle but if you had a support network of close friends would you tell them I don't know because my idea of people the way they react um I wouldn't want anyone to think that of us I caught it because it was it was it was horny to not use condoms yeah and I wouldn't say I actively sought it out but I was just being stupid I've regretted it every day since because because it is such a life changer all right do you take break sorry yeah Dan's friend Hunter visibly shocked leaves the room okay although Dan didn't know it it turns out Hunter was completely unaware of Dan's HIV status until now I didn't know that Dan was positive and just it's not not the only words and I was still done to me is I'm still going to love him just as much I changed my own life and it was kind of a stupid decision you're playing the dice game that your numbers will come up and you'll win eventually your numbers aren't going to come in and you'll catch it I suppose that's the tipping point where you go from a happy Dan – what the hell happened and you start relying on your friends because it's it may seem like it's the end his friends reaction makes down reflect on just how serious his condition is yeah I didn't really expect that thought everybody knew everything his reaction to the news that I was positive was very real I try not to feel sad for myself I made that decision I did that I did it to myself two years ago it was a decision I was making and it ultimately was the wrong one John and his mates are meeting up for the first time since receiving their results so subject on the morrow so did you get tax yeah I do Donna now go last me yeah I was really disappointed Ron I know please – like it was all mine I just hope computer I knew I said that before I was like me I just I would just forgot the holster on you mate but I did think though like you'd be the most likely person to hover have something why because you fucking that you're horrible and you shag anything oh look I'd like to know if I've got some up I got inside rather than absolutely investor inside my body for two years it's great news with John and a chance to change his complacent attitude towards unsafe sex definitely relieved so now I have to be sensible I've still gotta think give me a perfect it's a bit of a corner summit where these we're gonna go to a text in a couple of weeks so you know you I've got similar what surprised the boys maybe all clear but back at the clinic the staff faced yet another fun-packed day treating all manner of sti's on this one we have a gentleman who's come in with a discharge warts genital warts burning sensation when wing stomach pains and painful sex need to we more often and this is a lady that's come in she's got a sore throat so she's obviously thinking that's probably a sign that she might have some infection in her throat with the battle against STI is ongoing the clinic still believe it can be one everybody's out there enjoying themselves past quite rightly but let's do it safely so maybe one day next time on on safe sex in the city I made my choice ah now I'm paying for you don't want to be known as the girl who has chlamydia my view on it is you're not a real man unless you're about chlamydia so in the last three months how many sexual partners have you had a lot I'm I'm internal she's gonna fall pregnant for details of organizations which offer advice and support go online to BBC co uk be be t action line to hear recorded information on 8006 801 three three lines open 24 hours a day and a free from a landline mobile operators will charge

Why did Napoleon Invade Russia? (Short Animated Documentary)



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Why did Napoleon Invade Russia? TL:DW, he thought he was going to win.

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A Concise History of France by Roger Price.

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we all know that Napoleon's invasion of the Russian Empire ended how shall we say poorly but one of the big questions is what was he hoping to achieve and were these goals realistic so a bit of context when Napoleon had risen to power in the year eight or 1799 is it normally known Europe looked like this by 1812 on the eve of Napoleon's famed invasion of Russia it looked like this Napoleon had managed to defeat the Prussian Russians and Austrians before this and after rearranging their territories had demanded that they take part in what's called the Continental System the Continental System was basically the don't trade with Britain club and this lack of trade was quite damaging to Russia as such in 1810 the Russians simply opted to ignore Napoleon's demand and trade anyway which the French Emperor did not like one bit now this wasn't the only problem that plagued Franco Russian relations the first was ideological Russia represented everything that the French Emperor despised it wanted a meritocratic Europe in which certain rights were enshrined in certain values were seen as being simply universal and Russia did not embody these ideas the second issue was Poland in 1807 Napoleon had defeated the fourth coalition and as a result took this territory from Prussia and gave it to the brand-new Duchy of Warsaw in 1809 Austria tried to defeat Napoleon and just like everyone else they failed and so was punishment for even trying in the first place they lost this territory to the new polish state so how does this concern Russia well the last independent polish state was the Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth and that had been partitioned by Austria Prussia and Russia this meant that a large polish minority lived within Russia meaning that if there was a conflict between itself and Poland or its patron France they would likely be an uprising furthermore the close friendship between the Duchy of Warsaw in France meant the Poland could be used as a launching point for an invasion into Russia as such the Russians could not tolerate an independent Poland unless it accepted the Russian Emperor as its king the poles in Napoleon said no and so things got a little bit tense so by 1812 the French Empire was deeply bogged down by Spanish and Portuguese resistance in the Peninsular war this was becoming costly in terms of money and lives and so as a result Napoleon needed a win and what better way to do so than to have a quick and easy victory by invading Russia Napoleon knew that he couldn't continue to fight the costly Peninsular war and invade Russia without Prussia and Austria on side as such Napoleon pressured them to commit small forces to the invasion which they agreed to the idea being that they would make an enemy of Russia and so wouldn't be able to against Napoleon so as we all know Napoleon's invasion of Russia was a complete failure and so surely he must have been able to predict some of the issues he faced right well know Napoleon was convinced of his own genius and considered the Russians to be an inferior people who would be unable to withstand his armies for very long as we all know this invasion went terribly for France and Napoleon stays in power were soon numbered so in summary Napoleon invaded Russia for many reasons to enforce the Continental System which in theory would starve Britain of money and resources to destroy Russia is a potential future enemy so that France could focus entirely on the Spanish Portuguese in the British and to strengthen his grip over Eastern and Central Europe as well as the new polish state to enforce Napoleonic ideals there however the most obvious reason he invaded was simple he thought he was going to win I hope you enjoyed this episode and thank you for watching with extra thanks to my patrons that you see on screen now and a special thanks to James Bissonnette David archaeologist Zarqa flash Party Boyko Rob Waterhouse Yashar Enderman Chris wicker Myles Bailey Brent guard Michael Reynolds Gustav Swann tun Rick Onion duck Maggie pax Kowski Winston k-word phacelia Ravidas Anthony Beckett Adam Harvey Ike Skye Chappelle and the amusement park Ives

Feature History – Rise of the Mongols



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this video is brought to you by curiosity stream yet 31 days of streaming completely free using the link in curiosity stream calm / feature story or you can wait till the end to hear more hello and welcome to feature history featuring the Mongol Empire the Empire is well known amongst everyone it's a largest continuous Empire to ever exist it was ruled by Kangas car and they had horses and bows they lived in tents and they actually that's about where it stops if you think about it we don't actually know that much about Mongols and so to get the better understanding of it we can read up about them and actually figure out where the Mongols came from what they did and where they win and then you can make a video about them but don't because that's what I'm doing so in today's episode we'll be covering the rise of the Mongols under Genghis how they grew as rapidly as they did it wouldn't actually meant in the grand scheme of things after that you'll have to wait until the next episode to figure out where it went the central steppes of Asia are an incredibly remote and desolate place sustaining a quite small population of hearty people that's how it is today it was even harder in the 12th century the land belonged to the nomadic Mongol and Turkic clans who were often in conflict with each other whether it was over scarce resources personal rivalries Wilson fabricated dispute encouraged by the clans powerful neighbors it was given their harsh environment and perpetuating Wars the clans of the steppe remained stuck while other parts of the world were transitioning through their high Middle Ages their Islamic golden ages and their chinesey ages however it would be approaching the 13th century the steppes climate changed it was warmer food was plentiful and on top of this China's political climate changed as being split between multiple dynasties they descended into their own power squabbles in this period of opportunity the boy Temujin was born a year 1162 he was the son of yesugay the ruler of a kamek mongol one of five tribal Confederations in the region when Temujin was only nine years old his father was poisoned by the rival Tatars so his father's Confederation to the power vacuum and Temujin was thrusts into the harsh nomadic reality that was Mongol life in his attempts to regain power he'd marry into a friendly tribe with his first wife bought a at age 16 she was quickly abducted by another rival tribe the markets and so Temujin turned to a tribal leader and blood brother of yesugay to rule calm Temujin alongside his own blood brother jamika were granted command of 20,000 warriors with them they stormed the market camp rescuing bought a and claiming an easy victory however with newfound power Temujin found rivals Temujin perhaps because if he struggled upbringing ranked his men not on their heritage but their merit and loyalty to him and intelligence continued campaigns against his enemies he would take conquered civilians under his protection building a force of loyal subjects this all clashed with Jammu cos traditional Mongol views and as the new methods proved effective he felt threatened by Temujin jamika would turn on Temujin and decisively defeat his army in 1180 770 of the captives were boiled alive Temujin would disappear for 10 years only seeming to return to prominence when he was recruited by the jin dynasty the jin sought to punish the Tartars and Temujin was recruited to command part of the attack and for his services was restored into a position of power with a new army rally together he would employ a new decimal system amongst his ranks giving him the proper military organization needed to gain the upper hand Tolu khan would join jamika to defend against imagens new force and jamika would be proclaimed the Gherkin universal ruler however Jammu cos universal rule was proclaimed a bit early because across ten engines campaign torille and jamika would be defeated and jamika was turned into Temujin by his own men Temujin would have those men put to death and offered jamika to join him once again jamika would respond there can only be one son and his request was to a noble death after jammu cos coalition fell Temujin would see to it the rest of the tribes were subdued or united by 1206 the once disparate and warring factions of the steppe have been united as one political and military force and Temujin was renamed and the genghis khan the actual universal ruler with the perpetually rivaled tribes united Genghis thought to spread his early Empire he had first conquer its former oppressors starting with the Western Shah the smallest of the three main Chinese dynasties the Mongols had for a long time rated the Charles frontier but under Genghis there would be mobilized as a rapid cavalry base army and swarmed the Empire forcing the Shia as a facile in only five years the neighboring Jin dynasty had blissfully ignored this conquest the Mongols were their tributaries after all subservient to the mighty Jin the Jin had long extracted tribute from and exercised punitive expeditions against the tribes and when they came to demand tribute again in 1211 they expected more at the same Ganga Salva would respond only by spitting on the ground and riding off in his horse just about the least verbal declaration of war you could manage for a war against the much largest dynasty the Mongols would mobilize a 90% of all their forces close to a hundred thousand men and holding a firm numbers advantage the hoards would meet the Great Wall and go around it and then meet the Jin forces however it would be in their earliest battle the Jin's biggest weakness was exploited their questionable loyalty the messengers that met with gangers to request is surrender actually decided that tell Ganga's where the jhen armies were positioned leading to a decisive massacre as the Mongol hordes pillaged their way through North China gang is made sure to spare those who could be useful to him siege warfare was an unknown to the Mongols but by capturing and recruiting Chinese engineers they could quickly learn the tactics of CG and better yet the well kept secrets of powder they put all they'd learn to the test when they besieged the capital of Beijing improving successful they forced the Jin to concede defeat the Jin would become the new tributary of their former tributaries in 1214 Genghis would then lead the majority of the armies back home as his loyal general je vais would do a bit of on the side conquering on the remnants of the old liao dynasty in the West the Mongol Empire had quickly grown and dominated its once powerful neighbors it established itself as the largest conglomerate of nomadic tribes and is one of the strongest Asian powers it was at this point gang is sought to build relations with nearby States sending his own voice and caravans far west to the Persian her as me an empire in 1218 while the envoy's offer trade and diplomacy word had swiftly spread of the Mongols conquest and brutality the Shah our add-in mohammed ii had no interest in relations with barbarians all 450 of genghis people were put to death and when news reached the khan he flew into a rage the wars the Mongols had fought had seen their fair share of bloodshed and cruelty but the campaign to going to Korres mia would be in a whole different scale a multi-pronged invasion over and the empire any resistance saw whole cities put to death not just the men but the women and children to the sharp would flee but was stopped literally dead in its tracks when he passed from illness and 12:20 his sons allow a beaming Bernie would now be left with the disaster he too would flee attempting to escape through Afghanistan while under pursuit he was able to rally 30,000 afghan warriors on top of his own forces and outnumbering his Mongol pursuers two to one was able to defeat the rookie general and escape offering the first major blow to the facade of Mongol and vulnerability the story quickly spread to cities in kaznia and all the way back to East Asia the Mongols had been defeated people began to rebel against Mongol conquest and so genghis knew he had to get yellow team his army made forced march in pursuit and met jellal's forces as he attempted to cross the Indus River refugees and troops were massacred as the Shia narrowly slipped away into India with the shotgun the Korres Mian Empire was defeated but genghis was left with rebellion across his empire the car made way with the main mongol force to quell the uprisings but his talented generals j-bay and su Bataille were ordered to raid west and they would reach as far west as the caucasus while on campaign against the rebellion jin genghis would fall from his horse tired and weak he died soon after at the age of 65 in 1227 the empire left in his wake stretched from the Pacific Ocean to the Caspian Sea and Generals from all over would United the mongol homeland to form a council to curl tie the empire was to be divvied out amongst kangas's four sons his eldest jockey was born shortly after bought a it napping so his legitimacy was questionable however the gang has treated him as a son regardless jockey was to inherit the West and most part of the Empire be given that he died before his father it was left to his son genghis his grandson butter Chag attire the second son was the biggest critic of jockeys legitimacy and was considered quite a hothead he was left with Central Asia as his domain the youngest Tolu inherited the traditional mongol heart lands while it would be the charismatic popular and named successor Agha died a third son who was declared the Great Khan the khan of khans the Mongol Emperor so while the Empire was split into several Carnot's all would answer to auger daikon at least that was the idea ah dude I would begin his reign by claiming vengeance on the traders Jim who on top of breaking their tributary status had moved further south to Chi Fang many defected or surrendered to the Mongol forces and the new capital had fallen by 1232 the Mongols claimed a total conquest of the Jim it would be from here on out look at I grew even more ambitious oh god I would continue his campaign through China bringing war to the Song Dynasty in southern China at the same time an invasion of Korea was ordered the construction of a permanent Mongol capital in Karakoram began and organized nephew battle would begin a full-scale invasion far west into the Kiev in ruse modern day Russia the Song Dynasty would be pushed back across the Yangtze but the Mongols struggled to hold much ground past the river leading to a firm stalemate between the two powers the invasion in Korea would see initial gains also come to a halt needing campaign after campaign to finally defeat the Goryeo in 1259 well past organized time-bar to would prove very successful in the West though the East labs were quickly defeated by the Mongol hordes and forced into submission but who pushed further out claiming victories over the kingdoms of the Caucasus Poland Austria Bulgaria and more the fragmented European kingdoms stood no chance against the Mongol advance knights and footman were not equipped to resist rapid Mongol horsemen and the cities were not prepared for the shock of gunpowder weaponry and the horror of Mongol brutality but who took a decisive victory against the kingdom of Hungary in 1241 and it became clear the rest of Europe lay at the mercy of Mongol dominance but then Agha died died with no clear air it was crucial all Khan's returned to the homeland to form a new curl tie sober – and his armies Road East Europe was spared the Mongol Empire found itself in the Regency of agonized wife Teranga for five years as genghis children and grandchildren came to an impasse the cracks in the empire began to show conquest was seeming to reach its natural limit in the fall of the Mongol Empire beckoned as it appeared you couldn't govern on horseback that's not to say the Empire was strictly chaotic alongside the wars and conquests there was a building of trade routes religious freedoms and meritocratic society under Genghis and his descendants the world began to become further connected than it had been in a long time the famous Silk Road began to be reopened by the Mongols and a link between East and West was born you can see more about the trade route and the cultures it connected in curiosity streams series the Silk Road the series itself contains over six hours of content and the curiosity stream hosts over 2,400 titles that's a virtually endless amount of documentaries covering history science nature technology society and more all of these titles can be streamed on demand right from the comfort of your computer phone or even Smart TV you can watch all that right now for free when you visit curiosity shreem comm slash feature history and get a 31 day trial so go have a look and surely something will piqued your curiosity welcome to the end of the video and for the few you that haven't clicked off yet rest assured the fall of the Mongol Empire isn't too far away but before that I actually will be launching a new new series four little short videos on the channel so that feature history may finally have consistent uploads what about fittings and inquiry while fitting we'll be getting a new episode before the years over and inquiry is pretty much getting dropped there's a bit more going on on top of all that but that's my little secret so for now bye bye

Is coding important when studying physics?



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Coding and computer science are important skills if you want to become a physicist or astronomer. They are often overlooked because sometimes their value is not obvious. I would recommend taking as many comp sci courses as possible to supplement your other learning.

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well this is a bit fancy I'm somewhere a bit different today my uni has a recording studio where they've recently set up that's free for students to use and so I thought I'd come in and try it out it's probably a bit too serious for the kind of casual video I filmed today but I think it might be good in the future I'm filming sort of educational or more scientific videos so let me know if you have any suggestions for the things I could film in here one thing I didn't expect to learn when I went to uni was computer science at that time I was only interested in theoretical physics and astronomy but in my first year I was enrolled in a computer science course because it was recommended for the astronomy major I sort of showed up having no idea what to expect I kind of thought we'd be doing learning about hardware on what Iran is how things actually work but I was sort of surprised with what we actually did learn which was a lot of variables and types and how do you make functions and how do you tell a computer how to do something for you I kind of had a love-hate relationship with this course I liked it because unlike all the other courses I was really learning something new especially the first year physics courses it almost felt like we were rehashing basic ideas that we learned in physics at school so we were doing mechanics or electricity and magnetism or a little bit of quantum and whilst they were harder than school it was sort of still the same ideas this computer science though that I was introduced to I'd really never learnt it before but actually there were also reasons I didn't enjoy this course in comparison to my other courses it was the only one where I really felt like I was behind all of my peers instead of aiming for the top of the class like I was trying doing my other courses I felt like I was struggling to keep up and I always had to ask for help and I sort of felt a bit uncomfortable with that at first when some of my friends were discussing coding projects they had done previously in various languages I was still thinking oh can you tell me again what is a function but I got over that it sort of got over myself and I did enjoy the course so much that eventually I took some more computer science courses and learnt things like algorithms or data structures and how to write a more effective code and I'm really glad I took some of those further courses so the first research project I ended up doing in my degree I was working at an observatory in Sydney and I was essentially processing images of galaxies to design a CubeSat satellite and also a telescope I found out that there wasn't really much astronomy knowledge needed to do this research project it was kind of an exercise in coding my supervisor Phyllis project actually had done his degree in computer science and then specialized in astronomy later on and I think that's kind of a good way to do it actually I think someone in astronomy with no computer science knowledge would actually really struggled because you'd have to teach yourself coding as you go and else you can probably do that it might not be as efficient as a few new some more of that background behind it as for physics it really depends on the kinds of things you want to specialize in theoretical projects that involve a lot of modeling or coding simulations I think coding is of course going to be a very important skill there and also for experimental work if you're often handling really large datasets you have to know to manipulate and keep track of that data often through coding it is possible to find projects within physics that don't use a lot of coding if you really want to stay away from it and personally my project now doesn't actually use much of that but it is really useful skill to have especially if you want to automate tasks on a computer and and make things easier for yourself I also think that a knowledge of coding or computer science is going to help you not just in research and with research projects but going out into industry and your employability later on a lot of physicists end up working and storing and manipulating data in roles such as a software engineer working for big companies so I think no matter what you want to do it would be a really good skill to supplement all of your physics or your maths or astronomy course work but courses I did were taught in the language Python and that's what I've used for all the research projects I've done as well but there are lots of other languages that are applicable to science and you might also encounter some other sort of coding software along the way for example are for statistics MATLAB for managing data and doing things with linear algebra and matrices and also Mathematica which is really good for solving equations you probably encounter some of these throughout your course work and therefore solving the more everyday problems learning how to use these tools is more about learning syntax and you can sort of get away with not knowing some of the more theoretical computer science aspects but it certainly it doesn't hurt if you're not yet at uni I really recommend you try and learn some basic coding skills there's lots of really awesome programs that run now whether it's in schools or outside schools where you can learn the basics of programming so that maybe when you get to uni you don't feel as bewildered as I festered I thought sort of think it's a skill you can pick up quite early on as well it doesn't require a lot of background knowledge to get started you don't need to have really good math skills or anything you can sort of learn the language from quite a young age I think and if you are already at uni maybe majoring in physics I would say to try and take as many computer science courses as you can alongside your studies I think they'll really help you especially if you don't already have sort of a self-taught prior knowledge in the field keep an open mind as well if you take maybe a couple of extra computer science courses along the way you might find you enjoy it more than what you're initially intended to major and that might be your new thing

24 mins Citi Heroes Series 10 "Saving Scientist"



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Poetry Critical Appreciation The Second Coming: W B YEATS, UGC/NET/JRF/MA/BA



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Poetry Critical Appreciation The Second Coming: W B YEATS, UGC/NET/JRF/MA/BA
It was written in 1919 and published later, predicting the returning of Christ, but not in human form but in the form of dangerous beastly figure to control, as the things have fallen apart and the centre cannot hold. The civilisation id breaking as a result of WORLD WAR.

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make sure you subscribe to a channel by clicking on the red subscribe button and tomorrow miss another lecture from Erica Heaphy by liking to get regular updates on English literature you hello and welcome to miracle English language and literature Institute I'm professor Abhay Sharma and today I'm going to do a very famous poem of William Butler Yeats the second coming in our poetry critical appreciation segment Yeats was a scene a contemporary of Eliot a Norden Auden wrote in memory of WB Yeats on his death as an unconventional elegy not this poem the second coming was written in 1919 and was published two years after and the initial title in the draft was second birth and later he changed it to the Second Coming it refers to the coming of Christ traditionally that is Christ will return to the earth as promised in the New Testament an unconventional theme is there in the poem which has alluded many readers because of its oblique references and ambiguous images now Yeats had lived through the tough times world war one he has written many poems in the shadow of World War one if you have read prayer for my daughter and then 1919 and many other poems are based on the same theme of war or an Irish revelation so here also he had seen unprecedented slaughter several Irish nationalists had been executed in the struggle for freedom so let's understand the poem first there are two stands us and let's take up the first stanza first turning and turning in the widening gyre the Falcon cannot hear the falconer Things Fall Apart the center cannot hold mer anarchy is loosed upon the world the blood-dimmed tide is loosed and everywhere the ceremony of innocence is drowned the best lack all conviction while the worst are full of passionate intensity the poet in these lines describes a nightmarish scene the image of a falcon flying out of the hands of its human master Falcon and falconer so Falcon is a bird hawk like bird and Falconer is the master so he takes the image from the medieval times when people would use Falcons or Hawks to track down animals at ground level now he says that this Falcon has gone out of the hands of his master it is lost it is out of control and now it is not going to come back so you can take this as the present situations which had gone out of the hand of man because of the wars so Anarchy chaos all was there in abundance so much that the center cannot hold things fall apart very beautiful phrases here which were used later on also by many poets dramatist play writers it's a trap so it is difficult to hold the center it has gone out of control me the cyclone of death and disaster is filed in the Geyer there is at the spiral movement of the wind or the smoke which carries away everything in its force and destroys it this word is very famous with the AIDS I mean it is his favorite word he had used it in sailing to Byzantium also so the center is going out of control things fall apart again very significant that the civilization is breaking very fast the devil evil has taken over the innocent spirits the good are dying under the terror of the body they have lost any faith in goodness this survival is in question where is the bad destructive powers are becoming powerful and I helping to destroy this present civilization now this is all in reference to the collapse of traditional social arrangement in Euro a kind of apocalypse is shown through these lines another significant phrase in these lines is the ceremony of innocence is drowned we all feel that good people are tortured more they have to face miseries and pains more than the people who are devilish were evil who have tried to govern this world through bloodshed and all evil activities and the good they suffer at the hands of the bad people a lot so he is in a way being very personal here because maybe he being a good moralistic man had to suffer a lot in his own life now let's take the second stanza surely some revelation is at hand surely the Second Coming is at hand the second coming hardly are those words out when a vast image of a spiritus Mundi troubles my sight somewhere in sands of the desert a shape with Lion body and the head of a man a gaze blank and pitiless as the Sun is moving it's slow thighs while all about it will shadows of the indignant desert Birds the darkness drops again but now I know that twenty centuries of stony sleep were vexed to nightmare by a rocking cradle and water of priests it's our come round at last slouches towards Bethlehem to be born so now the inevitable collapse of systems and society is predicted in these lines a big revelation something soon seems to be coming up it is seen in store the present conditions have aroused or instigated the storm now announcing the second coming in the new testament this phrase the second coming says that Christ will return to redeem the sins of man once again when this world will be full of mysteries of man Christ will be forced to walk in again on this earth but as he speaks this phrase the spirit of this world that is the spiritus mundi makes Yeats feel as if a monster has arisen from its sleep and had started coming towards them it is likes Phenix or the monster with it lion's body and a human face which is slowly advancing with the blank gaze and with no pity and the comparison is made to the Sun Patil son that means Sun also doesn't have pity on humans so similarly this monster is coming without any pity sympathy for the humans so these are quite disturbing thoughts indicating the collapse or total degeneration of civilization the darkness is here and soon the terror chaos world war all responsible to arouse this monster will witness the end of this world it's almost been 20 centuries or 2,000 years since Christ came to earth in human form and was crucified but now a rough beast will reveal itself these times are not for Christ in human form things have changed and this disastrous time cannot be controlled by any human spirit it needs a monster to wake us up from our 2000 years deep sleep it will rock us shake us from our deep slumber it has already started its journey towards Bethlem where it will be shown first the phrase slouches towards Bethlehem imparts the visual through words the biblical reference of Bethlehem when Christ was born there the poem ends with a question mark will this be so his mystical belief that history repeats itself in cycles is shown there it is very obvious with the images of a tire which is widening and moving apart from the point of origin losing control of the center maybe Yeats is trying to D Center Christianity the faith is lost the center cannot hold therefore the second coming will be from other deity some other religious philosophy so it is coming to fulfill the prophecy from the Biblical Book of Revelation it is the new Messiah coming either to redeem or to destroy it is ambiguous we can interpret in many ways and this forum can serve as the best modern text to evaluate the literary theories many of its most celebrated poems end with a question see from amongst culture the last line is how can we know the dancer from the dance and then from leader and thus when did she put on his knowledge with his far before the indifferent we could let her drop so in the second coming also he ends with the rhetorical question which really amounts to a prophecy that the Beast is on its way to Bethlehem the birth place of Christ to be born into this world he believed that the world was on the threshold of an apocalyptic revelation the poem is unwind with loose I am big pentameter and many of the phrases and lines from the poem I used in many works by the novelist by the TV episode makers by the dramatist for example Pacino achieved in his novel which was published in 1958 things fall apart the title has been borrowed from the phrase of this form and also LL sokka's autobiography his name is the center cannot hold which was published in 2007 then there is another essay titled slouching towards Bethlehem by Joan Didion's in 1968 and then Robert B Parkers 1983 novel the widening gyre so have my best to evaluate this for him which is very different ambiguous the images are also quite ambiguous they are not clear but then I think you must have liked my fault so please like comment share and subscribe the channel and take care until I come for the next point thank you you

Reasons vs Excuses – Jocko Willink and Echo Charles



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Fighting poverty with fish | DW Documentary



Mouhamed Mbaye lives in Germany, and wants to import fish from Senegal, where he was born. Freshly caught, sustainable, fair. His business would create new jobs – jobs the region urgently needs. But international competition is fierce.

A German wholesaler has expressed interest in Mouhamed Mbaye’s assortment of exotic fish. But meeting the hygiene regulations poses a tough challenge: The refrigerated supply chain has to stay uninterrupted for the entire journey. That’s not an easy feat in Senegal, where you can expect high temperatures year-round. Mouhamed Mbaye takes the trip to oversee preparations. If he can manage to get this import-export business running, he could ensure a steady income for himself and his workers. And the revenue it generates would strengthen the local economy. A report by Eva Beyer and Ralph Weihermann.

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his goal is to make the fish trade better fresher more sustainable fairer that's the concept behind Muhammad and by his business to buy pêche tomorrow the fish will be in Frankfurt and the day after that restaurant guests will be able to enjoy fish from two apesh but the international competition is fierce will the Senegalese fishermen be able to maintain his high standards Berlin shona baek-moo a mitten by his hands are empty as he visits one of his customers today business has been slow lately navigates yeah where have you been Mohamed I've been expecting you why haven't you been coming over in Berlin why didn't you bring any fish right I'm very sorry about that business has been difficult lately yeah everyone knows him as Momo today he brings bad news since he hasn't been receiving enough orders he will have to halt deliveries for the time being some some don't ah it's just not worth it we'd need orders of around 400 kilograms to make a profit but Momo won't give up hope sure he can get enough orders we're looking for more customers with higher orders but we'll manage be still oh yeah so from them just ya know I wish you all the best yeah thank you thank you man it is like we're always here if you have more fish okay murmurs partner Otis supports him wholeheartedly she assists him wherever she can and firmly believes in his business idea together the couple came up with a plan to win over major customers with a little luck they might soon reel in a really big fish Metro one of germany's largest grocery chains has expressed interest sibian board fr oh it's great to be in touch with a huge store like Metro on Graham magazine kondeh Metro both now we have to make sure we're well prepared in full concept paper but first Momo needs to prove that his product is up to par with the high standards Metro sets for hygiene they want evidence that the company in Senegal adheres to hygiene regulations and that all staff is trained regularly and they want to see what the hygiene standards are like everything being disinfected regularly how often is everything cleaned they want to see a schedule can we manage that well let's drop the plans first and then we'll know the bureaucracy alone is a huge challenge without you to support the flood of papers would be sheer unmanageable in day-to-day life beyond obscure bureaucratic formulations and Germany's obsession with certificates Momo is content living in Germany but even after 10 years he doesn't quite feel at home now Senegal not to listen agaves Milan Oh Senegal is still my home my mother and father my brothers and sisters everybody lives there I will always miss Senegal I wish I could visit every two or three months that's what we want and their wish does indeed come true much sooner than expected just a few weeks later Momo is on his way to Dakar Metro has placed a trial order they want to see the quality of his fish to make sure everything runs perfectly murmur wants to go there to support his brother Adama who manages the business in Senegal the next morning he's at the port of müber a small seaside town south of Dakar this is where the pirogue small traditional boats set out to catch fish for murmurs company tuba pêche today the boss himself is also on board a small shrimp is hooked as bait Momo's fishers don't use nets they stick to fishing lines it's more work to catch fish this way but it's also more sustainable and that's really important to Momo look why some fish a bit corny they hacker it's a continent line are better because they weren't squashed in the net what no pasaran Bombardier is 30 years old he's been working for tube apesh for three years it's finally given him a prospect in life I've already tried to go to Europe twice done day one and each time I failed I heard him alone then my father left me his per oak like someone I could be any now that I work for tuba pêche I've been able to afford an outboard engine and even by a second Perot another hologram with him Billy yeah live for business is going well by any move in the late afternoon the Fisher's return to port with a catch as soon as they reach dry land they have to hurry average temperatures here are around 40 degrees Celsius making it quite the challenge to maintain the cooling chain the fish isn't deep frozen but it needs to stay under 2 degrees to meet metros quality standards the first stop the fish make on their long trip to Germany is dakara ice this company was also impacted by the slow business for tube apesh the manager hopes things pick up for Momo soon – Mahesh is important to our business right now they make up a quarter of our fresh fish export just imagine losing 25% of your turnover that has major consequences well it starts with having to let go of workers here in Senegal losing your job causes huge problems I'm having to lay off multiple people has a deep impact on the community in Senegal almost half the population is unemployed young people in particular often set out for Europe in hope of a better future have a to buy persevere travail I want my business to give young people in Senegal a chance to work don't have to migrate to Europe and can stay and support their families Samir if Western African countries could manage to set up their own sustainable fishery they would be able to create up to 300,000 jobs but so far they mostly sell their fishing licences to the EU to China or to other countries with their huge trawlers and fishing nets these then quickly stifle smaller local competition unlike other colleagues in their field Fisher's working for tuba pêche don't need to worry about their future on average they earn about 20% more if they land the metro deal that security will stay at least for another few months right now the company supports about 20 families that's 20 families that don't need to worry about leaving Senegal the steady income that fishes like bomba can bring home to their families provide stability and opportunities severe jail explicate limit agility comment on our owner or not Angus I explained to them we've won a new client by sunset business growth they'll be able to grow with us Sara it trade guru you see her lashes bone you see a to grow just wonderful news for me for my parents and for my entire family we're going to do everything we can to make sure the business keeps running amok mi-jung that evening Momo brings home the remaining fish that couldn't be loaded onto the plane to Germany in time Momo sisters are proud of their brother the successful businessman ever since he found it to about pests the family has been much better off we used to lack so many things now we have everything enough food and electricity and if things go on like this we hope we can renovate our house next year we're so proud of Momo just like every visit saying goodbye is the hardest part but business comes first the first delivery went well but now Momo wants to oversee the second delivery being dispatched in Frankfurt it's 4:00 in the morning at metros fresh fish depot near Frankfurt Airport from here the goods are distributed throughout the country Vasile yeah Kimiko is the quality manager here only the best products pass his watchful eye it looks good and it smells just as good that's the most important this is the second box it's the same here it's no problem that some fish are bigger and some are smaller the quality is what matters and in this case it's good if Marcus I like it when the fish looks so fresh and lovely and doesn't cause any trouble and the customer always likes being served nice fresh fish right it is become order the first delivery from Senegal was a success some of a blizzard Brahma the work Lagoon I'm so glad it is pleased with the quality say the very first delivery made a good impression Ilan I'm going to make an effort to keep things that way Sue's OC on viral TV anchor for vessels being being fair they've passed the first hurdle Metro is happy with the quality of the fish from now on Momo is asked to deliver fresh fish to Frankfort twice a week in total up to one ton his expectations for tube apesh have become reality fishing can be sustainable and fair

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What does it feel like to invent math?



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An exploration of infinite sums, from convergent to divergent, including a brief introduction to the 2-adic metric, all themed on that cycle between discovery and …

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Bird Photography in Bulgaria: In June 2019 I was lucky enough to spend a few days in the beautiful Bulgarian countryside, photographing a variety of birds.

What is meaning? Semantics, semiotics, logic & the meaning of words — Linguistics & Logic 101



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Class -25 || RRB NTPC || Maths || by Abhinandan Sir || RRB JE PAPER DISCUSSION

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Scientist pinpoint mysterious space radio waves



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For story suggestions or custom animation requests, contact [email protected] Visit to view News Direct’s complete archive of 3D news animations.

RESTRICTIONS: Broadcast: NO USE JAPAN, NO USE TAIWAN Digital: NO USE JAPAN, NO USE TAIWAN
Australian scientists have for the first time pinpointed the precise location of a mysterious burst of radio waves that originated in another galaxy.

According to a release by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization or CSIRO, researchers in a world’s first have identified the exact location of a great one-off rupture of cosmic radio waves.

New Atlas reported that fast radio bursts are one of the most perplexing mysteries of the space age. So what in the galaxy are they and why haven’t their origins been located before?

Fast radio bursts, or FRBs, are millisecond-long signals which are known to repeat. However, most are single burst, making them extremely challenging to localize. They come from all corners of the universe and were discovered in 2007, with 85 of them since detected. Nobody has been able to understand where they’re coming from or what’s causing them, until now.

An Australian led team of astronomers have now located the galaxy from where one of these FRB waves originated, some 3.6 billion light-years away. The discovery was made using CSIRO’s new Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder, a radio telescope in Western Australia.

CSIRO lead author Keith Bannister said, “This is the big breakthrough that the field has been waiting for since astronomers discovered fast radio bursts in 2007.

So, how has this new technology allowed them to localize the radio signal?

The Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder is a design of multiple dish antennas. The burst had to travel a different distance to contact each dish, thus reaching them all at a somewhat different time, allowing for pinpoint accuracy.

Adam Deller of Swinburne University of Technology said, “From these tiny time differences — just a fraction of a billionth of a second — we identified the burst’s home galaxy and even its exact starting point, 13,000 light years out from the galaxy’s center in the galactic suburbs.”

The cause of the burst remains unknown.

RUNDOWN SHOWS:
1. A fast radio burst is emitted from deep space
2. Scientist try to identify the source
3. ASKAP antennas absorb radio wave information
4. ASKAP antennas identify the location of the burst

VOICEOVER (in English):

“According to a release by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization or CSIRO, researchers in a world’s first have identified the exact location of a great one-off rupture of cosmic radio waves.”

“Fast radio bursts, or FRBs, are millisecond-long signals which are known to repeat. However, most are single bursts, making them extremely challenging to localize. They come from all corners of the universe and were discovered in 2007, with 85 of them since detected. Nobody has been able to understand where they’re coming from or what’s causing them … until now.”

“An Australian led team of astronomers have now located the galaxy from where one of these FRB waves originated, some 3.6 billion light-years away. The discovery was made using CSIRO’s new Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder, a radio telescope in Western Australia.”

“The Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder is a design of multiple dish antennas. The burst had to travel a different distance to contact each dish, thus reaching them all at a somewhat different time, allowing for pinpoint accuracy.”

SOURCES: SOURCES: CSIRO, SCIENCE

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according to a release by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation or Cicero researchers in the world's first have identified the exact location of a great one-off rupture of cosmic radio waves fast radio bursts or FRBS are millisecond long signals which are known to repeat however most are single bursts making them extremely challenging to localize they come from all corners of the universe and were discovered in 2007 with 85 of them since detected nobody has been able to understand where they're coming from or what's causing them until now an Australian led team of astronomers have now located the galaxies from where one of these FRB waves originated some 3.6 billion light-years away the discovery was made using Cicero's new Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder a radio telescope in Western Australia the Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder is a design of multiple dish antennas the bursts had to travel a different distance to contact each dish thus reaching them all at a somewhat different time allowing for pinpoint accuracy you

Operation Orchard: The Mossad & Sayeret Matkal (documentary)



Operation Orchard (Hebrew: מבצע בוסתן‎, Mivtza bustan) was an Israeli airstrike on a suspected nuclear reactor in the Deir ez-Zor region of Syria, which occurred just after midnight (local time) on September 6, 2007. The Israeli and U.S. governments imposed virtually total news blackouts immediately after the raid that held for seven months.[6] The White House and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) subsequently confirmed that American intelligence had also indicated the site was a nuclear facility with a military purpose, though Syria denies this. A 2009 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) investigation reported evidence of uranium and graphite and concluded that the site bore features resembling an undeclared nuclear reactor. IAEA was initially unable to confirm or deny the nature of the site because, according to IAEA, Syria failed to provide necessary cooperation with the IAEA investigation. Syria has disputed these claims. Nearly five years later, in April 2011, the IAEA officially confirmed that the site was a nuclear reactor.

Mossad (Hebrew: הַמוֹסָד‎, IPA: [ha moˈsad]; Arabic: الموساد‎, al-Mōsād; literally meaning “the Institute”), short for HaMossad leModiʿin uleTafkidim Meyuḥadim (Hebrew: המוסד למודיעין ולתפקידים מיוחדים‎, meaning “Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations”; Arabic: الموساد للاستخبارات والمهام الخاصة‎ al-Mōsād lil-Istikhbārāt wal-Mahāmm al-Khāṣṣah), is the national intelligence agency of Israel. It is one of the main entities in the Israeli Intelligence Community, along with Aman (military intelligence) and Shin Bet (internal security).

Sayeret Matkal (Hebrew: סיירת מטכ”ל‎, General Staff Reconnaissance Unit) is a special forces unit of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). First and foremost a field intelligence-gathering unit, conducting deep reconnaissance behind enemy lines to obtain strategic intelligence, Sayeret Matkal is also tasked with counter-terrorism and hostage rescue beyond Israel’s borders. The unit is modeled after the British Army’s Special Air Service, taking the unit’s motto “Who Dares Wins”. It is directly subordinate to the IDF’s Directorate of Military Intelligence.

North Korea 2004 deep inside this secretive communist state a train travels through a remote northern town then suddenly in April of 2004 there was a massive train explosion in northern North Korea the explosion is so enormous it registers a magnitude 3.6 equivalent to a small earthquake it killed several hundred people destroyed a town of 10,000 people left 2,000 people wounded according to the North Korean government the train was carrying liquefied petroleum but before anyone can discover anything more the regime forbids further reporting on the incident a week later they banned all use of cell phones in North Korea for five years just what is going on in the rogue nuclear State 5,000 miles away one nation is following the incident with great interest mayor Duggan is Israel's top spy the chief of the Israeli intelligence agency Mossad Navigon was a legendary figure in the Israeli security establishment he had a reputation for being very brutal and what he was prepared to do in pursuit of israel's national security interest north korea behaving secretly is nothing new but what intrigues dogon our intelligence reports that a Syrian aircraft has now landed in North Korea contact between North Korea and the Arab world is unusual and highly concerning to Israel and that was when these really started to take a closer interest in what was going on the plane is supposed to be delivering aid but instead it seems it is being loaded with the bodies of victims of the crash and the bodies are being transported in lead-lined coffins and are carried by men wearing chemical weapon suits this is extremely strange then Dugan is informed that the bodies in the lead coffins are not North Koreans but Syrian scientists there were 12 Syrian scientists from something called the Syrian scientific research center their covert military research and acquisition center it raises a terrifying possibility for – God could North Korea be helping Syria to build a nuclear weapon daguan has to find out more it becomes a top priority for Mossad and will eventually lead to one of the most extraordinary black ops of all time two years later a woman walks into a London hotel bar her arrival is noticed by a man who's been drinking alone but this is no innocent meeting the man is a high-ranking Syrian nuclear official travelling to London alone he comes to London resigning in a posh hotel he has a meeting tomorrow morning in in London but he has the night of the evening to spend he goes to the bar of the hotel and extremely happy that in the bar he meets a woman with a wonderful character but what the Sirian doesn't know is that he is under surveillance Mossad had been alerted to the Syrians visit when he checked into a hotel under a false name the Israelis dispatched teams of people to monitor him unaware he is being watched the Syrian continues to flirt with a woman and she's also pressed by him oh there's another drink and another drink and he's confident that he has a wonderful way of spending the night but he is also unaware that the woman is not as she seems he doesn't know that this woman is a part of the Mossad crew and she was there to keep him busy while her team is breaking into his hotel room the Mossad agents are members of the nefud unit experts in covert bugging the team specialized in breaking into hotel rooms it takes just seconds for the Navia team to override the hotel room security once inside they realize they have hit the jackpot the Syrian official has left his laptop completely unguarded immediately they go to work the Mossad was able to break in get its hands on the laptop computer and copy its contents off the hard drive the agents transfer the entire contents of a computer hard drive from Assad HQ in Tel Aviv instantaneously they took all the information from the computer and then they put devices on the computer to monitor any future activity from that computer as they leave the room the female Mossad agent abandons the unsuspecting Syrian [Applause] within 15 minutes daguan and his analysts are looking at the files in Tel Aviv what they found on his computer was really rather extraordinary on one folder they found JPEGs that look very old appearing on the screens in front of to God are hundreds of photos documenting the construction of a large industrial facility it was clear that this is an unknown facility a huge one the building they saw was quite large a hundred and thirty feet by a hundred and thirty feet by 70 feet tall initially the building resembles a tree house on stilts with pipes leading to a pumping station later photos show modifications and eventually the entire complex is hidden beneath a huge roof initially Dagon is unsure of what the facility might be but then it begins to dawn on him what the images are showing he sees large industrial equipment inside the facility it is an exact replica of something too gan has seen before in intelligence images from North Korea they showed that it was almost an exact replica of the Jung Byung nuclear weapons facility in North Korea it was exactly the same reactor the two were perfectly matched dougen has no doubt as to what they have uncovered the evidence was overwhelming North Korea was building a nuclear reactor in Syria the potential for a nuclear weapons program in Syria is a direct threat to Israel's national security and one that would have to be neutralized in need 2006 analysts for the Israeli intelligence agency Mossad have uncovered information indicating that Syria with the help of North Korea is in the process of developing a nuclear weapons program for their evidence from the confiscated laptop of a Syrian nuclear official confirms their greatest fear there were blueprints of the nuclear power plant there were pictures of the nuclear power plant the Israelis even had photographs of Syrians and North Korean nuclear experts together it is Israel's nightmare scenario a hostile nuclear power on its own doorstep whoever is building this has only one purpose to build to assemble a nuclear bomb juergen is now certain there is a nuclear weapons program in Syria but he has no idea where it is intent on finding out he orders Israeli satellites to monitor potential sites eventually they close in on a remote area of Syria called Al Khobar where some highly unusual communications have been monitored they intercepted a very unusual spike of telephone communications from this location at Al Khobar which is in the middle of nowhere in the desert to Pyongyang North Korea it was very far from the capital Damascus it was in a remote part of northeastern Syria but not far from the Euphrates River in the border with Iraq Israeli satellites now pinpoint a large building at anchor bar when they compared them with the stolen images from the Syrian laptop it is a perfect match alka bar has to be the site of Syria's nuclear weapons program armed with the intel on the syrian facility daguan goes to see the israeli prime minister a hood Olmert manda GaN came to see Prime Minister Olmert and told him this dramatic news that Syria is an advanced stage of developing nuclear weapon the Israeli prime minister immediately recognizes the seriousness of the threat Albert said one thing right at the start and that was the Syrian nuclear weapons program is simply intolerable for Israel it cannot be permitted this is an existential threat to Israel this reactor has to go away the only way to be rid of the nuclear weapons program is to blow up the reactor but first he has a series of questions for two God most importantly how far it best is the reactor if it is already operational then a bombing could cause a catastrophe if the reactor is already active then full destruction of the reactor might cause an enormous environmental pollution poisoning but the gun doesn't know yet if the reactor is fully operational the jpgs we're 15 months old so this facility must be more advanced they desperately need to find out how advanced the construction is that means doing something extremely risky sending someone in to take a look the next step would have to be risking the lives of operatives Oh Mart has only one group of men capable of operating undetected hundreds of miles within enemy territory so he calls upon Israel's elite black ops unit in English they are known as the unit in Hebrew they are thus I are at met cow say vodka is the highest elite commando unit of the Israeli army Sarat McCullen Israel is nothing short of legendary or mythical it's essentially the top unit in the army their job is to go on special operations that are considered beyond the scope of your regular troops it's a unit model after the British SAS SEAL Teams are similar to Delta Force is similar to her they're some of the most highly trained units in the world thus I are at McCall has one particular special operating covertly behind enemy lines the expertise of theoretical is to infiltrate enemy countries in silent intelligence gathering operations they've gone into Jordan they've gone in a Lebanon they've done missions in and out of these countries undetected while never officially confirmed it is believed that on an overcast summer night the selected commandos prepared to set out on their mission they have deep behind enemy lines to confirm the existence of the Syrian nuclear weapons program the Israelis have been very secretive about how they got there but certainly they are very adept at using low-flying almost silent helicopters it is understood they boarded two Sikorsky ch-53 sea stallion helicopters to travel at low altitude and cross the border into Syria the commandos who dropped to safe distance from the facility Israelis were able to get on the ground within about a mile of this mystery building in northeastern Syria as the commandos set off they know that no matter what the Syrians must not be alerted to their presence once the helicopters are gone if the Syrians discover them there is no chance of being rescued but that was an extremely risky Intel gathering mission if there is a mistake made and they are compromised that could have been war the siren that Cal commandos come within feet of the alcove our facility and immediately start intelligence gathering the unit did the Intel collection on the ground rate at the site that was extremely dangerous collecting soil and water samples from around the facility is the most important element of the mission it is the only way Israel can find out for sure if the reactor is operational if the reactor is active then a very small portion not lethal but very very small portion of radioactive substance would be found in the water once the Intel collection is complete the commandos hide their tracks and prepare to depart but that they were almost caught they left the scene in the very last minute the commandos remain undetected and with the mission complete they return to Israel with the soil and water samples the results of those samples will soon set into motion a series of even more dangerous covert missions into soup

Advice for First-Time Documentary Filmmakers



Q&A panel gives advice for first-time documentary filmmakers.

Kimberly Browning, producer at Hollywood Shorts, recommends getting an experienced filmmaker to work with you. Surround yourself with people who are willing to tell us the truth.

Jorge Hinojosa, director the documentary film “Iceberg Slim: Portrait of a Pimp,” recommends patience. Also, don’t assume that your ideas aren’t as vaild as supposed experts’ opinions.

Angela Northington from REVOLT TV recommends proper planning and budgeting for post-production all the way through to delivery of the finished film.

Michele Barnwell, executive producer/showrunner at Reel Roost, Inc., says don’t be afraid to ask questions.

Part of the International Documentary Association’s Doc U seminar series. Shot and edited by Viva Videography.

African Photo Safari: Must Have Safari Camera Gear Support, Bean Bags, w/ Sigma 150-600 Sports lens



Views:24540|Rating:4.73|View Time:18:46Minutes|Likes:155|Dislikes:9
Go on safari and have the best in camera support while on a safari vehicle. Don’t be left with blurry and soft images on a trip of a life time. We cover several methods of mounting your camera and lens on a safari jeep. www.idubephotosafaris.com

See our blog post about this topic.

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Katana Jr Gimbal call 505-345-6322
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www.idubephotosafaris.com What I use for editing my photos

hey guys it's Kevin for my doobie photo safaris the image hunter we're in between safaris right now we just got back from the Oklahoma Delta in a few days we're heading up to northern South Africa draw a toccata River Kappa let's talk a little bit today on camera support while on safari there are some big things to take into consideration especially your mode of transport when you're getting into and out of your safari area if you're going to be flying in on a small bush plane there's weight restrictions you have to take into consideration such as an example most times on a bush plane into Safari areas you're only allowed 22 kgs of weight including your camera gear and your personal gear therefore you have to look at your camera support system a little differently than you do if you're driving into a camp and there are no weight restrictions where you can take in as much gear as you like we run into the same situation on our Alaskan bear safaris our float planes and bush planes in Alaska also limit us on our gear restriction the type of camera gear that you're going to use in your Safari will make a difference on how you're going to support your camera gear in the Safari vehicle if you're using a smaller lens such as the scan of 28 to 300 or the 70 to 200 or even the 100 to 400 you'll be in more situations where you can and hold your gear however early in the morning and late in the evening even when you push your ISO up on your camera you're still going to be using slower shutter speeds what you're going to want some sort of camera support normally on a fly-in safari you're not going to be taking the real big glass as an example this Canon 600 is probably too big to take with you on a flying Safari it's a great lens when you're driving to your safari location but it weighs a lot one lens that I do use a lot on fly-in safaris is the Sigma 150 to 600 it's a relatively small lens and a lightweight lens for a 600 millimeter reach really ideal however early morning late evening you're going to want to support this camera with this lens because it's going to be too shaky when it starts getting dark and you're using those long shutter speeds this is an apex beanbag this is an ideal answer to a flying safari when you fly in the bean bag is empty it's lightweight you get a catch your gimbal head right to the top I normally use rice beans or sand to fill this bean bag up once I've gotten to the lodge hey guys so right now we've got the apex bean bag this is actually mine been used quite a bit so it's a little rugged looking for the wear I happen to use rice for these bags and I use rice for a couple of reasons for one thing it's easy to come I can stop in a grocery store on the way to the safari camp to pick it up the other nice thing about rice is once you're done with it you can leave it at the camp and the staff will really appreciate the fact that they've got that rice and they'll actually use it eat it once you've left this particular bag usually takes around 12 kgs I've got one bag here as you can see this is 10 kgs so it'll take this full bag it'll take just about a quarter or so of another bag or naan this it's kind of a slow process I'll pour it out in here now the good thing is if you spill out different monkeys love this stuff as you can see this thing takes a lot of rice you go ahead and push my hand down inside the bag and just compact I'm going to push it down and really push it in there so it's very compounded if you don't do this you're going to have problems later and you're going to wish you had because it'll get real sloppy on the vehicle you know if you're actually on the fly in Safari and you want to use your bag you want to call ahead and ask them to have lights there at the lodge for you you're not going to be able to fly into that lodge from winter rice so let then have the rice there for you they may charge you to lecture for that rice but they'll have it ready for you some good advice when do you send fill that sand into ziplock baggies or some other type of plastic bag so the sand does not get into the zippers on the bean bag when you use the apex bean bag you're going to take your gimbal head attach it right directly to the bean bag then it fits over your armrest and it catches fairly securely they can be a little bit wobbly but overall they work pretty well pro media gear is some of the best gear out there it's precision made made in America lightweight sealed ball bearings stands up and whether it's an outstanding piece of gear this is my gimbal of choice on a fly in Safari and this is my gimbal of choice on a drive in Safari I do have a carbon fiber gimbal head which actually ends up weighing more than this katana junior 2.5 pounds outstanding piece of gear the skimble head will attach to your apex beanbag your monopod your tripod whatever you want to attach it to stunning piece of equipment this is a really right stuff monopod weighs about a pound and a half actually even a little less than a pound and a half and using this really right stuff monopod remember you need an up scaling tripod screw the one that comes on the monopod is smaller and it will not fit into the majority of the gimbal and ball heads so don't forget to get that and put it on there otherwise when you get on an Safari you're not going to be able to fit your gimbal head to this monopod always remember to check that one of my favorite really lightweight ways to support your camera Darrell on safari is the really right stuff safari rig comes in basically two pieces it's the actual clamp itself and the little ball that the clamp goes on to this screws into your monopod the safari rig fits onto here by opening it up one of the things I love about really rite stuff the quality is just stunning fits on closes up and you have this clamp that will clamp on to in most cases the roll bar that just comes down in the vehicle this is a relatively sturdy unit however I don't recommend using this again without keeping one hand on your camera or the monopod while you're moving in the vehicle your gimbal head will fit right on top of this just like this I love tripods however it's really difficult to use a tripod on a safari vehicle they rattle around you can't really keep them still when you're shooting on them and they take up a lot of space you need something in your vehicle that is going to literally clamp down to a roll bar or an armrest to keep things steady and still this is known as a super clamp I have seen people use these super clamps they basically just clamp them on to the roll bar and put your camera on top I've tried them I've had very bad luck with them breaking they just do not hold up in my opinion to the vigorous use bumpy roads and heavy gear on a safari vehicle so I personally do not use super clamps to hold my gear on a safari vehicle will continue on with this learning session well on a safari vehicle and I'll show you how these different types of gear support that I've been explaining to you work under the various types of Safari vehicles and different scenarios this is our safari arm in my opinion is the best and most productive way to support your camera gear while on safari as a supply operator I offer a combination of safari arms and beanbags to my Safari clients you want to check with your Safari operator and see if they do offer you any sort of camera support that will be available for you when you arrive to start your Safari here's what one of our safari guests had to say about our safari arm set up on our vehicles this is really very cool and it's articulated in so many different planes that you can pretty much get any shot that you want and it will still hold the camera steady so it's quite a quite an effective tool for holding only the camera steady so you can get the angle or the setting that you want and not have to worry about camera shake and things like that quite quite a piece of engineering this is our lightweight version of the Safari arm another type of camera support that we often use so one of the methods of supporting your gear when you're out on a safari vehicle is actually hand holding your camera this is pretty easy to do if you've got a smaller lens maybe at 70 to 200 possibly a 100 to 400 during ideal lighting conditions however early in the morning late in the evening it can get a little bit more difficult to handhold here now if you're using 600 millimeter or something like this sigma 150 to 600 that's a lot more difficult not only do you experience a lot of fatigue in your hands your arms and your back but it's just really difficult to hold it still enough to get sharp images gonna show you a few techniques that I've learned over the years to help you handhold camera roll on Safari first of all you want to really watch your posture make sure that you're sitting up straight and that's your back is straight you want to tuck your elbows into your body so that you've got a good firm structure to hold your lens in camera you want to watch your breathing breathe in breathe out but a lot of photographers will actually hold their breath when they take the image just to make sure that the breathing is not moving your camera up and down so you've got your arms tucked in you've got a good firm hold your hand is going to be placed underneath the camera body so it's not to interfere with the focusing mechanism on your lens you're going to bring up compose your image and importantly you're going to roll your finger over that shutter release if you just press hard in that shadow release most likely you're going to jerk the camera so if you roll your finger rolling over gently over that shutter release you're less likely to move your camera while taking the image so once again elbows tucked tight against the body breathe in compose your image roll your finger over the shutter and release with this big of a lens I am already feeling some fatigue in my back and in my arms so I would really recommend that you do have an additional camera support for a lenses that are going to cause you to experience any sort of fatigue or again early in the morning late in the evening when your shutter speeds are going to slow down to a speed that is actually slower than the maximum focal length on your lens 400 millimeter lens for north of a second or more necessary 600 millimeter lens six hundredths of a second or faster to be able to handhold without getting any camera shake in that way yes the image stabilizers do help some people are saying one possibly two stops so that is an additional asset however I still try to go by that rule of thumb can now use a shutter speed slower than the maximum focal length on my lens there are a lot of photographers will use a monopod on a safari view as you can see I've got a really right stuff monopod here and a pro media gimbal head attached to this mono body I love these Pro Media gimbal heads especially the Catania junior which is light enough you can take it with you pretty much anywhere you go no matter what those weight restrictions are this will travel along because it's a lightweight but super heavy-duty gimbal head with the monopod and open it up to the height basically is going to put your camera at eye level so if you bring your knees together you can brace the monopod in between your legs to help sturdy you still want to use in addition to the monopod all of the body techniques I've shown you good posture locking those elbows into your body and keeping your hands firmly on the lens and the camera body to support everything it's still going to be somewhat wobbly however it's better than nothing yeah once you place your camera up on top it's also going to add a bit of weight to keep it from moving back so in addition to using the monopod and keeping it sturdy in between your legs there are a few other methods that you can use to sturdy your monopod on a safari vehicle so Jeff what do you think about this particular setup this is the monopod with the really right stuff clamp and in a pinch it works pretty good it just doesn't give you the mobility that these other units do no but it feels very stable so it doesn't have the same quite the same mobility but it sure does add a lot of stability to the shot so be able to take get catch some of the shots you might not have enough light to do handheld if you prefer to have two cameras with different lenses on your camera support you can use a double gimble head these are great for keeping long range and mid-range telephoto lenses side-by-side and ready for action let's take a look at a recent situation while on safari in South Africa heavy winds late afternoon partial Sun rain clouds and a rainbow all this equals a perfect situation for a good camera support system trying to handhold your camera in a situation like this is bound to lead to disappointment it's possible but very difficult a good camera support system will allow you the opportunity to concentrate on your images and get the great photography you're there to get

FITNESS DOCUMENTARY: I Want Abs By Sergei Boutenko (full movie)



Is it hard to lose weight, tone the body, build muscle, and get in shape? I had no idea, so I decided to investigate this in a film. After looking at countless before and after photos on the web, I became curious to see if I too could achieve my dream fitness goals by following a no-gimmick exercise and diet protocol. At age 30, I noticed my metabolism slowing down, my weight increasing, and the temptation to get caught in life’s bad habits (eating out, drinking, and living a sedentary lifestyle) intensifying. Instead of yielding to these pressures, I hired a film crew and decided to use myself as a guinea pig in a fitness experiment. Over the months that followed I learned how to exercise in a safe, effective, functional fashion, rediscovered the joys of healthy home-cooked meals, and achieved some note-worthy results (lost weight, burned fat, gained muscle, and got a six-pack). With my new film titled: “I Want Abs,” I want to share my findings with the world and inspire others to follow in my footsteps. If you’re someone who wants to get in shape but don’t know how to do it, I Want Abs is for you!

Want to know the exact details of my diet and exercise plans? Get my eBooks.

My fitness and meal plan eBooks are available here:

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30-Day Green Smoothie Challenge eBook:

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#Fitness #Documentary #BoutenkoFilms

you it's February 26th this is my movie I want abs this is the start of the movie and I'm walking over to a friend photographer who's gonna be taking my before picture I'm going through all sorts of emotions at the moment I'm nervous I'm excited I'm not totally stoked to be taking most of my clothes off and getting a professional photographer to shoot me but I know that it's necessary after this that's it I'm gonna start exercising following the protocol eating right doing everything I need to do to get rock-hard abs and so that is exciting for me because like many people I've been putting off fitness and procrastinating and I'm tired of procrastinating so I'm doing something about it but I'm still kind of nervous it'll be good though I mean what do I have to be nervous of if I don't have a six-pack at the end of this there there will be no movie no pressure right my name is Sergei and I grew up in an extremely health-conscious family my Russian parents didn't much care for conforming to society which made for an interesting childhood for the bulk of my youth I eat nothing but raw vegan food slept on a wooden plank instead of a mattress took polar plunges in frozen lakes and hiked across America while foraging for wild edibles those were some exciting times that vastly expanded my worldview and helped me shape some core beliefs about the importance of being healthy and fit never in a million years did I ever think that I would have to worry about being chubby but I was wrong despite living what I considered a healthy active lifestyle I started getting fat at age 30 life stress relaxed eating choices and a slowing metabolism appeared to be the perfect weight gaining recipe seeing my reflection in the mirror was becoming increasingly more painful as it depicted a dude with a protruding gut flabby love handles and a double chin getting on a scale was equally unpleasant as it produced a figure skirting around the 200-pound mark 187 more disturbing still was the mental process caused by gaining weight putting on the pounds was crushing my self-esteem stealing my happiness and making my general attitude towards life shitty I was stuck in a vicious cycle feeling heavy killed any motivation I had to work out and the lack of exercise added more weight stress and burden to my life I observed my friends who were in their 40s and 50s and noticed that many of them had weight issues through friendly conversations I learned that working out at 40 or 50 was even more cumbersome than it was at 30 for me these observations ultimately led me to an epiphany at no point in time will it be easier to get in shape than now every year that I wait to make a change will make it exponentially harder to lose the weight and achieve my fitness goals shortly after this realization I was cruising around on the internet and I typed before and after fitness photos into a search bar right out the gate I was struck by how profound some people's transformations were not only did their bodies look more toned and muscular but their eyes seemed brighter their posture straighter and their smiles wider I caught myself on the thought that the people and the after photos look generally younger and happier than their old selves I was also taken aback at how inspirational a simple photo can be just by looking at an image an image that was free of words I felt a strong drive to start exercising and changed my ways those photos lit a fire under my ass and gave me the motivation I needed to say enough is enough and tackle my personal fitness goals once and for all I craved hardcore stamina I desired a v-shaped torso a strong core muscular arms and solid legs I wanted ABS I desperately wanted ABS I vowed then in there that I would find a way to get them I was pumped and ready to go the only trouble was I didn't know where I was going or how I was gonna get there intent on using myself as a lab rat in my own fitness experiment I hired a film crew and started making this documentary my name's Jared Cruz I'm a professional photographer and I'll be taking the before and after photos for surveys documentary I want ABS yeah that's great lineup out there maybe just two this way just a bit cool looking good cool so I guess I should get into the monkey soon yep bring it on alright how'd it go that's it I'm just creating a lot of blackmail material right now aren't they alright knowing full well how easy it be to lie to myself about my progress I thought it'd be a good idea to snap a few before photos to keep myself accountable and on track in addition to accountability I hope that those unflattering photos would also give me motivation to continue training should I ever find myself in a workout low after thoroughly measuring my entire body I paid my personal trainer a visit and had him conduct a body composition test in order to figure out my weight and total body fat percentage what is a body cop a body comp is just your percentage body fat I like all of my clients to be between 10 and 20% body fat to give you an idea the typical American is 37 percent that's horrific that's horrible less than 8% of Americans are under 20% you want to be 10 to 20% body fat that's where often will help us achieve how I achieve a body comp is a caliper test I'll take five measurements and then I have a little chart that gives me your age and I can extrapolate and figure out within one percentage point of what your body comp is I like using body comp because it's very accurate I've done thousands of them a lot of people use body mass index or BMI which is only accurate in about 50% of the people 22% by that I like not all my clients between 10 and 20% okay I think the great goal or the next 12 weeks is to get you to 12% so I want to lose about 10% of your body fat what your actual physical weight or should we do a weigh-in let's do we're doing yeah my scale might have not been as well let's use this scale right over here so it looks like we got 188 yeah I've actually gained a pound since we talked about dietary intake that's real important the 188 these are just biomarkers that we're gonna use from now is it hard to get out yes it is very hard to get abs it's it's a lifestyle change for most people their genetics played a part of it but for most people if you really want that six-pack abs it's a lifestyle change so it's going to be nutrition is huge activity obviously is huge but nutrition is probably the biggest component and then outside that's also taking care of yourself through exercise and proper rest to maintain a good hormone balance as well I think anybody can get so long as they have the metabolic base necessary to do so one thing that I find with the clients I work with is it a great deal of people particularly women and many men are metabolically compromised from things like persistent dieting eating the wrong foods they've become very insensitive to insulin so I think the easy answer is that yes it's difficult to get out getting abs is incredibly easy if you have the right program design I specialize in functional training where you utilize multiple muscle groups in the three dimensional fashion you want to alter the pattern basically you have a lot of people that just do one exercise they do crunches or as an example you want to do a lot of different exercises you want to be consistent in your program design you want to have a program that works everything and brings balance to the system also abs are made in the kitchen – it's your dietary intake you can have titanium abs and if you're 28% body fat you're not going to have that cut look so you want to get down if your man around 10% woman the 12 to 15% body comp is really critical to actually see those abs and I think that's what a lot of people don't get having a good functional training program that lasts about 50 minutes three or four times a week and you will get titanium abs if you are consistent with your program and you have the right dietary intake that's critical guaranteed 100% it's March 6th I'm rolling over to my first training session with John hacker I'm hoping that he's gonna kick my butt today and I'm really excited about this I can't wait to start working out as you can see I'm growing out a beard I have a six o'clock shadow going on and I have decided that for the entire 12 weeks of this project I'm gonna be growing my beard to show time so hopefully by the end of the twelve weeks I'll have rock-hard abs as well as a big beard to prove that I did this and that I'm real twist take this fall down rig down Center the neck Center the ball like this put your hands up straight hips up and you're gonna rotate the ball on your shoulders that's it again 15 to 20 fantastic the closer you put your feet together the mortality is gonna be good job going into this project I was well aware that it would be difficult to get a six-pack every person that I interviewed told me pretty much the same thing there are no shortcuts or quick fixes if you want abs you have to put in the time and effort after discussing my goals with my personal trainer he helped me devise a three-month program to help me get the results I was after over the course of the next 12 weeks I would be engaging in various functional fitness workouts three to five times per week for about 15 minutes per session I specifically chose functional fitness as my workout method because I wanted to get fit in a way that would help me move through life with more ease and not just enable me to lift heavy weights at the gym actually in my house and my lower abs yeah that's what we want to hit a little belly button right hand it's a really hard area to hit this exercise is an exercise that will get that it's amazing but it's you're not really doing all that much minutes you're doing a lot I can tell that people like the other places where I work that just do crunches all the time and is the worst thing you can do they'll be really strung up here and then they'll just Boop they'll be really weak below the ABS again you want to have balance to the system you want to attack everything so I mean you just brought a really good point because while the movie is called I want abs it's not just about the ABS I don't want to have a rock-hard six pack and then weak dysfunctional everything else absolutely yes absolutely absolutely largely the best training program is one taxi reader areas you want to bring balance to the whole system and that's what this whole project is all about bringing balance to the system any training program should be like that you want to attack your weak areas you want to just be really strong and fit and help well that's what most people want so doing this is going to give me all around like health and wellness health and wellness but also a proportionate ripped yeah that's a side effect as a site you are powerful beyond measure I think you just got me ready put your palm down never hear his eyes and look at this leg out 15 times while staying in the ball two three control the slower four five six they go to kid the last one so I just completed my first workout session with John and I gotta say even though I didn't do anything too crazy I am worked apparently my entire core is weak and it needs a lot of work so I'm gonna continue on this path and hopefully like he says get titanium abs in addition to my workouts with John I felt like I needed a little bit of supplementary help in order to reach my fitness goals I hired a second personal trainer who specialized in kettlebell training unlike a traditional dumbbell a kettlebell is engineered so that its weight is off centered because of this off-centered design a kettlebell recruits more stabilizing muscles and works your body more like a concentration camp than a piece of gym equipment thus kettlebell training is considered by many as the ultimate form of functional fitness feels so good Nick was just saying this when you get a heavier kettlebell you can use more of the way to kind of balance yourself on a pistol and so that actually makes the movement is slightly easier so for this exercise the lighter the weight the more difficult than it is we do the all move it okay one that straight up and straight down to its core corkscrew down corkscrew up if I'm doing an alternating movement what up what's the have one to the stay where it is okay so getting that full hip Hinch so you know how when you watch their game do histamine in the Sanchez he's almost kind of straight up and down a lot of it all right you're gonna do a lot of the same thing okay so you really still absorb the hips are still able to connect and deflect a little bit all right it's just that kind of soft soft remove it there all right corkscrew down corkscrew up so right we can come up catch it it's going to be you know go down right hand I just finished a kettlebell workout which I do because it helps me build muscle and it's also really good cardio this is gonna be burning that extra fat off my body today was a fundamentals class where we really get to do all the movements and and learn how to do it right and learn how to do it safe and it was amazing because today I was kind of in a funk I was sort of tired of the diet and you know just kind of hit a low point and doing something active has once again lifted my mood and I feel all-around happy and well and energized so if anything else the kettlebell workout was good for them so when I want you to I'm gonna xxx you're gonna catch it do a half squat and then throw it back alright ready good that's what yeah good whoo good eye on the ball good job I had a ball excellent that's adults we don't really play catch very much this is great for hand-eye coordination balance and reaction time good man yeah I'm falling off yet most people have fallen off by this time bring your hips in a little bit stay in the linemen bring the right foot over a little bit more with them there you go feeling that in the trunk and the core yeah 15 to 20 each side remember the body will want to cheat don't let the body cheat man yeah this is fun man these will give you titanium obliques this will take care of the muffin tops it does it does you're better off to do 15 in good good form then 25 not so much bye keep going 6 feeling it 7 8 we're gonna go 12 9 10 yeah 2 more 11 last one now flip around feet that way ha ha your thermal regulating now watch out for the muscle ball right there 1 good 2 3 oh all right rest that's good there's a little fact-finder's first time we've done this we have muscle failure muscle failure is success you yeah you get hurt you get over overtraining syndrome classic symptoms are fatigue feeling kind of rundown crankiness not sleeping at night overeating you're under eating and you're gonna you're gonna achieve so much more benefit if you train properly and you're not training all the time and at a really high level because if you push yourself you know not only you go you have the possibility of having an overtraining but you're also your risk of injury goes up keep your elbows right back here let's do eight to ten elbows alright good job brother may give you a nice long rest skull Crusher's do not live up to the name of the exercise do not crush your skull that's it got a man one of the really important reasons for this counterbalance that I'm giving you this 110 pounds is it does take a lot of the stress off of the lower back and really helps you focus on the on the rectus abdominals or ABS excellent Dan rest good job man it's really amazing I've come into the gym I had like zero energy I thought I was gonna take a nap for three sets today and after just doing a few sets of this I can feel the energy flowing back in today is April 2nd I've been doing this project for exactly one month and so I decided that today would be a really good day to sit down and spend a couple minutes discussing how I feel and going through everything before going into this project I was experiencing some symptoms that were somewhat alarming as far as my health is concerned I was feeling very shaky that's having a lot of trouble sleeping very low energy like my energy was very erratic all of those symptoms have completely gone away I feel alive I have this certain spring in my step that wasn't there before I can see my stomach shrinking like check this out you know this might not look like abs yet but literally a month ago this was out to here you know and now when I pinched my stomach there's a lot less to pinch my arms are getting bigger look at this my arms are getting bigger I noticed that my clothes are fitting better than ever before and I'm finding that I'm wearing shirts and pants that I haven't worn in about a year when I go to cinch my belt the hole that I normally cinch to is too loose so I go down two or three holes past that after a month I'm moving differently my thighs aren't rubbing together as much as they did which I never really told anybody about because I was a little bit embarrassed but I was starting to chafe in between my thighs because they I guess they were getting really big that's not happening anymore basically the routine is that I've been exercising five days a week I've been training with a kettlebell guy I've been training with my core workout trainer I've been running a little bit on the side most days it's just 55 minutes of exercise and that's it and I wake up the next day feeling sore my abs are hurting my muscles all over the body are sore I'm shocked with the amount of exercise that this protocol requires because it's much less than I originally thought diet plays all the role in getting abs and the reason why is that everybody has them like you have abs you you wouldn't be able to support yourself through activities such as walking if you didn't have abs the issue is whether or not they're visible so you can make the lines or the cuts in your abs deeper through training but you need to reduce body fat accordingly to make them visible the biggest mistake that clients will come to me that they'll make is they'll get into this huge caloric deficit if you do that if you starve yourself I guarantee you're gonna gain a stored energy you're gonna put on body fat I've had clients that we're eating less than a thousand calories a day that were 30 percent body fat you have to eat you got to feed the Machine by feeding the Machine you will liberate that stored energy the first thing I tell everybody stay away from anything white don't eat white potatoes sugar bread flour you absolutely don't you don't want to pig out on meat that's real important so essentially you you want to eat a lot of vegetables smoothies are good your largest meal should be breakfast smallest meal should be dinner and for the first month during the initial conditioning phase you want to go to bed a little hungry it's critical to have breakfast period you want to wake up really really hungry when you start waking up hungry that's telling me that your metabolic rate is going up so that should be your biggest meal and then eat every three hours shortening the meals as you get to dinner dinner again should be your smallest meal and let's say you eat at 6 o'clock then you shouldn't eat anything until 6 o'clock the next morning you want to not really have anything in your digestive tract when you're sleeping before embarking on this fitness journey my traveling lifestyle and heavy workload enabled me to develop several bad dietary habits as it was before I frequently skipped eating breakfast in order to get to work a little faster once at work I forgot about food for hours until my body gave me the I need food now signal in a hungry state I often settled for less than perfect food choices and regularly gorged myself until I was stuffed then I would take another massive break from eating until I was once again starving and ready to overindulge around nine ten or eleven at night I'd get hungry again and eat a huge dinner then I'd go to sleep as my body started digesting my last meal this type of feeding schedule was like an anvil for my metabolism it slowed it down to a crawl and definitely contributed to my weight gain it also made me feel sluggish and old ironically in an effort to save time and be more productive I actually started feeling crappy which significantly hindered the amount of work I could do in a day by contrast my new diet which emphasizes eating a big breakfast followed by reasonably sized meals every two to three hours throughout the day keeps my metabolism high and my blood sugar level as a result I feel more energetic more satiated have fewer mood swings and I'm able to liberate stored energy aka fat at a steady rate this way of eating has also reminded me how pleasant it is to cook my own meals cooking at home lets me be creative and allows me to make art in the form of food it forces me to unplug from all the electronics that are constantly competing for my attention and helps me spend time with the people that I love it seems counterintuitive but this routine also helps me save tons of time every day of this project my sister comes over to help me make my meals together we spend about an hour cutting up various fruits and vegetables we make delicious soups and salads using the best healthiest ingredients and devise new recipes to keep things interesting within the single hour we managed to make all of our meals for the entire day including snacks once we're done we're done all of our food gets neatly packed into glass jars then when hunger strikes all we have to do is open the jar of food and enjoy it this literally saves me hours per week as hunting for three or four individual meals daily takes up a lot of time as for the contents of my diet my food hasn't changed all that much the majority of what I eat consists of raw fruits and vegetables this means lots of big big salads and lots of ripe fruit as nibbles I also like to eat cooked grains such as buckwheat millet quinoa and roasted root vegetables because they add substance to my diet the biggest thing that I've changed about the way that I eat is I've added some animal products back into my diet growing up I ate an entirely vegan diet for 18 years of my life for 15 of those years I was extremely strict and followed a hundred percent raw food diet though my rigid dietary choices initially helped me overcome my childhood health problems they also eventually led me to develop several serious nutrient deficiencies at a certain point I could no longer deny that my diet wasn't serving me so I started experimenting with farm-fresh animal products and regained my vibrant seat once again presently I eat eggs fish and poultry and think it's very important to source these things from small local farms where animals live happy lives and are treated well most of the animal products that I presently consume come from my friends farm called willow whit ranch I've personally been on their property and can be certain that their animals are well cared for my general stance on animal products is such if you're going to eat eggs fish chicken etc it's a good idea to make sure that they are ethically raised every morning of this project as well as every morning in general I start with a green smoothie green smoothies have a wide array of health benefits they're hydrating for the whole body they provide good muscle and tissue repair in my documentary powered by green smoothies I followed around 10 athletes and made them drink a quart of green smoothie every single day and we found that green smoothies helped them to improve their endurance helped them recover better and just help them feel all-around awesome so in this documentary I'm definitely going to be using green smoothies as part of my meals one of the things I want to talk about is I try to get all my clients in the pool the pool is magical as far as strength endurance and flexibility when you're doing a pool workout you're basically doing thousands of core rotations I cannot wait to get you in the pool if you're re-engineering your body a combination of strength training functional training and swimming really give you incredible ABS yep keep that thing is that's good so don't fight the water when you have this on okay you don't have to kick so you're gonna be conserving energy because you still have like an eight beat kick you're still wasting a lot of energy kicking this is gonna keep the lower body on the surface because you want to rotate on the surface okay and really focus on good rotation turning your head to breathe and try to get the timing down okay so let's try this it's called the pull buoy don't think three dimensionally where your hands are like that because you'll freak yourself out all right thinking can be a dreadful affliction all right rotation and let's zoom a 25 [Applause] three good that's good [Applause] last month this was substantially bigger this is my muffin top and the month before that it was even bigger and so this last month became soft kind of jiggly and then it just started to shrink boom I've also noticed from working on my arms in my upper body just bigger arms bigger biceps bigger pecs stronger back today I did my third body comp body comping in is where I measure my fat my weight and John does some calculations and kind of tells me where I'm at how much further I need to go and as of today May 8th I have dropped another two and a half percent body fat so that's about 8 percent total I have dropped about 14 pounds in weight and I've gained between 5 and 6 pounds of muscle the last week though has been kind of challenging I've been having ups and downs in my mood and my energy feeling like am I gonna get there you know am I gonna have rock-hard abs after all the documentary is called Iowan abs and so it's critical that at the end of it I have you know a 6-pack that I could be proud of one thing that's been happening repeatedly is people have been coming up to me and saying hey you know how are your abs going show me your abs and when I lift up my shirt reluctantly they're like oh you still have a ways to go but the thing is that these folks they haven't been with me ever since day 1 they haven't seen me firsthand you know naked at the start of the project so they haven't seen the progress I've already made and I'm still very much in the process of developing definition and showing abs and that that in itself has been kind of discouraging because it's kind of been like freaking me out like will I make it my plan of attack for that specifically now when people say show me your abs how's it going I'm gonna tell them if you want to see my abs you're gonna have to purchase this movie because you ain't getting nothing for free I wonder sometimes if this documentary isn't lacking drama thus far there hasn't been any drama it's just been like positive all the way and sure there are days that are harder and there are days where I don't want to work out but they're few and far between and I can tell you this that when I do go and work out and push through that I just feel 100% better yeah I didn't I felt pretty crummy I went to my workout a couple BOSU flies into it I felt better then a couple more BOSU balls into it I felt like incredible and it's been a couple hours since that I'm recording this check-in I still feel really good I think I'm addicted now I think I can't quit and it's a very maintainable lifestyle that I've been living in the last couple months and I think that ultimately when I get to the end of filming this documentary I don't foresee myself changing a whole lot because I don't really miss anything from how I used to do things like the food is awesome the exercise is great it's 95 percent positive and then the lows are to be expected our health and wellness is priceless you can't put a value on this which it blows my mind that some people the first thing to go is their fitness program their dietary intake but this is like the most important thing because it enhances the human condition so it's interesting that you bring that up because this week what I've kind of run into over and over again is people coming up to me they know that I'm doing this project they try and lift up my shirt which is a little intrusive and then they're like why are you doing this why are you working on your abs there are so many other things that you could be working on like isn't that a little conceited and I got to say it's like I'm in a little bit hard it's kind of brought me down a little bit because I'm thinking like I mean am i doing something wrong here by working on my body what interests me the most about those people who lift up your shirt and say why are you doing this is my counter to that is why would you not be doing this because your health and wellness is the most important thing on the planet it's it's way more important than stuff or money or anything else because if you don't have your health you don't have anything and I know what that's like I remember lying in a hospital room for 22 days not having my health and wellness and the whole thing about being cut and having great ABS that's a byproduct of just being incredibly healthy it's not conceited yeah I think you're doing the world a service by being as fit and as healthy as possible because then you can operate on a higher level and you can help other people so it's very non conceded to be to really work on your health and wellness because it helps everybody it brings everybody up so I don't understand that type of mentality and I think a lot of people they don't get it they don't get that that that your health and wellness is everything and it enhances the human condition and that it truly is priceless you can't put a price on it which is why what you're doing is the best investment anybody could ever make period so so let's start investing interactive I'm gonna throw the ball that ball to you and you're gonna throw it back that was great yeah hahaha so how's it feeling man feeling good oh my goodness that's why I recommend a personal trainer at least sometimes because few people can do that by themselves and I'm definitely not one of those people so in about 15 days left Excel it's supposed to be done we have that three month mark so one thing I'm noticing is that there's like developing more muscle definition and I think I could get there but it's starting to stress me out so I'm thinking should I add another month in order they're really good make it four months instead of three because the movies call I want apps I wanted to be disputable and I think this is really good progress but I think that good yeah well I think you've answered your question my friend so yes let's do it and your you'd be up for getting a fourth month I'm up for it hey I am joyful to rip you apart of the cellular level my friend I'm three months into my project I've been working out of an eating right and as I get closer to my after picture I'm realizing but even though I'm developing pretty good muscle definition I'm gonna need to be able to flex correctly in order to show it off I need some help posing I need a I need some help figuring out how best deflect the display my muscles absolutely okay and so I was hoping that I could so just like flex your abs for me so yeah just act like you like you're all like heated like we're gonna beat someone up yeah let's talk about your laps because in bodybuilding you're trying to give the impression that you have a small waist and a big back your laughs are right here yeah so they come all the way down your back like this right and then I come down so when you take a big breath and you fill it up you can fill this muscle right kind of start to engage and poke out that's what you're trying to look for mm-hmm and that's the same thing here with your bicep so lots you'll see lots bodybuilders do this little hand thing because that helps them kind of flex it a little bit more if you suck in and pull up yeah can you make your belly button come up a little bit yeah so but all of that pop do you see that all your little scam liens went oops yeah and you can see where I am you can see you're lying down here as it starts to come in there you go there you go do you see that definition and that one okay are you ready for this good luck and then turn to the side yep and then turn all the way back do your back with no arms up breathe into it remember to just open oh yeah that's different now bring your biceps up good and then let's turn all the way to the other side again find that tricep and roll it back go smile pretty at the judges yeah and if you're a girl you'd be like hey and if you got my food portions since the beginning of this project have shrank I'm finding that it takes a lot less food to keep me fueled throughout the day and this happened naturally I didn't force myself to eat smaller meals I've also learned that it's just as important when you eat as what you eat I eat a solid breakfast I eat a snack in between breakfast and lunch most days I'll eat two lunches a couple hours apart because that enables me to shrink my portion size then I eat another snack and then I eat dinner and that's it on top of eating really healthy food I've drastically changed the timing of when my meals hit my body and that has been an incredible thing to witness the energy levels are incredible and I just feel light on my feet all the time I never have that feeling of heaviness and I always have this feeling that I could just get up and run and that feels good as far as the workouts themselves are concerned I noticed a shift at the beginning of the month at the start of this month there were still days when I had to kind of drag my heels a little bit it wasn't always pleasant and then something happened and now they're my favorite part of the day at the beginning when I started this project I had no idea what it takes to get abs that's why I'm making this movie I wanted to find out and as it turns out it's a lot easier than I thought initially my initial thoughts and concerns were that I'd have to be exercising five hours a day and then it would be unpleasant and then I'd have to eat a highly restrictive diet but the recipe for abs is actually quite simple their recipe for abs is a good diet good program design and consistency and that's it good program design in my opinion is first and foremost something that's fun that you enjoy doing and it's also functional fitness so I'm not just lifting weights in one fashion I'm lifting weights in a way that I'm using stabilizing muscles and I will be able to apply those exercises into real life for example when I do yoga ball work or BOSU ball work I'm using stabilizing muscles in my core that I can then use when I go surfing you know it's exercising that helps the real world I think it's very important to find stuff that you're excited about John helps me do core work he makes it fun it's not just doing sit-ups boring sit-ups he makes everything fun we do a lot of different exercises that keeps me engaged I found Nick he teaches kettlebells kettlebells add an element of danger into my workouts because obviously you have this big heavy kettlebell in it you have to be mindful and not drop it on your foot or your face I'm actually find that with kettlebells I workout and I'm so focused on being careful that the workout can just run by quickly and I don't even notice the time fly by so good program design for me is functional fitness and to find things that you enjoy we all have big egos we all want to grab the big weights we get to the gym and it's like I'm not gonna grab the ten pounders I want the 30 pounders and that's the zone where you get hurt and if you get hurt you can't keep doing workouts you can't keep working on your body so one thing that John has been very helpful in helping me understand is that it's important to start light at the beginning of this experiment he would give me 10 or 12 pound weights and I'd be doing curls or butterflies and I was like thank God I'm in this gym alone because this is embarrassing but the thing about it is it it built my muscles incremental E and now I'm at the point where I'm using 30 pound weights and not only does it not feel heavy but it feels safe my body can accommodate that weight and building off that I think it's important in the beginning to have a personal trainer because a personal trainer adds a level of accountability I noticed for myself it's a lot harder to do something for me than it is for somebody else and so when I know that John is coming when I know that I've paid John for my workout that's so I sort of have no choice but to go hiring a trainer isn't cost-effective for everybody but I think that it is a very good tool in the beginning because it makes you go to the workouts and it helps you form that healthy pattern on that note of having a personal trainer it's also worth mentioning that it's very difficult to find a good trainer and it's absolutely imperative that you find a good trainer when you choose a personal trainer make sure that you interview them ask them specific questions based off the results that you want to attain like are you confident that I'm gonna have abs or are you confident that I'm gonna build upper body strength and based off how they respond you'll know if they're the right trainer or the wrong trainer for you my friends were concerned that this project was driven by vanity and that I would become more vain the fitter I got but I've actually learned that the opposite is true before when I was a little bit overweight was pudgy I found that I was constantly stressed and concerned with how I looked I was always looking in the mirror and making sure that my hair looked good that I was wearing clothes that concealed my shape I was like a perpetual thing I was always like don't take pictures of me or do I look good in that picture whereas now I look in the mirror and my reflection that's looking back at me is an awesome reflection and I love it and I find that I'm just so much less stressed I'm able to just go on with my day and I'm not concerned about any of it I don't care what I'm wearing where I'm going who's taking pictures of me I'm just free [Laughter] okay so the place that I'm at you're smart you can guess where that is it just expanded its organic section so it's a great place to come to buy inexpensive organic food if I were to shop for these things that my look will help to the store I would spend thousands upon thousands of dollars so when I come to a place like this it's an easy way to get really good food and save a little cash it's funny I'm just cruising around the store talking to myself about various fruits and vegetables and people are looking at me crazy like what's he doing just talking to himself and I think that may be a good strategy for next time would be to wear some Bluetooth are like Apple headphones so people just think I'm on the phone why and I'm not crazy so check it out I got a whole cart load of food that's mango the oranges got pineapples celery tomatoes cherries avocados and I only spent a hundred and thirty nine dollars and 76 cents this cart of food at a health food store would have easily cost 400 bucks so that's how I shop [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] I think it's like this hmm after four months of consistent training my coach John suggested that I put my fitness to the ultimate test by competing in a triathlon unlike other races triathlons require participants to swim bike and run thus challenging every muscle in the body I was extremely apprehensive to compete in anything let alone a triathlon but after constant persuasion from John I agreed to try it and the results were better than I could have ever expected there was a point when I was running the last leg of the race when I was no longer passing people I remember thinking man the guy in front of me must have a big lead over me I don't think I'll be able to catch him shortly thereafter I crossed the finish line and split the ribbon with my body I came in first place there was nobody ahead of me oh yeah so this is the after photo shoot and this marks the end of the project this is the last thing that we're gonna shoot what up Jared how's it going yeah welcome good the same man good man come on in Bali and I are just checking out some of the stuff we get from the previous shoot cool well let me hop into my speedo and we'll go from there cool let's do it [Applause] in my upbringing I was taught that when you want to lose weight you have to fast and I think this is a very common belief and what I learned over the last 4 months is that this belief isn't necessarily true because I lost weight through eating one of my major takeaways in this project has been that it's just as important when you eat as what you eat because I would eat breakfast religiously every morning and then from that point on eat every two hours until 7 p.m. my metabolism experienced a spike my blood sugar stayed level and consistent throughout the day and I was able to lose weight lose fat naturally without stretch marks consistently I lost about 4 pounds a month that's a huge huge eye-opener for me that you don't have to starve yourself or deplete yourself of calories to lose weight you actually have to eat people always say that you should love yourself but what does that really mean when I started this project I got all sorts of different comments some people would say it's so awesome that you're doing this good job other people would say why are you wasting your time this is so superficial you shouldn't be working on your abs there are many other causes that are much better than this and I learned that choosing healthy habits over unhealthy habits is an act of true love to yourself so when I choose to eat healthy food when I choose to go to the gym regularly I'm giving myself a big big hug I'm actually doing something very pleasant very loving for myself for my body in that that in and of itself that choice to do something healthy repeatedly is how I lift my own self-esteem when I was going into this project I had pretty big expectations my expectations initially were that I was gonna get really fit that I would start noticing in a more definition right away and I had a little bit of a freakout a month or two in when I'd been working out for a solid 30 40 days and I started feeling stronger but thing was changing I was still kind of pudgy in the gut I didn't have as much definition in the arms as I would have wanted to and I had this mini panic like the three-month mark is coming up I'm supposed to have figured some stuff out by now but I'm not is it working and so then I had a meeting with my film crew and we decided to extend the project for another month make it four months instead of three and it wasn't until the third month that I really started noticing the difference the fat really started melting that the muscle definition started showing up I had these expectations for fast results and instead what I got was slow and steady results this is something that's very important to mention I think because often people will start going to the gym in January it's called the January effect and they have all this you know desire to live a better year to have all these new year's resolutions and a month into it when they don't see any results they all quit had those people not quit on the first but taking it another month month and a half that's when the results start showing up so it's a much more gradual process unfortunately but you know what what's the rush once you get fit and you can maintain it for the rest of your life it's not really a race enjoy the process you four months ago being fit was no more than a dream it seemed impossible and completely out of my reach at the start of this project the title of this movie I want apps describe my most honest desire to get in shape and figure out if the effort was worth it today I can attest that the effort is worth it during the making of this film I learned that the process of getting fit was much easier than I expected and that the lifestyle change was a pleasant one the transformation of my body was accompanied by elevated self-esteem stronger will power and a lot more happiness walking through life in a fit body is a completely different experience than in a body that's out of shape it's absolutely awesome and I highly recommend it I feel alert and ready for whatever life throws my way and this is an incredible feeling so what's the secret to getting abs one hour of vigorous exercise 3 to 5 times per week eating 6 small meals that consist of healthy ingredients daily not eating late at night and being consistent it's that simple this project helping you realize that it's just as difficult and expensive to get out of shape as it is to get in shape in order to get out of shape one must regularly purchase cookies and other expensive junk foods spend countless tedious hours and sedentary poses and put up with all the physical and emotional limitations of such a lifestyle by contrast being fit requires a trainer a gym membership and time to achieve results but unlike being out of shape the side effects of living a healthy lifestyle are only positive any one person is only 2040 or a hundred workouts away from being in the best shape of their lives you're gonna live those days anyway so why not invest into a better future for yourself it's daunting to start in the results show up gradually that's why I encourage you to enjoy the process and trust that you'll get there and most importantly don't stop okay so we're heading to the flat top where I'm gonna finally shave I've been wearing a beard for quite a long time at the start of the movie I told you that I was growing at a beard to show progression and time and now I'm going full circle I have abs I have a beard and I want my face back I've recruited three friends who are gonna help me pick a new facial hair style so this is the beard cut I'm doing great what we do today I'm gonna give you full creative license just cut my beard off

Amanda Knox Documentary BBC



The untold story about Meredith Kercher’s murder.

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I thought the buongiorno said no pretty content rattle inkatha's phenomena Venus I'm assuming moto de subvención up of packages on November the 2nd 2007 police in Perugia receive a phone call there's been a break-in when police arrive they discover a young woman has been stabbed to death she's Meredith Kercher a British student a girl with everything to live for for seven years her American flatmate Amanda Knox was the center of a media and judicial storm accused at Meredith's murder in 2015 the murder convictions of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito were overturned once and for all it's she deserved so much in this life huh I I'm lucky the family of Meredith Kercher feels let down by the Italian judiciary for the contradictory verdicts it has produced over nearly eight years Meredith Kercher grew up in Croydon South London in August 2007 a new University year is about to start Meredith now 21 prepares to leave for the ancient and peaceful hilltop city of Perugia Italy it was very excited about coming to Italy looking forward to learning more about Italian culture and seeing the city of Perugia and making new friends and she really fought to come here she she really wanted to be here mez as everyone calls her is studying European politics and Italian at Leeds now she has an exchange year in Italy a country she's been in love with since the school trip but saying goodbye to her sister Stephanie isn't easy we were just talking on the sofa and having a little cuddle goodbye and then I just remember her suddenly crying and saying that she was going to be sad to go but she was excited to come and I'm being quite taken aback since thought don't make me sad oh I'll miss you but you're going to have fun she leaves on September the 1st and quickly afterwards moves into the upstairs flat of this cottage with three housemates two young Italian trainee lawyers and a student on exchange from the United States 20 year-old Amanda Knox Amanda has traveled almost 6,000 miles from Seattle on the northwest coast to study Italian in Perugia photogenic outgoing and describing herself as quirky Amanda Knox loves the Beatles and Harry Potter she's been studying at University and has worked three jobs to pay for her Italian adventure she is very different from the quiet and studious Meredith while housemates there is said to be tension over Amanda's supposedly casual attitude to sex money and housework within weeks Amanda Knox lands a job in Perugia working as a waitress at loo chic a pub owned by a popular musician from the Congo Patrick Lumumba both on a limb place you she gave me the impression of a good personal bike if she wasn't a good person she wouldn't have worked here that doesn't mean that her relationship with clients pleased me because she often talked to the clients and I had to tell her to get back to work I said please lead our ballet Alex I think we only did Kalle on October the 25th Amanda and Meredith go to a classical music concert together where Amanda meets Italian student Raphael s all a cheater he looks like her favorite Harry Potter and the two begin a whirlwind romance described by friends as intelligent and sensitive the handsome Raphael II has come to Perugia to study information technology a week later October the 31st it is Halloween and in Perugia like every other university town it's party time it is one of Meredith's favorite nights out and she is dressed as a vampire these will turn out to be among the last photographs of her alive happy full of life and completely at home with her new friends what happens on the night of November the 1st 2007 has been the subject of three trials three Appeals and three Supreme Court rulings the story has more twists and turns than the medieval streets of Perugia itself the story starts at nine o'clock in the morning on the 2nd of November when a local woman finds two mobile phones in her garden she takes them to the postal police which handles crimes involving communication devices they quickly discover one of the phones is registered to Via della pergolas 7 a small cottage just 500 meters away when police arrive here they see two students in the driveway Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito they tell the police the front door is open and one room has been ransacked police go into the house one bedrooms a mess clothes are all over the floor and a large rock is lying near the window shortly after the postal police arrive around 1251 Raphael is alleged or calls the elite police force the Carabinieri he doesn't mention that the postal police are already there and says nothing's been stolen details prosecutors would later claim are significant I thought the one Jameson no retardant rattle inkatha's phenomena Venus listening not to disobey Chernov of Tanisha Nina said the latter cossutius home to heritage Fiona know where children chief Forester meanwhile amanda says she's worried about her friend Meredith her doors locked she's not answering the phone when the door is broken down they discover a beige duvet on the floor beneath it the battered and bloody body of Meredith Kercher prosecutor Giuliana Ming Nene arrives just after 2:00 p.m. he finds Meredith is partially naked her bras being cut off and her t-shirt rolled up above her breasts it looks like a sexual assault when you start an investigation you don't know what hell is yes yes – slowly reconstruct the situation – eat it forensics teams work inside and outside the cottage right away they think it's a staged break-in glass shards are on top rather than underneath the scattered clothes the large rock seems too heavy to be thrown from the ground to the first floor window and too big to go through the small crack between the shutters a handbag jewelry case camera and laptop computer are lying in full view there's a line of bloody shoe prints from Meredith's room to the front door and in the bathroom a bloody bear footprint is on the bath mat over four days investigators collect more than 400 items from the apartment photographing and filming their work Meredith's bra has been sliced off but when police bag it for evidence they noticed something is missing she's awesome Parliament go about it again yes this casino Roberta a masculine demography never compared to the country s e+ v to any other entries or exam when you solve a linear momentum with somehow the investigators leave without it a critical error that will haunt the prosecution case the autopsy shows Meredith has been strangled and stabbed on two sides of the neck possibly with two different knives the second fatal stab severed her thyroid artery there are 40 wounds too many police believe for one assailant to have inflicted alone the prosecution's view of what happened later disputed by the defense is shown in this reconstruction Meredith was trained in karate and must have encountered overwhelming force unas Tessa persona non booty back on tiempo en Ament a tener a one person couldn't all at the same time hold Meredith still and hold back her hands because there are very few defensive ways inflict those wounds with a smaller knife and then give her the fatal blow with the larger knife it is impossible not even Superman could do it Champa see Benecke super mentally she did the behavior of Amanda Knox and her boyfriend attracts attention Meredith's friends tell police that far from appearing distraught Amanda and Rafaela have been seen laughing and joking a vigil is held for Meredith but Amanda and Raffaella don't attend they go for dinner at a friend's instead and the prosecutor recalls why he was concerned by Amanda's behavior quando foo-foo la portada quest ella garcia Vader a nickel telling Sharon Ella when the girls were brought to see the knives that were in the kitchen reaction of Amanda it was a reaction she put her hands on her ears as if you were trying to block out a terrible sound she was hearing their ears it was like she was having a nervous breakdown he probably won't chedi Minto nervosa and then there was this one of the defining images of the case Amanda and Raffaella kissing outside the cottage where Meredith was murdered her supporters say this was only natural did they come for each other we've seen that famous footage of the two of them together they did what's wrong with any of that nothing it did appear to be wrong to some authorities November the fifth four days after the murder but a fayliss solicitor is called in for questioning Amanda goes with him and once again her behavior seems odd she does yoga and splits in the waiting room at this point the couple's alibi appears to fall apart Amanda had told police she'd spent the night of the murder at the rafail his apartment they cooked watched a film made love smoked marijuana and went to bed but separately but a famous story begins to change he's no longer sure if amanda was with him all night Amanda's called in for more questioning as she is only a witness at this stage an interpreter is present but she has no legal representation what happens next is crucial and one of the most controversial twists in the story police ask Amanda Knox about text messages on her phones in particular a message from her boss Patrick Lumumba of Empire don't come to work tonight because there aren't enough clients asked it's like Sunday I sent that message not to come for both in year Amanda had texted back see you later she says she just meant to see you around but police now want to know had Amanda arranged to meet Lumumba later that evening and taken him to her house at 1:45 in the morning Amanda breaks down this Agera and she says she had entered the house with him because he was attracted to Meredith and wanted to be with Meredith and she stayed in the kitchen and heard Meredith screams and he was the assassin that's what she says I think I mean did he sit police believed Amanda Knox's story they raid Patrick Lumumba home and take him in within hours his photo flashes around the world as one of the murder suspects but for the police Amanda Knox has now gone from witness to suspect if she's taken remember to Meredith she must have been at the house lay see a pasta Nellore del delito she put herself at the scene of the crime she admitted to accompanying Liz Moomba as if she were an accomplice in his project she was in the room next door when the crime happened in her version and this fact pushed the police to suspend the audition in order to protect her rights as pintura policia para jus Nina Garcia a suspender la adición a November 6 2007 Amanda Knox and Raffaele Isola Tito are arrested waiting to be taken to jail Amanda makes another attempt to tell police what happened with Lumumba by writing out an explanation in English she tells the police it's a present in my mind I saw Patrick in flashes of blurred images I saw him near the basketball court I saw him at my front door I saw myself cowering in the kitchen with my hands over my ears because in my head I could hear Meredith screaming but I've said this many times so as to make myself clear these things seem unreal to me like a dream I want to make it clear that I'm very doubtful of the Verity of my statements because they were made under the pressure of stress shock and extreme exhaustion but despite her uncertainty she doesn't retract her accusation Lumumba remains in jail pleading his innocence in the city square members of the African community protest his arrest Helen why you – Julie all say video Society Diwali the black man is always the thief and the assassin oh yes she wanted them to believe what she was saying it was just because I was black she was looking for someone in society who was credible there was a moment when she should have actually retracted that story there's a moment when she should have said no this is the wrong thing to do I am he was thrown into jail for two weeks so just over two weeks for something he did not do and he lost his livelihood at this point another African immigrant enters the story 20 year old Rudy Grady from the Ivory Coast is living in Perugia detectives find his bloody thumbprint on a pillowcase that was underneath Meredith's dead body because he's an immigrant they have his prints on file police raid his tiny bedsit apartment and test his toothbrush for DNA it matches traces found on Meredith's bra strap on her body and on the left sleeve of her pale blue sweatshirt Rudy gray day has fled the country he's arrested in Germany Perugia attorney Voltaire biscotti volunteers to defend him in Contra Costa God so I met this young man in his prison in shipping stop Germany and he seemed to me like a guy who was scared someone who was in the middle of a story that was bigger than him he was surprised to see a lawyer who arrived from Italy for him wound evoke Otto garavato Alitalia pet lui extradited back to Italy Rudy Grady confirms to police that he's lived in the country since the age of five a keen basketball player he'd met Amanda and Meredith after shooting hoops with students who lived in the apartment below there's they partied and smoked dope together meanwhile the case against Patrick Lumumba as outlined by Amanda Knox collapses a customer at the bar has given him an alibi and he's freed how did Amanda Knox come to mention Lumumba's name to police for the first time we can hear an audio tape of her explanation to the prosecutor a transcript of this was presented in court but not the audio accompanied by three lawyers and an interpreter on December the 17th 2007 Knox is asked why she told police Lumumba committed the crime whiskey silhouette are you mad you know why I read I was here it was after long hours in the middle of the night I was innocent they were telling me that I would feel because led shave a la policia telling me we know your house he knows you went out and was those know it before I sent Patrick name they were put some with shown on the message that I was telephone que cosa traditional male hey sister a policia pala Papa I wish I could understand what they were telling me that I was fine but it has some new year I've FSG machi booty boy premature death too otra vez de review means in that home that I had said happily I not included so what's the extent of the police evidence at this point it includes the knife found after a failure so legit apartment that they believe could be the murder weapon but they need more so return to the crime scene 46 days after the murder they find Meredith's bra clasp under a mat using rubber gloves they pick it up and inspect it it will become the most controversial piece of evidence in the investigation the defense will claim the delay in collecting it could have resulted in contamination investigators also for the first time use luminol to look for invisible bloodstains three clear footprints appear plus other small bloodstains more new evidence but it will be controversial in Seattle the campaign to prove Amanda is innocent is underway her family turned to a crisis communications firm and a group called Friends of Amanda it was just this kind of small group of people they were called the Americans and our offense I think there was one quote that the Americans was said in the Marines to get Amanda Knox I love Italy up in Italy and I have great respect for the courts I do think we have a rogue prosecutor in Italy it could speak against the prosecution you can be prosecuted so nobody can speak and it's a perfect storm of a potentially very unfair prosecution Amanda Knox's DNA has been found mixed together with Meredith Kercher's in five bloodstains in the flat Plus tests show the bear footprints made in blood matched the size and shape of Amanda's and her boyfriends feet and the kitchen knife from Raphael's apartment shows Amanda's DNA on the handle and a tiny trace of Meredith's DNA on the blade the clock spins forward almost one year to September 2008 Amanda Knox Raffaella Silesia Tov and Rudy Grady appear before a judge in Perugia with so much publicity now surrounding Knox grade-a OFT's to be tried quickly and separately me Sano convento a service if I was convinced that if he had been tried with the others that with all the international media clamour and the international pressure that would have been surrounding this trial they would have dumped all the blame on Rudy aviary burrows terracotta – – Zhu Li so you have to see the role that money plays if it be the USA or even here in your situation as a citizen or as a as a person as a suspect right you're not the justice system is not fair no matter where you are because money's gonna play a role the prosecution's case is a tabloid editors dream they say Amanda Knox Raffaele Sollecito and Rudy grade-a killed Meredith Kercher in a sex game gone wrong gray day denies this and pleads not guilty his defense is that he wasn't in the room when Meredith was murdered he was in the bathroom Meredith had invited him over he said when he got there Meredith was furious because money was missing and she was blaming Amanda he says he comforted Meredith and things got physical but they didn't have full sex he went to the toilet then says he heard Amanda into the apartment Lewis in Tito love or cherry Amanda he heard Amanda's voice as she came in he was in the bathroom or just about to go into the bathroom when then he really did put on his headphone didn't listen to music rap I think at full volume and then heard a scream he came out and came up against a male figure I encourage shot in gusto corridor una figure amass Kela Rudy grade-a says this man lunged at him with a knife cutting his hand the attacker then yelled black man found black man condemned and ran away Grady found Meredith bleeding in the other room he tried to stem the blood flow with towels and left a bloody thumbprint on the pillowcase but the bleeding didn't stop and Grady says he panicked louia jacket oh yeah you darlin he tried to help her he took her in his arms and should have called for help but he was scared and ran away and he feels guilty for this queenly louie berquist oh she sent a call Paola Rudy Guede a is found guilty of Meredith's murder and sentenced to 30 years the judges verdict says Rudy gray day did not act alone he's led away to prison Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito will now stand trial for the murder and sexual assault of Meredith Kercher January the 16th 2009 the trial begins the world's media is focused on Amanda Knox her face fills the front pages could this attractive bubbly all-american girl be capable of murder as they did at Rudy gray days trial the prosecution again suggests the murder was the result of a sex game gone wrong again this is strongly denied Amanda and Raffaella claimed they weren't in the house that night to support their case the prosecution produces evidence they claim places the couple at the scene of the murder first there's the DNA found in the bathroom the prosecution says it shows the mixed blood of Amanda Knox and Meredith Kercher in the b-day drain the sink drain and on a cotton bud box there is also a large drop of Amanda's blood on the bathroom tap according to the prosecutor this shows Amanda and Meredith were bleeding at the same time strong evidence there was a fight LaBrie principally saw no tragedy sanguinista the principal evidence was mixed blood traces from which were extracted mixed DNA of a Mandan Merida lead Equus a Mistura the only explanation for that mix is that Amanda was bleeding and touched objects that were covered in Meredith's blood your JD del baño Colima there's no other explanation determine Cheney's finale alternatiba but Amanda's lawyers say this proves nothing two young students living together means it's perfectly normal to find mixed blood and DNA in the bathroom they say it's possible Amanda's DNA isn't from her blood at all but from her saliva Sara Geno is the forensic biologist on Amanda Knox's defense team questo contests very sanguine in this case the test was done for blood but was the test done for saliva no so we can't know if inside that mixed race there was blood because it had been demonstrated or just saliva or maybe there was blood from both of those but what does that mean maybe someone had a bloody nose one time and then in another moment someone cut their finger and put it down and their blood got misawa say Miss Corrado then there was the kitchen knife found in a Refaeli selita's flat this say the prosecutors is the murder weapon which has been cleaned but they have found DNA of Amanda knocks on the handle and a miniscule amount of Meredith Kercher's DNA on the blade but the words too low are written on the DNA reports for the knife the test should never have been carried out say defense there's not enough reliable DNA when questioned by journalists the prosecution stands by its forensic evidence it is not too little the genetic profile is low but it is absolutely reliable in fact we were able to get it which means there is no uncertainty about the attribution of that profile to the victim more DNA evidence is presented this time on Meredith's bra clasp police say Rafaela silletti toes DNA is on one of the hooks this is the only evidence placing him in her bedroom there is no DNA evidence that puts Amanda in the room david balding a DNA statistician at university college london is recognized as one of the world's leading analysts in 2012 he is asked by the italian forensic association to study Meredith Kercher's bra clasp and to give an independent view on whether silletti toes DNA is present his findings are not part of the court case when you just look at the evidence by eye you can see very strongly all of Rafaela solicitors DNA types there and that can't be explained by any kind of just environmental contamination and I calculate how likely is the evidence under the prosecution assertion that that DNA is there from Rafaela solid suit oh and again how likely it is without him being present and the former is much greater than the latter so that's when I say that's extremely strong evidence but forensic experts representing the defense remain adamant that the bra clasp had been contaminated and is unreliable Luke wanted wada elegant a Totoro Jason okay cozy suitcases which as as far as the bra clasp is concerned what happened this bra clasp was collected 46 days after the first crime scene inspection and a mixture of biological material was found there was a profile tribute able to the victim which is normal and other material that was attributable to Raphael a solid sheet oh there were other traces but they were not attributed to anyone to contribute or even saw such a prezzie Nizami of course the history of that bra clasp is a bit unusual because it lay in the room for many days without being collected and so people are worried about the possibility of contamination arising from that I can't say anything directly because I wasn't there and I don't know the circumstances about the risk of contamination but what I can say is that contamination of DNA from passers-by is not an issue I've taken that into account in my the chance of at matching solicitor's DNA is extremely unlikely the defense also uses the crime scene video to question the DNA evidence presented by the prosecution I have it at the crime scene the videos bloody shoe prints cleaned up cleaned up not saved a bra strap I'm collected weeks and weeks and weeks after the initial collection that now supposedly connects Amanda raffaeli and Meredith but the prosecution keeps producing evidence they say connects Amanda Knox and Raffaele Isola Tito to the crime scene in Prague days as dad Amanda's footprints at the which were revealed by the luminol show DNA attributed to Mara which means Amanda was walking in bare feet covered in blood sparkly sandwich they argue this is proof the couple came back during the night to clean up and staged the break-in leaving blood-stained footprints in the bathroom and corridor the defense says there is no proof the prints actually were bloodstains the luminol may have revealed another substance such as bleach the prosecution also presents evidence to challenge the couple's story of what they did that night and the next morning they show Raphael s cellphone was turned on at 6:02 a.m. despite their claim they slept until 10:00 then there was the telephone call to the Carabinieri when Salette Ito knew nothing had been stolen and failed to mention the postal police were at the scene they also questioned Raphael Isola to toes changing alibi and present eyewitnesses who contradict Knox and Salah to tell stories in court the prosecution accuses Amanda Knox of being the leader of a sexual attack on Meredith they say this was payback for Meredith's disapproval of Amanda's lifestyle discussion in John Ferraro di Guerra comprised of Internet's V American was always part of the case I think that night Amanda wanted to make Meredith pay for judging her but she found offensive ah Meredith Ted una Judy Tok Lai Evert Iroquois offensive on a soy confront girl from Seattle the work three jobs to get to Italy to study abroad an honor student from Seattle prep doesn't overnight in my experience turn in to a depraved murderous overnight the colds claims make difficult hearing for the Knox family obviously listening to those types of things were you know it's horrible and I mean it was all-out attack on her character by individuals that have no idea who she truly is as a person one of the things that we have tried to do this entire time is is obviously support him and by always having somebody over here somebody to visit her and stuff like that and we have to stay strong in order for her to stay strong June the 12th 2009 Amanda Knox spends two days on the stand to tell her version of the story millions worldwide watch her explanation of why she put the pub owner Patrick Lumumba in the frame wasn't trying to protect anyone – our brother John Dory suno and it continued to put so much emphasis continue on amigo Siddhanta and fuzzy on this message I had received from massage Joe Garagiola Patrick and so it windy I almost was your crazy killer even control her case is this she was at Raphael s house when the murder happened watching a movie and reading her emails they stopped watching the film at 9:30 she can't prove it because two of their three computers were damaged when police tried to search the hard drives throughout the year long trial Meredith's family fly in from London to testify and witness the key hearings they try to keep the focus on Meredith and their quest for justice the 3rd of December 2009 the eve of the verdict Amanda's family arrives to hear her plea for freedom she knows that she's innocent and has had nothing to do with this and we're just very hopeful that the court will see and be able to see that in the evidence that's been presented Amanda is now almost fluent in Italian yo non sono Calma questa journée escrito son folio davontea make a veto power depend Ramos Tessa HOA Opa Opa hora dia very own amass courage asesina for Tata Sonia tell em the fourth of December 2009 three hundred and twenty three days since the trial started the verdict is broadcast around the world in order ice cream please guilty of murder 25 years for Raffaele Sollecito and 26 for Amanda Knox the extra year for slandering Patrick Lumumba the Kircher's Italian lawyer is satisfied Jollibee felitti ilk important the failed alibis the behavior of selector and Knox's statements the slander of Patrick Lumumba Union I confronted a Lumumba so not too deep these are all elements that once put together allow the determination of guilt Chopra a quest a unity Karachi own ad culpable Itza but Knox's family keeps tight-lipped as they leave the courtroom this lack push back when they return to Seattle they immediately start preparing her appeal there's not one piece of physical evidence to link this girl to his crime they draft legal forensic and political consultants from the US and Italy to strengthen the defense team it takes a year to get to the appeal November the 24th 2010 by now Knox and Sollecito have been in jail for three years this time there is a new judge and a new prosecutor Giancarlo Costa Yola available a new booster on la elección despite the fact that there had already been a conviction the deputy judge said at the beginning of the hearing that the only thing that was certain was that a girl was dead pratik a metal única cosa chica era ki Montone evidence Amanda Knox and Raffaele Isola Tito's defense teams decide to focus on Rudy Guede a they call prison inmates convicted criminals to testify that Wei de has confessed to them in prison June the 27th 2011 Rudy Grady takes the stand by now after an appeal his sentence has been cut from 30 to 16 years he denies he made a jailhouse confession and is asked about a letter he has written claiming Amanda Knox and Raffaele s alleged O killed Meredith the key focus of the appeal is on the DNA knocks and Kircher's DNA on the knife silletti toes on the bra clasp is it enough to place the defendants at the crime scene or not the court appoints independent experts karla vacati and stefano Conti from the University of Sapienza Rome to review the science their report is scathing about prosecution forensic methods they cite us manuals and standards highlighting errors made when the evidence was collected they do find a new trace of DNA on the knife from Sallee Tito's kitchen that hasn't been tested however they argue it's too small to be of use this report helps the judge focus his decision on whether there is reasonable doubt about the DNA samples for Meredith's mother and the rest of her family the hearings are agonizing that like everything she went through the fear and and the tear out and not marry with one and she didn't carry one there October the 3rd 2011 Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito await their fate for the second time in Omid a pop or italiano' la corte di acedia pelo de Perugia a solvent rambly patottie de ávila screech a copy a beachy ad Donna Virgo mr. Sarto not guilty there is sufficient doubt for Amanda Knox and Raffaele is alleged Oh to be released immediately I'm Deanna Knox Amanda Knox's sister and I serve a few words on behalf of our family we're thankful that Amanda's nightmare is over she's suffered for four years for a crime that she did not commit but Rafael I had nothing to do with the murder of that poor girl Meredith Kercher who remains in our hearts some in the gathering crowd become increasingly agitated about the verdict there were people out on the stairs in front of the courthouse and for a long time they yelled shame on you a dark sedan ferries Amanda Knox away to a safe house deep in the Italian countryside for an emotional reunion with relatives after almost four years in jail while Meredith's family is left stunned and pained by the acquittal and there's not a lot about what actually happened we were beginning very difficult from keep her memory and I agree with it the media's photos will be of Amanda Knox arriving home at Seattle Airport and I'm really overwhelmed right now um I was looking down from the airplane and it seemed like everything wasn't real um what's important for me to say is just thank you to everyone who's believed in me who's defended me who's supported my family um Amanda finds a home in Seattle's international district and returns to the University of Washington to study creative writing she starts writing a book about her experience reportedly receiving a full million dollar advance although claims that all of the money goes on legal expenses back in Italy Rudy Grady is still in prison where he has been beaten up by inmates he has begun studying to build himself a future and will soon be eligible for parole for a while this seems like the end of the story but fate or the Italian justice system has another couple of twists in store now it's the turn of the prosecution to appeal and on the 26th of March 2013 Italy's highest court known as the Court of Cassation orders a new trial overturning Amanda Knox and Raffaele Isola Tito's acquittals they say the first appeal did not debate many of the 10,000 pages from the first trial focusing too much on the DNA evidence September the 30th 2013 the second appeal begins this time the drama switches to the birthplace of the Renaissance Florence Amanda Knox isn't in the courtroom she refuses to travel from America and defends her decision on television only Raphael Isola to toe is present in court he makes a plea to the judge and jury yo quiero mi mente D Porter Gwadar a large Alta Naruto do to talk with avi Chanda Eddie consider RL Brazos Valley okay Sato photo unlike in the appeals court this judge orders a police forensics lab in room to test the new trace of DNA found on the kitchen knife it's a miniscule amount from where the blade meets the handle the new test finds that the DNA matches Amanda Knox prosecutors say it further proves her involvement in the murder but the defense says the most likely explanation is that Amanda used the knife when staying at Raphael his apartment the 30th of January 2014 six years and two months after Meredith Kercher's murder the second appeal of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Isola to toe is coming to a close the judgment watched by the world Salette Ito doesn't wait to hear the verdict speeding off in a taxi Amanda Knox stays in the United States plagued by the same fear she shared on television shortly after 9:30 p.m. local time after deliberating for more than 12 hours the judge and jury enter the hall de Leon Hotel cæsar pero difference in El Presidente finale contra Knox Amanda Marie Celeste Raphael a digital Manalapan F written exam and American president in an event om Isis ad reclusion confirm a nervous tone in pinatas intense this time an even longer sentence 28 years and six months for Amanda Knox 25 years for Rafael Sollecito the lawyers give their verdict fresh way mediatic when this trial has been media driven everything has been amplified these kids were taken to prison four days after the body was found they were the first suspect and never lost that image she sees faka dealer will imagine a system closure some idiotic if it was a media driven a trial it's not due to the Khurshid family who have been absolutely sizing so if we're talking about a media circus we need to look at the behavior of the suspects and their followers of the load off into logic in court the victim of Amanda Knox's original slander Patrick Lumumba is relieved he's been awarded 40,000 euros compensation Ella VTech I'm getting most of my life has changed a lot but when you have tane justice like this evening you feel more encouraged to start all over again Rafaela silletti toe has disappeared but the next day police find him 250 miles away at a hotel near the Austrian border they confiscate his passport his lawyers say he wasn't trying to flee the country he remained free until his final appeal anybody losing anyone close to them is hard losing somebody so young and the way that we did is obviously a hundred times worse and then on top of that to have all the the media attention that has gone on for so long just makes it very very difficult to cope with I think we all definitely want some form of closure I'll even just having it almost an end of the Italian justice system and knowing that that's the final decision and then we can all start to remember just Meredeth rather than focusing on who did it or what happened the day of the final appeal came yet another year later on the 25th of March 2015 seven and a half years from when Meredith was brutally murdered in the hillside cottage in Perugia Italy's Supreme Court of Cassation was called upon to decide whether or not to uphold the guilty verdict with no cameras allowed in court the media camped out on the stairs of the imposing Palace of the Supreme Court interviewing lawyers as they came and went Amanda Knox's lawyers argued her Florence conviction was a grave judicial error while Rafaela Silesia tous lawyers likened him to Forrest Gump there's familiar with the story of fire that Gump innocent – l'm gigantic a crazy thing esophagus after a day and a half of final arguments the panel of five judges retired to deliberate journalists and legal observers reflected on the possible outcomes Amanda Knox and her family awaited the decision in Seattle while Rafaela silletti toe went back home to Bari after ten hours of deliberation shortly before 11 p.m. the final verdict was pronounced the guilty verdict was sensationally overturned Amanda Knox and Raffaele Isola Tito were cleared of all charges except for Amanda's slander of Patrick Lumumba I'm incredibly grateful for what has happened for justice I've received we must no longer suggest any possible involvement of Rafael is so legit Oh enough enough enough Francesco Morasca the Kercher's lawyer was stunned as well lapa dalla fini jung-min is fed Dallas the final word came with Friday's verdict that declared the innocence of the two accused although it did refer to the second Clause of Article five three zero which relates to insufficient evidence agenda then the little Shia landowner Sufi Chen said achhamma Fuji della paura support Darya no soul open for Toronto City Guard Sharon Bock efficacy most attorney dr. Monica so was that they were acquitted without a retrial so this is where it ends young queen that Meredith's memory has touched many over the years has been some solace to her family we know Meredith is remembered but as law said it's actually almost there the horrific circumstances that have been forgotten of how she was actually taken from us seven and a half years have passed since the death of Meredith Kercher Amanda Knox and Raffaele Isola Tito have been found not guilty of her murder for which Rudy Grady alone is in jail the very same Court of Cassation ruled he did not act alone no attempt is being made to find other culprits leaving many unanswered questions for the Kircher family who may never know what happened to Meredith that tragic night of the first of November 2007 I you

One In a Million: A CJD Documentary



The multiple award winning documentary about prion disease from Trevor Baierl.  If you need help or more information about prion disease, contact The CJD Foundation at cjdfoundation.org or the help line: 1-800-659-1991

This documentary was made possible with the help of The CJD Foundation, the Centers for Disease Control, UCSF Memory and Aging Center, Alberta Prion Research Institute, Prion Alliance, Soundfile Music and the entire CJD/Prion Disease community.

A big thank you to the IndieGoGo contributors who raised over $5000 to help cover travel costs.  Otherwise, this entire project was completed by the donation of time and effort – additional camera:  Jessi Marsh and Mary Daly.   Sound mixing:   Michael Keeley. Otherwise – Trevor did the writing, producing, shooting and editing.

hi my name is Trevor barrel I'm making a documentary about creutzfeldt-jakob disease the first time that I heard of CJD was in July of 2010 it was in October of 2011 December of 2002 oh I 17th 2012 the day of the diagnosis they have a diagnosis prion diseases or transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are a family of diseases that affect the brain and they can occur among animals and humans in humans the most common prion disease is Chris Vaughn Jakob disease creutzfeldt-jakob disease or CJD is a neuro degenerative brain disease speed and cruelty in which it kills is especially hard on the families because there's not much information readily available in April of 2013 my mom died from CJD about three months after she was diagnosed from her hospital bed she asked me to fight for her but I quickly realized that this is not just her fight or my fight but a fight for all the families that have suffered the loss of a loved one to the ravages of CJD this is why I'm telling my story so mom I'm gonna post this because there's people all over the world all over the world that love you because you're such a sweet person than so many people care about you you're an inspiration okay I love you hi Trevor its mom we're at a campground at the dunes in Orange County we'll be here through Saturday Gary knows what the schedule is more than I do and with the kids and where we're going to be and everything so give me a call when you have a chance lucky I Mary Sue riffle was born in 1945 in Niles Michigan she was the fifth of seven girls and she was four years old her parents bought their first house it had one bathroom after graduating high school she moved to Milwaukee got a job with Allstate Insurance that is where she met my dad they were married in 1965 they had two sons my older brother Gary and myself unfortunately my parents divorced in 1991 she remarried in 1994 and became a grandmother in 1998 these voicemails are the last memories of my mom before this cruel disease began to steal away everything that we take for granted she was on a cross-country RV trip visiting all of her grandkids she felt and looked good she returned home to Florida it was September when she started feeling off doctors began a series of tests but they couldn't come up with any answers see JD can be difficult to diagnose especially in the earlier stages of the disease it can mimic other diseases such as Alzheimer's disease or Parkinson's disease or any number of other dementing disorders because dementia is one of the primary symptoms of the illness heading where it starts it can look like a lot of other diseases it can look like other neurodegenerative diseases it can look like Alzheimers it can look like toxic diseases can look like MS it can look like aphasia or language disorders it can look like Parkinson's disease and related neurodegenerative diseases so I called the great mimicker because of that it can look like so many other diseases which sometimes makes the diagnosis pretty difficult she didn't tell me things were happening because she was concerned about me at work and then going to visit my dad for Thanksgiving and stuff so it wasn't until after Thanksgiving that she told me she was now using a walker and at that point you know I taught my brother had known for a little bit and so we talked about going to visit her you know for a Christmas or whatever and were discouraged from doing that then January she went for testing a few weeks after that when things started coming back so February happened when we finally made our trip and at that point she was using a walker but she needed help doing that let you go all by yourself in January he quit working his job kind of let him go he is a parts manager lots of parts numbers he started forgetting the parts one of the girls we know that does parts to she called for carburetor kits on and when he come back on the phone he talked to her about something totally different so John's always a practical joker so she thought she was jacking with him but he couldn't remember so they let him go you know they let him go so he laid on the couch and he kept saying my feet and legs are killing me my PTIN legs are killing me in 2010 a mysterious thing was going on in my family where my mom had just gotten like rapidly ill and the symptoms at the beginning of that year were just sort of a mixed bag of seemingly minor things her vision was blurry she was a little bit more forgetful than usual she got into like a sort of weird car crash where there seemed to be just sort of like a bad judgment call that no one could explain we had a relationship where we would talk on the phone pretty much daily sometimes multiple times a day depending on how busy and she was just telling me about you know some doctor's appointments that she had and how she had to go in for an MRI because she had been falling a lot and she was concerned about you know what direction her health was going in it starts out with someone coming home from work and they drive back by their house and they've forgotten where they're where their house was and they end up and you know another neighborhood had been lost and it's just sort of out of the blue there and have it any other problems and then we see this is just completely day-by-day this keeps getting worse they have memory problems they start having you know it's problems dealing with numbers calculating doing some of those things daily routines and things that they used to do all the time they're starting to have trouble doing her behavior was changing slightly we were noticing small differences in the way that she was acting I remember her doctors getting in touch with us meaning me and my brothers and telling us about that they suspected that she had a disease called CJD why should you care about a disease you've never heard of have you heard of Alzheimer's have you heard of Parkinson's ALS or Lou Gehrig's disease these are all diseases similar to CJD so with a much longer life expectancy breakthroughs and research in any of these diseases result in breakthroughs for all of them at first in March they thought he had Parkinson's disease so I couldn't get any answers from the doctors around here I'm not sure I kept saying we're gonna find this John we're gonna find out what's wrong so I called the Parkinson's disease foundation and I got hooked up with his specialist that specializes in that so when she was the one that diagnosed John with CJD and you stop and think my gosh how did it go from his feet and legs hurtin and then walk into his head you know to a fatal brain disease so that was shocking oh yes I got straight A's in my second quarter they don't know there's so many doctors that just don't know because they've never seen it before as he deal with that in a patient with a suspected prion disease diagnosis they could have several key symptoms one would be ataxia which is a muscular in coordination miok lowness which consists of involuntary jerking in vision changes which can manifest in in several different ways and of course one of the key symptoms that is almost universal in these patients is dementia have you got one times I will you grandma I miss you and I wish I could be there right now good luck best wishes and I'll see you soon love Joe hugs and kisses on the basis of all this she was taken to a neurologist especially as her sort of like forgetfulness and confusion increase and they didn't really know what was going on many things were sort of like tested for she got a spinal tap done on the suspicion that maybe this was an early stage prion disease it came back negative for the 1433 biomarker of prion disease they rolled it out kept searching for other things there are certain ways we can make the diagnosis clinically of diseases like CJD the EEG can sometimes show very specific abnormalities at the brainwave test and then certain spinal fluid tests as well can also there are certain proteins that might be elevated and then the MRI in many cases of CJD in most cases it will show very specific abnormalities yeah there's more variability in the genetic forms not all genetic forms will have abnormalities and we don't know when they begin but we think that the abnormalities on MRI most cases begin very early in the disease possibly even before the first obvious symptoms I hope you can't hear me I love you I hope you're having a good time in California I'm not too good I have Trevor laughing everything nice first nobody thinks it's CJD there's that it's just not what you think of you think of everything else before you come to that conclusion it's kind of what my mom went through where she they tested for everything they thought it was gonna be figured it was cancer because of the things that were happening and what they were reading and tests but they couldn't find any cancer and they couldn't find anything else wrong with her CJD becomes a diagnosis of elimination so we really have to rule out every other disease that is more common than CJD before we can even really come to that concludes our thought that this is is a prion disease so that means you've gone through multiple tests they were all coming back negative where they're coming back normal and nothing's wrong with you music music motivates people give me some help oh I'm gonna fix her some co2 yes she did you chewed on that sugar I don't remember what you don't I don't ever see if he ate sugar so to speak so drinking that cold just really made you energetic yes and if it wasn't on my grandfather's death certificate I don't know how long it would have taken them to say maybe it's CJD this is such a complicated disease it has no relevancy to what we know as human beings it's not cancer it's not AIDS it's not a disease that has been explored and taken apart and put back together again this is a disease that every time you come up with answers get morphs into something else what are you having trouble doing that you really want to do I wanna walk yeah yeah I hope to do it soon yeah yes her spirit was strong throughout you know and she kept even saying you know I just want to walk again I want to walk again so I gotta go home today you know right right honey that's all you're gonna say goodbye you could stay here I know but I have to go home for a little bit yeah I'm gonna take care of these go back to work for a little bit I'm gonna come back yeah yes come back I'll come back okay what are you gonna do long gone steep you're gonna sleep and you're gonna rest yeah exercise yeah cuz what do you want to do yeah when I learned that she likely had CJD I made the decision to take two months for work Family Medical Leave to be there for her and that's when we went to Baltimore as soon as I took off work we went to Baltimore scheduled a visit with dr. Brian Applebee's this was CJD that he studied at Johns Hopkins that was his focus area so you know things started to go downhill pretty rapidly after that a progression of these diseases is a hockey stick they start off really very very slowly probably early on and we don't even know for sure when they start how to detect them at that stage and then they reach a certain stage where they really do begin to turn up like the hockey stick and the the the rapidity the the slant on that hockey stick varies from the disease to disease so you're going along very slowly like this and then all of a sudden somebody says oh that looks kind of weird and so on prion diseases it's kind of goes up like that when you see it in Alzheimer's disease however it kind of goes up a bit more like that and then Parkinson's disease is probably even a little bit lower but they all go up her decline was just so rapid that by March she was like too confused to really carry on a conversation properly I by May she wasn't really talking coherently at all and she had lost so much muscle mass that she couldn't stand her walk she couldn't balance at the end of disease there is this progression towards what they call an akinetic mutism and so this is where the body just doesn't move it's like there's not a will to move the body and the person's alert it's not in the coma they're alert but they can't speak smile pretty for me you got a smile for me yeah that's my mom that's my mom I'm gonna say hi to Gary it was told to me my mom having CJD that she's gonna have these crazy mood swings hallucinations so she may just sort of act out and do things and they she may act out more towards people she loves I was I was preparing for these moments of my mom not acting like herself because she's very caring loving person and especially as she got older she would not yell curse you out or anything so and that the way that I was told to deal with it is to just be calm and talked to them don't give in to you know don't react to it so my mom's yelling at me and I just saying it's okay mom I love you you know it'll be okay I love you and she stared me dead in the eye and yell at me well I don't love you and it was it was not her there was just that was I would never hear that from her on her worst day she was the one who made me say over the phone I love you before hanging up honestly since she did that and going through all this it's changed that I do do that now with with family members and people it's it's because you don't want to not tell them when they when they know about it when when they can when their cognitive and can understand it you don't wanna be just saying that Flynn they're no longer here but at that moment was just it was literally like somebody had taken over her body and was making her speak and say these things and yell they can be verbal hallucinations or sounds and but they can usually are or a visual type thing where they're seeing someone who's not there where they're even seeing objects that aren't aren't there aren't seen by anyone and those can occur early on it made me think of how many times did somebody have some sort of dementia like that or CJD and was went through an exorcism or something like that because they're screaming these things out and the weird physical twitches and things that happen with this it honestly seem like like the disease wasn't maybe a demon or something and it took over and now you have a possession you know and and a way to explain what was happening to her in terms that people can understand because if you go she had these involuntary twitches and you know bodies and she's yelling stuff at you that's one thing but if you explain it like she was possessed people have a vision of what that is they can understand that so that sort of encompassed what I thought about what I was seeing so I watched the very rapid decline over those several weeks of her losing the ability to walk on her own take care of herself go to the bathroom and preparing her own food and eventually led to you know she was no longer able to speak anymore in the very end the bad news about this disease is that it's always fatal usually within one year at what we found is that almost 80% of cases died within one year almost half of those within six months we do have outliers that may survive a little bit over a year or even longer in some familial cases but the end result unfortunately is always the same you you can't say the wrong thing to a family you can't say oh they're gonna die that's why we're fortunate that we have people like Brian Appleby or jim law or michael Geschwind who know and our wonderful human beings and sympathetic and empathetic in every way when we give somebody a diagnosis of prion disease we don't want to be wrong because we're giving somebody a death sentence because we have no treatments no cures by the time we knew my mom had and started figuring out where's a place that does research on this and there's so few to get her to any of those places was impossible because she couldn't she couldn't really travel so to actually research it most of the research happens after somebody's dead and you have to do an autopsy and send and do the biopsy on the brain and send it off to the places that will study it the only way to confirm diagnosis for for prion diseases is true is by a by a whole brain autopsy and to do the whole brain on autopsy we have to get permission by the family and it has to be their choice to do it so and it's a difficult choice to make if the suspicion is CJD or a prion disease then we at the appropriate time we have to time it very carefully we'll talk to the family about autopsy the importance of autopsy first of all for the family they need to get clarification and to know yes this definitely was CJD or GSS or VPO whatever and from that they do the DNA was there a marker is there a mutation rather sometimes that mutation the patient is the index case there could have been a family history that no one knew and there's no way to find that out unless there's an autopsy my grandfather died in 1976 somehow his doctor was convinced that was cjd and this is just hearsay because obviously I was too young to remember any of this I have no recollection of my grandfather but but my dad did take care of him for a while and the story is that my grandfather drove himself to the hospital so he was physically capable he was just not mentally capable and the doctors refused to do an autopsy because the brain by biopsy in the autopsy is the only way you can confirm CJD but they were too afraid because it's also one way you can transfer it CTE can exist in three forms a sporadic familial and acquired the first form sporadic appears to occur spontaneously the familial form is genetic in nature and could be passed down from generation to generation finally the acquired form of CJD would include iatrogenic CJD for example something that could be passed through a neurosurgical procedure and that category would also include variant CJD which has been shown to be transmitted through ingestion of beef contaminated with bovine spongiform encephalopathy autopsy itself can be very useful not only to confirm the disease but also to identify a subtype the most notable example would be variant CJD vers sporadic CJD patients with variant CJD have a very unique brain analysis compared to sporadic CJD patients and you can distinguish one patient from the other based on that analysis getting back to my grandfather they were too afraid they were too afraid to study it didn't want to touch him but the doctor was so convinced that it was CJD that he did put it on on the death certificate I don't know why this doctor in 1976 said yes CJD it's kind of unbelievable the CJD foundation is another very valuable organization we first and foremost our patient family support that is our biggest role we drop everything if we get a call on the helpline CJD foundation was a great support for me and my family the helpline is available 24/7 amazingly there's only three of us volunteering after hours to answer the calls those messages come directly to my cell phone – Lori cell phone and also to our main office so we don't miss those and we work with the families the best way we can I mean we hold their hand this is what we do and I think we're good at it we can offer second opinion referrals and we have a list of physicians who are our angels and truly we'll see a referral from us the next day they'll work their schedule inside out to do that Florence was there for me a specific memory that comes to mind is when we were planning my mom's funeral arrangements at the funeral home they learned about the disease that my mom passed away from and they said that she couldn't have an open casket funeral so often when families call us they can't even put the words together they don't understand what's happening they've never heard of this disease they can't even say the words so you kind of have to pull him back from the ledge so I was on the phone with Florence and she helped me to coordinate the entire process and within hours the funeral home said we're sorry about that you can an open casket funeral for your mom and I just was really grateful for her support and in that moment which was a very difficult time for us this helpline really is a connector and those of us who answer the calls have walked the walk I mean we we know what families are experiencing and because of that we can be helpful and effective once my mom passed and we confirmed familial CJD I knew I had to help in any way I could I've been in touch with the University of California at San Francisco when we hope to get my mom to see some prion disease specialists they do full clinical research testing for people at high risk of prion disease a rush to get an appointment as soon as possible and made sure it was okay to bring my camera with me to document as much as I could I wanted to share as much as I could with the rest of my family there's no measure of hope there's no diagnosis no treatment no cure we need research we need to get some answers so yeah I'm going going to UCSF Tuesday I have to be there at 7 a.m. all right so I'm at ucsf memory and Ageing center all right so we're gonna go over the consent forms for the study today we're gonna start out by just talking a little bit about their research more generally and what we're looking for so dr. Michael Gershwin has been the primary investigator on this study he's been doing Studies on human prion disease and CJD for the past 15 years or so they have information on my mom already but they want everyone in the family to do it so they can kind of see because then they still don't know what they're looking for they have ideas but they don't know what they're looking for so if they can get everyone in the family they might be able to get an idea of like oh look at all these things that we never thought of that are the same or look at these things that we didn't think of and my mom had this that was different from the rest of us and that's why nobody else has developed CJD and she did the current grant that we're working on what's called early diagnosis of human prion disease and so what we're looking for as I'm sure you you're aware of it's early the earliest signs of change in people have prion disease or people who have the genetic mutation that causes genetic prion disease currently there aren't a whole lot of good ways to diagnose CJD and as you have it you have experience with people are often quite sick by the time they get a correct diagnosis so we're especially interested in looking at people who are at risk for our genetic prion disease who know they have the mutation and then we also do see people who are symptomatic both for genetic and sporadic prion disease and we're mainly looking for upgraded and downregulated proteins and the spinal fluid or blood changes on MRI and any other changes we might be able to see through through the tests that we do over the next two days two days of testing basically it's gonna happen what I'm realizing is it's all the testing that my mom went through when they were trying to figure out what was wrong with her because they're gonna do CT the MRI spinal tap and other stuff and then blood tests and the blood test is what tip is the genetic test but that takes weeks but the other stuff they basically just get a basis of like what my brain is doing and what my body is like right after this you'll be having a brain MRI this strength of the magnet is 3 Tesla what that means is usually if you had an MRI in a hospital I'd be 1.5 tesla so this is a much stronger magnet the other RI that you won't be having a 7 Tesla sits even stronger than that that's a just a research MRI there are very few 3 Tesla machines around the country and maybe a handful of 7-tesla machine the brain scan will show the deterioration because essentially what the CJD does is it creates holes in your brain the basically the the big breakthrough that this UCSF professor and when the Nobel Prize for Stanley prisoner he developed the prion Theory prion is a protein that has changed so the proteins your brain or I'll doing their thing and suddenly one decides no you know what I'm gonna fold the other way and then the rest of the one I'll the other one start folding the other way you have a couple of normal proteins that look like this they're going around they have a three-dimensional structure that's really important to what they do and then perhaps spontaneously perhaps otherwise one of these proteins goes bad and it goes to a form that no longer functions and can cause some damage now that happens in prion diseases and it happens in other diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease these proteins can fold in an incorrect manner and for whatever reason that Mis folded protein causes other proteins to miss fold as well and so they continue to accumulate in this process of accumulation leads to a deterioration of the brain essentially for the last 25 or 30 years we've known in prion diseases protein like this it goes bad it meets a normal protein and causes it to go bad and then those two go off and meet another normal protein and causes another one to go bad and you get a chain reaction going on and that's a very important difference in how this is happening and it makes a big difference in how you might approach dealing with the disease from my understanding and again I'm gonna learn a lot more when I go up there and they're gonna explain things to me but depending on where it starts it'll affect how your body responds to it so if it if it starts in the memory area of your brain you're gonna lose your memory first if it happens in motor functions you're not gonna be able to walk and do things if it starts with sight you may not be able to see you know it just depends on where we're in the brain the holes begin because then the brain can't function where the holes are it seems pretty simple in theory the question is why do the proteins decide to change into prions and become something different and how do you stop me from doing it I do this evening or tomorrow morning depending on their schedule you'll have any eg if you ever happen to pose before hey I'm actually not sure if I so that's the one where they put kind of this sandy glue on an electrode and they go them to your scalp and then they kind of wrap them up so they stay in place and then you sit there for about an hour and a half and they're measuring the electrical activity of your brain so one of the things that is in an indicator of CJD in some people is kind of these slow sharp waves that usually happens toward the end of the dizzies course and people who are already sick but we given the EEG on anybody who comes in again just looking for any change at all sure and a little later today I'll have some neuropsychological and cognitive testing with my co-workers family you'll meet in a little bit that basically is a series of questions some of them will be very easy some of them will be a lot more challenging what season is it right now summer and what is more baseball season yes exactly my favorite yeah just to kind of get a baseline of where you're at cognitively right now okay um like I mentioned there'll be a blood draw that'll be when we get to the hospital later this afternoon um you'll be taking about ten small tubes of blood looks like a lot more blood than it is it actually isn't that much blood but it does look like quite a bit um the purpose of that Bloods of three tubes go to our research so we store them for and later researcher to talk to tubes go to the National prion disease center and that's where they do the genetic testing they will do the same blood tests that my mom did that we found out that she had the genetic marker the mutation they can do that test and not tell me obviously it's up to me whether or not I want to know and they discourage people from from learning because it can either way it can affect you started with an MRI next is cognitive testing where are we right now in generals University California San Francisco I believe we're at the memory and Ageing Center what floor of the building are we on right now we're on the first floor now what city are we in in San Francisco so far everyone's great is what you would go through and they'd be looking for stuff if I was symptomatic at this point but I'm not don't even know that I have it what is this that is a pen what is this that is a watch I'm gonna say a phrase and I want you to just repeat it back to me okay no ifs ands or buts no if ands or buts I want you to take this piece of paper in your right hand fold it in half and place it on the table and can you read this and do it it's that close your eyes and you look inside my mind you're gonna find a lot of useless cartoon references I don't know why I have these things stored in my memory but I do I can remember the names of Seinfeld characters better than people I meet so when the cognitive tests focused on my short-term memory becomes nerve-wracking but I can't begin to imagine what it's like for a dementia patient to feel like every moment is a test like this so now what I'm gonna do I'm gonna read a list of words to you and I'm gonna read it to you several times and after each time that I read it to you I want you to tell me as many words as you can from the list and don't worry about what order they're in just try to get as many as you can okay so truck spinach giraffe bookcase onion motorcycle cabinet zebra subway lamp celery cow desk boat squirrel cabbage go ahead cabbage boat horse onion spinach cabinet desk that damn swallow keeps back yeah that's probably I'm good for right now okay after re-watching this test i remembered a video I took of my mom she struggled with seemingly easy questions and even began to guess when I pushed her who did I have lunch with today watch with your sister today yes which was Helen and Barbara Helen that pat was there these passes here right visit for oh yes yeah she lives in your house not where you live but you own the house that she lives in yeah yeah and did another sister come down to visit you so in one of your younger sisters come to visit Wendy yes No kak okay dad yes yes she knew all of her sisters names but she couldn't remember who visited her the day before she knew I was taping her and quizzing her so she put up a brave front but it had to be terrifying I was scared trying to remember random objects from a list this was her life bad enough okay I'll say buddy Gary bye Gary it's nice it's definitely official in the hospital I waited for my next round of tests but I didn't have the anxiety of waiting for a doctor to tell me what was wrong with me still I couldn't help but think of my mother what did she think when she went through this okay touch my finger with your index finger and touch your nose go back to my finger the physical tests reminded me of the videos I saw of patients diagnosed with CJD except I could touch the doctor's finger and then my nose as watch from the video the doctor tests my motor skills began to think that no one would be interested in this that was until I saw a Parkinson's patient go through the same test in a documentary that's when it hit me take the dementia of Alzheimer's and loss of motor skills and Parkinson's and you start to understand CJD in prion diseases we've known for a long time that the diseases can move from cell to cell researchers have found that the proteins that go bad in Alzheimer's disease or Parkinson's disease they're not prion proteins there are different proteins but when they miss fold and B go rogue as I sometimes say it turns out that they can travel from cell to cell this overlap can be extremely helpful in understanding more about prion disease but also more about Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease and for the Alzheimer's and Parkinson's people it gives a new way for them to look at that disease so this mutual interaction is really good it's time to sit down with dr. Gershwin for my in-depth lesson on prion diseases human prion diseases we tend to divide them into three types based on sort of how they occur and the most common form is the spontaneous form which we call sporadic CJD and then the next most common are hereditary familial forms which are about 10 to 15% of all cases and then far less than 1% are acquired the most common ones that people might know about today are variant CJD that people have gotten from exposure to BSE or mad cow disease and the incidence of prion diseases are about one per million per year so in a country like the US with over 300 million people we would expect more than 300 cases per year and we do we get that we get anywhere from 250 to 400 a year and it varies from year to year that's there's just this natural variation that incidence is across the entire age population from infants up to the very elderly the statistics are one case per million per population worldwide we don't believe that we feel there's many more cases that some cases are not diagnosed some patients are misdiagnosed or Families there's no diagnosis then families look up symptoms online and it could be post-mortem call us and say I know this is what my loved one died of so it's important to really get those statistics and the CDC keeps the numbers they go off of death certificates looking at the death certificates is a pretty good source of information about what's going on in the country in any given year of course it's not 100% complete because some patients may not have CJD written on their death certificate and so we supplement with other sources and what we found is that we've added a few cases year after year from data that we see from other sources most notably the National prion disease pathology surveillance Center every country that has prion diseases has a surveillance Center and ours is located at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland Ohio and it is working under or with the Centers for Disease Control they are funded from Congress there's more prion disease than the numbers suggest there's a lot of people who die who's you know you know it's it's a horrifying process it's a horrifying disease course and way to lose somebody and not every family wants to have an autopsy wants to pursue a diagnosis after that point the surveillance of this disease is critical we need to know what's happening here prion diseases can look really different from one another and so it's not a clean sort of like bucket of symptoms it's not a trivial thing to diagnose because the prion diseases don't occur it occur equally across the age spectrum a person's lifetime risk of dying from CJD is much higher than the incidence of one per million per year wait what did he just say a person's lifetime risk of dying from CJD is much higher than the incidence of one per million per year so if I looked at an individual and say what's their lifetime risk of getting CJD it's much higher than the incidence of 1.1 per million per year so and the way we calculate a person's lifetime risk is we look at deaths from CJD per year over total deaths and that's how we sort of make that type of calculation we estimate that a person's risk of dying from CJD is about one in 10,000 maybe one in 60,000 is a rough estimate the disease is 100% fatal and usually kills within a year so 250 to 400 cases per year also equal about 250 to 400 deaths per year in the United States of course that number will fluctuate somewhat in some years we may see more than 400 cases in other years we may see less than a 300 according to the CDC statistics less than 2.5 million deaths occur each year since everyone dies at some point and 250 to 400 will die from prion diseases each year in the United States the complicated math is simplified because we were talking about an untreatable and incurable disease one in a million doesn't hold up it is still a rare disease there's no question about that but if you look at a person's lifetime risk of dying from CJD that one in a million it doesn't really help my attitude having gone through the year of my mom's illness was these things are just too rare like no one cares there aren't even doctors who know about this if you don't have a loved one that experiences a random sounding disease what's your incentive to learn about it I mean there are a lot of bad ways to die but my mom was 52 we had no idea what was going on and I didn't know a lot of people who could relate to that and then to be put in this like genetic testing situation was like I think a lot of people didn't know how to think about it they were looking at me and saying but you're healthy and like everything seems like like it's fine we'll talk a little bit about the genetics now yeah so genes are a part of your chromosomes you get one part of the chromosome from your mom and one part for your father and the chromosome is comprised of strands of DNA very tightly wound DNA this piece of DNA is thousands of genes in it and the gene encodes a protein the shape of a protein really is a major plays a major role in them and how that protein functions most proteins fold when they fold into a very specific shape and that shape determines their function and if that shape isn't correct that protein won't work right or maybe not only want to work right it might actually cause harm in sporadic disease we think this is a spontaneous event and in genetic forms of prion disease there's an error in the gene a mutation or an error that makes this protein more susceptible to misfolding here's a model of where one parent is affected with a mutation prion disease genetic forms of prion disease so each child is 50% at risk the CJD mutation is a dominant gene like brown hair or freckles I have both so I have a 50/50 chance of receiving the mutation because we know my mom carried it there more than probably 40 mutations that are known to cause genetic prion disease it felt like a lot of odds were stacked against us because these diseases are so rare in the first place like even looking at all prion diseases not just ffs I like one person per million per year was not it didn't rise to the level where this was like a strongly suspected diagnosis for my mom so then it turns out to be prion disease the odds of it being genetic given that diagnosis we're like 10 percent we think so then it turns out to be genetic and then my odds have been having inherited the disease allele 50% and then it turns out that I did so throughout the whole chain it just felt like our luck was just incalculably bad if we find a mutation we can say that with pretty high assurance that person will die of CJD before they're gonna die of something else right there are those people who want to tell us that you know this isn't such a big deal I could get hit by a bus tomorrow none of us knows what's gonna happen to us and I'm not that fond of that I don't think we should make light of the fact that you know having this mutation versus not having it is like a 30-year difference in life expectancy that's kind of a big deal you know so yeah and this is less likely to get hit by a bus tomorrow because I have this genetic mutation those risks are all still the same for me too so it's it's not like I made some like bargain with the devil where I'm immune to everything else and then gonna die of this disease when I'm 50 like that's not a thing sitting with dr. Gershwin in in the consultation I had to really think about again what do I want to know do I want to know whether or not I carry the the mutation or not in terms of getting the genetic test there are benefits and limitations to genetic testing we discourage people from getting their own genetic results until they're absolutely sure because once you get that result you can never take that back right now there's no treatment or prevention we don't know of anything that can defend Lee Tree to prevent it and so at this point I usually like to ask people what they want I find more reasons to find out than I do to not find out what would be the negatives for finding out well then there's there's that fear of knowing what's gonna happen if if I do have it mm-hmm I've and I know this sounds silly and stupid but nearly all my life since I knew that my grandfather died from CJD and a little bit that I knew about it I just thought of it as this disease that eats away at your brain I just had a feeling that that was how I was gonna go hmm it's just been a weird thing and I've said it and I've made jokes about it and all these things but I've always felt it and I really didn't understand the genetics I you know at that point sure I thought it was maybe something that can skip generations or what I you know I didn't quite understand so that's the tough part so then there's also how does it affect my brother being the only sibling you know what does that mean if if I do or don't is that because it really doesn't matter it's a 50/50 chance either way it does not matter it does not matter so no I there's psychologically a my it does yeah it does in your own mind in fact or is it yeah right so you know it's just a matter of thinking about all these things but I'm I'm a person that likes to know I mean obviously I ask a lot of questions I like to know I don't I've you know I moved away from my small town went to go do what I want to do I I chase things down I don't run from him so that feels like the way to go is to find out like I said I almost feel like I already know that I have it so I guess in a weird way it could almost be a bigger relief to find out that I don't carry it then the negative of finding out that I do it wasn't until we started talking to other people family friends that we even realized of course there's the alternative to not get tested that never would have occurred to us yeah I think we both are immediately we have to know there's a 50% chance we can just forget about this and never worry about it again yeah yeah or there's a 50% chance we could at least know and not be wondering I think I feeling was the question has now been raised and nothing's gonna make that go away we could choose the answer we could choose not to answer it but we'll have this question with us for as long as we live I left San Francisco knowing they wouldn't have my results for at least a few weeks so I packed for my next trip leaving for DC tomorrow so that'll be the CJD conferences put on by the CJD foundation the conference this is the 12th year it's always held in Washington DC there we are day one office we realized there was a need to bring families together face to face and for them to be able to hear the research coming from the researchers they put together a conference so that families can meet they can do group therapy sessions group counseling they can learn about the breakthroughs and interact with each other but what they they value most of all was they call it a safe space we've got a lot of fragile people showing up we one year had a man who had lost his wife two weeks before the conference so I was awed by his bravery and you know many people come alone which again how brave are these people they've been through hell and now our just coming out the other side and are intrigued and interested enough to want to learn about this awful disease that change their lives because with the disease there's not that many people that understand because there's not a lot of groups out there and there's not enough awareness of it so you don't know where to go so this is a place for families and those affected to go and meet and grieve and learn and heal all those things that need to happen seriously emotional we've had researchers break down in tears a lot of families do the same but that tells you the heart and soul of the work that's being done and the families come not knowing what to expect we're not knowing what emotional reaction they might have and I say this every year cuz it's true when I stand up to give my welcome first thing on Saturday morning it's it's an experience that it's overwhelming it's palpable it's physical because here I am in a room filled with people who've experienced exactly what I have they know how I feel and I don't have to explain my heart was broken the conference was unbelievable I've never been to anything like that before a over wealth of information so mind-boggling i sat at a table and there was two other ladies that lost their husband the same timeframe that I lost John one was three days later the other one was a week later same timeframe on the diagnosis it's just you know when you're out there you think it's only you as a foundation we were instrumental in being used as a template for sister organizations around the world and so our work is being done all around the world we get calls on our helpline from many many countries China India a Mexico South America kind of said we can refer them to a list of physicians that we've developed around the world or to one of our sister organizations and they in turn do the same thing we also work very hard a political advocacy we go up on Capitol Hill two to three times a year to talk about what prion diseases are how important they are and the surveillance of prion diseases to see whether any new diseases are developing which they have so we asked for money from Congress to go to the CDC to filter into the research world especially the surveillance Center the National prion disease pathology surveillance Center was actually established by the Centers for Disease Control in collaboration with the American Association of neuropathology back in the 90s with the goal of facilitating neuropathology for suspected or diagnosed cases of prion disease and so this Center in essence serves to confirm these diseases there is no dedicated prion lab here on the CDC campus so we work very closely with the National prion center for disease confirmation CJD is not a nationally reportable disease it's not so it's not mandated in every state that you report CJD and Texas is one of the states that does this is the only surveillance Center and the knighted States in Cleveland you only have one to cover fifty states it's always important to talk about the need for congressional funding because if the CDC money doesn't get put into the hopper here then the surveillance center doesn't get funded it's the thing I'm looking forward to the most is Monday when we storm the Capitol Capitol Hill how intimidating is it to be an American citizen and be going to Capitol Hill to actually meet with your congressional representative Congress and Senate oh my gosh talk about intimidation we don't meet with the members occasionally we do but the staffers are really the ones you want to meet with because they're the ones taking notes and talking about it with their members first meeting the other day is Barbara Boxer staff Emily Katz so I'm here with Michelle and Gary and so we're gonna get going we're here we're on Capitol Hill to keep research funds for our disease and everything like that so that's a far cry from Indiana let me tell you we have a meeting at 10:00 try to make sure that we get our funding for the National prion disease surveillance it's an important center because our last defense for detecting cream of the season very good first time actually on Capitol Hill been around it how exciting they're quick visits I know that because they're lined up basically every hour so I think we just have a small group that gets to come in and and says make sure you provide funding so that we can keep researching and and you know fight the fight all right the waiting room waiting for a meeting with senator boxer very exciting so we meet with the Emily cats who's disappoints she's obviously staff of a Senator Barbara Boxer I don't know the fact that her title she's I didn't see anybody yeah yeah so yes we can ask that Jesus either register respondent or a legislative director or staff assistant so yeah yeah and I saw that she likes Seinfeld so okay so I'm Gilson how do I look they're up on Facebook oh my just suggestion yesterday was to look him up I'm tasting you a little info on Oh huh and so I did so I'm like Alex but I think they've gotten savvy did that and they don't have a lot of public info on their on their pages they probably know but I saw Ciara she she had a Festivus I chose not to record the meetings because it might be distracting I wasn't there to make a movie we were delivering a message we need the National prion disease pathology surveillance center and Congress needs to insure its funding the appropriation subcommittee is where the rubber hits the road seriously so it's important for our families to go to their representatives because they may not serve on a committee that has the deciding vote on the funding but they are part of the voting body as a whole so because we're small we can only target and you know spend one or two days on Capitol Hill but our families really make a difference it's just amazing who would go to see Maxine Waters Maxine Waters has written legislation for Alzheimer's and Alzheimer's care and patient rights and things like that if I can get her to expand her view a little bit beyond just Alzheimer's which is what I wrote to her you know that that she can be a big advocate senator Feinstein has written me back already she is a big proponent of health care and health care issues senator Feinstein is on one of the committees that oversees budgetary funding for the National Institute of Health ni NIH which is the one who provides the federal grants to UCSF so that they can do their research their research is a combination of federal funding and then private donations the federal funding is restricted on what they can do obviously if it's private donations they can use it however they need to but there's more oversight when it's the federal funds since I voted for each of the well the two senators and the one congressional representative it's about time they did something for me a constituent so at least they're you know they're gonna listen I've written every single one of them a letter explaining you know why I'm why I'm an advocate for for the research and the funding so hopefully they they can actually put a face and a name together on my end which would be kind of cool you know it kind of makes you know that you these are human beings it's not Congress it's made up of people some care some don't care some are stars and we've been fortunate we have good friends when John died I said we're gonna have a walk next year and we are going to raise money and awareness for CJD many families have wanted to raise money they want to do something to make a difference so many years ago we started out with them one family offering a small research grant through the foundation the fundraising efforts of families are remarkable because there's passion this is their donation and their gift to their loved one memory of John Chancellor as you guys know that CJD is a fatal neurological brain disease and which there's no treatment or cure and play we're out here today it's gonna be a celebration we're not gonna cry we're going to turn our negative or negative breathe into positive energy we're gonna be out here to celebrate we're raising money to get a research grant we have research grants and those are named for the loved one the family member who is donating the money they are asked to give $10,000 if we would raise $10,000 the CJD Foundation would match us $10,000 they can do it either over a period of four years but do it in two years or just give it all at one time but once you've established that with the first check we match it or we clump research grants together and we give out a significant award so last year it was for awards at $40,000 each we did we did it I am I'm happy I'm elated we did it we got the grant we got the grant it's unofficial but we got the grant we did what we set out to do we raised over $10,000 what I would take anything to have John back to pick him up out of the recliner and put him in a wheelchair yeah what do you want to be that way no so I know he's happy sends me signs but at the same time I got to go out and raise awareness we got to raise awareness the doctors aren't doing it so who's left to do it us we're left I released two balloons one for my grandfather and one for my mom raising awareness is the major reason for doing this documentary awareness not only for families but for the medical community as well I think the biggest thing is awareness you know doctors aren't thinking of fine prion disease they're not gonna diagnose prion disease what we discovered in our work is that medical schools teach neurologists or their students the residents about creutzfeldt-jakob disease and prion diseases and maybe you know one lecture at one moment in time and then and I'm very I'm generalizing because this is not always the case they may see a patient and not recognize the disease because this is very hard to diagnose and it presents as it could be a number of diseases and truthfully this is the last thing the neurologist wants to to diagnose since this is a very rare disease there is very little opportunity to get research done but it's an exciting area of science it's a tough area of science it's unrealistic to tell people that it's not a tough area of science I am not even close to being a scientist so when Sonia and Eric told me their story I was in awe but I also understood if you aren't willing to help yourself then who will so the story that brings us into the prion field um starts in 2010 when we were on very different life trajectories we've moved to boss them together so that Eric could go to school for City Planning and I went to law school and as those enterprises were wrapping up and we were jumping into jobs my mom had just gotten like rapidly ill but it was in October of 2011 that we learned from my dad that the results had come back and that it was a prion disease but it was actually a genetic form of prion disease a fatal familial insomnia fatal familial insomnia or ffs I was most notably described in the book the families that couldn't sleep by d-t max I didn't have like a vision that I was changing careers definitely not if anything I thought like this is like an odd moment where I need to take sort of a step back and gather this information cuz that seemed I seem compelled to do that and the two of us are gonna need to be like savvy consumers of scientific information for the rest of our lives and we can't really count on sort of like our point people in the medical establishment to know much about prion disease this is where it comes into play that we were just like extraordinarily lucky to live in Cambridge Mass I'd like walk down the street to MIT and like walk up the front steps and go to class and I walked into a lot of lectures where I don't think I looked significantly older than like the average person in the room and so I would just like hang out in the back and like no one stopped me I also went to seminars and and smaller classes on molecular basis of human disease and genetics and protein misfolding meanwhile during all this I you know so I'd studied City Planning I was kind of doing computational stuff and I was in a job in a consulting firm where I was mostly writing software so I figured is there some way I can apply this skillset to biology and genetics starting out from a place of maybe remembering 25% of high school biology so enrolled in a night class at Harvard Extension school was learning some bioinformatics did a little end-of-semester project ended up sort of deciding to go on the job market and it was a harder decision for me than Sonya I think cuz I actually really liked the job that I was in was all due respect to my colleagues with my hair color often it's the young people who say why is it that way that makes things move forward and so one of the things that we try to do as much as we can is make sure that these Institute that the young people get lots of opportunity to get involved and exposed to the international community also and those are often the people who can sort of lead you down a way that you hadn't thought about that's a very positive thing in science so in 2012 as we were changing careers we also started a nonprofit called prion Alliance which has a scientific and research focus and the goal is really to fundraise to support research and otherwise facilitate research towards prion therapeutics Alzheimer's and Parkinson's are universal scourges of fear Li's urged numbers creutzfeldt-jakob disease is a universal scourge – I hate to say it but it just doesn't attract as much interest because it's unfortunately not as now doesn't affect people like Alzheimer's Parkinson's and some of these other diseases but they're gonna learn from us it's hard to find good information about prion disease and so it seems like having our own website and blogging was maybe the best way to get some good information out there to people but the main goal of prion Alliance is and always has been to to fund research and to the extent that we can you know to catalyze research to to convince people to make things more open more collaborative share things more freely at the moments my lab has two major international collaborations one is with another laboratory in Cleveland at Case Western Reserve University where we think we found some sort of protective mechanism in the brain is triggered by prion disease we didn't really know it was there before but with some of these special analytical techniques we found out that something's going on we didn't the research community that works on prion diseases is really a vast international web very few people do these things alone the diseases are too complex too difficult for individuals to just kind of do their own thing individuals have some really good ideas but in order to tackle some of these rather complex questions you often get many people kind of taking a piece of the problem contributing the expertise that they have there's a lot of so for treatments there's a lot of potential for new diagnostic tests and an advancement in science which ultimately should help us find ways of helping patients who get these types of diseases if we're under estimating the numbers of people who stand to benefit then we're not we're not putting our best foot forward to make a case for researchers time and the government's money and all of these things to be put into this cause these are extremely difficult problems in biology they're not easy if they've been easy they've been solved long ago and so every new way that we could look at them there's a really positive thing so we think we're in the right area we've got to drill down a bit more to understand that but these these things you know you could literally switch you from saying good stopping disease to something that's not going to stop the disease it's been a year since that first meeting with dr. Gershwin and I've learned a lot about prion disease but I still have one question that I need to get an answer to I'm in San Francisco today's the day I will find out at 3 o'clock today and the waiting will be over at least I'll know which is then the whole purpose my goal throughout this journey is to learn and then to find out so we're almost there this is the final chapter all right so I'm on campus now got about an hour until I find out get the results yeah building right over there not putting my dad and stepmom are here giving me support I want to know I know that I want to know we've had so many discussions about whether or not I need to know and I do need to know so today is the day you talk about dr. Gershwin again and either get some really great news or honestly the thing that I've been expected I'm been expecting the positive results which is which is the opposite of what it sounds like but that's that's how medicine is I that's a big part of finding out right now so I can get going you have to wait anymore wondering who's wondering the hardest part that nauseous last couple of days nothing I got some great people support me and it's been a crazy journey it's been almost exactly a year since I would came here this first time and now I get to find out so the point of this visit obviously is for you to get your genetic results and we're gonna open up the envelope but we're gonna find out at the same time what your results are by the way I was telling them how you make me feel so comfortable about this and you know it just makes the whole thing a lot easier because I I want to know you know that's the whole thing I want to know and hearing it from somebody that I respect and trust and you know puts me and puts me at ease so that's I'm glad to hear that you know it's it's hard for anybody sitting here and on both sides I think we're ready to open the envelope if you're ready I have been ready for a while so so you do have the mutation the e 200k unfortunately and its 129 V so that means you have a somewhat unusual there are very few people who have a 200k with V on the same chromosome that's a much smaller population than e to hundred K and M you

New Money: The Greatest Wealth Creation Event in History (2019) – Full Documentary



►►To learn more about Dr. Steve Sjuggerud’s favorite China investment recommendations right now, go to

Why is one misunderstood nation now the source of more millionaires and billionaires than anywhere else on earth? And why does America’s mainstream press ignore this story? Join entrepreneur and legendary investor Steve Sjuggerud, as he explores this mysterious place, and explains how it now offers what he calls: “The Greatest Moneymaking Opportunity of Our Lifetimes.”

(dramatic music) – What if I told you
there's a magical but completely
misunderstood place, where seemingly
all the smart money in the world is
beginning to flow. – You walk down the street,
you go to a different city, and you say, my God,
last time I was here, five years ago, none
of this was here. – It's a place where people
are getting wealthier like never before. Where more millionaires and
billionaires are being created than anywhere else on earth. – That transformation is
probably the most rapid and significant, I think
in humankind, ever. – It will probably
come as no surprise, that the world's richest and
most successful individuals have already discovered
this miraculous place. People like Warren Buffet,
Charlie Munger, Bill Gates, George Soros, Elon Musk, Jeff
Bezos, Jim Rogers and more. And the money being
made here is incredible. I'll share how one
man, for example, even found a clever way to turn $200 into a
$1 million payday. – In my personal opinion, I think this is once in a
million years opportunity. – But here's the irony, in
this land of vast new riches, money no longer exists
in the traditional sense. There's never a line at the
few remaining ATM machines, no one carries a wallet and
fewer still write checks or carry dollar bills,
credit cards or coins. Instead, there's
a radical new type of currency exchange used
to pay for everything. – I don't need to
carry a wallet at all. I mean literally,
no cash at all. – So you don't carry any cash? – No, no, I can
live like every day. – No credit cards?
– No, no. – You're about to see
this place in person. I'm going to take you there. And as you'll see, in many
ways it's more advanced than anything you're
probably familiar with. You'll see stores
without employees, buses that drive themselves, facial recognition
security and a string of other new
breakthroughs and trends that are light years
ahead of where you live. – This technology
and product hunger is really unparalleled. It's not seen
anytime, anywhere else in the world and in history. – But what really sets this
place apart is the money. Both the money pouring in
and the money being made. – There is the greatest
wealth creation event in the history of
the world, frankly, happening right here, right now. – Now to truly understand
and take advantage of what's happening here, you really have to see
this place for yourself. So I'm about to give
you that opportunity as I take you there in person, to show you the most
misunderstood place in the world and the greatest money-making
opportunity of our lifetimes. (dramatic music) Hi, my name is Steve Sjuggerud, I'm a former hedge fund manager but I'm excited today
to play tour guide and take you on this
incredible adventure. Right now, I'm at
the Newark Airport, I left my island home in
Florida early this morning and now I'm about
to hop on a plane and take you to this place
where so much money is flowing, so much wealth is being created and where you really can get
a glimpse into the future. But before we go forward,
you need to first step back. (dramatic music) This is a journey that I
started more than 20 years ago and have continued many
times in recent years. Every time I come here,
I'm even more amazed. What I've realized is there's
never been a bigger distortion between perception and reality
than I see in this place, right here, right now. What people think about this
place is nothing even close to what it really is,
or what it's becoming. So what is this place that
I've been talking about? (tense music) Well as you can probably tell
from what you see behind me. We are in China. I'm standing on the
Great Wall of China in a place called Mutianyu, roughly 50 miles
north of Beijing. This section of the
wall was built beginning more than 600 years
ago, back in the 1300s. Isn't this place incredible? On a clear day, you can
see for over 20 miles. But here's the incredible thing. China is not only
radically different from the place it
was 600 years ago. It is also completely
different from the place it was just a generation ago, even from a political
point of view. – They call
themselves communists, but they are probably
the best capitalists in the world in 2018/2019. California is more
communist than China is, Massachusetts is more
communist than China. – And this incredible adaptation of capitalism has
transformed the country in just a single generation. People who are my age,
in their 40s and 50s, grew up in a very
different time. In Beijing, I met with a
successful hedge fund manager and the stories he told
me were incredible. – When I was a kid,
when I read book, we do not have
electricity, at the night, I need to use candle. – I heard the same
story again and again as I met with some of China's
most successful people. – When I grew up, which
was, I was born in '75, and lived in China
til the age of 10, in Guangdong Province
which is fairly poor. The fact that everyone
was poor in China. And we still had to
have rations, you know, like coupons for meat, for eggs, for material to
make clothing with and you're lucky if you had
one new outfit per year. – Coupons.
– Yes, exactly. (bright music) – Fast forward 40 years
and here is a glimpse of China today, after years
of lightening fast growth. (upbeat music) Investing legend Jim Rogers
has been here all along and watched that explosive
growth happen firsthand. – First came here in
1984, I was terrified, because I'd been listening
to American propaganda, the Chinese were evil, vicious, dangerous, blood-thirsty people. Didn't take me long of
traveling around China to find out they're disciplined, educated, ambitious,
hard working. – Jim Rogers probably
knows China more deeply than any other American today. When he came here
in the early '80s, he traveled the entire
country by motorcycle, not once but twice. He'll never forget what he saw. – I mean, it was amazing, everybody was up early,
working and they didn't stop. They worked all
day and all night, they were saving, they
were recycling everything. They weren't doing it to to
be, to save the environment. They were doing it to
make money in those days. And I could just see,
it was everywhere, I could see the
sense of education, I could see the ambition, I could see the sense that our children should
have a better life. I mean, it was just everywhere. (gentle music) – Peter Churchouse
is another person who has seen China
like few others. He's a successful businessman
who arrived in Hong Kong in 1980 and soon went on to run Morgan Stanley's
Asia division. He was there long before the
explosive growth of China and he's seen it all
happen firsthand. – I came to Hong Kong in 1980, so I've been here
nearly 39 years now. I came to help build a new town in the new territories
in Hong Kong. And at that time,
Shenzhen, which is the city just north of Hong Kong,
that city was not a city, it was a village of
about 300,000 people. And you walked around that
village, there were people, blacksmiths beating charcoal
implements in the street. There were no buses,
no taxis, no cars. (upbeat techno music) Now it's city of
11 million people, it's the center of the biggest
manufacturing conglomeration in the planet. That area now had a GDP
roughly the size of Russia. – Wow. – Slightly smaller than Spain. And there was nothing, it
had nothing 38 years ago. So that's kind of–
– It's home to potentially the highest tech
company in the world. – Oh, yes, I mean, so many
of the China and European and American tech companies
have their operations based in that area. 66 million people in
that area right now. It has the biggest manufacturing
center in the world. It has 400 million
air passengers flying
through that place. – So why does so few
Americans know the truth about what's happening
in China today. – Most Americans really
know what they know about China through
the lens of the media. – China is really going in
extremely dangerous directions. – This is a country that is
ripping off the United States. – The biggest threat,
obviously, is China. – So you end up having sort
of a warped view on China, that tends to have
more negative. Not structural,
it's not malicious and so I think a lot of
Americans can be excused for having certain
preconceptions about
what China's like. – What I tell Americans
about the negative press, is I think the media
does a disservice. There's a lot of, you know,
misperceptions around China. But what's really
happening in China is this is their moment. They are now a global power. They're the second largest
economy in the world, will be the largest. – The first time I came to
China, it was in the early 1990s and I was in Shanghai and I went to the old Shanghai
Stock Exchange which, I went in and they said,
"No pictures, no pictures." At first I thought it
was for security reasons, they didn't want any
pictures in the stock market. But instead I realized,
they didn't want people to see how dingy the
Shanghai Stock Exchange was. And a couple blocks
away, on the Bund I went to a meeting with a company
called Shanghai Lujiazui Finance and Trade Zone
Development Company. They said, "This is what
Pudong is going to look like "in a very short
period of time." There was nothing there. So how you could go from
essentially nothing in Pudong to Manhattan in 10 years,
I said, there's no way. This is impossible,
this would never happen. (upbeat music) And I've never been more
wrong about anything in the investment
world in my life. The changes that I saw
from the early '90s, over the next 10 years
were extraordinary and the pace of change
has never stopped. – One of the reasons why things
happen so much faster here than what we're
used to at home is because China is
still in the midst of what some economists describe as they're economic
take-off phase. This is the process
in which the majority of the working population
moves from agricultural jobs to tech and industry and moves from the countryside
to the cities. Branden Ahern is a 20-year
Wall Street veteran who left the largest
global asset manager to help start a business
that makes it easier for Americans to
invest in China. Branden meets regularly
with government regulators, banks, insurance
companies and businesses. I don't know anyone who
has a deeper understanding of China's financial
system than Branden. I met with him in Beijing. – China has urbanized in a
very, very big way in 1980 only 20% of the population
lived in cities. Today it's over 50% and
it'll get up to 75%. And that's raised hundreds
of millions of people out of poverty as they
move into these cities, get access to proper housing,
electricity, sanitation, air conditioning
but also services like education and healthcare. – So you're going from
24% living in cities to 56, 58% living in cities. That's gonna go to 75%
in the next 10 years. So we're gonna see another
130, 150 million people move to the cities in China over
the next 10 or 12 years. They need to be housed. Who's gonna do it. They're gonna want to
own their own housing. So that's a big growth sector. – And get this, the big
movement towards cities and manufacturing that has
taken place over 22 years in China, took roughly
120 years in Britain and 80 years in America. Here, it's basically all
happened in just one generation. I know it's probably no
surprise to you to learn that China has advanced rapidly
over the last few decades and millions of people
have moved out of poverty into the middle class and
even into millionaire status. But here's the thing. What Americans don't
realize is this. China is no longer
simply a nation that produces cheap
t-shirts and knockoffs. Wong Hau is the
head of Sigma China. Sigma is the word's
largest independent camera lens manufacturer
headquartered in Japan. – In the past, made in China,
this label means a low value, low value added services,
low quality products and some people just think
China is a assembly factory. Because we did not have
any key technologies. So the only weapon we could use is the large population,
the low labor costs. But now things are
quite different now. So we are moving
forward, with the backup of government I will say,
sometimes, moving forward, to the upstream of
the value chain. – My view about China
was 15 years out of date. I expected to come to
China and see bicycles, to see people just
crowded in the subways. And I saw that, I mean, there are many, many
different Chinas. But I also saw a lot of
wealth, I saw a lot passion, a lot of energy and just
a much more modern society than I ever expected. China eventually became my life. – James Early is another
American who was quick to recognize the
opportunity in China today. He's the former director
of research at one of the world's largest
independent financial
research firms. – People are missing everything
that's going on here, how fast things are moving. – In many ways, the country
has become more sophisticated and advanced than anything
we're used to in America. Which is why China is
creating more millionaires than anywhere else on earth. And why so much
money is flooding in. Let me show you one
example of what I mean. One of the first things you
notice when you move about in China is that almost no
one, including street vendors and even homeless
beggars use cash anymore. Regular money, as
most of us know it, has simply disappeared. – I almost forgot
how fast growing of the mobile internet
and online payment, roughly like two or three
years ago I have to, you know, carry a big wallet
with a lot of changes. So you have to pay cash or
credit cards whenever you go. You have to withdraw
cash, you know, when you have no cash available, you have to find
the ATM machines. But right now, for here, in
Beijing, not just in Beijing, even my hometown, I don't
need to carry a wallet at all. I mean, literally
no cash at all. – So you don't carry any cash. – No, no.
– Every day. – I can live, like
every day, full. – No credit cards. – No, no, no credit
card, no cash, even for a full year it's, I
don't need any cash at all. The only thing concerns
me is the battery of my mobile phone. – That's great.
– Yes. – So if your battery dies
you don't have any money. – Oh yes, yes, that's right. – Bob van Dijk is
the CEO of Naspers, one of the biggest technology
investors in the world. Today, Naspers owns
a huge share of one of China's biggest tech firms and they've helped
build tech companies in more than 120 countries. I met with Bob at his
office in Amsterdam. – Where typically now
you check into a hotel, you put your credit card down and you go through
registration, like in China, you show up with your
phone, they scan a QR code, or code that's on your phone and they will have your
complete reservation there, they'll have your
credit card details and your check-in
procedures done. And interestingly,
it goes as far, like if you travel in
parts of China now, in Beijing for example, you
want to pay with a credit card, they don't accept
your credit card. They insist on being
paid by mobile phone. The other day I was in Beijing and I was trying to
buy an ice cream, she was a 19-year-old
lovely young woman, and she couldn't sell me an
ice cream 'cause I had money. I had renminbi, she
couldn't take money. You have to do it on your phone. Everything is on, I wish
I were buying a Mercedes, 'cause she gave me the
ice cream in the end. – Oh really. – She felt so sorry for
this poor foreigner, who couldn't, all
he had was money. Now, there are many things in
China are ahead of the U.S., again, I don't like saying
it, Steve, I'm an American, my kids are American,
my wife is American, but I have to face reality
and Tencent, Alibaba, I mean, you know the
names as well as I do. These are not from the guys
in the backyard somewhere, these are major
gigantic powerhouses,
built on technology. Liu Xin is business TV
anchor for CGTN in China and a former China
correspondent for CNBC. No, I don't see any money
changing hands here, I just see these signs. – Exactly, so convenient. – So literally, is there any
money changing hands at all? – Very little, I think. You'd have to be living under
a rock to not have WeChat, not have Alipay because
the blue is for Alipay and the green is for WeChat
and there's a constant battle to see who has more market share in the online or offline space. Online, because of
Taobao, Alipay definitely but offline because everyone
uses WeChat as social messaging and just about everything else
WeChat pay has an advantage. – WeChat, Alipay, Taoboa, what are these names
that Liu's talking about? WeChat is the most powerful
social media platform in China with over
a billion users. It's like Facebook
but on steroids. You can use it not
only for communication with friends and family
but for business dealings, for setting up doctors
appointments or
dinner reservations, for paying bills, even
for paying your taxes. Taobao is the largest
e-commerce website in the world. Bigger than Amazon. And Alipay is another
mobile payment app, which with WeChat Pay are the
two most popular apps in China for paying for everything
with your mobile phone. It's amazing, every
time I come to China, I see fewer coins and bills. So I asked Liu Xin about
the virtual disappearance of all types of physical money. So how long has this been? Because I was here
just a few years ago– – And people still
had coins and notes. – Yeah, as little as five
years ago, this didn't exist. – Well–
– I mean, it was– – Five years is a
long time in China. – Right and today, I mean,
do you use cash for anything? – Very, very little, yeah. – Do you carry cash. – No, no, I mean, you know,
I've got my Pravda, you see, I've got my sunglasses
and I've got my phone. And this is why even pickpockets
are becoming unemployed in China because they
can't steal phones, 'cause everyone's holding them. They can't steal money
anymore, nobody carries money. – Right. And that is what is leading
this new cashless society. You can see it in
action everywhere and many times it's paired with other really
interesting new technologies. (upbeat music) All right, it's
lunchtime in Beijing so I want to take you to one of the most unique
places you've ever seen. So here's what's unique
about this place, there are no servers
at the tables. All of your food travels
down all of these tracks, goes right in front of you
at the individual table. Let's get started and
order us a burger. This is the way it
goes, we'll find, the American burger there,
check out, continue to payment. Select WeChat, hold up
the QR code right here. Now we just wait for our burger. There's my burger. – So I would say a great
example of technology that we think is coming to fruition everywhere
is using mobile phone to sell used goods. Think in America, Craigslist
is something everybody knows and I think it's
worked well in the past but it's something
that requires a bit of work to sell your item. Now we've come with
a business like LetGo which we're a big investor in, to the point where you
basically just need to point your mobile phone
camera at stuff you don't want to own anymore and just by
pushing a single button, the phone will take a picture, it will recognize what
it is you want to sell, suggest a price for
what you want to sell and it will immediately
post it on the web which gives people
a huge audience with absolutely zero effort
to sell their used goods. – This trend, of course,
is proliferating worldwide. But nowhere is it more
prevalent than in China. Jonathan Crane is an
American entrepreneur who got his start bringing the world's most
popular music acts, like the Rolling
Stones, Whitney Houston and Beyonce to China
roughly 20 years ago. He explains the
incredible transformation he saw take place
in just a few years. – Doing business in China,
what you immediately see is that things move very
quickly over there. People are very
fast at innovation and also adoption is
much faster in China than anywhere else in the world. An example is, we had
a ticketing company and when we started that
ticketing company, we were, it was probably 2004 and it
was a cash society still. We then saw 2005, 2006,
people were starting to use debit cards, okay. So instead of having to
have lot of cash around, you use the debit card
which was convenient. And then within two
years from there, we started doing
mobile ticketing. So really within
four or five years, we went from cash delivery
to mobile ticketing. And the adoption was incredible that was happening across China. – This trend will soon
reshape America too. This is all just a preview
of how it will play out. Brian Takango has been traveling
across Asia to research and invest in local
businesses since 1999. He's got a remarkable
track record of finding future
blue chip companies when they are just
still small firms. I met with Brian
recently in Hong Kong. – Companies like
Alibaba, like JD.com. Companies like
BingoBox, for example, that now have 300 cashless
convenience stores in China and you just go in,
there's no cashier there, you just walk in and
you scan your app and you get your stuff,
you scan it in this table and then you just walk
out with your goods. And it's all being done through
artificial intelligence, it's all being done
through the internet and these wireless
payment methods. – I went to one of
these employee-less
stores in Shanghai. – All right, Steve, we're
coming out of the subway here in suburban Shanghai, this
is a middle-class area, this is not fancy, this
is not cutting edge, this is just average China. But you can do a lot of things, including visit an unmanned
store just with your face. (speaking in foreign language) (upbeat music) So inside it's got really
the same stuff you'd find in a 7-11, we're the
only people in here, you don't need any
person to run this store. And yet it's also safer, Steve, than you'd expect
because everything in this store is
connected to my face, which is connected
to my WeChat account, which is connected to
my Chinese bank account. So whatever damage I do here, all comes back to me
at the end of the day. Here you go sir. I'm just gonna push this
button and we scoot right in. All we do, we set this guy down. I'm gonna show my face, not proud of that
picture but it'll work. I'm gonna scan this QR
code with my WeChat app. And simple as that. – No employees. – No employees, took just a few, probably faster checkout
than if we had employees. Here's your Coke by the way. – Thank you. – So that's the future,
right here in China. – So one of the
things I think is really transforming
people's lives is how people use WeChat in China. For example when people
decide to meet some friends for dinner, they typically
would invite them via WeChat 'cause they're
obviously in their contacts. Then they would send, the
reservation would happen through WeChat because
the restaurant they want to go to is a contact as well and they have their booking
system integrated in WeChat. So then they show
up at the restaurant at the same time the ordering, actually the menu of the
restaurant will be embedded in WeChat and they online order. So there will be no
way to take an orders but everybody orders
on their mobile phone. In the end the check also
gets sent to the mobile phone and people actually can choose to pay with their
integrated tempe options. So the waiter only
brings the food and everything else
automatically gets done through the WeChat app. – These technologies
have even changed the way people buy cars. Get this, you can now reserve
a test car on your phone, then pick it up, at
what is essentially a giant vending machine for
new cars by BMW, Ford and Volvo and then drive it around
all you want, test it for the next three
days for less than $50. (upbeat music) The thing you need to
understand is that it's not just about making payments
on your phone or getting rid of physical cash. This development creates
hundreds and hundreds of new business ideas. This is the future
for us in America but it's all unfolding right
now in realtime here in China. Kevin Lui studied at
Cornell University. Today he's an equity
strategist at CICC, the largest investment
bank in China. Kevin is part of what
is widely considered to be the best equity
research team in the country. And we met up in Beijing. – Back to 2006 is roughly just over something
like 1% in China– – That's unbelievable. – With regard to
mobile penetration. – In 2006, 1% of Chinese
people had mobile internet. Today it's at least 50%. – At least, yes, at least.
– At least, yes. – My life is kind of, very
closely tied with my phone. (dramatic music) – Today the amount of
money the Chinese spend on e-commerce is 42%
of the world's total. That means the value of China's
e-commerce transactions is now larger than the value of
the e-commerce transactions from France, Germany, the
UK and the U.S. combined. This is why the money
is flowing to China and why more millionaires
are being created here than anywhere else in the world. Everyone, everywhere
uses their mobile phone to pay for everything. Food, train tickets, plane
tickets, tolls, clothing, fast food, everything
with their mobile phone. In fact, on our
most recent trip, we tried to spend a few hundred
dollars buying souvenirs at a Shanghai bookstore but they no longer
accepted credit cards. – What we often look at is, what is the size of the
potential user group we have. And for example the
number of internet users in China is rapidly
approaching a billion. And those are numbers that even for a huge market like the U.S., they dwarf the very
impressive numbers of the U.S. and I think that in time as these populations become
connected, wealthier, presents a fantastic
investment opportunity. – Things have changed
so fast in China over the last 30
years from nothing, from a very backwards country, now people are living
lives that a lot of people, even in the U.S.,
couldn't even imagine. – Okay, so from a
cashless society, to unmanned stores and
waiterless restaurants, to mobile commerce
beyond our imagination, clearly this is not how most
Americans perceive China. And these are not stories
you typically see reported in the mainstream press. However this is the
reality in China today. But hold on, you might
be saying to yourself, I thought this was
a communist country. This doesn't sound
like communism to me. Well as Jim Rogers said earlier, California and
Massachusetts are probably more communist than China. And the truth is, while the Chinese call
themselves communists, they are actually among the
best capitalists on earth and this is part of what's
caused such a radical distortion between between perception
and reality in China today. – China isn't a communist
country anymore. It's not a Marxist
communist regime like it was under Moa Tse-tung. It has advanced much more into what you might call a
form of autocratic capitalism. It's still a dictatorship,
it's still an autocracy, it's not a true democracy by
any means, but think about it, most of the economy is now run
by private sector interests, by private companies who
are doing their own thing, investing, doing
what they want to do. Families can pretty much live
where they choose these days, they can get educated
the way they want, they can own their own home, they can invest
in stock markets, invest in all sorts of products. Still a lot of restrictions, nowhere near as free as
it is in the West perhaps, but it's certainly not a
communist country in the way that Marxism says that all
resources be owned by the state. That is not the case
in China anymore. (upbeat music) – I mean, this is a country
where, since 1978, 1980, when Deng Xiaoping started
the Open Door Policy, a country where GDP
growth has skyrocketed. Where life expectancy
has skyrocketed. Where quality of
life skyrocketed. Everything has gone up, up, up. This an economic miracle. You know, those are
measurable facts, in a communist country,
brought about by capitalism. – It's almost ridiculous to
call China a communism country because the government
is the biggest capitalist in the world. – I never look at China
as a communist nation. I don't even ever use the word. You know, China is very
capitalistic, okay. There's a middle class
forming there, you have hope, I go back to the word hope
that you can be, you know, you can be low income
and become a billionaire. – The truth is the government in China works very differently
than most Americans think. In short, they are doing
everything they can to foster innovation, entrepreneurship,
and personal wealth. Here's a great example of how the Chinese
government has worked with private businesses
to develop something that is light years ahead
of what we have in America. We're getting on the
high-speed train to Shanghai. (upbeat music) So here we are
experiencing another of the wonders of Chinese
technology and innovation. We're traveling on
the bullet train going 350 kilometers
an hour right now. That's 250 miles an hour
and one of the common things I hear from Americans
is, oh well, China makes inferior goods,
their technology's inferior but meanwhile everyone's using
their Chinese made iPhone. And I think it's fair
to have American pride, which I do myself, but
I think we also need to be honest about the reality. I mean, here we are, again
traveling 250 miles an hour, using our Chinese technology and this is reality
in China today. China's high-speed
train system is a government private
sector collaboration that was built in
about 1/3 the time it could have been
built in America, Europe or anywhere else in the world. Jerry Liu spent
more than a decade at Morgan Stanley and
Templeton Asset Management. Today he's the founding
partner of Everpine Capital, a private equity firm
that helps companies with cutting edge
technologies take advantage of the Chinese markets. We met with Jerry in Shanghai. – Once again, if you look at
the high-speed rail network in China, I mean,
even, you roll back by 15 years it
literally did not exist. They built everything
from scratch, from scratch into
the longest, fastest, most extensive logistics
infrastructure in
the whole world. – I think the high-speed rail
network is really changed that country in allowing
people to move, you know, in and out of cities
quickly but also be able to have access to
major cities to work but be allowed to live in
second and third tier cities for more affordable housing. – If you go to the Hongqiao
Station, in Shanghai, at 6:30 in the morning, you
will have difficulty getting in. It's so packed in and out. We're talking about tens
of thousands of people, traveling into that station,
dismissing themselves to everywhere else
in the country, starting their business
on Monday morning. This is how charged
China is today. You don't see that in
Grand Central Station, you don't see that
anywhere else in the world. This is how driven China is. – And it's like, the interstate
highway back in the '50s. I mean, can you imagine America without the interstate
highway system. Can you imagine
the inland states, what would they be right now. That's what's happening
in China right now with the roll out of
the infrastructure from zero expressways
30 years ago, they now have 116,000
kilometers of expressways. 260,000 kilometers of highways, from 99 airports they now
have almost 300 airports and they're building
dozens more. – And when you come
to China and see, you fly into these
brand new airports, you ride these bullet trains
going 250 miles an hour, you pay for things
just using your phone, you don't carry cash
or even credit cards, you know, you
really do understand what's happening
here is different and it's potentially
only in its infancy and is only gonna
get even bigger. – What I think you
have to understand is that the leaders
here are not trying to establish a communist
system where everyone is equal, this is not at all like
Russia or North Korea. Instead, they are trying to design the most
effective capitalist and entrepreneurial
system in the world. And they've proven pretty
darn good at it so far. There's no better example of
the radical transformation that has taken place here,
with the government's help, than the amazing place
I showed you earlier, the city of Shenzhen. As we told you, in 1979, only
300,000 people lived here. But Shenzhen became China's
first special economic zone. It's gone from a
backwater village to the most important
tech manufacturing center on the planet with a population that's about the same size as
America's two biggest cities, L.A. and New York put together. – It's home to 1,500 research
scientific institutions. It's not just making
t-shirts and training shoes, it's some of the highest
tech companies in the world. Shenzhen is one of the big
reasons why in mid 2018, for the first time ever, Chinese companies attracted
more venture capital than American companies. And although the mainstream
press almost never tells this story, the money is
clearly flowing to China. When you take a quick
look at what's happening in Shenzhen, it's
easy to see why. Today, just this
one Chinese city, which most Americans
have never even heard of and basically didn't even
exist 40 years ago is home to the world's third
biggest internet company, it's bigger than
Facebook or Netflix, the world's biggest
maker of drones, DJI, the world's biggest maker
of plug-in electric cars, not it's not Tesla, it's BYD and the world's biggest
telecom equipment company, it's Huawei which is
three times bigger than Sweden's Ericsson. Many, including The Wall
Street Journal have referred to Shenzhen as Silicon
Valley of the East. But in many ways, it's
actually much more advanced and more sophisticated. Shenzhen has the world's
largest metro line and the world's first
all electric bus fleet. Incredibly, it's 16,000
buses are all electric and make no noise or pollution. This single city has
built more skyscrapers in a single year than
the entire United States during that same time. And this is the critical point. Today in Shenzhen,
it's not a place where businesses simply
copy ideas and products, it's a new reality where
China is quickly becoming one of the most innovative
economies on the planet. Kaiser Kuo knows both
America and China intimately. He's a former director at Baidu China's largest
internet search engine. He's also former member
of the Tang Dynasty, China's first heavy
metal rock band which formed 30 years ago. Today Kaiser lives in America, where he helps run a
China focused media firm. I met up with Kaiser in Beijing. – Yeah, it was a joke
even among people who worked in the industry. We said C to C which
of course in America, in English means, you
know, consumer to consumer. C to C to means copy to China. There certainly were
a lot of companies that were simple clones
of American counterparts. What's really
interesting though, is how quickly that
whole merit has shifted. – Shenzhen, the city
that had blacksmiths beating charcoal
implements in the streets less that 40 years ago
is now the electronics and hardware capital
of the world. It's the most sophisticated
and advanced place on earth when it comes to building
new electronics and hardware. While Silicon Valley
has chosen to focus on software, Shenzhen
has a major advantage in all of the world's
actually equipment. That's why Apple has set up
its latest R&D center here. IBM is here. So is Oracle, Cisco and
Videa, Emerson Electronics, Amazon, Samsung, Microsoft,
Intel, Qualcomm, Tesla, DuPont, Whirlpool,
Mattel, Phillips Lighting, Radio Shack, Texas
Instruments, 3M, Broadcom, BLACK + DECKER, Toshiba, GoPro and dozens more of the
world's top technology firms. They've chosen to open
up shop in Shenzhen. Airbus, the word's
largest plane maker, just chose Shenzhen for
an innovation center. – General Motors
makes more in China than it makes in America. Apple makes more in China
than it makes in America. Many major American
companies, they know. – Right. – General Motors knows that
China's is gigantic market for high-quality products. – The reason these
companies are here is because they have access to the world's most
advanced supply chain for manufacturing
and distribution. You can get everything
from raw materials to computer components
right here in Shenzhen. – It has become
really the epicenter for all global
high-tech manufacturing. It is where the
supply chains sit. I'm not in Palo Alto,
calling across time zones, using online translation, trying to talk through
these things, that you know, where the back and
forth is taking weeks. – Right. – It's an immediacy that
is of tremendous advantage. And when the United States
stopped manufacturing things, I think it surrendered a lot
of its advantage in that way. – Edith Yeung is
a general partner of venture capital firm
called 500 Startups. When asked how to explain
Shenzhen to Americans, she says, "I would tell them it's a
Silicon Valley for hardware." She says, "Americans have no
idea what's going on in China. "There are so many areas "where China already
exceeds the U.S." Right now and for the
foreseeable future, many of the world's biggest and most important
breakthroughs are going to be coming out of this city that most American's have
still never heard of. One of the most successful of Shenzhen's recent start-ups
is a company called DJI, which makes affordable
commercial drones. The company has a
1,500 person research and development team. Today they have 70% of
the global drone market. They'll be going public soon but Americans have
never heard of them. All they know is GoPro. But DJI's drones
are far superior to GoPro's in almost every way. The tech site
Gizmodo for example, recently compared the
two and concluded, it's practically a
landslide in DJI's favor. When you look at
the amazing list of new technology
companies in Shenzhen, it's simply astonishing. There's a company called Beijing Genomics
Institute, for example. The scientific journal, Nature, called it a DNA superpower
after the company bought so many genomic
sequencing machines that it quickly owned more
than half of the world's total. China used to be known for
being the best supplier of cheap pharmaceutical
ingredients and knockoff pills but today China has the
second largest number of clinical trials involving
biologic treatments after the United States. This is why Merck
and Johnson & Johnson have innovation centers in China and why companies like Eli Lilly and many others are selling Chinese discovered
drugs overseas. But again, almost no one
in America knows this. It's a story that's
hardly ever reported in the mainstream press. Then there's the
biggest electronic
automaker in the world. It's not Tesla but a
Chinese company based in Shenzhen called BYD. This company has the
biggest battery factory in the world and
it already sells more electric cars
every year than Tesla. BYD also has something
Tesla doesn't, the backing of the
world's best investor. Charlie Munger and Warren Buffet of Berkshire Hathaway
own nearly 10% of BYD. Charlie Munger is one of the
word's leading proponents of investing in China. He said in a recent interview, American investors are
missing out on China. It just looks too
hard, sitting in Omaha, but it's where they
should be looking. And keep in mind,
all these companies and all these innovations are
all located in just one city. This is why The Atlantic
magazine recently wrote, it's now becoming clear
that in many respects, China has distinct advantages
over Silicon Valley as it hopes to become the
next nexus for innovation. – Well, I think the current
perception in America of China right now is one
of very archaic perception, that China is this
massive sweatshop that's just constantly throwing
cheap goods into America. But the reality is China is one of the most dynamic
economies in the world. – Okay, but what about all
these impressive numbers. One of the objections to
China I hear constantly is that China's economic
numbers are manipulated. So I put the question to one of the most knowledgeable
people on the subject. – I don't trust any
government numbers, America, Germany, anybody. We've all been caught
lying about our numbers and I'm sure that
the Chinese numbers, or some of them,
are made up too. But it doesn't matter
'cause I've been coming here for 34 years, you
walk down the street, you go to a different
city and you say, my God, last time I was
here five years ago, none of this was here. And it all happened, and it
happens very quickly in China, partly because it's
a one party state, therefore they get it done. In America it takes you years
just to build a new church or a new hospital or
a new school even. – Jim, as you heard earlier,
is the only man in the world who's crossed China on
land three different times. Twice by motorcycle
and once by car. And he also has what is probably the best investing
track record of all time for the work that he
did during the '70s. His Quantum Fund
delivered a 4,200% return to his investors during a
time when stocks did nothing. – That does not mean there
won't be problems in China. America became the greatest
country of the 20th century, along the way we had 15
depressions, with a d, we had a horrible civil war, we had massacres in the streets, we had very little rule of
law, you could buy and sell, you could still buy
and sell congressman, but in the 19th century
they were cheap, you could buy four of five
for the price of one now. America has many
problems along the way. But we became an
astonishing success, the most successful country
in the 20th century. – For me, as we look at China and this potential opportunity, I think it's crucial
for us to consider what we can see
with our own eyes. Has China grown like crazy? And is there more wealth
being created right here, right now than any
place on earth? The answers to both of those questions are
unequivocally, yes. Remember, here's what
Shanghai looked like in 1987. And here we are cruising
around on a private yacht in the same spot today. Here's what Shenzhen
looked like 30 years ago, and here's what Shenzhen
looks like today. – This is really the greatest
wealth creation event in the history of
the world in my view. If you look at the scale we see, this is 1.4 maybe even
1.5 billion people because of under
counting who are going from literally third-world
conditions in 1978 when Deng Xiaoping began
the Open Door Policy to now you've got this mix
of the third world still, if you go to rural China,
definitely in the third world, second world and
increasingly first world, more and more and more. And that's why
everybody's trying to come to the Chinese cities,
that's why we're in one of the fanciest hotels
I've ever stayed at, that's why, you know, you
look at when you see Bentleys in the parking lot here,
Ferraris, Porsches, that's real wealth and
it's growing day by day. – Sure, the government
has a heavy hand in directing this economy, but one amazing
thing is very clear. The Chinese government can get enormous initiatives completed
in a fraction of the time it would take to accomplish
these anywhere else. I showed you the most
amazing bullet train system in the world already. But that's just the beginning. Right now the Chinese
government is forcing the big telecom companies
to spend $180 billion over seven years to
build the infrastructure for the world's largest
5G mobile network. Meanwhile in America,
50 different states are all trying to plot
their own course. Do you really want
to bet against China with this type of
infrastructure initiative? I sure don't. – Most of the rural areas,
they've skipped the landlines. Now they, and my suspicion is that they're gonna
make the next leap into the 5G faster than
anywhere else in the world. – Another example, in Beijing, I met with the man who designed
Beijing's tallest building and helped design an area
called Beijing Fun Town. This is an ultramodern
environmentally friendly area where nearly all of the
businesses are venture capital, hedge funds, private
banks, asset managers, and other types of
investment funds. This is what's possible here
in this communist country. – China is an example of
a country that has gone from the Stone Ages
into the 21st century over the space of 30 years. So it's really a fundamental
transformation of a society and an economy, the likes
of which I've never seen. I don't think anybody's seen
this kind of transformation in this kind of time frame,
anywhere in the world. Not least a country
with 1.3 billion people. – The way I look at it is, yes, China has a thousand
challenges on its hands. But so does nearly ever
other country in the world. And there can be
absolutely no denying that the opportunities
in China are far bigger than anywhere else on earth. Folks who are
getting in early on these trends are
making a fortune. You might be familiar with
FANG, the acronym in the U.S. for Facebook, Amazon,
Apple, Netflix and Google. Well in China, there's
something similar. – BAT is an acronym that stands
for Baidu, Alibaba, Tencent. These are three major
technology companies in China. Baidu search company, I think
a lot of people draw analogies to Google because, of course, like Google in
the United States, it's the dominant search
engine here in China. Similar business
model and everything. Alibaba is a massive
e-commerce company. It really dominates e-commerce. Tencent is a company that
doesn't have a close analogy in the United States. It actually draws
most of its revenue from gaming and
things like that, but it's most famous
product is a sort of all in one
communications platform, kind of a Swiss Army knife
of an app called WeChat. And it's sort of
WhatsApp, Facebook, all these things sort
of rolled all into one. You can pretty much do
anything you need to do from buying things,
from hailing taxis. – They have WeChat account not
because they're required to, but because it's just so
convenient for them now. I mean, their entire
lives are online. They have their bank
statements there, they can send money to relatives
halfway across the country in just a few seconds, I mean,
it's a huge benefit to them, that's why they're all online. – We have the
incredible opportunity to have meetings in two
of Tencent's locations. First in Beijing and
then also in Shenzhen, their amazing new headquarters. Well that was amazing,
we just left Tencent, and we weren't allowed
to bring you inside because of high
security and everything but really James and I got to see the future
right here at Tencent. – Yeah, just the place is
tighter than Fort Knox, they've got high tech,
cool stuff but the thing, Steve, that you just said
that struck me a minute ago is that this could
have been Google, this could have been
in Silicon Valley. We walked in, we were
greeted by an AI robot, we have AI facial recognition
to get into the elevators, that's also in use by the
Chinese government they said, and these are people
working 15 hours a day. – Yeah, they want
you to stay there, so their working 15 hours a day. But just like Google, you know, James and I played ping pong, James also climbed the
climbing wall inside there. So we weren't working
hard inside there but everyone else was. – We were the only
ones playing actually, yeah, but it was fun. – I told you about how
tech companies like Tencent and Baidu are up as much
as 50,000% since 2004. But it's not just the tech
firms that are soaring. Look at some of these real
estate and construction firms that are making people
simply extraordinary gains. China Fortune Land
Developments soared more than 8,000% beginning in 2003. China Overseas
Land and Investment also soared roughly 8,000%
beginning in the year 2000. China Resources Land soared more than 6,500% beginning
in the year 2000. Country Garden Holdings soared
1,400% beginning in 2008. The list goes on and on and on. – People now talk about
a new crop of companies that are coming
up, many of them, not all of them yet listed. TMD is the new acronym that
you'll be hearing a lot about. Toutiao which is an AI driven
news site which is massive. The actual company
is called ByteDance but they're flagship
product is Toutiao. Meituan is another one which is a sort of
online services platform. O2O as it's called in Chinese, where you can do anything from
book seats in restaurants, order takeout or buy
movie theater tickets or get discounts on things,
group buying, it's enormous. And finally, D, stands
for Didi Chuxing which is like the Uber
of China but on steroids. – Yeah. Kaiser mentioned a
business called Meituan. It's the biggest food delivery
platform in the world. You can order from
thousands of restaurants, on your phone and have food
delivered to your door. Get this, Meituan is
worth more than twice its American counterparts, Yelp, Groupon and Grubhub combined. – China has really
come to the stage. It's technology and product
hunger is really unparalleled. It's not seen
anytime anywhere else in the world and in history. So, we're talking about really
more than a billion people, upgrading their lifestyle, pretty much catching up
to U.S. and European style but in a very dramatic manner. – China has seen technology
develop very much in lockstep with its really
rapid environmental growth. There's a kind of
faith in the ability of technology to
deliver better lives. Compare that to the
United States right now where there's a lot of
anxiety about technology. – This will be a rising economy. I'm not seeing the market
degrading itself anytime soon. I think it's still
going full steam ahead. China is the second
largest economy today and I think it will
probably keep growing and become the biggest
consumer market in the world. It will be there with
or without your capital. So it's really your call. (dramatic music) – There's a saying in
the financial world that money flows to
where it's treated best. And right now the
best place to build and grow wealth is
unquestionably in China. Which is why the smart
money is moving here. The money being made here is like nothing we have ever
seen in human history. What's crazy to
me is that despite all the evidence I've shown you, the mainstream media
in America still loves to hate on China. Look at some of these
recent book covers. (dramatic music) But here's the truth. Already the best
investors from America, including our most famous
and successful investor, Warren Buffet, and his business
partner Charlie Munger, are here in a big way. So are Bill and Melinda Gates, the Yale and Harvard
pension funds, Goldman Sachs, Bill Gross. And by the way, speaking of
millionaires and billionaires, according to the BBC
and the latest figures, China is producing two new
billionaires every week. That's twice as
many as were created in America over the
same period of time. And get this, the
country recently created a million new millionaires
in a single year. That's more millionaires
in a single year than the total that exists in the wealthy nation
of Switzerland. But it's not just individuals
making huge money. There are many success stories
for small businesses too. – So I give you one
example we invested in, it's a French company,
it's called EyeTechCare. So this is a company, with
a cutting edge technology that could cure glaucoma using
the ultrasonic technology. It's the only
company in the world that is capable of doing that. But it was a local company, it was a French
company based in Lyon. Today we took this company
to the China market and it's already in more
than 30 cities in China and it's doing
business really well. – Jerry told us the
money they're making in some of these individual
Chinese cities is as much as they were
making in all of France. And there are others making
extraordinary gains as well. America's number one
venture capital firm, Sequoia Capital, has even
set up a division in China. They recently made
more than 1,000% return worth millions of dollars
on one of their investments. And the most
profitable investment in the history of the
world was made here. A 500,000% gain in
roughly 17 years. Bloomberg called it
the deal of the century and for good reason. That type of gain turns
every $200 invested into more than $1 million. That investment was made
by a man named Koos Bekker and his company, an investment
firm called Naspers. What they did was
invest in Tencent, even though most Americans
had never heard of it. Again, the smart money
is moving to China, simply because this
is the best place to turn a small investment
into a sizable fortune in the years to come. – And I left the U.S. for
China, where I am right now, because frankly, in all
my life I had never seen such wealth creation
happening in the size and with the speed that
is happening right here, right now in China. – But I moved to Asia
because of China, I want my children to
grow up speaking Mandarin, and in their lifetime
China will be the most important country. – As an American investor,
I think this is the, in my personal opinion,
I think this is once in a many years
opportunity to dive in. – You've seen the
incredible new technologies and innovations
coming out of China that almost no one in
America knows about yet. I've told you about the
huge economic tailwind of this market, how another
300 million people migrating to cities and moving into
the middle class will create the biggest consumer
market in history. And I've told you
about how so much of the smart money
is already in China. But there's a huge
part of this story that I haven't
even mentioned yet, in fact it's what
got me so interested in China just a few years ago and might be the
most important part of this incredible story. (gentle music) In short, there are two
enormous piles of money, I'm talking over a
trillion total dollars that are about to get pushed
into the Chinese stock market. This new money is absolutely
100% coming to Chinese stocks. And nothing like this
has ever happened before in the history of the financial
markets, not on this scale. Here's the deal. A group called
MSCI, which stands for Morgan Stanley
Capital International, controls where huge portion of international
money is invested. And for the first time ever, MSCI is forcing hundreds
of billions of dollars from the world's biggest
mutual funds, pensions and insurance companies to be invested in
local Chinese stocks. – There's gonna be a
sea change around China, because it's the
largest asset managers, it's the largest
pension plans globally, they're gonna be coming
here for the very first time because they have
to own these stocks, these bonds that we hold today. – This process started
in June of 2018, the next waves of
money are scheduled to go into Chinese stocks in May and August of 2019 with
even bigger moves after that. We're talking hundreds of
billions of dollars in total. Never in my career
have I seen a way to legally front run many of the worlds biggest
money managers. But that's what you can do today by buying the exact same
stocks they're going to be soon forced to own. This development has
been barely been reported in the mainstream press. But the few folks who have picked up on it
understand the consequences. As the BBC reported, this is
definitely a game changer. But this secret boost to the Chinese stock market
won't remain a secret forever. Once these big American
institutions have their money invested there, you will begin to
hear them talking about the great new companies in China every chance they get. So that's one big pile of money that will soon be
forced into China. The second big pile coming
here could even be bigger. The Chinese government recently
announced they're going to pour enormous sums,
as much as $1 trillion in the years to come, into
their public pension funds to make sure there's
enough money for retirees. And as the Financial
Times reported, this will send a flood of cash into domestic Chinese equities. – We're about to see, over
the next two to three, four to five, and
especially 10 years, a new era in Chinese investing. And it's gonna be powerful. – In total, these two new
big piles of money going into the Chinese stock
market will total at least $1 trillion and
what's incredible is, you can get your
money there first. I'm sure I don't have to
tell you what's gonna happen when you essentially double
the pile of money chasing the same big local
Chinese stocks. The value of these businesses
in the market will have only one way to go in the
longterm and that's up, up, up. Again, almost no one in the mainstream press is
reporting on this story. But that's great
news for you and me. I've simply never seen
a bigger difference between perception and reality than what we see in China today. It's both the biggest
in dollar terms but also just in
those emotional terms, I come home from China and I
try to explain to Americans, to my wife, to my mother-in-law
what I've experienced and when I explain the
reality of what's going on on the ground, they
still are not willing to change their extreme
perception of what they think. My wife and kids never
really understood China until I took them
there in person. And that's the whole
reason I created this film, so you could hopefully
understand this
amazing opportunity without having to
go there in person. (upbeat music) Look, while it's going
to get harder and harder to make money in America,
in the years to come, the money that will be
made in China is going to dwarf everything
else on the planet. I think we'll see a time
in the next few years where the entire Chinese
stock market at least doubles in value in as
little as 18 months. And that's just
in the short term. Over the long term, this entire market is
going to soar 500% or more. And the best companies
in China are going to return thousands
of percent gains. Investing in China's best
businesses today is very much like investing in
Microsoft, Apple, Amazon and Google before they
became household names. These are truly life-changing
investment opportunities which are extraordinarily
cheap to purchase today, especially compared
to similar investments in the United States. – The U.S. is making
all-time highs. Chinese market is down 60%. Now, I don't know if
they told you at school, but you're supposed to
buy low and sell high. – Right, right. – So for me, something
that's down 60%, might be more attractive than something making
all-time highs. (dramatic music) – Investing in China is an
incredible deal right now. Very few investors
are paying attention plus the growth potential in China is radically
bigger and China has some of the most innovative
companies in the world. Also, more than $1
trillion will be forced into Chinese stocks
in the next few years because of the MSCI decision and the national
pension catch-ups. Anyone of these factors
would be reason enough to invest a significant sum
in China in the years to come. But when you add all
these factors together, it's a perfect storm
for making new money. – I am extremely bullish on where China is
going to be going. I think there all
right a lot of things, a lot of very strong
tailwinds that we still see. – Warren Buffet
is the most famous and one of the most
successful investors in America over
the past 60 years. One of my favorite
Buffet quotes is from his 1996 shareholder letter because it summarizes
the opportunity before us in China
today, perfectly. Buffet says, your goal as
an investor should simply be to purchase at a rational price, a part interest in an easily
understandable business who's earnings are
virtually certain to be materially higher, five,
10 and 20 years from now. Over time, you will find
only a few companies that meet these standards. So when you see
one that qualifies, you should buy a
meaningful amount of stock. I never thought we'd
see a moment like this in my entire career,
we have a moment where China is the world's
second largest economy and it's battling with Japan to be the world's second
largest stock market, but meanwhile, nobody is
invested in Chinese stocks. And when I say nobody, I mean American institutional
investors, global investors, even the local Chinese
are not really invested in Chinese stocks. – I think China has huge
investment potential. – As I tell my
customers all the time, there are always plenty of
reasons not to invest somewhere. Yes, there are many reasons
not to invest in China today. But think about this,
there were many reasons not to invest in U.S.
stocks back in 2009, in fact back then the reasons
were way more compelling than they are to not
invest in China today. But the U.S. market
tripled back then while most people simply
sat on the sidelines. The same thing is
going to happen over the next few
years with China. There are plenty of reasons not to invest but the
big picture is clear. – China has lifted 600
million people out of poverty over the last 20 years or so and they've been brought
into middle income status. And in the next 20 years, China will become a
high-income status country. So that transformation is
probably the most rapid and significant I think,
in humankind ever. You've seen other
little countries when they get an oil
rush, the Middle East, you'll get oil comes through
and oil prices jump up and suddenly they're
very wealthy. But it's 10, 20 million people. This is over a billion people
and it's not stopping here. There's still a long way to go. – You know how people today
are kicking themselves for missing out on Amazon,
Google, Facebook and more? Well in five years or so, most of those same people
are gonna look back and say, man, how
could I have not seen this huge opportunity in China in the fastest growing
economy in the world with many of the best and fastest growing
businesses on the planet. – At this point, Steve, I've essentially gone all
in on China in my career. I've invested not just my money, but my entire career
in this country. – I think you'd be
crazy not to participate in it even in a small way. You don't need to
jump in boots and all, but I think this
is a growth story that's gonna run for at
least another 10 or 20 years. – Imagine if you had
not invested in the U.S. in the last 30 years, what
would you have missed out on. That's exactly what
you will miss out if you don't invest
in China today. (dramatic music) – I hope you enjoyed this
journey through China and a look at the
incredible opportunities that it presents us today. You know, I'm sure that some
people are gonna be very angry at me for making this film
and encouraging people to learn more about China and to ultimately take an
investment stake there too. In fact, I'm sure some people
will call me un-American. But I hope that you're
open-minded enough to see what's really going on. The truth is, China and America
are the future together. It's not going to be
and it doesn't have to just be just
one or the other. And the simple reality is, many places in China
are more advanced and more sophisticated
than anyplace in America. But many of America's
biggest breakthroughs in trends of tomorrow,
are taking place in China right before
out eyes, today. Plus China's economy is likely to double in size
in the years to come and that's not likely gonna
happen anytime soon in America. Yes, there are a
thousand reasons not to invest in China today, but I think anyone who takes
an unbiased look will see that the positives far
outweigh the negatives. There's no doubt in my
mind, the massive difference between perception and reality
in China today has created the greatest money-making
opportunity of our lifetimes. But this story won't
remain a secret for long. I hope you take advantage of it before the rest of
the world catches on. To learn more about the specific steps you can take today to
have the opportunity to cash in on what Dr. Steve Sjuggerud describes as the
best money-making opportunity of our lifetimes go to www. new money movie .com
slash invest Dr. Sjuggerud has spent more than 20 years
helping hundreds of thousands of Americans figure out how to safely and
dramatically grow their wealth. In his investment research, Dr. Sjuggerud shows
you exactly which stocks he recommends you buy, when to buy, and when to sell to
have the opportunity to maximize your gains. He'll show you the absolute best
way to take advantage of the opportunity in China today. You can access the best
of his investment recommendations through any regular U.S. brokerage
account. Dr. Sjuggerud has already helped hundreds of people make a small fortune
in China. Just look at a small sampling of the gains from more than 600 letters
he recently received from his subscribers. There's simply no one more qualified in
the financial world today to help you learn how to take advantage of this
enormous opportunity and trends taking place in China.
Best of all, today you can save half off the regular subscription rate for Dr.
Sjuggerud's investment research recommendations and you can try his
work totally risk-free for 30 days. If you're not happy or if you change your
mind for any reason, no problem. You can get a full refund by calling or email
his US-based team. To learn more and to get access to Dr. Sjuggerud's top China
investment recommendations in a matter of minutes simply go to www. new money movie .com
slash invest

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apple ging nur beiden tagen an die bevölkerung [Musik] solange bis der algorithmus schweiz so lang bis zu sechs wie mit mir schreibt solange das so bleibt ist die sonne wieder scheint mir bilder ohne gleich und die schreibt obama alles schnuppe sozial ist nun und 11 im internet zu zweit da war innerlich allein das war einfach die zeit für lebst du in meinen teller vor ich weiß nicht ob es dich gibt es weiter das alles nicht das ist nur ein spiel mit [Musik] ok [Musik] ich liebe alles was du von mir zeigen keine ahnung was du auf meinem ipad so lange bis die sonne wieder scheint weiß schon was ich meine die landesteile internetseite telefon dabei immer wenn du schreist neben für zeile alles nur eins geht alles immer noch alleine im online doch alleine immer noch nur in einem telefon ich hab mich verhalten ich halte ob es dich gibt und co das ist nicht nur ein spiel safari ein sprecher von youtube play offs bleibt es bei youtube hey du lädst in meinem telefon ich habe mich verliebt ich weiß wurde wohnt oder ob es dich gibt zwei plätze und fotos das ist alles nicht das ist alles nur ein spiel mit joseph a [Musik]

Tango Argentino and Astor Piazolla | DW Documentary



Astor Piazolla, the founder of “Tango Nuevo,” revolutionized Argentinian tango, breaking the rules of traditional tango and bringing the country’s iconic music and dance to international concert halls.

The film is based on previously unpublished documents and interviews with the composer and bandoneon player Astor Piazzolla (1921-1992). Tango is today more in vogue than ever: The formerly disreputable music of brothels and amusement arcades has long since reached the concert halls of the world – above all through Piazzolla’s commitment. He combined influences from jazz, klezmer and classical music into a new form of tango that purists in his homeland initially sharply criticized. Today, however, “Tango Nuevo” is enthusiastically received everywhere. Born of Italian immigrants in Buenos Aires in 1921, Piazzolla grew up in New York, where Harlem’s music, his father’s old tango records and neighbors who played Bach all had an early impact on the talented boy. A trawl through the family’s photo and film archives, including previously unreleased conversations with Piazzolla’s daughter Diana, and highlights of his musical career create an intimate portrait of his life and work. Against a rousing Tango Nuevo soundtrack, Daniel Rosenfeld’s documentary paints an impressive picture of a complex artist who today ranks among the great composers of the 20th Century.

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Astor Piazzolla revolutionized tango in breaking with convention he brought this traditional Argentine music out of the dance hall and into concert venues around the world yep in 1955 something new appeared tango intended for listening this was a groundbreaking development it was tango that was no longer only for dancing that was completely new his innovative tango which enraged traditionalists in his day drew inspiration from jazz klezmer music Bach Stravinsky and Bartok Piazzolla went on to become one of the leading composers of the 20th century in 1960 I discovered each radio was speaking about me one called me assassin the other one degenerated the other one murderer I was having fun that was and they made me they made me popular I remember the last taxi I took him and what a sight is I called the tax he came and when he saw my face he started shot on me he's insulted me and he called me communist he he went away like the dogs winning look their heads like that I said why did he do this to me I didn't do nothing I only changed the tango that's all [Applause] [Applause] kissing different game okay there is your na or sympathy remark no sounded even roses you know I got possibilities she should've worked on several is he gonna pull it back at us I got about to do it on we select you know boys are gonna be wonderful I'm a cabana noon but I figured he would hurt a PA but I forgot about noon is exactly visit Iquitos Piazzolla and his two children Deanna and Daniela had a complex relationship marked by periods of closeness and times of silence even estrangement Deanna Piazzolla eventually decided to write a biography of her father in preparation she recorded a series of interviews which no one would see for many years the conversations marked the end of a long period of deep discord Deanna died in 2009 several years after the book was published Deanna planned to write about a story she mentioned it to him or my father's first reaction was no biographies are about the dead not the living alive Danielle Piazzolla who's also a musician is now the custodian of his father's legacy Tanya's relationship with Oscar was not always easy times of deep affinity and musical collaboration alternated with long periods of separation what always United the father and son was a love of fishing maybe who's your become my father and I went shark fishing together only once it was in sunglass in 1961 I think what made my father strong was the problem with his leg he tried to conceal it but he couldn't hide it when he looked at him his left leg was a pillar and his right was scrawny it always upset him if someone had called him limpa he would have attacked them Astor Piazzolla was born March 11 1921 in Mar del Plata Argentina it was a town of fishermen and immigrants that the local elites hoped to transform into a luxurious seaside resort Astor was born with a clubfoot in an attempt to correct it he underwent seven surgeries the first when he was just a year old after each surgery he spent many months in a cast his mother Assunta and his father be frente decided not to have any more children fearing they might be born with a similar disability no Nina and no Nino as his parents were called pampered their only child after the last surgery the Piazzolla family decided to start a new life in New York I lived in exile in Mexico for nine years my father who had just given a concert at the Azteca Stadium said you want to write about my life I was puzzled it seemed he'd suddenly changed his mind so then we met every day from 5:00 to 11:00 in the morning very disciplined we recorded his whole life on tape I wanted to know what he was like as a boy as a young man the PIO solos settled in a poor district of New York as immigrants their lives were difficult and demanded many sacrifices nonino found work in a hair salon owned by a Sicilian gangster the backroom harbored illegal betting while in the front no Nina shampooed the female clientele the wives and daughters of the Jewish mafia on Tuesdays and on Thursdays the Italian mafia it was the era of prohibition the PS ollas sometimes made whiskey in their bathtub which they delivered by sidecar Astor Piazzolla absorbed the vibrancy of the city my father happened upon the instrument at a pawn broker in New York's Jewish quarter he bought the bandoneon and brought it home for me I thought he'd brought me a fan I didn't know what it was he explained it was a bandoneon the instrument played in the music I listened to every night you're going to play it was in order you're going to study the bandoneon my ears frozen sometimes crying in pain he took me to the Bronx to study with Tarek tooth sheet twice a week my father made that sacrifice I don't know Deanna if I would have done it he believed in me but he believed in me in a certain way as if I were a genius but I'm not he made me feel important and that's how he set the course for my life what was it hockey in 1935 the famous Argentine tango singer Carlos Gardel arrived in New York to act in a film nonino an ardent admirer of tango wanted to give him a gift a wooden statue he'd carved himself Oscar was entrusted with the delivery when Gardel heard us to our play he invited him to appear in the film the encounter with Gardel helped shape us to his future all I can tell you is we were very close two weeks before Gardel died I received a telegram from New York asking me to go on tour with him luckily because of a family problem I couldn't and I didn't die the plane on which Carlos Gardel was travelling crashed in Colombia in 1936 overcome by homesickness the PSL is returned to Argentina Oscar was torn away from the creative energy of New York in Mar del Plata Oscar received word that a famous tango Orchestra would be performing he went to the concert and asked to audition the musicians were astounded by the 16 year olds daring he played Gershwin and buck on the bandoneon and spoke Spanish with an American accent their response was swift they invited him to Buenos Aires to join the orchestra but I gave you I had to talk to my father and mother about it I told them I had to and my father was happy he was losing me and he knew it I said I'm leaving he said something like your mother's going to cry she'll be very sad Astor left for Buenos Aires and moved into a shabby boardinghouse with other musicians he missed his parents and often wept at night but he was tenacious he practiced constantly and played at the novelty cabaret other orchestras began to take note of the seventeen-year-old bandoneon player they called him Tenderfoot I entered the world of gigolos and prostitutes a world of drugs drunks and gamblers a world apart which I participated in as a member of an orchestra there were 13 musicians in the orchestra 12 lived with a woman if nonino heard I was living with a woman he'd have killed me in 1939 Arthur Rubinstein performed at the Teatro colon in Buenos Aires Astrea found out where he was staying and brought him the score of a concerto composed in his honor Rubenstein examined the score and told him it was not a concerto Astor had left out the orchestral part Rubenstein advised him to study composition with the noted Argentine composer Alberto he no Sara yes Tara had a way about it it was like speaking to a cleric but I studied hard and was happy I went to concerts at the teatro cologne to rehearsals analyzed works what records I started to listen and that sparked a change in me in 1942 Auster married did a wolf did he was studying painting and liked to sing they shared a deep bond she poured herself into us to his budding musical career when he set four poems by jorge luis borges to music for an album to be performed by a star singer at mundo Rivero he asked did eight to sing on the demo and brought the sample to Bocas Sango could be Bellanca provide elderly on the day of the recording at mundo Rivero s borkus if he liked the result Bohr has told him he preferred the sample version the one sung by the young woman Astor Piazzolla became known as the tango revolutionary who spoke to listeners in an entirely new language of music Piazzolla broke with traditional tango melodies and rhythms and with the way the bandoneon was played what's less well known is that in the 1940s he was a star of classical tango orchestras while still a student Pia Sola began composing arrangements for the most famous orchestras at the time including for Annabelle Troy Hilo but for every 100 notes Oscar wrote Trello struck out 20 so Astro decided to quit when his son Danielle was born in 1945 Oscar was playing with the Fiorentina orchestra where no one disputed his arrangements but uh star still yearned to make a different kind of music and found his own Orchestra even if he would earn less money from it he managed to bring together the best musicians in Argentina and in 1946 he founded the orchestra tipica no time to save me gonna be NSA pocono enemy who got 10 years another loss and amigo it appears they say no put your mind at ease I mean I haven't got any ameno – he poked or possibly a Rouge Anandi when I música zakharov in my complicado rosary I saw who is – bien de louvre in Reverse in the loca me me with Domino locomotive anonymous the miracle epidural is your Sola had made great strides during his studies he ventured a big decision he would give up the bandoneon he decided to stop performing in nightclubs and leave tango behind instead he would focus on composing classical symphonies in 1953 Auster won the Fabian Sowinski prize for his Sinfonia Buenos Aires which came with a stipend to study orchestration in Paris I took the bandoneon with me just in case the best composers went to Paris to study with Nadia Boulanger she was like a second mother to me she wanted to know how I lived my life if I was a good person so are you married of course I have two children she told me that's good I studied every day she was a torturer she read my symphony scores she said it's well-written but where's Piazzolla I want to know what does Piazzolla do who is Piazzolla in the end I told her I played the bandoneon she hadn't known and she's all the Pannonian that's the only instrument that Paul Hindemith couldn't play he said do you like it I love it and she made me play tango and she took my two hands it says this is Astor Piazzolla she heard my style the harmonies and the rhythm she didn't hear the cha-cha-cha the chimp oom common to tango she heard a new tango that opened my eyes I picked up my Ben Dona and never put it down again in Paris Astor was steeped in creative ferment he worked day and night composed many tangos and recorded an album with the Paris Opera Orchestra armed with all this new music us to return to Buenos Aires he felt unstoppable he returned home like a gladiator determined to fight for his music and sparked a musical controversy Argentina had just suffered two months of rising violence on September 16 1955 President Juan Peron was overthrown in a coup d'etat three years after the death of Evita Peron a military hunter took power and a new era of uncertainty began her own fell and tango along with him it was strange tango evaporated bolero exploded Bill Haley took off with boogie-woogie rock-and-roll and all that stuff and a form of tango died because no one was dancing tango but at that moment I was born Nicole that same year Astor Piazzolla once again brought together the best tango musicians and founded the octet to Buenos Aires controversy erupted his tango and waiver quickly met with we often had to play for free no one wanted to listen to the ensemble I was very discouraged and when I get discouraged I leave oh yeah my vehicle didn't give any warning my Koth appear soulless we all make the same sudden foolish decisions like my grandfather dad moved to New York just like money no I was studying piano with Martha Bronte I'm playing the Chopin Prelude I played incredibly well my father said you're going to study at Julliard School of Music Julliard like Glenn Gould and the other great artists things turned sour in New York but they didn't let on so Deanna and I wouldn't worry things went badly really badly I even stole hams from the market I didn't have a dime one day I took one of my records to a studio CBS I'll never forget what they said it's very beautiful but in this country it's not what you know but who you know that counts driven by financial difficulties Uster resolved to do what he had always rejected to go on tour and play traditional tango accompaniments to dance shows in 1959 during a tour in Puerto Rico just as he was about to go on stage he received a call from Mar del Plata his father no Nino had just passed away he decided to play anyway back in New York Custer asked his family to give him a few moments alone in half an hour he composed arias nonino I still remember nonino who always teased sad people get up you little mope you have to play he always wanted me to play so that's what I did please grateful of debatably 30 Nina yeah penniless the PIA SOLAS decided to return to Buenos Aires aster was able to sell a Yost nonino earning just enough to buy four tickets on a freighter in la noche poor thing Astor Piazzolla brought back many new compositions with him from New York but also a deep frustration in Buenos Aires he founded a quintet which once again roiled Argentina's music scene we present to you the most modern and innovative expression of tango a style that has propelled the art of Astor Piazzolla to the center of the world's music making this was the start of the most exposure I'd ever had playing every night for a very small audience but they started to really listen and understand what my quintet was trying to accomplish it was a new form of music especially popular with fans of jazz with night owls who went out to listen and in disaster into the know Jim you Astor and Eddie's relationship fell into a silent crisis my sister and I we all live together until 1965 or 1966 my father left and it destroyed our family hello who's there dad how are you I'm leaving okay see you later no I'm moving out what do you mean you're moving out I packed a few bags you can bring them to this hotel take them to this address between Sint Maarten and Florida I stood there like an idiot because I never imagined something like that could ever happen we had a wonderful family with ostrog on day days sank into depression several months later Tonya left home too and then Deanna left for Northwest Argentina to work with the country's poorest d-day was left alone I had no home nothing I worked constantly I didn't care about the house I just wanted to write I was selfish but that egotism gave me the strength to keep going don't forget it takes more courage to leave than it does to stay Oscar and a divorced in 1966 I'm going to ask you straight are you bitter no absolutely not I had a bad temper because they attacked me I used to have quite a temper I asked you because in a newspaper a few weeks ago you implied that you were recognized in Europe while in your own country you were criticized rejected but you don't hold the esteem you deserve I had opportunities to do wonderful things I received proposals from France to work with George muskie from Italy to work with Melvin and albini more projects than I could have imagined here I have nothing there I have everything Chili's retaliate my father left for Italy he wrote me soon after Danny I'm sending you a tape of what I just recorded when I heard it it sounded like Quincy Jones but it was my father's music you Oscar was in a new country and was brimming with new ideas the Italians liked his music and he felt at home there his popularity in Italy continued in France success in Europe gave him access to an international audience paving the way for collaboration with other established artists like George moose tacky John Merrow neva Marco bailo Keogh rostropovich Caetano Veloso and Gerry Mulligan in 1975 influenced by free jazz bands he formed the octet to electronical and recruited his son Daniel they performed across Europe people follow me applaud me understand me they get the message which isn't easy because I change constantly [Applause] my father returned one morning in March 78 after a long stay in Europe Master appears Ola is back in Argentina Master are you here to stay for the moment yes are you reinventing yourself I always have tomorrow or the day after I'll sit down and think and I'll figure out what I want to do after four years of touring US tour suddenly decided to disband the octet to electronical Danielle found out by chance while listening to a radio interview with his father B or chameleon it was the worst thing I'd ever heard that evening my father came round for dinner I was exhausted my projects weren't working out and playing with my father was the best thing I had I looked at him and said you realize you're going backwards it was the worst thing I could think of he said who do you think you are I didn't see my father for ten years after that below me okay me look at him or joking yesterday yeah what's a except Emmett he was sure he was bossy you know we just you know Cato we had other one Yan was in 1974 Dianna was denounced and became the target of the Argentine anti-communist alliance a far-right death squad she was forced into exile and settled in Mexico with her partner the nephew of a sous anivia floor a founder of the mothers of Plaza de Mayo a group who campaigned for the disappeared once she said to me if we were at war and you were on the other side I'd shoot you I said you're crazy seriously I'd shoot you that was the 1970s at that time Deanna had taken on a nom de guerre Elsa no one knew where she was later we found out she was in exile we didn't get to say goodbye on March 24 1976 another military coup swept Argentina the dictatorship that assumed control opened what became the most brutal chapter in the country's history a facade of normality was maintained which even used the 1978 world cup as a smokescreen the regime kidnapped tortured murdered and systematically disappeared thousands of citizens while Diana Piazzolla lived in exile in Mexico her father and some other artists attended a dinner hosted by General Videla leader of the military hunter it took Dianna years to forgive her father your practice is so nothing I think the rhythm is the only constant in my music everything else is new evolving it's contemporary it's now yes tango is still in there but it's another world it's the world of Ostrow Piazzolla Oster divided his time between France and Argentina he found love again with Laura escalada whom he married in 1988 after a long engagement I'm in a very quiet period of my life very happy very peaceful what a strange feeling to be at rest I needed those years of rest I spent last summer and Punta del Este in Uruguay those three months in 1979 and 1980 renewed me as a result my music is not agitated or aggressive anymore it's not as biting it's very tender romantic and different because of a focus to life okay Rosa regularity Veronica Roth the intermedia wait for manana credo he's not a concern because we know no Pokemon Omega P so when a person is from the port a piscines is your team they can do Paragon Yamano give me that day we were on duty vehicle because our omean and have a little gap a que todo es todo es el mañana equalent to see on video Mikasa you need On June 11th 1983 US Tropius Ola finally achieved his dream he performed his music on the stage of the Teatro colon with a symphony orchestra at 62 he had finally received recognition and acclaim at home in Argentina nobody pay me know if in 1988 he had a heart operation the doctor told him forget the stage focus on composing it will do you good but it was impossible for him he loved performing on stage [Applause] I bumped into my father again in 1989 he stopped by to say hello he blew the horn on his Mercedes how are you dad it was a rather chilly encounter it's been ages since we've seen each other he said I'm important that's why how are you how was Punta del Este something strange happened I couldn't compose for the first time in my life I sat at the piano and composed nothing you could tell he was worried but he went on tour anyway on that damned 5th of August his days of playing and shark fishing on August 5th 1990 while on tour in Paris Astor Piazzolla suffered a stroke several days later he was transported to Buenos Aires in a coma my father was in intensive care once Deana and I had calmed down a man stopped me and said are you Daniele Piazzolla come with me I'll tell you a secret I thought oh no sit down please this comes from a trusted source your father signed a pact with the devil in exchange for success he agreed to a terrible death my father always said paralysis is the worst thing that could happen to me but paralyzed he was and I never saw that man again on July 4th 1992 two years after the stroke Astor Piazzolla died in Buenos Aires a mistake and I'm presenting a coca-cola his family several mementos remain from his days in New York a harmonica a sketch of him made by Diego Rivera and the first recording of a stork playing the bandoneon when he was 9 years old you

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